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View Sample Pages : Abilene Reporter News, September 08, 1944

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1944, Abilene, Texas gttrilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ,VOL. IX.W, NO. 82 A TEXAS HEWSFAPU ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 8, 1944 -TWENTY PAGES Associated Press (API I'nltei Preu IV.P.I PHICE FIVE CENT3 Alii i Planes Pound Palau; Japan Fears Attack By the Associated Press Gen. Douglas MacArthur declared .today the Japanese sixth air division has been "practically annihilated" in lifc futile defense of western New Guinea. In his Friday communique the general said Yank Liberators smashed 15 Japanese planes in an- other strike against Celebes, west of Guinea, Both Adm. Chester W. Mmitz and General MacArthur an- nounced what might appear as preinvasion blastings at Palau, off the eastern Philippines. Carrier based fighters hit there force" while heavy bombers dropped 80 tons of explosives on the airbase causing great damage and fires. Announcement 'of these, aerial hjisterir.gs came as Japan's Em- Jlror Hirohito and his military satellites were warning their peo- pie to prepare to meet the grow- ing fury of Allied military might. The- uneasy Japanese military chieftains spoke frankly of the storm that is approaching their homeland and called for all-out ef- forts by the total populace in the face of an acknowledged unsatis- factory military situation. Nimltz told of aerial attacks to north, the south ind southeast of Japan proper. He said fighter planes of a carrier task group swept in on the Palau islands last Mon- day to blast grounded aircraft, gun installations and warehouses. ,-The Palaus stand as Japan's chief defensive position on the east side of the Philippines, only 600 'miles from Davao. The Japanese offered no aerial resistance. On Babcl- Ihuap Viand, northernmost of rttbe Palau group, they fired and destroyed an ammunition or fuel dump and left 17 small sur- face craft In flames. American naval search planes hit the Kuriles and strafed- landing barges and patrol craft in that re- ton. Striking within 750 miles of To- kyo, other American airmen blasted Two Jima, In the Volca.no islands. Army bombers attacked Marcus Island. Others used'rockets at Pa- In the Marianas. Far to the Rmtheast Nauru airfields and gun positions were bombed. Fighting Fierce Blue Ration Tokens 'Will Be Void Oct I WASHINGTON, Sept. 7 Use of blue ration tokens will be discontinued October 1 in line with Eharp reduction of the amount of processed food under rationing, the Office of Price administration announced tonight. Chester Bowles, OPA admin- istrator, said thai in the fu- gture processed fond point val- ues will be set so thai most items will have.values in mul- tiples of ten, "enabling house- wives io use their (en point blue stamps without point change being needed." Mobilization Director James F.. Byrnes announced yesterday that efective Sept. 17 practically nil can- ned and bottled vegetables and fruit spreads will be removed from ra- tioning. Only canned fruits nnd a iw otiier items will continue to require points. In n modification of present us- age of the 1-point blue tokens, OPA announced that between Sept. 17 and Oct. 1 retailers will not give blue tokens to customers as change, 'llso, during that period shoppers will be able to spend blue tokens only in units cf ten. Scarborough Sinks AMARILLO, Sept. 7 Tlie condition of Dr. R. L, Scarborough, former president of Southwestern Baptist Theological seminary. Fort Worth, was "gradually growing hospital attendants said here fmight. AS WE GO MARCHING strong, triumphant Yanks swing down the famed Champs Elysees after passing under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. Khaki-clad GIs ex- emplify the grimness and fighting spirit of Americans now fighting in Belgium and pushing Nazi armies back across the border of Germany. Reds Slam Balkan Trap I Germans In Peril; Soviets Outflank Warsaw LONDON, Friday, Sept. The-German radio said last night that Russian troops fanning out across Bulgaria in a drive toward the Aegean sea had reached the area of Dcmotika, which is inside Greece on the Turkish frontier, while other Soviet forces had out- Ilanked Warsaw on the north by hopping the Narew river at a point only 25 miles' below East Prussia. Moscow's communique did not even mention Bulgaria, which al- rca'dy lias astod for an armistice after Russia 'declared war on her Tuesday, nor did it mention the Yugoslav front where a Home dis- patch said the Russians 'were flood- ing into that country after cnptur- ing Turnu-Severin at the foot of the Iron Gate rapids on the Danube. Bui the Germans in the Bal- kans, estimated at men, were clearly in a dangerous and almost hopeless position. The 'Yugoslav radio already had announced a junction with Marshal Tito's Partisans and the Russians east of Belgrade, Yugoslav capital ami Allied headquarters in Rome said Allied land troops now were penetrating the country from, the Adriatic sen in a drive to link up ,-itii the Red army. DNB said "no resistance worth mentioning seems to have been put ip in and that the new government there "is said to have reached an agreement for leaving Bulgarian ground to the Soviets without, fighting'. Bulgaria is reported to have de- clared war on Germany, It is estimated here that Field Marshal Gen. Baron Maximil- ian von Wcichs, Nazi command- er in the Balkans, has 20 di- visions at his disposal in Vugo- slavia ami sirf divisions in Greece and the islands in (he Aegean. .Northeast of Warsaw the Hus- tons seized several more locali- ties, and German broadcasts said the Russians had established bridgeheads on the west bank ol the Narnw In the area of captured Ostrolena, CO miles north vest of the embattled Polish capital. At Aussie PW Camp- 231 NIPPONS SLAIN IN MUTINY LONDON, Sept. hundred and thirty-one" Japa- nese prisoners of war were killed and 108 wounded in ft mutiny In an Australian camp Aug. 5, John Curtin, Australian prime minister, dis- closed In n statement Issued in London today. The Japanese, armed with mess knives and baseball bats, rose against their guards In the early hours of Aug. 5. All hut a few who escaped were rounded up by nightfall. Of the tlcnd, 2P committed suicide by hanging or strangulation, nine by stabbing, five from other self-inflicted wounds and two threw them- selves under a train. Sixteen of the wounded, the statement said, also showed evidence of attempted suicide. lt About 900 Jnps look part In the mutiny. Eighteen of 20 sleeping huts fnd two administration buildings were destroyed by lire nnd Inside were found n dozen Japanese bodies. Australian casualties were light. BAIIiDF 2300 ROBOTS MAKE HITS LONDON, Sept. Britain, after 80 days of punishment from Hitler's blindly destructive robot bombs, was told officially today that the ordeal has ended and that the oil-threatened reprisal assault was not'likely to be serious. "Except possibly for the last few shots, the battle of London is declared Lt. Col. Edwin Duncan Sandys who was in charge of the defense against the flying bombs. With the formally-declared end of the assault, censorship regulations were lifted to disclose that a total of robot bombs were launched against London and southern England since June 12, but that only got through. More than persons were killed by these bombs which did land. (The London Dally .Wail gave these unofficial totals of robot- casualties: killed, seriously Injured, of which the civilian casualties .in London were killed and seriously injured.) Another reward of victory in the battle of London came with a gov- ern m e n t announcement that evacuation from greater London ami South England had been suspend- ed. However, the government cau- tioned against a rush of evacuees returning to the capital .until bomb damage repair can be made. Hund- reds of thousands of houses, many uninhabitable, still await repairs. Unless the return is staggered there ill also be a shortage ol schools. On August 2 Prime .'Minister Churchill said houses had been destroyed and dam- aged. Sandys said American-built Mus- tangs along with 'late model Brit- Isb Spitfires and Tempest fighter planes shot, down 1.900 robots. An anti-aircraft belt which included 800 heavy guns and light pieces claimed 1.500 robots. An inter arc of balloons which was the last linn of defense In Sandys' scheme intercepted 15 percent of the bombs which escaped fighters and ground gunners. U. S. Troops In China, Says Berlin LONDOU, Sept. Ber- lin radio broadcast a DNB Shang- hai report today that Amer- ican troops are now in free China and "at least three American til- visions have taken up positions along the HengyaiiK front." Tile broadcast'said the Americans loincd Chinese troops deployed on a 50-mllc arc east, soutli and west of Hengyang, where Japanese at- tacks "arc threatening American airfields as well as Chinese posi- ,ions." Finns in Moscow MOSCOW. Sept.. 7. W) Fln- ancl's M-mtm peace delegation ar- In Moscow today Irorr. Hel- sinki. Lt. R. C. Howard Dies in Action Lt. Raymond C. Howard, 21, troop carrier pilot who failed to return to his base from over France on U- Day, June 6, was killed in action, his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Otto Ho- ward, and wife, all of 1218 Beech, were notified lust night by the Wai- department. Lieutenant Howard, the flr.st Abi- lene man reported missing in the LT. RAYMOND C. HOWARD invasion of Normandy, was believ- ed to have brcn piloting ti plane which carried the first wave of para- troopers across the channel. He pil- oted a C-47 troop transport. He was commissioned in the sprint; of 1943 and went to England last November. He wns a graduate of Show Plays to Packed Gallery Pair weather was a boom to the West Texas Fair yesterday nnrt n packed grandstand last night saw the first of two performances of the Quarter horse show, a banner attraction of the annual fair. Concluding Quarter horse show will be Saturday night, when finals of ttvo rnping mat- ches also will be singed. To- night's grauilslamJ attraction is all-snldier show from the Army Service- Forces Training center of Camp Barkc- ley, and following "Funantics" will be a demonstration of chem- ical warfare weapons. The show starts at 8 o'clock. Dan Taylor and Bob McGuire hold leads in their rnping matches at the third-way turn utter last night's trials. Tnylor, pitted against Ted Powers of Ozona, roped and tied five calves in SIM seconds, while Powers was making it in 110.4 McGuire had a 5-calf time ol 124.2 compared with Strickland's 149.1 in their meeting. Each of the cuiartet win rope 10 calves Satur- day night. The Saturday roping will be splii, with five calves preceding the Quarter horse show and live following. Janice Itobcrstori lopped the ladies' lime event, a two-show- avcrage contest, with Clcraldine White coming in second and Mrs. W. II. McNutt of Junction third. Jack Strickland, who wheeled out and tied one down in 15.5, took down the nljht's j.ickpot roping prize money over 18 competitors. Ticci for second were Luther Weeks and Vcs ter Parri-sh, each with 10.1. Buyer of Morphine Gets Prison Term ANSON, Sept. E. Davis pleaded guilty today in 104ih tiis- .rict court to charges of obtaining morphine by use of a fal.se name and was .scntcr.cecl no two years in prison by Judge Owon Thomas. The Weather U. S. DEPAKTMENT OK COMMERCE Abilene high school and attended si mechanics school in Dallas aft-'" cr graduating. His wife is the for- mer Margaret Knopp of Phoenix. A Inn Mirvlvinc nrn nn liifinl Portions wllli somfi squall'. ;ilrinR the AI IB. AISO snnivinff urc nn K smurciay. daughter nnd a sister, Mis. John Edward Turner. 'EAST'TKXAS: Clmnly ued mild, showers nnd dpr der storms 'Chutists Land NEW YORK, Sept. Radio Atlantlk, clandestine Ocrmnn-lan- gunge station whose location IMS icvcr been officially disclosed, said ft broadcast, recorded by NBC -hat parachute troop .emergency alarms sounded today in many citios of MC Qcnnnn West wall region find lortcd, airborne landings were re- WEST TKXAS: snmcwlml hlfihcr tempo nnd Snttirrtftv, Thurs. Wed A.M. HOim B? fin......... fifi fi7 2..... 64 fi7 :t..... 13-07 S. 02 fin fi..... 61 fifi 61 no (14 fid Thurs. Wed P.M. 74 fi7 __ it.. ...in... ...II... 71 fi7 73 (M .......1U MlRh find low trinpfrnlnro Ir 7V end ftl. HlRJi and low KM last vcnr: ft7 nnd M. Sunset ln.it nlRlit: Stmrlcr mnrnlnjj; Sunset ton Is hi; 7.51, Tanks Sweep Nearer Gates To Germany ROME, Sept, 7 (AP) Powerful American armored forces from southern France swept up the Doubs .valley oast of the Chalon-sur-Saone today in a smash that carried within 70 miles of Belfort gap lone area along the en- tire lower German frontier where there are no mountains to protect Hitlers reich. It is through that passageway in the lowlands between the Vosgcs range anil the Swiss border, that the German 19th army is trying to escape after Its crushing defeat in the south. And it is there, too. that the weary enemy must attempt some sort of defensive stand. border dispatch to the Laus- anne, Switzerland, Gazette on Thursday declared that, American tanks had entered Montbeliard, only 10 miles southwest of the fort- ress city of Belfort and approxi- mately 40 miles from the German frontier. There was no Allied con- firmation.) An air forces announcement said American Thunderbolt fighters operating from new bases in southern France had smashed a Nazi motor convoy within 20 miles of thn German frontier, destroying at least 30 vehicles. The attack apparently occurred between Bclfort and the Rhine. (A German DNB news broadcast said that "an American force which is trying to push forward along the Swiss border in an effort to gain access to the Burgundy gate (Bel- fort gap) was again repulsed in the Besancon arid Baumc-lcs-Darries areas." Besancon Is 43 miles and Baume-les-Daines is 30 miles from Belfort, on the main highway from Chalon-sur-Saone. The presence of an American force in that area has not been acknowledged by Allied headquarters.) If, as seems probable, Lt. Gen, M. Patch's forces head directly for Bclfort, the German Iflth army virtually will be forced to make a fight there (o delay the inevitable Allied assault on the southern end nf the Siegfried line. Today's Allied communique told of only slight resistance from Nazi rearguards, and it appeared like Hint the bulk of German forces in the Rhone valley their pursuers. had distanced 'Reich Too Weak for Long Fight'-Stimson WASHINGTON, Sept. 7 Secretary of War Stimson believes that Germany has "insufficient strength for tlie task of prolong- ed defense" of the relcli. He expmwpd thjs somewhat cau- tious prediction of early victory R( a news conference today in which he said thnt: "The Rrrat bulk of the Ger- man army in western Europe has ficrn destroyed or crippled." A great part of the German forces in France are "bewildered and with- out much hopr." More than German pri- Aachen Goal of 1st; 3d Handed Setback SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Friday, Sept. U. S. First Armj; struck down the high road to Berlin today, fighting io with- in 39 miles of the German gateway city of Aachen and plow- ing half-way through the Ardennes forest against fierce resistance. Third Army comrades on (he south battled into last French fortress standing between them and the Saar border 20 miles two bridgeheads across the Moselle river but lost a third, their first setback since tie Normandy breakthrough. But the pressure was on all along the 130-mile front of these two American armies bearing down on the Siegfried line. The First Army crushed the last enemy resistance in the Germans split French forces in half in 1940 and won the battle of France. One column of the First Army planted its standard across the Meuse river just 16 miles short of the Belgian fortress of Liege, and 37 miles southwest of the German frontier, two miles beyond which lies the Siegfried line city of Aachen. There was no rest for the harried enemy on the FirsS Army front and no chance to dig in along the route over which he rolled confidently four years ago bent on sub- jugating all Europe. The Americans, lasfifng out with lanks and Infantry, press- ed through the dense western half of the Ardennes considered an Impenetrable military harrier until the Ger- mans forced a plataau in the center. The bridgehead on the Meuse menacing Llcgc was established at the town of Huy. midway between the city and Namur, 32 miles southwest of Liege, Associated Press Correspondent Don Whitehead re- ported from the fronfe. More, than lop miles to the south- the third "army plunged Into the great .Lorraine province city of Mete despite Heavy artillery fire, and threw two firm bridgeheads across the Moselle river to the soutli. One n'fls In the Toul area west of Nancy; the other was not specifically located in front dis- patches. But near pont-a-Mousson, about midway between Mctz and Nancy, American forces ivho crossed the Moselle under the muzzles of German artillery in the hiils were forced back to the west hank In Sanguinary fighting, anil tile Germans in- flicted considerable losses as the battle rose In fury. Assault forces, however, were brought up to the river north of Metz. sonic 20 miles from the gaar border, to fiicc enemy troops bent on defending to the last (lie thin buffer zone before Germany. While the third was earning a slight advantage in the opening Road to Berlin By the Associated Press front: 312 miles (from outside Pullusk) front: 362 miles (from JJred.1, Netherlands) France; 510 miles (from ArliotsJ front: 585 miles (from lUcrione Marflia) round of thn battle for Germany, i'ac U. S. first army to the northwest. across the Mouse river at three points along Europe's his- toric invasion routes in a storm of enemy F.mull arms and mortnr fire. The British also nm into rough going in northern Belgium, and soncrs have been taken in France.! their push into the nethcrlnnds was To this summary of good news, I cloaked in secrecy. Nazis Hang On Grimly in Italy BOMB, Sept. troops closed In tonight on the big communications center of Plstoia nnd other outposts of the Germans' Gothic line defenses northwest of fighting a dogged foe on Italian soil a year after Italy quit the war. Italy surrendered Sept. 8, 1943, and (he following morn- Ing; American and British troops of the Flflh army land-, ed at Salerno -end began a. toe- lo-lof slugging match with tho Nazis up the rugged peninsula, Today U. 'Gen. Mark W. Clark's veteran Yanks prepared to punch into the best of many dcfensivn lines a resourceful enemy had con- structed and lost in this campaign since Italy's capitulation. In tin fortified strongholds of the crn Apennlnc mountains guarding the paths to the Po valley, the Ger- mans still fight with savage fury. Even on (he Adriatic end of the Gothic line, where veterans nf the British Eighth army had. punched through some of the enemy's strongest positions along a 20-mile, front, the Ger- mans hung on grimly. Gains re- ported there today were meas- ured in yards. In what a communique described! as "very heavy fighting." British forces captured Ricdone Mnrina, a coastal town five miles southeast of the prize port of Rimini. All along a 14-mile front Inland from, the sea Allied tanks and Infantry inched forward in a bitter struggle against the strongly-entrenched Nazis. however, Slimson attached a cau-[ tionary comment. "German army discipline is hold- ing up nml we must .still test out the product of the laht desperate mobilization efforts of the Nazi government." IJritlsh, Canadians and Poles to the south cut off the chan- nel ports of Boulogne and Cal- ais, fought Into the, outskirts of both and could sec the cliffs of England gleaming across the Sec GERMANY, I'g. 2, Col. 5 AMSTERDAM NETHERLANDS Rhine GERMANY NOllTHWKST above is the historic warpath hehvecn Trance and Germany, the Belgian route, along wbirh Ihr U. S. Isl Army wns advancing Thursday. The U. S. Third was pushing cast between Melz mid Nnncy in heavy fighting. Afwell Blocks Plant Seizure DALLAS. Sept. Jmice William H. Atwell today is- suer! a temjwary restraining order to restrain tlie Petroleum Adminis- tration for War from taking over Hie refinery and butadiene plant of the Humble Oil Refining com- pany at Iiifileslde. Tex. Tlie Humble company, in Its pe- (Kion before the court, alleged the defendants are "threatening to use Itlicir on-n great physical force and that of a portion of the United States nrnnp to enforce their illegal and wrongful seizure." The company contended there was no labor trouble at their Inplesidc plant, nr-ar .Corpus Tex., but (bat the al- threatened seizure was based on the dcsirr. of ihe War Uibor board tn incorporate a nf membership clause in labor contracts. The court's order was directed asainst Harold Ickcs. petroleum ad- ministrator for war, Deputy Admin- istrator Ralph K. Davies, and George K. Dewey, representative of the petroleum administrator for war. The order, returnable Sept. 14, was signed shortly after the Hum- ble company's petition was filed, Airmen Destroy Enemy Vehicles LONDON, Sept. 7 based fighters and fichtcr bombers of the U. S. Ninth air force went aloft today in miserable weather -hat grounded most Allied air might, and heavily attacked retreating Gcr- nans trying to Jam their way to- ward Aachen nnd the homeland hrough the corridor northeast of Mons. Plying 700 sorties, the pilots de- stroyed 483 trucks, 2! 7 vehicles, many armored cars and lundrcds of German soldiers. 1 ;