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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 17, 1944, Abilene, Texas ■2SEM W\t Abilene Sporter-jBrtnsi   —    S      „    t1/xnn    .T»r    rmy-,1    V/^fTD    M'HIJf    H    TTY    APTLY    VS    II    GOIS.    —B\TOfl SUNDAY “WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COESZ-Byrori ♦OL. LXIV, NO. 91 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 17, 1944 -THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Presa    IAPI Patted fUJMPRICE H\ E CENTS TULi. DA1V, iXW. .U — —   - —     ——    - IST ON HIGH ROAD TO COLOGNE Marines Win Airfield on Peleliu Allied Armies Hard Fighting Continuing on Nippon Island By The Associated Tress ^Killing more than MOO^Jap" GERMAN PEOPLE LEARN YANKS MEAN BUSINESS BY JAMES M. LONG    I SUPREME HEADQJ ARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE Sept. 16—(ZP)—In the flames of the burned out German village of Wal-lendorf—a sniper's nest — the American army bared today a hard-fisted policy of brooking no interference on its road to victory. Liberation has been left behind in France and Belgium and now American troops are waging war in hostile country and are deter ent Edward D. Ball reported from Third U. S. army headquarters that Wallendorf in the First army sector had been set afire and every building burned because of persistent sniping. The Americans were in no sense adopting the ruthless methods which marked the German invasion and retreat, but in this case buildings from which an enemy-— whether civilian or military—was j    r»    I0 I    in    nosiue    country    anu    an-    ucwi-    ----- —    —------ anesc, Marines captured    I cie-    mined    ^ stop    {orever    the    attempts    firing upon American troops were - *    "    ...    'defense    positions    which    had    to    be knocked    out of the    way for    the advance.    Burning the    buildings    was CIIIV^V,       *    -,    . • I 11 Ii I HT VA VKI OWH    ------ lilt airport on Palau, finest in of thc German army at world con- the western Carolines, and ad- quest. -    —    Associated    Press    Correspond- vanced steadily against strong enemy counterattacks, deific Fleet Headquarters at Pearl Harbor announced last night.    ^    , Bv nightfall Friday (west longi-tude—U. S. date) marking the end of the second day of the invasion oi entry way to the Philippine.-., Marines of the First division won the double-runway airstrip at Pc e-Uu‘1 southern end. The communique made no mention of American casualties. It said several enemy tanks were destroyed and added that severe fighting continued. Carrier-based planes continued close support of 8r0^nd J°rce® throughout Friday, also bombed and strafed Babelthuap, northernmost all largest of the Palau islands, starting several fires. Japanese dead piled up before the blazing guns of the Yank veterans of Guadalcanal. Trapped on the island are an estated 8,000 fanatical Japanese {Sops, apparently willing to die to the last man. Peleliu’s airfield gives the Americans a fighter and bomber strip 51a miles west of Mindanao, a major island in the Philippines. This, tripled with Pitoe field, seized by | General MacArthur on Morotai is- : land northeast of Halmahera, would put mast all of the Philippines un- der threat of Allied bombing. * * * *Fitoe strip is rapidly being readied foi use. On Halmahera southwest the surest way to stop the sniping. It would serve another purpose —that of hammering home to the German people some truths about the firm purpose of the fighting men who are on German soil ~s invaders. Ball’s dispatch said the villagers emerged from thc hill and trudged back to the ruins of their homes through American columns, look ag neither to the right nor left. Their gaunt, peasant faces look* ed like other faces seen in the ruins of Frances devastated villages. Fast Job on Japs Is Quebec Vow WAR PLANS ARE SHAPED, FDR, CHURCHILL REVEAL BERLIN SIGN POST QUEBEC, Sept. 16—‘VP)—President Roasevelt and Prime Minister Churchill pledged today a devastating assault on Japan, with all the resources of their two mighty nations, as soon as Europe is cut from under "the corroding heel cf Nazism. The American chief executive and his British partner closed out today their second Quebec war conference at a news conference at which they said they had reached quick and compelte unanimity on plans for bending Japan into submission Mr. Roosevelt asserted that he and the prime minister were Brazilian Coup Rumors Denied Pacific troops have bypassed 1*^8* Japanese forces that were tricked U%tnd"    AmenC6nS    I    WASHINGTON.    Sept.    M-WV-A Halmahera a i    r d r o rn e s    were    usually -nlormed diplomatic source J* H    )    „    125    tons of bombs as    said here today that cable commu- normal s    small I ideations with Rio Dc Janeiro. Brazil, had been interrupted, but the difficulty was subsequently traced to a temporary denial of the last remnants cf Morotai garrison took to the hills to be hunted down by American troops. Map-angct airdrome on Celebes island hit with 185 tons of bombs. A ium sized freighter in that area was iWi was damaged. Adm. Far out to sea, Vice Marc A. Mitcher’s powerful task force 58, victor over the Japanese in the regent battle of the Philippine sea, roamed on the fhert for the enemy fleet. So far the Japanese navy has shown no disposition to come out and Manila’s Nipponese controlled radio gave a broad hint of the ene-ir*'s apprehension over the outcome cirthe battle for the Palau islands by sternly warning Manila residents to dig air raid shelters at once. Pre-cloudy, the Tokyo radio had. acknowledged the success of the Allied twin drive toward the Philippines by cHceding the fall of Morotai island In the Moluccas to General Mac Arthur and describing the bitter fight for the Palau group.- facilities to one company. The action was taken by the Federal Communications    commission in connection with rate regulations. Normal cable communications with Rio are being maintained, operating agencies reported. fwd to Raise Pay When Rules Permit ETROIT, Sept. 16-t,rd said today in a (TP)—Henry statement not yet ready to put a specific date on the downfall of the enemy in Europe, but when it comes, he said, the Allies will do the fastest possible job on Japan. The British empire, Mr. Roosevelt asserted, is of course, looking forward to participation. And Churchill, himself, formally pledged that the armies, air forces, and naval power of his tremendous empire would be thrown into an offensive against the Pacific foe wnen the fighting in Germany is over. * • * me two ^United Nations leaders sat side by side in pink upholstered chairs on the wooded terrace of Quebec’s ancient Citadel, and in turn told the press of their deliberations. They wore blue bow ties that were almost twins. Churchill had his ever-present cigar spearing from a corner of his mouth and Mr. Roosevelt puffed on a cigarette in an ivory holder. Mrs. Churchill, wearing a double strand of pearls, a blue print dress, a topcoat in cape fashion, and dark sun glasses, listened intently to the discus isons. No questions were permitted. Churchill smilingly remarked that there was a bit of friction at this year’s conference—but he said it resulted only from British fears that the United States By United Press The nearest distances to Berlin from advanced Allied lines todav: WESTERN FRONT — 302 miles (from point east of Aachen. Gain of 53 miles in week.) RUSSIA —312 miles (from Praga. Gain of eight miles in week.) SOUTHERN FRANCE — 423 miles (from point near Belfort. Gain of 40 miles in week.) ITALY'—553 miles (from point north of Florence. Gain of two miles in week.) By Thc Associated Press Germany’s entire defense system in the West was gravely menaced hv the tremendous drive of six Allied armies last night as the U. S. First army. tearing through thc Siegfried line in 24 hours, fought in open country within 26 miles of the bomb-wrecked Rhine land city of Cologne. Ahead of the First army stretched one of Hitler's boasted autobahns, a super road which the Nazis built to facilitate their own troops movements, now a highway of invasion into the Reich’s industrial heart. Southward the swift Third U. S. Armv in double thrusts slashed behind Metz, great French fortress city still in German hands and bv the capture of the western half of Thionville stood only 15 miles from the iron-rich Saar basin. Infantry of the First army were 12 miles east of surrounded Aachen and the fall of that city appeared imminent. Many patrols were beyond the last fortifications before the Rhine. Hundreds of miles behind the western front the siege of Brest ap peared in its final phases and the Paris radio said American forces v/ere in the heart of that big Brit tany port, having taken 12,000 prisoners. On the Allied extreme south flank the U. S. Seventh army was within 33 miles of Belfort gap, escape funnel into the reich for the battered MONTEVIDEO, Sept. 16—— Brazilian Ambassador Joao Baptisia Luzardo said today after contacting the Rio de Janeiro government that he was fully authorized to issue an emphatic denial of reports concerning uneasiness in Brazil. “My government and I can only \ttr bute (the reports) to the work of a fifth column interested in creating disturbances in South America,’’ the ambassador said in an interview. The noon edition of the newspaper El Tiempo said there were rumors that former Foreign Minister Oswaldo Arahnha had been arrested at his Rio residence while other military and civilian leaders also were under detention. LUzardo said such reports were false. l"rc. ---- . made public by the ^    I    Staghound    armored    car.    produced have been tninxing •    stat**    ie    nnw New Armored Car WASHINGTON, Sept. 16— UPV The British supply council announced today a new weapon, the reau that "I and talking about raising wages some time and I am going to do it as soon as the government will rfRmit me.'' The statement by the noted industrialist, whose factories employ about 160,000 persons In the United States, came shortly after Chairman William H. Davis of the War I^bor board said in Washington t .at a new national wage policy is ••inevitable.” The WLB, it was indicated, would send direct or implied recommendations to the White House that labor’s wages be adjusted to meet increased living Cfcts. Twice before Ford has publicly announced a decision to increase wages in his factories. In 1914 he set a $5-a-day minimum wage, well above prevailing rates, and in 1929 he raised the minimum in Ford pfmts to $7 daily. f0r only in the United States, is now in use in various war theaters. Capable of a speed of 50 miles per hour, despite its heavy armor.‘the new vehicle Is used for armed reconnaissance. It has a crew of five men. Nazi V-Bombs Strike Britain LONDON, Sept. 16— UPV— A blast of buzz-bombs drove home to all Britons today the government warning that London is still unsafe from the last flings of German vengeance and chilled the blackness of this last night before the lights go on again over most of England. The robot attack—apparently launcher! from specially equipped Hcinkci Ill’s over the North sea — smashed into southern England and the London arca at dawn, killing at least nine persons and startling millions out of premature complacency. About the time Allied troops were overrunning the robot launching sites along the Calais coast across the channel. Lt. Col. Sir Duncan Sandys, in charge of the robot defense system, had announced that blackout laws in effect for the past five years would be relaxed tomorrow. However. Sandys warned Londoners that future attacks, though less severe than the robot raids of i this summer, could be expected. In' today’s German remote con-j trol    attack, the first since Aug. 31, ' three flying missiles were shot down, Officials    at    Walter    Reed    hospl-I two    of them by Flight Lt. B F Mil- tal,    where    Pershing    has    been    resi- ler    of Minneanolis, Minn., serving dent since a critical illness sev- with an RAF Tempest squadron. See QUEBEC, Pg. 13, Col. 3 General Pershing Shows Recovery WASHINGTON. Sept. 16 —(/^D— John J. Pershing, 84-year old general of the U. S. armies of World War I, showed some recovery today from the illness which has beset him. LONDON, Sept. 16—</P)—The French radio at Algiers said tonight that American forces had reached Belfort, guardian of the Belfort gap into Germany. remnants of the German 19t,h army. To the far north the Germans threw many counterattacks against another American advance east of captured Maastricht, Holland, toward the thin Siegfried fortifications north of Aachen. To the picture of pyramiding German military disaster in the west Supreme Allied headquarters added that the Siegfried line has been “completely penetrated,” but emphasized this was not yet a breakthrough which would enable troops to pour through with case. But it was strongly hinted that a full sized breakthrough was in the offing. The Saar basin, with It* wealth of coal, iron and industry, was imperiled by Lt. Gen. George S Patton's Third army fighting inside Thionville, only 15 miles away. Here the Third seized a section of the Maginot line, which HIGHWAYS I FADING TO BEHLIN — This base map pictures the highways in western "“I.on^r'.i lhe Allies are rollin* lo.ardBerlin.TheC.S. Ut arm,'Saturday « in the open, east of Aachen, driving on Cologne. General I atton s .Id army circled .1 and thrust east toward Saarhruckeii (A1‘ Wirephoto)._________ Red Army in Sofia Warsaw Is Shelled eral years ago, said his condition was improved. Last night the general was reported to have had “a severe setback in his physical condition.” Five children and one adult were killed, four others were seriously injured and seven houses were conf-pletely wrecked by one of the other I bombs. FRONT WITH MAULDIN The Weather ll S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Bl REAU ABILENE ANI)    VICINITY:    Partly cloudy Sunday and Monday. WEST TENAS:    Showers    Del Rio- Eaglf Pa** area and Bin Bend rountry. partly cloudy and warmer remainder Sunday Monday    shower*    and    cooler Panhandle and South Plains. Partly cloudy remainder. FAST TEXAS:    Showers lower Rio Grande valley and lower coast. Partly cloudy interior Sunday. Monday partly cloudy, showers extreme north portion.    ._____ _ TEMPERATURES Fri.    Sat.    -    Frt. Death of Finnish Premier Reported m BY UNITED PRESS Berlin broadcast, heard by NBO in New York, said today that Premier Antii Hackzell of Finland died "last night in Moscow. There was no confirmation from r reliable source. Afaokzell is in Moscow at the K&d of a Finnish peace mission. Sat. AM. 74 73 73 :« AS A7 AA ta HOER  I........ 3  ...... .... 3........ 4 ....... .... 5........ A........ .... 7........ .... 8 ....... ti ....... 7A - 77 ....... .J''....... 78 - HO ......... ......... 80 - 81  12. ....... . Hteh and low temperatures to 8') and 75. High and low same date last year: *4 and ««. Sunset UM night:    <:44. Sunrise thi* morning:    <:-4. Sunset tonight:    7:13. 7A 74 73 *2 71 71 71 71 74 LONDON, Sunday, Sept. 17 (ZP) Red army troops yesterday rolled had I through the capitulated Bulgarian been demodeled to form outworks I capital of Sofia in their drive to* foi the Siegfried line, and turned ward yugoslavia, only 30 miles belts German-installed ^05 mm guns y0n(ji while other Soviet forces on the enemy holding the half of shelled burning Warsaw and began Thionville on the east bank of the iayinK pontoon assault bridges Maselle.    ( ac.r0ss the Vistula river from the The main interest in the fighting | captured suburban area of Prago. centered, on the struggle around Aachen and it was on this sector that supreme headquarters said the Siegfried line had been “completely penetrated.” The drive put Lt. Gen. Hodges’ First army infantry on Hitler's autobahnen—a super highway on the road to Cologne and Berlin. It was considered likely there still were some fixed obstacles between them and the Rhine.    11 la a crowing feeling among Russians Aachen itself, once the capital 18 8     q„h    Rritish ’ Charlemagne's empire of the that Berlin broadcasts reported without Soviet confirmation Reds Fear We May Turn Soft MOSCOW, Sept. 16——There West. appeared to be toppling, with patrols darting into the city and doughboys surrounding it. (The German agencv DNB said the Allies had thrown reinforcements of tanks and infantry into the battle of Aachen “on a large scale.") • * • Forty miles to the south the Americans who had reached the edge of Prum, a strongpoint in the See GERMANY, Pg. 13, Col. 7 Yanks Turn Krupp Guns on the Nazis *-I tried one of them labor-management argyments wit* Lootenant Atkins.” By EDWARD D. BALL WITH THE AMERICANS BEFORE THIONVILLE. Sept. 16 —UP) The U. S. Third army captured a section of the Maginot line on the west side of the Moselle in this area today and turned the German-installed 105 mm guns on the enemy across the river. The main stronghold seized here was Fort Gingringen, which was built in 1870 and modernized by the French in 1919. In 1940 the Germans replaced the French-installed 75 mm. guns with Krupp-manufactured 105’s. The Ameri- Icans captured these intact with their ammunition. the Americans and British may take too easy an attitude towards the Nazis after the war. Already comments and observations cropping up in the press point toward a Russian opinion that we may be sentimental about the Germans. Characteristic is the comment by the famous writer Ilya Ehrenburg in today’s issue of Pravda, Communist party paper. •I have read carefully different proposals for extermination oi Naziism,” he wrote. “In American papers I have found a number of suggestions which would tend to be amusing if one could laugh after such things as the Maidaner camp at Lublin, after Babi Yar and other atrocity camps. "One fellow suggested that the Hitlerites were cruel because they absorbed too few vitamins. could be improved through shotting touching movie films. A third mentioned the fate of top-flight Hitlerites, suggesting that they be isolated on an island near California and given a comfortable house to live in. “This is not funny; it is frightening.'’ Ehrenburg, whose words carry weight here, went on: “The criminals must be punished. Humanity cannot refuse to accept the sword of justice to bring about balances. Planes Fan Out, Balter Supplies LONDON. Sunday. Sept. 17— Allied fighters and fighter bombers, fanning out for hundreds of miles in the area immediately behind th* Siegfried line, struck German locomotives, tank cars, trucks and barges rushing reinforcement* and supplies to the enemy defenses Saturday. Simultaneously 150 medium bombers of the IT. S. Ninth air fore* dumped 300 tons of bombs on th* isthmus and dike connecting Wal-cheren island in Antwerp harbor with the mainland to prevent th* German garrison from making a fortress of that position. Tao bomb* els failed to return. The pilots who strafed German transport reported they hit 54 locomotives, 30 oil tank cars, IOO railway cars, three barges and three grounded German planes. Neither the medium bomber* nor the fighters sighted any enemy planes in the air as the weather turned bad and reduced operations. Late Saturday night the Berlin ed the entry into Sofia by units : radio    warned “enemy    bombers    for- of Marshal Fcoder I. Tolbukhin’s: nations are    again    over    northwest Third Ukraine army, putting the    Germany,” in    an    apparent continu- Russiar.s within 60 airline miles of ation of the offensive by more than the Skoplje-Nis-Belgradc railway,    SOO    RAF    and    Canadian planes that German escape route from Greece    set    huge    fires    at    the big Kiel naval and lower Yugoslavia, which a1- base    Friday    night, readv has been cut by Marshal Tito’s Kiel. still smouldering from at-Parttsans    Sofia    is    only    104    miles    tack earlier in the week bv Ameri- north    of the    Greek    port    of    Salon-1 can heavies, was deluded with In I cendiaries which crews Since their crossing into Bulgaria Sept. 8 the Russian* had traveled an airline distance of 225 that three armies, using upwards of 400,000 men in a big new offensive in the north, had begun a drive on Riga and that one spearhead in an 18-niilc advance was only 20 milrs south of the latvian capital on the Baltic sea. A late dispatch said the Russians had begun stringing pontoons on the Vistula opposite Warsaw despite the raking fire of Grrman batteries on the western banks. Officially, Moscow merely reported that the Red army had extended its artillery arc with the seizure of additional localities along the east bank of the river northwest of the Praga bridgehead. • • • A Marrow communique announc. said set fires they could see more than IO miles on the way home. miles to Sofia in their swift drive to annihilate all the Axis troops in Yugoslavia, Greece, and Albania. Elements of Marshal Rodion Y. See RUSSIANS, Pg. 13, Col. 4 Paper Drops Ads DALLAS. Sept. 18—1The Dallas Morning News announced tonight that it will appear Monday “without any advertising whatsoever.” Citing a critical shortage of newsprint, the front-page announcement said “it may be necessary to do the same thing on other days of September.” To stay within its newsprint allocation for the quarter ending Sept. 30, the News “must curtail news content, limit circulation and still further tation advertising.” Cruiser Augusta Docks at Philly PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 16— (RI —Arrival at the Philadelphia Navy yard of the USS Augusta, heavy cruiser which took part in the invasions of Normandy and the south of Fiance, was announced today by the fourth naval district. The Augusta, frequently under fire in both actions, escaped damage and did not lose a man, the Navy said. It will be reconditioned at the yard. Village Captured NEW YORK, Sept. 16——Radio Atlantic clandestine German language station whose location never has been disclosed, said today Allied forces had captured Eschweiler, seven miles northeast of Aachen and were only 21 miles from Cologne. The broadcast was recorded by NBO. ;