Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 24, 1954, Abilene, Texas
CLEARtoorter -Bettiii Mn»*í»E'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIV. NO, 100Assm inled Pré» (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPT. 24, 1954—TWENTY-SIX PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
11 Men Chosen H-Bomb Takes
Its First Life
SOME RIOTEKS Sl'RRENDER — Armed prison guards and state patrolmen stand guard as a small group of prisoners are ordered from a prison building on the grounds of the Missouri State Penitentiary in Jefferson City, Mo.
Four Prisoners Die Before Missouri Ends Worst Riot
JEFFERSON CITY. Mo.. St'pt 23 .P»—The mo.st disastrous not in its history was brought under control today at the fire blackened Missouri State Penitentiary.
Four prisoners were killiKl and 30 other prisoners and three guards were injure<l in a savage 15-hour revolt led by a small group of incorrigible prisoners.
Seven prison buildincs were destroyed and three others damaged as the cursinji. shouting convicts set out on a path of destruction Damage High Preliminary estimate.- of the damage by prison officials ranged from three to five million dollars Prompt mobilization of nearly 11.000 state highway trootiers. policemen from neighboring cities and Missouri National Guardsmen was credited with breaking the back of the riot and preventing a whole.sale break by many of the 3,28.'» inmates.
Only about 300 prisoners were actually involvesi in the abortive break for freedom.
Convicts gave many reasons for the abnuH uprising, but a guard said he believed it stemmed from di.tsalisfaction with green water-meliMi served at supwr last night Other am viols said the cause was poor food generally.
Guards Seiz«‘d IShatever the reason, the trouble began about 6 p.m m the maximum security hall. Within a matter ot miiiuies 81 convicts seized four guards and the disturbance tlured into the pnson yard.
The amvicts were driven back by gunfire from advancing highway patrol tiooj[H‘is, who just thra' months ago had been alertt'd to pu.s.sible mobilization for jiL'l such an emergency.
Rut It wasn't until this morning —15 hours later—that the last of the sullen, embittertHl convict rioters were back in their cells Helween the beginning and the end of Uie outbreak, pri.stmers .vet fire to buildings, wreckai cells, windows and furniture and floodc'd cell blocks.
But despite the ugly imxKt of the pri-soners. the four guards taken tKcstage were releasiHi or escaped alive One made his escain* when friendly convicts suppliai him with an inmate's cap and shirt and escorltHl him to the main entrance
Governor Arri^ev Gov. Phil M Donnelly, who rushed from his hoim* to llie pris on shortly after the not broke out said It wa.s fortunate that more lives weren't lost One of Uie guards was severely beaten. Another was Imaten or dropped from some building Another was shot in the f<Hit While they had no firearms, the convicts had a wide assortment of weapons
The outbreak In'gan when .several of the more troulile.some pri.soiiers on the third floor of E hall jumiHKl several guards through a ru-se. faking illne.ss. took their keys ami iH’gan to liberate the other prisoners.
Within half an hour from 50<i to 600 oonvicts were out in the pruson yard a surging. howUng mob nuu’der iH'iit
Rioter Cuts Throot,
Tongue of Convict
For Gaither Murder Trial
ANSON, Sept. 23. — Only one man was needed to complete a jury to try W'illard F. (Bill) Gaither when Judge Owen Thomas recessed 104th District Court late Thursday.
Four men remain on the special venire for the selection of the last juror. The defense has exhausted all 15 of its allowed peremptory challenges and the state can still excuse three of the veniremen without stating reasons. having used only 12 peremptories.
Three jurors chosen Thursday are:
C. L. Adams, Hamlin farmer, member of the Church of Christ, sworn in at 1:35 p.m.
Roy Thorn, Anson wholesale gasoline dealer, member of the Church of Christ, sworn in at 3:25 p.m.
Haskell Bartlett, Anson rancher, Baptist, sworn in at 5 p m.
The last three jurors were selected from among 33 veniremen questioned Thursday, the fourth day of the trial. .Mtorneys have examined a total of 128 prospective jurors.
Judge Thomas said Thursday he has not considered calling additional veniremen. .\t the close of the Thursday court session Special Prasecutor Esco Walter of .Abilene said. “We’ll get the last juror from among the four men remaining **
Testimony is expected to begin as soon as the jury is completed.
FROM A, H-BOMBS
TOKYO. Friday, Sept. 24 (Jv-A Japanese fisherman who was dusted by radioactive ash from a U.S. hydrogen bomb—and became the focal point of tension between Japan and the United States—died last night.
Japanese doctors listed Aikichi Kyboyama. 40. as probably the world’s first hydrogen bomb casualty. they said he died of jaundice brought on by radiation sickness and a generally weakened condition.
Dr. Shigenobu Kuriyama. vice director of Tokyo Nationalist Hos-1 pital. said flatly “radiation sick-! ness was the cause of death.” H-Bomb Dust
U.S. doctors have said Kuboya-ma and other fishermen from the ! Lucky Dragon, accidentally dusted ' by an H-bomb blast off Bikini ,\iarch 1, could be suffering from jaundice resulting from blood transfusions. Japanese doctors ; challenged this view and refused to allow the Americans to make thorough examinations of the victims.
In Rochester. N.Y., Dr. John J. Morton, director of the American Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, confirmed that the Japanese never allowed Americans “to treat or even examine the victim.” He speculated that the immediate cause of death “probably never will be known.”
U.S. Ambassador John M. Allison issued a statement saying: “I
speak on behalf of the government and the people of the United States in expressing extreme sorrow and regret at this most unhappy event.”
State Minister Masazumi Ando, in charge of H-bomb damage negotiations with the United States said Kuboyama’s death “is a misfortune for all mankind.” He expressed hope in a statement that the United States would take “a sincere attitude from a humanitar- j ian standpoint.” I
In Washington, a spokesman for the Japanese Embassy said Kub-yama’s death would bring a highly emotional and sharp reaction from the Japanese. He commented:
“Our people are very sensitive to anything affecting atomic energy and the H-bomb as a result of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (atom ! bombed during the war). With the exception of a few scientists, no other people in the world have ex-1 perienced the A-bomb. Our people I have suffered.”
The death had caught them by ; surprise because Kyboyama had appeared to be winning out against a coma.
Without Russia, Dulles Asserts
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Sept. 23 m — Secretary of State Dulles today called for the creation by next year at least of an international agency for the peaceful use of atomic energy despite the refusal of Russia to cooperate.
In new and daring moves. Dulles also proposed to an intently listening U.N. Assembly that the U.N. convene next spring an international scientific conference to consider the whole vast subject.
In his important policy speech to the Assembly and in a letter formally stating the United States is raising this atomic issue as a new item in the Assembly, Dulles made it clear the United States will go ahead outside the U.N. and in concert with those
Predictions on Radiation Attacked by AEC Doctor
SURRENDERS AFTER BEING WOUNDED — .Armed prison officials, left, watch as a wounded rioter is assisted through prison doors by other inmates during the outbreak at the Missouri State Penitentiary in Jefferson City, Mo. ______
PAPERS NOT SERVED
Builders Keep Busy Despite Stop Order
KEHSON CITY. Mo. Si'pt.
- — Uiuierworld vi*ni:eaiu-0 t up with amvui l.a* l>ou-liose throat was slashal and jiigue cut out by a lt*Uow ler in the Missouri i>eniten riot.
29year old Itonnell turned witnesses at St lawiis in 19.»3 ..stifled btdore a Circuil Uuurt I Jury there whuh indicted ind four others for a hold up tad bt'en feartul of his Uie
Con.'truction of a building near | the new high scIuh»! was still un-dorv^ay late Thursday after Judge J H Black granted the City ol Abilene a temfwrary restraining order again.st con.slruction of the structure.
The order was granunl against Wosiwoxl Dcv'lopment Co ot Abilene. Inc,, and its president, Arthel Henson
Deputy Sheritf Fred Owenby. who serves -eivil citations for the sheriff s office, said he was unable to serve the icmptirary re.straining order Thursday, because Henson Wits out of town. Dvsenby said he would serve Uie order Friday morning
Hearing Set Oct. f
City .\ttorney .\lex Biekley filed the injunction suit Thursday morning in Black's 42nd District Court. Both the development company and Henson are named as defendants.
BUuk set a hearing for t>ci 2 at 10 a 111 on the city's aiH>hcation for a permanent injunction
Excav.ition for the hudding'f foundation is underway on the we.st side of North Mik’kingbird Lane at North Sixth St U is liH'ated acios.' tlie street from the new Abilene High Schoid
Hcn.'Oii was deniai a city buihi-ing |H»rmit reiently for a service slaUon at this same site.
The city bases its injunction suit on the fact that the City Commi.s-sion IS already in the priKess of annexing the site into Uve city.
Zoning for Uie property is set in the ordinance as Zone B. two-family residences, which doesn't permit business buddings.
In asking the injunction, the city attorney said the Henson structure is apparenUy to be a business building.
Henson and associates recently lost a battle of many months with the city in their efforts to gain permission to build a shopping center in this same general area.
HOUSTON, Tex.. Sept. 23 Ifv-Dr. John C. Bugher. chief of the Atomic Energy' Commission medical division, said today there have been loo many “reckless and uncritical” predictions on what radiation from A-bomb and H-bomb explosions will do to heredity.
For example, he said, “we have dire predictions of many monsters and even the obliteration of mankind itself from radiation exposures.” He called this a distortion of emphasis.
However, in reference to immediate or relatively early effects of a bomb burst. Dr. Bugher said a sufficient amount of radiation frtan a bomb burst itself could be fatal and that under certain conditions a “highly radioactive fallout” of wind-carried materials “may be lethal following an exposure of only a few hours.”
The text of his speech, prepared for an industrial health conference, was released prior to the announcement from Tivkyo that death had taken a Japanese fisherman dusted by radioactive ash 80 miles frwn the U.S. H-bomb blast at Bikmi on March 1.
In the speech. Bugher said the : United States has H-bombs having ' “milions of tons” of TNT expl<»-sive equivalent—and that an H-bomb of only one milliop ton TNT i equivalent would have the explo- ¡ sive power of a 20-mile-long line | of ships each contaming 2,000 tons! of high explosives. It was such a single ship, he said, whose explosion in a harbor devastated the j city of Halifax during World War I.
CHEST SEEKING WOMEN WORKERS
Women volunteers are needed at the Community Chest headquarters at North Third and Vt alnut Sts.
E W. Berry sent out the call Thunsday for more helpers to sort cards and do other work around the office in preparation for the Chest drive. They are needed between 9 and 11 a m. and 1 and 4 p m,. Dr. Sterling Price, Chest drive chairman, said.
GOP Cutting Red Danger, Nixon Says
INDIANAPOUS, Sept. 23 (J*-Vice President Richard M. Nixon said tonight the Eisenhower administration is destroying the Com-1 munist conspiracy in this country i and predicted the GOP will retain control of Congress.
Concluding an eight-state campaign tour, Nixon declared the administration “has finally put the Reds on the run in America” and said Democrats and Independents who supported Eisenhower in 1952 will vote Republican again this year.
The vice president, in a speech prepared for a statewide Republican rally at Butler University fieldhouse. accused the “noisy Left w mg of the Truman administration” of opposing legal weapons needed to combat “the Commu-' nist fifth column which made a shambles of our domestic security.”
Nixon credited the Eisenhower administration and the 83rd Con- j gress with a “magnificent three-1 way record” of strengthening m-j ternal security ~ by vigorous en- j forcement of existing laws, new laws giving the Justice Department “more effective legal weapons” against Reds, and driving Communists from government jobs through the security risk program.
nations desiring to take part in the broad program. He indicated, however, the U.N. will be kept informed of developments.
He also made it clear that the Russians were welcome to come along if they wished but that at any rate the United States will not accept the familiar Russian “nyet” a.s a final block to the program first enunciated by President Eisenhower to the U.N. Assembly last Dec. 8.
Dulles disclosed that the Russians only yesterday, having heard he would deal with this subject in his talk today, had offered to resume conversations I'n the pool for peaceful uses of the atom. But, he said, they showed no sign of receding from the (^position expressed months ago.
Vishinsky to Talk
.Andrei Y. Vishinsky, top Soviet delegate, said there is a 1(^ to be said about Dulles' speech but he would wait until he makes his owTi speech. The Russian may speak Monday.
Selwyn Lloyd, British minister of state, said his government will support the proposals and be a member of the agency. He and a number of other delegates outside the Iron Curtain countries showed great interest and indicated wide support for Dulles’ ideas. Lloyd said Britain was consulted at every step in the formulation of the proposals.
In response to Dulles’ letter, an announcement tonight said, the Assembly’s 15 - nation Steering Committee will meet Saturday to consider additiiHi of a new item to the agenda:
“International cooperation in de-
See DULLES. Pf. 2-.A. Col. S
EDGAR DAVIS , . appointed for ’54
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Eisenhower Sounds Call For Republican Congress
I.DS ANGELES. Sept, 23 W) —President Elsenhower liwight sounded a fighting call for election of another Republican Congress and declared loss to the IVmocrals would tend towrard “endless political maneuvering», stagnation and inaction."
Slugging hard for the firit time in the congressional election campaign, the President told a political rally in HollywirkÌ Bowl that recapture of the legislative branch by the iHunisition party wi»uld lead to "a field day” m Washington politics
The chief executive voiced con-fideiK'e the Republicans will maintain control of CiMigress in the November elections l»ecause, as he pul it, ”we have deliveral" on the promises he made to the people In the 1952 campaign.
In hit prepared text, Eisenhower reviewed the first 20 month» of hi» administration and cited rea»ons— "the aMiipellmg reason»’* — why rompletion of thu pnigram requires the election ol a Republican led Congress
^Ajiiong oUier ihing». he detdared.
"We at last deal effecliveb’ i*ith the Communist conspiracy in the United States”-»and. taking a iwat at the Truman administration, he addai that the Eisenhower admin-UstraluRi “does not look uptm the Communist menace as a red herring.”
Cre4llt to Ccingres»
For what he termtHl effective ointrol of that menace, the President gave the GOP run 83rd Congress much of the creilit.
Ei.xenhoaer also declared that since he to»>k office there is “clean uo\ei ament" in Washington, that taxes have been reduce*! r/.400.-ikW.ikkF ’ the biggest cut in the history of the l^nUed Slates, that fe*ieral siviuling has been »lashed by more than II billion doHai», am! that the nation now ha» a pios-(yeruus econtuiiy that isn t based either on war or "the froth of inflation.''
In another poke at the Democrat* and the tax icandali of the Truman adminislralU« day», Eisenhower said, “The tax laws have been applied without poUf.cal fa-vorilism and without airruption
la the foreign affair» ft«M, the
President had this to say:
“We have brought realism where there was wishful thinking. We have brought frankness, candor and force to foreign policy which at last insists on distinguishing words fn,ym deeds in the conduct of the affairs of the world.” Defense Improved .And on national defense ihe President dexJared:
"... Today, at a cos! of billions less, we have an armed strength far more efficient and better organized than ever before —a defense stronger and readier in peacetime than it has ever been”
Eisenhower flew to L*wi .Angeles from the Pacific Northwest on the third leg on a Uuwniay aerial campaign tour of Montana. A'ash-ington, (^gon and California.
Tomorrow morning the President will speak informally in Lo« Aagele» at the annual convention of the American Federation of Labor, which wants the Tail* Hartley Act amended and which has been firing criucuni at the adiumistration.
300 io Attend Pre-Game Dinner For Rotarians
Annual interoity meeting of the .Abilene and Sweetwater Rotar> , ji / r-
Clubs will be held at « p m. Friday : ^ ''‘‘‘“■J'
in the wonien-s buildm* at Fair
Davis Heads Dii Division In Chest Drive
Edgar Davis, prominent Abilene rancher and oilman, has accepted an appointment as drive chairman for the Oil and Gas division for the .Abilene Community Chest’s 1954 campaign. The announcement was made by Dr. Sterling Price, general drive chairman.
Davis has selected as his co-chairman W. W. Wilson. John Dc Ford and Ray Jenkins are assistants. The 1954 campaign is scheduled to open Oct. 12. with a monetary goal of $110,000.
Davis, a man whose business ability has brought him up from the ranks of an oilfield worker to the presidency of a successful oil company, is president of W’esl Central Drilling Co.
.As owner of over 12,000 acres of ranchland, Davis has taken a prominent post among area cattlemen. He was one of the leaders in the organization of the Taylor
The two Rotary clubs meet together each year on the date of the Abilene-Sweetwalw football game at the town in which the game is played.
.Ab*}ut 300 people are expected to attend the dinner-meeting with the Sweetwater group being in charge of the program.
Special guests and families of Rotary Club members are invited to the meeting
Usual custom of the group is to attend the football game after the annual dinner meet.
BiU Blakney is chairman of the intercity relations committee of the clubs. H W’ McDade is president of the .Abilene Rotary Club.
committee for the 1953 Abilene Fat Stock Show and Exposition.
The Oil and Gas chairman moved to Abilene in 1941, and was named head of West Central in November. 1943 Prior to that time he had been active in the development of dual completions in the Wimberly Pool, and aided in the discovery of the Reddin PooL He was formerly superintendeni of drilling operations of the Butler and Horne Drilling Co., of Dallas.
Fall Arrives; Mild Weather Prevails
By THE .ASStK'l.ATED PRESS
Rainclouds dropped moisture along the borders of Texas 'Thursday, and prospects were that the entire state would get at least some ram by Sunday.
A cool froal. almost identical to t)>e one which moved into Texas earlier in the week, was reported coming in from the north, bringing the forecast of scattered showers Friday and general moisture Satur*! ay.
Two points reported rain. Brownsville with 20 inch and El Paso with OS inch.
Recent showers in Mason County were reporte*! to have put two feet of water in the Uano River for the first time in more than a month near Castell
El Paso wzto tbA coolest, with a high of 79. AUce’» 94 wa» thf high, k
hiigh Crime Rote
W ASHINGTON Chief J.
Edgar Hoover says crime in America will reach a rei'ord high this y ear if the present rate keeps up.
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Word ods will be received urstil 4PM each doy except Saturday when 12 00 noon is closing time, Spoce ods will be taken «¿ntll 12 00 noon Friday,