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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 26, 1944, Abilene, Texas UNITED WAR CHEST Total Quota........... Subscribed............. Shortage "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 130 A TEXAS amU, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 26, 1944 -FOURTEEN PAGES Associated era, (AP) Vnitta Presi PRICE FIVE CENTS FLEET CRUS Navy Wins Decisive Sea i Kinkaid Slugs It Out With fwo Nip Forces By C. YATES McDANIEL SEVENTH FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Philippines, Thursday, Oct. lost the first and possibly the decisive, round in an all-out battle assault on the Philip- pines line the American advance toward their home islands. This occurred early yesterday morning when -Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kinkaid's outnumbered fleet battered and put to rout -Japanese battle iorces converging on Leyte gulf. Complete results are lacking as the action is continuing with planes from. Kinkaid's hurt but still fighting carrier .force hitting the surviving enemy warships as they are re tiring westward through the straits south of invaded Leyte The fate of the American Army ashore at Leyte hung .in a precarious balance for an hour Wednesday morning as Kinkaid executed his daring decision to take on two attacking enemy forces at once with his outnumbered fleet. The admiral threw half his battleships and a strong flotilla of patrol torpedo boats against the enemy force Steaming into Leyte gulf from the southwest. Other American battleships went to the support of Ad- miral Kinkaid's carrier force, whicli already was under heavy attack off .Samar island by a Japanese fleet led by at least four battleships and a heavy cruiser. This fleet hac many, destroyers. j After 25 minutes of broadside exchange and closely pressed destroyer strikes, the Japanese forces, which ap- proached gfrom 'the southwest "began withdrawing, leaving one Yamashiro class battleship abandoned and sinking and several cruisers and destroyers sunk. The Americans lost only, a few patrol torpedo boats. Some larger vessels were'damaged.. oth'eiy.ba.ttleship'_ force .reached the critically threatened, carriers "just in Kinkdid's'-owri'carrieFplaries" heavily damaged three battleships and three cruisers and the battered remnants of the enemy'retired to the Battle Seen As Greatest Sea Conflict GROUND FORCE ON LEYIE TURE VITAL CENTER TAH tar GENERAL MacAETHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Leyte, Philip- pines, Thursday, Oct. American ground forces have swept to the. northern end of Leyte island, where Japanese rorces "are disin- tegrating." and have captured Bu- rauen, vital communications center in Leyte valley, a communique re- ported today. The American landing on adja- cent Samar island was confirmed. T a n k -1 e d Duue'nboys pushed through rain and mud in a general advance along the entire I.eyte front, while naval and aerial war- fare raged near the island. A Japanese night counter-at- tack on the ground the communique re- ported. A large-scale daylight aerial assault on American shipping in Leyte gulf wr.s turned back Tuesday when car- rier fishlcrs broke up the at- tacking formations. Fifty-three Japanese planes were ihbt down In dogfights and three others were destroyed by anti-air- craft fire. In shore-to-shore movements, ele- ments of the 10th Corps Jumped to Samar island and also secured the northern end of Leyte, landing at Uvam and Babtngon. This maneu- ver gave the Americans control of San Juanico strait. The Americans have swept 20 miles north of Tacloban, the Island's recaptured capital. Elements, of .the 24th Corps cap- tured Burauen, nine miles from Lulag, where main roads through Leyte valley meet. The Americans previously overran San Pablo and its cluster of adjacent airfields. Capture of Burauen gave the Americans control of the south- cm end of Leyte valley, where they are attempting to bottle up Japanese troops, and fur- nishes a new springboard for a northward drive. Forward patrols and armored units of the 7th Division are fan- ning out to the north from San Pablo toward Dagaml, another im- portant road juncture nearly in the center of .the north-south highway running through the valley. Meanwhile, elements of the 9Gth Division -were advancing from Tanghas, a coastal town nine miles north of Dulag. They have en- veloped strong Japanese positions in Catmon hills and are approach- ing Tabdntabon, an inland river town little' more than four miles southeast of Dagami. NEW YORK, Oct. engagement, between United State and Japanese naval forces" off th Philippines was probably the greal est sea engagement in history in il array of striking airplane and-surface firepower of the unit involved. Earlier naval battles In Worl War 2 include: Dec. 12, Admlra Graf Spee mortally damaged in 14 hour, running battle with thre British cruisers off Montevideo Uruguay. Five days later the bat tleship was scuttled by its crew rather than resume fighting out side the zone of Uruguayan neu trality. May 24, 1941 British battle Cruiser Hood sunk with magazin hit by German battleship Bismarck between Grccnrand and Iceland British, with scouting planes and 'pursuing force of 14 ships, overtook Bismarck May 27 about 400 miles of Brest and her with aeria bombs and guns and torpedo fire. Dec. 7, with 105 carrier-based bombers, attacked 86 United States fleet units at Pear Harbor. Five battleships: and num- erous lighter craft heavily damaged Dec. 10, battleships Prince cf wiles and Repulse sunk by Japanese aircraft off Malaya. March. 2-3., of Bis- marck sfca; in; which TJ. S. land- based' aircraft'-arid' naval' unite eahfc or. damaged all of a force o'f 10 "Japanese cruisers' and destroyers ahd 12 .transports, with estimated loss of Japanese troops. May 4-9, of Cora sea, in which Japanese lost aircrajl carrier, a heavy cruiser, -a light cruiser, two destroyers and four and suffered damages to six other vessels, includirp a heavy cruiser and an aircraft carrier. The U.- S'. lost the aircraft carrier Lex- destroyer Sims and a tanker. June 3, of an engagement entirely restricted ,o air attack on opposing fleet units. Japanese lost four aircraft carriers, ;wo heavy cruisers, three destroy- a transport and 275 aircraft. Three Japanese battleships, two leavy cruisers, a light cruiser and three transports damaged. U. S. ost carrier Ycfktown and destroyer Hammann, and an estimated 50 ilanes. Nov. of Solomons In which U. S. naval forces defeated Japanese seeking to reinforce Guad- alcanal, inflicting loss of battleship, hree heavy cruisers, two light cruisers, five destroyers and 10 ransports, plus 75 aircraft. U: S. osses, two cruisers and seven de- itroyers. Dec. 26, Battleship Sharnhorst sunk with of crew n Murmansk route after engage- ment v.'ith British home fleet units See SEA BATTLES, Page 3, Col, 4 ROAD-TO BERLIN Western Front: 301 miles (from vest, of upslan Front: 310 miles (from Italian Front: 558 miles (from oiith of SOVIETS INVADE NORWAY, CAPTURE PRIZED PORT By The Associated Press Russian icrces have invaded nor- thern Norwaj1 with the official con- sent of the Norwegian government and have captured 30 towns, includ ing the prized Barents sea port of Kirkeries, while driving an esti- mated Nazis' before them, it was announced last night. Other Red army forces.completed the conquest of the Germans announced the Soviets had launched a powerful .new', of- fensive between Warsaw and east Prussia. A' Mcscow communique listed 13 more towns captured by Russian forces storming forward some 20 miles inside east Prussia. Kirkenes, center of a rich iron mining district, was the German's most valuable, port in the far north. German forces were reeling back along a 15-mile front In Holland under'a lashing atfacjc by Lt. Gen. Sir Miles C. Demji- sey's British Second army. In a six-mile smash at the left flank the" British drove within less than two miles of Tilburg, a Ger- man defense basticn'12 miles south- west of '8 Hertogenbosch, and flcli dispatches said there were indica tjons the mauled Nazi forces wer being pulled out of all southwestern Holland. Bitter street fighting ragei through a second day inside 'S Her togeribosch, with the British at las report holding about half the bi communications center. The ene my's escape highways have beei cut both north and south of th city. The American-held sections o the western front were exceptionally quiet.' Upwards of heavy bomber attacked German oil refineries freight yards and industries. British troops in Italy advanced three miles along the Adriatic coast ASF DIRECTOR PRAISES CAMP BARKELEY PARLEY Fifth Training Conference of tin Army Service forces under .way a Camp Barkeley, has been a decided iuccess, said- Maj. Gen. -Walter L Veible, military t-rahiini Service Force's, last nigh chamber of commerce -at the erie, country.'.club for nearly. 200 officers attending- the conference. The general made no reference to umors circulated- by .'civilians in ibilene that this conference might lave some effect upon how long Jamp Berkeley might be in Abi- ene, but he said this: "We do not know. how many roops. we will have after the fight- Tg is ended. If we know how many Spanish Press Accuses Russia LONDON, Oct. 25 The ightly-coritrolled Spanish press ac- used Russia today of attempting o incite rebellion in Spain and the verthrcw of the' regime of Gen- ralissimo Francisco Franco. With clashes between Spanish re- ublican guerrillas and Franco's orces continuing, the concern in Jadrid over the possibility that the jrisins might develop into a full- edged civil war was reflected in le government-dominated press. Press dispatches accused Russia, :econded by extremist papers in any democratic of arting a campaign make rela- cns between the Spanish govern- ent and the Allies Impossible." The Berlin radio reported "heavy attlrs" already had been fought' in atalonia and added that, although forces had succeeded In ushing republican troops back into ranee the menace to the general-' Issimo's regime remains, with fur- er clashes on a large scale still ossible. men we will have In the army we would know how many camps wi would need. When we know whethei universal military Is to be I am heartily in to nibnt was made regarding the mat- ter, it was learned, that this-train- Ing conference has- nothing to do with creation, closing or enlarge- ment, of camps.- U Is- purely a con- ference on training of troops In the Army Service Forces. The conference will continue through today..' General Weible declared at the beginning of the conference that its purpose was: "To review and discuss incident to the. operation of the 1944 Army Service Forces training plans, and to acquaint the officers responsible for'the conduct of itary training at Army Service Forces Training Centers and Spe- cial Service schools, with future training plans." The Weather U. 5. DEFAHT31E.VT OF COMMERCE WEATHER niJREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY: Partly oudy Thursday' and Friday. Not much lanrjr in temperature. EAST TliXAS: Fair, not much ohanRc temperature Thursday, through Krl- 'iVFST TFXAS: I'arlly Houtiy with scattered Et Pain area and ncnd country Thursday and Pccos valley. westward Friday.. Otherwise continued fair weather, not much change in temperature. TEMPERATURES s. U'rd. TUPS. HOL'R P.M. Enemy Handed Crushing Defeat, MacArthur Tells WASHINGTON, Oct. Imperial Japanese fleet, which raced out of its hiding places to prevent a massive challenge to American liberation of the Philippines, has been defeated, heavily-, damaged, and put to flight in what may be one of the decisive naval battles of all time, a series of historic announcements declared to- night. A message from Adm. William F. Holsey to President Roosevelt said that the enemy has been "defeated, seriously damaged and routed." Fragmentary reports filtering in from other sources present- ed this picture: Five Japanese battleships damaged, with some possibly sunk. An aircraft carrier sunk. Several cruisers and destroyers sunk and others badly damaged. (A dispatch from C. Yates Press war correspondent at Seventh Fleet headquarters, said the Japanese left one Yamasiro class battleship abandoned aail- sinking. There are two ships of this class, the Yamasiro, built in 1914 and 1915. They are tons and carry 14-inch guns.) American losses so far made public were the light car- rier Princeton, an escort carrier, and several P. T. boats sunk and a number of planes lost, several escort carriers and destroyers damaged. It was obvious, however that so much of the full story, remained to be told that these tabulations would undergo extensive revision. ADM. THOMAS KINKAID Defeats Two Forces 53 01 52 51 1.. ;i "7 .....11, .....12... 74 SO and llleh lim i and 12. Sujiirl Ijsl nfjbl: Sunrise thin morning: Sunset tonight: date last yeai OFFICERS READY TO WITNESS BATTLE-Offleer, of the Army Scr- battle conditions by jeep Tuesday. Here the jeeps are lined up. ready for vice Command, conferring at .Camp Barkeley, traveled to the hills to see the journey, with officers riding in procession accordine to rank. Superforfs Blast.Omura A u. s. B-29 "BASE IN WEST SHINA. Oct. Maj. Gen. lurtls Lcmay said tonight a strong orce of U. S. Superfortresses had Jade a "highly successful" assault n Japan's Omura airbnse on Kyu- ni island, and returning pilots said he target area had been perfectly atterned by high explosives and in- endlnries. Striking agnln at the root of j Japan's ability to conduct an war. the B-29's plastered one of the enemy's most important aircraft assembly plants, leaving behind pil- lars of smoke nnd flame which bil- lowed 15.000 feet into the sky, The War department announced in Washinctcm that one of the biK bombers failed io return. Col. W. H. nlanchard. of Chebpa, Mtvs.. group commander In lire first clement over the tared, said the objective was pin-pointed. "If Tokyo Rose says we missed the objective. Ilirohlto's ancestors ought to be fuming In thoir gruvcs tonight for he said. Crews reported fighter opposi- tion of varying Intensity. A majori- ty said the Japanese fighters stayed from 1.500 to yards away, re- fusing to close in. Others, however, -said Interceptors were bolder than ever before in harrylnR the flanks of the fight Superfortress forma- tions. Witfi one enemy ship shot down as it attempted to ram Its] tared. Anti-aircraft, fire was moderate hut more accurate than usual, and several planes returned with fluk holes. QWLpjiclied up a special statement, from General Douglas. transmitted by the signal corps, which said: "The Japanese Navy has received its most crushing de- feat of the war. Its future efforts can only be on a dwindling scale." If ba'tfle of the Philippines.may be ranked in this as was. the battle of Jutland in World War 1, as the decisive'naval engagement of the conflict. Immediate results for the United States certainly were an easing of the problem of maintaining and supplying the Rround forces in the perhaps the opening of the way, without any serious enemy naval challenge, to the east const of China. As first word of the American disaster at Pearl Harbor came from The White House, so also came an announcement of the Japanese defeat. President Roosevelt called reporters to his office at p. m. and'gave them this announcement: "The president received today a report from Admiral Halscy that the Japanese navy in the Philippine area has been defeated, seriously damaged and routed by (lie United Slates Navy in Dial area." Although Admiral Halsey referred to the enemy navy in "the Philippine Admiral Ernest J. King, commander- in-chicf of the fleet, already had told reporters that this apparently included "practically all of the Japanese fleet." Obviously elated, the president told'reporters the news of the Japanese defeat had just reached him through the Navy department and his military chief of staff, D. Leahy, Adm. William a "ash. And it Is a flash, he added. Sis reporters were on duty in The Sitting in shirt sleeves before n j White House news room when pres- desk piled with work, Mr. Roose- j "Initial Secretary Stephen Early vrll first said he had called Hiem Ior lhml to nmtle into In because he wanted to give (hem Scr JAP FLEET, Page 3. Col. 1 USS Texas Going Back into Action HOUSTON, Oct. 25-m- The Invy announced today the U. S. S. Tcxns, flagship of a U, S. battle- ship division Including I he U. 3. S. Nevada and the U. S. S. nrkan- s, was being refitted nt the New York Navy yard nnd would return ,o active duty soon. The fmnouncemcnl said the biit- leslilp continued Io r.ur) shel'K at the Gcnunn.s nff Cher- bourg even after her conning tnw- cr was hit by a German battery. 'This Is th' town my nanpy told me about." ;