Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 16, 1954, Abilene, Texas
FAIR AND WARMWf)t ^bflene"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
LXXIV, NO. 02AuociatedPrea (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPT. 16, 1954—THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 6c, SUNDAY lOt
Dulles Says Pacific
SO THAT’S A FOOTBALL!~T\vo new Abilene Christian College students from Switzerland, Kurt (center) and Heinrich (right) Blum, tw’in brothers, are plenty curious about football. Visiting the ACC student body president, Dick (Fuzzy) Lunsford, on the football field, the twins get their first look at a football or a football player.
SAN ANTONIO. Sept. 15 UR-Cpl. Claude Batchelor’s defense said today it will call a Dutch expert to testify about effects of Communist brain-washing on the slender young Texan.
The expert’s testimony, it was claimed, will be that “brain-washing puts the victim in a state of mind to think that the things he was doing were the most patriotic.’’
*The Kermit soldier, 22, is being tried by court-martial on charges of collaborating with the enemy and informing on fellow prisoners while in North Korean POW camps.
Defense counsel Joel Westbrook said he will call Dr. Jost Meerlo of New York, former chief of the psychological department of The Netherland’s army.
Today’s witnesses were Joel Adams. Sgt. Robert Collett and Edward Clevenger. All were in POW camps with Batchelor and all testified Batchelor sought improved living conditions in the camps.
Collett said that shortly after his capture he and other POWs including Batchelor were herded together and food became so short the American soldiers fought each other for it. Despite this, he said, he saw Batchelor give part of his food to sick prisoners or those hungrier than he. “I know he helped men out,’’ Collett said. “I saw him do it, he did not show any partiality.”
Hotel Heir's Baby Stolen; Mother Dead
PARIS. Sept. 15 (ft — James Goldsmith, handsome young British hotel heir, charged tonight an “unknown person or persMis” kidnaped the daughter bom in the tragic climax of his runaway romance with a Patino tin heiress.
Statements fron Goldsmith and police sources ft.g>|ested the ♦-months-old girl may be with a member or servant oi the Patino family.
Had Been Difficnltiea
Police aounei said there had been difficulties between Goldsmith and the fabulously wealthy Patino family over custody of the ehild. Isabela.
Goldsmith reported to French police that the child had been kidnaped from a hotel in suburban Versailles and told reporters she had been under the care of her grandmother, Mrs. Antenor Patino. since Sept. 1 when Goldsmith left Paris on a business trip.
Goldsmith's wife, Isabela, died •hortly after the child was born by Caesarian operation May 14. Isabela, the daughter of the Bolivian tin kuig, Antenor Patino, and Goldsmith made headlines early this year when they eloped to Scotland
“The child has been with my fee HOTEL HEIR, Pf. S-A. Cel. 4
H SU REGISTRATION BEGINS
ACC Enrolls 1,601; Classes Open Today
That Abilene Christian College will have a record fall term enrollment was virtually assured Wednesday when the student body reached 1,601.
Official registration ended Wednesday at ACC but late-comers are expected to swell the toUl.
Only 89 more students are needed to surpass the record 1,689 that attended ACC in the fall of 1948.
Registration was off to a good start Wednesday at Hardin-Sim-mons University. Registration booklets were issued to 1,162 persons with Thursday remaining to complete official enrollment, A. B. Lee. registrar, announced.
ACC's registrar. Ken Rasco. said Wednesday night 1,410 students had signed up at this same time last year. Final 1953 enrollment of 1,557 has already been passed.
Rasco said 147 students registered after the regular period last year. On that basis Rasco thinks that by the time all late studenta ! have signed up the enrollment at
ACC will reach 1,700, as earlier predicted, Rasco said it will probably be two weeks before the final figure is known.
Regular classes begin Thursday morning at ACC.
Reuel Lemmons, minister of tha Central Church of Christ at Cleburne, will give the formal ^n-ing address for the 49th annual session at 10 a re. in Sewell Auditorium.
The traditional Paul’s speech on Mars Hill, .Acts 17;22-S1, will be read by James F. Cox. former dean and president, and now professor emeritus of Bible.
George L. Minter, Jr., president of the Chamber of Commerce, will extend greetings from Abilene. George W, Bailey, minister of the College Church of Christ, will speak for Abilene Churches oi Christ. Dick (Fuzzy) Lunsford, student body president, will give the welcome from the students association.
Classes at Hardin-Simmons will begin at 8 a.m. Friday.
Dance Opens 2-Day Lalin Celebration
Two days of festivity celebrating Mexico’s independence from Spain were begun by Abilene La-tin-Americans Wednesday night at a dance at Stevenson Park.
By f p.m. the crowd on and surrounding the dance pavilion at the park numbered an estimated 500.
The Mexican nationals and their descendants commemorate Sept. 16 as their independence day for it was on that date in 1810 that Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla sounded the “grito” (shout) of Mexican independence. Mexico’s independence was actually won from Spain Sept. 27, 1821.
The dance Wednesday night was halted long enough for a speech by Alberto Flores Millan, chairman of the committee planning the event.
The fiesta was to begin again at 6 a m. Thursday with the raising of American and Mexican flags in a ceremony at Houston Elementary School. The ceremony was to include a 21-gun salute.
At 3:30 p.m. Thursday Maria Louisa Esparra, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alphonso Esparra. 816 North Treadaway Blvd., will be crowned fiesta queen.
The queen and her court will be honored at a program at 7:30 p.m. followed by a dance that will last until 3 a.m. Friday. Mexican folk dances will be a part of the program honoring Uie fiesta royzilty.
Mexican food ia on sale at booths lining the dance area at the park.
The public ia invited to the program, Chairman Millan said.
FIESTA! — Shirley Caniagal, 10, and Johnny Herrera, 9, were a pair of the brightly costumed dancers at a Mexican Independence Day dance Wednesday night at Stevenson Park. The youthful te.m was featured in the “Mumba.” (Staff Photo by Bob Gulley) __
3 States to Argue Court's Plans for Segregation Rule
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Howard Road Bids Opened
Low bidders on two Howard County highway projects were announced Wednesday by the State Highway Department at Austin.
The work consists of constructing an overpass over the Texas 4 Pacific tracks on U. S. Highway to about five miles west of Big Spring and paving 129 miles Farm Road 821.
The overpass will be a portion •( the freeway construction from Big Spring to the Martin County lint. George Smith, assistant Abilene district highway engineer, •aid Low bid of awroxlmately $81,000 was submitted by C. H Hams 4 Co of Waco The structure will be 428 feet iorg and hav * a 2 i |o>* i ay, Smith said It will M'rve the west-bound twm lanes of U. S. 80 Contract for con.^truction of two new lanes to U S. 80 imkI for •traightening and resurfacing of the original highway wa.s let in May, .Smith said That work is 65 per cent ctvmplele. The entire project covers about IS miles, he said Farm Road «21 will l>e paved bmn about 10 miles east of U. S §7 near Rv»#» City to U, S «0 about four miles east of Coahoma The contract calls for grading, drainage, structure! and surfacing for the Kb foot pavement on a 24 foot crown, Smith said la>w bidder at $1M,457 waa Cage Brothers San Antonio.
Work <* both projecU should ■tari 111 about 10 to 10 days. Smith Mki.
18 MONTHS IN RED PRISON
Freed Yanks Tell About Bedbugs, Brain Washing
HONG KONG, Sept. 15 (iH-~Bed-bugs. brain washing and isolation in darkened cells—that waa the Red China encountered by two American newsmen and a Brooklyn ship captain w ho r^umed today. ill and shaky, from 18 months as prisoners of the Communists.
There w’ere flies, too. and endless meals of rice.
“They brain wash you frwn time to time." said Richard Applegate. 37, of Medford. Ore., a National Broadcasting Co. correspondent. after setting foot on this British crowm colony. “We had to tell them we loved communism be fore we could leave."
Seised Ml Yawl Hia companions were Donald Dixon, 25, of New York, an International News Service correspondent and Benjamin Krasner, 31. a ship captain, all seized ab^rd the 42 fo4>t yawl Kert by a Heil Chinese gunboat off Hong March 21. 1953. whiie they were sailing toward Portuguese Macao, “Any boat that ia small enough ia apt to be capluretl by the Communists,” said Dixon. "They like to jump on amall things. The ma-chinegunners looked like they were itching to shoot somebody who couldn't shoot back"
Krasner, so run down he had trouble focusing his eyes, said he was forced to algn confessions writ ten in Chinese without even knowing their meaning.
Windowless Cells For the last 10 months, the three had been confined in small, windowiesi cells in a Canton jail Taken by the Reds to the border bridge at tiOwu station today, they were met by U S. Vice Consul Hod-ridge, who brought them in his car about 40 milet to Hong Kong. Hodrldge'a limple grtetii^ waa:
*T am a friend from the American
Applegate was wearing toiled blue jeans and a sport shirt which appeared to be the tame clothing in* which he sailed on his ill-fated voyage. Dixon, who seemed to be in the worst ph>'sical condition, was in slacks. Krasner wore soiled
About 70 reporters and photographers gathered at the Peninsula Hotel in Kowloon, Hong Kong colony city on the mainland, to interview them.
“Lei us go up to our rooms and calm down first,” one returnee
See TANKS. Pg. I-A. CM. f
WA^ILNGTW. Sept. 15 lf»-Th« first step toward resumption of Supreme Court arguments on school segregation was taken today when attorneys for three southern states filed notice they wanted to take part in the legal debate.
Attorneys general for Florida. North Cardina and Oklahoma informed Supreme Court Clerk Harold B. Willey they wish to present their states’ viewt when new arguments are heard sometime in the fall.
How and When
The question for debate th«i is how and when the tribunal should order desegregation of white and Negro pupils.
Arkansas. Tennessee. Maryland and Texas also notified Willey they wished to file “friend of the court" briefs later. The court clerk said it was not clear whether these four also wished to take part in the oral arguments and he planned to ask them to clarify the point. If they wish to take part they will be permitted to do so on the basis of the notices received.
Cases Ml Docket
The Supreme Court decision lasl May 17 that segregation of public schdbl pupils violates the Ccmstitu-tion was given in cases from Virginia. South Carolina. Kanas, Delaware »nd the District of Columbia. The court left these five cases on its docket in calling for new
As of now, it appears the renewed arguments will be by attorneys for only seven states, the District of Columbia and by U.S. Atty. Gen. Herbert Brownell. Attorneys fcH" Negro parents in the five decided cases also may argue without advance notice.
TTie Supreme Court opens its fall terra (m Oct. 4. D’iring the week of Oct. 4 the justices will decide when to hear the renewed arguments. The date could be in November, December or early next year.
PoinU LlMed Warren invited atu>me]iv to discuss these p<^ts:
1. Should the tribunal order that Negro children be admitted at once to public schools nearest their homes or should there be “an effective gradual sdjustment” to s system not based on color dibstiiie-tions?
t. Assuming a gradual changeover, should the court spell out instructions to the four states and District of Columbia? Should it appoint a special master to hear evidence aaid recommend specific terms? Or should it direct federal di^ct courts to work out details and frame final decrees?
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AUSTIN, Sept. 15 (iB-Atty. Gen. J(^ Ben Shepperd said today be will file a brief on segregation for the Suiwwne Court Uiis fall.
The brief will urge the view that Texas should be allowed to work out its own problems, Shepperd said.
“Having consulted with a wride cross • section of educators, teachers, legislators and state officials, we feel that w# shmild file a brief in order to pn^rly present the Texas positkm on this questkm,” be said.
Filing of a brwf would not bind Texas in any decree resulting the cases which were decided May 17, Shepperd aaid.
' Shei^rd added that moat TMiaa i citizens “think Texas shoukl be allowed to work out her own problems.”
WASHINGTON, Sept. 15 (mSec-retary of State Dulles told the world tonight that U, S. military plans call for maintaining in the Western Pacific “powerful naval and air forces” eapsrible of striking any aggressor.
He discussed this force as a mighty reenforcement for the new Southeast Asian defense pact which he signed at Manila last week along with representatives of seven other nations interested in the security of the Southeast Aslan area.
Pretence of UJS. Forces The treaty does not require tha United States to make any “material changes in our military plan,” Dulles said. He added that the deterrent power created by the presence of U. S. forces in the Western Pacific “can protect many as effectively as it it protects one.”
The function of these forces, Dulles said, is to keep up the capacity for “striking at any aggressor by means and at places of our choosing.”
His report on the ManUa c<«-ference was recorded for broadcasting this evening following his departure for Europe.
Total Failure Dulles also labeled as **a total failure” what he called Chinese Communist efforts to “intimidate” some members of the Manila meting by opening the bontoard-ment of (juemoy about the time the meeting was beginning. All the countries which attended the conference signed toe treaty, Dulloi emphasized.
He said the pact would n<^ have to be ratified and backed up by genuine will to make it effective but he expressed confidence M would achieve its purposes.
“I believe that the Manila pact will, in fact, make a substantial contribution to preserve free governments in Southeast Asia and to prevent communism from rushing on into the Pacific area where it would seriously threaten the defense of the United States,” Dulles said.
Dulles rejected Soviet complainta against the treaty. He said it is aimed at no nation, only at aggression. and added:
“Tlje fact that the C(Mnmunists find that objectionable is tragically revealing of their ambitions.”
The ManUa pact commits tha eight member nations, including the United States. Britain and France, to act together to meet the common danger in case of aggression by armed attack, Dulles said.
Prob« in Dallas
WASHLNGTON, Sept. 15 ifi-The Civil Aeronautics boards ordered a bearing in Dallas Sept. 28 on tho Braniff Airways crash near Masoa City, Iowa, in which 12 persona died.
ON SOUTH SIDE
these decided cases may appear in the renewed debate without filing notices today.
This invitation was that their attorneys general join orally in offering the Supreme Court advice on working out the mechanics and timetables fw final integration. Apparently 14 states decided to ignore the invitation. This was the last day for acceptance.
New Wychwood Addition Opens
I 49 P » SuanM a t loBlcht 4:49 p m. M 9 M p.m. 4 11.
DR. AND MRS. ALBERT DITCHIK .., Happy alter aoa, Donald DUon, U freed
ENGLISH FARMER'S CHICKEN SWIMS--HE CAN PROVE IT
CHEDBURGH, England. Sept. 15 (AP) — Farmer John Plummer reported Wednesday he has a chicken which swims — and he had pictures to prove it.
The aquatic chick Is a 14-week-old pullet named Esther.
For some reason the other pullets in Plummer’s flock rejected Esther and took to pecking at her. When she was two‘months old, Plummer put her in with his ducks.
In no time at all Esther was taking to the pond. Now. says Plummer, she swims as easily as her companions even though lacking their webbed feet.
Because of her shape and less waterproof feathers, however. Esther sits much lower in the water than the ducks and is inclined to tire. When this happens, she climbs up on the back of the nearest duck to rest.
Whenever Esther returns to land, two of the ducks— her special friends—ruffle her feathen with their bills to help her dry off.
Wychwood Addition, located 1 tween Southwest Park and River Oaks additions south of South 14th St., ia the newest residential area to be opened in Abilene by the Thomason Partnership.
Designed mainly for families in the middle to upper tncome group. Uychwood (pronounced Witch-wood) will be restricted to homes with a floor area of not less than 1,500 square feet, Raymond Thom aaon Jr. said.
Building lots will sell for an average of between $2,100 and $2.-200 and wiU have an average street frontage of $u to S3 feet, he said Te Develep M LecatlMis “The additioo is set up so that all the homes will be omiparable cost wise,” Thomason aaid. He es timated that most would cost between $15,000 and $lt,$0O The addition, which stretches for about hah a mile south from South 14th ^., has approximately 180 tocatioQs. he said Of theM. 10 are being developed at present.
Construction in the addition will begia Unmediately, he said. Contracts for water and aewage lines were let threa weeks ago. and work m timm wiB ks saoOm 10
Partners in the development are Raymond Thomason Sr., and hia two sons, Monty Don and Raymond Jr.
They will be interested in do-vel<H>ing the addition only and will mR act as building contractors, Thomason said.
The developers will keep strict architectural control over the addi-ti«i and expect homes in the area to be principally erf masonry, he said The a^ition is limited to residential construction only.
BMiides continuations of Willis St. and Glenwood Dr.. it will have three new streete—Green Acres Road, Vegas Road, and Wychwood Df.
Layout of the land was done by Phillips, Bowers and Proctor of Dallas, one of seven land-planning firms in the country. Streets ara designed on a “curvalineal" plan, auch as was used in River Oaks,
Dunng the winter, the developers will plant IS trees of 4-in^ diameter on each lot la the addition, Thomason said. They wiB five Wychwood the sune nuusage* amt aa liv« Oak4