Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 12, 1944, Abilene, Texas
Entire Jap Convoy of 52 Ships Wiped Out; Mindanoa Blasted SEE STORY COLUMN 3 NEWS 'FEATURES TILEMAT Abilene Importer "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 86 A TEXAS NIWSPATSB ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 12, 1944 PAGES Associated Prns (AP) I'nitet Proa (Vf.) PRICE FIVE CENTS YANKS INSIDE GERMANY Red Patrol Drives Into'East Prussia LONDON, Tuesday, Sept. 12 Moscow announced offi- cally today that a Red army patrol had driven into East Prussia and "having gathered valuable information our troops returned safely to their units." This crossing, made the same day that American ?.iughboys into Germany from the west, was the first officially re-6 jjc-.fed by Moscow although Russian froops have been massing on (he rder for days. LONDON, Tuesday, Sept. 12 Russian troops yesterday broke through German lines to within 2 1-2 miles of the big Narew river stronghold of Lomza protecting the of ft uthern German East Prussian border, and a Berlin broad- cast said that a "concentrated assault" by other Soviet forces had penetrated Nazi lines in Warsaw's eastern suburbs. In Central Romania Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's second Ukraine army captured 200 localities, Moscow an- including Sighisoara, 25 miles southeast of the Hun- garian stronghold of Targu-Mures, and Petrosahi, 124 miles from the pre-war Hungarian frontier. Medias, 18 miles west of Sighisoara, also was seized. With the seizure of Petro- api the Russians had forced their way through another Transylvania Alps mountain route, the Vulcan Pass, in their drive on imperilled Hun- gary. Berlin said Hungary was threatened on the .north by a fresh Soviet offensive which top- pled Krosno, a highway and rail- town in southern Poland only 17 miles from Slovakia, which at this Planes From Carriers Hit Philippines By BAY CRONIN Associated Press War Edito: Destructive raids by Amer lean Naval planes on, Min danao island in the southern Philippines, during which a Japanese convoy of 52 ship. was wiped out, were report ed by the Navy late ycster is only a 48-mile strip sepa- rating Poland from north-Hungary. Moscow did not confirm Ber- lin's assertion that masses of Soviet tanks and guns were at- tacking frontally toward Praga, Warsaw's big eastern suburb, llbut said that Gen.- G. F. Zak- harov's Second White Russian army hart captured 30 locali- ties in the drive on Lomba, only 20 miles from the East Prus- sian frontier and 75 miles of Warsaw.' Among "these was Konarzyce, 2 1-2 miles southwest of Lomza. The Russians were hurling a great weight of reserves into the battle for Warsaw and in their effort to cross the Nnrcw on a broad front .Jj'th the double aim of outflanking the Polish capital ond striking into East Prussia, Berlin said. Moscow announced the capture of two more German generals in the cleanup of Axis remnants in Bul- garia. fell after a four-day bat- tle in which the Germans surged back into the South Poland town three times before finally giving up, Berlin said. Slovak Partisans were fight- the Germans inside their in the path of the ad- vancing Russians. A Polish communique said the Poles, although greatly weakened and thrown out of the old city dis- trict inside Warsaw, still were hold- on. Yanks Push Gothic Line HOME, Sept. 11 American troops, advancing swiftly north and northwest of Florence with the British Eighth Army near Rimini on the Adraiatic, have come square- ly against the enemy's main Gothic line defenses, Allied. headquarters announced tonight. One Yank spearhead, stabbing al- most due north from Florence, reached Usella, within 35 miles of the industrial metropolis of Blolgna in the Po valley. Others of LI. Gen. Mark W. Clark's forces farther west cleared out the city of Prato and Pistoia and seized important high ground northeast of Piscoia. Elements of the American 92nd division broke into the village of Sczzcra, six and a half miles above Lucca. An Allied communique said that i "north of Lucca American patrols already are in contact with fonvard positions of this (the Gothic) line." (The German high command, re- cording the general American ad- vance, said tha'c "detaching move- ments to the Apennine line were and the Storm Dead 100 MEXICO CITY, Sept. Probably 100 dead, thousands home- less, and millions of dollars of prcp- ,y damage is the toll of storms in widely separated sections of Mexico where rescue crews worked today. uin concluded according to plan without enemy pressure. On eastern wing our troops again yes- terday frustrated all enemy- at- tempts to break Fighting near the Adriatic was officially described as still "heavy and bitter, with casualties on both sides heavy." The British drove the enemy from one 600-foot peak south of Gemmano, a few miles inland' from the coast, and Indian troops captured a hill yards above Piflno rii Castello. Immediately before Rimini the Allied had beer-, brought 'co a standstill by fierce Nazi resist- ance, but repeated counter-attacks by enemy tanks and infantry had not succeeded in dislodging the British from any positions won in the past two weeks. FRONT WITH MAULDIN day. It was the first strike by carrier-based planes againsi the Philippines since the star' of Pacific hostilities. The Navy airmen hit Mindanao last. Fri- day, striking hard against shipping and airfields from Davao gulf and Sarangani bay, in the southeast, to Surigao and Cagayan in the north They shot down eight Japa- nese planes and destroyed 6C on the ground. In all five air- fields were blasted, including the Del Monte Airdrome, one of the most important Japa- nese bases on Mindanao.' The carrier task force that took the planes within range of the big island escaped without damage. American plane losses were "very light" 'The b'lfstered water- front installations, troop barracks, warehouse's 'ana -tankers. The Navy fliers sighted the con- voy off Hinatuan bay on Mindan- ao's east coast. Thirty-two loaded cargo ships and .20 sampans were sunk. Many, other ships spotted elsewhere were attacked. The carrier fleet was under com- mand of Adm. William S. Halsey, Jr., of South Pacific fame. American air strikes against Min- danao previously were carried out by southwest pacific land-based bombers. They attacked only two Davao gulf and in the region of Zamboanga, 230 miles westward. Earlier Monday the Navy an- nounced that American sub- marines, plying the -hostile wa- fers of the western Pacific and the Far East, sank nine addi- tional Japanese ships. This first September report on the activities of underseas fighters boosted their total score of the war to 732 Japanese vessels destroyed, including 61 combatant ships. The latest kills of the subs com- prised a destroyer, an escort, a gun- boat, four cargo sliips and two small tankers. Last month the American sub- marines chalked up their best rec- ord 52 enemy ships destroyed. While Japan's Pacific position was getting darker day by day, the Nipponese continued to make im- portant inroads into China's strate- gic defense system. They punched out important gains in major fight ing areas of that -embattled coun try. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell's headquarters announced Amer- ican airmen bombed a ferry crossing at Chaunhslcn In sup- port of Chinese troops. This was the first indication that the Japanese, driving westward, had crossed the Hunan line into Kwangsi province and weie only 61 miles from Kwcilin, center of the defense system of south China. Chuanhsicn is seven miles inside Kwanjrsi. The Chinese high command said the Japanese penetrated the sub- urbs of Wenchow, strategic Cheki- ang province port previously claim- ed captured by the Nipponese. The Chinese reported fighting on CLOSING IN General Patton's forces are pushing through the Moselle river valley at Metz; General Patch is at Belfort from the south; rJrilish troops near Rotterdam; and Am- ericans are reported on German soil as the war in Europe dashes forward. The Nazis are supposed to have stiffened the Siegfried line, but the First Army plunges forward. to Floor the edges of Llngling, American air base now in Japanese hands. The Japanese launched a new northward drive from the Kwang- tung peninsula while the See PACIFIC PS. 3, Col. 7 The Weather BUREAU OF COMMERCE ABILENE AND VIci.NITv" TEXAS: P.'rll, c'l, Mnn. Sir A.M. Wednesday. TEMPERATURES In rature: Mnn. Sin P.M. had t mania lor destruction, General, Every elevator cavlc in town ts IK M llljth mil 77 and no, Hlrh and lo iKRl year: OS And Siinnet Ittitl nlffhl: Sunrlie Ihli morning Siinicl tonlcht: the two factions was fairly even- divided. Pro-Roosevelt leaders ive said they were sure they had nough votes to control the con- ention no matter which contesting elegations were seated. Gov. Coke Stevenson arrived on ic eve of the convention, saying lat he had made the trip despite the advice of his physicians, "be- cause a lot of people were saying I was afraid to come." Leaders of both factions Texas' badly sundered Democratic party today rejected the governor's com- promise plan to print both sets of electors in the Democratic column in the November election. "They were beginning to say DALLAS, Sept. state Democratic execu- :ive committee tonight rejected a proposal that it recommend appointment of a committee on presidential electors to to- morrow's convention, and voted to seat seven anti-Roosevelt [elegations and two pro-Roosevelt delegations from contesting ounties. It could not be determined immediately, what effect the committee's action on contesting delegations would have on he ultimate test of strength >n the convention floor tomor- The brawling Demo- Tats have turned thumbs down on preliminary efforts it compromise and were head- id for a showdown on wheth- T or not the party's 23 elec- ors would be bound to vole or Roosevelt and Truman. I-eadcrs of bolh factions indicat- d they believed the voting strength Hannegan Calls Statement False CHICAGO, Sept. E. Hannegan, Democratic national chairman, today termed "absolute- ly untrue" a statement he attribut- ed to Republican leadership that President Roosevelt during the na- tional Democratic convention di- rected Hannegan to "clear every- thing with Sidney." This was a reference to Sidney Hillman. director of the CIO Poli- tical Action committee. Hannegnn. reading 11 statement si a press conference, said the opposi- tion's strategy was "the simple and outworn approach of raising false issues and repeating them often enough In the hope that, they final- ly will be mistaken for facts." He declared that Gov. John W. Bricker, Republican vire presirlen- tial nominee, Saturday night "cave further currency to the wholly false was afraid t.n rnmp "P here and I present my peace plan." the gover- was tnmupi, Chicago while nor added. He expressed some doubt tnc convention that he would be allowed to pre- sent his proposal. "The best legal brains of both sides say that my plan is ille- gal" he said. "But T have tried to work out a solution accord- ing to the dictates of equity." The governor said he would prc- was in progress he directed me in this Innguaee: 'clear everything with Sidney'." Elaborating on his prepared state- ment, Hanneisan said he conferred with the president alone on his train on that occasion. He said he (Hannepan) talked with Hillman only once durinr: the Democratic convention, in Hnnncsan's room, and the only statement Hlllmrm ndc was Ulat; wn< t Henry A. Wallace for re- Roosevelt factions proceeded with nomination. their caucuses to finally map con- I vcntion strategy. Topflight pro-Roosevelt leaders participated in the executive com- mittee session, holding proxies for sent the plan to the convention nevertheless if asked to. The executive committee adjourn- ed its for hours in starting-and both pro- MM! Winnie, FDR Map Victory Over Japan QUEBEC, Sept, the weathered stone ramparts Quebec's ancient- citadel, Presiden Roosevelt and Prime Minlste Churchill of Britain began forgin tonight the strategy for final vie tory over Japan. Absent from their deliberation was that third leader of the Unite Nations triumvirate, premier Josep Stalin of armies ai not at war with Japan. He had been invited to a confer ence which -apparently had to con cern itself primarily with the battl of the Pacific. But the fact that h sent back word that he was too busy directing offensives on multipi fronts to leave "the direction of th army for the shortest period" off cred no great assurances to Japan. Stalin did not close the doo to future participation in the Pacific war. A conference spokesman reported the presi- dent and prime minister "thor- oughly understood" the premi- er's message and that he was "absent on the field of duty." Not since they concluded signifi cant discussions last. December, a Cairo and Teheran, had Roosevel and Churchill met for one of thel periodic war councils. Then, wit! Stalin's counsel, they had made th plans for the powerful invasions which have driven Germany to th point, of. utter defeat. The 1944 Quebec, conferenc. therefore was in order. Strong meas ures against Japan warranted at tentlon. Presidential Secretary Stephei Early made It apparent that the em here would be on those meas ures, even though china Is not rep- resented in the deliberations. This eighth Rocscvelt-Churchil meeting early described as "largely if not exclusive a military confer- ence." For that reason Its decisions not likely to be made known un- til they arc carried into action oh fighting fronts. And for that purpose, as in the past, the two leaders brought to Quebec with them their highest military, naval and air commanders, and tier after tier of officials for consultations on the lower levels. While the chiefs of staff conferred in the picturesque Chateau Fronte- nac, protected from intrusion by soldiers and scarlet-coated mount- ed police, Roosevelt and Churchil held their discussions at the nearby citadel on (he heights towering over the St. Lawrence river. Early's words, and the pace o] developments in Europe, served to focus attention on plans for crush- ing Japan, but tiicre was an aware- ness arnang those engaged in the deliberations here in Canada's old- est city that the collapse of Ger- many by no means will bring an end to problems in Europe. But there was no evidence yet that Roosevelt and Churchill would call in their secretary of state and foreign minister to discuss international political puzzlers as they did when they met here 13 months ago. The chief executive and his Brit- ish ally arrived by special trains in Roosevelt from aelow the border, Churchill from Halifax, where he ended an Atlantic crossing yesterday. Seated in an open auto beside his .rain, Mr. Roosevelt watched, a smile of welcome lighting his face, as Churchill got off his own train 'our tracks away and walked over ,o renew acquaintances. the president called. "I'm See QUEBEC Vg. 3, Col. 8 Rampaging 1st Plows 5 Miles Over Border SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EX- PEDITIONARY FORCE, Tuesday, Sept. 12 rampaging First U. S. Army burst into Hitler's inner fortress of Germany yester- day and plowed ahead for five miles into the Reich, meeting the enemy on his home soil north of the frontier town of miles from the Rhine and the great industrial city of Coblenz. An artillery barrage first chewed up the German positions and then in "reasonable was the official the doughboys crossed over to strike the blow for which the United Nations long had waited. It was a black day for German arms, for the Third U. S. Army seized n great part the old French Maginot line intact, and was breaking the last German line of defense on French soil the Moselle river positions. The British Second Army broke across the frontier of Holland and was bound for the weakest link in the 400 miles of the west wall the thin line of pillboxes, tank traps and forts stretching south from the German city of KJeve across ROME, Sept. U. S. Third and Seventh Armies com- pleted a Junction today In eastern France, sealing off German troops In the central region, including pos- sibly In the Dijon area. The vanguards of the two armies met at a point described officially here as "an undcslgnatcd spot" 28 days after Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's. Seventh Army invaded southern France. (A field dispatch from Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's Third Army said the junction was made In the vicinity of Sombernon, 15 miles west of Dijon.) While units of the two American armies were joining hands, French forces occupied the important high- way center of Dijon and other American troops pushed within 15 miles of the vital Belfort gap, gate- way to southern Germany. The mectinK of the southern ami northern armies came dramatically with an officer from each unit coming forward to shake hands. This formality culminated the thrust begun by the cicvenlh Army in l.-iml- iujrs on the Riviera coast Aup. 15 and the Normandy invasion from the north on June 6. French troops seized Dijnn aflcr i fierce 24-hour battle In the city's lUtskirts, sealing off a great net- work of roarls that had been serving he Nazi retreat from all southern and Prance. the shortest route to Berlin. Other elements of the First Army already were fighting through the minefields of the Siegfried line south of the key- city of Aachen, little more than'.eight miles from Ger-. many's frontier, and were blasting fortifications inside the Reich with heavy artil- lery. The Third Army, driving over- Lorraine's hills, captured with guns Intact the fortress of Aumetz, 22 miles northwest of Metz and threa miles from Luxembourg, whose cap- ital fell today to a First Army col- umn now pressing cast toward Ger- many's industrial basin of the Saar. Other Third Army forces, after capturing ancient Fort Pont St, Vincent six miles south of Nancy, hammered across the Moselle river on a broad front of. several miles south of Nancy in a blazing battle, that may decide the fate of the enemy's last stand in northern France. In the drive to Aumetz, the Third Army overran much of the old French fortifications and were In a position to strike northeastward toward Germany and the Saar in concert with the First Army. Some 120 miles southwest of where the Americans are fighting f.ioiinci N'ancj, Tiiird Army patrols mrt advance elements of the U. S. Seventh up from southern the vicinity of Sombernon, 11 miles west of tho road center of Dijon. Thus for more than 300 miles, the sprawling lines of the Allies were joined almost Holland south through Belgium, See GERMANY Pg. 3, Col. 5 us mnd antl- presi ibsent members. Among them were former Gov. James V. Allrccl of Houston, Rep. Wright Pntman of Texarkana, Woodville Rogers of Sar. Antonio, Robert W. Calvert of Hills- oro. Over their protest, but with al- most no oratorical fireworks, the executive committee adopted the recommendation of its sub-com- mittee on credentials that anti- Roosevelt delesatlons from Tarrant, Bcll.-Hutehinson, Shclhy, Harrison, El Paso and Dallas county be seat- ed. The committee, voted to scat pro- Roosevelt delegations from Wichita and Wilson counties. The committee, by a voice vote, also passed a resolution Sec DEMOCRATS Pg. 3, Col. 7 Hurricane Poised MIAMI, Fla., Sept. 650 miles off the Atlantic coast due east of Miami, a severe Atlantic hurricane was apparently hesitating between a course which would cith- er endanger the United States coast or keep it out to sea. The dangerous storm has re- mained nearly stationary during the past six to 12 hours, the weather bureau said in a p.m. advisory. Films Coming! LONDON, Sept. that 30 or 40 Amcrinnn films are enroute there today Is making front-page news In Prance, which for four years have been sitting In movie theater darkness illuminated only by the Nazis' ill-received film efforts. Republican Winner In Maine Election PORTLAND, Me., Sept. Democratic Gubernatorial Nominee Paul J. Julllcn of Waterville con- ceded late tonight that he had been defeated by Horace A. Hil- dreth, Republican president of the state Senate, In today's state elec- tion. ROAD TO BERLIN By The Associated Tress. Russian Front: 312 miles (from outside Western Front: 325 miles (from Faslern France: 4-13 miles (from between liesancon and Italian Front: miles (from hclow DINAGAT Second larscst of Philippine Islands; area: sij. ml. FHOM CARRIERS Advancing about 500 miles beyond the westernmost previously -.reported positions of carrier-based aircraft, shattering sen action has blasted Mindanao, southern inland of the Philippines. Here 52 ships we-.'.'. <'own and five airfields were laid waste as the Japs drew new attacks.