Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 4, 1954, Abilene, Texas
HOT®:he Abilene 3ívei)orter-JBteto5í :"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—BvronVOLTlXXIV, no. 80 Auociatfd Pnu (AP) ABILENE TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 4, 1954 —FOURTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
RAIN WONT SPOIL HOLIDAY
HANOI, Indochina, Sept. 3 t/PL-The French High Command announced tonight that Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, commander of the fallen Dien Bien Phu fortress has been released by the Vietminh in the Indochina prisoner exchange,
A command spokesman said De Castries, highest ranking French officer captured by the Communist-led rebels during the nearly eight-year war, was turned over to French representatives at Vietri.
He was scheduled to arrive here shortly.
The official announcement came just 10 minutes after Vietminh Gen. Tran Van Dung told a reporter r>e Castries would he released at | Vietri Saturday “barring unforeseen developments.”
The Vietminh general made the statement at a cocktail party given by Indian members of the Indochina Armistice Commission.
The high command spokesman said De Ca.stries had been turned over at Vietri between 8 and 8:30 p m, after the regular prisoner exchange had been completed.
The spokesman said that as of 9,25 p m. the general was still at Vielri but would arrive in Hanoi l>etween 11 o’clock and midnight.
French officials here had no further details and no information was immediately available on De Castries’ health.
De Castrieis’ wife, Jacqueline, was waiting for him in Paris, vnere she returned after his capture. She had asked permission to .-eium to Saigon to greet him but the government sidetracked the request because it would have been unable to comply with similar requests from wives of other captured officers.
Captured .May 7
De Castries was captured by the Communist - led Vietminh rebels May 7 when Dien Bien Phu fell to mass attacks. He was the highest | ranking French officer captured i during the nearly eight years of war.
The last message from De Castries at Dien Bien Phu said;
••We will fight to the end. Au Rcvoir, mon general. Vivc la
De Castries was reported buoyant until the end of the defense i>f Dien Bien Phu. striding through the fortress with a riding crop in rus hand and wearing a red African cavalryman’s cap instead of a steel helmet
Taken by Nails
It was De Castries’ second experience as a war prisoner. The Nazis captured him early in World War II after he had been badly wounded in attempting to lead 60 men from a German encirclement. He escaped shortly afterward, however. *
After the fall of Dien Bien Phu. the Communist radio boasted that Castries has been taken.
Abilenian.s won’t have to worry about cool or rainy weather for the long Labor Day weekend.
Weather Bureau forecast for Saturday and Sunday calls for fair and continued hot with mercury expected to range between 96 and 100 degrees.
Friday’s high temperature hit the century mark again for the second straight day.
No rain has been reported or is forecast for Abilene or surrounding area.
Kent Courthouse Site
Fuss Heads Into Court
Reds Asked PW to Head Secret Unit
GEN. DE CASTRIES . . . free man again
reer cavalry officer whose noble kinfolk include 10 dukes, had served five years in Indochina as a front-line colonel when Gen. Henri Navarre jumped him over several generals last fall to defend Dien Bien Phu. then the most im-pcM-tant field command in the war.
The French Command in Indochina had figured Dien Bien Phu as a trap to lure the Vietminh into open fighting, but it proved to be the downfall of the French in north Indochina and lost them half of the big coastal stale of Viet Nam,
Fourteen thousand French Union troops were surrounded in a circle less than a mile in diameter. With the sky De Castries’ only lifeline to the outside world, the fortress finally fell after a three-month siege.
U.S., Philippines Begin Conterences
SAN ANTONIO, Sept. 3 ffV-Cpl. Claude Batchelor was quoted today as saying the Chinese Reds intended him to head a “super • secret organization” in the United States to work with the Communist party in this country.
The organization would be called the “Ex-Prisoners of W^ar Welfare Association” and its ostensible purpose would be to help ex-POW's “who might be subjected to prosecution by the United Stales government” after their return.
But, according to a statement Batchelor allegedly gave a U.S. Army intelligence officer in Tokyo w’^’ch was read today at Batche- ^ lor’s general court • martial, the organization “would al.so serve as a contact for Communist activities in the U.S”
Entered Into Record Two statements which the prosecution claims Batchelor gave to the agent were read into the record today. Another. 145 pages long, is to he read when the court-martial resumes Tuesday. It recessed today for the Labor Day weekend.
Batchelor is being tried at Fort Sam Houston on charges of collaborating with the enemy and informing on fellow prisoners while a POW in North Korea Cpl Edward Dickenson, Big Stone Gap,
AEC, TVA Agreeing About Power
Writ to Force Meeting Sought
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3 i^The Tennessee Valley Authority and the Atomic Energy Commission announced today they are getting together on the plan to supply private power to Uie Memphis, Tenn., area.
JAYTON, Sept. 3 — Kent County’s stalemated county records and courthouse squabble came to a head Friday night as County Judge John Montgomery announced he will have the county attorney file a petition for a writ of mandamus against three Kent County commissioners.
Judge Montgomery said he would have County Attorney Dawson Bryant file the petition in 39th District Court
within^a would be filed as the State vs. Com-
^ missioners Mark Cave of Clairemont, Jim Wyatt of Girard
Two days ago TVA was reported i and A. C. Cargile of Polar. manHamnR ffnrcel
, to be resisting the administration’s j The petition will ask a court order to mandamus (lorcej^
; proposal to give the Dixon-Yates i three commissioners to combine a contract to furnish elec-1 j^ggt in Javton and designate I tricity in the Tennessee Valley ter- j courthouse in Javton. i ritory, long a stronghold of public | stage
. «r PftmDrornise and I feel this !s Harry A. Curtis, TVA vice chair- j ^ Montgomery
. had protested that the AEC.iheon^ g
i;rd'\«"disïï<»“e3"d;raUs -ofThe;said. -We have tried seven
controversial contract to the TVA. The latter agency was said to be reluctant to enter into negotiations without complete data.
eight times to get the cominis-sioners to meet in Jayton. they have refused each time. We are not able to transact any ^nty
Peacelime Spy Measure
A joint j pay county bills. I think denVER, Sept. 3 lyfi—President
Herbert D. Vogel of TVA and Gen. i ^ . solution.” I X .^i^ned leeisla-
business in any way. We |
Signed by Ike
MANILA, Saturday. Sept. 4 tfk-Foi'eign affairs chiefs of the Unit- Va.. already sentewed to 10 years ed States and the Philippine Is- j hard labor on similar charges, is
LEGION WINNERS — Seaborn P. Collins Jr., Las Cruces, N.M., and Mrs. Percy Lainson, Fort Madison, Iowa, stand
this is the only solution
V n Af AFr lairt a ' Eisenhower today signed legisla-
rinv of the Dixon Yates contract ■ Records Removed tion authorizing the death penalty
:rmadfai^nrhJt the TVA; The Kent County dispute crime
together to be cheered by the convention after they were staff on Wednesday, the day the ed about a month senterwe*^^ years,
elected to head the American Legion and the legion aux- reports of TVA’s resistance were county records were j ^ hnuAr wrote in
iliary in Washington. Collins was reared in Cross Plains. I Her Hi.hwav Patrol and Sheriffs) The bill Eisenhower wrote in
His father, the late Rev. Seaborn P. Collins, Sr., w^s pastor of the Cross Plains Presbyterian Church for 23 years. The Rev. and Mrs. Collins moved to Abilene m 1945 from Cross Plains. _
W’ithout mentioning these reports. the joint statement added: ‘There are obviously many tech-!
escort *fnSi the courthouse in | law at the summer White House Clairemont to Jayton. ■ was next to the last of a series of
Since that time the cwnmission anti ■* Communist and subversion
FRENCH PREMIER ACTS
nical details to be resolved beiore has beeu at odds with Cave. Wyatt c^trol measures «<iuestrt ^ the
and Cargile refusing to meet m j administration and approx ed by
lands today begin a series of conferences aimed at deciding one vital question: How quickly will Uncle Sam come running if the Philippines are attacked again?
The conferences between U. S. Secretary of State Dulles and Car-
When the prisoner exchange began. the Vietminh said he would
exoected to he a witness next week.
Batchelor’s statement said:
“The pui'pose of this meeting was to formulate an organization that would he secret, and onlv a few would know the real meaning of its . , qmctions The idea was to estab-
lo.s P. Garcia. Philippines vice organization in the United
president and foreign minister, will ‘Ex-Prisoners of
he preliminary to the Southeast: Welfare .Association.’ To the _________
Asia security conference beginning pu^uc. this organization would | pro-EDC ministers resigned earlier Monday. 1 serve to help all other ex-prisoners | today, nearly three weeks after
Dulles, who arrived late yester- who might be subjected to prosecu- ¡ three anli-EDC Cabinet members day, and Garcia meet as the Phil-1 tion by the United States govem-iptune-United States Council, es- j ment after they returned to the tablished under provisions oí the Unitetl States.
Cabinet Changes Bridge 6 Gaps
final agreement between TVA and ___^
AEC can be consummated, but a Jayton and Judge ^ President,
meeting of the minds has been and Commissioner W. R. Rodgers 1,^ signed—and the Presi-
athieved on all fundamental issues I refusing to attend meetings m ¿eni has an^nced he wiU do so— and the ’TVA will proceed in good i Clairemont ‘s ^ hill which would strip cilizen-
faiih and as expeditiously as pos-! On July 29. a mandate issued j^om those advocatii^ over-
sible to prepare the necessary * by the Court of Civil Appeals at ^ the government by force
data, and it is expected that tha ^ Eaatiand designated JaytiMi as the ^ violence.
technical staffs of both organiia- county seat of Kent lions will get together for discussions within the next 10 days."
Approval of the espionage bill c<wnmanded the Commissioners ^ of legislation
Court to observe this fact. (brought to 485 the total num-
The Dixon-Yates contract was But the three commissiwers t Eisenhower has signed
the subject of a hitter Senate de- stood pat and said that the Com- ^ Colorado va-
bate before passage of the atomic missioners’ Court alwic should or- j Aug. 21. He has killed 22
PARIS. Svpt 3 L»v-Premier P*’ «on". Sejv^^.Alcx^ndw i^^lhe'tiansfer of rocords They i
thorizes AEC to contract for priv- do not dispute the fact that Jay-, President’s latest action left
erre Mendes-Frani'e reshuffled his \Vis>.
Cabinet today to fill the six gaps Foreign Relations Committee, re
left by resignations following tbe bitter dispute over the European Defense Community treaty. Three
See FRENCH. Pg. 2-A. Col. 2
mutual delense treaty signed Aug. 3Ú. 1951.
ba turned over early but he was held until the final days L)e Castries, a hawk-no.^.ed ca-
Fag Proves Costly To Dove Hunters
ROTAN. SetH 3 (RNS^ — I>oves came pretty high for a Rotan man and his visiting brother late Friday.
William Butler of Rotan and his brother. Jack Butler of Spring-town. were returning home after dove hunting north of town.
The two, sons of Mrs Aggie Crite of Rotan, were in their mother's car. Jack was driving
.About two miles north of RtHan on State Highway 70 Jack took one hand from the steering wheel to light • cigarel, he told Highway Patrolman Herman Seale (rf Sweetwater.
The car was on a curve. The vehicle mowed down two guard rail ptwUi and came to a stop off
the highway. ^ »
Neither of the men was hurt but the car was heaviLv damaged. Patrolman Seale estimated damage from $330 to $400.
Panel Impartial, Sen. Watkins Says
W.ASHINGTON. Sept 3 i4A-Sen. \Salkins iR-Ulahi attested today to the impartiality of the special Senate committee weighing censure charges against Sen. McCarthy iR-Wis). He called K “as fair a group as you can find in the Senate.”
Watkins heads the six-man committee. which IS in recess until Tuesday.
“I don't fiml any prejudice^ in the committee against Sen. McCarthy.” the senator told a news conference. He said McCarthy himself hasn't challenged any member and asked: “So what’s all the fuss about’”
Contact for Reds
“However, this organization would.have another function, loo. It would also serve as a contact for Communist activities in the United Stales The plan called for local contacts with ex-pri.soners in various parts of the United States, and perhaps a general meeting at some place at certain times This organization would have some kind of contacts with the Communist party in the United States, but that contact would be secret.
The Premier’s changes included shifting of eight present ministers to new posts and appointment of two new men. Two posU were left vacant and another apparently was , eliminated in the reshuffle. Men-1 des-France also created one new
(ily Schools Enroll 6,358
ale power for the Memphis area.
Related story on Page 1-B
p.»l-«-croti.rv of stale in the In-i Abilene elemental- sxhools reg-^ ’ - . . . - istered 6.358 children Thursday.
terior Ministry. It was expected to be filled shortly.
Quick Action Asked The reshuffle came shortly after two Americim lawmakers urged quick action on European defense and voiced criticism of France
Anson Lad Enters Polio Word Here
James Earl Owens. 20-month-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Vester Owens of Anson, was admitted as a polio patient to Hendrick Me morial Hospital at 4:30 p.m. Friday.
ton is the county seal. j Q^ly seven bills on his desk await-
Meet in Clairemont | action. An aide said Eisenhow-
Unofficial commission meetings ’ would dispose of those by to-have been held during the past j„oi.i.ow\
month at Clairemont with Cave.; ^mong them is an appropriation Wyatt and Cargile being the ones , jjjjj carrying $2.781.499.816 in for-attending. i eign aid funds to help bolster the
The last such meeting was held ; against Communist ag-
last Wednesday in the hall of the gccssion. James C. Hagerty, MTiiie
House press secretary, said that
„ Caliremont courthouse. _____
Cave said Friday night that at ^ $657.049.989 less than the ad-The baby was placed in the isola-1 tbe Wednesday meeting in Claire-. ministration requested, tion ward. He was not in a res-: moot several items of county busi- j (gber developments at the pirator. I ness were discussed at the meeting president’s working vacation head-
Hendrick currently hM 26 p» | ^ j
tienls in the polio ward. ^ -
Auto Crash Kills Seven in Illinois
Former Afghoniffon King Loses $6,500
MHJkN. Italy # - re
ported Friday that Afghanistan’» former King Aman Ullah was rol>het1 of I6..500 worth ot moiuy UKi valualUi‘8 on the Paris-Tricste
Tht lost articles were in two hags which (li.sai;H>eared from the tx-king'i compartment Thurstiay
PONTIAC. lU.. Sept. 1 vIL-A J-car collision near here today killed seven men ^
One car. containing five men from Madison. 111., waa northbound The otlier. carrying four men from Uredo. Tex., was bound south.
Gilberto Castellanos. 13. of U-redo died this afternoon of injuries
Killed outright were Ast»erry MatKM's. Clarence Smith. Hugh Ivingston and Curley Donald, all from Madison, and Mohna Ortii and Ramon Martinet of Uredo Still III a hospital are Celopis Ferrell of Madison and Arnulfo Rodrigue» of Laredo,
SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN REPORTER-NEWS
Tuesday is the day. the day of The Abilene Reporter-News’ First Annual Soil Day.
It is a day when various agencies, business firms and individuals will join in a Parade of Conservation. This subject of saving our soil and water resources is one close to the heart of all who have felt the effects of the drought.
Details of the big show will be given in Sunday’s Abilene Reporter-News. Readers of the paper will find, also, the usual array of topflight coverage of the news of the day, stories aimed at every member of the family and features designed for all tastes and interests.
You can reserve extra copies of the Sunday Reiwrter-News at your dealer or the Reporter-News office at 10 cents each.
But school officials don’t expect an accurate count until Tuesday, opening day of school. Classes be-1 gin at 8.3b a m.
Many people had called that they were to he out of town because of the Labor Day week end. a ^kesman said, and would register their children Tuesday.
Total enrollments of .Abilene High School, the junior high schools ; and Woodson High School won’t be available until Tuesday.
Onlv new students registered Thur^lay. and that total will have to be added to the number which pre-registered last spring.
The 6.358 elementary children recorded Thursday include students at Woodson Elementary School.
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RIO DE JANEIRO. «raxU. S*nH S LFL-’Hie 4.K«i ton Lloyd Brasile-Iro freighter Commamlante Pessoa tank early today off the coast of (he state of Rio Grande do Norte. All 46 crewmen aboard were ree-•Ueil
JUNEAU, Alaska A U. S. Fiah and Wild Life Service plane has crashed on ruggwl Admiralty Island with six aboard and four (H'rsons are believed to have been killed.
A grouftd pwty preewd Uwd the wreckage tn the hope of find uig one nirviwop-eiiU repoftad
TAIPEH, Formosa, Saturday, Sept. 4 uP^ommunist Chinese artillery yesterday bombarded two Nationaiisl-held islands off the China coast for more than five hours.
A Naiiooaiist government communique said about 5.000 shells were fired at Quemoy and Little Quemov Casualties were listed as light-three kiUed. two seriously wounded. fivT slightly wounded. Qwestioas Raised The attack immediately raised speculation here whether It presaged an attempt to seize the two islands or was for political purposes only. Unofficial quarters regarded it mostly as an effort to inject disharmony into the Southeast Asia security ccwiference which ‘b Manila .Monday. ji Quemoy Island, a Nationalist ^«^1^! strongixnnt. is seven miles east of ! Amov. Red-held island city just off ' the China mainland, little Quemov . is only five miles east of Amoy v^^iilThe .Nationalist and Red ho\
^ ,! thus are within easy artillery range
'■» i of one another >' *’1 The I. S. 7lh Fleet is assigne' to guard Formosa, the Nationalist ' Pbina stnvnghoW. against invasion. '^ ^ 1 Formosa ii 100 mllas east of Que-
nwy. «cross Fonnosa Strait. Heavy Attaeli Y«»terday’i attack was describ-
1. Eisenhower signed an executive order designed to clarify and strengthen provisions of the standard hiring and firing nondiscrimination clause included in government contracts with private Indus-try. The new langua^ to be included in such contrac« more specifically defines prohibited employment practices based on race, color, religion or national origin.
2. The President issued an appeal for safe driving over the Labor Day weekend. He deplored
Quemoy," the communique said.____
“it would be most welcome by our j ^ a “grim forecast”
troops, whose memor>‘ of their big j p^perts that 390 Americans will
victory in October, 1949, is FtiU their lives in traffic accidents
over the holiday, and declared: “Let’s fool the experts. Let’s all
••We also suppose the Communist
bandits have not forgotten big defeat. Our troops, whose morale is high and confidence unbounded. are pi:epared to give them another thrashing.” Yesterday’s action followed the ‘‘water ghost” raid on Quemov- by a handful of Reds the night of Aug. 23 when they captured one nationalist soldier. The ’water ghosts” were frogmen who stole ashore and pounced upon a sentr> and carried him off
be alive next Tuesday.”
I ed in a Nationalist communique as the heaviest aince the Reds tried
the fTS«h scene
DRAMATIC RKSCUK JUST IN TLMK —The tiestroyer escort USS Blair (deck in lower left corner) pulls alongside to rescue Claire. 22, left, Robert, 16, right, and their mother, Mrs. William J. Boudreau. Fall River, Mass., after tney drifted down Nar-ragansett Bay oyer four miles from Common Fence Point, R.L, for 2 1*2 hours on rooftop of their cottage, barely visible in the water, during Uie East Coast hurricane. The Blair was steaming in the bay to maintain position after losing her anchor, when the family was spotted. Shortly after this picture was made, the rooftop sank complet-iJy. Sailors from the Blair rescued the children and Mrs. Boudreau waa rescued by another vessel.
unsucc««sfUlly to «eiie Quemoy in October, 194$. The Reds suffered I heavy losses In that assault.
The artillery attack began about 8 m it am.. t:ST. Friday). Na tioealist artillery immediately re-lipoiided. Five hours and 15 minute« Hater the Red guns fell »ilent. the communique aidd, “under our heavy artillery prtasure ’’
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MC OTINK HI NGRY-iiusie. one of SIX monkeys that e?>caped from the l-ake Park Zoo in Birniiiig-ham. Ala . came back to captivity when she found that cigarettes don’t grow on tree«. Here Susio—an old »moktr—4S ahown with her first cigarette after her surrender