Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas
Carry War Onto 'Holy Soil' of Hitler's Reich at Two Points; U. S. Warships and Planes Scourge Palau and Celebes in Pacific Abilene Reporter OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT STORIES IN COLUMN 1, 2 and 4 MDBMNG .VOL. LX1V, NO. 87 A TEXAS NKWSPAPIB ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 13, 1944 PAGES Associated Prea (AP) t'niicd Pros fVf.j PRICE FIVE CENTS FDR Dem s Tak ver 1st'Army'East ,0f Eupen and frier LONDON, Wednesday, Sept. 13 America First army carried the war onto the "holy soil" of Hitler -Reich for the second time.in 24 hours Tuesday, driving a six miles eastward" beyond the Belgian border city o Eupen and plunging into the Nazi homeland against rela tively minor resistance. This second penetration of Germany was 65 miles nort and slightly west of the invasion pathway northwest o Shvierwith other First army units blasted into Germany Mon day evening from Luxembourg. Other American forces were at the German border at a third poiu massed in Luxembourg within a mile of the Siegfried line, and Gen Dwight .D. Eisenhower, advising inhabitants of the Nazis' Ruhr an Rhirieland border regions to evacuate immediately, announced that "th of Germany is about to begin." Southward in France the American Third army hammered ou new bridgeheads across the bloody Moselle river, cracking the Nazi powerful defenses and at one point between Nancy and Pont-a-Mousso forcing a full-scale German withdrawal. Far back of these. blazin battle lines British troops with the Canadian army captured the long invested and important channel port of Le Havre. The invasion nf Germany from Eupen was 10 miles south and slightly cast of Aachen. Tliouirli this reputedly is one of the most heavily-guarded zones of the Siegfried line, first indications were that the Yanks made their move against only moderate re- sistance from a scattered series of strongpoints rather than from a consolidated string of defenses. Both here and in the Trier region to the south the Allies wer Amoving into Germany over routes taken after the 1918 armistice whci the occupation forces'marched in. The Americans then moved throuel which was. headquarters of the .Second division, and_ the Brills] marched eastward The second penetration of- German soil was made by armorei elements of Gen. Courtney H. Hodges First' army. Associated Fi'es m correspondent William Smith White disclosed tonight in a dispatcl datelined "with armored forces of the First U. S. army in Germany." There was little news of the force which had made the first Invasion near Trier, northeast of Luxem bourg, beyond the early 'announce ment that It had fought its way t- least five miles into Hitler's "Holi Soil." After this first invasion was madi at p. m. Monday, the sccoru force "broke into Germany at p. m. White wrote from the front. Strong American tank force: drove in from the Wesi, the tration being described as "recon- naissance In force." There were medium tanks, rnfantry and engi- neers under command of Lt. Col William B. Lovelady of Soddy Tenn.. all moving swiftly on a daj of brilliant sunlight nnd weather ideal for Allied planes. In an earlier dispatch from Eupen five miles from the German border White had told of the old. hostile attitude of the citizens of that town. Although Eiipen appears Belgium on most maps, it is in section officially attached by the Nazis to Germany after their con- quest of 1940. White said the pre- dominant language in the town was German. "For the first time since the invasion licpan we got none of (he howling: welcome to H-Iiicli we had become so accustomed nil across France and lip caid. met no outright or See GERMANY, PR. 2, Col. 4 Allies f. LONDON, Wednesday, Sept. Moscow radio announced today that an armistice has been concluded with Romania, with Rus- sia, brent Britain and the United States signing on behalf of all the United Nations. 3 The broadcast, recorder! by the Soviet monitor, said that U. S. Am- bassador W. Averlll Hnrriman, Brit- ish Ambassador Sir Archibald John Clark Kerr and Soviet Foreign Com- missar Molotov participated in the which were conclud- "ed yesterday. Devails of the terms were not made known Immediately but were expected to be announced later to- day. Hake Named Texoma WASHINGTON. Sept. The scnyie voted today to give the name "Lake Texoma" to the lake formed by the Denison dam on the -Red river between Oklahoma and The bill now soes to the house. UP FRONT WITH MAULDIN "Go ahead, Willie. It va don't bust U ya'll worry about It all MOTOR SHOT AWAY FROM YANK B-26 propeller still turning, one motor of this B-2G Marauder bomb- er of the U. S. Army 12th air force plunged earthward after a direct hit by an 88 mm. Flak shell during an attack on the enemy in Toulon harbor, southern France. Plane crashed a lew moments after photo was made, (AP Wirephoto From Army'Air Our Airmen Bag 105 Nazi Planes LONDON, Sept. em- lattled luftwaffe rose up again to- day for another fierce battle with Imost strongly escorted U. S. heavy bombers, striking at oil and ndustrial targets in the reich for he fifth straight day, and again he American fliers inflicted a heavy oil on the Nazis' dwindling air orce. A communique later tonight announced 105 enemy planes were hi the air Rancher Named In U. S. Charge Byron Elliott, prominent Albany ranchman, was charged yesterday n federal court here with attack- ng Richard Dyess, chairman of Albany draft board 1, Aug. 20, be- cause of the induction into the armed forces of his son. Following a hearing belore U. S. Commissioner Ida M. James. El- lott was released on bond. Charges were filed by an FBI igent. It is OH record that Elliott's son, li-evious to entering service In 1942 lad been wearing a brace but his physical examination. tie is now serving overseas with he air forces. Dyess. father of Col. Richard Dyess, hero of Bataan killed sev- ral months ago in California, suf- ered a broken nose, two cracked ibs and bruises. In Armed Services WASHINGTON, Sept. merica's armed forces now total 1.800.000 men and women, Col. rancls V. Kessling told a house lilitnry subcommittee today. The Army has about id the Navy, the Marine corps and oast Oimrd. The Army wants lo keop its rcngth at ic selective service nide testified, lie Navy proposes to increase its ver-all figure to by next unc as the Pacific war expands. and 26 on the the Nazis a loss of 280 planes in the last two days during which the German force has chosen io hislt its carefully hoarded fight- ers for an all-out defense of the fatherland. The Americans also suffered heavy bombers and 17 fighters, bringing the two day cost of battle to the U. S. air force to 91 Fortresses and Liberators and 46 fighters. Pilots said the German planes were not as numerous as yesterday, and some of the American attackers encountered none at all. But where the Germans chose to make a stand they appeared in larger formations than usual. One fleet of bombers was set upon by 200 German fighters at one time. The American heavies, how- ever, were accompanied by more than 700 fighters and given close protection. The Britain-based Plying Fort- resses anrl Liberators attacked oil plants at Ruhland, Bnhlcn. Magde- burg, Bmx, Hemminpsfsrit. Misbnrg, an ordnance depot at FricdrichRtadt nnd an engine plant at Kiel. Even before they returned, a great force of RAF Halifaxes blasted other synthetic oil at Scholven- Buer and Wanneeickcl, also in the The RAF daylight attack was de- scribed as "in great with excellent results. While American and Britain-based planes were Mast- ins: the Reich, Son Italy-based heavy bombers of the U. S. 15lh air force attacked the Wasser- bcrg factory at Him, where the Nazis are building their new jet-propelled planes, and an air- drome at I.cchfcld where many of these planes have been seen. Other Mediterranean based bombers struck (he Attach en- ginc factory near Vienna, In direct support of Allied ground j troops fighting their way Into Gcr- many. 150 Britain and France-based Marauders nnri Havocs dropped j I more than 200 tons of bombs on anti-tank traps and troop shelters at Scheld, 32 miles south of Aachen. Big Guns of Battleships Rake Palau By The Associated Press Two Japanese held Palau and the might of American warships and planes in new crushing raids that carried through Monday, and a third, Hal- mahera, was smacked hard. Palau was hit by battle- ships, cruisers and carrier- based bombers. Selebns airdromes were drenched by a record 202-ton bomb load by the planes ol General MacArthur. Additionally MacArthur's planes on Sunday sank a freighter and forced another on the beach off Celebes as the to- tal load of bombs dropped there rose lo 580 tons in four consecu- tive day? Three more snips were sunk or off Ceram in the Dutch East Indies. Allied troops In British New Guinea killed 504 more Japanese troops, captured 116 and liberated 25 Tlie heavy attack on Palau may br. the prelude to invasion. Sixteen inch shells whistled shoreward into gun emplace- ments, coastal defenses and buildings as 120 tons of aerial bombs plummeted down on the hapless defenders. The hub of the Palau group's de- fense, Pcleliu and Babelthuap, got the brunt of this new and devastat- ing attack launched by Adm. Ches- ter W. forces. Rocket planes, shooting 150 rock- ets into the Japanese, added to the destruction. It Is possible the carrier planes used in this blow were the same as those that Japanese ship- ping on Mindanao. In the Philip- pines attack, American surface craft and carrier planes knocked out 89 Japanese ships and 68 .Japanese planes Friday. Palau is GOO miles from Mindanao. Rough and tumble Adm. William F. Halsey's Friday raid on the Phil- ippines may have cost the Japanese much more than the shipping, planes and men lost. The big con- voy, caught and sunk off Surigau, northeastern Mindanao, prob- ably was loaded with lumber, badly needed by the Japanese. That area of the Philippines is Japan's prin- cipal source of timber. Likewise, the sinking of 32 loaded coastal ships in Hinatuan bay must have cost Japan much iron for that section of Mindanao produces a lot of Japan's iron supply. The Pacific fleet headquarters' mention of battleships in the new blows against the Palau group brings to mind that these modern surface craft were employed simf- larily just before the invasion of Guam. KED PATROL CROSSES BORDER Russian patrol units were back, in their own lines after an expedition into East Prussia across the Scsupe river Above Warsaw a Russian army drive plunged into the outskirts of Lomza (B) in the offensive toward lower East Prussia. Germans Told to j'mplify Funerals LONDON, Sept. Dr. Paul oseph Goebbels, Germany's total obllizatlon director, has pn.wcd ong word that Germans must .Min- ify their funeral was announced today. New funeral reKulatlons published the newspaper national Xcitung ghten restrictions on (iinernls nnri ath notices and cut the ration lowances of black cloth lor moitrn- Navy Reports Loss of 29th Submarine WASHINGTON, Sept. Another American been last from the underscas fleet which has whittled the Japaiio.se carco-carryinp strength down to the point where sampans and barpcs now must be used by the enemy to move sup- plies and men. The loss, the 29th submarine since the war started, was announced by the navy today without any details. However, she presumably wns last, assigned to the; campaign against shipping in Japanese waters. Waitress Is Charged With Cashing Checks From Two Soldiers Charges' of cashing allotment! ;hecks from two men in the armed forces were filed in federal court here yesterday against Mrs, L. J. Vlbbard of Sweetwatev, for several months employed in an Abileijc caffi. She was being held in fhc rounly jail, Sweetwater last, night, in lieu of bond. Charges were filed here by an FBI agent, Mrs, Vlbbard, it is alleged, wns> married by common law to L. Vibbard in 1937, and the couple Drive Reported LONDON, Sept. of Lomzft, guardian of the southern approaches to East Prussia, appear- ed imminent tonight as the Rus- sians announced improvement of their positions south and southwest of that beseiged Polish city, while the Germans declared sifiantic Red armies had begun the supreme drive aimed nt breaking through the north Polish front. The Soviet communique, one of the shortest in months, tofil merely of (aldnff some addition- al towns near Lmiua, from which Hie Red army was only 2 J-2 miles distant Monday niffhf, and tnlil of n drrprr penetration into Hunparian- Iiclil Transylvania in coopera- tion with the Romanian army. H was silent rnnecrninp such a Rrcal norfhern offensive as Ihc Germans described. If such a new ail-out tunlly was in progress, Russian si- lence would not. be unusual, Mos- cow usually delaying such an- nouncements miMJ it haft solid and ;enernl gains to publish. The German DNB agency said violent Russian attacks were launched east of Warsaw and northeast of Russian-captured Os- troleka in the direction of the Ger- man frontier, apparently meaning East Prussia, which the Russians innounced early Tuesday had linen jenetrated by Hod army patrols. Other German broadcasts told of leavy fighting west of strategic, road junction guarding the southern approaches to East Prussia 20 miles away. The Russians Monday announced capture of positions within '2 1-2 miles of Lomza, but. tonight sa only, "south and southwest of T.om- za our troops fought engagements with the enemy in which they im- proved their positions ami captur- ed several populated places." Pros Seat Strong Dallas Delegation DALLAS, Sept. stale Democratic convention recess- ed until 9 n, m. tomorrow, after It become apparent it could not complete Us business without going on into the night. DALLAS, Sept. pro-Roosevelt Demo- crats won another favorable record vote tonight in the state Democratic convention, and uproariously took control in their battle to clinch this slate's vote for Roosevelt and Truman. They succeeded by a vote of 799 and 9-140 io 769 and 131-140 in sealing the 100-strong Dallas county delegation favorable to their cause. It was the second test vote on the question. By a howling voice vote a few minutes later the con- vention named Robert W. Calvert of Hillsboro, former speak- er of the House of Representatives, as temporary chairman and keynoter. The executive committee had recommended Mark McGee of Fort Worth for the post. The victorious pro-Roose- velters then hit the high road on the explosive electoral question. Upon motion of Thomas L. Tyson of Corslcana, it voted for the appointment of committee on presidential electors. It was the first step hi their plan to undo the work of the May 23 regular state convention, which named electors only condition- ally bound to vote for the na- tional party's nominees tor pres- ident and vice-president. Calvert told the cheering conven- ,lon that his pi unary objective vould be to make sure Texas Dem- ocratic electors voted for Franklin D. Roosevelt, nnd Harry Truman. "I do not have time to present n ceynote Cfilvcrl cried, "but I do not intend to defend a funeral address for the candidacies of Roosevelt and Truman." "I am glad that Coke Stevenson s lie added, "We expect Turn to page 3 for photo and side story on convention. W. CALVERT Demo Chairman to get along with him, but nt the same time this convention will car- ry out its purpose of replacing elec- tors previously named." Calvcrt announced that pro-; Roosevelt delegations from El Pn.soj and Harrison ccunties would find j scats when they returned after an j hours recess. By voice vote, the J lommy Dorsey Billed in Fight LOS ANGELES, Sept. vote, convention accredited them. The ex- cvjtive committee had recommend- ed that nntl-Rooscvclt delegations .roin those counties be seated. In llic first test, (if slmiRth, prn-Ronsnvrlt forces prevailed by a vntr or 80S and 57-70 to 774 and 1.1-70. It was announced aflcr a lonp, stubborn, battle in whirl! llin roll call was de- layed by heated challenges and Jonp arguments. Immediately there were indica- tions that while the battle of the electors lias conclusively to the pro-Roosrvrlt forcer, -so fpr as the ccnventloii i.s concernwl, n court tc.st looms. Lloyd Prim of Fort Worth, a spokesman Eor the anti-Roosevelt faction, said: "Our position is lhat this convention utterly lias no h'Ral or moral authority whatever lo set aside the electors duly iiume'I by thp May convention. "Our pcsition is that any action See DEMOS, Pp. 2, Col. 1 ABILENE COLLEGES-SHIFT INTO GEAR FOR'44 TO McMurry college classes begin work today, Abilene Christian col- i legc completes its regular reglstra- lion period, and Hardin-Simmons hod three children. According to the FBI agent's report, she was; laimchcs lts ns the married to Jame.s Hope without: thrce local collegrs sWlnB Into lhclr obtaining divorce and to have; 1944-45 later married Cpl. Robert E. formerly stationed at Cnrnp Bnrk- cley, also without divorce Until Friday she wns working Abilene and is reported to have cashed at least six allotment checks. "We will not pro.scr.ute her for bigamy if she is prosemrrrt In fed- eral court for cashing the checks. In the event she Is not, we shall piosecutc her for County Attorney Charles Nunn of Swect- wnter stated yostcrdny. Dean W. n. McPanlel of Mo- Ufurry said last nlslit rcfiistra- tion was "us gond as we expect- upwards of 10ft freshmen and about 75 uppcr-classmrn enrolling for regular wnrh. Ita .saij] IIP regis- trations this week (o boost the total considerably. and sinking of hymns. At to- nipht tlic formal reception for .stu- dents is scheduled for the rock par- den. Hardin-Simmons officials report- ed indications point to enrollment n.s large, if nof larger, than last j ycnr. Freshmen English tests were given yesterday, with 142 Rirls nnd 34 boys participating, tne largest number of girls in history for the his actress wife, Pat Dane, together with Allen Smiley, movie director, wrre Indicted toclny by the county Rrrmd jury on chnrse.s of assault with a flrndly weapon likely to do Rrrat bodily hnni) to Actor Jon Hall nnd Eddie Norris. during a fight in the Don-oy apartment last Aug. 5. The indictment, containing two counts of felonious assault against the hfindfjomr husband of Act- ress Frances Lanpford. and Norrls. screen net or. and former husband itf Ann Sheridan, wns returned-af- ter an nil-day session during which !1 called. None nf the defendant were in the ro'.irti'nom v.'hc nthe indictment u-ns hrmrirrl to Superior Judge Cle- men' N'yr. who .set bail at ea'-h. Their attorneys announced they would surrender them for arraign- ment ThurpcUiy morning. Hnll. almost'completely recovered from his wounds, which were inflict- f-d about his head nnd face, was be- fore the jury for more than nn hour. Bulgar King Flees LONDON, Sept. Ths Budiipr.st radio quoted Ankara re- ports toninht ns saying that young Kinc Simeon of Bulgaria and the quern mother have fled through Turkey to Syria. The Weather AIIII. KM: AM> WIIST Wnlnrsday IIKIMKTMK.VT OF rO.IIMEItrJ! EAST AND VICINITY: TTAAS: Fair and Seniors, juniors and sophomores of HSU register today nnc, freshmen The year's opening chapel will be j Thursday. I-YcMimen held eonfcr- held this morning, with Dr. Harold j finces with fnciilty members Turs- G. Cookc. president, meeting the (jny afternoon and mapped tenta- studenls. Customnry ceremonies will be held, with reading or scripture Sec COLLEGES, PR. 2, Col. 3 Tlirs. Mon, P.M. fil 70 SI 73 If. lil MII anil lllcli nsl Itt Hanstt Snnrhr (lih mnniln Sunset (onlfilil; M'