Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 6, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 6. 1944 -TWELVE PAGES
Associated Press f^P)
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PRICE FIVE CENTS
BIG BATTLE NEAR SAYS IKE
Russians Narew Fortress
LONDON, Sept. 6.-
With 2d Force
HOME, Sept. 6 —(VPV— French forces chasing the Germans from southern France were believed to-
H ROPES B ATTLEFRONTS SURROUND GERMANY—Heavy lines indicate approximate fo^at?on of battlefront, ii, Europe today. On the west SH AEF confirmed that Amer.c.npa-trois hid entered Germany, pointed toward Saarbrueken and Swiss reports'said that city fed been taken. Northward Antwerp and Brussels were being m0PPed uP^ ®^*'sl’ W'u* in the outskirts of Gent, Belgium, Charleroi and Namur had been freed, Bol‘louSne on. JV French Channel coast had been by-passed and Canadian patrols had reached the coast o h ii Grip* of Cal lis On the eastern front the Russians routed the Germans from southern Romanfa and advTnced to whhVn^O miles of the Yugoslav border bringing a junction iMith Marshal Tito’s troops near. North of Warsaw one Red force broke through to join an oilier force on the Bug rive.*, flanking Warsaw and threatening to split German forces between East Prussia and the Polish capital. -
(AP) —The Narew strongpoint of Ostroleka, 60 miles northeast of Warsaw, was captured today I night to be *roroachln« WooW in the violent new Russian offensive between the capital ami East Prussia, Marshal Stalin announced in an order of the
dayOstroleka lies on the east bank of the historic river, whichMoKOw nad Berlin disDatches said had been crossed, and 26 miles south of the southern boundary of East Prussia, against which Berlin announced the
powerful offensive was directed.
Railroads radiate from the town to East Prussia. Bialystok, Warsaw
^"Marshal Stalin addressed his salutation to Col Gen. G. F. Zakharov, terming Ostroleka a “river fortress town. It was taken by storm.
Stalin ordered red, white, green and blue flares thrown up by 124
victory guns, firing 12 salvoes.
Bv The Associated Press MOSCOW, Sept. 6— Russian troops pushed across the Narew river north of Warsaw today and struck toward East Prussia on a broad front against the heaviest kind of German opposition, front dispatches sa d.
90,869 > ancient capital of Burgundy, after occupying Chalon-Sur-Saone apparently without opposition
Occupation of Dijon would put ( Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's Seventh army within 60 airline miles of American Third army units last reported at Bar-Bur-Seine, southeast of Troyes.
Jesse Jones favors Coke s Voting Plan
^WASHINGTON, Sept. S.—(/Pl — Jesse H. Jones, described today as a "good suggestion'’ a proposal by Governor Coke R. Stevenson of Texas to have two democratic slates electors on the November ballot
ARMY TAKES OVER TWO WAR PLANTS AT HOUSTON
At the southern end of the long eastern front, troops which captured Craiova in southwest Romania drove along the
onnrrtarhps of Yugoslavia for a junction with Marshal Titos partisan armjMo cut off siuhe “ncmy in Bulgar*, southern Yugoslavia, Greece
and the ( c0[umns in Romania were less than 50 miles from
Yugoslavia! iSTthau 55 from the iron gate where the Banaba cuts
Aktniirh the Transvlvanlan Alps, less than 140 from seething Belgra through the Transylvanian A.p*. ^ nQ SoviPl announcement
thft Troops'1!!'" invaded Bulgaria, upon which Russia declared
Wa^armsn ofhtStormovik planes paced the renewed Russian offensive Swarms of btormo p Berlin—the closest reported approach
5 any” med "Z o" oneTJe sector, .he Germans concentrated four divisions. n.„,anio said the Germans were offering
consTder’able'resistance to Transylvania mountain passes north and northwest of captured PlowG.^ „ „ m„„ th,n :0 miles In a aingle
?„7 f rm°rdtu\°nu!dTont1.nhrCMa,r;n:i ^lo"p»'i.,.n»n.^h
SI ff S.STASS
^X’north of sX and lS, mile, from .he Hungarian border.
BULGARIA ASKS FOR ARMISTICE
Armv today took over two plants one of the nation’* largest manu-
HOUSTON, Sept. 6—i/Pi—-The _
operated by the Hughes Tool company, one °r tne
facturers of oil field equipment. Ender presiden ial orders the military moved in because of a "threatened interruption of work arising from a labor dispute involving 5,000 workers.
Notices announcing army seizure of the main factory and the alf
as a way out of an intra-party squable in the Lone Star state.
The secretary of commerce talked to newsmen on leaving the White House, where he accompanied Governor Stevenson to a conference with President Roosevelt.
Senator Harry S. Truman of Missouri, democratic vice presidential candidate, also was in in the group. Truman said he and Jones merely presented the governor and then left him to talk with the president alone. Stevenson recently suggested fcthe two Democratic slates of electors in advance of the September 12 State Democratic convention in Texas which will try to iron out the party controversy arising from the May
• 23 convention there.
The May convention was controlled by anti-Roosevelt men and voted to* free the party’s electors in event their program was not adopted at the national convention in Chicago. They failed to get Oheir program approved there.
A pro-Roosevelt rump convention was held and delegates to it have been very active in preparing for the September 12 meeting. They will attempt A to have the electors chosen by the anti-Roosevelt group pledge themselves to vote for the Democratic ticket in the electoral college, but court action is believed in prospect no matter what happens, ft When asked about the Stevenson today, Jones said: "It seems to be a good suggestion.
Asked whether he believed two Democratic slates might split the party's vote and help Governor thomas E. Dewey to carry the state Tor the Republicans, Jones answered: "I don’t think so.’’
Although the governor acknowledged outright only that he had been invited here by Mr. Roosevelt
craft strut plant were posted at 9:30 a. rn.
No troops were moved in. A group of about 30 army officers, headed by Col. Frank W. Cawthon, assistant district supervisor of the Midwest Procurement division, Air Technical Service command, Wichita, Kans., took charge.
Some of the Army officers eame with Col. Cawthon from Wichita, others from Washington and still others were drawn from air force officers assigned to the Houston area, according to Lt. Max Harrelson, sent here from Washington to serve as Public Relations officer for the group.
The Hughes plants will continue to operate under Hughes management and with the same personnel, with technical officers under Colonel Cawthon serving in a supervisory capacity.
Hughes markets oil field equip merit internationally. Its output includes oil field drilling equipment, valves and plungers, lifts, aircraft propeller hubs, steel castings and soaking drum cleaners and various kinds of tools.
The Army took possession because cf an unsettled labor dispute which the War Labor board described as ‘a potential source of interference with the war effort.”
Terming this statement “far fetched,” T. M. Mobley, Hughes industrial relations director, said "production records are now extremely high. August was our highest month and July was the next highest. In view of our production record I do not know what they mean by a ’potential threat’ to war production.” Frank Hardesty, district director for the CIO union, expressed pleasure at the President's action, stating: “The reason production is high now is that the district office of the union has kept behind the men.”
Slow Rains Fall In Abilene Area
u. S. DEPARTMEENT OE COMMERCE WEATHER Bl REAU
ABILENE AND VICINITY—Considerable cloudiness this afternoon with scat-and that they planned to discuss j tered thundershowers and thunder-
Iftost-war reconversion, his visit was given political significance in view of a split among Texas Democrats over the fourth term issue.
Rep. Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Tex» intimate of the White House, and Assistant U. S. General Tom Clark ftere on hand to greet the governor when his plane arrived at Nation airport at 5:35 a. rn.
It was Stevenson’s first experience at flying.
“It’s all right,” drawled the ranch-•governor. “I always said I would
storms. Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday.
Maximum temperature last 24 hours,
Minimum temperature last 12 hours
EAST TEXAS — Considerable cloudiness this afternoon with scattered showers and local thunderstorms in south and central portions. Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday, scattered showers near the coast Thursday.
WEST TEXAS—Partly cloudy in Panhandle and South Plains, elsewhere considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and local thunderstorms this afternoon, tonight, and Thursdav
TEMPERATURES Wed Tues. Tues Mon
y if I was in a hurry to get somewhere.”
Road to Berlin
• By The Associated Press
I—Russian front: 322 miles (from eastern suburbs of Warsaw.)
2—Western front: 363 miles (from Breda, Netherlands)
3—southern France: 560 miles
68—75 I 79—88
87—74 2 80—89
67—71 3 82—91
67—72 4 77—89
67—71 5 74—90
66—70 B 75—89
66—71 7 74—88
66—71 8 7a—84
66—73 9 71—80
66—74 IO 70—77
67—77 ll 70—77
68—79 12 89—75
Sunset tonight: 7:57.
Rain over central West Texas was still falling at mid-morning with Abilene receiving .23 of an inch at 10:30 a m.
Forecast for today is considerable cloudiness this afternoon with scattered thundershowers and thunderstorms: partly cloudy tonight and Thursday.
The slow rain began here last night at 11:30 o’clock.
Ballinger and Runnels county re ceived 2.20 inches in a 25-minute downpour Tuesday afternoon. San Angelo had received only a trace of rain this morning.
Coleman reported 1.86 inches fell last night. Rain is still falling there. It is not expected to delay cotton picking in Coleman county since much picking does not begin until next week. In other parts of Coleman county, Doole received three inches; Goldbusk, 2.60; Fiske, a big rain; and Novice, a heavy rain.
Brownwood has received two
A steady shower began falling at 12:30 a m. at Baird. Approximately half an inch had been received at 10:30 a rn.
Rotan reported a good, steady drizzle falling at mid-morning. A little over half an inch was the precipitation so far, making the total for the year, 14 4 inches.
Light showers fell at Stamford Tuesday night and were continuing there today.
A slow all-night rain totaled .54 inches in Colorado City. Scattered showers all day Tuesday brought the week’s total to .81 early today.
The rain was general and heavy over all of West Texas, the South Plains and the Texas Panhandle, reports received here this morning indicated.
At noon it had been raining 14 hours steady in Sweetwater, and reports from there Indicated the fall was general over that entire area. Midland reported the best rain in more than a year, and around Stanton it had rained an Inch and half before the steady downpour that visited this area started.
From Lubbock came reports of a steady 12-hour rain that was general over the entire South Plains Stanton had received five inches.
All the country west of Midland and Lubbock to the New Mexico line was in line of the fine soaker and the Big Bend country has been receiving rain for several days, Marfa getting nearly three inches.
Other reports here told of a general rain from Ballinger south to Rockspring and Sonora last night, with some places getting as much as three inches.
LONDON. Sept. 6—Bulgaria ap- ( pealed to Russia today for an armistice, a few hours after the Kremlin declared war. Carlo advices said a joint peace with the United S’att s, Britain and the Soviet Union was expected as a result.
The German radio at Oslo said the Russians had marched into the Balkan kingdom. There was no confirmation from Moscow or Sofia.
The Bulgars asserted their government had ordered strong measures against German forces, accused of attacking Bulgar army units— claims countered by the Russians, who said the rulers of the country were tools of the Nazis and tied to the German war chariot.
Whether terms drafted by the Americans and British for the abortive peace talks in Cairo would be revised or presented in the same form in the name of all three Allied governments, including Russia, has not yet been derided. The Russians have been consulted on the U. S. and British terms and it was learned in Cairo that little if any change would be necessary.
The armistice appeal, the official Bulgarian radio announced, was delivered to the Soviet legation in Sofia shortly after midnight.
There was no immediate reaction from Moscow and no indication whether Red army troops had already crossed the northern border of Bulgaria, along which they had been poised for several days after a swift advance through Romania.
It appeared, however, from the trend of events that should Bulgaria succeed in making
peace with Russia she might find herself at war with Germany.
The Sofia radio said the Bulgarian council of ministers was still in session early today after directing the armistice appeal, hut whether this meant that further steps against Germany were being contemplated was a matter of conjecture.
The council meeting was summoned at 3 p. rn. yesterday, Sofia said, to "take decisive and firm measures” against German troops who attacked Bulgarian army units engaged in disarming Nazi soldiers fleeing across the border from Romania. The disarming order had been given in conformity with Bulgaria’s previous declaration of "neutrality.”
Important Ridge Taken in Italy
ROME. Sept. 6 — (ZP)—Powerful Eighth Army forces have captured an important ridge running from the key town of Coriano to the Adriatic sea in furious battling below Rimini, eastern anchor of the Nazis’ Gothic line, but Coriano is still in German hands, Allied headquarters said today.
Allied patrols have penetrated the town, but troops have not been able to enter it in force. The Germans were said to be putting up a fanatical defense on high ground to the left of Coriano.
% Bv GFORGA BRIA
ROME, Sept. 6—(A*)—Sweeping up the Saone valley of France in pursuit of the Germans, French troops today occupied Chalon-Sur-feaone (Pop. 31,610), strategic communications center from which highways fan out toward southwestern Germany and central France.
The advance put Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch s Seventh army within little more than 90 airline miles from American Third army units last reported at Bar?Sur-Seine, southeast of T royes.
The French swept through a number of towns in capturing Chalon, which is about lib airline miles southwest of Belfort and the Nazi escape pass into southwest Germany. These included Cluny, famed for its lace, Sennecey-Le-Grand, and Le
The German radio asserted Patch's army has resumed its offensive against the last mountain passes on the French* Italian border "to the upper Italian plains." Three of Italy's greatest industrial cities lie from 42 to 95 miles cl the French frontier—Milan, Turin and Genoa.
(The German report asserted, moreover, that Field Marshall Gen. Jahannes Blaskowitz HD extricated the bulk of his 19th Army from South France, leaving behind some forces in the Riviera to oppose the push into Italy. Official Allied estimates placed captives alone from Blaskcwitz’s command at 65,000). American units of the Seventh Army have captured Lou-hans and Lons-Le-Saunier in the area between the S.ione valley and the Swiss border, headquarters said. Louhans is ii miles southeast of ( halon-Sur-Saone.
Tile German garrison in the small principality of Monaco on the Ligurian sea near the Italian border fled after an American cruiser and destroyers shelled Nazi batteries in the Monte Carlo area, a naval announcement revealed. The Germans destroyed their defenses and took to the hills.
French drive up the Soane valley was largely unopposed, and there was no indication of the position of the main German force which yesterday was reported racing toward Chalon-Sur-Saone and Dijon.
The Navy said various batteries in the vicinity of Monaco are still active, and that one of them opened ineffectual fire Sept. 4 on ships operating off the coast.
By JAMES M. LONG LONDON, Sept. 6.—(AP)—Strong forces of the U. S. Third Army established themselves firmly across the Moselle river today in preparation for an assault on Hitler s west wall after their armored patrols, reconnoitering the path of the advance, had crossed the German border and then returned to the main elements.
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower declared the battle of Germany was about to begin.
"Battles soon will be fought on German soil," he said in broadcast instructions to foreign workers in Germany on ways to aid Allied troops
in combat areas. ,
A senior staff officer at Supreme headquarters declared Germany s last defense hope in the west, the Siegfried line or west wall, was no stronger than the Atlantic wall, lf as strong, and “of course we are going to break it.”
The only question, he said, was where—and that part he left for the Germans to worry about. He made It clear that the greatest problem for the German defense was its insufficient manpower, that there were.far fewer troops In the line than Intended to man It against a major assault—which may come anywhere along Its length from the Swiss frontier to its northern flank.
Supreme headquarters officially described the penetrations of the Reich frontier as actions perhaps 25 to 30 miles ahead of the main front. The Third army permitted disclosure only today that these had occurred Sunday—the first officially reported Army entry into Germany by land since the fall of France.
What has happened since Sunday on the Third army front still was under the' secrecy of security but it was announced officially that the Third army's breaching of the Moselle, last river barrier short of the Rhone itself, had occurred midway between Metz and Nancy, some 40-odd miles short of the naarest point of the German frontier.
Headquarters said the Third army was across the Moselle in strength. Presumably there was a second bridgehead near Nancy.
What little Information did come back to Supreme headquarters through the screen of silence suggested that stiffened German opposition was being met In the preliminaries to the battle for the
border. . . _ . _ ____
The total American bag of prisoners since D-day now is more than 205.000, It was announced. The Third army has estimated “ raptured 16.000.. wounded 62.250 and killed 19.500 Germans. The I. S. First army reported Aug. 30 that it had captured 115,000 Nazify Since then It bu mopped up at least 14.000 in the pocket south of
M”r*also was estimated officially that 50,000 Germans now are caught
in the Pas De Calais coastal strip which Wa* thinning hourly.
Five thousand cf theee are in Boulogne and 5.000 in Le Havfe. where the garrison was given a second surrender ultimatum toda\.
JAPS SAY SIX ADMIRALS KILLED AT TOKYO BASE
Lt. and Mrs. R. V. Gobles, 623
Amarillo, are parents of a daugh-
* 4—Italian front: 585 miles (from ; ter born at 8 16 a. rn. today at Hend Touih ol RimtaU. | rick Memorial hospital.
Four Years Ago
SEPT. 6, 1940—King Carol of Romania abdicates in favor of son, Prince Hihai and flees to Switzerland. German planes make seven raids on London lasting 12 hours; RAF bombs Berlin.
By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor
Six Japanese admirals were killed by “enemy action” at Yokosuka naval base guarding the entrance to Tokyo’s harbor, a Nipponese broadcast reported today.
The “enemy action’’ may have beeen the shellfire of an American submarine. Tokyo radio has previously reported submarines operating in waters near the Japanese shore. There have been no announced ack* so close to Tokyo since Lt. Gen. James Doolittle’s raiders struck in 1942.
The announcement of the loss of a vice admiral and five rear admirals was broadcast as the Japanese diet opened an extraordinary session to hear “the true war situation” from Premier Gen, Kuniaki Koisa.
His report tomorrow should include the increasing threat to the Philippines brought by Gen. Doug-1 a s MacArthur’* bombers w h o knocked out 37 more Japanese ships I and barges rn the sea approaches
Today the main forces of Lf. Gen. George S. Pattons command poured over a firm Moselle river bridgehead near Nancy in a drive toward the French border city of Strasbourg. 70 miles to the east,
The patrols, a front dispatch said. crossed the boundary 8 anda,, ranged about in German territory and then withdrew to the main African position on the Moselle—their reconnaissance mission apparently
aCC,'suprem^ headquarter, confirm,* lh,! th. BrttUh 8cc„n;l army ... driving somewhere In the Netherlands, but did not *nd,ca* in what depth. It offered no confirmation of a Paris radio repo that the British were advancing within sight of Rotterdam, the treat Dutch port 50 miles north of Antwerp.
It also was announced that the U. S. First army has liberated the fortified Brin tan city of Namur at the confluence * theMeas^ and Sambre rivers. Namur is 32 miles from Liege and 55 miles from AaU en
111 °T™‘.nnnounceme„t concern*, the British advance MudSupum. headauarters’ 24-hour news blackout of this operation to the north SU nrcmc headquarters continued into the Fourth day the secret o reported American penetration of Luxembourg and the eastward sweep
10 UTheR exact position of the Americans thus hung somewhere in the balance between unconfirmed French frontier reports that L. S.
I mons had captured Aachen and Saarbrueken in Germany and reached Strasbourg and the disclosures by Supreme headquartersonlvo advances toward those points. There wa. no denial that these cities had been reached and neither was their am
Urination. . . Associated Press Correspondent Wes Gal-
The front dispatch from Associate rwwmanv did not
s&sjs eses mac,
COnrSi«^ M^Thvcc bridgehead .aa catched In
the lace TSS German resistance““Zero'd SSt
SS £1KKWrS western borders of the Retch.
to the Philippines Sunday and Monday. Among them were 13 small craft and barges laden with troops Typical of land actions outside China was Mac Arthur's report to day of the elimination of nearly I, OOO more Japanese by Americans and Australians mopping up New Guinea. They included the unusually large number of 242 prisoners.
No Japanese resistance was encountered in southwestern Burma. Indian troops pushed ten miles closer to Tiddim and British patrols spread out for more than 30 miles along the banks of the steaming Cindwin. Allied planes hammered the Japanese line of retreat. Rail points throughout southeast Asia. were bombed.
Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell reported a heavy American air bombardment df Kyang in southeast China, indicating that gateway to the U. &. air base at Ungling had fahen On the central coast, within bombing range of Japan, Nipponese drove halfway from captured Lishui to the seaport of Wenchor.
Albany Rites for Former Resident
ALBANY, Sept. 6— <SpD— Funeral for Reid Harry Locker, former resident of Albany, was held Monday at 5 p. rn, at the Matthews Memorial Presbyterian church with the pastor, the Rev. J. A. Owen, officiating, assisted by the Rev. J. B. Thompson, pastor of the Methodist church.
Burial was in the Albany cemetery under the direction of the Masonic lodge of which he was a member. Mr. Locker was born May 14, 1905, at Locker in San Saba county. He was a graduate of Brownwood high school and attended Daniel Baker college in Brownwood. He came to Albany in 1926 and was employed as manager of the gas return system of Roeser Pendleton Oil corporation until October, 1943, when he moved to Quanah. Because of failing health he and Mrs. L/xker moved to Woodson in May, 1944, and lived with Mrs. Locker s parents, Dr. and Mrs. C- A. Iurner.
WEST TEXAS FAIR SHOW POSTPONED TO FRIDAY
Soldier ihow originally *ched-uled for tonight at the West
Abilene to Observe Fair Day Thursday
Downtown department stores and business houses, county court house, beth banks and the postoffice will close at I p. rn. Thursday in observance of Abilene Day at the West Texas Fair.
City hall officials were uncertain this morning as to whether the city hall will dose.
Postmaster O. A. Hale said morning city and rural deliveries will be made Thursday and the windows will be open until noon. No deliveries will go out after lunch.
Texas Fair has been postponed because of rain until Friday night, Grover Nelson, Fair official, announced this morning.
Friday night it will replace one of the horse shows scheduled.
The Supper Club will be open tonight as usual and the midway will be in full swing if weather permits. Unless rain continues! the races set for Thursday will be staged, Nelson
Funantics, a variety staged os men of the Army Service Forces Training center under the direction of Capt. Moe Mitnlch, will be precented at 8 o'clock Friday before the grand-stand, which is free lo all holders of general admission t ic 1*5
Funantics had origin at Camp Barkeley, where it first played foi men of the ASFTC. Since that time it has toured the entire Eighth Service command, is slated for a nation-wide tour of continental camps and bases and then is ticketed to go overseas. It will be the first soldier show to go overseas intact.
After today’s semi-lull in activities—there is no livestock judging or other special feature thus atte: -noon at the fairgrounds—the program for the remainder of the week takes on considerable speed and
Quarter horse races will be held in
front of the grand stand Thursday, Friday and Saturday afternoons at 2:30 o’clock with Quarter horse shows each night at 8 o clock. Judging or swine is set for Friday morning and of jerseys Saturday
Saturday night will mark the closing of the fair, which thus far has had total paid attendance close
The colorful mounted square dance was demonstrated last night by members of the sheriff s posse as the climax of their entertaining show. The spectators, many of them seeing their first horseback square dance, watched six couples go through the intricate maneuvers of the typically western dance.
Taking part were Geraldine White, Janice Robertson, Norma Bland. Barbara Posey, Doris Reid. Betty Smith, Dr. J. Flank c D Worth, Bob Presley. Melvin Wright, Capt. E. L. Posey and Rex Smith.
Captain Posey and Barbara Posey were winners in the goat roping and milking event. Captain Posey doing the roping and Barbara serving as milk maid Jack Pursley and _ .. ----- second, Dee
Dottle Botkin were Bland and Norma Bland third.
Rex Smith won the rutting horse contest, edging out Dr. M. T. Ramsey and Dee Bland, who finished in that order, and daughter Betty Smith added to the family laurels by winning the girl* hoop race.