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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 18, 1938, Abilene, Texas Allies Can Outlast Germany And Italy In War, U. S. Experts Say WASHINGTON, Sept. 17.—(IP)—Adolf Hitler has guns, tanks and airplanes, but Britain, Prance and Russia have butter, oil, cotton, grain, iron and coal—and the latter will win out in the long run, some Amcricn experts said today. Analyzing the economic resources of the Franco-British group as opposed to the German-Italian group, the experts concluded the first combination would far outlast the second in event they become engaged in war. The same experts who last week said Hitler was "talking through his steelhelmet," when he said a blockade of Germany would prove an extremely ineffective weapon, summed up the economic situation of thes World war allies as follows: GREAT BRITAIN: Insufficiency of foods in the mother country offset by abundant production in the dominions which can be im ported if, as is widely presumed, Britain retains command of the seas. Sufficiency of coal and iron. No petroleum or cotton but these, too, can be imported through convoys. Great Britain began last spring, through a special act of parliament, to store prime materials for use in case of emergency. FRANCE: Full sufficiency of foods, coal and iron. Lacks petroleum and cotton. France is in an even better position than Britain. SOVIET RUSSIA: More self-contained than even the United States. Her troubles would come through inadequate internal transportation and distribution. Great Britain and France have large credits aboard- and large gold holdings which could be used for foreign purchases, whereas Germany and Italy have relatively very small foreign holdings. The experts said Britain could pay for foreign purchases of nearly two years through her credit abroad.WIic ^toilette Reporter"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE IOU YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS COES,"-Byron VOL. LYU I, NO. 11O. ^ ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 18, 1938 THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS r™. PRICE FIVE CENTSCZECHOSLOVAKIA INVOKES MARTIAL LAW ABLE TO HOLD OUT TWO MONTHS—    U I * C    C*    I*. TI J. J. Czech War Machine May Be Too Much for Hitler to Swallow Nenle,n l‘orms Cecils FlOteSt To Germany In Guards’ Kidnap Walter M. Harrison, who wrote this first-hand account of the fighting strength of the Czechs, is managing editor of the Daily Oklahoman and the Oklahoma City Times at Oklahoma City. Last year he spent three months in Europe, and this spring he took a leave of absence to become attached to the London bureau of the AP. When events seemed to be nearing a crisis in central Europe he hurried to Prague, the Czech capital. By WALTER M. HARRISON PRAGUE. Sept. 17.—(IP)—That baby republic which the cartoonists picture as a sausage in the mouth of the German Reich may turn out to be a gag that will choke Adolf Hitler. When stolid, swarthy, one-eyed General Svrovy mobilized IO divisions on N'.ay 21 in six hours, he caused brows to beetle in B°rlin. At home the single-minded patriots reaffirmed their trust in the blunt, Prussian-like inspector general who would be chief commander if war came. A good many people believe I the army could hold off the Germans till help arrived. Recently, as the guest or the minister of defense at Milovice, 30 miles northeast of Prague, I watched two regiments of second-year service , soldiers in routine field work, in ; men and equipment these elements | compared favorably with outfits I j I have seen at Fort Sill and FortJ ! Sam Houston In the United States. Close order drill was tight and snappy. Deployed as skirmishers, the ruddy faced, hard-bitten boys found cover like Oklahoma Indians. Bren machine guns beat a tattoo in the direction of the objective thicket. Skoda tanks lumbered through a swamp, gears screaming and two turret guns spitting lead. Swarming into the lorries, 13 men to a car at one o'clock, the soldiers tossed 60-pound packs, tin hats and all, Into the car, bounced home singing the Czech national anthem, • Where Is Our Home?” Pay is a crown and a half a day. 1 This is about 5 cents in American See CZECHS, Pf. 13, Col. 8 IN LONDON CONFERENCE TODAY- BRITAIN, FRANCE CHART COURSE Enrollments In COLORADO, PECOS VOTE BOND Price Of Peace, Colleges Soar ISSUES TO MATCH PWA FUNDS Defense Topics Freshmen Crop Largest; 1,926 In High School A bumper crop of freshmen is making enrollments soar at Abilene's three colleges. All institutions report increased patronage as registration week closed. In all three schools freshman classes are markedly larger than last year. At Abilene high school, enrollment figures are 75 higher than for the end of the first week last year, according to Principal Byron England. Through Saturday 1,926 students have registered and at peds the figure to reach 1.950. At McMurry collage. 430 regular students have registered^ and at Abilene Christian college registrations reached 517. Both reports exclude extension, correspondence and special students. Hardin-Simmons university, with totals unavailable, has approximately 650 students on the campus. McMurry's student body includes 200 freshmen, Abilene Christian college 227 and Hardin-Simmons has. about 240. Preliminaries over, the colleges plan to swing into regular work this week. EVENTS TO COME IN WEST TEXAS EASTLAND—Eastland county fair will be held September 29 to October I MONAHANS—First annual Ward County fair will be held October 7 and 8 LAMESA—Dawson county fair will be held October 13, 14 and 15. LORAINE—The Loraine community fair will be held September 22, 23 and 24. RISING STAR—Rising Star fair will open September 22. BALLINGER — Ballinger voters will decide September 26 on $17,-600 in bonds ior school improvements. BIG SPRING—An election to determine whether $275,000 in bonds will be issued for water works improvement will be held September 27. SWEETWATER - Nolan county voters will decide lf beer shall remain legal in an election September 29. Sweetwater Soon To Discuss Plans To Raise $25,000 For Gymnasium o,.kiVot2? lf1 ?Y* West Tcxas towns Saturday voted bonds to match Public Works administration grants for public improvements At Colorado, a school bond Issue of $90,000 was approved 354 to €7. rhe bond Will be supplemented by a government grant of $74,000 and will be used to build    a new junior high school building and to modern- le two ward school    buildings. Pecos \o.ers decided, 1,4 to 34. to issue $60,000 in revenue bonds or an alternate of $25,000 in tax bonds to improve the sewer ivstem They also voted, 123    to 80 for issu- -----------------------  -.....——  I ance of $30,000 for    building of a municipal auditorium, and 174 to 34 for issuance of $5 000 in bonds for street improvements. PWA has approved a 45 per cent grant and a 55 per cent long term loan on the sewer system project. Issuances of bonds for the other two projects are contingent on PWA allocation of federal funds as a partial grant and remainder as long County subsidy checks totaling term loan.    "    $17,700 were received Saturday by At Sweetwater, plans for raising County A8ent Knox Parr. *—.....- -    The checks will be distributed Cotton Subsidy Checks Arrive approximately $25,000 for matching of a $19,800 PWA grant for construction of a high school gymnasium are to be discussed soon, according to Supt. R. S. Covey. The building is to be located near Newman high school and will measure IOO by '03 feet. It is to be constructed of brick. Lawn voters have already approved a $10,000 bond issue for their part in construction of an $18,000 auditorium-gymnasium for the school. PWA approved a grant for the remainder. Snyder has obtained $80,000 to match PWA grant of $65,455 for construction of a new school building, That town lost its school last February when It was gutted by fire. Stamford board of education is Issuing $40,500 in school bonds, voted September 13, to match a $40,-500 grant from Public Works ad- to 200 persons on 143 farms. The payment will be complete for these farmers, but less than a tenth of those in the county due checks were represented in the first shipment. Others are expected at any time. Arthur L. Cook, assistant in crop adjustment, Saturday wrote cards to those farmers who received checks, asking them to come to the county agent's office for the money. Others will be informed when their checks arrive, he said. Medics Agree To Policy Revisions CHICAGO. Sept. 17—(/PT—The American Medical association today upset tradition by adopting revisions in Its policy on health and welfare which some members —_ —    of Its house of delegates termed ministration, for construction of    a    "progressive and almost revolution- one story ward school building on ary.” Moran street and to make additions to Reynold’s ward building. The rial    ^    a    3pe" new school will provide for seven H sesslon here Tor the past two grades.    d‘-vs’ approved with few dissenting  ------ i votcs or objections five recommen dations which agreed rn most major principles with the national health program outlined two months ago by President Roosevelt’s inter-departmental committee on health and welfare. Talmadge Contests ATLANTA, Sept. 17—(IP)—Former Governor Eugene Talmadge, administration critic who ran second to Senator Walter F. George in Wednesday’s Georgia, democratic primary, announced tonight he was filing contests over the results In 30 counties, asserting that if he proved his contentions these would "clearly give me the election.” Legionnaires Take Over Los Angeles LOS ANGELES, Sept. 17.—(IP)— The City of the Angels, not unused to super-colossal spectacles, today gave itself over completely to the American Legion, assembled to conduct its 20th annual convention.    I    awm Registrations topped all previous of JlJf.    !he,ir    fir?    ,aste marks and housing became a vex- {L,l I IL I , m°‘e in0 problem. Hotels in the city' J? ,    ^    ahead    of time. proper were filled ana i t mem * autumnal equinox that will houses took down "vacancy” signs eclinical!-v bl*nK fal1 is n°t due and legion officir s hmn com-    *    ^*}    y’    September    23. Lorn? I cal temperatures sank as low u* as 54 degrees and only one day. Chamberlain Calls Daladier, Bonnet 0 In Czech Crisis LONDON. Sept. 17—(AP) — Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain today called the ‘ 'strong man ’ premier of France to London to help him shape the forces of democracy and dictatorship into a pact for peace at an honorable price. FLY TO LONDON In the midst of dav-long conferences with his ministers, the 69-year-old prime minister acted to fortify himself with every means for his second meeting with Reichs-fuehrer Adolf Hitler within a few days. England, from the king to the grizzled pipe smoker in the corner pub, waited stolidly for the decision of the major European democracies. Edcuard Daladier and his foreign minister, Georges Bonnet, will fly from Paris to London early tomorrow. Their schedule called for a meeting with Chamberlain and his high ministers at ll a. rn. ,c. a. rn,, C ST ) to decide what they can offer Hitler in his dispute with Czechoslovakia and what they can or will -do if this effort for peace collapses. Sober consideration curb: * British conjecture as to what Hitler asked Thursday when he received Chamberlain at his mountain chalet near Berchtesgaden and what Chamberlain might recommend to meet Hillers demands. ANNEXATION FLAT PRICE Conservative commentators, how-ever, agreed the fuehrer set as the flat price of peace the detachment of preponderantly Germanic regions from Czechoslovakia and strict au- See CONFERENCE, Pg. 14, Col. 3 CZECHS OPEN THREE GIANT CEMETERIES The Weather Fall Arrives Week Ahead Of Schedule and legion officir s began mandeering facilities from Beach to Hollywood. Resume Maneuvers TOULON, France, Sept. 17.—(IP) —The French Mediterranean fleef received orders today to resume*    w    muueiw. winQ, rn- ,ou(h coa!t °'iT*therm*n p* prob^ (S 0 Tucsdfcy*    I    showers    for    the Panhandle. Wednesday, rose above 90 degrees \ esterday the mercury hung around 54 degrees from 4 a. rn. until about 7:30 o'cock. Highest of the day was 88 degrees at 5 p. rn. Forecast for today is fair with genus to moderate winds. Tile ARII.KNR and vicinity:    Party cloudy and cooter Munday ; Monday, partly cloudy. KASI' TKA AS:    Partly cloudy, cooler In northwest portion Sunday    ;    Monday partly cloudy, cooler In north aod »c«t-central portion*. Moderate yarlahle wind* im the conal. VV KST TKA AS:    Fair, cooler In north portion Sundae ; Monday fair. cooler In Miuth and central portion*. NKW MEXICO: (Viverally fair Sunday and Monday ; little change In temperature Temperatures: AM    HUI R    pm •J ........ '       SS ** ............ 2    —..... ss •2      3      ST **      4      SS *4      *      SS *4 ............ «      un *4      t      Ut *•  ........... s      17 Si ...... »      7:t 7.1 ........... IU      __ IS    ti      _ Midnight Noon    %; High and low ten perature* yeatcrtlay. KS and SI; same date a year a.?o, BS aod SS. Sunset yesterday, S:43; sunrise today, • lard; and tun vet tod av. i:42. PRAGUE. Sept. 17—(UP>—A grim note of preparedness was struck today by . the Prager press, which announced that three huge cemeteries will be opened for burials shortly. The announcement, under a headline “The mast modern morgue In Europe,” was sandwiched between Items about the Hitler-Chamberlam conversations. The largest cemetery, at Cho-dov, is big enough for 5009.000 bodies. Wife Of Anson's Secretary Dies ANSON. Sep*. 17—iSpI.l—Mrs. J F. Huie, 70, a resident of Jones j county since 1879 and of Anson since 1881, died at the family home : here this morning. Funeral will be held at 3 o'clock Sunday afternoon at the First Presbyterian church with the Rev, Barney Maclean, pastor, officiating. He will be assisted by the Rev. T. S. Knox of Abilene. Burial will follow in the Mount Hope cemetery here with Barrow-Lawrence funeral home directing. Born Lydia Anderson in Williamson county, January 31, 1868. Mrs. Huie came to Jones county with her parents in 1879, settling at Fort Phantom Hill. Two years later the family moved to Anson. Her father j built the city’s third residence and she attended Anson's firs* school. She married J. F. Huie, May 14 1884. Her husband has been Anson : city secretary the past 17 vears. Survivors include Mr. .Tule, two sons, Arthur L. of Kentucky; Riley of Lubbock; four daughters, Mrs. E. R Russell and Mrs. Bernice Honea. both of Anson; Mrs. E. E. Lawson of Fort Worth; and M D. F. McCollum of New Jersey; and a sister, I Mrs. L. C. Murray, Trent Roosevelt' Aims New Thrust At O'Connor WASHINGTON, Sept. 17.—CTV—A J new "purge• thrust against Repre-j sentative John J. O'Connor of New York, chairman of the powerful house rules committee, came from the White House today. Stephen T. Early, secretary to the ■ president, issued a statement saying that “of course” the president 1 hoped James H. Fay. O’Connor’s i opponent in the democratic pri-1 maries next Tuesday, would win O'Connor, eight-term incumbent and I last man on the president’s personal primary purge list, is seeking not only democratic renomination but also the republican nomination against Allen Dulles. Armed Corps Of Sudetens German Press, Radio Attacks More Violent BERLIN, Sept. 17—(AP)— The German- Czechoslovak crisis was pushed one more dramatic step forward today as Konrad Henlein, outlawed Sudeten German party leader, announced formation along both sides of the German-Czechoslovak border of an armed “free ODrps'' of army-trained Sudetens. CZECH REFUGEES Established with the obvious approval of Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler, the ‘‘free corps” will be composed chiefly of men trained in the Czechoslovak army who have fled into Germany. They will be drilled, armed, and organized against the day when they may be commanded to rush against the Czechoslovak army or police. For the present, according to a spokesman at the German foreign office, their function will simply be that of letting the Sudeten German minority in Czechoslovakia know "they haven't been forgotten.” Henlein announced formation of the armed force in a proclamation setting forth grievances against the Czechoslovak government and concluding: “We therefore assume for ourselves emergency rights which nations have taken at all times by taking to arms and organizing a Sudeten free corps.”’ The proclamation was addressed to ’tens of thousands of fellow countrymen” who were "forced to flee” to Germany. Proposed size of the corps was not immediately learned. DATED AT ASCH Henlein. sought by the Czechoslovak government as a traitor since his proclamation Thursday urging union of Germany and the Sudeten German regions, was understood to be in Germany, although the proclamation was dated at Asch, Czechoslovakia. Formation of the "free corps” followed by one day the Prague government's dissolution of the Sudeten German party and came two days after Prague issued orders for Hen-lein's arrest as a traitor. In his proclamation today Henlein mentioned efforts to reach an “equitable compromise with the Czech people' and then said: “For five years Sudeten Ger-mandom gave proof of this intention. "Today it is necessary to state that all efforts to find this compromise in peaceful labor have failed on account of the Czech tryants’ unconclliatory will to destruction." The German press and radio campaign of recrimination against the Czechs assumed even more alarming proportions. Most of the vituperative words in the German language have been invoked to picture the Czechs as murderous barbarians.” Constitutional Rights Suspended For Three-Month Period By New Edict; Nazi Envoy Threatens Retaliations PRAGUE, Sept. 17—(AP)—The Czechoslovak cabinet tonight decreed a nation-wide state of emergency, a form of martial law, driving home to evef citizen the grave central European situation. Exercising extraordinary powers reserved for times of great national danger, the cabinet abridged constitutional rights of Czechoslovak citizens in the interest of national safety. Security of person was abolished, meaning that persons are subject to arrest without warrants and can be held without charge. New restraints were placed on the press. Letters may be opened by government representatives. Homes may be searched and the right of free assembly wag suspended. The stage of emergency, effective at once, was decreed for a three month period. DIPLOMATIC WARNING Martial law already is In effect In 16 Sudeten German district where grave disorders involving the pro-nazi Germanic minority broke out after Adolf Hitler’s Nuernberg speech Monday night. The new decree suspnded constitutional rights throughout the republic giving the government another weapon to back its firm stand for preserving Czechoslovakia's internal peace In the face of Sudeten demands for annexation by the nazis. Germany's charre d'aflair* tonight threatened Czechoslovakia with retaliation on Czechs living in Germany to offset moves against members of the Sudeten German minority in Czechoso-lovakia. The charge. Andor Henrke, told Premier Milan Hodza that just as many Csech subjects would be arrested in Gemany as Sudeten Gemans were taken into custody in Czechoslovakia where their party has been dissolved officially. The diplomatic warning came while formation of a Sudeten German “free corps” spurred Czechoslovak determination to resist dismemberment and surpress possible disorders. TO MATCH EXECUTIONS In addition Hencke was reported unconfirmed^ to have told the Texas Singers Elect Officers Athenian Named Secretary; Stamps Again President Wade Willis of Abilene was elect ed secretary of the Texas State Singers association in business sea sions Saturday at the annual con j vention here. V O. Stamps of Dallas wa made president for his eighth time He has held that office since th association's formation In 1931 Named vice presidents were J. O ! Sessions of Kearns. R. L. Russ o Eastland. Jim Gather of Dallas anc ; Charlie Smith of Plainview. New members elected to the ex ecutlve committee ere Ernes Rippetoe of Electra. T. H. West brook of Sweetwater, and Rober Arnold of Fort Worth. The executive committee wi] select the 1939 meeting place. Ti date, only Harlingen has asked fo the session. 3,500 AT SESSION Three thousand five hundrec persons were in the automobili premier that if any executions of building for last nights session < Cf        _    J     4    t lift    Ii    An    ilnn    J    .»    _      I    _ Republicans Exhort 'Vigilance' Over FD By The Associated Press Republicans urged the country, in a series of addresses last night, to maintain vconstant vigilance” lest the Roosevelt administration renew what they said were efforts to evade the constitution. They spoke at rallies scattered from Boston to Tacoma. Wash, commemorating the adoption of the constitution by the Philadelphia convention 151 years ago. Sudeten Germans were carried out under courts martial, the same number of Czechs would be executed In Germany. Almost at the same time the Czech legation in Berlin was lodging a protest against what was termed the kidnaping of 40 Czech gendarmes on Thursday night while they were en route to reinforce gendarmerie at Schwaderbach. Schwarderbach was the scene of a fierce engagement between gendarmerie and an attack force of 2,000 Sudeten Germans. Approximately 800,000 Cze-choelovak soldiers and police were reported to be under arms prepared for all eventualities, and advices from the frontier said military construction work was being pushed. Organization on the Czechoslovak border of a “free corps” of armed men hostile to the Czechoslovak government was proclaimed in Ger- I many by Konrad Henlein, fugitive ! leader of the outlawed Sudeten1 German party. the convention. Today's sessioi will open at lo a. rn. and continua straight through until 4 p. rn. Informal program at each ses slon consists of the singing of re ligious hymns by the congregatioi and by special groups. Amoni those quartets present were th Stamps quartets of Dallas ani Lubbock, National Music company men and women's quartets iron Fort Worth, Texas Friendly Fou from Caddo. Sunshine Four (girls from Haskell, and a girls’ quarte from Big Spring. Oldest singer at the conventioi to take an active part is H. N. Lin coin of Dallas. Nearly 80 year of age. he has written songs ani music for many years. He led tjni congregation in a number. Youngest musician on progran Saturday was six-year-old Marlii Ribble, son of Mr. and Mrs. C. B Ribble of Caddo. He plays the ac cordian. To Talk Shutdowns AUSTIN, Sept.    17—(IP)—Argu ments on continuation of statewide production shutdowns through October likely will be presented at the  ......... oil proration hearing here Monday, of the state. ^'Daniel Challenged FORT WORTH. Sept. 17.—<TV Alexander Boynton, San Antoni lawyer and republican nominee fc governor, op-ned his campaig here tonight, fired 20 questions s W. Lee O'Daniel, the democrat! nominee, and challenged the For Worth man to a joint dtbate tou SWINGING INTO FINAL WEEK— SALES CRUSADE BOOSTS LOCAL EMPLOYMENT Do sales make jobs? It s a proved fact that the Salesmens Crusade on a national basis has made jobs. That is the natural sequence. But dubious Abilenians raise the question: "Has the crusade made Jobs here." Director J. E. McKenzie, who is in contact daily with the participants, believes that it does. Several merchants have volnteered the information that they have added one, two or three members to their force; one manufacturing plant employed ten additional. Monday, a survey will be started among Crusading merchants to determine the immediate effect of the crusade in relation to jobs. Each will be contacted by telephone to give th-’ir report for a city-wid* total. Whether the effect will be immediate, or less gradual through an increase in business this fall can probably be determined from the figures. Monday will also fir.' tbi Crusade swinging into the final week. Her* is the calendar as it stood Saturday, there probably will be several additional commodity days: Monday and Tuesday: Household Appliance days. Wednesday: Towel day. Thursday: Cosmetic day. Friday: Taylor County Homegrown Beef day. Saturday: Purse and Handker* chief day. ;