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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 25, 1962, Abilene, Texas gpbttene "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES W E SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron 82ND YEAR, NO. 101 ABILENE, TEXAS TO PAGE ONE This newly arrived season of autumn must surely best be symbolized in the Southern smalltown by the sound and sight and smell which have come along each fall since Eli Whitney's gadget went into gen- eral use, the day-and-night chug of the gin machinery, the slow pile-up of cottonflakes frosting weeds and fences around the gin yard, the pungent odor at- tendant to the processing of the cotton crop. The ginning season has start- ed again in nearly full force. Basically, the idea is the same as it was in the beginning, the separation of the cottonseed from the cotton lint. But the de- tails have changed considerably. Today's gitiner has quite a role in the entire crop cycle, says LaVerne Weaver of Pay- master, the secretary of the area West Texas Ginners Assn. The ginner may be involved in the location of proper plant- ing seed, she says. He may help get hoe hands and may get in on the war on insects. Like as not he has quarters at the gin to house harvest hands- hands he gets to the farmer as needed. When the cotton is gathered, It may travel to the gin in a gin- owned trailer not one but sev- eral bales at a time. And when the cotton is ginned, the ginner may be the cotton-buyer. Ginning is big business. The gin is an intricate assembly of expensive machinery. It may even be a "push button gin." And, it may be owned and operated by a woman. The ginners' secretary reports a couple of feminine ginners hereabouts. Mrs. James A. Lisle operates Lisle Gin at Rule. Mrs. Louis Douthit operates Louis Douthit Gin at Avoca. Mrs. Lisle is no newcomer to her line of business. She has operated the Rule gin since 1927. Tragedy, the accidental death of her husband, forced her into gin operation in the midst of the season. And she has continued, rear- ing her family, running the gin. Mrs. Douthit has been a gin- ner since the death of her hus- band in November 1960. But she has been associated in the business longer. She and her late husband met In McMurry College (she was the former Marian Miller of In 1935 she started helping out in the gin office and was well versed in the business when she had to take it over. Neither of the feminine gin- ners seems to think there's much unusual about being a feminine ginner. You just hire and supervise and work, around the clock when you have to. You invest and buy new equipment as the changing industry de- mands. You try to meet competition for this is a competitive field, the number of gins declining steadily in recent years as the ginning process is speeded, as the wagon has been replaced with the truck. You have a goodly number of "guests" at the gin, Mrs. Dou- (hit says. "It's surprising how many tourists will find a gin and stop to see and ask ques- tions." And, along with the farmer, you hope for a good crop. The crop now oncoming? So- go, the ginners say, some places good, some not. By FINIS MOTHEBSHEAD TYLER Sol Estes, the West Texas promoter who saw his farm-based financial em- pire crumble overnight, went be-' fore a state court Monday on charges of fraud, embezzlement and swindling farmers. However, defense motions slowed action to a crawl and caused extensive recesses. Dist, Judge Otis T. Dunagan ad- journed court until 9 a.m. Tues- day after Estes' defense attor- neys said they had prepared a ;MBER 25, 1962 -TWENTY-TWO PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS Aaoeiattd Frew (ff) ESTES AT TRIAL Billie Sol Estes, left, confers with his Peeos attorney, John Dennison, after Judge Otis T. Dunagan recessed the Monday session of court at lunch. (AP Wirephoto) Defense Motions Slow Estes Related stories, Pg. 4-A witnesses subpoenaed failed to an- I swer when their names were call' Mississippi Negro s Enrollment Okayed Failure of some witnesses appear handed defense attorneyllanta. Negro Says He Attended 'OleMiss' NEW YORK 35-year- old New Yorker who says he is a ight-skinned Negro said Monday he had attended the University of Mississippi as a full-time student in the 1945-46 academic year. Harry S. Murphy Jr. made the disclosure in an interview with Uayhmond Robinson of the New York Times. He said he had studied and lived on the Oxford, Miss., campus as a Navy V-12 student. The V-12 program was a com- bination academic and officer raining course. After four years, lavy men attending the program at a university were graduated with a college degree and re- ceived commissions as ensigns. Murphy, who said his Navy per- sonnel records had erroneously jsted him as white or Caucasian Because of his fair skin, said he eft the university when the V-12 unit disbanded in May 1946. He said he later enrolled at Morehouse College, a Negro for men in his native At Entry Opposed By Gov. Barnett NEW ORLEANS, La. Under threat of court contempt, the Mississippi State College Board Monday agreed to enroll Jamei. H. Meredith, a Negro, in all-white University of Mississippi. The 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals set a 4 p.m. Tuesday deadline for his registration. The board offered to register Meredith at Jackson, the Missis- sippi State capital which is 130 miles closer to New Orleans than is the University of Mississippi campus at Oxford. Meredith's attorneys agreed. But these agreements did not take into account Gov. Ross Bar- nett of Mississippi, who has sworn to go to jail rather than enroll a Negro in a Mississippi school. During die day, when the col lege board was being forced into action, Barnett did these things 1. Got a state court order for- Turtle told the board that Hs show of compliance must include revocation of two resolutions passed by the board in the face of the Meredith strip- ping university administrative at- 'icials of any authority to register Meredith and another giving Bar- nett authority to act as registrar. When Meredith's lawyer asked for the court to insure that Mere- dith got a dorm room Judge Tub- tie said: "He (Meredith) is to be ad- mitted as a student and treated as every other student. H they (Uie university) fail to do that, then I think that will be another matter for another citation." PICKETS BACK BARNETT When the contempt hearing of the Mississippi College Board opened in New Orleans Monday, pickets backing Mississippi Gov. Ross Barnett's segregation policy showed up outside the federal building. The contempt action grew out of an attempt by James H. Meredith, a Ne- which orders state to ar gro, to enter the University of Mississippi. (AP Wire- rest wyaDK wno tries to arrest photo) Mevedith and Meredith from trying to enroll. 2 Issued executive order John Cofer another opportunity for what was expected all along to be an attempt to delay the trial. Cofer, 64, veteran of many sen- sational criminal cases, long has has contended that the public motion for a continuance but been so well informed about Es- needed time to whip it into form, tes that a jury fair to his client Earlier in the hearing defense'cannot be obtained, even though attorneys demanded that Dunagan this East Texas city is about 500 stop picture taking and radio and television broadcasting in the courtroom. Judge Dunagan ruled against :he defense, saying, "I have in- vited the TV people and the people and the newspapers." Full reporting by all news out- lets long has been the custom in most Texas state courts. miles from Estes' headquarters in Pecos. An earlier attempt to try the lapsed when lists The judge officialJy called 'the Biased' case at a.m. and almost im-iu mediately recessed it until hausted largely because the veniremen had formed opinions about the defendant. Judge Dunagan expressed opti- mism that his court could find 12 persons for the trial while the list of witnesses1. The 37-year-old Estes faces at p.m. was checked. least three other trials. One is in federal court in El Then it was recessed again until !paso on ch similar to those p.m. while the defense preParedlhere additional motions. About 40 of the more than 100 starements to a federal indict- ment in Dallas alleging false Nasser Gives Up Powers CAIRO (API-President Gamal Abdel Nasser told his country- men Monday night that he will turn over executive powers of government to a collective head- ed by his closest political aide, Aly Sabry. Sabry, 42, a former wing com- mander in the Egyptian air force, has acted as diplomatic trouble shooter from the earliest days of the Nasser revolution and has long been in the Cabinet as min- ister of presidential affairs. Other revolutionaries have home more resounding titles but have had less influence with Nas- Credit Corp. The third is a state indictment in Amarillo accusing him of violating Texas' anti-trust laws in retailing anhydrous am- monia fertilizer. Estes, free on bonds totaling appeared in court Mon- day in black suit and tie and white shirt. Estes remained poker faced as usual. Outside the courtroom he See ESTES, Pg. 10-A, Col. 3 ser. Nasser's announcement said Sabry would be prime minister pulled to the curb. in a cabinet to be called the Ex ccutive Council, a post that will as chief of state. Bill to Raise Postal Rate, Pay Hike Passed in Senate By JERRY T. BAULCH WASHINGTON (AP) A bill to raise letter and postcard post- age a penny, boost other mail rates and provide a pay increase for 1.6 million federal workers was approved Monday for Senate action. The Senate Post Office and Civil Service Committee finally trapped up the dual measure ex- actly eight months after the House passed a bill solely confined to postal rate increases. In addition to amending the bill to add the pay raises, the commit- tee in a unanimous vote moved to soften the impact of the rate increases on business firms. And it loosened a House-voted ban on Communist propaganda in mails. wouW jack it to (post office deficit. The cents to 3V4 cents The Sen- committee pared the expected come from the rate increase to million and voted mil- lion in pay increases for the 000 postal employes. Approximately one million other classified Civil Service workers would get an over-all pay increase. Congressional em- ployes would get an average 7 per cent increase. Some retired Civil Service employesjfice of any mail determined by would get a 5 per cent increase in pension a cost of about million a year. Effective Jan. 7, 1963, the first- class letter rate would go from 4 But Committee Chairman Olin D. Johnston, D-S.C., told news- men he is confident both the Sen- ate and House will pass the com- bined measure. The Senate is ex- pected to take it up later this week. Last Jan. 24, the House passed a rate bill designed to bring in million a year more in postal revenues and end the perennial the I to 5 cents, postcards from 3 to 4 cents, airmail from 7 to 8 cents Brothers Protest Coverage of TYLER (AP) While lawyers maneuvered inside the county courthouse and spectators waited to learn whether Billie Sol Estes would go to trial, a pickup truck On the side facing the courthouse it bore a silver sign the length "TV and radio will be unfair to Estes. Click your camera on Castro." Two brothers sat on the grass and watched as photographers snapped pictures. They identified themselves as Frank Rigdon, 30, make him chief of government, of the truck bed and nearly as and njs brother AUon Rig- with Nasser, now 44, continuing tall. In neat black letters was this message: House Sends President Authorizing Reserve Gallup By GARDNER L. BRIDGE support of the measure. Against it WASHINGTON (AP) The were 2 and 11 Repub- House passed and sent to Prcsi iteil Kennedy Monday a bill au< Ihorizing him to mobilize if the situation in Cuba or elsewhere grows more threat- ening. The measure was paused by a Mi-ID roll call vote after several Republicans questioned its value. On (he final tally 1.11 Repub- Joined 111 hi licans. The 13 negative votes were cast by Reps. Fred Marshall, D-MInn and Olin E. Tcague, and these Republicans: Bruce Alger, Texas, John M. Ashbrook, Ohio, Robert R. Barry, New York. Walt- er L. McVey, Kansas, Noah M. Mason. Illinois, Robert H. Michel, Illinois. John II. Ray, New York, Katharine St. George, New Eugene Siler, Kentucky, John Ta ber, New York and James B. Utt. California. Democratic leaders urged the House to Rive Kennedy what he asked for to strengthen his hand in dealing with limited emergen- ment. The House responded by shout- ing down a series of amendment! MHRKVM, U-A, M. 1 don, 42, owners of a Tyler sheet metal works. 'We came here from Jackson ville, Fla., nine months ago and hat sign says how we said Brother Buck nodded agreement as he continued: It looks to us like somebody ought to be doing something about all those Cubans coming to this think Estes can get a (air trial with air those 'cameras in the courtroom." Dlst. Judge Otis T. Dunagan still cameramen could shoot pic- lures If the Estes care goes to trial in his courtroom. There was no indication whether the Judge and airmail cards from 5 to 6 cents. Both Senate and House ver- is would bring an estimated 5437.8 million a year from these increases. Newspaper and magazine sec- ond-class rates would go up in .hrce annual percentage 1963, 1964 and 1965. There would be a boost of 4 per cent each of he three years on the per pound editorial content charge and 10 per cent increase each year on the advertising content charge. This was substituted for a 1-cent-per-piece handling charge voted by the House and opposed vigorously by publishers in the committee's hearings. The Senate bill would add million in three years under the second-class changes, the House jill million. The committee changed drastic- ally increases voted by the House third-class mail some members of Congress call it. For example the House bill would raise ;harg< the minimum per for circulars from r fine a state official. Just before the long hearing in Sew Orleans ended, the Missis- sippi Highway Patrol announced 24-hour standby alert. It didn't say why. Meredith told newsmen after the hearing: "I've been admitted a lot of times before." A Justice Department spokes- man in Washington said the de- partment had been advised of the ward's agreement and he added, 'We're making arrangements for Meredith to register." Asked whether this meant Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy was tele- phoning Barnett as he had done several times in recent days in an attempt to settle the contrc- the department spokesman said. "I can't say at this time." Judge Elbert P. Tuttle, Atlanta, a., presiding, said the court ound the board members did wil- ully and intentionally violate the lesegregation order. he added, "no or- der is being entered immediately regarding their guilt." Judge Tuttle then asked if the and urged the Senate to eliminate members were "ready and will- to take such action as to com- ply with the injunction." Board Chairman Tom Tubb, speaking for the 12 members of the 13-member board who were present, told the court the board will comply with any order of the court. One of the 13 members was lOspitalized in Jackson, Miss. But le confirmed by telephone that he would join the other 12 in their action. Robert B. Ellis, registrar, one of three top Ole Miss officials also summoned to the hearing, was instructed to register Mere- dith no later than 4 p.m. Tues- day. cents by the third year. The Senate bill would bring in an extra million annually for third-class mail at the end of the third year, the House bill million. One knotty problem met by the committee in its final session in- volved a rider added to the House rate bill by Rep. Glenn Cunning- ham, R-Neb. It would have bar- red him handling by the post of- the attorney general to be Com- munist political propaganda. The administration said this would lead to many complications it. WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Bl'REAI! (Weather Map. Face 2-B) ABILENE AND VICINITY (Radius c 40 cloudy with no inn portant temperature chanties Tuestia: or Wednesday. A few widely scattered showers predicted Tuesday night. Hich Tuesday and Wednesday 85 to Low Tuesday 65 to 70. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Clou uesday and Wednesday. Scatter... ..lowers and a few thundcrshowers mainly north Tuesday, Cooler Tuesday High Tuesday 80 northwest, 88 southeast, NORTHWEST TEXAS Tuesday and Wednesday. Scattered showers and a few thundershowers Tuesday. Warmer extreme north Tuesday. High Twsdaj 75 north. 90 extreme souHi. SOUTHWEST TEXAS: iness north and clear Increasing cloud to cloudy els< Tuesday. Wednesday partly cloudy md chance of few showers. High Tues lay 86-96. TEMPER ATVBES 70 63 69 68 67 65 70 73.......... 77 Mon. BO 81 Hieh 11.00 12'00 low for 24-tiours ending p.m.: 87 and 65 HiRh and low same date last year "Sunset last nlpht: sunrise today: sunset tonight: Barometer reading at 9 p.m.: NEWS INDEX SECTION A Obiluarits 2 Spoiti...............8, Oil newt 11 SECTION B Amusements 2 Women's news J Editorials Comics 5 TV Scout Radio-TV logs Farm news, markets..... 10 EUGENE C. PEARCE 47 years at post office Former Postal Official Dies; Riles Today Eugene C. Pearce, 73, of 1225 Vine, lifelong Abilene resident and retired superintendent of mails, died at a.m. Monday after suffering a heart attack in a doc- or's office. He was pronounced de-ad in the physician's office. Funeral will be held at .i.m. Tuesday in the First Baptist Chapel with Dr. Elwin Skiles, pas- lor, officiating. Burial will be in Elrnwood Memorial Park under direction of Kiker-Warren Funeral Borne. Mr. Pearce was born July 25, 1889 in Abilene and was married to Ruth Farris here in 1923. He was a member of the Abilene post office staff from 1909 until 1936, when he retired as superin- tendent of mails. He was a grad- ate of Abilene High School and attended Simmons College, now Hardin-Simmons University. He was a member of the First Baptist Church. Abilene Hotary Club and Victory Men's Bibto Class at the First Baptist Church. Mr. Pearce joined the post office here on March when there 'ere only three carriers for the city of Abilene. He was promoted to superintendent of mails Aug. 10, 1927 and held that position untu his retirement. Surviving are his wife; daughters, Mrs. Mary Ruth Hart See OFFICIAL, Pg. 10-A, Col. 1 16 Missing in Plane Crash Hunted BY DENNIS NEELD LONDON (AP) Ships ami planes combed the dark, stormy country and putting people out of Atlantic early Tuesday for the 16 work like they did us in Florida. Americans still missing from the "That's the reason we put up crash of a chartered U.S. airliner survivors from the storm-lashed Atlantic Monday six hours after .he four-engine airliner bounced roavily into the churning waters! with three of its engines dead. The British Admiralty reported Ihl, 'Ss. we'don't Sio mile; west o, Irdand. Hope early faded that any would be found alive. In all, there were persons aboard the Flying Tiger Line Su- per Constellation (hat ditched in the North Atlantic Sunday night with its load of American serv Icemen and their families on a flight to Frankfurt, Germany. were known dead and their bod- ies recovered. A spokesman at the U.S. Air Force Base at Prcst- wick Scotland, reported earlier that at least one other body had been sighted but not recovered. Two children were among the missing. 'It is beginning to look M a IXIH W f Ifliimiii i. t A Swto iwHtd Unw not b. aqr mm reported a Royal Air Force officer organizing search operations at Plymouth. He said it was almost certain that four of the six life rafts car- ried by the plane had been ac- counted for and that the two others probably were destroyed. "The two others were stored in the port wing and this a believed to have been torn ell or badly damaged on RAF officer said. There apparently was no panic during the frightening minutes the Super Constellation, flying on one motor, tott Mtftt ttMUbr eventually jarred into Atlantic. A radio conversation the skip- per of the plane, Capt. John D. Murray, 44, Oyster Bay, N.Y.- safe aboard a rescue with the pilot of aircraft was reported. were able to get few din- ghies launched from the Murray said, awwty of those aboard. "We could not haw manafrf R the way we did U KM the passengera had "M Murtd ;