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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 17, 1938, Abilene, Texas WEST TEXAS’! UWN NEWSPAPER®fje Mote Reporter ~i8tevo£'‘WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE!CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES,"-Byron !★★★ EVENING VOL. LYM I, NO. 109. Vmttm4 rrui (DP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 17, 19S8—EIGHT PAGES Abbottmled Fkii (AP) PRICE FIVE CENTSFRANCE JOINS BRITAIN IN PEACE EFFORTS WHAT FRANCE, BRITAIN TO DO— ?Oa '■OC ! NIGERIA J' (Q J    ^    PRB    ICH    > WH rte HULLED VESSELS ARE «EfCH-BUCH HULLED VESSELS ACB B&TiSH.. ^ In case of war, what would France and Britain do? Thats a big question in Europe right now, and it is answered in the map above. Tile two countries a have made it clear that they would fight shoulder to .-boulder in event of war. And the fact that war can start in 90 minutes (the length of time it would take German bombers to fly to Pans) lias H caused Britain and France to go so far as to make Joint military plans. Here s what would happen lf war broke out (and you can follow each move on the map*: -    France would pull mos: of her W    fleet out of the Atlantic and into the Mediterranean. The gigantic British fleet would handle the Atlantic, the North sea and the English channel. Britain would keep some vessels in the Mediterranean, partly to maintlan her “life line" to India, partly to help convoy ships bringing troops and supplies from Frances North African colonies. British bombing and fighting planes, already poised in the south of England, would dash to pre-arranged French airdromes. British tanks, mobile artillery and soldiers would be rushed across the channel to strengthen French forces at the famous Maginot line on the German border. Thus the combined British-Frencb forces would be ready at a moment s notice to defend or attack at any point from the North sea to the Mediterranean. a Hitler's Ultimatum NOT BLUFF But Real War Threat By WEBB MILLER (Copyright, 1938, by United Press) Sept 17 .—(UP)— Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden Thursday Q presented Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain of Great Britain with an uncompromising demand for cession of the Sudeten area of Czechoslo-\akia to Germany in terms almost tantamount to an ultmatum. He did not set a time limit. But he insisted with the greatest determination that Germany could not tolerate much longer the continuous Czech attacks on Sudeten Germans.” 4    •    • T, learn(*d todav. «as the unexpected development which sent Chamberlain scurrying hack to London after only a little more than one hour of effective talk, although he had planned to remain longer Hitler in effect put it up to Great Britain and France to force the (zechoslovak government to agree to what would amount to dismemberment. • In other words. Hitler placed Britain and France In a position where they cither would have to “sell the Czechs down the river” or face the Imminent possibility that Germany would take military action with its connotations of the danger of war. w, n ChEntberlain asked Hitler to define the “self determination” which he had mentioned, the fuehrer left no doubt that he meant ces-4 sion of Sudetenland to his nazi reich. •    a    • Hitler emphasized his desire for a peaceful solution but did not con-ahortly Gcrmany might fecl lmI*3ed to act unless there was a solution ■ .    Chamberlain s arrangement to meet Hitler probably Thursday at Godesberg,    near    Bonn    on    the Rhine,    froze    the    crisis    for    a    few    davs. But actually    it    was    even    more    acute    than    before    the    Berchtesgaden Iliff ting. The Czechoslovak government’s order for dissolution of the Sudeten German party certainly brought the crisis nearer the breaker point so far as Hitler was concerned. i i^A °?™an wrlt*r* routed to be one of the best informed in Berlin loia me today;    ' ‘Even without waiting for the next meeting between Hitler and Chambertin we might be forced to take strong action if, for instance, IOO Sudetens were killed today or tomorrow. J)    •    •    • i j QuesUon of eventual peace seemed to hinge on whether France wmSh    rem.*Vr    da!}grr    of    *    war    in *hlch she might be Involved,’ ™ J, vim* L **    ,0    make    a    suPremc «Wort to force the Czechs ^ TanCs^and even more important whether she could brow brat the Czechs into further concessions w hich would mean the virtual dismemberment of the Czech nation. 6 So far there was every indication that the Czechs would fight be-fore they agreed to cede Sudetenland. ™*rV^med Just a bare possibility that France, lf insistently pressed by Chamberlain to go to extreme limits to avoid the catastrophe of a genet a1 war, might indicate to the Czechs that they would have to yield. • • • Af— J"?, situatlon today looked darker than at any time since Hitler made his speech at Nurnberg Monday. After testing the atmosphere at Berchtesgaden Thursday and here today, I can not subscribe to suggestions that Hitler la pulling the most monumental bluff in diplomatic history. I am told that just before he saw Chamberlain he told a friend: -    Never    in my Ihe have I been so sure that I was right.” I am convinced that he is unshakably determined to absorb the Suddens into the Greater Reich one way or another, sooner or later. It looks today as if It would be sooner. • • • Certainly the atmosphere is more ominous than at any time during the present crisis. Foreign newspapermen had suit cases packed •ready to jump to the Czechoslovak frontier. Embassy staffs remain on duty late and return early. On the roads one can see Sudetens who have fled from Czechoslovakia, with their cars loaded with possessions Spick and span units of the army march along the great new highway to the border Tank trucks in convoys carry airplane gasoline There on the “ne “lhe mllH^ Daladier to Fly To London tor Cabinet Talks Britishers Agreed Haste Necessary lf War Is Averted BERLIN, Sept 17— (AP)—Konrad Hen-lein, leader of the Sudeten German party, today ordered establishment of a “free corps” a I o n % the C z e c h o slovak - German border beginning today. PARIS, Sept. 17.—(UP) — France moved directly into the British negotiations over the Czech crisis today when Premier Edouard Daladier and Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet decided to fly to London to confer with the British cabinet chiefs. It was announced that the minister would fly to London tomorrow. They will be given a complete account of Britain’s deliberations and plans of procedure and asked to support them. There was little doubt here that France would go along with Britain. It is believed in well-informed quarters here that Germany's chances of absorbing Sudetenland without war are increasing, although this opinion may be changed if reports of Czechoslovakia's determination to resist a plebiscite are confirmed in London. Runciman Reports Czechs to Fight LONDON. Sept. 17.—(UP) — Czechoslovakia would fight rather than accept a plebiscite, Viscount Runciman was understood to have told the cabinet today. The British negotiator in Czechoslovakia was present at a morning session of the cabinet at which the ministers strove earnestly to draft a compromise plan which Adolf Hitler might accept in a second conference with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. Runciman’s information, it was feared, might take the cabinet's efforts futile because the word was that Hitler has insisted on nothing less than a plebiscite, uncompromisingly phrasing his demand so that it would be an ultimatum, except that he set no exact time limit. DEFINITELY OPPOSE WAR The cabinet met at ll a rn. and then again at 3 p. rn. after a luncheon adjournment. Runciman conferred with the king in the afternoon. It was learned that a cabinet majority. which included the more influential members, definitely opposed plunging Great Britain into a war over Czechos:ovakia if there was any means of avoiding it. The cabinet's main thought was that whatever was done must be done with the most urgent speed. Not only had Adolf Hitler pressed Chamber lain for early—aud absolutely compliant — agreement to his demands but there was danger, increasing every hour, of an incident which would make war certain. But the cabinet was expected to confirm its stand that if Germany made war on Czechoslovakia and France went to Czechoslovakia’s aid. Britain would support France. SEEK COMPROMISE Hence the idea was conceived of an immediate compromise plan which Chamberlain might present to Hitler—provided that meantime the German army had not moved to aid the Sudeten Germans on See CABINET. Pf. 3, Col 5 STOCKS DIVE NEW YORK, Sept. 17.— (I P)—Another burst of selling sent the stock market tumbling in the early trading today after a minor decline in a quiet opening. Offerings came so last that the ticker machinery clogged. The tape ran several minutes behind the market. Prices declined fractions to $5 a share, the latter in Philip Morris (cigarettes). United States Steel sank to '52.75, off 3.62 1-2; Chrysler 65, off 2.50; Westinghouse Electric, 96.12 1-2, off 2.87 1-2; du Pont 127, off 3; Texas Corporation 40, off 2; and U. S Rubber 40.25, off 2.37 1-2. Czechs Refuse To Yield Inch Beleaguered Little Nation Prepares To Fight to Last Man Against Plebiscite Bv REYNOLDS PACKARD PRAGUE. Czechoslovakia. Sept. 17.— <UP) —Czechoslovaks said today that they intended to hold and defend every inch of their territory, including Sudeten German areas, even if it meant fighting to the last’man. That is the official viewpoint. It is the viewpoint of the government and of the army high command. It is the loudly expressed opinion of the man in the street, who is becoming more and more restive under constant strain. And. today, at least, it is the answer of the Czechoslovak ration to threats and plans of the big powers. A foreign office spokesman said to the United Press today; ''There is only one answer to the latest developments. That is we will defend every inch of territory that belongs to Czechoslovakia. We will -(fight if necessary. There will be OOO a *    ♦ • OO Residents of Eger, Czechoslovakia, made swift preparations to flee the district when rioting broke out between Czechs and the Sudeten German minority Wednesday. This picture, showing refuge's loading possessions into a motor lorry, was taken Wednesday, flown to London and then sent by radio to New York after a’mospheric disturbances subsided suffi* c.iently to permit tram mission. Need for Haste Seen in Berlin Reich Observers Believe Britain Forced to Accept BERLIN, Sept. 17— (UP)—Great Britain must not only accept Adolf Hitlers terms in the Czechoslovak minority crisis ut must accept them soon, it was reported today in political quarters. Well informed sources said that the center of gravity, diplomatical. ly, had shifted to London and that Hitler planned no move before he heard from Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. SUDETENS FLEE. RETURN The German official news agency asserted that 23,000 Sudeten Germans, in all, had fled the ’ terror” in Czechoslovakia and the number was increasing rapidly. Refugee camps were being established in Germany and in Austria. It was reported that almost the entire leadership of the fleeing Czeeroslo\ akia to avoid Tieing Czechoslovakia to avoid arrest, had returned under cover to keep Sudetens organized. In Berlin there was but one view: Hitler’s terms, and the union of a substantial part of the Sudeten country to Germany, must be accepted. Reports blazoned in newspapers were calculated to enrage all Germans, regardless of political affiliation. A German news agency dispatch from Chemists, for instances, reported that a Sudeten woman and her five children were shot dead by Czech frontier guards after ignoring an order not to try to leave the martial law- area. There were reports that Sudeten German army reservists were rounded up at the pistol point and forced to respond to a call for Czechoslovak army duty; that relatives of reservists who escaped to Germany were shot by firing squads; that gendarmes searched the Sudeten countryside for hiding Sudeten reservists and fired shots into barns and haystacks and such other places as they suspected might be places of refuge. Injured Pilot Dies BURNET, Sept. 17.—w*)—Walter Duffey. 22-year-old Fort Worth pilot, died in a hospital here Fridav of injuries suffered in a plane crash yesterday on the edge of town. Tile ship crashed into a tree as Duffey took off after refueling. Rajah to Aid Britain BIKANER. Rajputana. India, Sept. 17.—(JP)—The Maharajah of Bikaner, ruler of nearly 10.000.000 persons, today offered all his resources to George VI in event Great Britain should become involved in war The Weather Abll»n« and Vicinity Fair tonight and Sunday. wWt Texaa West of lOOih Meridian— Fair tonight and Sundav. Faut Tt-xaa Haft of Tooth Meridian — Fair tonignt and Sundav Highest temperature yesterday, 78; lowest tnt* morning. St. no question of giving up part of our nation.” COUNT ON RUSSIA It is understood authoritatively that the government believes that it will not be deserted by France and Great Britain, in any ex*rem-ity, because Germany’s push eastward would conflict, even if Indirectly, with Brit!”*) empire interests The government also counts IOO per cent on its alliance with France, believing that it will bring Prance into the fight in event of war. Also the government appears to have received definite assurances that Russia, in accordance with its obligations under the Czechoslovak-Russian alliance, will rush airplanes, soldiers and artillery to Czechoslovakia at the moment any ingression was committed. 'It has been reported that Ro’i-mania is ready to peimi; Russian planes and armies to cross the approximately 150 miles of Roumanian soil between Russia and Czechoslovakia—Ed) PACT SUGGESTED Ernst Kundt, Sudetea leader detailed to remain here, said todav in a proclamation to Sudeten Germans: •’Under political pressure by short sighted elements which still do not realize before what grave decisions Europe stands today, the government has considered it wise to terminate activities of the Sudeten party. Do not let yourselves be misled. It is not important today whether there is a party organization Iii Czechoslovakia. For us, the only decisive thing is the further fate of our Sudeten Germans in the homeland.” Kundt and Foreign Minister Kamil Krofta gave me, in interviews the divergent views of the Sudeten party and the government. Krofta. while denouncing the idea of a plebiscite, suggested some sort of regional pact to guarantee |. Czechoslovakia s integrity. He hinted strongly that such a pact would make it unnecessary for Czechoslovakia to continue its alliance with Russia, an alliance which Hitler hates. ,PLEBISCITE DENOUNCED Kundt criticized the government for banning the Sudeten party and said: "I don't intend to give up my parliamentary mandate on the decision of the government. They will have to use force to prevent me from fulfilling my duties as a deputy.” Perhaps the most direct public denunciation of dismembership was made by Rudolph Bechyne, deputy premier, in a newspaper article. 'No Czech government would ever consent to a plebiscite," he said, "and if ever such a government were found it would be swept away within an hour by the nation, which chooses death rather han dismembership of the country. “A plebiscite would solve nothing At least 1.000,000 Germans would flee from the plebiscite area to the interior, thus creating a new German minority which would be used as a pretext for a new Sudeten question, until the republic was destroyed. ’ In this country there will be no plebiscite and no international police." Windows of this candy shop in Eger. Czechoslovakia, center of Nazi-Czerh disturbances, were smashed in Wednesday's outbreak. Police are shown In this radio picture pa troll mg the main street after they had restored order. TRUCKERS STRIKING New York Food Cut Off OTY COMMISSIONERS SCRATCH Cify ,0 lnsure HEADS OVER SCHOOL PROJECT No Shor,39e CZECH BORDER DWELLERS BELIEVE WAR REMOTE ASCH, Czechoslovakia, Sept. 17.—(AP)—Most people on both sides of this strategic German-Czechoslovak frontier have reached the conclusion that there will not be war now over the Sudeten German dispute. They may be badly informed, but that is what they say they believe. Less than a week ago these people, who would be caught in the center of a conflict between Gcrmany and Czechoslovakia, thought otherwise. The now leaderless Sudetens were so certain Adolf Hitler was going to enter Czechoslovakia, aa he did Austria, that they caused sufficient disorders to bring down upon themselves the army with armored cars and tanks. But Hitler hesitated. Their leader, Konrad Henlein, fled. So dismay is spreading through the most ardent advocates of union with Germany. Abilene has a 1100.000 juniot high I school project on file with the Public Works administration, but it was not among the 142 Texas projects for which funds were allocated Friday. That was a matter of concern.— but no surprise, to the city commission at its session yesterday. The reason:    Abilene has found no means of providing the $55,000 which must be assured before thr PW A will finally approve the project and allocate $45,000 sought in federal funds. WARRANTS ILLEGAL Secondary would have been the fact that the projects on yesterday s list were $65,000 and less. David 8. Castle, architect, appeared before the commission to discuss the matter; to urge thst the city use everv means in its power to secure the $55,- 000. even to the point of suggesting that interested citizens might pome to the rescue. He was confident of immediate approval—once the city's finance * is assured. City Atty. Edmund Yates, who was assigned two months ago to work with a citizens’ committee on the finance problem, reviewed the lengths to which the city had gone in seeking to provide the funds He cited: 1. That the warrants issued six weeks ago with the hope of borrowing from Abilene banks the $55.-000, had been definitely turned down as illegal. This, because an amendment to the warrant law does away with Lie power of a city to renew warrants of this type. (Tile warrants bear maturity dates of on! or before next May I, payable out 1 of the general fund, but renewal I was to have been the city's one hope# REFUNDING INVOLVED 2. That the city might borrow temporarily, taking a chance on voting bonds, yet the city has no the the he margin on which to vote bonds. 3. That in seeking to issue bonds, or even contractor's warrants (also studied) the general refunding program for the city's $3.-900.000 bond debt might be hampered. Castle suggested that the citizens’ committee be called into session again to study the problem; Mavor Hair indicated that he would likewise favor such a conference. W. J. Fulwiler Is chairman of the committee, composed of 13 other business men who during the summer spent considerable time working out recommendations on refunding program and school situation. The $100,000 school project was their final recommendation, “I know one man who said personally would provide $3,000 there may be more," Castle suggested. “I can't believe that is the proper way,” said Mayor Hair. "It should be a problem for the city—not individuals,” he observed. There was further talk of means of securing the funds—nothing definite. October I Is the deadline for j Abilene to have the money, or to show that a bond election has been called Both appeared improbable in the light of yesterday's confer-1 ence. The school project was dropped from the PIVA list two weeks ago, but interested citizens immediately enlisted the aid of Texas senators and Cong. Clyde L. Garrett. Reinstatement w-as secured. The $100,000 project would pro-: vide an addition to the Fair Park auditorium, wings extending 85 feet east and west from the rear of the j structure The auditorium would be | utilized for school purposes, the, addition would be classrooms. Jersey Truckmen Halt at Entrance To Holland Tunnel NEW YORK, Sept. 17.-0P)-Act ing Mayor Newbold Morris said to day emergency action would be tak en to insure the “uninterrupte shipment” of foodstuffs into th city as a three-day-old “outlaw’ strike of insurgent truckmen halte hundreds of New Jersey true" bringing food supplies through th Holland tunnel "The police department Is losin no time in making a survey of th entire situation to determine t what extent the public ts or ma. be affected by the strike,” Morr^ said. Strike leaders insisted that a1 perishable foods were permitted t pass the picket lines. Earlier, Abe Klein, chairman of a rank and file committee, had said that only food destined for hospitals, orphan asylums snd persons on relief would be allowed to enter the city. He said 9,000 truckers were affected. At least IOO large trucks, load with supplies from the New Jersey farms which provide a large por tion of New York's fresh food, wee parked near the tunnel at 9 a. rn Hundieds of others returned to Ne Jersey. Few drivers of incoming true' refused to join the strike. St reels in a wide area in the vi cinity of the tunnel were soon Un with abandoned trucks. Water Bonds Voted ASPERMONT, Sept. 17.—Asper mont voted 90 to 4 yesterday for th issuance of $25,000 in reven ge bonds to match a like amount provided fc a loan and grant from the PW A fo construction of a municipal water works system here. ;

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