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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 30, 1962, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 82ND YEAR, NO. 136 ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 30, PAGE ONE Last week nearly everybody tiptoed carefully around a plain and gruesome fact. Hardly anyone would mention it aloud for fear of starting panic, his own or his neighbors'. But the tensions which gripped us for six days have eased suddenly, not by our own doing, and football and politics have returned to their places as the chief topics for personal con- cern. Now it is safe to say it. We don't have much in the way of "civil defense." "Civil defense" has been talked since the coming of the atomic bomb. Except for the crises which Jar us periodically, the talk has been chilled by apathy and ig- norance. Last week's scare, the big- gest one yet, melted the apathy, that's for sure. We told our- selves it wouldn't happen, there would be no nuclear war, but we were not altogether convinc- ing. In every household there was concern. The degree varied, but there was much looking about. And when we looked we saw, mostly, our own ignorance of what could be done. ________________ AMM-KB. lEAAo, maauAi wuKmnu, wivum 30, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS Auocitted JVessl Blockade Litaa Temporarily Johnson Had Key Role in Crisis By LES CARPENTER Reporter-News Capital Bnraw WASHINGTON The terrify- ng Cuban crisis the nightmare hich has passed dramatized te great dependence President Kennedy places on his vice presi- ent from Texas, Lyndon B. John- son. Through the anxious hours of the long days of last, week, Pres- ident Kennedy made no decision without first consulting Vice Pres- ident Johnson. It is known that Johnson agreed with every step the President took, and also made a number of suggestions in the Here in Abilene the civil de- feose situation is something like this: There are some plans. But only a few have been inter- ested in them. We have disaster sirens. With- out, we understand, proper aux- iliary power which might be needed for, say, a storm warn- ing, and most of us don't even know which signals would mean what. A few of us have fall-out shel- ters. But not many and some of them may or may not be very good. Some of us have storm cel- lars. But we don't know what, if anything, could be done to make them of use against fall- out. There has been talk of locat- ing areas in buildings which might be used as public shelter against disaster. But if any- thing concrete has been done about this the public doesn't doesn't know it. We know the public schools have a disaster plan ot sorts- school officials met last Tues- day to work out part of it. But we doubt it would stand much of a test. (School plan is to keep all children at school in the most nearly safe spots to be found. Idea is don't turn them loose in disaster. But what of the par- ent who has adequate shelter at home? What of the parent who, as parents might, wants his child with him in a dire emergency? He's supposed to go to the school for the child- "sign him out" in at least one school. What a jam that would We found out last week we didn't know much to do but near- ly everybody did bought a transistor, bought canned food and bottled water, looked around the house for the safest spot, or at least talked about not being able to do any- thing. As it turned out, it was "un- necessary" and we may be a bit embarrassed about our scur- rying about. But there's little doubt another time of fright will come. With this one fresh on the public's mind, civil defense now has its best opportunity to find fol- it knows which way to lead. Last week woke us to our ig- norance. What sensible plans can we make personally and as families? What practical plans could we undertake collectively? What about the children at school? Why wouldn't school safely be a good P-TA project right now? (Might look over the new Dallas program which in- cludes such things as a simple communications system, handy in storm season, and an inven- tory of parent's wishes about care of his child.) Most of us know little about civil defense. shaping of U.S. policy in the showdown with Nikita Khru- shchev. Rarely, If ever, have a U. S. President and Vice President act- ed in such harmony in a life-or- death situation for the nation. Johnson participated in every high level conference. At times, the talk was between two men, the President and Vice President. At others it was the two men with the cabinet, or the two men with the National Security Council. Most often, it was the special eight-man "executive committee" of the National Security Council, which the President created as an emergency group to handle the Cuban countdown. This committee met twice a day most days and at least once a day every day. Its members are Vice President Johnson, Secre- ..State Pean Rusk, Secre- tary of Defense Robert McNama- ra, Secretary of Treasury Douglas Dillon, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Maxwell Taylor, Di- the Central Intelligence Agency rector John McCone, and 'Town Hall' Session Set Mayor C. R. Kinard said Mon- day night that a Town Hall Meet- ng will be held at p.m. rhursday in the auditorium of the Public Library for the purpose of discussing the proposed city char- er. Kinard urged the public to at- end the meeting, saying that "il is for their benefit and it is to their advantage to ask questions." LYNDON JOHNSON in on all decisions President's White House foreign policy aide, McGeorge Bundy. The group served, for all prac tical purposes, as a super war council with all authority over necessary decisions of immediacy in the fast-moving crisis. To accommodate the President Johnson moved out of his U.S Capitol office and into the sutie of rooms next door to Kennedy's in the White House which Presi dent Kennedy assigned to the Tex an right after inauguration. John son is the first Vice President with White House offices. There, at a desk with direct tel- ephone lines into the President's private office, the State Depart- ment, the Pentagon and the CIA, Johnson stayed late into the night, available instantly when the Pres- dent had to see him. In a few nstances, Johnson remained there all night, napping on a couch. Special armed messengers con- inually were rushing reports to him in envelopes marked "eyes only." This is a relatively new classi- fication for top secret papers. The designation means that no one except the person to whom the message is addressed can break the seal on the envelope. It also Leader Says Group Made Cuba Landing SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) leader of the militantly anti- Castro Cuban exile organization Alpha 66 said Monday night he bad received reports that some Alpha 66 commandos landed in Cuba several days ago and en- gaged in fighting. Geronomo Esteves said he could not confirm the reports. He gave 10 indication where such a land- ing might have taken place, the number of men involved or the extent of the fighting. He said, however, that the [roup was reported to have been ed by Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo, a former major in Castro's army who fought against Cuban dictator rulgencio Batista in the Escam- bray Hills of Cuba. Gutierrez Me- noyo reportedly calls his forces he Second Front of Escambray. Esteves also said that Alpha 66, which has claimed responsibility or attacks on several ships in ;uban waters, will continue its ighting operations as planned de >pite the latest turn of events. He said he doubted that the So net Union would keep its prom se to withdraw missiles from Cuba and added: "The freedom of the Cuban people cannot be ne- gotiated by the United States for a few bases." Esteves reflected the senti nents of most Cuban exiles in Puerto Rico, who were disap pointed by President Kennedy's eaffirmation of the U.S. position ot to invade Cuba. "Tlie Cuban people now know hat the responsibility of liberal Order in Effect During UN Talk By LEWIS GUUCK WASHINGTON (AP) Th United States announced Monda; night the temporary lifting of its naval quarantine of Cuba at the Tuesday. And he would not say request of Acting Secretary-Gen era! U Thant of the United Na tions. U Thant is to meet Tuesda; with Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro in Havana in an effort tc work out details for U.N. super vision of the removal of Soviet nuclear missiles from the island Soviet Premier Khrushchev an nounced Sunday that he had or dered such a withdrawal am agreed to U.N. supervision. The White House announced the lifting of the quarantine against shipments of offensive weapon, would be effective about 6 a.m Tuesday and would last through the two days of U Thant's visit Whether it will be reimposed ing our fatherland is ours anc lat we cannot delegate it to the nited said Manuel Ray, eader of the People's Revolution- ry Movement. Language Teacher Called Up Again COLUMBUS, Ind. JS High School lost its Russian nguage teacher again Monday, means the message must be UP time within and destroyed. It literally limits its contents to "eyes only" or Commissioner first suggested "only to be memorized." No noti or memorandum can be made on what is in the message on any other piece of paper for later ref- irence. Johnson performed other serv- ices for President Kennedy in ad- Truman Kirk dition to being a man with advice the meeting, saying that most of the opposi- tion to the proposed charter is "over things that are in the state constitution or in the old charter." Dr. Joe Humphrey, dean of Mc- Murry College, will serve as mod- erator. Mayor Kinard said that the meet- ing will be held in the library auditorium and that he appre- ciated the cooperation of the li- and judgment the President re- lies on heavily when the going gets rough. Johnson, for the President, kept in close touch with top congres- sional leaders and others who had to be consulted on key points. Among these men, with whom Johnson remained in steady con act to assist the busy President, were House Speaker John W. Mc- Cormack; Sen. Richard B. Rus- brary officials in moving the regu- sell chairman of the Sen- larly scheduled film program to ate Armed Services Commit- the basement. WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU (Weather Map. Pa. 8-R) ABILENE AND VICINITY (Radius 40 miles) Generally with slowly ris temperatures through Wednesday Tuesday 70 to 75. Low Tuesday nllht 55 to 60. High Wednesday near ao NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS General (air Tuesday and Wednesday. Hllh Tuesday 69 northeast 78 Southwest. NORTHWEST TEXAS Generally ly and Wednesday. High Tuesday News Conference WASHINGTON (AP) Prosl dent Kennedy will holt) hit first news conference in ilx at 4 p.m. Trwndfty, the White llouie announced Monday, Mon. a.m. 53 53 53 54 57 60 59 TEMPERATURES 54 52 49 47 HUHl and low tor ending 10 marched p.m.: 62 and 52. Hllh and low same date last year: II nd tt. Sunset test niihl: sunrise today: sunset tonllht: reading at 10 p.m.: 24.41. Humidity 10 p.m. 79 ftr cem. NEWS INDEX tee; Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield and others. Often in American history, presidents and vice presidents have virtually been strangers when selected for political expe- diency at a national convention to See JOHNSON, Pg. 11-A, Col. S a year for Air Force Reservist duty. Last November, the Air Force released Joseph R. Turk, 27, from his typist duties with the 133rc Air Transport Wing in Schenecta- dy, N.Y., after his language pu- pils appealed to President Kennedy. C. G. Addleman, assistant prin- cipal, considers Turk's call-up in the current Cuban crisis anothei matter. "We all feel it's crucial enough now; I'm sure we won't do any- thing like that this time, though we'd love to have him Addleman said. "Last year, the Berlin crisis didn't seem quite as close to us." After his return to Columbus last fall, Turk transferred to the 434th Troop Carrier Wing, based at Bakalar Air Force Base near tere, one of the units reactivated his weekend. One of the arguments Turk's pu- )ils used effectively last fall was hat the government had invested S.OOO in Turk's special education n Russian at Indiana University and in Russia. UN MEETING U Thant, left, acting United Nations secretary general, is shown with Vasily V. Kuznetsov, after that period will depend on Soviet deputy foreign minister, at the UN in New the situation at that time. York Monday. Kuznetsov is Khrushchev's emissary on the Cuban situation. (AP Wirephoto) U Thant Confers With Red Envoy UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) Thant conferred Monday night with Premier Khrushchev's special envoy amid indications hat the Acting Secretary-.Gener- al's negotiations on the Cuban crisis were going smoothly. Thant met for a second time with Vasily V. Kuznetsov, first leputy Soviet foreign minister, on he eve of Thant's departure Tues- day morning for Cuba and talk with Prime Minister Fidel Castr n steps to get Soviet missiles ou jf Cuba. Thant met also during the day vith U.S. and Cuban representa ives. The U.N. released a letlei Tiant sent to Khrushchev Sun ay in which he expressed belie situation in the Caribbean rea would be normalized when missiles are removed and the ases dismantled under U.N. sup rvision as agreed to by Khrush chev. Thant is going to Havana in a U.N.-chartered Brazilian airliner with a team of 29 U.N. officials and military experts. He plans to stay two or three days. His task was admittedly a deli' cate win Castro's approv- al for formulas Thant worked oul here in conjunction with U.S. and Soviet officials. Thant's first meeting Monday morning with Kuznetsov lasted two hours. The U.N. announced there had jeen a new exchange of messages between Thant and President Ken- nedy but declined to release the text. Informed sources said Thant ing, and that the Soviet delegai came up with "constructive sug gestions about practical steps fo the implementation of agreemen already reached with the aim settling the crisis over Cuba." Thant met also with Cuban Am bassactor Mario Garcia-Inchausti gui, who told Thant his visit t Havana is most welcome. He sai sought approval from Kennedy to convey to Castro the president's >ledge not to invade Cuba, and temedy agreed. Kuznetsov's second meeting with Thant lasted only a half lour. An earlier meeting ran two ours. A U.N. spokesman who was present said it was a good meet- Raul Primelles, permanent V.fi. Cuba's deput representative would accompany Than! on tn Havana flight. Tliant also met Monday with U.S. Chief Delegate Adlai E Stevenson and John J. McCloy, a veteran U.S. troubleshooter wh is chairman of President Ken nedy's newly appointed three-man coordinating committee on the Cuban crisis. Die other two members are Undersecretary of State George W. Ball and Deputy Secretary o Defense Roswell L. Giipatric. Pro-Casfro Plot Exposed in Chile SANTIAGO, Chile ac cidental explosion exposed Mon day a plot by pro-Castro terrorists to attack the U.S. Embassy am other places in 'Santiago. A small band of pro-Commu- nists, rounded up after a blast n a downtown apartment, where a home made bomb was beinj prepared, led police to a cache of explosives and bundles of Ce-n- The blockading U.S. warships meanwhile will remain on station at sea. White House press secretary Pi- erre Salinger told newsmen he does not know why U Thant hac requested the lifting of the quar- antine, which was imposed lasl Tuesday. It seemed a good guess that U Thant believes this ges- ture would smooth his way in dis- cussions with Castro, who has no! indicated any wholehearted ap- proval of Khrushchev's decision Neither the White House nor the Defense Department made any mention of the U.S. aerial sur- veillance of the Soviet missile )ases which can determine wheth- er the orders Khrushchev report- ed giving are being carried out. The lifting of the quarantine, even on a temporary basis, was at least a partial reversal of the requently stated U.S. position that it would not change its pres- ent course until given solid evi- dence that the orders to disman- le the bases and remove the veapons are being executed. In fact, however, the announced uspension of the quarantine was argely a gesture since both the State and Defense Departments lave said that as of Sunday there were no Soviet ships within two r three days' sailing time of the >lockade area. And, as far as is cnown, only Soviet ships have been sed to carry the critical often ive weapons to the islands. A few ships of other es were reported near the quar- antine zone Monday night, includ- ng two Turkish vessels reportec munist and pro-Cuban literature. Armando Caspar Gomez, 25, a :tudent making the bomb, was eriously hurt when it exploded. Three other persons, including a woman, were arrested later. Police said they found a list of ilaces marked for bombings, in- luding the U.S. Embassy, U.S. wned firms and Chilean govern- ment buildings. More on Cuba, Pg. 3, 11-A made will not be developed before whether flights were made Sun- day, from which pictures presum- ably would have been available Monday. Prior to this announcement, both the Pentagon and White House had persistently turned aside questions about whether there is evidence that the report- ed orders by Khrushchev are or are not being carried out. This stirred speculation that here is as yet no evidence that Khrushchev's orders are being carried out and that the admint- stration is reluctant to acknow edge this lest such an announce- ment endanger diplomatic nego- tiations for U.N.-supervised re- moval of the nuclear rockets. While naval blockaders marked ime on station in the Caribbean, J.S. diplomats continued work- ng out arrangements for U.N. inspection of the removal of So- viet missiles and jet bombers. Goldsboro Man Killed In Mishap TUSCOLA lughes, 34, he Goldsboro (RNS) Linard a resident of Community to kz carrying cargoes of wheat rom Russia. Earlier Monday, the United tates brushed aside a Castro de- mand that this nation give up its "uban naval base at Guantanamo, and continued aerial reconnais- sance over the island while main- taining the naval quarantine. Meanwhile, there was no an- iwer to the key question of since moving to the state. hether the orders the Soviet -arfer announced are being car- ed out. The Defense Department Mon- ay afternoon announced that ae- al reconnaissance flights were ade over Cuba and "all aircraft turned safely." But Assistant Secretary of De- nse Arthur Sylvester told a ws conference that pictures! 353, was fatally injured late Sun- ay night near Ballinger when he was struck by a passing motorist. The accident happened about p.m. about 4 miles north- ast of Ballinger on Farm-to- larket Highway 382. Justice of the Peaco Earl ope of Ballinger ruled the death accidental. Driver of the vehicle which hit iughes was C. W. Hendricks of iallinger. Kenneth Wilson, highway atrolman, investigated the acci- ent and said Hughes was ap- arently killed instantly. Funeral will be held Tuesday at p.m. in the Lawn Church of Christ, with Richard Bobbins of- ficiating. Burial will be in the Tuscola Cemetery, under the di- rection of Fry Funeral Home. Pallbearers will be Jerry Don Wills, James Richards, Doyle Heffey, Billy George Moore, C. L Reid, J. D. Allridge. Born Aug. 18, 1928 in Marietta, Okla., he was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Hughes of Marietta. He lived most of his life in Mari- etta until moving to the Goldsbo- 'o area. He had worked for drilling con- tractors in the West Texas area Survivors include his wife; two sons, Douglas and Michael of the lome; his parents; four sisters, ilrs. Estlene Stucky, Mrs. Doro- thy Clifton and Mrs. Ruby Ladd- ner, all of Marietta, Okla., and Urs. Genita Harmon of Oklaho- ma City; four brothers, Winston, !rnest, and Austin, all of Marietta, and Robert of Admore, 3kla. Cuban Exiles Eye Freedom Invasion By LANE TALBURT Reporter-Newt Stall Writer Sign-carrying Cuban exiles on downtown Abilene during the evening rush hour Mon- day, appealing for a United States the Communist- OkitiMrin SICTION A 2 Oil mwi 10 SICTION I UrtWrlh 11 TV Seen Ro.Ke.TV invasion of controlled isle. Without a single incident to mar the sidewalk demonstration, the mlicc-escorted group of some 25 inarched two abreast along a tour-block route from the Windsor Hotel to the Reporter' News. In front of the newspaper office, the Cuban: presented a letter for publication asking President Ken- nedy to send troops themselves Included _ Into their homeland to "free which mtrfo out in despair for help." Among the Spanish-speaking clan were a former sergeant in the Cuban army under ex-Dictator Batista, a bank teller, a school teacher, construction company owner and a college student. Sev- eral have been in Abilene less than two weeks. Their signs prepared mass meeting Sunday night read "Russians Get Out of "America for Ameri- "Kennedy Firm and Onward, Invasion After Block- and "Invasion Today Is Possible, For Tomorrow It May Be Too Late." One particular sign seemed to express the of the men mu, n. II-A, CUBAN EXILES SEEK MILITARY INTERVENTION IN PARADE Mlvtr InrMloi prepoul (o ;