Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas
IMES ®he Abilene Reporter
_______ 1’Arr ci'Pi’r*! I YOUR \X DRI.D EXAC
VOL. LXIV, NO. 94 A TEXAS 2-u* NEWSPAPER
\vrnmvT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH TOUR \VORJ£FXACn£^ ll’ COLS. Byron — ir—V ™mic- SAMBER » 1944 -TWELVE PAGES — - OW — «• ««
PRICE FIVE CENTS
YANKS MOVE INTO ANOTHER TOWN IN GERMANY—American infantrymen run from behind a tank for cover of an eml.ank.nent as troops move into another town .ns.de Germany. The town is unidentified (AP wirephoto from S.gnal Corps Rad.ophoto).
British Set for 'Reich Invasion
’Siegfried Line ■Being Ranked
Imikoven ^ Horburg
s UP REME HEADQUARTERS, AEF, Sept. 20—(UP) —
Et. Gen. Sir Miles C. Dempsey’s patrols were believed to have scored the first British thrust into Germany east of the embattled Dutch stronghold of Nijmegen today coincident with disclosure that Adolf Hiller had taken direct command of the defense of the Reich.
MITH THE U. S. FIRST ARMY. Sept. 20—(A*)—Knocking out 36 enemy tanks and driving back repeated infantry counterattacks, the U. S. First army stoutly held on to its breaches in tV Siegfried line today.
The Germans threw reserves into the battle on this front in an effort to protect the Rhineland.
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 20—'A5'—Airborne troops and supplies were landed today in Holland for the fourth consecutive day.
LONDON, Sept. 20.—(AF) —Massive fortes of British army and airborne troops straddled the lower Rhine in ,Holland five miles from Ger-today, in position for invasion of the
MoOJtrtcM Lille CSiwiUM L,e9*
Aoch«« ^Cologne • S.egen
Si Quentin f J rn
TODAY Sn WESTERN FRONT—Having taken Eindhoven, the British Second army went on to throw a 50-mile long cut-off wall across eastern Holland, merging with airborne soldiers landed near Nijmegen and battling on to link with other sky troops IO miles further north on the upper brunch of the Rhine near Arnhem. Americans in the southeastern corner of Holland crossed into Germany east of Sittard 20 miles above Aachen and were shelling I)uren, 20 miles from Cologne (NEA Telemap).
Third Spearheads Fight Toward Saar
By ROBERT RICHARDS United Press War Correspondent WITH U. S. THIRD ARMY IN FRANCE, Sept. 20— (UP)—'Two ar
----- . .... „ . _,,th | mored spearheads of American and French infantry forces, pushing north-
apparently battling on to ling: wun tward from lhe ,ower Moselle, battled through strong Nazi panzer .still other sky troops IO miles I a- ; erena(jicr units today in the drive toward Germany’s industrial Saar lather north on the upper branch of &renao,cr
a great new Reich around the upper end
of the Siegfried line.
British Second army armor threw fca 50-mile long cut-olt wail across eastern Holland in 48 hours. It merged solidly with parachute-glider soldiers dropped near Nijmegen on the Waal Rhine. The British were apparently battli~„ — still other sky troops IO miles ta
ttle river near Arnhem
The Siegfried line was being outflanked. The path was opening for a wheeling offensive across the flatland of northern Germany. Nazis in ^southwestern Holland were menaced with entrapment
Americans struck fierce German resistance in the invasion of Ger-manv, and in their offensive from the Nancy-Metz line and toward the Belfort Gap farther south. But 9 two Doughboy columns had thrust 20 miles or more beyond Nancy toward Strasbourg.
With the big supply port of Brest on Brittany peninsula in U. S. hands, Canadians battled into the a channel port of Boulogne. An un-^ confirmed Algiers broadcast said Boulogne’s garrison already had lurrcndered.
The whole Netherlands front was developing into a potential vast new trap for the enemy. The lower % Rhine defenses had been turnrd uy the assault from the sky and the ground power-drive of the British. Allied warplanes battered at a German rush of reinforcements into the Netherlands and other points . ilong the front.
* With the British push underway, Field Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, in command of ground armies on the northern front, declared there was “no doubt” the war Igainst Hitler would end this year.
The British drive developed ^ Eindhoven, and stabbed on 45 miles farther north, joining men of the First Allied Airborne armv at or near Nijmegen. They perhaps were already linked up with the pocket of Allied sol-g diers at Arnhem.
German resistance tightened considerably. Heinrich Himmler was reported to have visited German units in Holland urging ‘‘stiffest resistance.” But the two Allied armies were 0 steadily enlarging their stand, blocking most of the roads to Rotterdam and Amsterdam. The Paris radio said even the Utrecht line of retreat had been cut by Allied landings from planes.
§ Berlin broadcasts acknowledged a retreat aer os* the western Schelde.
Polish troops had burst more than three miles across the Hulst canal to within three miles of th- Schelde estuary west of Antwerp.
Americans in the southeastern corner of Holland crossed into Germany east of Sittard and Amsten-rade 20 miles above Aachen, and east of Simpelveld, sevep miles above that ruined city.
Perhaps the greatest steeling of Nazi resistance was along the west wall defenses from w^-11 north of Aachen to Trier. The U. S. First army was on or across the Reich’s frontier almost everywhere along an 80-mile front.
Yanks and Germans fought In the streets of Aachen. Some enemy troops held out in the factory district of y-passed Stolberg. Americans were shelling Duren, 15 miles beyond Aachen and 20 frcm Cologne. Prum, eight miles inside Ge many and 45 from Cologne, also w'as being softened by U. S. shells.
German civilians were defying Hitlcnan orders to evacuate the Rhineland.
There was no further official news of the American Seventh Tr my, fighting west and south of the
The fanatical enemy stand at Brest, fourth harbor of France, collapsed amid shell and bomb-torn ruins after a seige of more than a month and a half—the longest of any enemy holdout in the west. All “organized resistance' had ceased, said Supreme headquarter. There was no immediate disclosure of the number of prisoners taken in this port a00 miles behind the present battle line. Recently the German strength there was estimated at 12,000 to 15,000.
Boulogne was falling. The city itself was almost entirely in Canadian hands. Canadians had smashed their way completely through it, capturing Le Portel a mile to the southwest, and boxing the German survivors into the hills along the coast between there and the city’s southern outskirts, So far 79 officers and 2,900 men have
Many of the enemy troops were veterans of the African and Italian campaigns and put up some of the heaviest opposition yet encountered in this sector.
They used tanks, mines and road blocks and fought savagely from tree to tree as they fell back in the thick woods about 25 miles east of the Moselle.
One speahead, striking directly toward the Saar, was nearing the Baccarrat area, 23 miles northeast of Spinal and 45 miles east southeast of Strasbourg, near the German border.
The other, which ran into a particularly strong force of seasoned German troops, was approximately 20 miles northeast of Nancy in the area of Dieuze and Marsal.
In fierce battles waged by the Germans in desperate attempts to hold off the allied forces, 14 enemy tanks were destroyed in the Dieuze area yesterday. An ammunition dump was blown up northeast of Nancy.
For the first time of the war, French forces of the interior were fighting alongside American troops on the Moselle front in the steadily increasing drive to the Reich border.
Heavy fighting continued in the Metz area, but American forces were said to be gaining ground slowly and painfully against stiffening resistance.
STOCKHOLM, Sept. 20— .A*i— Finland broke relations today with the German puppet state* Hungary, Croatia and Slovakia.
LONDON, Sept. 20.— (UP)
—The German DNB agency, quoting the Nazis high command, announced today that German and Russian troops had crossed the Finnish frontier at various points to engage in battle on Finnish soil.
Bv JACK FLEISCHER United Press War Correspondent
STOCKHOLM. Sept. 20—(.UP) — Russian troops entered Finland today to enforce their country's stern Armistice terms as Helsinki dispatches reported that the Finnish population already was being evacuated from the Porkkala area, which was leased to Russia for 50 years as a naval base.
While the greatest movement of population involved in the Armistice apparently was underway, authoritative sources reported that a Russian control commission made a surprise trip by airplane to Helsinki last, night and took over an entire hotel in the center of the capital.
The commission was expected to establish branch offices throughout Finland. It was reported to include British, but no American, members.
Authoritative sources reported also that the commission will impose complete Isolation from the outside world on the twice-beaten country for a period of at least two months. All boat traffic between Finland and Sweden reportedly has been stopped and all travel from Finland brought under strict control.
Helsinki dispatches also reported that Russian operations against the Germans in northern Finland already were underway and that, in accordance with the new Armistice terms, Finnish troops may be taking part under Russian command.
Radio Moscow broadcast a It,990-word detailed text of the Armistice, which, in addition to providing for the leasing of the Porkkala headland to Russia, calls for other large territorial concessions and cash reparations.
Deputy Premier Ernst Von Born, in a somber radio address to the Finnish people last night, revealed part of the price they must pay for the German alliance that brought them to war with Russia for die second time in five years.
Born announced only eight of the 23 points of the armistice agreement signed in Moscow yesterday. He admitted that Finland’s negotiators had been able to obtain little if any softening of the Soviet demands.
1—Finland to withdraw behind her 1940 frontier, ceding Karelia to the Soviet union.
2—Cession of the Pctsamo area in northern Finland, site of some of the world’s richest nickel deposits.
3—Lease to Russia for 50 years of the Porkkala headland just southwest of Helsinki and an unspecified land and sea area nearby.
4—AH airdromes in eastern and southwestern Finland to be placed temporarily at the disposal of the Allies.
5—Finland's merchant fleet made available to the Allies.
6— German troops in Finland to be disarmed.
7—The Finnish armv to be placed on a peace-time basis.
8—Payment of a $300,000,000 indemnity to Russia over a six-year period.
Nazis Say Reds
WARSAW This closeup map shows Warsaw. Poland, and its suburbs, one of the gateways
guarding the approach to Berlin and a prire of fighting in east hurope.___
Democrats Argue Before High Court
By The Associated Press AUSTIN Sept. 20— Either side hurled the charge of “unclean hands today as Texas’ battle over Democratic presidential electors went before the State Supreme court.
$3,000 Asked for School Milk Fund In Coming Year
A need for milk exists In several city elementary schools that will call for expenditures of $3,000 in the coming year, it was announced last night at the annual meeting of the Abilene Milk Fund council in The Reporter-News conference , room.
This group, originated eight years Iago through efforts of the PT A council, Tile Reporter-News, Jaycees and other civic and service units, has adhered strictly to the rule that every single penny given shall be used to buy milk for school children Donations to the Free Milk fund can be mailed to “Milk Fund Council. City” or given to W. O. Norman, Farmers and Merchants National bank, (front window). Gifts will be acknowledged in the name of each donor unless specifically requested that this not be done. Teachers learn which youngsters
_ .are undernourished, report them
Dr Erie Sellers and Mrs. Dallas to the principals who tell the Milk Scarborough were reelected to the Fund council the number of quarts State Tuberculosis board of direc- needed daily lneachschool. tors at AUS! rn during the 35th an- Thus list ie given “re Margar-
et Schmidt, United Welfare assn
Monday and Tuesday
Abilenians Renamed lo State IB Board
nual convention of the association there Monday and Tuesday at elation, who contacts th* cream which Dr J. B. White of Amarillo ertes. In case of doubt as to the S elected president. actual need and the home c«KU-
The association adopted a re.so- tions of the' child rn. ■
Robert W. Calvert of Hillsboro, pleading for Ute Roosevelt controlled Democratic executive committee which wants Roosevelt - Truman pledged electors of the September convention certified for the ballot, claimed that the anti-Roosevelt controlled electors named in May are attempting to sabotage the party and have no right to come into court with unclean hands. Flinging the charge back at Calvert was Frank Knapp of Houston, an attorney for the May electors, who asserted the national party itself had attempted to disfranchise a big portion of Texas Democracy by refusing to spat at the national convention the full delegation chosen at the state s regular May convention.
Attorney C. C. Renfro of Dallas denied that the majority of the delegates to the Dallas convention were selected on the elector issue, and that the test vote at the session was not on that issue but on the seating of the Dallas delegation.
••If they had the power to remove these candidates, they also could remove candidates for the legislature,” he told the court.
Renfro in reference to the soldier vote question, said the May convention had no desire to deprive any citizen of bls vote, and was willing for ' the nominees of the rump (pro-Itoosevelt May 23) convention to be placed on the Ira Hot in a column plainly marked Roose-velt-Truman.”
James V. Allred, arguing for the position of the September conven Hon. said the other side was ing
Allies lake Dalmatians
ROME. Sept. 20—(UP)—Allied land, sea and air forces in cornbin ed operation* with Yugoslavian Partisan forces have liberated the three Dalmatian Islands of Ml.iet, Korcula and Bise, just off the Yugoslavian coast about midway between Zara and Dubrovnik. Allied headquarters announced today.
The islands arc among the largest In the Adriatic, and the German garrisons recently have been subjected to aerial bombardments.
Operations in the Dalmatian islands are continuing, the Allied communique reported.
Increase Seen in Mumps Cases With Opening of School
Jobs for Veterans
(Apply to War Manpower Commission, 1141 North 2d» Veterans placed since Aug. I 161 Placed yesterday .......... 2
Applications since Aug. I.. 116
Jobs listed ...............I®®
Veterans routed to other
agencies for special service 31
lives in the state last year. It was brought out that in 1943, when 8,000 cases of tuberculosis were recorded, only 2,000 beds were available.
Attending the meeting from Abilene was Mrs. Leon Wilson, executive secretary of the Taylor county Tuberculosis association.
U S. DEPARTMENT OF < OMMERt E WEATHER BUREAU
ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly cloudy .
Maximum temperature lait 24 hour*.
Minimum temperature la*t 12 hour*.
TEMPERATt RI 8
Wed-Tue Tue-Mon A M Hour P.M.
77 74— I— B4 83
78 72— 2— 88 87
76 73— 3— 88 88
74 72— 4— 89 88
73 72— 5— 88 88
72 71— 8— 88 88
70 70— 7— 86 85
69 71— 8— Bl 81
74 74— g— 78 78
78 77—IO— 77 76 RI 79—11— 77 76
84 82—12— 77 75
Sunrise this morning ........ 7 26
Sunset tonight ....................
TParh child Stets lunches in the school lunchroom and none knows which child pays for his own or is given it.
The council voted to ask the Jaycees to renew their work of collecting money from Milk Fund bottles; the pre.<s and radio were asked to renew appeals for regularly monthly donations of cash and 'he principals of the city will supervise renewal of the pupils regular milk fund gifts.
Wendell Bedichek was reelected chairman; Mrs. L. H. Harrison, secretary and W. O Norman, treasurer of the council
Husband's Purple Heart Sent Woman
...» the court to approve of something that will operate as a fraud on the voters of Texa.1
"These gentlemen in effect have vacated and organized a new party, and they are attempting to embezzle the nam* of the Democratic party and the vote of the party,
'The question before the court was Whether the September convention in Dallas has authority to rescind the action of the May convention in Austin which named presidential electors conditionally bound to support the party’s national nominees The court allowed two hours a nr 15 minutes for arguments^ in a mandamus proceeding, which is the type under consideration, the court normally considers arguments sev-I era I days before it announces a de-
| cision. .. ____
I Attorneys for the executive com ! mittee had argued that the Septem-. : ber convention’s action represented
Mrs. Joyce Farmer, 410 Victoria. thg maJoritv wll’ of Texas demoting received the Purple Heart crats t0‘ which Knapp replied that awarded posthumously to her hus- Roosevelt faction’s margin of band, S-Sgt. Denton Farmer, who victory at that meet was a little was killed in action June 12 while | more than 0ne percent of the total
convention vote. , .
He asserted all of the facts con
Increase in the Incident cf mumps is to be expected since the opening of the school term, members of the local < ity-county health unit were warned this morning by Dr. George W Cox, state health officer.
This is due in part to the fact that mumps Is essentially a childhood disease and the contagion factor exists before the symptoms appear, Dr. Cox stated.
Parents are reminded that mumps is transmitted by direct contact with an infected person and with articles freshly soiled by the secretions of discharges from the mouth or nose of persons having the disease, It takes from 12 to 26 days for mumps to manifest Itself after the infection takes place. The disease can be easily transmitted, but one attack usually establishes immunity although second attacks sometimes occur.
A virus is responsible for this infection, it was explained, the characteristic symptom of which is a painful swelling of the salivary glands. Sometimes there is an involvement of other portions of the body causing disturbances in the digestive, nervous, circulatory, and genito-urinary systems. The disease Is usually accompanied by a temperature rise which more olten than not is mild.
The patient suffering with this disease should be isolated from other members of the family immediately upon the suspicion that mumps exists," Dr. Cox declared in the statement to the local health office. “In the meantime, complete rest in bed is indicated. The doc tors orders should be followed strictly. Violating his instructions can lead to serious injury which may permanently affect the individual.”
LONDON. Sept. 20. - (UP) —The Berlin radio said today that Russian and Polish troopi forced the Vistula and estah-lished a bridgehead o00 yards deep in Warsaw proper, bul claimed it was wiped out in a violent battle.
Ernst Von Hammer, Nazi ra-din commentator, described the battle of the Vistula at Warsaw ax one of the most violent of the war in the east, and said thousands of bodies “cover tho eastern bank and are floating In the river, which runs red with blood.”
Bv EDDY GILMORE
MOSCOW. Sept. 20— —A massive Baltic drive, first phase of a supreme Russian autumn offensive, rolled the Germans back steadily today over the Latvian front, imminently menacing Riga and threatening to bring its fall at any moment.
From dispatches said advance tank and motorized infantry units had pushed deep into tho city defenses. The official communique announced an approach to within -iv miles as the Red army edged in from three sides and brought artillery to bear.
In four days the Russian Baltic armies have captured nearly 3,(MW communities in their smashing attack which promise* to clear all the Germans shortly from F’stonia, Latvia and Lithuania and pave the way for the remaining steps of the autumn offensive, expected to bo bigger than anything to date. Developments may be expected from the gulf of. Finland to Yugoslavia.
In five days on the Baltic from the Gormans have lost 570 tank* and 390 planes.
Southward in Romania combined Romanian-Russian forces captured Timisoara, 20 miles from the Yugoslav border and 73 miles northeast of Belgrade, Yugoslav capital.
There was no official Russian word on action on other fronts, hut Red army artillery kept firing at Warsaw from across tho formidable barrier of the \ istula, river.
(German broadcasts said tho Russians had bridged the swift and wide Vistula north of Warsaw.!
There was reason to believe that the long siege of Warsaw was going according to schedule and that Marshal Rokossovskv was tightening pressure by the hour.
Alter capturing Timisoara the Russians pushed the Germans and Hungarians back onto the broad, wheat clothed Hungarian plain within 148 miles of Budapest.
fighting with the infantry in France. He enlisted in 1942 and trained at Camp Barkery before going overseas in March, this year.
See DEMOS. Pg. II, Col. 8
Abilenian s Husband Wounded in Action
Mrs. Dee T. Kimbriel has been informed that lier husband, a corpora’ with the 90th division, has been injured and is in an English hospital Mrs. Kimbriel is the former Billa King, 726 Palm,
German Railway Centers Bombed
LONDON, Sept. 20—</P)—Continuing their campaign to smash the principal railway centers feeding German forces defending the Reich's western frontier, RAP heavy bombers last night hammered the twin towns o‘ Munchen-Cladbach and Rheydt just behind the Siegfried line north of th* Aachen battlefield.
The air ministry described th* raids as concentrated and said large fires were starter Five planes were lost.
Police Investigate Woman Taxi' Driver
State highway patrolmen this morning were questioning an Abilene woman owner of an automobile whose license was that of a car about which a Camp Barkeley private had lodged a protest, claiming it was used as an unofficial taxi.
The woman was brought to the local office this morning by Patrolmen Paul Oder and A. B. Nail after the car had been seen parked on a local street. She was to appear before rationing officials this morning for questioning as to source of gasoline coupons.
According to the soldier’s complaint. he and two other Barkeley men ware charged 50 cents each for the ride to town after they had leen picked up near the entrance to the camp. The ride had been of-ered, the soldier claimed, and they cere not told they would be charged until they were in the automobile.