Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 9, 1954, Abilene, Texas
SCATTERED SHOWERS'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron
VOL. LXXIV, NO. 85
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPT. 9, 1954-TWENTY-FOUR PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 6c, SUNDAY 10c
Batchelor Told On Fellow POW, Witness Says
SAN ANTONIO, Sept. 8 Uf)~A former prisoner of war told Cpl. Claude Batchelor’s court-martial here today he overheard Batchelor give information to a Chinese Communist officer about a fellow prisoner.
The witness was Sgt. Bernard Buli, 22, of Fort Devens, Mass., whose hometown is Wilkes Barre, Pa.
Batchelor is charged with aiding the enemy and informing on his fellow American prisoners while he was a POW in Korea.
Heard Reply Buli said he heard a conversa-t'on between Batchelor and a Chinese official named Lim, nicknamed ‘The Screaming Skull,’’ in which the Chinese asked Batchelor he knew “who had the camera.” JUili said he heard Batchelor reply “Megyesi had the camera.” Earlier today, John J. Megyesi, 13, of Farrell, Pa., testified he f'lent two months and eight days in confinement after his Chinese rapHors had learned of his possession of a camera.
Megyesi said he did not know Low the Chinese found out.
Acquired Camera Another witnes.s. First Lt. Walter L. Mayo Jr.. Fort Devens. Mass., said he had acquired the camera from Megyesi through an intermediary.
Mayo testified he had taken pictures of such scenes as people suffering from beri beri, "spots where we buried the dead” and trains of dead on stretchers.
He said he had u.^ed all but about 10 feet of the film when he was called to the camp headquarters and was told by “The Screaming Skull” that it was known he had the camera.
Camera Taken Away Later the camera was taken from him, he said.
It was indicated today that it was unlikely that Cpl. Edward Dickenson would be called by either side to testify in the trial.
Dickenson, from Big Stone Gap, Va., was tried on charges similar to those against Batchelor, convicted last Nfay and sentenced to 10 years at hard labor.
Both Dickenson and Batchelor, who is 22 and from Kermit, Tex., first chose to stay with their raptors and then dianged their minds
Dickenson was brought here last week.
Dickenson’s lawyer. Guy Emerey of the firm of Ansell & Ansell in Washington. DC. has notified him that he doesn’t have to tesUfy. Em
erey also requested trans^rtation for himself to San Antonio if it is decided to put Dickenson on the stand.
Photographers waited in vain today to take Dickenson’s picture. He had been brought out of the Fort Sam Houston stockade yesterday for the pictures, but objected because he didn’t have his corporal’s chevrons and campaign ribbons. He contended he was entitled to wear them while his case was on appeal.
Still Some Questions
The Army had taken him back yesterday without any pictures being made and said he would be brought out again today.
Officers said today Dickenson had decided he didn’t want his picture taken and there also was still some question about the wearing of his rank stripes and ribbons.
Girl Bull Fighter To Recover; Vows Relurn to Ring
DEL RIO. Tex.. Sept. 8 ^L«wilh the same courage she showed in the bull ring, Patricia McCormick pulled through the crisis brought by a mad. black bull that impaled her on its horns.
Her attending physician today said that Pat passed the crisis last night and was going to be all right.
He doubted that she could fight any more this season, but word came from her hospital room that she was eager to return to the bull ring.
The 24-year-old matadora from Big Spring, Tex., a bullfighter for three years, was working her second buU in tlie ring at Ciudad Acuna, Mex., across the Rio Grande from Del Rio Sunday, when death almost came.
Pat was the third act (rf the fight, using the muleta, the smaller cape used in the death act. when the big black bull charged, gored her in the grom and lifted her on its boms.
Actor's Estate Less Than $10,000
LOS ANGELES. Sept. 8 i^Ac-tor Eugene Pallelte left a California estate of less than $10,000, a petition for probate of his will indicated today.
U.S. JETS INACTION
Nationalists Say Reds’ Attack on Quemoy Halted
Shivers Says Convention Under Control
AUSTIN. Sept. 8 (A>i-As the governor himself said, you can “betcha boots” conservative Democrats will be in charge of next week’s state convention, and will run the party the next two years.
Gov. Shivers told a news conference today that his friends will prevail on the State Executive Committee which will be made up of persons recommended by district caucuses "except where they are unfriendly."
Claims Pooh-poohed The governor otherwise underscored his victory in the recent Democratic primaries over Ralph Yarborough and the liberal faction of the party by pooh-poohing claims that the Republicans swung it for him.
He said National GOP Committeeman Jack Porter—who said Republicans helped put Shivers across —was “in the same bucket” with Yarborough and others Shivers referred to as “top dogs in the CIO.” Yarborough throughout the gubernatorial campaign called Shivers a Republican because he backed Dwight D, Eisenhower for president in 1952. He also said Shivers was calling on his Republican friends to help him in the governor’s race.
Considered Re-statement Shivers told newsmen today he considered his victory over Yarborough a "re-statement of independence by the Texas electorate," He said he referred to the sort of independence the voters showed in 1952. when they “placed the welfare of the state over politics." Shivers defied tradition that year by repudiating Adlai Stevenson, the Democratic nwninee, and backing Eisenhower.
The Texas governor once more called for removal of Stephen Mitchell as diairman of the Democratic National Committee. He said if the party “got rid of’ Mitchell and put in a middle-of-the-road Democrat, there might be some chance of finding a 1956 Democratic candidate accej^able to the South.
CalkouB Gets Nod
Galloway Calhoun, Tyler attorney who was active in Elvers’ campaign lor re-election, apparently has the nod as keynoter for the Mineral Wells convention Tuesday. Shiver* was unable to say to whom other convention would go.
W’hether or not the convention would take any actiixi regarding Wright MtMTOw as national committeeman was apparently up in the air. There has been new talk that the convention replace Morrow.
Morrow is recognised as national committeeman by the state c«i-venlion, but Mitchell does not recognize him. Morrow contend* the matter has not been voted on by the national committee. Morrow’s support of Eisenhower in 1962 is uhat irks Mitchell.
McCarthy, on Stand, Blasts Zwicker Again
Senator May Last Witness
WASHINGTON, Sept. 8 (AP)->Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) opened his defense against censure charges today by blasting Brig. Gen. Ralph Zwicker as an arrogant, evasive and untruthful witness on Army handling of suspected Communists. . ,
Zwicker, wearing his World War II decorations, sat on the sidelines and flushed angrily as McCarthy—countering charges he abused the general in a closed hearing last Feb. 18—unleashed a searing new attack.
Not Fit, McCarthy Says The Wisconsin senator said he never intended to question Zwicker’s loyalty, but he repeated one of his challenged statements about the former Camp Kilmer, N.J., commander —a declaration that Zwicker is not fit to wear the uniform of an American general. .
“I said that then, I say it now and 111 say it again! McCarthy cried out, his voice
Edna Curves Away From
^ U.S. Coast
DULLES SIGNS — U. S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles signs a collective security pact which in effect warned the Communists against any further aggression in Southeast Asia. Dulles, who sponsored and sparked the meeting, held at Manila, was the last representative of the eight nations of SEATO to sign.
8 Nations Sign Pact
MANILA. Thursday. Sept. 9 yw-j rescue. It provide« honors nations yesterday signed a ¡each member in evem of agg^-
securily pact which flashes a red; sion wiU “act to
— ■ . _ _ . jjjQn (jjuiger in accordance w ith
TAIPEH, Formosa. Thursday. Sept 9 Nalumalist planes and warships in the heaviest attack of the week on the Red China coast yesterday silenced Communist gurvs which had been pounding strategic Quemoy Island, the De-len.se Ministry said.
ThunderjeU furnished by the United States went into combat for the first time.
Tension mounted in the Far East as the pounding of Communist Amoy, and its satellite bases on nearby Islands, roared into the third straight day Amoy is but five miles from Quemoy. which lies 120 miles across Formosa Strait from Formosa.
Feared 7Ui Fleet Hong Kong, the ner\ous British colony on Red China’s doorstep, feared the U S 7th Fleet would become involved. All U.b. fighting ahips in Hong Kong harbor had disappeared.
British owners warned their ship« to stay out of the area after a fr«ghter was machinegunned in Amoy harbor Tuesday and asked lor royal navy pnHection One Tai|>eh newspaper said the Nationalists were raising Uie question of whether to call off the of five • defensive operations in this “vest poiket war" or make a po* ■ihle landing on Amoy.
Secretary of State* Dulles is due In from Manila today for a short visit end a talk with President Chiang Kal shek Chiang is expected to review the Quemoy situation and bring up a possible mutual defense pact with the lilted State*.
A Defense Ministry communique deacrlbed the air and tea blows yesterday aa the heavlesl yet against mainland and Island point* from whkfr the Red* have been •heUing Quemoy.
Shelia, bomb* and buiU»t* were rained on junks, artillery poslUon*. barracks and other military installations with "excellent" reeulU. Ibe ministry said.
Pilots swept the area in power dives and low-level attacks as the enemy fire dribbled off.
Warship* bombarded the stone fortresses and other strongpoints on .Amoy and pounded nearby Wuyu Island.
Britain Gives Up On 9-Pow«r Meet
LONDON, Sept. 8 if^-Britain today gave up the idea of assembling a nine-power conference by next ’Tuesday on West German rearmament.
The Bonn government has raised objections to such an early meeting while Paris and WasWngton showed no enthusiasm for it.
PREPARE FOR CXTMPETITION — Five of the girls competing at Atlantic City. N. J„ for the Miss America title are grouped on the Boardwalk for a pre-conpetition picture. The first round of competition opened when the ieauties had breakfast with the 11 Judges. Left to right: Miiis Chicago. Regina Dombeck; Miss Tennessee, Gmv Johnson, of Nashville; Misa Texas. Yvone Erw^. of Dil-las’ Misi New York, Heather-Jo Taferner, New York City; and Miaa California, Lee Ann Meriwether, of Loi Angelei.
Aop light against Commumst aggression in Asia.
Temporarily named the Southeast Asia Collective Security Defense Treaty, it is aimed at repelling any aggression against the soil of the United States, Britain. France, Australia. New Zealand, Thailand, Pakistan and The Philippines.
While they are not signatories, the treaty extends its protection to the Indochina states of l^os, Cambodia and South A iet Nam. These three, like Thailand, fear they may be the next Urgets of aggression.
Excluded are Nationalist Formosa and South Korea the two nations with the largest anti-Com-munists anuie* in Asia—as well as Japan. .
Prime Minister Pyun Yung Tai of South Korea immediately showed his displeasure. He belit-Ued the effects of the treaty and told a news conference in Seoul that SouUi Korea was “the only true ally of the United States."
Foreign Minister Katsuo Okazaki of Japan tdd the Diet, however, he thought Japan "should back it (the treaty) up, at least spiritually.”
There was no official comment from NaUonallst China, which was preparing for a visit from U. S. Secretary of State Dulles. Dulles was hurrying from the Manila conference to Formosa for a conference with NaUonalirt Preaident Chiang Kai-shek.
The treaty falls short of U» demand* of such nation* as 'The Philippine« that any attack on any member nation would automaUcal-ly bring all other member* to the
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its constitutional processes.”
Five Items Listed In other words, the United SUtes could not go to war under the treaty until war had been declared constitutionally by Congress.
A highly placed U.S. Stole Department soarce said the Manila conference accomplished five things which should serve as a warning to the Communists*.
1. 'The United States, Britain and France sat dowm together again
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.MIAMI, Fla., Sept. 8 (ÆV-Hum-cane Edna’s threat to the Florida coast vanished today as the 115-mile-an-hour tropical storm curved to the north and the possibility grew it might not strike anywhere on the U. S. mainland.
In an advisory at 5 p.m., Miami’s chief storm forecaster, Grady Norton. placed the storm center 280 miles east of West Palm Beach, Fla., and said the hurricane now is moving straight north.
During the next 12 hours, Norton said, the storm may continue its curve to a northeasterly course that would carry it away fr«n the mainland and out ov«* op«i Atlantic waters.
Began Shifting Tfre hurricane, which for 86 hours pursued a west-northwest course toward Miami, began shifting toward the north late last night. Early this afternoon. Norton said there now is a possibility that “nobody will get hit.”
Nassau, the British colonial capital of 20,000 population which had boarded up in full expectation of getting the hurricane’s highest w*inds, escaped with a 30-mile breeze as the storm turned.
Nowhere in the Bahamas, a string of islands stretching from near the South Florida coast to Haiti on the Carribean Sea. was any serious damage reported.
Alert Lifted Last night, as stormwise South Floridians began to board up for the storm, Edna began a slight turn toward the north. By 11 a.m. today, she was traveling a north-northwest course and the South Floridi alert was lifted.
Norton emphasized, however, that hurricane mcwementa are more difficult to determine when
rising from the subdued monotone in which he gave most of his testimony.
McCarthy took the stand as the third and probably final witness in his effort to refute five groups of charges brought against him by three fellow senat(M*s— charges aimed at getting a vote of censure fitwm the entire Senate.
Refased Testimony Earlier his first witness, Maj. Gen. Kirke B. Lawton, refused to give the testimony McCarthy called for. citing a secrecy directive handed down by President Eisenhower during the McCarthy-Army hearings last spring.
'Hie McCarthy side promptly accused the Pentagon of "gagging" Lawton, and the six - member special committee went into dosed session to consider whether the general should be ordered to tes-U5'. No dedsion was reach^ immediately. however, ai«i Chairman Watkins (R-Utoh) announced:
"The matter will not he pre»ed at the moment.”
McCarthy’s other witness. John J. Harding Jr., oi New York, testified he heard Zwicker mutter “you s.o.b.’’ with reference to McCarthy a few hours before Zwicker and McCarthy came to grips at a
dosed session of the McCarthy In
vestigating subcommittee in New York.
McCarthy in turn said that was exactly the impression Zwicker gave him when he questioned the general about the now • famous case of Maj. Irving Peress. He said Zwicker took "the attitude that the chairman < M c -Carthy) was a s.o.b. and that he wouldn’t answer unless he had to."
Peress is the New York dentist who was given an honorable discharge despite his refusal to answer loyalty questions and despite McCarthy’s demand that he be court-marlialled. McCarthy renewed today a charge
RALPH ZWICKER . again McCarthy target
Reds Reject Plane Protest
MOSCOW, Sept. 8 (^Russia tonight rejected an American protest on the shooting down last Saturday of a U.S. Navy Neptune bomber off Siberia by Soviet jets, ’The Russians repeated their claim tiie big plane violated Soviet air space.
The Soviet note, delivered by messenger to the American Embassy here, repeated the charg* the bwnber opened fire first on the Soviet fighters well inside Soviet territorial waters oil Siberia.
The U.S. Navy contended the patrol bomber was well outside Russian territorial waters when two Russian jets shot it down 44 mile* off the Siberian coast. Nine of tha 10 crew m«tnbers were rescued.
The United States immediately sent a note of protest to the Kremlin and almost simultaneously the Russians protested to the United States against the alleged violation of its air space.
they are moving slowly. Edna, ^ j Peress it “a Fifth Am«»dment said. "I* an erratic lady and we’ll communist" and that the Army—
have to continue a close watch on her."
See McCarthy, rg. ^a, cm. i
Judge Says Tittle Is Sitting On Deeds for Right-of-Way
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By GEORGIA NELSON A dispute over U. S. 10 rigttt-of-way in Precinct 2 of Tayloc County rose to boiling pitch W’ed-nesday with County Judge Reed Ingalsbe turning on the heat full blast.
Ingalsbe jumped back tnt» the fight wIm» he learned that Precinct 2 Commission«* Rufe TItU« had called untrue. statemenU made by the judge earli« in the week concerning the right-of-way status.
TitUe Wedne«l*y momlng denied flatly that he had In his possession any luepared deeds to the needed right-of-way.
later in the day Ingalsbe said just as emi^atically that he was Informed by the Stale Highway Department that the deed*, ready for signatures of property owner*, covering right-of-way Irom Merkel to the west Taylor County line, were turned over to *11111# Nov. i, 1963.
Me^y Reedy to B* Speet DUtrici Highway Engineer Jake Roberta, at Texas ARM CoUege attending a short course for highway engineer*, said in a lelephont uxuiversation with the Reporter-New* that "1919.000 in highway funds for construction from Pioneer Drive on the west edge of Abi-
1«M to the Mrt edge «1 Itorkel and
JUDGE REED INGALSBE . . tired eC taking mp’
from the west ed^ of Merkel to Trent" are on hand and ready to be eontmrted.
"At are ntoat anxkai* to gel under contract that part of the U. S, m expreesway between Abilene and Trent,” Robert* «aid.
He said present plans do not call tor a revUlon of the route through Merkel The expreesway would «od on the eiMt and weit
edges of Merkel, but would circle to the north aroiuid Tyt and around Trent. Eventually the expressway is expected to be routed through the north edge of Merkel, but no funds are yet available and no plans complrted for that, Robert* aaid.
All Deeds Prepared
Roberts said all the (toeds have been prepared f«r the necessary right-of-way between Abilene mk! Trent
A ngiokeeman at hit office said that deeds, covering a distance of six miles from Ttent to Merkel. w«w given Tittle last Novemb«*.
AH unobtained right-of-way needed in Precinct 1 (Commissiooer aaude Newbtiry’i precinct) Is now in a stage ef arbitration by a jury of view—in condemnation proceedings.
Roberts said all field surveys are completed, except tor possiWy some minor changes that may be required.
TitUe told The Reporter-New* W#(hiesday morning that he did not know what amount of money would be required to buy the right-of-way because he had not received the deeds from the highway department and therefore had no way of knowing how much land
•ee JUDGE, Pf. RJk €el. I
Cisco Receives Haif-lnch Rain
Temperatures in Abil«je edged nearer the century mark Wednesday with the high being 98 and the low dropping to a "chilly" TO degrees.
No rain was recorded in the city but Cisco received .50 inch between 4 and 5 p.m. Wednesday. The rain in Cisco was accompanied by wind which blew down a shed in a vacant lumber yard, ’Thursday and Friday calls for scattered afternoon showers and a high temperature of near
Skies Cloudy But Rain Still Scoko
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Skies over Texas were clear to partly doiKiy Wednesday and ocly a few points reported rainfall.
A weak cod front that entered the sUte from the north touched off light rains before dissipating.
Marfa had .14 inch. Junction .08 and Beaumont .05. Light shower* were reported in the Panhandle at nightfall.
Maximum temperature* ranged from Marfa’s 87 to Presidio’s 102, and were most^ in the 90’s.
Horn« Made Rocket Proves o Dud
CORPUS CHRISTI, Sept. I (f^-“Zinc dust nine," a home made rock« laund»d her# by an expedition erf college students on Padre Island today, skimped into the sand
dunes some 1,500 yard* from the launching site instead of looming the anticipated 135 miles into the air over the Gull of Mexico. Peak of the missile’s arc was about 508 toet.
CHICKEN COUNT A LITTLE LATE
DAUAS. Srsit. I Scott didn’t count hi* cfai(^toiis until it was too late.
He had noticed egg prudue-tloo on bli Leghorn ranch south of Dallas had been drop-irfag. Then be mlased feed.
That's when he made the bedt count and found 800 to 1,000 white Leghorn* valued et >4.000 niisslng. And thit'f why he was in the sheriff’s office bright and early today.