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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - October 22, 1944, Abilene, Texas ^ UNITED WAR CHEST Total Quota...............$67,786 Subscribed ................$51,793 Cfje Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS GOES.’-Ruo n MOHNING VOL. LXIV, NO. 126 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 22, 1944-THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Pre** (AP) United Press (U.P.f PRICE FIVE CENTS Leyte Cities r FOR Asks U. S. Peace Force “ ^ Pre-Pledged to Halt Warlord nSvei LONDON, Sunday, Oct. 22 -(AP)— Powerful Russian RECEIVES CERTIFICATE — Pvt. Francis Dupras is being presented a high school diploma from St. Joseph academy by fie Rev. Henry Felderhoff, pastor of the Sacred Heard Catholic church. Private Dupras received three weeks of review at the academy, and by arrangements through Camp Barkery and school officials, was graduated. WOUNDED GI GRADUATED FROM ABILENE ACADEMY Pvt. Francis Dupras, a patient at. Dupras to *rork for his diploma the Camp Barkery regional hog-1 while receiving treatment. The pital annex, received his high school service works on a theory that a diploma at St. Joseph’s academy | planned program for mind and body Saturday after a thr«-w«k.< re-    hour.    of    duty    by    return- fresher course in three subjects. 0 Daniel, Hill-Billy Band And All Coining lo Abilene in 50 miles southeast of imperilled Budapest yesterday, ines bv reaching the Danube 87 miles south of the Hungarian capital in an outflanking drive AUSTIN, Oct. 21—</P)—Tile Tex- Rose a as Regulars announced today that warbled and twanged guitars the familiar and potent voice of through four major successful cam-Sen. W. I zee O’Daniel and the paigns will tour the state during equally well-known notes of his the inst two weeks of the cam-hillbilly band will be raised in the paign. wide open spaces of this state in Th* statewide swing will start The reconditioning service, with J officials from the academy and Tom McGehee, county superintend-ft. made it possible for Private U-Boats Resume Atlantic Patrol LONDON, Oct. 21—HP*—Some German U-Boats are once more op--.witing along the Atlantic sea icfr.es to Britain in a resurgence of submarine warfare, first lord of the Admiralty A. V. Alexander disclosed todav. The British Navy chief also decried that a British battleship cariole of tackling the entire Japanese Navy had started toward the Pacific, elaborating an earlier announcement by Prime Minister Churchill that “a large portion" of such a fleet already was gathered ha the Indian ocean. •Alexander disclosed the new' submarine menace in reporting arrival lr, Britain from North America of the largest convoy in history, without loss. The convoy was composed of 167 -ships, covered an area of snarly 26 square miles and carried more than one million tons of food and war equipment. Only one “very cautious’’ U-Boat was reported near the convoy and f-the admiralty does not fear greatly any attempt by the enemy to ^nri submarines in strength back to underseas raids. Alexander said. But he added bluntly that, although “super-optimists" had called t h e war against U-boats won, “they were wrong.” ft General Review Of War Foreseen ^VASHINGTON. Oct. 21.—(/Pl— The rush trip of Ambassador W. Averell Harriman from Moscow to Washington today foreshadowed a general review of European problems by President Roosevelt and ft state department. Harriman reached Washington this morning after a 57-hour plane trip from Moscow. His return caused speculation that Ambassador John G Winant In "•Vian also would Ive brought home to join in the consultations. Winant and Harriman were both here last May and the envoy to London said at that time that he might return in the fall. JThe results of the Churchill--Wiin conference concluded this week in Moscow focused attention on Polish and Balkan questions as those most likely to come up for urgent discussion. There were some Indications, however, that the condores might cover virtually the whole field of European affairs. ing the soldier to his job faster and in better shape than before. Credit for subjects taught by Private Dupras in St. Joseph school, Bertheirville, Quebec, Canada, were allowed through efforts of McGehee, and with reviews of courses in algebra, English and American literature, over which examinations were given, he was isued a seertifi-cate. Private Dupras spent about seven years in Canada, attending St. Joseph school. He entered the Army in June and while in training at Camp Wolfers, received ,a knee injury for which he is being treated here. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. Dupras, live at Adams, Mass. NKW YORK Oct 21 —(AP)— President Roosevelt called tonight for a world peace council with an American representative pre-endowed by Congress to place American forces in the pathway of future aggressions. In an address at a Foreign Policy association dinner at the Waldorf Astoria the thief executive said also that a Republican victory would toss congressional leadership to inveterate isolationists” who are not “reliable custodians” of American foreign policy in a world which requires international cooperation to preserve peace. Mr Roosevelt said a projected council of the United Nations, proposed by the urn-Ka,-inn 'n*agreement, must have the power to act quickly and decisively to keep peace and also cut Nazi escape Ii .   —    "..........""    k,»    reanlimrt    tho    lKnnbo bv force if need be. “It is clear,” he asserted, “that, if the world organization is to have any reality at all, our representative must be endowed in advance by the people themselves, by constitutional means through their representatives in the co™* gress, with authority to act. Mr Roosevelt sn Id “a question of the men who will formulate and carry out a foreign policy of this country is in issue in this election —very much in issue. It is in issue not in terms of partisan application but in terms of sober, solemn facts—the facts that are on the record. "If the Republicans were to win control of the congress in this election inveterate isolationists would occupy positions of commanding influence and power.’’ Regarding the administrations foreign policy. Mr. Roosevelt pledged post-war Germany would be shorn ot every “single element of military power —of or potential military power" and “stern punishment" for war leaders responsible for th® “agony of mankind." He asserted, also, that the administration had no unconstitutional secret commitments in foreign relations. "After my return from Teheran." Mr. Roosevelt said. "I stated officially that no secret commitments had been made. The issue then is between my veracity and the continuing assertion of those who have nj responsibility in the foreign field—or, perhaps I should say, a field foreign to them.” After the end of a day which saw him campaigning through the raiti for the millions of votes New York City will cast Nov. 7. the Taken Japs Fold Brutality To Draw Punishment GENERAL Mac.ARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS. Philip* pines. Sunday, Oct. 22 —(AP)— American invasion forces on Leyte in the central Philippines, penetrating four miles in-land along an IS mile front, have captured two airfields, the , D    „    i capital city of Taclohan, the town of Dulag and won control 5” across1 Hungary^ vita! °l ■    to inland KU of the archipelago, head- Tisza river defense line with- SU*Ber* 300000^^0 a>.^ ^ y,nk hfmds as potential bases from which Army planes can expand the air coverage now provided by carrier aircraft, were overrun near Facloban and Dulag.    .... Today’s communique, issued on the third day of invasion, suggested that the constant air and naval fire of the Ameri* aimed ar’eTOsinTinto^the «•»"' P1"5 «**    «»«'    of reinforcements are turning the -    ^    estimated 20,000 Japanese on Leyte into bewildered, disor- westcrn half of the tottering Axis satellite nation.    ganized groups. Berlin in a broadcast late '    enemy    is last night meanwhile said the showing signs of a Russians had broken through maneuverable cohesion in J already lack of behalf of their anti-Roosevelt pres idential electors. The white-domed sound truck with its stage from which Little Caesar and Klondike, Ezra, Texas Rule GI Killed In Italy Battle RULE, Oct. 21 —(SpD—Pvt. Billy Yarborough, 19. only son of Mr and Mrs. Bill Yarborough, this city, was killed in action in Italy, October 3, the war department has notified his parents. No details were given the parents in the terse war department message announcing their son's death. Young Yarborough was born here March 16, 1925. and was a 1942 graduate of the local high school. Before entering service last year he was employed as bookkeeper at the Rule Jayton Cotton Oil mill. Yarborough trained at Camp Wolters and was sent overseas about six months ago. landing in nd the Texas songbird have lo (Fie Cioldap-Gumbinnen highway, from IO to 18 miles inside German east Prussia, and that the battles on that front “surpass anything previously seen on the eastern front.” Axis radio commentators had said earlier the Russians were at least 15 miles inside East. Prussia, Tuesday at. Wichita Falls, said Merritt H Gibson, campaign manager for the Regulars who describe themselves as the anti-Roosevelt portion of the Democratic party in Texas For the first, time, ODan-iel and his hillbilly musicians will be in a presidential campaign. The wind-up of the long. bitter fight between pro-anri anti-Roose- Warsaw' veil Democrats cast Texas' Junior and senior senators In opjpos roles. While O'Danlel will be making two speeches a day. senior Sen. Topi ColmaUy will speak ati p"' Houston( the night of Oct. 25 in1 behalf of the Roosevelt-Truman ticket and at Dallas the night of Oct. 28 TI e Dallas date was changed from Ort 27. face of the skillful attacks of our local commanders." said MacArthur of a foe he particularly wanted to get at because they were the Nipponese who tortured the Americans and Filipinos at Bataan. As success was scored by the largest, Invasion army vet massed in the Pacific ocean areas. Gen. Douglas ROAD TO BERLIN Western I rom: 302 miles § c I— west of Duren >. Russian front: 310 miles (from Warsaw'. Italian front: 558 miles (from south of Bologna*. front to IOO miles on the eastern sud northeastern sides of East Major Cutbacks Fail to Develop WASHINGTON, Oct. 21 —HR-Big cutbacks In war production— foreseen as an employment and morale problem this fall—have failed to materialize in anything like expected volume and no major cuts now' are in sight before victory in Europe. War production hoard figures revealed today that 85.000 employes of prime contractors have been displaced by cutbacks since June 15, or fewer than one in one thousand war workers. Lay-off figures here however, do not show what the impact might be on subcontractors. Official sources said that if the fighting in Europe runs deep in 1944 “more and more runouts"— contracts completed and not renewed will take place Tills would mean a gradual tapering-off next year, so that V-dav would bring a smaller industrial dislocation than th* 40 percent slash now' officially predicted. In the four months since the armed services began reporting cutbacks through WPB’s production executive committee staff, it was disclosed, those large enough to be reported have numbered 800,—representing armament cuts of about $980,000,000. Fewer than a dozen, however, have had serious repercussions on employment in the cities involved, and in many cases th» lay-offs experted by Washington authorities d4o not take place or were substantially lower than estimated. -----North Africa. He later was trans- president dealt point-by-point with ferrpcj to Italy and was with the criticism leveled at administration pjftti Army when killed, foreign policies by Gov. Thomas E. Dewey. But not once did he speak Dewey’s name. But there was no mistaking his meaning when he remarked: "These days—and I am now speaking of October, 1944—I hear voices on the air attacking me for my ‘failure’ to prepare this nation for this war and to warn the American people of the approaching tragedy. “These same voices were not so very audible five years ago —or even four years ago—giving warning of the grave peril which we then faced.” Mr. Roosevelt asserted that America and her allies are ‘‘entirely agreed that we shall not bargain with the Nazi conspirators." or leave them a shred of open or secret control of instruments of go\eminent. Nor. he said, will they be left a single element of military power or potential military power German people, he pledged, will not be enslaved, but there will be stein punishment for those in Germany "directly responsible for this agony of mankind." This, apparently, the chief exe- See FI)R, page 8, col. I Los Angeles Blast Kills 5, Hurts IOO Survivors besides the parents include a sister, Sherrie Lynn. Weather Assists Crops of Texas AUSTIN. Oct. 21— G7PD — Open weather following good rains have permitted active field work and promoted growth of commercial vegetables in Texas winter crop areas, the United States department of agriculture reported today. Progress was satisfactory throughout the first half of the month. Conditions in the important coastal bend non-irrigated district were generally favorable, with good progress in preparing the land and a considerable acerage of hardy vegetables planted. A limited commercial area southwest of San Antonio was becoming too dry for growing crops and planting has been curtailed but irrigated crops in this district were in good condition. Sub-soil moisture was plentiful in most areas and temperatures have favored seed germinations. Growing crops were progressing nicely: snap beans, eggplant, pep- -on- Escaped Prisoners Still Uncaptured Tw'o German prisoners of war who escaped the Camp Barkelev stockade Friday night were still at large last night. Tile men are Johann Zimmer-mann and George Grosu, both dressed in khaki or blue denim PW clothing. LOS ANGELES. Oct. 21 The Navy announced tonight that at least five men were killed and more than IOO injured some critically, when a landing vessel was shattered today by an explosion which set fire to three similar craft and spread to a dock Two hours after the blast, which occurred at Las Angeles harbor, the fire was still being battled by city firemen and coast guaid and naval equipment. A Navy spokesman said it was believed nearly under control. The spokesman said fixe bodies had been recovered, all believed Navy personnel. "We can’t lose now,” Gibson Raid. "The Texas Regulars consider victory in the bag. Every one is familiar with Senator O’Daniel’s valiant fight against the Neaw Deal bureaucrats. He has been fighting for four years and it is only natural for him to align himself with our cause in Texas where the balance of power in the final outcome of the national election will lie. “Senator O’Daniel is a real Democrat who believes In the Jeffersonian principles of the party." Gibson announced O Daniels affiliation at a meeting of the Regulars’ executive committee and electors. He said the junior senator. along with his musicians and sound truck would open at Wichita Falls Tuesday at 8 pm. He also announced plans for the individual electors to stump their own districts in their own behalf in a "whirlwind finish” to the campaign. Following the Wichita Falls appearance, O’Daniel will speak at Childress, Amarillo. Lubbock, Bir Spring, San Angelo. Abilene, Brownwood, and Fort Worth. He will begin a swing from the Gulf to the Oklahoma line the following week, starting at Corpus Christi. Gibson said details of the Itinerary would be announced next week. Connolly to Speak In Dallas Oct. 27 DALLAS, Oct. 21—GF) W. H Kittrell Jr., secretary of the state democratic executive committee, said today that Sen. Tom Connally would speak to a Democratic campaign rally in Dallas the night of pers, and squash are becoming Oct. 28 instead of Oct 27 as had available in increased volume, ann b,rn announced orlginallv. prospective tomato production ta    rh about a week earlier than usual. Planting of beets, carrots, cab- *1 because "we were unable to get bag®, and spinach was active in all | radio time for Senator Connally areas. Favorable early season mois- Oct. 27.” ture conditions pointed to considerable acreage of hardy type vege- fvSOn SqVS PoDDV tables being planted earlier than    WI usual, bit delayed soil preparation hitting Mourns I and intermittent rains resulted in Tank-tipped Soviet spearheads were within 25 miles of Insterburg. rail and road junction only 50 miles east of Komgsberg, the capital. By hulling In fresh troops the Red army forced the Germans to retreat to unspecified "fortified positions" farther inside Germany, said one broadcast by Col. Ernest Von Hammer. The Goldap-Gumhlnnen highway was reached somewhere north of the Rominter Heide, a state game forest, and Ber* and had expanded their attacking MacArthur solemnly warned Hie Japanese government and military leaders they would he held account-(from | nble fnr the tonnes at Bataan in 1942 and for any repetitions against either soldiers or civilians. Tile First Cavalry division which overran Tacloban airfield the first day of fighting surged into Tacloban Itself last night. The capture of Tacloban gave the Americana control of San Juaniro strait between L* tr and Ute Island of Samar. Both the airfield sod the capital city were abandoned by th® Japanese. Element* of the 96th division raptured Dulag, 20 miles south of Tacloban yesterday without difficulty, then heat off Japanese tanks before beginning a drive up the Leyte valley. Headquarters said the Japanese airforce has made more scattered attacks against some vessels of the 600-ship convoy which brought the massive force from Dutch New Guinea to the invasion scene. Because of effective attacks by | | carrier planes of the Seventh Fleet on enemy airfields in the VI say an and Lalawan islands, the Japanese air efforts against shipping in Pedro bay were restricted to sporadic sneak attacks. The victories in the Tacloban arca placed tho Yanks on the west shore of a strait leading to the Philippines inland sea. The captors of Dulag. part of the 24th corps, were forced to beat off a spirited japanese tank and infiltration counter-attack before resuming their push beyond that town. Six light enemy tanks spearheaded Japanese artillery and infantry in blows aimed at the ad- a limited early acerage being seeded. Some non - irrigated onion acreage was being planted and onion seed-beds were in good condition. The usual insect infestation was present in leafy vege-i table crops and some worm damage i to tomatoes was reported. WHAT ABILENE NEEDS The Repnrter-News believes that whenever the war ends—and there can easily be over-optimism about that—Abilene is going to have to he ready with something to replace the war-born business activity that it has had since 1940. Abilene people—men and women, old and young, rich and poor and middle-class—are being asked to write 300-word letters to the Reporter-News to express their thoughts on this question: What Abilene Needs! The first of these letters is presented today on page 8. It is hoped hundreds of people will use this open public forum to discuss community plans and problems. DALLAS. Oct. 21-<A’ Commenting on the announcement that. Sen. W. Lee O’Daniel, accompanied by his hill billy band, will makr a two weeks campaign in Texas, I hernias L. Tyson, chairman of the .speakers bureau for Roosevelt and Truman campaign, said: "It Is quite fitting that Senator O’Daniel should he the chief mourner at the political funeral of the Texas Regulars.’ Pioneer Dies FORT WORTH. Ort. 21    -    (/Pi - Miss Fannie Van Zandt, 76, member of a pioneer Fort Worth and Texas family and granddaughter of Dr Isaac Van Zandt, republic of Texas minister to the United States who negotiated the treaty annexing Texas to the union, died today in a local hospital. She had been ill for several years. lit! stressed the fury of the fighting “which reached a white heat of intensity with Russian artillery pouring shells on German positions like a hailstorm.” Moscow, in telling of the race acrose Hungary’s plains toward Budapest, still was silent on the five-day old drive on east Prussia, but an Associated Press correspondent in the capital said that “when the news finally is released it is expected to be sensational." The Soviet bulletin announced capture of 140 Hungarian towns and vil!ages. including Baja on the east bauk of the Danube 87 miles below the Magyar capital, Csongrad, on the western side of the Tisza 69 miles southeast of Budapest, and other localities in between. A Romanian communique, however. announced that Romanian and Russian troops were fighting stubbornly - resisting Germans near Azlon ok. onlv 50 miles from the capital, after crossing the Tisza. last natural defense line short of Budapest. A midnight Soviet bulletin said the Russians crossed th* Tisza river bv night, repulsing ail German attempts to stop them, and broke into Ccongrad. where an entire enemy regiment was wiped out. AP Head Demands Unhindered News CHICAGO, Oct. 21 — (/Pi — Kent Corper, executive director of the Associated Press, asserted today that an "unhindered flow of information” was necessary to preserve the postwar peace. He told the National Editorial association “none of the world organizations cr systems now being dts-cussed for the peace to come can passably succeed unless the first basic step Is taken to assure unhindered flow of informotion.” The Weather_ DETAR TMI NT OI COMMERCE WEA I HTR BIRI Al ARII I NI VMI VICINITY—l air Sun and MnndtaJ . I VSI TEXAS—lair Nunda- and Mon* da>; slightly « nol.i Sunriax in interior -\<rpt in nlrfmf north portion VV T^T TEXAS—lair Nunda- and Mon da'. Maiwr-r in I’anhandlr and South Blain* Nunda j . I EMT! RAI I RES Sat • f rl.    Sal.    -    I    ri X M    HOI    R    TM •V.    -    .VK ..... I      IS    - VI    -    SU .......*      I*    -    lh Cl    -    34      :<      7«    -    IO Cl    -    VV.....I      TI    -    VO 4H    -    va ...... A      VK    -    VO tv    -    VI ......«      VV    -    157 17    -    SI ---- 7      T.\    -    «4 IV    -    32      H      sa    -    «4 V.{    -    w ____ »      «>o    -    — .VI    -    VO    lo    .... .VI    -    — rev    -    r>4    11    so    -    — r.-i    -    fit;    I:    V7    -    — High and low temperature* to 9 P n VI    and VO. Kith and low same date last year: 87 and IS. sunset I J* «• t night 7 p m Sunrise this morning V IS p. rn. Sunset tonight. 7 p. rn. Yanks Push Along Past Aachen Ruin LONDON. Sunday, Oct. 22 — (AP)-— American troops struck swiftly last night following the unconditional surrender of Aachen, pushing approximately one mile eastward toward Duren, 24 miles away, from their positions rn the Wurselen area four miles north of Aachen. Thunderbolt fighter-bomb* ers ranged ahead of the American attack, showing leaflets and explosives on towns 1 along the highway. To th® northwest th® Canadian I First Army, with British aid, ad-j Tranced nine miles in the Dutch-Belgian border region in a drive to clear the Ehelde estuary so the Allies can use the great port cf Ant* werp. American troops near the Ger* man bor ler in the Netherlands advanced within 4,000 yards of an un-j identified hub near the Maa* iMeuse* river, and the British consolidated their positions southeast of Venray in secondary actions in this Important sector. Elsewhere no significant progresa was reported in the badly sodden front Direct air support was cut by rain to a minimum. The final surrender of Aachen, first large German city to fall lino Allied hands, was made by 800 Germans who violated Adolf Hitler’s “flght-to-the death" orders after being hammered into traps from which there was no escape from Lf. Gen. (ourtney ll Hodge*’ savagely-attacking First Army doughboys. It was the first formal surrender vancing columns American armor Qerman arms on German soil in suffered some damage before the foe was driven from gun positions and entrenchments they had re-oc-cupi^d. I he new- successes announced came after strong enemy positions, which included concrete pillboxes and prepared artillery positions urrr eliminated bt Infiltration to avoid the more costly frontal assaults. A short distance south of Tacloban. at Palo. where Fred Hampsnn, Associated Press war See PAC IFK', page 8. col. 6 Final Youth Center Plans Being Talked modern history. Tonight the German homefolk' still had not been (old of it by their propaganda ministry. Tile German colonel, a professional soldier named Gerhardt Wilck. made a theatrical show of his capitulation, marching his men out in perfect order in their best uniforms and with highly polished hoots. He first signed a paper omitting the unconditional surrender requirement. This the Americans refused to accept. Colonel Wilck, after some soulsearching. drew up and signed a new document of unconditional surrender, which he blamed on lack of ammunition and food He explained t lint he had hesitated for fear of reprisals against his family in Germany because he was disobeying his fuehrer's express orders to die on the spot. Later in a prisoner enclosure he w’ept without restraint Surrender of the rubble heap that is Aachen, leaving the Americans free to prosecute a drive towards Cologne. 40 miles away, was, for all its drama strategically less significant than the new Canadian assault to open the Schelde estuary In an offensive which field dispatches said gained nine See FR INC E, page 8. col. 3 Steering committee and student committee for the \outh recreation renter will meet Monday night to work out final plans for the opening of tile center Nev 15, Alricli Grav. chairman of the adult group, announced Saturday. "I have all hopes we will be able to make all final arrangements for (to "Allied supply ships the opening." he said Main topic of discussion will be the hastess for the center. Students have indicated they would prefer a woman, Gray said, and ail applications will be presented and discussed by them. "More applications for this very important position are needed,” Gray said. Two formal and five or six informal bids have been re-ceiveri. Salary to be paid the director will be discussed Monday. Dickie Blam is chairman and Frank Benham ti vice-chairman of the student commute. Tire meeting will be at 8 pm. at the West Texas Utilities building. Himmler Dead? LONDON, Sunday, Ort 23— r—The Sunday Chronicle, in a dispatch from its correspondent at Bucharest, Archibald Gibson, said today Heinrich Himmler. Nan Gestapo chief, had been "reported'’ assassinated while driving through the streets of Budapest. The report lacked confirmation from any other source. Lubbock.............0    0    6    0-6 Abilene..............Q    0    0    7-7 See Page 11 for details. ;