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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 10, 1944, Abilene, Texas Navy Turns Big Guns on Paia u; Troops Hop Nearer Halmahera “ ■ J    #    «/      __________STORY IN COLUMNS 2 AND 3 Che Abilene sporter _     —        <vrn    rrrmY'    ii    \’Ar»D    rT'AD    f    Pl    TTY    Af SUNDAY I VO! R WORLD EXACTLY AS 11 GOES. "-B\ mn 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES SS E SKF. I CI SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER IO, 1944 —THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECT IONS Associated Frets IAP) Fatted Press PRICE FIVE CENTS 'vol. LXIV. NO. 84 A TEXAS ^ NIWSPAPW ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MUUMUU, iu, ,tt.     —   Nazis Striking Back on Mozelle Soviets 30 Miles From Turkey; War With Bulgarians Calledofl From Belfort D r'WTTT Conf Q  (AP Port Seized; Nazis Report Polish Drive LONDON, Sunday, Sept. IO — (AP) — Russian forces sweeping IOO miles into Bulgaria yesterday occupied the \j\g Black sea port of Burgas, only 30 miles from the Turkish frontier, as Moscow announced the end of its short-lived war with Bulgaria. f,Marines of the Black sea fleet under Admiral E. S. Oktyabrsky, Sevastopol hero, aided In the seizure of Burga?, 52 miles south of Bulgaria’s other maLn seaport, Varna, taken Friday. v In onv* of the shortest war# in history Soviet troops were ordered to cease military operations against Bulgaria effective at IO p. rn. (2 p. m. Central War time) last night, “in view of the fart the Bulgarian government wt has severed relations with Germany, declared war on Germany, and asked the Soviet government for an armistice,” said the broadcast Moscow statement. if'The occupation of Burgas put the Russians under Gen. Feodor I. Tol-bukhin, Third Ukraine army commander, only 80 miles from Greece In the swift drive to annihilate or capture 250.000 Germans estimated *•-' be cut off in that country and Yugoslavia. Bombs Hit Over Vast Japs Area By the Associated Press Warships turned their big guns Wednesday on the Palau islands in what may be the beginning of the long expected three way amphibious attack on Japanese bases there and at Yap and Halmahera, needed by American troops before they retake the Philippines. At least one amphibious move toward Halmahera was made Thursday when General MacArthur^ troops seized Soepiori island just west of Biak in Geelvink bay. Blistering American air attacks continued over a vast area Manado, on the northern tip of Celebes, was hammered with a 150-ton bomb load. Widespread damage was caused with some oil dumps being set afire. Liberators. Mitchells and Lightnings pounded gun positions and airdromes on Halmahera without challenge in the air. Great numbers of carrier based planes worked over Palau, also, the Toklo radio said. The enemy radio claimed, too, that battleships and cruisers shelled islands in the Yap group. Adm. Chester W. Nimitz’ headquarters in the Pacific announced the surface and air assault on Palau. The Navy release said buildings and defense installations on Anguar were blasted as the battleships, cruisers and destroyers opened up on the southernmost island of the Palau group. Communications facilities at Peieliu island were torn and bombs blew up supply dumps. Large fires were started on Koror. A Japanese air field, radio station and fuel dump felt the brunt of the attack on Arakahesan island. There was little anti-aircraft fire. None of the attacking ships, which usually soften up Invasion beaches for thousands of troops, suffered am damage in the attack. The Bulgarians are estimated to have 20 good divisions which they can hurl into the battle against their former comrades-in- arms, the rfjhzis. And With the seizure of Burgas the Russians have another valuable port with which to quicken the conquest of the Balkans. Berlin announced that -the Red army had begun a new offensive in southern Poland aim-^•ed at Krakow, last big baston guarding the invasion path into German Silesia, and the Russians announced rapid gains in northeastern and central Romania in the drive on Hungary, L last big Axis satellite nation. Gen. Rodion Y. Malinovsky's second Ukraine army units moving toward the plains of Hungary advanced 34 miles in 24 hours from gibiu in Transylvania, taking the mil city of Alba Julia, only 108 miles ftom the prewar Hungarian frontier. The Navy announcement also told of new attacks on the Bonin and Volcano Islands, nearer Japan proper. Armv bombers pounded Two .lima on Wednesday and Thursday. One of four Japanese planes In the air was believed destroyed.    ,    .. . _.    . Liberators damaged a cargo vessel in the harbor of Chlhi Jima In the Bonins. Other air attacks were made on Pagan island in the Marianas and against Truk, the Marshalls and Nauru island. Mal. Gen. Ken yrs Satn of the Japanese war ministry broadcast that 20th bomber command Superfortresses had followed up their heavy attack on Japanese war industry at Anshan. in southern Manchuria, with a IO plane raid. The enemy ineffectually raided the Superfortress base in retaliation. In Washington it was announced that one Superfortress in the big raid had failed to return and was presumed to be lost. War-torn China felt growing Japanese strength there as h^des of the Nipponese smashed down the Hunan-Kwangsi railway and broke into Tungan, important town 90 miles from Kweilin, capital of Kwangsi province. Bloody street fighting ensued after the Japanese entered the city. The enemy troops dashed 95 miles from Hengyang, capturing the American air base of Lingling on the way.    _ ROME, Sept. 9 — (AP) — Two Allied columns coming up from southern France struck today to within 25 miles of the sentinel city of Belfort, whose fortifications bar the way through a mountain gap into the plains before Germany’s frontier on the Rhine, 30 miles east of the fortress. The Germans, who fought hard in Besancon, broke and ran under American blows and Allied headquarters said doughboys now had covered at least half of the 41 miles from Besoncon to Belfort. It wa* likely that patrols, moving swiftly after resistance was crushed in Besa neons streets, had adavnced even nearer to the city. (A Swiss frontier dispatch Friday said the Americans were within IO miles of Belfort and that the battle for the city had begun * French troops fighting up through the Jura mountains seized the towns of Pierre - Fontaine and Maiche, the latter 25 miles south of Belfort. These twin drives seemed to be outracing German forces trying to hold open the roads branching out from Dijon, 47 miles west of Besancon. The Germans were offering stiff resistance to the French moving up along a 40-mile front to within 23 miles of Dijon at one point. But if they let the Americans reach Belfort before them they may never get back to the Fatherland. DEATH CONFIRMED — A captured German general Saturday confirmed reports that Field Marshal Gen. Guenther von Kluge above is dead. The same general said Field Marshal Gen. Erwin Rommel has been seriously wounded. Troops Rushed From Westway Patton Bridgehead in Difficulty By The Associated Press Forced into a showdown by the ring of Allied steel constantly tightening on all sides. Germany* battered but not yet conquered armies lashed hack yesterday with dearth fury in a great battle on the Moselle river and stiffened their resistance in southern France and northern Italy.    .    ,    .    .    ,, f Field Marshal Gen. Whither von Model, the Nazis new commander-in-chief on the west- em front, rushed reserves from the Siegfried line to join in fierce counterattacks against AU lied troops in France, Belgium and the Netherlands. The U S Third army of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, holding five bridgeheads in x ary mg depth alone Hie Moselle'near Metz, bore the brunt of the German ferocity. The American positions were being subjected to a heavy artillery barrage and Associated Press Correspond. ent Edward R. Ball said the situation was “difficult "    .    .    , In Belgium the British Second army made a second crossing of the Albert canak in a Baird Lieutenant Captive of Nazis Lt. Morris H. Cooke, first pilot on I B-17 Flying Fortress and missing m action since June 23 over Rom-aia, is a prisoner of war of the herman government, his wife, and Albany Sailor Dies in Adion ALBANY. Sept. 9—(Spl)-James Johnson Goodman, ship’s cook first class, tjn of Mr. and Mrs. Jim Goodman of Albany, was killed in a land mine explosion S.pt. 3 while In service, the Navy department has notified the parents. The young man was born Sept. 24, 1921. in Frost, Tex., and was graduated from Mertens high school in 1940. He volunteered to the Navy July 2, 1940, and trained at San' Diego. Calif. He was assigned to ship duty in 1940 and served two years in the Pacific and two years in the Atlantic. He was a member of the Baptist church. Survivors are his parents; a brother, Pfc. John M. Goodman in New Guinea; a sister, Mrs. Haskell Woodward, Dallas; and two grandmothers, Mis. Miller Goodman, Mertens. and Mrs. Beulah Johnson, Frost. Gulf Storm to Move in Today Greeks to Naples LONDON, Sept. 9.—(/Pl—The Cairo radio said today the seat of the Greek government has been shifted from Cairo to the Naples area. The Weather NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 9—(fl-i— A tropical “disturbance” moving in from the Gulf of Mexico is expected by weather bureau observers to strike the Texas coast Sunday morning between Galveston and Port Arthur. “Winds will begin increasing on the upper Texas and west Louisiana coasts tonight,” a 3 p.m. central war time, weather bureau communique said. “But velocities are not expected to exceed 45 miles per hour in heavier squalls as center moves inland.” The communiques said tides were expected to be “considerably above normal but no dangerous conditions are indicated." The “disturbance,” at 2 p.m. was located about 200 mi’es southeast of Corpus Christi, Tex., and said to be moving inland at from 12 to 15 miles per hour with winds of 400 miles per hour velocity near the center. Small craft on the Texas and Louisiana coasts were edvlsed to remain in port. The Germans suffered a great industrial blow in this fighting, for the French overran a rich steel and coal region lying about 45 miles south of Dijon. The Schneider metallurgical works, with a capacity of 30,000 tons of steel annually, is in the area. More than 17ft miles south of the battle for Belfort, American forces plunging deep into the Alps where peaks rear to 13,000 feet were attacking Bri-ancon, seven miles from the Italian frontier. Here the Germans were trying to hold open the St. Genevre pass into Italy. Overhead the Allies had an aggressive aerial cover which destroyed or damaged 12 locomotives, six of them caught in the area of Belfort haulting trains loaded with soldiers. A number of the troop carrying cars were destroyed. Ike Will Flash V-Day toll. S. WASHINGTON. S^pt. 0 UT* The Office of War Information and the War and Navy departments said in a mint statement today that rumors of Germany’s surrender should not be accepted unless confirmed bv Gen. Dwtght D, Fisen-howt. supreme , AHieri commander in the European Theater of operations. The statement said in part; “It, is quite possible that there will be no single day which can be called the end of the war with Germany. Instead of a surrender en masse, the German armies ma\ gradually disintegrate and surrender piecemeal. If there should be a general surrender, headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Force will be the first to know it Accordingly, no rumors of surrender should be accepted unless confirmed by Gen. Eisenhower.” Snyder Man Freed Of Romania Prison Partisans Storm Toward Danube LONDON. Sunday, Sept. IO.—(ZP —Marshal Tito’s Partisan armies, fighting toward the Danube, stormed into the river and highway town of Zajecar in eastern Serbia yesterday in a drive carrick within six miles of the Bulgarian border, the free Yugoslavia radio announced today. A special broadcast communique said Tito's forces now were within 30 miles of the Danube. SNYDER, Sept. 9—(AC) —Staff Sgt. Donald E. McGlaun of Snyder has been freed from a Nazi prison in Romania, and tonight his relatives and friends wondered how soon he will cable and telephone them. Nadell Wilson, to whom he Is engaged, tonight received a letter from him, saying he had been freed from Romanian prison No. 2 and was back in Italy. “I'm broke and as soon as I can drive toward the weakest sector of the Siegfried line, north First army plunged beyond Liege down the last IR miles to the German border. But both forces encountered fresh Nazi troops and increasing resistance. The heaviest fighting since Normandy was raging along the Mozelle. As Lt. Gen. George S. Patton’s forces plunged across the river at one small bridgehead. they were caught in withering artillery, mortar and machine gun fire from camouflaged forts, which waited to yank their lanyards sfter the first wave was across. American artillery thiuidered In reply, as the battle mounted In fury. more ll. 8. batteries were wheeled up to arid to the earth-shaking barrage descending on the forts. There was hard and sanguinary fighting ai every one of the five crossings of the Moselle, and the Germans were pulling reserves from the Siegfried line in an attempt to hold this last river harrier before the rich Baar basin of the homeland. Earlier, the Germans had risked badly-needed reserves to send a counterattack -the largest since the Normandy campaign—rumbling out of the forests of Luxembourg, but it was cut to pieces by the alertness of the Third army on the northern end of its front. From the sudden resurgence of enemy resistance after the disasters in france and Belgium. it seemed clear that the German high command had elected to fight now. rather than wait for the lightning to strike in the outmoded system of fortifications known as the Siegfried line. • The German home radio was heard giving the fatherland a slogan—“They shall not pass”—bor rowed from the French of the First World War.) The Germans also poured reinforcements from the Netherlands Into the furious fighting on the British front, but the Tommies won an- of Aachen, and the U. S, Albert get enough money together 1 11 other foothold across the cable you,” Sergeant McGlaun canal, which guards the northern wrote in the latter, dated Sept. 2.| approaches to the enemy* frontier “In a few days I’ll be in a place and held on. where I can telephone you."    I    (The Germans appeared more Son of Mr. and Mrs. O D.    Mc-J    concerned over the Ihird armv Glaun of Snyder, the non-com    was j    threat, the Berlin radio saying a turret gunner and assistant ra Cannon Planes in Use on Carriers WASHINGTON, Sept. 9(AV-Cannon-firing warplanes, the first ever built for operation from an aircraft carrier, are in operation against the japanese, the Navy dis-; closed today. dioman in a B-17 when he went down over Romania April 24. Road to Berlin By the Associated Press I.—Russian front: 312 miles (from outside Pultusk). 2—Western front: 355 miles (from Liege). 3.—Eastern France:    460    miles • from point between Besancon and Belfort). 4.—italian front: 583 miles (from below Rimini*. u COOKE •urents, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Cooke, fff of Baird, have been officially ictified. Lieutenant Cooke also has been iwarded the Air Medal and two oak eaf clusters, his wife and parents lave been advised. The B-17 pilot I been overseas since March. TI is wife and their two year old laughter have been making their tome with his parents in Baird 4nce the lieutenant went overseas. S. DEPARTMENT OE COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE ANI) VICINITY:    Cloud> Sunday and Monday. C onler Monday. WEST TEXAS:    Cienfra'ly    fair Sun- rfa \ and Monday, except cloudy and cooler Panhandle Sunday afternoon and Panhandle and South Plain* Sunday nirht. Cooler Monday. EAST TEXAS: Partlv cloudy lo cloudy Sunday. Rain east central and extreme east portions, moderate to heavy extreme southeast portion. Monday partlv cioudy, cooler extreme northwest portion, northeast storm warnings are disposed from Freeport northward. TEM PERATT RE 8 Sat. - Iii. Hora    LM. I ....... TS    -    15 i,    2 ........ SI    -    TS 3 ........ S'!    -    TS 4 ........ S2 ...    5 ........ Si 6  82 7      SO Sat. - Fri. A.M. fin - «1 Surprised German General Is Killed WITH U. S SEVENTH ARMY TROOPS AT BESANCON. Franc*, Sept. 7.—(Delayed)—(ZP)—Maj. Gen. Axel Schmidt, a German division commander, became one of the first high-ranking enemy officers actually to be killed on the front line in a fight here today. Apparently unaware of the presence of American troops in this sector. the German general was filtrated when he encountered a small group of doughboys. Instead of surrendering, he turned and ran frantically. He had gone only a short distance when a volley of rifle and tommygun bullets cut him down. Veteran Flier Wounded, Prisoner sn so 58 57 ss .vs .vs 68 - 57 ss 56 56 56 5." 60 67    —    -    -    - ti -    .........J* .........; 74-71    .........I <......... TS - 74    12    a High and low temperatures to » S3 and VV. High and low same last year SO and 62.^ Sunset last night:    .51. Sunrise this morning: 7:1«. Sunset tonight; 7.53. 7» so TS 77 60 65 tit 61 60 pm date Trial of Accused Murderer Oct. 16 William McMahan, indicted on charges of murder in connection with the death of Luther Collins, pleaded not guilty Saturday when arraigned in 42d district court before Judge Milburn S. Long. Date of his trial was set for Oct. 16. First Lt. Wesley C. Akins, veteran bombardier-navigator who has been missing in action since July 19, is wounded and a prisoner of war of the German government, the War department has informed his parent?, Mr. and Mrs. F. E Akins, 810 Palm. Nature of his wounds was not revealed bv the government message which gave an International Red Cross broadcast as the source of information. Lieutenai ’ Akins, who entered service in May 1942, had been st*-J Honed in England since April. He holds the Air Medal and two Oak Leaf Clusters. A 1935 yrauate of Abilene high, school, he was employed by the Halliburton Oil Well Cementing company prior to entering service. He received primary training at Ellington field and his wings and ; commission at Concho field, San Angelo. He was graduated from navigation school at San Marcos j and received combat training at that “huge forces of mrn and material” were massed in the Metz area — 25 miles from the Saar—and that large-scale assaults on the Saar border are imminent.” (Capt. Ludwig Se r tori us, the Nazi military commentator, said the Third army had ‘'started a frontal attack against the town of Metz.") , From the resistance to the British push, and from the counterblow the Germans tried to deal the Third army, it seemed clear that in the last 24 hours German strate- , gists had decided to make the stand before the 400-mile belt of pill boxes j and for Is guarding the Reich's frontier. More than 1,000 U. S. heavy bombers for the second straight day plastered rail and industrial tarter GERMANY. Pg. 6, Col. 5 I UI * * J G 11 11 * * i * I NAZIS’ LAST ‘IMPREGNABLE’ LINE — Black area on map above shows the Siegfried line or West wa 11 — the last of Germany’* “impregnable” fortified lines Fierce fighting raged on its approaches, as the British struck toward the northern sector, the U. S. First toward Aachen, and the I S. Third toward Saarbrucken. The U. S. 7th was nearing Belfort, at the extreme south.    _ ________ Matched Calf Roping Payoff of 9-Day Fair Germans Borrow Verdun's Slogan By BETSY ROSS The snnual West Texas fair came to the end of its 9-day stand last night and the concluding giand-stand attraction was the payoff for the whole meet. as salty an exhibition of matched calf roping as has ever been staged in this or any other arena. Dan Taylor of Doole bested Ted Powers of Ozona by a 14.3 second margin spread over 15 calves and Bob McGuire of ( olo-rado City topped Jack Strick- LT. WESLEY AKINS Pvote and at Alexandria, La, Two brothers in service are Capt. Don Akins, Camp Campbell, Ky., and Pvt. Gerald Akins, Scott field, IIL LONDON, Sept. 9—uPi—The Ger man home radio tonight proclaimed for the invasion-threatened Rhineland the slogan "Ihey shall not pass," made famous by the French . atln arpep tallTto^the German pop- KllOX MSII S S139 ulation. the commentator said the IM IVA    I    a ' ‘'w™L”°£u 1a™nd mo^Tour, —s —‘ t~.*-Cl.lrt and trainload.- of new weapons issue from every factory without interruption.’* the speaker said. Thousands of fanatic Hitler youths Suspect Arrested in DALLAS. Sept 9—(ff>—Chier of Detectives Will Fritz said a 37-year-old man, former resident of Navarro county, was arrested tonight for questioning in the slaying of Fred- are moving”up to the front, reedy to I .rick Davis. 57. foxing hnttruc.or give their last, shirking no sacn- from Kmx City, Knox c y fleet. They shall not pate ta the wa* beaten to death and robbed last spirit in the German west."    I    Monday. land of Abilene by 37.4 seconds for 15 tries each. Taylor bounced out of the chut# and tied down one big brawly Brahma in 12.5 seconds, thought to be the lowest ever turned in at a local roping and several seconds under what Is ordinarily considered crack time. Taylor’s 12 5 second calf came just after Powers, struggling to e\en the match on his 14th attempt, had snared and tied one in 13 5. Powers was roping behind an 11.1 second deficit rolled up Thursday night and had stayed behind all the way. Taylor however took 34 seconds on two loops on his 14th calf and Powers’ 13.5 put him with six-tenths of a second of a tie. His final time for the night was a speedy 14 6 but it wasn’t good enough. Taylor had a total of 290 3 on tho entire 15 calves, to Powers 304 „ ii.. McKuire stayed in front all the way in his meeting ^ith^Strickland-and finished Strickland's 6. CoL S with a 387.5 total. 15-calf time was 424.9. See FAIR* Ft* ;