Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 19, 1938, Abilene, Texas
Their Name Is Legion but They Wont Answer to Anything
“"By FfcftfifeRICK C. OTHMAN
LOS ANGELES, Sept. 19.—(UP) —Its the American Legion convention, boys, and anything goes . . . anything . . .
A Broadway street car glides to a halt with wheels locked . . . the tracks are greased . . . the trolley’s off ... a Legionnaire opens a fire hydrant ... directs the powerful stream on
the passengers within . . . they fight to shut the windows . . . strong arms outside force them up again . . .
Two delegates with “New York” embroidered on their caps raid a Main street cabaret . . . they pass out five dollar bills . . . wait until the strip teasers finish their act . . . and parade them down the street . . . their flesh Is goose-
pimply from the cold night air .
Ice cubes crash like hail to the sidewalk below the Rosslyn hotel ... a Legionnaire with a dead pickerel on the end of a line dangles it in pedestrians’ faces from a fish pole . . .
An automotive expert tramps down Hill street with a fire extinguisher tank strapped to his back . . . ifs filled with water ... he
directs a stream through the hoods of passing automobiles . . . the water deadens the spark plugs . . . the motorists get out and ruth . . .
Hot buttered pop corn makes a snowstorm in front of the Biltmore hotel headquarters ... a flaming match destroys a balloon vendor s stock . . . torpedoes on the street car tracks sound like the battle of verdun . . .
A prankster lolls in the door of a cocktail room . when women pass he squirts at their dresses with a water gun . . . news of the opened fire hydrant passes through town . . . other hydrants start gushing . . . the gutters are filled with water . . . it’s Impossible to cross the street unless you wade . .. some of the delegates take off their
A Michigan Legionnaire parks his coupe against the curb and throws open the door ... a passerby shoves it closed . . . ouch . . . the door Is charged with electricity . . .
Traffic Is so sadly jammed that boys with motorcycles do a rushing business . . . with their passengers hanging on behind . . .
On Spring street a weary
force unfolds his blanket . . . carefully spreads it on the car tracks . . . and takes a nap . . . horns scream . . . motors backfire . . . motormen argue . * • he won’t budge . . .
Some of the boys form a circle in the middle of Eighth street and sing Sweet Adeline . . . verse after verse . . . while traffic piles up behind
They drink their whiskey from quart bottles as they stroll down tin street . . . they douse small rubbed snakes In water to make them fee! alive . . . before they slip them down women’s backs . . .
Its the American Legion conven. tion, boys and anything goes . . , anything . . .
IH WEST TEX ASI
"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES,"-Byron
• VOL LVIII, NO. 111. ti Bited Frau (UP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1938—EIGHT PAGES
A Meet* ted Piru (AF)
PRICE FIVE CENTSCZECHS ‘SOLD DOWN THE RIVER
With Boosters Taking Lead—
ABILENE RENEWS MOVEMENT TO PROVIDE MILK FOR UNDERNOURISHED CHILDREN IN CITY SCHOOLS
Abilene's movement to see that none of the children in Its public
schools go undernourished is beginning today for the new school year.
Last year $3,000 was given—two-thirds of it by individuals—and several hundred children were given plenty of pure milk. Teachers re
ported undernourished youngsters definitely were improved by free distribution of milk, both physically and in their school work.
Approximately one-third of the money provided last session came from benefit affairs, by local organizations.
The greatest problem in administering this fund has been the uncertainty of income; that Is, there has been no assurance of a fixed minimum sum to be available each month. Therefore, the amount of milk distributed daily fluctuated greatly
The Reporter-News, which inaugurated the movement last fall, P. T. A 's and school officials have received the generous pledge of the Abilene Booster club to take the lead this year in raising money for milk.
It Is certain, however, that sufficient funds to meet the actual needs will not be available unless individuals again give generously this year.
Names of children showing symptoms of undernourishment are given by school principals to Edith C. Smith, high school
student counsellor, who acts as secretary-treasurer of the fund. These children’s homes are visited by the school Red Cross school nurse and workers for the United Welfare association.
See MILK FUND Page 8. Col. 7
IN GENEVA MANEUVERING
.Soviet Asked to Fight Dismemberment
HITLER VOWS FIRM STAND
I LONDON. Sept. 19.—(UP)—Adolf Hitler revealed today that he is fully determined to end Czechoslovakia’s rule over the Sudeten Germans now "once and for all.”
He stated his attitude in unequivocal terms to Ward Price, special correspondent of the London Daily Mail, who has obtained a number of interviews with Hitler and Premier Benito Mussolini in past crises and is g regarded as close to nazi and fascist leaders.
• • •
•’The Czech trouble ha* got to be ended once and for all and
ended now,” Hitler told Price in hit mountain retreat at Berchtes-gaden, Bavaria. “It Is a tumor poisoning the whole European organization. If it were allowed to continue it would continue to Infect international relations until they broke in a fatal collapse.”
• Hitler assured Prance and Great Britain of his friendship. He attacked the Czech people and the Czech nation bitterly. Speaking of
the Czech warrant charging Konrad Hcnlein, leader of the Sudeten
Germans, with treason. Hitler said that if Henlein was arrested, “I myself shall become the leader of the Sudeten Germans and I should be glad to see how long after that. Benes (Eduard Benes president of a Jzechoslovakia) would be able to Issue decrees. I hope he won’t issue ^ a warrant for my arrest.”
• • •
"While the t lech oppression of the German minority keeps Europe at fever heat, I have to be ready for whatever may come—
Herr Gott (Lord God), what could I do with Germany and for £ Germany ii it were not for this infernal Czech tyranny over a few
“Rut it must stop and it shall stop!
“The creation of this heterogenous Czechoslovakia republic after
the war was lunacy x x x to set an intellectually inferior handful of Czechs to rule over minoitties belonging to races like the Germans, the
# Poles, and the Hungarians with thousands of years of culture behind them was the work of folly and ignorance. . . .
“The Czechs say they cannot hold a plebiscite because such a measure Is not provided for in their constitution. To me. their constitution seems to provide for one thing only—which is that 7,000,000 Czechs shall oppress 8,000,000 of minority peoples. . . .”
• * •
£ Here Hitler spoke of Frances defense against Invasion from Germany
and of the newly constructed German defenses against invasion from Prance, intimating that France, if she had a mind to, could not honor her treaty to defend Czechoslovakia.
“All this is madness,” he continued, “for nobody in Germany dreams of attacking France xxx nor does any German want war with Britain either.”
W Referring to British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's efforts to
end the crisis peaceably, he sa:d he was convinced of Chamberlain's sincerity and good will.
• • •
Elaborating his thesis that the Czechs have been “poisoning the whole European organization" for the last 20 years, Hitler said:
’rn “Nobody can calculate what it has cost the peoples of Europe
in that time. It was the existence of Czechoslovakia as an ally of Soviet Russia thrust forward into the very heart of Germany, that
forced me to create a great German air force.
“That, in turn, led France and Britain to increase their own air forces. I’ve doubled the German air fleet once already because of the situation now prevailing in Czechoslovakia, lf we failed to d settle the crisis now, Field Marshal Goering (chief of the German
air force) would soon be asking me to order it doubled again and the British and French would redouble and so the mad race would continue.”
• • •
Hitler said that the French government, in promising to stand by rn Czechoslovakia, had contradicted its own past actions because France w allowed the Saar territory to vote Itself back into the Reich after being out under League of Narons control after the World war, though It had economic, political, and strategical importance for France.
“Yet now some people have talked of bringing about a world war for a country where they had no economic or other direst Interests at stake, and did so solely in order to enable the Czechs to deny to M the Sudetens, what the French themselves conceded to the £aar-
landers,” he continued.
’In the same way, England let the Southern Irish have complete autonomy while a hundred years ago Holland gave the Belgians their independence. The Czechs never have been an independent people until the peace treaties raised them to an underserved and artificial mastery -.over minorities more numerous than themselves. ’
Czech Cabinet Goes in Huddle Over Situation
Ready for Firm
GENEVA, Sept. 19.—(AP) — Czechoslovakia was reported today to have asked Russian officials here for the Soviet union’s support against delivering over the Sudeten German area to Germany.
Edouard Heidrich, Czechoslovak foreign office expert, conferred with Jacob Surits, Russian ambassador to France, and was said later to have seen Maxim Litvinoff, Soviet commissar of foreign affairs.
Neither Russian nor Czech quarters, however, would say anything officially except that “this is a very delicate matter.”
OLD JOHN STINK TO BE BURIED SECOND TIME
PAWHUSKA, Okie , Sept. 18. (UP)—John Stink, 80. wealthy Osage Indian who preferred his dogs to fellow tribesmen, will be put in his grave today for the second time.
A few of the Indians who
knew John in his younger days believed he might not stay after they buried him. Almost 50 years ago, with the customary tribunal feasting and weeping, they had old John's funeral, but
he came back a few days later to claim his ponies. Some of the older Indians were Inclined to believe that the same thing might
See JOHN STINK Page 3, Col. 6
Britain, France Agree to Yield To Adolf Hitler
Czechoslovakia Pins Last Hopes on Russia's Pledge of Aid While Revolt Mutters Rise Among Political Leaders
By RICHARD D. MCMILLAN
LONDON, Sept. 19.—(UP)—Great Britain and France I agreed today to surrender to the demands of Adolf Hitler and let him have his way in the Sudeten German area of Czechoslovakia.
Cabinets of both countries accepted the partition plan, the French unanimously and the British, it was understood, ‘ ini principle.” I
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain told his cabinet what! he told the French ministers who flew to London for the finall decision—that Hitler would march to obtain satisfaction, what-!
POISED ON BORDER—
Henlein Troops to Invade
leneTOuitT ~~----Bloody FighHno
As Rail Chief
CZECH ENVOY GOES TO BED
PRAGUE, Sept. 19 —(AP) Amid increasing resentment throughout the country, the Czechoslovak cabinet went into session today to consider the reported Anglo-French plan for settlement of Europe’s crisis by handing the Sudeten areas over to Germany.
President Eduard Benes and his ministers started a close study of proposals In which It was believed that London and Paris governments were urging that Sudetenland—territory inhabited by the dissident Germanic minority—be cut off and given to Germany.
SLOVAK PARTY CONVENES* Indignation over such a proposed solution of the Czechoslovak-German crisis became widely evident.
From conferences begun at dawn came hints that the Prague government, although hardpressed diplomatically, would stand firmly against territorial revision.
The government committee of the Slovak peoples’ party convened at Bratislava and although there was no official annoui cement on the discussions, it was expected the Slovak conferees would offer support against dismemberment One newspaper commented; “The government will be supported by nobody if it accepts (the Anglo-French proposals)”
Increasing fears of war brought government consideration of new banking regulations and plans for protection of the currency.
Retiring Member Of Commission to Serve Out Term
AUSTIN. Sept. 19— (UP>-c V. Terrell, chairman of the Texas railroad commission, resigned his chairmanshop today In favor of Ernest O. Thompson.
Terrell recently was defeated for reelection on the commission.
Thompson was chairman preceding Terrell and still has four years to serve. Thompson also is chairman og the oil states compact commission.
* Terrell will remain a member of the commission until January I, when he will be succeeded by G. A. j Jerry Sadler of Kilgore The chairmanship will again be I subject to election when the new terms begin. The commission elects its chairman Lon A. Smith Is third member. He favored Sadler over Terrell in the recent state campaign. |
Swallow Saves Life
KANSAS CITY. Mo., Sept. 19.—
■ (UP)—When Mrs. Saide Wluley, 67, choked on a piece of butterscotch candy, her family called an ambulance, internes rushed her to a | hospital, but on the way the ambulance struck a bump. Mrs. Whiley, swallowed the candy. She got out of the ambulance and walked home.
LONDON, Sept. 19 —!P> Jan Masaryk, Czechoslovak minister to London, apparently cracked today under the severe strain of watching the losing battle to preserve his country his father helped to found.
He was reported to have become suddenly 111. Tile legation acknowledged that he was indisposed and confined to his residence.
Masaryk is son of the late President Thomas G. Masaryk, revered by Czechoslovaks as “father of the republic.’*
Russians, Japs Clash
HARBIN, Manchukuo, Sept. 19 — (UP)—Japanese sources reported today that a detachment of Soviet mounted guards entered Manchukuo Sunday near Manchuli. Manchu troops fired on them and were believed to have killed one Russian. The others retreated. Manchukuo protested to the Soviet consulate.
Buchanan Dam Blame Lifted
AUSTIN. Sept. 19 — T)—T h e
state board of water engineers told a special senate committee today Buchanan dam did not cause the disastrous Colorado river flood In July but some negligence existed in the dam s operation.
“Information and data were available." the board said, “to Justify opening the flood gates 24 hours earlier than they were opened.
“Operation of the gates should have been such as to avoid the flood peaks on the Llano river of July 23 and 24 The Colorado River authority was negligent in not providing rainfall and stream gauges and means of communication with these stations before completion of the dam.
“The authority operated the flood gates probably as well as could have been expected with the limited information of the storm and flood flow available, with the exceptions above noted ”
40,000 Refugees Flock to Banner Of Sudeten Chief
BERLIN, Sept. 19,-(UP) — Headquarters of the Sudeten “free corps,” organized by Konrad Henlein to fight the Czechs, announced today that “preparations have been completed and action can now be-
Ari** ’ •
Bloodshed on a tragic scale appeared imminent unless Czechoslovakia accepts the Bruish-Frcnch agreement for partition.
REFUGEES ENLIST More than 40,000 refugees from I the Sudeten German areas ot Czechoslovakia joined the "free corps” and. armed and uniformed, awaited orders to march across the frontier.
The proclamation of the free corps headquarters said:
“The first examination for enlistments in the free corps occurred this morning In many refugees ramps along the border. Announcement that preparations have been completed and that action can now begin caused great Joy among these Sudetens who lately were able to flee from the Hussite mob.”
(A Hussite is a follower of John Huss. the Bohemian religious reformer, who was burned at tee stake as a heretic in 1415.)
In the early hours oi Sunday morning, there had been an attack on the Sudeten town of Asch. guns, hand grenades and pistols had on the frontier, in which machine been used Henlein. in a proclamation last night, said-
"The hour of liberation is approaching. Hundreds of thousands of Sudeten Germans are joining the free corps. They will stake their lives to deliver their homeland from the Czech yoke.”
ET TU, POLAND?
WARSAW, Sept. 19—(UP)—The government-controlled press today vehemently demanded that the Polish minority In Czechoslovakia be turned over to Poland.
“We demand the return of Pplish soil in Czechoslovakia to Poland,” banner-lines in afternoon newspapers said as press reports told of the Franco-British agreement for surrender of Sudetenland to Nazi Germany.
Both Poland and Hungary, which recenty has agitated for return of Its minority, have population islands in Czechoslovakia. Czech leaders, resisting the Sudeten concessions have contended that capitulation to Adolf Hitler’s demands would start the complete dismemberment of their post-war republic.
ever the consequences, and that the present proposals constitute
the only peaceful way out.
The proposal is to have Czechoslovakia cede to Hitler the Sudetenl areas where Germans form a majority of the populated. A plebiscite would be held to determine the status of other Sudeten areas extensively populated by Germans.
The remainder of Czechoslovakia would become an international! ward, the powers guaranteeing the new frontiers.
Tne decision will be communicated to Hitler as soon as anothe meeting between him and Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain can arranged at Godesberg on the Rhine.
The attitude of Czechosiovakia was not ta''en into account
ministers of Britain and France i - -- . -~ —-----------—
seemed to feel that she would have to accept. I
CZECHS EYE RUSSIA Czechoslovakia, however, voiced its determination to resist and speeded preparations to defend every Inch of territory, realizing that defeat is certain unless outside aid com es. and that outside
aid is now unlikely.
Czechs hoped that Soviet Russia
might stand by her pledge to aid,1
but diplomats did not think Russia would act alone if Britain and Fiance stayed out.
In Paris, Dr. Stefan Osusky,
Czechoslovakia minister came from Hie foreign office with a copy of the British-French agreement. His lips trembling, he said;
“Do you want to see a man convicted without a hearing?
Here I stand.”
No further meeting of the Brit-
ABILENE and vicinity: Fair tonight and Tuesday; slightly warmer Tuesday.
West Texas: Fair tonight and Tuesday. East Texas: Fair tonight and Tuesday] slightly warmer In northwest and norlh^ central portion! Tuesday.
Highest temperature yesterday ... 83 Lowest temperature thta morning . .57 TEMPERATURES
See SACRIFICE Page 8, Col. 6
Mon. a nil bt
. 64 SI
7 a m 12 3D p.m.]
4 8 6f(
Many Minorities Besides Sudetens] Plague Czechs' Political Course
.BOOSTERS COMPLETE PLANS FOR FIVE BUS EXCURSIONS ADVERTS SING WEST TEXAS FREE FAIR
Plans have been completed for five motor bus trips through West Texas this week and next to boost West Texas* Interest in the West ^ Texas Fee fair to open here •^October 3, E. G. Wood, secretary of the Abilene Booster club, announced today.
“We are hoping to have as many as IOO delegates for each of these trips,’’ Wood said. They are long, hard trips, but they will really arouse interest in the fair and help put It over. Round trip fare this year will be $3.50 Instead of $5 as It was last year. We’re going to try
to have a good time, and spread the gospel of the West Texas Free fair.”
Only one caution was announced. The buses are to operate on strict schedule, copy of which will be given each delegate, and it will be the re
sponsibility of the delegates to be back on the bus in time to leave.
First trip will be Wednesday morning. Scheduled to leave Abilene at 7:30 a. rn., the delegation Is to visit Lawn. Goldsboro, Nonce, Silver Valley, Coleman, Santa An
na, Bangs, Brownswood. Cross Plains, Pioneer, Rising Star, Eastland, Olden, Ranger. Cisco, Putnam. Baird, Clyde, and be back In Abilene at 6:35 p. rn. Noon stop is to be made at Brownwood.
Thursday, the delegation will leave Abilene at 7 o’clock, go to Albany,
Throckmorton, Haskell, Weinert, Munday, Goree, Bomarton, Seymour (lunch), Red Springs, Vera. Benjamin, Knox City, O Brien, Rochester, Rule, Sagerton, Old Glory. Stamford, and into Abtlene at 7
See FAIR TRIPS Pag 8, Col. 8
The Sudeten Germans aren’t the only minority that can plague little Czechoslovakia. That hard-pressed republic is a land of minorities. Of a total population of 15.000,000, only slightly more than half are Czechs or Slavs. The distribution of the three most localized minorities is shown on the map. There are 3,500,000 Sudeten Germans; 700,000 Hungarians, and some 82.000 Poles. President Eduard Benes also has to keep these groups in mind; 550.000 Russians, 187,000 Jews, and a heterogeneous group of 50-odd thousand.#Koiser Wilhelm, Greatest Military Gambler, Watches Germany’s New Throw of Dice-See Page 3