Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 11, 1938, Abilene, Texas
Abilene Area Farmers To Receive More Money From Federal Treasury Than From Sale Of Cotton
By RAY DAVIDSON
Central West Texas farmers will receive more money this fall from the government's agricultural adjustment program from the sale of their cotton crop.
This means no great deluge of wealth on the farmers however, for the average cotton grower will only receive approximately $200 for participating in the 1938 government program. This will come in two payments: first, in the distribution of the three cent per pound subsidy on 1937 cotton: and, .second, in payment to the farmers for soil conserving and acreage controlling practices.
Taylor county farmers, for example, may expect approximately $540,000 from the federal government within the next six months. That amount will be divided among nearly 2,500 rura’ families. Their last checks from the national treasury were drawn last spring, when $195,000 was distributed for participation in the 1937 soil program.
Within 30 days, the government plans to distribute the three cent subsidy checks on last year’s cotton. In this program, each farmer is given three cents per pound on the rumoer ot pounds
equal to his 60 per cent of his average production over a Uve-year period, provided he has complied with the government program for 1938.
John Jones’ farm has an average production rf IO bales Regardless of how much cotton he grew in 1937, he was allowed a three cent per pound subsidy on sixty per cent of this average that is, s*x bales. This subsidy will not be paid, however, until Jones has comped with the 1938 program, in which the government told him how marv acres he could plant. This does not mean that Jones is to be given a subsidy on 60 per cent of his 1937 crop. He may be getting a subsidy on all of it. On these six bales he will receive $90.
Checks for this three cent subsidy are expected to total $220,000 for Taylor county.
Next money expected by the farmers from the government will arrive, it is hoped, by January I. This will be for compliance with the 1938 soil program.
To comply, he must have planted no more acreage to cotton than
alloted by the government, and he must divert a certain amount of his cotton land and his general land (devoted to feed, etc > to soil conserving crops. In devoting a part of his land to soil conserving, non-commercial crops, he automatically cuts production of commercial products.
TO EARN PAYMENTS
He will not be paid, technically, on that land he diverts from commercial uses, as in past years. He will be paid an average of $3.12 for each acre planted to cotton—provided ne does not plant past his allotment, and an average of $1 per acre on land p’anted to wheat or general feed crops.
For compliance with these requirements. Taylor tounty tanners will receive approximately $320,000. Only nine farmers in the county are not participating. Twenty-four hundred are.
OLD SOIL PROGRAM
Last year the soil conservation—or production control—program operated on a different basis. Farmers were paid for those acres they diverted from commercial crops For each acre retired from
cotton production, the average farmer received $520, anc for each acre retired from general production, he received $6 05 The maximum he could receive such payments on was 15 per cent of his general acreage and 35 per cent of his cotton acreage
That land retired from production of commercial crops is being improved, since cotton and most feed crops arc des’ructive to the soil. When retired from money crops, the land is either planted in legumes, or some other non-depleting crop, or is lea fallow. This improvement of soil is the front behind which the crop control program operates.
Now let s summarize the government-to-farmers flow of rs'h:
I. Last spring <1938>, as in many years past, farmers wr.e paid for diverting a part of their land from cotton and feed to noncommercial crops in 1937. This was actually their 1937 paycheck
See FARM INCOME, rage 2. Column 6
NEWSPAPERWI)t Abilene sporter -iBlrtos
"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE JOH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES,’’-Byron
VOL LVHI, NO. 103. „r, ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER I I, 1938THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS.
WITH HITLER REPORTED DEMANDING ANNEXATION—
AMflrltlnl Pre** (Af)
PRICE FIVE CENTS
GOODBYE ABILENE _ Hello Chicago. Manager H. T. Fleming off Tuesday on the Sunshine special to direct his Texas champion softballers the Coca-Colas, in their national bid.
EXCHANGE WINS—Softball trophy in the Abilene slow league. “Isn’t it a beauty?’’ says Dr. A. C. Raymond. He fills the double position of team manager and president of the Exchange club.
ON THE JOB — Merle Gruver, new manager of the Abilene chamber of commerce, digs in for a steadv siege rI w*or^ Aspects a placard designed to advertise the West Texas Free Fair to be held in Abilene Oct 3-8. Yes. the fair is one of the bi" jobs he finds on his hands as he takes over the office held for more ban 14 years by T. N. Carswell, now in private business.
CORRIGAN GREETERS — FYmr brothers, some relation or other to the little grinning wrong-way flier, awaited him at the airport Thursday: present because of a sisters letter from Virginia telling them Dong was their half-nephew. Twas news to them as well as Corrigan Left to right. G M Groce and M. R. Groce of Rising Star, R. R. Groce of Clyde rind G C. Groce of Rising Star.
ALL FOR DOUG — Unheeding the food on his fork Congressman Clyde Garrett of Eastland cheered Corrigan at the welcome breakfast Thursday. Garrett came especially for the fete; went home with autographs for his daughters.
SAFETY FIRST — Let’s keep them safe—
these hundreds of youngsters who will be hurrying and scurring to school Monday morning These two, Shirley Ann Price, Just six; and seven-vear-old Charles Rasev, will be reporting at Travis. Both are second graders. (Staff photos by Maurine Eastus Roe)Benes Offers Friendship As Nazis Proclaim Might
SPONSORED BY WCTOG AND BOOSTERS—
FIRST AID INSTRUCTION TO START MONDAY
P. M. Hanahen, United States I Bureau of Mines first aid instruc- j tor, was in Abilene Friday completing plans for the instructors’ first aid course sponsored by the Abilene Boosters club and the West Central Texas OU <fc Gas association.
Classes, to be held in the main conference room of the West Texas chamber of commerce building, will begin Monday, to be held each night except Saturdays and Sundays from 7 to IO o'clock, anti! Sept. 23.
Since the first class is an Important feature of the course, Hanahen urged all who plan to attend to be present Monday night.
Information from the oil association and the Boosters indicates a complete class has been made up of key men from various oil companies in this area, the Community Natural Gas company. West Texas Utilities company. Abilene Fire department. Western Produce company, Post Office department and
The two organizations are sponsoring the course in order that benefit of a Bureau of Mines safety promotion will be available to this territory.
Services of the instructor are free .and the work of the Bureau of Mines has been of great value in the mineral industry in training men for first aid work, thereby eliminating much hazard in industry and the preevntion of fire and explosion.Delay Granted In Cotton Sale
Owners Contend Disposition Now To Cause Loss
See COTTON, Pf. 2. Col. 5
7S . 7s 12 . 7ft . SI
H!*h and Ion temperature* ve»ter(la.T, 97 and 72; aam.- date a yrar ago, 07 and
Hon**! ventrrrfav. Min rise today,
• :I0; and Minuet iodin, |;J|,
Clothes Week Kick - Off At 2
Fleet Of 24 Cars And 6 Trucks To Tour City And Pick Up Bundles On Porches
DICKENS. Sept IO — <Spl > — Postponement until September 26 of sales of 33.000 bales of cotton, stored in a Jayton warehouse, was authorized today by John D. Goodloe of the Commodity C edit corporation, Washington. D C. This information was received by Joe M. Rase. Dickens county farm leader who heads a committee of farmers asking the delay.
The government claims the cotton stored at Jayton is below required standards. Notes against farmers owning the cotton have been called and if the sale Is made now, owners will suffer a loss of from $100,000 to $300,000. Rose and his committee contend. Goodloe informed Rase that he will be glad to talk with a committee of farmers if they desire to come to Washington before September 26, the postponed sale date.
The cotton was placed in the warehouse last fall and winter un-
’Kick-off** for Used Clothes week in Abilene to clothe 5,000 needy persons will begin at 2 p .rn today.
The week, sponsored by the Abilene Boosters club and the United Welfare association, has been set aside for the gathering of clean used clothes.
Under the direction of Ed Slaughter, general chairman. 24 cars and six trucks will tour the city today. Citizens are asked to place bundles of clothes on front porches. If the bundles are not called for by 3 p. rn. then dial 3763 or 4253. *------—--——---
All articles of clothing are wanted. WPA sewing room employes will repair or remake all the clothing and the welfare association will distribute the clothing to needy persons in Taylor county.
Mrs. Morgan Jones wa* on the radio Friday evening giving the week publicity, “x x x there are many children who will not be able to attend school unless they are provided with clothing,” she stated, “x x x clothing of all sorts, styles and sizes are needed and will be accepted."Roundup Rodeo Arena Jammed
COLORADO, Sept. IO— (Spl.) — An overflow crowd of approximately 5.000 persons jammed .he t.fw rodeo plant of the Comrado City Frontier Roundup tonight for final events of the three day celebration Teamed the mast successful rodeo
Gifts asked include men’s and In the history of the city riders boys' suits, shoes, felt hats, and es- and performer from t>-e Southwest pecially shoes for school children and the entire nation have given Women s apparel and even rags will performances twice daily be accepted. Feature event of the night was
BARRELS DOWNTOWN the five gaited horse show. Horses
Barrels will be placed at con- shown were from the sables of venient down-town spots for citi- Chappe! Davis of M’flsnu and P.
ABU.FNF and vicinity: Mostly cloudy
Bandav and Monday.
FAST TFX SS: dandy ahourr*
Sunday and In east and *nuth portion* Monday. DlmlnUhlng ra*trrly wind* hr-cotnln* moderate on upper roast and gentle on lower roast by Sunday night.
W FST TFX AS; Fair Sunday and Mon-day.
NFM MI XKO; Tartly dandy with •rattered thundershower* Sunday and Monday; rooter southeast portion Sunday, warmer Monday.
Bange of temporalurr yesterday
zens to drop used clothes in. They will be placed in their passions Monday, Slaughter said.
Although a concerted drive will be made today between 2 and 5 p. rn. Abilenians are urged to continue to contribute throughout the week.
The drive will continue through Saturday. Clothes will be placed in a store room provided by the
Following the r-xiee events tonight a mammoth street dance was begun Eddie Pyland and Harold Bennett were in cl arge Winners in the rodeo cunt* for
See RODEO, Pg. 2. Col. 3
See USED CLOTHES, Pg. 2, Col. 3
Officers Capture Jones Fugitive
Corrigan Completes Californio Detour
LONG BEACH, Cal., Sept. IO—
i UP> Douglas Corrigan landed
his $900 crate at his home port here today, and thus completed a New York to California trip he started two months ago when a “slight error" on the part of his compass carried him to Dublin, Ireland.
ANSON. Sept. IO—Ernest Carter, who escaped custody of Jones county officers in the Anson courthouse Thursday, was recaptured today by Deputy Sheriff Bill Dun-wody and two members of the state highway patrol.
Dunwodv said here tonight that the fugitive surrendered readily, though armed, when found in a vacant house five miles? from Sagerton. Haskell county. The hideout was in the “breaks" along the Mountain Fork of the Brazos river.Czech LeaderUrges People To 'Be Calm'
Prague, Sudetens Reopen Talks In Minority Dispute
HITLER AND BRITISH AMBASSADOR MEET AT NURNBERGHitler, Goering And Goebbels
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Sept. IO — (AP) — President Eduard Benes held out the hand of friendship tonight to nazi Germany and appealed for peace in a broadcast warning that any clashes in the Sudeten German-Czechoslovak dispute might threaten the peace of all Europe.
PLEDGED TO PEACE
He pleaded with the people to “be calm" and pledged the government to work for justice for all nationalities.
I “If imperialist powers were to J enter into relations between the nationalities,’’ he said, "a regrettable shadow would be thrown over the future of cooperation among them.
“I believe the German people as well as the Czechs, Slovaks and all the others truly desire to work together in quiet.”
The president’s address came shortly after negotiations between the government and the Sudecen Germans over the latter s autonomy demands were reopened after a three-day interruption.
Speaking two days before Chancellor Adolf Hitler of Germany . closes the nazi party congress in Nurnberg with an important address, Benes emphasized thaf Czechoslovakia wanted peace and would do all she could to promote faith and good will among nations. HUNDT. HODZA CONFER In todays negotiations. Ernst Kundt. Sudeten German deputy, conferred more than an hour with Premier Milan Hodza.
The premier was believed to be more optimistic, although no definite information of the course of the conference was given out.
Negotiations had been broken off last Wednesday after disorders at Maehrisch-Ostrau.
At the close. Benes pleaded,
“Let us be ready to make sacrifices but let us be optimists even i in a time of great difficulties; j above all, let us not forget faith 1 and good will move mountains and that they will bring us happily out ; of all present European troubles.” I
This exclusive picture of Nevile Henderson, (left*, British ambassador to Germany,
shows him at Nurnberg, Germany, as he met Reichsfueh-rer Adolf Hitler at a diplomatic
reception during the nazi congress and chatted informally on the critical Czech issue (Associated Press Radiophoto).
WITH STUDENTS ARRIVING—
Colleges Open This WeekLocal SchoolsStalling Also
SPECIAL DAYS COME FAST AS
CRUSADE PASSES HALF MARK
ACC Begins Term With Program For Freshmen Monday
Abilenians Urged To Join In Go To Church Day; Hot Day Big Success
Roosevelt's Train Reaches Chicago
CHICAGO. Sept IO - Preai-dent Roosevelt’s spe.tal hr in arrived r.ere at 8;47 p rn (CST) tonight.
The president was en route to the bedside of his son. James, who will undergo a gas.ric op<uation at the Mayo clinic in Rochester, Minn.
Youth will again predominate on Abilene streets this week as three colleges open the 1938-39 term.
Saturday night students were already arriving on Abilene Christian. McMurry and Hardin - Simmons campuses. Abilene Christian college will be first to start the year, with a program for freshmen Monday morning.
Abilene city schools are likewise beginning the new year. At Abilene high school freshmen registered saturday afternoon, and newcomers have been enrolling for two weeks Upperclassmen will register Monday and Tuesday, Elementary students will report to their schools at 8 30 o'clock Monday morning. DEAN TO PRESIDE
Dean Walter Adams will preside for Abilene Christian college's freshman program at lo o’clock Monday morning Leonard Burford will lead a song, and prayer will be offered by Paul C Witt. Fred Barton, new member of the faculty, instructor in speech, will read from the Bible.
The campaign moves on. Special davs fall thick and fast as the last half of the Abilene Salesmens Crusade begins.
Today is Go to Church Daw All Abilenians are asked to Join in this special observance of the Crusade—a day when both buying and selling are put aside.
See COLLEGES, Pg. 2, Col. 4
Monday is Floor Covering day. and Dry Cleaning Day. The idea is for every resident to purchase something in the line of floor covering, anything from a bath mat to a new living room rug. At the same time, they might get out the fall clothes and have them off to the cleaner—ready for the first cool snap. This summer weather just can’t last forever.
Here'a another idea. If you Just couldn't Join in the observance of Hat day Saturday by buying a new hat; get out last year's felt and have it recleaned and reblocked.
About Hat day—dry goods and clothing merchants declared it by far the most successful commodity day they had had a part in Goals at two places chewed on old straw
“Saturday busine** In men’a felt hats more than three times a normal Saturday, thanks to the Sales Crusade."
“Abilene I* catching on to the Crusade—Hat Day wa* a big success. Sure, lots of folks bought hats.”
There la no commodity day set for Tuesday, but it is the day that Abilene manufacturers are entertaining merchants of the city. Ifs an invitation affair, slated for 7.30 at Cobb Park. There’ll be a barbecue dinner. Taylor county baby beef and all the trimmings and other foods. Abilene products
Manufacturers met again friday afternoon, set September 16 and 17 as Abilene Products day.
The same dates also have been set by service station men and similar businesses as Wash and Lubrication day. That means it’ll be the day to get the old car made like new with a wash and lubrication job.Fire Barrage
Reich To Protect Sudetens, Says Air Minister
NURNBERG, Germany, Sept IO—(AP)—Field Marshal Her-mann Wilhelm Goering anc Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler to day proclaimed Germany unit ed, inviniible and determined to protect her Germanic breth ren—the Sudeten Germans ol Czechoslovakia.
SCORN FOR U. S.
Goering: “We consider ourselvei the masters of events that are un avoidable ... we do not want t< harm anybody. No nation love peace more than we do. But w< will not stand for injury inflicte< upon our German brethren.”
Hitler: “Germany will stam
united, come what may . . . whei providence takes me from my peopl I will hand to the next fuehrer I country welded by iron bonds.** Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels added his voice too to the barrage of nazi oratory by pouring scorn on democracy and its offspring, bol-aheA'am.” He included the United States in hi* indictment af democracy.
Goering’s 90-minute speech—firs to mention Czechoslovakia befop thousands of nazis gathered in thi
See CRISIS, Pf. 2, Col. 3
hat* all day; a barrel at another was practically filled with discarded straws. Here's what the merchants said:
EVENTS TO COME IN WEST TEXAS
ASPERMONT. — Member* of th Aspermont Methodist church ar planning a homecoming celebrate September 18.
HASKELL—A trench silo demon Stratton will be held at Haskell Fai grounds September 15. at 2:30 p. n
ANSON Annual 4-H boys’ tou to visit club projects will be mad Monday, September 12, startin from the courthouse in Anson a 1:15 p rn.
COLEMAN. — Coleman count home demonstration council wii have its annual hooked rug and ma show October 29.
SNYDER—Second annual publi auction of their Domino Returi Hereford* has been set by Winstoi brothers for November 9. Seventy five head will be offered.
SWEETWATER —Midwest exposi tion will be held Tue*day througi Saturday,
EASTLAND—Eastland county fai will be held September 29 to Oct ober I.
BAIRD First Callahan count; fair will be held September 24
SOFTBALLERS' DEPARTURE AND CORRIGAN’S ARRIVAL HIGHLIGHT WEEK IN ABILENE