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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 31, 1944, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, TEXAS Press Presi FIVE CENTS Mail's Japs Cornered for Showdown on Leyte sitions Brea Cologne Gets New Blasting k Storm Slows Yank Drive GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philip- pines, Tuesday, Oct. 31 American troops drove an iron-tipped spearhead across the northern end of Leyte island today after capturing Jaro, a final mid-island Japanese strong- fiiold, and a final showdown battle appeared imminent along Carigara bay. While a 70-mile-an-hour typhoon roared across the island, Mai Gen Fred Irving's 24th division pushed onward from Jaro in northwestern Leyle valley, seeking to close the, 10- gjnile gap separating it from the 1st cavalry division on the bay. Sizable Japanese forces evi- dently have reached the bay, cornered for a final battle. _. Japanese reinforcements have landed farther south on the west coast, at Ormoc; the communl- que reported today. Estimated Japanese casualties on Leyte and Samar totaled for C first 10 days of the campaign, inst 708 Americans killed, 270 missing and wounded, the communique reported. The 24th Division drove Japan- ese rear guards out of Jaro, after 14-mile forced march, .through wind and rain, .from Pastrana, in central Leyte valley. The Nipponese fought bitterly for Jaro, their last key stronghold on the road toward northwest coast. It is 12 miles by highway from Carigara bay. The enemy brought up rein- foreccments In the battle for Jaro, a mountain village. After bitter fighting, the town was captured at 4 p.m. by the armor-led 24th Division. One Japanese escape route, to the hills, was blocked, by numerous Fili- pino guerrillas, who held high points above Jaro. First Cavalry forces maintained flight pressure on the Japanese left "lank by holding the only other road through the valley's northwestern Cavite to Barugo, on Carigara bay. Cavalrymen dug a strong perim- .eter at Barugo, within easy access heavy reinforcements, after pa- trols yesterday discovered a Jap- anese column two miles long at Carlgira, some four miles westward along the bay. First Cavalry patrols entered Car- several days ago without re- Tiistance, then drew back. Guerrillas warned yesterday thnt a large en- emy concentration was present. Another patrol then returned to the town's outskirts, and sighted the long- Japanese col- IM> umn, stretching- along the. road heading into Carigara, Associ- ated Press AVar Correspondent Spencer Davis reported. This Indicated the Japanese were assembling or a last stand, hoping .'iossibly for reinforcements from The forces landed at Ormoc. At headquarters of the "Sixth Army it was considered doubtful that the Japanese in Leyte valley could escape from the multi- squeeze against them, laintained by Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger's army forces nnd patrol- Ing FT boats In the bay. The situation along Carigara bay was considered favorable for American forces, who have been .accelerating their drive to wipe out the Japanese defend- ers. Their control was tight over Leyle valley itself, and or- ganized 'Japanese resistance in this broad flat sector appeared ,-g broken. An American break-through to the coast would cut the Island in half. Final liquidation of the Jap- anese in the Jaro sector would per- mit the Americans to move swiftly the coast, General Irving said. In central Leyte valley, two main groups of the enemy are now sep- arated between Dagabi and Past- rana. Davis reported. The northern orces, estimated between 4.000 and were retiring toward Cari- gara bay. In a field dispatch. Associated Press War Correspondent James Hutcheson reported the Japanese were fighting a delaying action to protect that withdrawal. They launched local counter-attacks and Increased use of land mines and booby traps. The typhoon assisted them, In slowing American progress. .to 'Jl More Tires Appear For B; C Drivers WASHINGTON, Oct. More tires will be available for "B" and "C" ration holders In Noveiri- hjr, but none Is In sight for "A" Wivcrs. The Office of Price administra- tion announced today new automobile tires will be available for rationing in November, an Increase of over the October quota, 'rf Jap Ship loll Moves to 61 Within Week U. S. PACIFIC FLEET Pearl Harbor, Oct. 30 American naval airmen heap- ed new damage on the bat- tered Japanese navy iri week- end raids on Luzon island, in- creasing to 60 the toll of enemy warships sunk or dam- aged within a week in Philip- pine waters. Adm. Chester W. Niruitz an- nounced the new strikes today with the following results: One heavy' cruiser probably Two cruisers damaged. One oij tanker damaged. Three coastal cargo vessels sunk. 1 Ninety enemy planes 'de- stroyed, The three cruisers may have been fleeing to home waters from last WASHINGTON, Oct. battleship the Japanese claimed to have sunk at Saipan rose up to plague the enemy in the battle of the Philippines. The Navy disclosed today that the U. S. S..Maryland, torpedoed off the Marianas, was repaired in less than seven weeks and look part In the rout of the Japanese fleet last week. It was the Maryland, the Navy said, which the Japanese claimed as sunk. The speed of its repair iras described by the Navy as typical of the work at Pearl Harbor where repairs have been made to more than 50 vessels of all sizes 'and types since the war started. week's engagemnt off Samar island and in the Sibuyan sea, although today's communique did not say so. The Sibuyari engagement, part of which was fought in the dangerous San Bernardina strait separating Samar and Luzon, was one of the three 'naval-air clashes last week in which the Japanese Navy lost 58 vessels. Twenty-four of these were sunk, 13 probably sunk and 21 dam- aged. These results were announced Sunday by Nimitz. One heavy cruiser, previously damaged, was probably sunk and another damaged zy two pound bombs at Cavite, the former American naval base across the bay from Manila. The three coastal vessels were sunk in a sweep over Cebu is- land, immediately west of Lcyte, where American lib e r a 11 o n forces hold two-thirds of the island. Nineteen enemy fighter planes which attempted to in- terfere shot down. The enemy nirforce tried hard to get at Mltscher's carriers, a part of Adm. William F. Habey's mighty Third Fleet. Twelve Japanese fight- ers and divebombers were shot down near the carriers Saturday and two more on Sunday. Airborne interception met the carrier planes when they appeared over Luzcn and the Manila area Saturday. Forty-five enemy fighters were shot from the skies and 12 de- stroyed on the ground of Manila al- fields. Hawley B-24 Gunner Promofed to Sergeant 15TH AAF IN C. Clyburn, Jr., Box 161, Hawley, Tex., nose gunner in a B-24 Liberator group commanded by Lt. Philip R. Hawes, Pearl River, N. Y., has recently promoted to the grade of sergeant. Clyburn entered the AAF July 7, 1943 and received training In aerial nunnery at Tyndall Field, Fla. Prior to hi sentry In the army, he was attending the John Tarlcton agri- cultural college, Stophcnvllle, Tex. He Is a graduate of Hawley high school, class or '40. U. S. TANK AIDS INFANTRY ROUT JAPS FROM LEYTE COAST Troops of the 1st Cavalry Division, backed up by a tank, begin driving Japs from their coastal defenses on Leyte Island, Philippines, as the initial invasion of Gen. Douglas MacArtbur's forces gels under way. The 1st Cavalry is a mechanized force. (AP Wircphoto from Signal Corps.) Russians Hammer Tisza LONDON, Tuesday, Oct. Bed army, In a new major'offensive aimed at Budapest, attack- cd. across the Tisza river at dawn yesterday with masses of tanks, planes and artillery on "a wtdn front 50 miles from the imperilled Hungarian capital, -Ber- lin announced last night. Moscow 'was silent on the unfolding operation, but German broadcasts said the roar of big Russian and German guns-could be heard for 50 miles north and south of the threatened west bank Tisza strong- hold of Szolnok, on the west bank of the Tisza at the center of the flaming front. For some time the Russians have been astride several all-weather roads leading across the flat, sod- den farmlands into Budapest. The Russians have been massing; men and material for weeks for the big push, ISerlin said, and. thousands of Hungarian civilians were re- ported throwing: up breastworks outside Buda- pest, a vulnerable city whose most important sec- tions lie on the eastern side of the Danube. The Russian communique also did not mention the big Red army offensive in western Latvia, where Berlin reported fresh Soviet gains, and for the third straight day Moscow was silent about gruelling operations in east Prussia. A Soviet military commentator, Voronin, said In n. Moscow broadcast last night that the Ger- mans were fighting fanatically in east Prussia, nnd that the Russians had collided with the strongest fortifications yet encountered in the east. Fourteen minor localities In Czechoslovakia and northeastern Hungary were taken during the dny, Moscow said. The Soviet bulletin said Gen. Ivali Petrov's fourth Ukraine army, which already has conquered Ruth- enia and, is Invading Slovakia to the west, had cap- tured Germans between Friday and Sunday, making a 10-day total of Two "major Soviet bridgeheads" thrown across' the river north of Szolnok, 50 miles southeast of the capital, were crushed, ISerlin claimed, and Hungarians and Germans were fighting furi- ously south of (hat pivot city in an effort to hali the Russians. A German wnr correspondent at the front radioed that troops had been ordered to "hold on at all in an effort to save Budapest. German front bulletins stressed the Soviet in- tention of topllug Budapest, queen city on the Dnn- ube and key communications center at the door- way to Austria, before the snows set In. Filipino Girls Lead U. i Patro! WITH THE 24TH CORPS ON LKYTE, PHILIPPINES, (Via Army Radio) young Filipino girls led a seventh division patrol Into their .home, village yes- terday nnd with their guidance the patrol killed 17 Japanese soldiers. Maj. Gen. John R. Hodge, corps commander, reported the exploit to- day. "Tell us where the Japs are and We will take care of an of- ficer told the girls. The girls insisted they wanted to go with the Americans. They ac- companied the patrol to the village where Japanese stragglers were wiped out. Scattered Clashes Mark Italian War ROME, Oct. The Bat- tle for Italy .simmered clown to scattered patrol clashes today, with the Germans adding to the misery of mud-bogged Allied troops by troublesome nrtlllery fire. The enemy shelling south and southeast of Bologna was officially described as heavier than anything previously endured by the American Fifth Army. Nazi engineers were observed planting great new mine fields and stringing Inore barbed wire in front of Bolnonn, indicating they Intended to fight obstinately for the big communications center. In slightly improved weather con- ditions yesterday tank-supported American infantry advanced mile In the mountains southeast or Bol- ogna, captured the hamlets of Bosco and Serrn, and reached the vicinity CA.i'ii6CuuiO. tWO miles Of the Bologna-Rimini highway. Cross Plains Nan Reported Critical Abilene Officer Prisoner of War CISCO, Oct. H. Duke of near Cross P.lains, injured in an automobile collision Saturday in Cross Plains, was reported in serious condition at the hospital here last, j Bruce Francis, 201 Mockins'drd. Will P.' Armstrong of Nimrod, rid- !wcre advised last night by the War ing with Duke, was released Sun- j department. Second Lt. Henry L. Francis, 20, Is a prisoner of the Germnn govern- 1 ment. his pa rente, Mr. nnd Mrs. ilay from a Coleman hospital where he was treated 'for minor injuries. From Planes LONDON, Tuesday, Oct. 31 More than 1.000 RAF heavy bombers plaster- ed Cologne again last night after American planes had attacked Hamm, Mun- ster, Harbsburg and Ham- burg during the day. Berlin also was bombed for the second consecutive night, an an- nouncement by the air ministry said. The great industrial city of Col- ogne now has been assaulted six times in 48 hours nnd last night's raid brought the total bomb load dropped on it during October to nearly tons. While Allied planes continued their methodical destruction of Germany's industrial centers today, carrier-based aircraft of Hie British home fleet attacked enemy shipping off the Nor- wegian coast, sinking sis enemy vessels. An admiralty communique re- ported its planes also had damaged and driven ashore a large U-Boat and had damaged 19 other enemy vessels. The naval planes, in addition, made successful attacks on land targets In the vicinity of Bodo. Nor- way, including a U-Doat depot, wire- less stations, oil tanks, shore bat- teries and other enemy installa- tions. Five planes were missing troin these operations. Seven cities of the Reich have been under Allied aerial assault by planes in the past three days. Tlie U. S. Eighth Airforce had Hamm and Munster as its forgets today and reported that it had lost two bombers and six fighters in the attacks. Of Stale Meet Here The Central-West Texas Funeral Directors and Embalmers associa- tion will meet here Tuesday at the American Legion hall, with the ses- sion beginning at p. m. Hosts will bo the 'three Abilene funernl homes: Elliott's. Kikcr-War- ren nnd Laughter's. A barbecue and banquet will close the session. The organization meets quarterly, last sessions held at Big Spring. Halph Odom of Snytlcr is president nnd Oliver Jacobson of McCamey, secretary treasurer. The organization was organized here five years ago. Mississippi Moves On Demo ''Rebels' JACKSON, Miss., Oct. Go'v. Thomas L. Bailey disclosed to- day that an extraordinary session of the legislature, to force presiden- tial electors cf the Democratic party to support Hooscvelt or face auto- matic disqualification, will be called this week. The governor said he will convene an extraordinary session of the leg- islature, probably Wednesday night, to amend the state election law to overcame a political uproar caused by announcement of three Demo- m-.illc ricclnrs that they will cast their electoral colleRe votes (or Sen. Harry liyrd of Virginia, if elected. Bulk of May Escape, British Say LONDON, Oct. 30 German positions in south. western Holland were breaking tonight under tremendous pressure from two Allied armies which in gains of up to five miles squeezed an estimated of the enemy into a 40- mile strip along the Maas ranging from 1 1-2 to nine miles deep. At the same lime the enemy stranglehold on the great harbor of Antwerp was slipping fast, and a bold German at- tempt to weaken the Allied offensive here by an attack in east Holland collapsed. Lt. Bill Agnew Dies in Germany Lt. W. R. (Bill) Agnew, 26, who served as a non-commissioned offi- cer with the 112th cavalry in New Caledonia for nine months, was killed in Germany Oct. 14 shortly after returning to his cavalry unit. He had suffered an injury near D- Day and had been hospitalised. Mrs. Phema Agnew, 2418 South 7th, his mother was notified of his LIEUTENANT AGNEW dentil by his wife, the former Louise Williams now of Tulsa, Okia. Lieutenant Agnew returned from the South Pacific in May 1943 to at- tend Officer Candidate school at Fort Biley, Knns., nnd soon after his commission In Ausiua he was married. His wife Is a former Abi- Icnlnn. He went to England In January after being stationed at Camp Polk, La. Lieutenant Agnew was born In West Virginia, Nnv. 0, 1917, and his parents cnme to Texas In 191D, They moved to Abilene from Tcxon in 1031. He was graduated from Abilene high school and enlisted a year be- fore mobilization o( Troop G. 112th cavalry. Texas National Guard. His brother, John Agnew of Abi- lene, v.'as discharged from service a year ago. Pour pikers also sur- vive. They are Mrs. Toby Shackel- ford of Lubbock, Mrs. Tully Mayer of Abilene, Mrs. Gerald Canatscy of Abilene and Agnew, also of Abilene. Mass Burial CLEVELAND, Oct. enty-three unidentified bodies of victims of the East Ohio fins explosions and fire will be pivcn mass burial. Mayor Frank .1. Lau- schc and Coroner S. R. Girbr-r an- nounced today. Lieutenant Francis, missing since Sept. 12, was a bombardier on Flying Fortress of the Eighlh Air' Force, based in England. A letter from the War depart- j i i ment received Saturday notified Mr. and Mrs. Francis thnt the lie-ill- enant'r, plane was hit by flak over i itfadgeburg. Germany, but remain- ed under conl rol until bombs were j unloaded over the target area. Four j parachiri.es, the War department I said, were seen to leave the plane when it went into a spin wo miles southwest ot the target. Lieutenant Francis was Ihought to he on his 21st mission. He has j been in service since January, 1943.! Last nliht'n message was based on information gathered by the International Red Cross. FRONT WITH MAULDIN 'I HAVE RETURNED' Ful- filling a promise he niucle more than two years previous- ly, Gen. Douglas MacArlhur broadcasts from Leytc Islnnd to the residents of the Philip- pine Islands: "I have return- ed." lie also called on them fo aid the American invasion forces. (Al' The Weather HOKK 1 71-7 u. s. tit roMMi.nri: wr.ATm.K m.Kl.Al; AM) VlflNITY: AM> U'KST fair Ttifsdny nnd Not much Mon. AM Sun. .1......... .u r, i r.-j ,Vi x mi -ill !i (i.-, ..........in.......... (if, ..........It.......... VI Illfh anil Jou In !l p. m. 8ft nml Illltli and low vunr (lair I-ut jrar: Stinrluc tills in tonight: Infantry two days an1 I ain't hcaitl a shot." German troops were pound- ed mercilessly from the sky as they streamed north to es- cape over the Maas river by, boat and ferry at Willemstad, by the long road and rail bridges at Moerdijk, eight miles east, and by a third bridge north of. Geertruiden- berk, a dozen miles farther east. But as night and the weather closed In, more and more Germans were getting across and retreating beyond to Dordrecht, 10 miles southeast of Rotterdam. A British spokesman 'admitted the bulk pro- bably would escape. The British, bursting through wilting rearguards on the west flank, were only seven miles from Willemstad ferry, Americans to the east were but six miles front' the vltnl Moerdijk' bridges, and British tanks on the east flank were four miles from the Geertruidenberg crossing. In clear skies which once more loosed Allied air might, bomb- ers dumped explosives on the Mocrdijk bridges and stalked air lanes over the highways, bombing and slrafinjr. In the rush, the British captur- ed Roosendaaal, last major enemy stronghold south .'of the Maas. There the British had been held up-for 36 hours, although they were In they, broke Into tha city today almost unopposed, indi- cating the extent of the collapse. The Canadian drive to clean.up Antwerp's approaches raced on with the same bewildering speed, and all organized resistance on the south bank of the Schelde and on south Bevcland Island was crushed. Dominion troops compressed tha reeling Germans into a small pocket on the swampy south coast of the Schelde estuary from which the enemy can no longer fire on Allied ships which choose to enter tho estuary. Then to the north they broke German resistance on south Be- vcland Island, whittled its maul- rtl garrison to some troops, rared its entire length and reached the causeway joining it tn AValchcren island to the west, where German guns still dominate tho Schelde. An ambitious German drive in- eastern Holland, probably design- ed to ease the pressure on all these enemy forces, was stopped cold with the arrival of British reinforce- ments for the hard-pressed Ameri- cans, and the Allies went over to the attack. The enemy counterblow spent its force only 11 miles east of the big Allied bnse at Eindhoven. Tonight bayonet-wielding Tommies iought back into Lieseel, 15 miles east of Eindhoven, and their American comrades were hammering at the Bates to Mcijel, 5 miles south oJ Uesccl two iowns overrun by the Germans. The Berlin radio admitted that the Germans were pulling their 15th army out of southwestern Holland. A Iront dispatch said the enemy was fleeing across the river by boat, bridge and terry before the Cana- dian First and British Second Army. British tronps who applied the pressure on the east flank captured Capelle, four miles southeast of the Geertruidenberg crossing. Here they were a mile and a half south Of the Maas. Tlic Poles who captured Bre- da, last important Dutch city in German hands south of the Maas, pressed on four miles north to just south of Tcrhey- dcn. which is but seven .miles southeast nf Ihe Moerdijk brlilffcs. They linked up on the east with British troops who seized the 1m- portnnt communications center of Oosterhout, five miles southwest of Geertruidenberg bridge. Americans to the west stormed across the Breda-Roosendaal high- way and shoved on nearly three miles beyond to within six miles ot Moerdijk. posing the most immed- iate peril to the Germans' main, escape route. British on the west, after cap- turing Roosendaal, fought on threo miles north into the outskirts of Out! Gnstel, seven miles south ot Wlllemstad ferry across Hollnndsch dicp, seaward arm of the Maas. Road fo Berlin By The Associated Press western Front: 301 miles (irran west of mission Front: 30-1 miles (from Vistula, north of Italian Front: 557 miles (from southeast cf ;