Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 24, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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SUNDAYWITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRII SDS OR TOES WE SKF IC TOI R WORLD EXACTLY AS I ' GOES "-Bvron
rOL. LXIV, NO. 98
A TEXAS NEWSPAPERABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 24, 1944 -THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Press (AP) united Pres, (yj>.)PRICE FINE GENTSTommies Reach 'Lost Division’
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BRITISH TROOPS MARCH FORWARD—British tanks in the town of Valkenswaard on the way to Eindhoven. (Signal Corps Radiotelephoto from NEA Telephoto)
Reds Take Parnu
Riga's Fall Seems Near
PELELIU MARINES MAKE GAIN OVER TOUGH ENEMY
4 LONDON, Sunday, Sept. 24 —(AP)— Russian troops racing across Estonia reached the west coast yesterday, capturing the port of Parnu jn the Gulf of Riga and sealing off thousands of Germans in a week-end O'" ic ■,siC!c which is estimated to have cost the enemy eight divisions, or 80,-000 men.
ii The Red army aided by an Estonian corps captured Parnu In another two-miles-an-hour advance from Paide, 50 miles to the northeast, and its fall cut the land escape routes '4>r thousands of a oewildered foe caught between Parnu and Tallinn, captured Estonian capital 72 miles to the north.
At sea Red naval planes pursued some German ships which escaped from Tallinn with troops aboard, ’^hiring Friday the Soviet airmen sank ll of these evacuation vessels, and apparently thousands of . Germans perished in the Gulf of Finland.
The fall of Giga, Latvian capital 97 miles south of Parnu, appeared Imminent as four powerful Soviet armies pressed the speedy cleanup of Estonia and Latvia in sensational gains. Some Russian units were fighting in Riga’s outer southern dell tenses, and Red artillery was laying down barrages on Nazi positions in the strategic city. The Soviet victories in Estonia and Latvia were regarded merely n.s the forerunner of great- attacks on East Prussia, in Poland and on Hungary. They shortened the front bv more than 120 miles, gave the Red fleet new bases and the air force fields from which the Russians can control two-thirds of the Baltic sea.
Moscow dispatches also said that yin entry into pre-war Hungary was imminent, and an unconfirmed French radio broadcast said the Red army already had crossed the Hungarian border and was “advancing in the direction of Budapest,” Magyar capital.
The fall of Parnu represented another 50-mile leap by Marshal Leonid A Govorov's Leningrad army forces in 24 hours.
Govorov’s troops were engaged Aln a race to envelop scores of
Bee RUSSIANS, Pg. 13, Col. 7
By Tlu* Associated Press
Hard fighting Marines on Peleliu island knifed through the stubborn Japanese defenders for a gain of a thousand yards northward and are now in possession of three fourths of the island, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz announced in a communique Saturday.
o The communique said that at sundown on Friday total 1 enemy troops known to have been killed on Peleliu were I 7,020, and on nearby Anguar,
1 Yanks of the 81st (Wildcat) division accounted for 950 Nipponese.
Advancing toward the northern end of Peleliu, the Navy said Marines were moving “slowly but steadily.”
Supporting the ground forces, carrier-based palnes carried out a raid
Milk Fund Total Goes to $201.85
.... —— ,------- — ----- Total donations to the city free
on Yap, northwest cf the Palaus, fUn(j for undernourished and
against what was termed ‘‘few underprivileged children had risen
nmrthwhilo farers ” There UHS tin t() £201.85 this mottling, With $54
Day s Fights
LONDON, Sept. 23—(AP)— At least 27 German planes were destroyed in a series of dogfights over Holland today as a great armada of American and British glider-towing transports delivered thousands of fresh troops and supplies to help efforts to relieve the “lost division" in the Arnhem area.
The transports flew through blinding flak to accomplish their mission.
The daring trip was carried out in the late afternoon with the aid of a sudden break in the weather. Th? German radio later warned that night bombers, which had been held back for several days by weather. were over the Reich acain.
A sizeable fleet of RAF Mitchell and Boston bombers based in France joined in the battle for bomb-scarred Calais by striking at two strong points almost at the water's edge in that cliv. The returning crews said their bombs straddled positions to which the Germans were clinging hopelessly with their hacks to the sea.
The Mediterranean - based forces, which have been hitting Hungary and Yugoslavia daily, struck in medium strength at industrial targets in Sudeten-lat\d. Pome announced, and also hit railway yards in southern Austria and seven bridges in northeastern Italy.
It was announced also that Mitchell bombers had found the Italian cruiser Taranto at the port of La Spezia and left her burning fiercely from three attacks.
The Sudetenland targets were bombed through intense anti-aircraft fire, overcast and smoke screen, so that results were not observed. Good results were reported, however, on the Austrian rail yards.
From Cairo It was announced the RAF set fire to a I.OOO-ton vessel at Samos island in the continuing campaign to hamper or prevent German evacuation of the Aegean islands.
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MAJOR DRIVE—Germans mount counter-attacks (open arrows) around the airborne army south of Arnhem while the British Second Army attempted drive to a junction with this force. The Second Army enters Germany north of Kleve, Canadians enter Neuzen and Assende. Other Nazi attacks come at Turnhout and east of Aachen where the U. S. 1st Army has the town encircled. (NEA Telemap).
ROOSEVELT CHARGES GOP IMITATES OBVIOUS FRAUD
WASHINGTON, Sept. 23—(AP)—President Roosevelt opened his fourth term campaign tonight with a hard hitting speech accusing the Republican opposition of attempting to claim credit for the New Deal, and termed it imitation of “the most obvious common or garden variety of fraud.
Speaking before the AFL Teamsters union, the president said the “whole purpose
Thousands of Glider Troops Rush to Aid
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION-ARY FORCE, Sept. 23—(AP)-British Second Army pat-! rols tonight forged a tenuous link with units of the 'lost
division” of airborne troops in the Arnhem sector in Holland, and thousands of British and American glider troops, with large amounts of supplies, were flow n in despite strong opposition to reinforce Lt. Gen. Miles C. Dempsey's hard-slugging I rescue troops.
A late front dispatch said the situation in the Arnhem sector remained serious, even as the Second Army, after a bloody six-mile relief march, hurled shells across the river into enemy lines ringing the valiant sky troops just aquarter of a mile away from the hardwon British position on the north bank of the Rhine.
The British advance was punched out through enemy strength, and extremely heavy | fighting continued in the
i, Victim Of Hit-and-Run
worthwhile targets.” There was no explanation of this phrase.
Alert patrol vessels sighted seven Japanese barges Friday in the narrow channel between Peleliu and Ngesuebus islands, sinking one barge
Two Fined After Miles Altercation
and forcing the others cnto Peleliu present needs.
These gifts came following announcement that $3,000 would be needed to carry on this work during the coming year, based on
beaches where they were destroyed in air attacks.
The Japanese-controlled Philippine republic, startled into pre-invasion fears by the lashing carrier raids, declared war on the United States and Great Britain. Tokyo radio reported. Puppet President Jose P. Laurel has been empowered by Japan to conscript Filipinos to fight for Japan
Donations today include the following:
Citizens National Bank .. $50.00 Loyal Women's class. First Christian church .................. 4.00
Gifts received yesterday, including $100 from the Abilene’s Plumbers and Steamfitters local union No.
654 ......................... 147.85
Total ................... $20185
Donations may be made to Milk Fund Council, City or to W. O.
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Presumablv referring to Nippon! Norman at the Farmer* and Mer-elusive fleet, Tokyo boasted that an chants National bank He is the American invasion of the islands treasurer for the fund, would give the Japanese a chance _ ~ _ _ ""
“with one strategic blow to bring bitake Dites TOtal complete destruction to the enemy." y /"•L.*. A+fon/4/int
in the Pacific island battles to I o Church Attenaant
date, members of the imperial army HARLAN Kv Sept 23—UP —Cor-have betn dang all the fighting fielding Hensley
with little or no aid from the fleet.
A radio broadcast from Berlin,
recorded by CBS, said a third Amer- J taken to Harlan hospital for treat-lean air attack apairust Manila took mont of snakohitps
oner Fielding Hensley reported today the death of Mrs. eudie Joseph Lankford, 28, who had been
Place Friday afternoon, adding that “no details are yet available.” There has been no allied confirmation to this claim.
A communique from southeast Asia headquarters said the British lith army has driven to a point seven miles above the important Japanese base of Tiddim in Burma. The enemy launched their drive into India from Tiddim last spring.
ment of snakebites.
Hensley said Mrs. Lankford was bitte" three times during a meeting at the Church of God here last light.
Magistrate John Keller levied a f' e >f $50 against the Rev. Willard Cress, pastor of the church, and placed him under a $500 peace bond. A 1942 Kentucky statute makes it a misdemeanor to handle snakes in connection with religious services.
BALLINGER. Sept. 23—Two men were fined a total of $158, including costs, today following an altercation in Miles involved selective service, Sheriff Lee Moreland said tonight. The men were said to be Richard Book, 20, and A J Schniers, 36, his brother-in-law, both of Miles.
According to the sheriff, Book received a notice to appear before the Runnels county selective service board for induction Monday. He went to the board, the sheriff said, and inspected his file in the draft office.
He then returned to Miles, joined Schniers, and the two went to the business arca where they accosted C. M. MeBurnett. city marshal, the sheriff stated. After a moment the marshal was knocked, down and Howard Moore, a barber, rushed to aid him. Moore was knocked down, also. Others ran to the scene and stopped the fight.
Sheriff Moreland said he was told Book said just before the fight that there was a letter in his draft file signed by several Miles businessmen, with Marshal MeBurnett as first signer.
r> IN* XI* i# Republican oratory these
Rn\/ I BIOC Virtim aa>s XXX1S to persuade the DUY 1/lvJf V ILI ll 11 American people that the Democratic party was responsible for the 1929 crash and depression, and that the Republican party was responsible for all social progress under Everett McCullough 13, was killed New Deal.
at 10:25 last night, victim of a hit- -There is one thing I am too old and-™ crash in the 1800 block for;. (ht prudent aecium* "I on South 14th street. | *
The youth, son of Mr and Mrs not talk out of both sides of my
' N. E. McCullough, 1333 South 13th, mouth at the same time.” had attended the football game be- Mr Roosevelt made a point by tween Amarillo and Abilene high p0int reply to almost every criti-schools where he had served as a etal leveled against his adm in lair a -Boy Scout usher. tion by his Republican opponent,
There were not witnesses lo the 0nv Thomas E Dewey of New York, fatal accident, police reported late He declared toe government wel-
last. night. comes "all sln< < re supporters of the
W G. Lieb, who lives at 1809 cause of effective world collabora-
South 14th, reported that he heard tlon, adding that "millions of Re
the brakes of an automobile screech. He rushed to the scene, saw a car hesitate and then pull out rapidly. He got there too late, however, to get the license number or to identify the car. he said.
Tile McCullough lad died instantly. The body was taken to Kiker-Warren funeral hornp.
His only brother, Robert Stanley McCullough, died on July 5, 1935, as a result of an automobile accident at Putnam.
Survivors besides the parents, are four sisters. Gertrude, Juanita. Bodgie and LouLse The youth attended South Junior high school.
GALVESTON, Sept 23— P> — Texas City again lost another civic leader when Rudolph M Orth, 58, died of a heart attacx tonight shortly after he had participated in making funeral arrangements for Col. H. B. Moore, with whom he was closely associated for many years and who was buried this afternoon.
LOS ANGELES. Sept. 23 ‘ZP — Harry Chandler, publisher of the Los Angule.1 Times, died today after suffering a heart attack. He was 80 years of age.
Despite falling health incident to his advancing years. Chandler had maintained his interest, In the Times and spent at least a part of each day in his office up to a short time before he vac taken to a hospital last Wednesday.
WASHINGTON, Sept 23 </P> Limited mail servire between the United States and Pans will bp resumed tomorrow the post office department announced today
publicans .ire with us."
“And they too will resent this campaign talk by those who first woke up to the facts of International life a frw short months ago,’’ when they began to study the polls of public opinion,” the president said.
Mr. Roosevelt, speaking before the same union which heard him open his third term campaign on Sept. ll, 1940, greeted the teamsters by, saying:
“I am actually four • ear* older— which seems to annoy some people In fact, millions of us are more than ll years older than when we started in to clear up the mess that was dumped In our laps in 1933 ” From that he launched into an attack upon the Republican i mn-paign. although Ie did not mention Governor Dewey in name.
Ile termed a “rallous and brazen falsehood” an assertion that the administration plans “to keep men in the army when the war is over, because there might be no jobs for them in civil life.”
“What.” Mr. Roosevelt continued, “the very day that this fantastic charge was first made, a formal plan for the method of speedy discharge of the airn J Lh cl already been announced by the wai department a plan based upon the wishes of ♦ he soldiers themselves.'
Mr. Roosevelt said Republican leaders have carried the attacks against his administration even
See ROOSEVELT, Pf. 13, Col. «
whole sector tonight.
To the south, U. S Third Army armor churned forward through a sea of mud in a six mile push, capturing Burtville, six miles north of Baccarat and about 30 miles east of Nancy. The remainder of the Third Army front was stalled by lain and strong Nazi resistance British tanks and infantry and the American sky - troops who fought through stand-and-die resistance apparently sent their patrols across the river at the Arnhem bridge A link-up in force would signalize a great Allied victory on the Ruhr valley route to Berlin.
Their long, thin line of supply was once more intact, for SO miles south of this critical front British forces rushed up and chased away HS (elite guard) troopers and 2(H) tanks who had slashed across the highway at the Dutch village of Veghrl.
Supreme headquarters, which had described the Arnhem positions as “critical” only Friday, breathed more easily and from the commander of the British division in Arnhem came word that after six da vs of Isolation “morale Is high—we j will hold out "
Ram and thick clouds again hampered air support and reinforcement, but rocket-firing typhoons In great strength helped smash the Germans loose from their strangling hold on the life line at Veghel En route to the north branch of the Rhine, which winds along the southern suburbs of Arnhem, the British and Americans made a union with hard-pressed Polish rein-forcemeats who nad landed two days earlier to take some of the pressure off tile Tommies in Arnhem.
The Germans were summoning every tank and trooper from northern Holland to throw into the battle for Arnhem.
<A Berlin broadcast sa id the fighting "will determine (he fate of the whole western front,” anti one commentator said the British now held only the suburb of Oosterbeek. The city Itself was pictured as a “shouldering ghost, town ")
A press dispatch from the First Army positions inside the Siegfried line —southeast of the battle for Holland declared the Germans were feverishly digging in on the east bank of the Rhine indicating tile high command foresees the collapse of fortifications to the west.
Standing at bay on their home soil, the German troops gave no indication of flight even though they finally were routed from Stolberg, the city six miles east of the Siegfried Tines fortified outpost of Aachen.
COL. FREDERIC C. GRAY
Many , f Iv glider reinforcements and supplies for the "Lost Division” on the German border arrived safely because of the outfit led by Abilene’s Col, Frederic C. Gray, 1202 Jeannette
Using fragmentary tx mbs, tho outfit led by Colonel Grav silenced 15 guns just in time, the Associated Press reported from Europe.
"All those cargo planes probably would have been knocked down if they’d been three or four minutes earlier,” the colonel commented later.
Colonel Gray, graduate of Abilene Christian college, Is ho'der of the Air Medal, and Oak Leaf clus-over Europe Hts name creeps into tors for meritorious achievements news frequently in some heroic style.
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Al Smith Improved
NKW YORK. Sept 23 — (/Pl Former Gov. Alfred E. Smith, 70, who entered St Vincent's hospital on Aug IO suffering from,heat exhaustion, left today "a much improved man" hospital authorities Isa id.
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Texas Anti-FDRs Form Third Party; Assail Hillman and Others
AUSTIN. Sept. 23—(ZP) —A new Ality which will file its own slate of presider vial electors was organized here today by a group of Texas anti-Roosevelt Democrats in a closed convention.
A spokesman for the meeting re- ' ^ased a formal statement saying ’Tie convention was called to form a party “since the name Democratic has I een stolen from us by i •hose new members of the party who believe in state socialism ’’ The belligerent anti-fourth termers announced their plan of ac-Hm a few hours after the state (upreme court unanimously ruled -.hat Roosevelt - pledged electors lominated by the September state I Democratic convention, and not the •lectors chosen at the May con-
«ntion, should be certif^ for inting on the Nov. 7 ballot as the 1
The new party’s statement said it believed that a large majority of Texas people “resent and condemn the usurping of the Demorratie party name by communists, big-city machine politicians, Bronz negro politicians and the C. I. O. Political Action committee. XXX.” The May electors were instructed by that convention nut to vote for -he national nominees if the national convention failed to fulfill certain conditions. These conditions it rejected.
The anti-Roosevelt forces under chairmanship of Edgar Townes of Houston, with C. C. Renfro of Dallas acting as secretary, met immediately after the court’s decision was announced.
J. Hart Willis of Dallas, a spokes
man for the meeting, said that it had not been decided under what party name the anti-Roosevelt electors would be filed with Secretary of State Sidney Latham, Monday is the last day for such filing.
Willis '-aid it had not bern decided what names would be filed. The effect of today’s supreme court derision was to exounge from the Democratic column th" names of presidential electors who have said they would not vote for Roosevelt and Truman.
The court simultaneously closed its doors to further .itigation in the matter which has kept the party in a turmoil for months, and which could be an important factor in determining the outcome of I the national election.
I Willis said the convention here
today was called by a caucus which i met earlier in the day, and that a party organization was completed this afternoon. The press was not invited to attend either ession.
Willis released a formal statement which said:
"R licving that a laige majority 1 of the Texas people re ent and con- I demn the usurping of the Demo- : cratic party name by communists,! big-city machine politicians. Bronx negro politicians and the CIO. Political Action commrtet, headed by the foreign-born Sidney Hillman, a group of the leaders in the Texas movement for the restoration of the two-thirds rule, states rights and the right of the Democratic party to determine the qualifications for its own membership, met in caucus Saturday morning.
“Realizing that if the deci
sion of the supreme court failed to follow what has been the establishen party practice of 60 >ears in Texas, wherein the May convention rhose the presidential elector, it was derided to rail a convention of delegates from every district in Texas for the purpose of forming a party, since the name Democratic has been stolen from us by those new members of the party who believe in state socialism.”
“Since the supreme court has by its decision nullified the action of the May convention, the convention was hek in Austin on Saturday afternoon and party organization completed.
"It is the purpose of the party to certify persons for presidential electors and give the voters of
Texas and opportunity to register j their votes in the November election for electors who will stand for the true Jeffersonian principles of democracy and for . estoration of constitutional government, freedom of tile press, and freedom of private enterprise ’The fight has just started ani will be waged unceasingly upon the high planes of principles until victory Is ours in November ”
Asked who participated in the convention, Willis said there were representatives from every congressional district in the state, including many leaders of the anti-fourth term faction.
The supreme court opinion by Chief Justice James P. Alexander held that withdrawal of the original nominees who would not support
the national convention’s ticket, and substitution of t hose who would by the September convention, “was clearly a matter within the Inherent power of the party.”
“The efficiency of the cause for the withdrawal of the nominations is not a matter for this court to determine,” he wrote, “That was a matter that rested entirely with the party. The party has thus spoken its will, and In the absence of a valid law to the contrary, it is entitled to have that will carried into execution.”
The pro-Roosevelt September convention nullified the resolutions of the May session. These resolutions left the electors free to vote for some other Democrat if the national convention failed to adopt a white
supremacy plank in its platform, if it* seated a rival delegation and lf it failed to restore the two-thirds rule. On all these counts, the national session said "no to Texas, and 15 electors then said they would not support Roosevelt and Truman.
The Roosevelt faction, dominating the September convention, nominated a new slate of electors, throwing out the 15
Latham decided to certify the May electors, and the leaders of the September convention asked the supreme court to compel him to certify its 23. This list included the names of the several of the May electors who had said they would support Roosevelt and Truman.