Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 26, 1944, Abilene, Texas
ES'Eis Wt)t Abilene JXtportEt
____ S ~ n^x^n tv/r n'P'ir.l VAI ID W'ADm IT YAT
VOL. LXIV, NO. IOO
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES.
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 26, 1944-TWELVE PACES
Associafed Press CAP)
United Press (V.P-) PRICE FIN E CENTS
Riga Evacuated, Estonia Trapped
LONDON, Sept. 26.—(UP)—The Berlin radio reported today that the Red army had completed the occupation o Estonia.
By HENRY SHAPIRO United Press War Correspondent MOSCOW, Sept. 26.—(UP)—The battered German army of the Baltics has begun the evacuation of Riga, capital ot against which Russian troops
were closing from
Fight to Get Industries in City Planned
Industrial committeemen of the Abilene chamber of commerce this morning went on record as favoring a fund to be used in promoting business and commercial de\elop-lAit of the city.
This intensive campaign would be a follow-up of the Blanton industrial survey now underway.
Committeemen in their session at the chamber of eom-
ffierce made no recommenda-jon as to the site of the fund that would be needed or the manner in which it might be provided, deferring such recommendation until they had made a study of the survey to be submitted Nov. 15.
*The Blanton survey is necessary as a basis of operations, W. J. Fulwiler, chairman of the group, declared in presenting the plan that had been advanced by the chamber of commerce board Of dilators. From the survey the committee car. get a otter virv the possibilities of this area.
Chairman Fulwiler suggested two
roads over which the German
garrison was fleeing.
Big air battles raged over the
Riga area as the Nazis command threw in strong fighter formations in a desperate atter pt to shield the hard pressed ground forces.
Red Star reported that Soviet armored and mobile forces were racing toward. Riga from the east, beating back the German rear guard which was fighting for time to evacuate the main garrison from the capital.
Red army tanks were reported nearing the main airdrome in the Riga area, the capture of which will place the Naris at the mercy of Russian assault planes swarming over the battle zone.
In a climactic drive to wind up the Baltic campaign and free their full striking power for an all out offensive against East Prussia, the Red armies seized one of the two escape ports still open to the Germans in 'Estonia, herded the surviving enemy divisions against the sea coast, and broke open the long-prepared Nazi “winter line’’ guarding the eastern approaches to Riga.
The battle of Estonia was virtually ended yesterday, except for mopping. up operations, when spearhead.-. oi Marshall Leonid A. Govorov's Leningrad army captured the port of Haapsalu and more than initial actions to put the survey I 800 0ther towns and villages, along
t*ee sides, the Soviet army organ Rod Star‘od®>' JAPS drive TO FLANK KWEILIN-Open arrow indicates Front dispatches said the Russians had won complete ^ driye ,o „ank Kweiiin and out rail line between
control of all rail junctions and main highways.leamg out Bn(J Liuchow_reported by Chinese as developing
of B'S®' and ,ht ,Rcd air ? yesterday- Chinese also reported capture of Sunhing and op-
pounding the secondary '.“enartheas, of Wuchow. Heavy lines are ap-
posing a .lap proximate fronts. (AP Wirephoto)
Indians Seven Miles from Tiddim
By The Associated Press In southwestern Burma the Fifth Indian division advanced against
light opposition to within seven
mites of the enemy base at Tiddim.
Roof'd Japanese garrison, In southwest‘ China', Ynnnan provlne. .ere reported eoneenlratlng in the Burma road town of Mangshih,
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, SOUTHWEST PACIFIC. Sept. 26.—(UP)—American forces stepped up the battle for the protective bases of the Philippines today as an undisclosed number of army troops joined Marines on Pe-leliu island and Naval bombers struck crippling blows at the shipping upon which the
presumably to make a stand.
The main body of troops that abandoned Japanese defenses depend
Pingka. former southern anchor of the Nipponese S»
alwecn front, reached
Gen. Douglas MacArthur disclosed that a single Catalina bomber
Mangshih t. which ai’Vonms^sank’’, tanker .nd sink three Jnpanese warship, hi
China-based U. S. damaged a freighter.
to practical use. First would be to •Wpdy the survey to learn what Cosiness would be most practical and best suited for this area. Next would be to compile a list of prospective concerns.
“After the war”, Fulwiler said, “we can expect the greatest €&>hift of industry and the greatest development of our lifetime.” The survey, properly used, will give the chamber information to be used to furthering the development of this Hprea.
^Motion to go on record as favoring the industrial development campaign was by Henry James.
Present at the meeting were Fulwiler, James. S. N. Jay, Sterling Wooten, T. C. Campbell Sr., Glen iPigan, W. W. Hair and Jack Simmons, chamber of commerce manager.
one run over Davao gulf in the southern Philippines and another Navy bomber sank a 10.000 ton tanker and damaged a 3.000 ton freighter 300 miles south of Mindanao.
His Pacific collaborator. Adm. Chester IV. Nimitz, revealed that the Army had joined the Marines for the climactic fighting on Peleliu in the Palau islands. 560 miles east of the Philippines. The remaining Japanese there had been driven into a pocket less than 1,600 yards long on its northwestern tip. A front dispatch quoted a spokesman that this was the beginning of the end.”
(The German DNB news agency broadcast a Tokyo dispatch today
Th” raldlng'squ.^on''today wi'second in site only to that which ‘T.td h.ht-
"primary"Targets were steel and chemical plants integrated In sinking three naval
the vast manufacturing center of Japan’s Manchuria. vessels on a single bombing run
coke production installations were heavily hit on the ^ carried out saturday night.
a r srPFRFORTRESS BASE IN WEST CHINA, Sept. 26—if)— X heavv force of American superbombers raided industrial installations at ^TnshanTn Manchiiria by dwight today, with the obiect .t cleaning anything overlooked" on two previous raids on that key city.
Basic steel and previous attacks
U. S. Ships Must Not ^op at Argentina
WASHINGTON, Sept. 26.—(UP)
The Ftate department announced
today that after Oct. I American ships northbound from South America will be prohibited from stopping Q Argentine ports.
Jobs tor Veterans
(Apply to War Manpower Commission, 1141 North 2d)
Veterans placed since
’ Veterans places yesterday I
Interviewed yesterday 5
Routed to other agencies
since Sept. I ........... 3
^Jobs listed ............ 175
with over 1,000 German prisoners and huge quantities of war material.
Haapsalu, 54 miles southwest of Tallinn, fell to Russian flying columns tipi struck 32 miles west from Marjamaa in 24 hours, riding down feeble enemy opposition in their path.
German survivors pocketed against the sea coast north and south of Haapsalu had no alternative but surrender or a risky evacuation to the Estonian islands of Hiuumaa and Saarenaa. 2 miles off the coast, through the Red fleet blockade.
One small port—Virtsu, 25 miles to the south—remained open to the Germans and that was threatened by another Russian force that swung down from Marjamaa to take Vigala,
31 miles northeast of Virtsu.
The Soviet early morning communique did not mention fighting along the Hungarian border, which a Romanian announcement yesterday said had been crossed in the Arad area, nor did it confirm the reported invasion of Slovakia from the north, although it was indicated that some Russian units already were operating inside the Nazi puppet state.
(Ankara dispatches continued to report peace demonstrations in Budapest, following the arrival of the Red army on Hungary’s border.)
Cossack horsemen and infantry units of Gen. Ivan Y, Petrov’s 4th Ukrainian army fanned out along a 55-mile stretch of the Polish-Slovak border, seizing more than 50 Polish towns and villages and pushing five to 15 miles deeper into the Carpathian mountain passes leading to Slovakia and beyond to Hungary.
Krywe, thre miles from the Slovak frontier and 26 miles northeast of the Slovak town of Hum-enne, was taken in the Russian advance.
522 Added for Free Milk Fund
Soldiers Say Theyflit Boy
„ „ ..__A sergeant and four or five oth-
Dona ions amounting $- ^ enlisted men came t0 Capt. An.
added to the citys iree mux luna R tta.v ramn Rnrkelcv Dro
its morning bringing the total to ^ marshaI; tWs morning and told
$236.85 on the $3,000 goal.
The fund is to supply underprivileged children with milk for the coming year.
Included in this morning's contributors are:
H. J. Bass ................
Abilene Plumbing Supply IO Anonymous
him they were in the automobile which Saturday night struck and killed 13-year-old Everett McCullough.
Police Chief Virgil Waldrop was advised late this morning by Captain Bettwye that the men had
2 I done this and Waldrop immediate-
u “ ILj 'L iv,, ly ordered discontinuance of ap-
be mailed to the | peaJs pr radiQ slatiQn KRBC for
those responsible for the accident to come In and confess.
Waldrop said he had not been advised of the soldiers’ names.
Young McCullough, son of Mr. and Mrs. N. E. McCullough, 1333 South 13th, was killed instantly when struck about 10:30 p. rn Saturday in the 1800 block on South 14th. He was returning home from
Donations may ce maueu J peals er radio station KRBC for
Milk Fund Council, City, or given I p to W. O. Norman at the Farmers and Merchants National bank, treasurer of the fund.
when the Catalina caught a Jap-mese tender simultaneously fueling iwo destroyer escorts In Davao gulf. Dropping its bombs in one sweep, the Catalina hit all three ships. The explosions formed one huge blast and the two escorts sank almost immediately. The tender later capsized and settled to the bottom.
No other bomber had duplicated the action in the Pacific, and the strike was believed to have set an all-time record for the entire war.
The big enemy tanker and the freighter were caught the same night by another single Navy bomber off Celebes, almost simultaneous with a heavy raid on the island’s airbromes by land-based Army Liberators and Mitchells. Fifty six tons of bombs were dropped in the assault to keep the airfields neutralized.
Four Years Ago
By The Associated Press SEPT 26, 1940—German planes
divebomb English port and naval
base of Southampton, blasting in dustries and residential areas and the Abilenc-Amarillo football game leaving hundreds homeless. British where, as a boy Scout h«. ser\ cd as planes pound French channel ports an usher.
and targets in Germany. I He was buried here Monday.
raided the Kaoe airdrome on Hal mahera, while P-T boats shelled enemy positions on the northern coast of Morotai Island, 200 miles south of the Philippines. There were no new reports of American troops in Morotai.
In the Peleuiu campaign, Nimitz said the Army troops now on the island were part of the 81st division which conquered nearby Angaur.
TAKE COVER FROM ENEMY ATTACKS—Wounded British soldiers in Holland take cover during enemy attacks on a convoy between Eindhoven and Nijemgen. Tanks and^Typhoons drove the attackers off and the convoy proceeded on. (British Photo via Signal Corps Radiotelephoto from NEA Telephoto).
The War at a dance
Bv The Associated Press
WESTERN FRONT—News dimout clamped on middle Holland front after British advance through Helmond and Duerne; two Allied forces drive toward Siegfried line terminus at Kleve; unconfirmed French broadcast says Kiev? taken;.pocketed British west of Arnhem fight into ninth day to retain river foothold; Allies gam five miles north of a
carat in Nancy area.
EASTERN FRONT—Russians pound at remaining small
pocket of German resistance in Estonia; drive on Riga in
LaUITALY—German counterattacks slow Allies beyond broken Gothic line, but Eighth army crosses historic Rubicon.
^00pA^TIFIC Superfortresses smash again at Japan’s vital j
war industry in Manchuria; Japanese say Philippines air bases reinforced.
Nazis Hit Airtroops Third Time
The Germans In a sudden thrust cut the road between here and St. Oedenrode around 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon with at least two tanks, two or three 88mm self-propelled guns and a few score infantry-equipped 8pandaus.
By WALTER CRONKITE United Press War Correspendent (Representing Combined I S Press)
WITH AMERICAN AIRBORNE
Other far eastern air force planes FORCES. Ve^2»cl>
day)—(UP)—The third battle of
Vechel—the third German attempt in four days to slice the jugular vein of Lt. Gen. Sir Miles C. Dempsey’s army at the Zuid Willems canal crossing—was joined today.
Each fight has been more intense than the last and this looks like the big Nazi effort to cut off the British spearhead now at Arn-
Road to Berlin
Bv The Associated Press
1—Western front; 305 miles (from west of Kleve).
2—Russian front: 310 miles 'from
3—Italian front: 570 miles 'from
hem and threatening to turn the South o» Bologna'.
Allies Pay in Blood for Letting Hitler Fortify Rhine
(Second of a series of articles on veterans’ benefits, ranging from demobilization to jobs and pensions will be found on the Auditorial page. James Marlow, in his daily article entitled “Today on the Home Front,” written for The Associated Press, will deal with this subject each day for several days.)
According to the American Institute of Public Opinion, the so-called “independent” voters hold the balance of power in ^ the coming election.
How will they vote?
Democrat or Republican?
See the Gallup Poll report in the Evening Re-porter-News, tomorrow.
U S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU
ABILENE AND VICINITY—Considerably cloudy today, with scattered showers and local thunderstorms Wednesday, cloudy, with scattered showers.
EAST TEXAS—Considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and local thunderstorms west and south portions this afternoon and tonight Wednesday cloudy with scattered thundershowers. Fresh winds and local squalls on coast.
WEST TEXAS—Considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and local thunderstorms this afternoon, tonight Maximum temperature during the past
24 hours. 84 . _ .. ,
Minimum temperature during the past
12 hours. 62. TEMPERATURES
Tue-Mon Mon-Sun A M Hour P M. 68 67— I— 80 70 68 55— 2— 80 69
66 55— 3— 83 71
64 . 55— 4— 83 ”3
64 54— 6— 84 73 63 52— 6— 81 72
62 52— 7— 80 71
62 57— 6— 74 68
72 • 62— 9— 71 64
79 69—10— 70 62
80 74—11— 69 60
80 78—12— 67 58
By THOMAS N. BOYNTON AP Newsfeature Writer
Two million Allied soldiers now are fighting their way into the German Rhineland, which Adolf Hitler remilitarized in 1936 in defiance of the Versailles treaty, the 1925 Locarno pact and the League of Nations.
It is argued widely that had the World War I Allies countered Hitler's order to march by Immediate, united action, there might be no
Siegfried line today.
• * •
BUT THERE WAS no solid Allied stand in 1936, even after the council of the League of Nations denounced the German move and France, demanding war, manned her Maginot line. Britain warned Hitler that she was honorbound to assist Fiance and Belgium should Germany attack, but Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin said Britain hoped for a tn-partite friendship— and was “not ready for war. ’
Hitler took the signing of a mutual assistance pact between Fiance and Russia as his excuse to send some 50,000 troops into the Rhine
Sunme this morning Sunset tonight ......
. 7 !</J 7;3l
Hiller s bluff worked in March. ISM, when .FIGHTING IN-Eight years later, the Allies doggedly blas)
land between March 7 and lo, 1936 h'e’n'ara’ded 5n'(H)o"Vroops into the Rhineland in defiance of their way into the Siegfried line on land Hitler was allowed 'Old ie a mention against I P»r«ucu ju,u«u i ^ remilitarize. Here troops and a tank move through a hole
O—the ‘League of Nations.'the Versailles and Locarno treaties.
ring around the Reich." He askpd admission into the League as a
comrade instead of a conquered nation” and proposed a 25 - year French-German-Belgian peace pact. • * *
A FRENCH FOREIGN OFFICE
spokesman foresaw “war in two years” and said: “We might as well have it now while we are prepared " Poland, Russia, Belgium, Czechoslovakia and Romania supported
The Allies spluttered ineffectually but let him stay,
establish a new treaty. Germany
the French. The United States assumed an interested but “hands off” policy.
The Locarno signatories, including Britain, condemned the Ger-
turned this down as “discrimination” and demanded full rights in the peace machinery.
Economic sanctions were threating move, but sought to set up atened, but little was done. By May, 12-mile buffer strip along the France reported Germany had con-Franco-Belgian borders, limit Ger-1 structed fortifications and had 300,-man forces in the Rhineland, pro- i OOO “more or less armed men in the hibit fortifications or air fields and j Rhineland.”
blasted in “dragon s teeth” barricades near Roetgen.
mile or more wide with rugged hills rising almost from its banks
THE RHINELAND has an area
of over 10,000 square miles—larger than New Hampshire—and a population of 8,000,000. Tile Westwall
It’s Germany's “factory street,” Europe’s greatest inland waterway.
now protects its teeming war Indus- Bombing wrecked many of its
tries, cities, coal and iron mines bridges and demolitions probably
and agricultural districts. j will destroy others before the
The Rhine, itself, will present to! lies can cross and strike for tnt.
the Allies a water barrier a half-1 heart of Germany.
By JAMES M. LONG LONDON, Sept. 26.—(AP)
—Silence cloaked the ninth day of one of the most dramatic battles of the invasion —the north hank stand of isolated British “Red Devils’ who fought to keep a foothold across the Dutch Rhine.
General Eisenhower’s headquarters, imposing a security dimout of news from middle Holland, called the situation fluid. The British press declared it critical. And the German international information bureau, a propaganda agency, said the British paratroops had been wiped out.
Nothing was disclosed at Supreme headquarters to indicate whether this was true or false.
Allied air commanders, in an attempt to stop the flow of enemv troops and materiel to the Moselle and Dutch fronts, flung 1,100 Fortresses and Liberators against two vital German freight yards. With almost 3,500 tons of bombs those heavy bombers blasted the yards at Osnahruck. through which tho enemy has been funneling supplies to his forces in Holland, the very large yards at Hamm and unspecified military targets at Bremen.
The latest Information at Supreme headquarters on the Arnhem troops was more than 24 hours old. This was that the British were holding on desperately, thinly supplied by night across the quarter-mile-wide Rhine,
There was no attempt to minimize the hazard of their position —nor any indication that they were not at least in strength to hold out yet a while longer.
Even the Germans gave divided accounts of what had happened.
Almost an hour after first German report that the last of the troops had laid down (heir arms. the Berlin commentator I.udwig Sertorius Indicated they were -till fighting.
He said Lt. Gen. Sir Mi'es Dempse\’s column from tho south had thus far fai'cd *o reach “the remnants of the British First Airborne division in the area of Arnhem."
< ertainly there was nothing in the fierce British effort to build up a broader supply lifeline lo the north that would indicate any lessened urgency to Hushing power up to the Rhine.
In a swift advance northeast or Eindhoven t h e Tommies drove through Deurne and Helmond and on 15 miles north to Onloo and Mill, forging a second supply line parallel to the first and reaching from Eindhoven almost to Nijmegen.
This provided a buffer against German attacks from the east against the main supply road, but it was* still subject to hard German pressure from the west.
(A wholly unconfirmed French broadcast said Kleve eight miles inside Germany, bal fallen).
The Berlin radio also asserted that U. S. troops far to the south had launched a big push in the Epinal - Remiremont sector of France, apparently in prelude to an offensive against Belfort, 30 miles to the southeast. Belfort's fortresses guard the mountain gap into southwestern Germany.
As for Holland, the enemy asserted the fierce German blows were intended to win time and delay the "final Allied assault on Germany until winter, when defense conditions would be most favorable.”
At last reports parts of three or four Nazi divisions were hammering at the pocketed airborne soldiers fighting west of Arnhem—holding an Allied foot in the door to the German Ruhr, rich in war factories.
Amphibious trucks and assault boats of the British Sec-and army were ferrying a thin trickle of reinforcements and supplies across the upper Rhine) to the airborne men, said tly last announcements before tty Dwight I). Eisenhower imp* rd the news dimout.
This security step was dej to keep the Germans from ? jug useful information from sources in the touch-and/ tie described officially as I]
British press termed it J Accounts of troops dr were restricted and spec future developments wj vs the British r**st'we«f hrice-cut lifeline to,
See THE WAR, W