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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 27, 1944, Abilene, Texas gpbilem Importer WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH TOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 101 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 27, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES Associated Press IAP) united Press IV.P.I PRICE FIVE CENTS Nazis' Baltic Army s Back on Riga LONDON, Sept. more than 500 towns and villages to the Russians, the mauled divisions of the German northern army corps fell back on Riga tonight for what may be their last stand in the Baltic states. A Soviet communique reported Red army forces took more than 200 places in thei.v drive to clear the disorganized enemy from the west coast of Estonia southwest of Tallinn and pressed on down within 5 miles northeast of Riga, taking 300 places in Latvia. Riga, last Baltic capital in enemy hands and a highly valuable naval base for the newly unfettered Red Baltic ifdet, already is closely threatened by the Russians six miles to the south, and only a narrow escape corridor leading west- ward along the sea remains to the Germans. The Soviet communique also announced capture of Tur- ka, in southern Poland 12 n-liles from the border of Czechoslovakia. The Russians were silent con- cerning all other fronts, but the German radio said Soviet pres- sure on the Hungarian border ,-Jrom Romania was increasing, several attempts to cross inio Hungary from the area north of Arad. The Ankara (Turkish) radio said the Rus- Russians had crossed the bor- der northwest of Arad and were miles inside Hungary. The only news of the fighting at Warsaw came from the Polish un- derground forces of General Bor, which reported a sustained Soviet artillery barrage from the right bvik of the Vistula, with Poles in- the city acting as spotters. German broadcasters claimed that south of Riga the Nazi forces had won more space for their "disen- gaging movements" by a series of Tlie Germans, according to their own radio accounts, were disen- gaging along a 65-mile front north- east and east of Riga to wheel back into the city lor a last-ditch fight. .Jled Star, official Soviet army piper, 'jonfirmed this, saying ths Germans had shifted three divisions northeast of Riga in an effort to "gain time for concentration of their troops intorfliga." imencans Slain in Palaus U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD- QUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Sept. 26 hundred and eighty-six have been killed, 406 are lissing and have been wound- ed in the invasion of the Palaus through Sept. 25, Adm. Chester W. Nlmitz announced in a communique tonight. First division Marines, which op- ened the campaign Sept. 15 by in- Sec pages 2 and 12 for more on Pacific war. vading as yet unconquered an island where the last Japanese now are pocketed on the worth end lost 580 killed. Four hundred and one leathernecks are missing and have been wounded. The 81st army division, which conquered Ansaur island southern- most of the Palaus and now have joined in the Leleliu campaign have s'lttained 168 losses in dead, five aru missing and 169 have been wounded, mostly drive. in the Angaur Truck Driver Hurt llfl Highway Mishap Fred M. Brown, 29, driver for the McClure Machinery company, re- ceived two fractured ribs and many bruises about 3 p. m. Tuesday truck left the road and turned over on Route 80, two miles across the Callahan county line. Brown told State Patrolman E. E. Powell and Pat Ross he went to sleep prior to the accident. He was tVown from the truck, which turn- eiT over twice and crashed against a telephone post, wrecking it. Abilenians' Son Missing in list Raid on Enemy Lt. Henry L. Francis, 19, son of Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Francis, 201 Mockingbird Lane, has been miss- ing in action over Germany since Sept. 12. The War department message was received last night by his par> ents. Lieutenant Francis, holder of the Dewey Leaves Tulsa TULSA, Okla.. Sept. 26 Thomas E. -Dewey of New York, iSpublican presidential nominee, left for the east at p. m., cen- tral war time, tonight after being greeted here by what ho called "the largest station crowd I have seen in five years of campaigning." Job Curbs off Vets WASHINGTON, Sept. 26 W) The government tonight lifted all it's manpower controls as far as vet- erans of this war are concerned, t-K'S giving a free reign to service- men to seek any kind of civilian Jobs. According to the Ameri- Institute of Public Opinion, the so-colled "independent" voters hold t h o balance of power in the coming elec- tion. How will they vote? Democrat or Republican? Sec the Gallup Poll re- fDorr in the Evening Re- porter-Ncwj, tomorrow. LIEUTENANT FRANCIS Air Medal and an oak leaf cluster, eligible for a second cluster, was believed to have been on his 21st mission over enemy territory, A bombardier-navigator on a Flying. Fortress, the young Abilene officer had written his parents the night before he was reported miss- ing that he had been on 20 missions at that time. A brother, Ensign M. D. (Chuck) Francis, was killed last summer in line nf duty in action in the Southwest Pacific. He had been on duly with a destroyer. Another brother, William B. (Buck) Francis, is a signalman third class in the Navy, while his young- est brother, Jce, is in Abilene high school and a member of the Eagles' football team. Lieutenant Francis received his commission and wines last Decem- ber 24 at Midland Bombardier school and went overseas in May, being stationed in North Ireland and England. He was with a B-24 Liberator crew for a period but was believed to have been on a Flying pcrtress at the time he was reported missing. He is a mid-term 1943 graduate'of Abilene" high school and began avi- ation cacint training at Sheppard field a few days after graduation but had been sworn in and awaiting call since his 18th birthday the pro- ceeding October. His father Is a member of the edi- torial staff of The Reporter-News. Yank Heavies Hit Nazi Targets LONDON, Sept. For the second successive day approximately American heavy bombers smashed tar- gets in Germany dropping more than tons of high explosives and incendiaries on Nazi warplants and railway yards jammed with army sup- plies without encountering any fighter oposition. Flak was only spotty. Also for the se-ond straight day RAF fleet of 600 Lancasters and Halifaxes, carrying- more than tons of attacked German fortified positions at Calais in support of the Canadian drive to capture the channel port and former capital of the flyinf bomb country. They also blasted one of tnejast German radio stations in France at Can Grls Nez and nearby big guns that have been shelling the British coast for three years. Fanning -out over northwestern in three directions the Flying an'. Liberators with a smaller bodyguard than usual hit steel mills and freight yards at Osnabruck and Hamm and unspecified industrial targets at American fighters patrolling over Holland and Germany shot down 28 German planes and destroyed two on the ground when they spot- ted 40- dd Germans forming up nrsr ?vJunster. Ten American bomb- ers and three fighters failed to return. The RAF lest 'wo bombers on the Calais operation. Late in the afternoon an airborne supplying operation over Holland was escorted by more than 200 Spit- fires and Mustangs. AS NAZIS CLAIM VICTORY OVER 'RED British Widen Nijmegen Wedge; Battle at Climax Air Train Bolsters Allied Sky Troops ALLIED TRAFFIC STREAMS OVER DUTCH steady stream of Allied mot- orized vehicles moves across the captured Nijmegen bridge over the Waal Rhine river in Holland Sept. 21. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps WAR CHEST HEADS MAP DRIVE IN AREA Come Before V-Day LONDON, Sept. past week has done-Xuch toward putting into a more realistic' perspective a great deal of 'the-'talk about cer- tain victory.-beinrf trip In the week the British sweep to the weak, northern flank of the Siegfried line-has been-stymied and three racing American1 armies have been slowed to a walk in the stif- fening enemy defenses short of the Rhine. The Allies announced one pene- tration through "the Siegfried de- fenses. But so "far they have not been able to e'xploit it into any- thing resembling a breakthrough The German army was whipped in France but it has yet to be whipped on its home soil and in its own defense belt. This Is the fight that is shaping up now. The ;iower, the position and the initiative have been main- tained by the Allies despite the in- tensity of the German counterat- tacks. SuJ. Hie vlciuty ieli'iA'rtiS to be won only' after hard fighting. County! chairmen, co-chairmen publicity directors and others prom- inently identified with the forth- cominf; United War Chest cam- paip- in regioy 14, comprised o: Taylor and 12 others Central-Wes Texas counties, met at Camp Barke- ley Tuesday to receive quotas am discuss plans for the drive for 000, the over-all .quota for this re- gion. More Home Rule Extended to Italy WASHINGTON, Sept. President Hoosevelt and Prime Min- ister Churchill announced tonight a greater measure of home rule for Italy and projected a program of industrial reconstruction to help that one-time enemy nation join "the struggle to defeat Germany and Japan." How this program is to be financ- ed was not disclosed and specula- tion immediately arose that since its announced purpose is the prose- cution of the war, United States [end-lease assistance and British mutual aid might be extended to Italy. UP FRONT WITH MAULDiN RepdrfedLost Capt. Lucian Connell Taylor, overseas since July of this year as pilot of a 13-17, has been missing in action over Germany since Sept. 12, .the War department informed hi's "I'm lool'.In' fcr turtle Junior.' CAl'TAIN TAYLOR wife, Mrs. Donna M. Taylor, 1850 North Gth, Tuesday afternoon. Captain Taylor, son of the Rev. and Mrs. W. I. Taylor of Tuscola, enlisted in the Army air corps Nov. 10, 1341 while a student at Hardin-. Simmons university. He received his wings and commission as a second ieutenant in May, 1942. Since going overseas he ha? been stationed in England. The captain recently completed an orientation course designed to bridge the gap between training ln :he states and combat flying. He formerly was employed in the circulation department of the Abi- lene Reporter-News. Charles B. Paxton, Colorado City, chairman of the campaign in this region, presided at the session and was assisted by W. E. Berry, Tay- lor county chairman. Wayland D. Towner, Austin, gen- eral manager for the state cam- paign, attended the session and ad- dressed the county workers. Guest speaker was Cpl. Richard W. Reno, Pecan Gap, a wounded veteran of the 36th division's campaign in Italy. Corporal Reno, holder of the Sil- ver 'Star medal and the Purple Heart medal for wounds in the left leg and right shoulder suffered Sept. 14, 1043, at Alta Villa, Italy, told of the ser- vice to army personnel by agencies supported through the United War Chest. Taylor county, wilh a quota of was given by far the largest amount to raise in the approaching can paign. Other counties of tlic region and assessed quotas arc: Caila- han, Comanche, Eustland, S12.898; Fisher, HaskcII, Jones, SH.570; Mitchell, Nolan, Scun S h a ckclford, S3, (39; Stephens, SC.7C6, and Young, War chest workers attending the Barkeley meeting, and cities rep- resented, included: Fred Hughes, Morgan Jones, Jr., Bob Fielder, Robert B. Wylie, C. N. Caidwell. O. P. Bcebc, C. W. Wright, .Viley Caffey, E. A. Ungrcn, Tom E. Eplen, Elmo V. Cook and Bo'ry of Abilene; E. L. Maxwell and D. T. Bowles, W. P. John- on, Gus Barr and J. D. Holbroofc, Sweetwater; Eliza Gilliland and Mrs. J. C. Lee, Baird; Kin- aid, Tye; W. J. Ely, Mary Frances 3heid and Mrs. Gaston Brock, Sny- der; E. O. Wedgeworth, A. N. G. Swenson, A. C. Humphrey and Sol tV. Sanders, Stamford; C. H. Bates, Vlrs. E. Galloway, Mrs. C. S. Ussery ind Winona M. Schultz, Aspermont; VTrs. W. D. Duggcr, Old Glory; L. C. Hubbard and W. D. Drummond. rraham; J. Belton Duncan, E. L. Wilson and J. M. Crawford, Haskoll; toe Culberson, Hamlin; B. L, Jones, Anson: B. A. Butler. Cisco, and Ray- mond McDaniel, Eastland. Following tlie morning conference he war chest workers were guests it a luncheon at the No. 2 service club at Barkeley. The day's pro- cram was compelted with a tour of hn camp, directed by re-prawnta- Ives of Col. Victor W. ,B. Wales, :amp commander, who is absent on cave. Flier Son of Anson Merchant Is Missing ANSON, Sept. Staff Sgt. Elmer Lee Farnsworth, 20, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ed Farnsworth, the former a pioneer Anson mer- chant has been missing in action since a flight Sept. :i over Ger- many, the parents were advised to- day by thu War department. Young Farnsworth as born D 14, 1823, and was graduated from Anson high school, later attending NTAC at Arlington and Hardin- Shnmons university. Hfi volunteer- ed in November 1J42, In the air if 'CCS. His brother, Billy .uwler Farns- worth, is a hospital apprentice first class in the Navy. Bricker to Texas DALLAS, Sept. StiUc Republican headquar' -rs announc- ed here todny that Gov. John W. Bricker of Ohio, Republican can- didate for vice-president, would visit Texas late in October. The Weather II. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUnEAU AIUI.ENE AND VICINITY: Cloudy Wednesday; Thursday rloiiriy with showers and thunderstorms; little chance En lemperalcre: fresh ulndv WEST TEXAS: Cloudy with r.itn Clnudy and windy with showers Wed- nesday nlrht: Thursday clearing Pan- handle and South ruins: cloudy ulth showers remainder. I.lttlc change in temperature. EAST TEXAS: Cloudy will! rain nnd continued rather cool with .hnwrrs In south portion, Ihnwers ant! hunderslnrms north portion; little 'hanre In temperature north, warmer south portion. Fresh TEMPERATURES Mon. Tues. Jlon. Dutch Corridor Freed of Nazis By WALTER CRONKITE WITH AMEK1UAN AIRBORNE TROOPS AT VEGHEL, Holland, Sept. last. Germans were driven from the Eindhoven- Arnhem corridor at 11 a. m. today after holding a wedge in our lines for 42 hours. During that time the Nazis had mined a tiny strip of the Eind- hoven-Arnhem highway, but by noon today fast working British and American engineers had clear- ed the road. The convoys Imme- diately began rolling northward to feed Lt. Gen. Sir Miles C. Demp- sey's spearheads. The Germans were hurled back northwest from the road at least three miles to the Uden-Boxtel railroad, south of tlip town of Echijndel at a point about eleven miles northwest of Eindhoven. American airborne troops and British armor are still shoving out tit clear, once and for all, the corridor from the threat of foarasing artillery fire. Meanwhile, on the right flank, British armor reached the Maas (Meusc) south of Grave and only isolated by-passed pockets of German infantry were believed left between the corridor and the Maas in a great triangle northeast of Eindhoven. Tlie left flank was temporarily held up in the tiny town of Best, which was on. the western edge of this nirhornc units landing some nine days ago but where Germans j sent in hundreds of reorganized' troops. It Is believed the Germans hope to hold on and contain the Allies wi'.hin o rough semi-circulnr line to preserve the vital 'railroad and highway terminals of Tilburg and Hertogenbosch. from which' escape to Germany still is possible. SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Wednesday, Sept. British Sec- ond ar'my sent another column east toward Germany yester- day, pulling up on the Mcusc river at Boxmecr, 13 miles south of Nijmegen and only three miles from the Dutch- German border. At the same time an alternate supply route into the fiercely-contested Nijmegcn-Arnhem area was opened up through Grave by British armor striking along the western side of the corridor that leads up from Eindhoven. This new drive came as American transports landed close behind the front in Holland with men, weapons and supplies for the beleaguered airborne troops in the Nijme- gen-Arnhem sector and bolstered the Allied forces for the increasingly vital struggle at the northern gateway to the Rhine. There still was no word early today, however, of the fale of the British airborne "Red Devil" division which has clung stubbornly to a little foothold on the north bank ofi the Neder Rhine for nine days and nights. A German broadcast, unconfirmed by Allied sources, asserted that the valiant little band of British skytroopers finally had been liquidated with the last 600 surrendering yesterday morning. The combination of powerful ground blows by British armor and the reinforcements and supplies landru from transports and gliders eased the critical situation along; the narrow corridor stretching lip Into Hol- land and supreme headquarters announced that the highway between Veghel and Nijmegen now was cleared of the Germans although still under artillery fire. Big American freighters of the air. C-47 transports towing gliders loaded with men, weapons, Jeeps and supplies, landed at a forward air- field yesterday giving succor to the harrassed Allied forces. Associated Press Correspondent A. I. Goldberg, who made the flight in the sky-train, said these first actual landings of supply planes were made In a grassy pasture within sight of the smoke of battle. The supply operation was .run so smoothly that the first planes were unloaded and .taking off fpr their bases In England before the last of the transports flew in through the narrow, uncertain corridor. More thah 200 Mustang fighters escorted the unarmed transports. Neither enemy planes nor flak was encountered and the entire convoy completed Its round trip from England. Another dispatch from the front In Holland declared the Germans Doughboys Issued Long Handles Hy WHITEHEAB IN.GERMANY, Sept. 26 troops are receiving their first issue of winter clothing today. Kalny weather already has set in and the chill of frosty nights arid mornings makes heavier lialdc garb welcome to frontline sold- iers. Most troops hail Hie same equipment and clnlhing they brought ashore with them In June. Each hail two pairs of pants, shirts, light socks, and usually a light field jacket. Now they arc getting "lone handle" underwear, cxlra blankets .-.nd overcoats. Lightweight sleeping bags arc reported an the way to cnmlml troop's. With one blanket, these sleeping bags arc expected to keep the soldiers warm at night in temperatures as low as 40 degrees. Rainfall Sweeps Bip Texas Area BY TUB ASSOCIATED PRESS Summer lost its grip on Texas yesterday as T .ins swept a wide area and temperatures dropped. Serttcred showers and continued mild temperatures are forecast for today. More than one inch of rain fell in Culbcrson county, benefiting ranges hk'h had suffered from drouth. Heaviest rain reported at Wink, which received .58 of an inch. Houston received .52, Galves- ton .49. Waco Navasota .38, Alice .32 nnd Dallas ;j4. Light Rain Over Abilene Territory The Abilrne urea was treated to a slow rain early Tuesday evening which hroucht benefit to the rang- es and no damage to cotton, which was not open far enough to be vulnerable. The weather bureau re- corded .2] of an Inch precipitation. The rain generally was to the north, with Anson reporting a heavy downpour around 7 p. rn. [The fall here started about p. m. and lasted a couple of hours. The Lub'OL'k vicinity had rain during th afternoon. A.M. (17 tin IIOI.'H 1___ r.M. HI HI) ni. .....II......... 8ft 78 .........12........ and low temperatures I m and inch and low la last year: (it am! A7. Sunset last nlilil: Hunrfse this mornlnt: Sunsel tonight! 71 7n Louisiana Demo Revoli Crushed BATON ROUGE, Sept. 28 Louisiana's Democratic state cen- tral committee today apparently cndod a threatened bolt by some of the state's presidential electors by adopting a resolution giving the 10 Individual electors until midnight Oct. 2 to pleufc support of Rousc- vclt and Truman or be replaced. were throwing thousands of men and all available armor and material Into an all-out effort to stem the threat to the Rhine and emphasized that "there is no minimizing the importance of this battle. On it rests tht success of tlie campaign. "The Germans forced a powerful wedge into' the narrow supply corridor up from Eindhoven for 24 hours, this dispatch said, and succeeded in temporally isolating the northern spearhead of Lt. Gen. Sir Miles C. Dcmpsey's Second army by cutting the road between St. Oedcnrode and Veghel. But British armor, supporting the airborne troops, was slowly forcing the Germans back nnd field conimanders said they expected highway convoys to resume traffic some time today. At least three times German armored and infantry attacks had severed the thin Allied supply line between Eindhoven find NlJmErcn, the vital artery along which relnlorccmcnts were being shoved toward Arnhcm. As many times British tanks and self-propelled guns had smashed the Nazis back and cleared the highway. In their determined effort to halt this Allied thrust toward Ger- many the Nazis struck witn their hoarded reserve of fighter planes. A single flight of 100 Focke-Wulf fighters attacked British forces near Nijmegen, and another 75 swept down on the besieged airborne Tommies at Arnhem. Sixteen of the attacking Nazis at Nijmegen were shot down Sec PC. 12, Col 2 SUPPORT FOR AIRBORNE towplancs with gliders strung out behind them fly high over a wind- mill at Vnlkenswnard, near Eimlhov'ii, on their wey to sup- port the nirborne army in Holland. A skytrain such as this landed at a forward Dutch airfield yesterday to give aid (o the harrassed Allied forces near Arnhcin. ;