Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 18, 1944, Abilene, Texas
UNITED WAR CHEST fttal MDBMNG OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH-YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT NO. 122 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 18, 1944-TWELVE PAGES Associated Press I API VniM (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Reds Push New Prussian Drive a R I I I i Hungarian Army Revolt On; Chiefs Join Soviets ,__i i____, nv.nnf pffnris fn trph out. of the war and had LONDON, Oct. Hungarian army chiefs have gone over to the Russian side, and two army commanders have had to be dismissed, the German official DNB agency announced tonight as the Nazis strove amid deepening confusion to hold Hungary in the war The Berlin and Budapest radios poured out clouds of official explanations, appeals, boasts and accusations tending to obsecure the situation, but it appeared a Hungarian Army revolt was under was. DNB announced that the commanders of the First and Second Hungarian armies had been ousted and that Maj. Gen. Bela Miklos Von Dalnok, commander of the First army, had deserted to the Red prmy along with his staff. Specific mention of his name was believed in London to be at least implied confirmation of neutral reports that the First Hungar- ian army was marching on Budapest with the intention of ousting pro-Nazi Premier Ferenc Szalas! and the German military who hold Inl'he 'welter of proclamations, a broadcast order of the day from Budapest called on all deserters to return to their posts by noon, Oct. supporting reports of anti-Nazi decisions within the Iwanannfsince Regent Nicholas Horthy asked for an armis- tlce on Sunday and was subsequently "retired" and disavowed by the Szalasi "arrow cross" Hungarian Nazi party. The Hungarian paper UJ Magyarsag said Horthy's armistice appeal was bfoadcast Sunday only after Andreas Hladki, Horthy's propaganda chief, had seized the Sandouca radio station. Dr Paul Schmidt, German foreign office spokesman, seeking to put the best face on the Hungarian situation, declared the Germans had known all about Hungarian efforts to get out of the war and had been all set to act quickly, so that they had the situation well in hand at present. Other reports disagreed. The Brussels radio said large numbers of Hungarian soldiers were deserting and that armed clashes between the Germans and Hungar- ians had occurred in various places. That some of the highest officers were refusing to take orders from the Szalasi government, was clear. Moscow maintained the silence it imposed last Thursday on Hungarian operations, but the Cairo radio reported great Soviet tank forces were massing on the Hungarian plain ready to strike at Budapest momentarily. Some word from Moscow was awaited to clarify the picture of affairs inside Hungary.________________ Kayburn Char Would Wreck Large Crowd Greatest congregation democratic party leaders of region gathered together in many years came yester- day to Abilene to hear a cam- paign speech for President Roosevelt and Senator Harry f. Truman delivered by Sam Rayburn, of Bonham, .speak- of the house. From his arrival shortly before noon until 10 o'clock in the even- ing the speaker was kept busy meet- ftig party workers, Inspecting Camp Berkeley and the Abilene Army Air base, attending a dinner in his honor. He was accorded a 17-gun salute as a guard of honor greeted him js he entered the camp, and also base. At noon he was honor Complete text of Speaker Rayburn's talk Is on Pages 2 and 3. .guest with his party, at a luncheon Bernard Hanks' Bear Cove ranch south of town. A state highway pa- trol escort took him from there to Camp Barkeley. The main floor of the Abilene high school auditorium, which seats J200. was two-thirds filled by a which broke into applause many times during Ray burns speech, which was broadcast. Speaker Rayburn declared: "If the Republican leadership had been followed we vcoulil had practically no. Army and Navy when war wai. thrust upon us and we would have stood helpless before these in- ternational bandits." The Texas congressman namec pre-Pcarl Harbor measures eon- i the armed forces which he Said Republicans opposed, and add- ed: "After Bearl Harbor they quieted down some and found that they Congressman Sam Rayburn (Jwill speak at SeWcll auditor- ium, Abilene Christian college, at o'clock this morning before departing for Wichita Falls, where he will attend a Democratic campaign rally. President Don H. Morris of ACC issued an invitation to the public to be present. must go along, but this is electioi year and their campaign of misrep resentatlon is growing." jvrhe Republicans, said Rayburn Were "asking America, entering tin final stages of a vast and terribli conflict, to reject and cast out thi man who has led us to within sigh of victory." In September Texas state convention "loyal from the grass roots rebelled against the political tricksters who represent the big cities anil big Rayburn said. Kayburn stated that he pre- Gliclcd that the vole of the Tex- as Regulars party "will be the smallest, if they remain on the ticket, of any election in the See DEMOCRATS, pg. 12, col. 3 Girl Held A 18-year-old negro girl was be Ing held in city jail last night whil police investigated a charge tha she assaulted her brother-in-law mJJ3amp Barkeley private, with Injuring his arm. The soldi.' !s being treated In the camp hos pltnl. Pt.llce said the knifing occurrcc when the negro Klrl interfered H nn argument between her sister ant hjl sister's husband. DEMOCRATIC LEADER GREETED Rayburn speaker of the house of representatives, left, is shown here as he was welcomed to Abilene by Bernard Hanks, publisher of The Abilene Reporter-News. Congressman Rayburn made the major address of a democratic rally here last night. DEMOCRAT LEADERS APPLAUD ROOSEVELI DINNER SPEECHES West Texas Democrats, 125 of Anson, Louis Johnson of Anson strong, joined Tuesday afternoon at 5'3o o'clock in a banquet at the Hilton hotel honoring Sam Ray- burn, speaker of the national house of representatives and other W. H. Eyssen Jr., Art Carmichael W. C. Russell and Tntn May o Hnmlin, W. H. McCampbell of Stephens county, J. F, KcKinzie, Mi. and Mrs. W. W. Hair, Mr. and Forces Spar Along Whole French Front LONDON, Wednesday, Oct. first day with- out a German counterattack since t h e Nazi line was ireachcd at Aachen has pass- el and the German defend- ers of the city still are vir- tually sealed off from their supporting forces and supplies. Although officers at su- preme Allied headquarters would not confirm the view, it was considered possible that ;he high command had given up hope of saving Aachen or that the furious Allied air at- tacks on Cologne and Duis- oerg had made German res- cue attempts impossible. Powerful American and British forces sparred warily with the ene- my yesterday all along the 85-mile battle line paralleling the Dutch- German border from. Aachen in Germany' to Arnhelm in Holland. Lt. Gen. Courtney H.. Hodges American 'First Army probed cau: tiously north and northeast o. Aachen, where the Nazis, repelled in five furious attempts to break into the encircled city of Aachen in recent had rolled up heavj concentration of tanks and mobile guns. British Second Army troops fought through (he streets to the center of the Dutch high- way town of Venray, eight miles from the German frontier, and pushed an armored column three miles south and cut the Venray- Deurne road. American armor was disclosed to be in position on the British right flank, but was not yet reported to have been hurled into action. At nightfall, British Tommies with bayonets and hand grenade, were reported fighting halfway through -Venray, with the German, selling their lives fanatically to de fend every house and shop build ing. Other British forces who threw a bridgehead across a canal flvi miles scuthwest of Venray beat of violent German attempts to crusl the lodgment, a field dispatch said. In the Overloon area, north o Venray, the Nazis were rcportei pulling out of a pocket npproxi mately yards long and from 700 to 2.000 yards wide along tin state party leaders in Abilene forujrj L Dudley, ilrr. John Hoi- See FRANCE, pg. 12, col. 7 the Roosevelt rally. K. T. Brooks, local district com- mittecman, introduced to the area party leaders their state chairman, Harry L. Scay, who in turn pre- sented the distinguished guests. Three other members of the mit- ional congress were present to add their tribute to Rayburn and voice their approval of the administra- tion.' of President Roosevelt. These, each of whom spoke briefly were Wright Patman of Tcxarkana, George Malion of Colorado City and Sam Russell of Stephcnville. Speaker Rayburn was Introduced but did not speak. Others in the official party who were presented were Mrs. John Perry of Swectwater, district cnm- mitteewoman, Wilbur Sims of Abi- lene who is now attached to state headquarters, Myron Dlalock of Marshall, national committecman, Tom Tyson of state headquarters and Bill Kittrell of Dallas, state secretary. Dr. J. O. Haymes of Abilene gave the invocation. Guests present were Mrs. Myron Blalock of Marshall, Mrs. Ralph Lloyd and Laura Kittrell of Win- ters, Ed Stewart, W. R. Ely, C. R. Pennlngton, Wiley Norwood andW. J. Pulwilcr of Abilene, W. E. Mc- Mahon of Dallas, Mel Thurman, E. M. Ovcrshlncr, Homer Blankenshlp, M. M. Jones, Prank Youngblood and J. P. Stinson of Abilene. Ben Grover, Forrest Kyle. Man- Icy Sikcs and Charles H. Butler of Bangs, Jack Hughes, Willis Cox and Frank Grime.-, of Ahtlcnc. Roy Kcndrlck of Clyde, E. M. Dillon of Dallas, Pat Bullock of Colorado City, Gilbert Smith of Anson, Tom K. Eplen of Abilene, B. L. Tem- pleton nnd Dale Warren of Colo- rado City. Roy L. Duke, Virgil Waldrop nnd Thomas E. Hoyden Jr. of Abilene, CJr.icnce Johnson, county chairman Philippine, Formosa iombings Continue Wooden Arm, Poor Eyes Among Nazis WITH U. S. NINTH AIR FORCE ton, Don Morris and Di. J. O. Hay- of Abilene, Mr. anci Mrs. Clyde E. Thomas of Big Spring, Byron C. Utecht of Austin. Ethridge, H. H Slaughter, C. G. Willis, Mrs. Wylic Norwood, Fred Osborne, Ernest W. Wilson, j IN LUXEMBOURG, Oct. James Culler, H. S. Fntherrec. Joe A German soldier ran out of a trench the wjtj, only onc nrm U. S. PACIFIC KLKBT HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Har- bor, Oct. ac- tion by carrier-based planes a- Kainst the Philippines and a new landing in the Western Carolines were reported tonight in a communique of Adm. Ches- ter W. Nimiti. The carrier plane attacks ex- tended operations which have been in progress against Ja- pan's inner defense ring since Oct. 8 and are meshed with land-based strikes by Gen. Douglas MacArthur who re- ported a. fighter sweep over Mindano. The new landings, made in September but kept secret until today was achieved without op- position on Uiithl atoll in the western Caroline group. Eighty- first division army troops, of the same group which aided in the invasion of the southern Pa- laus, went ashore on Ulithi Sept. 20 and 21. TJlithi is 100 miles east of Yap and is northeast of jPa- .lau..It has one best har- bors in the western Pacific.) By The Associated Press. The Japanese, while reiterating American denied claims of vic- tory over the American task force off eastern Formosa, acknowledged Tuesday (U. S. time) that Yank carriers continued to send out waves of planes to smash targets in the northern Philippines. Meanwhile it was officially dis- closed that American Superfort- resses hit Formosa for the thlrc time in four days while other U. S bombers destroyed a Japanese cruiser in the South' China Sea and smashed up shipping at Hongkong Japanese newspapers, accord- ing to Radio Tokyo, continued to headline what they called the "overwhelming victory" over Adm. William F. Halsey's Third Fleet in the Formosa area. Tokyo, however, made no further mention of Japa- nese warships that were pre- viously pictured as chasing the "defeated" American fleet. The Japanese claims of up to 5! American ships sunk or damaged brought the flat statement fron Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, Pacific fleet chief, that Nipponese war- ships eamc out, took a look anc turned tail without challenging when they discovered "our fight inc strength unimpaired." The Admiral said "there has been no damage of consequence to our battleships or carriers. How- ever, two medium sized ships wen hit by aircraft torpedoes and an retiring from the area." He added icrsonnel casualties "were small." So far in the carrier plane avions centering in the Ryukyu islands south of the Japanese homeland and on Formosa and the 'hilippines, the Japanese have los in estimated 828 to 843 planes Thirty-seven others were listed a: probables. The Japanese news agency Domci, In a Tokyo broadcast monitored by FCC said Amer- ican airmen hit Clark Field, Important air base 40 miles northwest of Manila, and blast- ed the port of Lcgaspl, south- ern Lilon, Tuesday morning, Philippine time. Domci claim- ed repulse of the raiders. There was no American con- firmation of these strikes. American superfortresses smash- ed a third Formosa air base Tues- -iay (Wednesday. Japanese In the third B-29 raid there in four days the giant planes blasted Eln- ansho, airdrome and supply depot at.Talnian on the southwest coast. Some Japanese fighters were In the Alarmed Nazis Claim Power Turned Loose LONDON, Wednesday, Oct. tremendous new Russian offensive aimed straight west toward the heart of East Prussia was announced by alarmed German broad- casters yesterday, and the Soviet midnight communique de- scribed heavy Red air force bombings all along the path of advance as far as Insterburg, 37 miles inside the German Junkers' homeland. The Russians did not directly confirm the offensive by Gen. Ivan D. Chcrniakhovsky's Third White Russian army group, but left little doubt that it was in progress, announc- ing that Red bombers Monday night to Tuesday morning, hit Instcrberg and the intermediate railway junctions of Gum-, binnen and Stalluponen, along the very route the Germans said Cherniakhovsky's drive was directed. The German radio said the new attack was along a mile front on both sides of the Lithuanian town of Vilka- iskis and declared it was acket.! by forests of artillery nd spearheaded by low fly- ng Stormovik planes. The Russians already were at the order at points west of In- terburg. The Moscow communique an- ounced a further cleanup south nd southwest of Riga, the cap- urcd Latvian capital, with the re- nainlng German forces in that Baltic state driven into the corner air but- losses. the B-29s The superfortress Formosa raid caused MaJ. Gen. Curtis Lemay, chief of the 20th bomber command, to exclaim, "we knocked the hell our of them this, trip.1 Official reports said that in the two previous raids Heito air bnse was knocked out while the major Okuyama air repair and supply cen- ter was smashed, with 32 out of Its 34 main buildings deslroycd. The. three Formosa air bases were the very henrt of Nippon's aerial power over the South China sea. The Japanese 14th American also were lilt by Air Force land- based bombers out of China. A lone Yank airman destroyed a Japanese cruiser and probably sank a dc- strcycr out of six men-of-war head- ed toward Formosa. The cruiser See PACIFIC, PR. 12, col. 6 Chest Drive Donations Hit Peak for Day Largest contributions since the opening day of the carri- paign to raise for the Taylor County War .Chest poured into the fund Tuesday to the sum of Total amount donated now is 253.47, leaving to be raised: Morgan Jones Jr., chairman ol the advanced gifts committee, said yesterday that such .gifts are ap- proximately 60 percent complete. Tuesday two new wore added to the ilist 'of-those which have oversubscribed their quotas They were ranchers and capitalists with a quota of subscribing and automobile ta subscribing FDR Pleads More Help of Community WASHINGTON, Octi President Roosevelt tonight appeal- ed for greater than ever contribu- tions to community wnr funds as a token of "Democracy at Us best" to show there Is no letdown in ou national unity. He said that on the day of the flighting men's return Pappy's Spokesman Called to Capital WASHINGTON, Oct. Th Senate campaign expenditures committee, planning to take up Thursday tile operations of the W Lee O'Duniel News, has called to Washington as a principal witness a Texas newspaperman who Is In charge of the publication in Fort Worth. Summoned by the committee, Garfield Crawford, who has han- dled public relations matters for Senator O'Dnniel (D-Tex.i for years, is due to arrive here tomor- he declared speedy "we arc trying to mak I'.M. year: Sunirl la" MinrKe tlik mr Sunset toiilcht: il low (o n p.r Illclt nii'l low name da 80 ami shake war fund donors by the hand nnd sny "thanks for hclpini frifind." In n nationwide radio nppcal 01 behalf of wnr fund drives. Mr Roosevelt said "our gift to our com munity war fund is onc way if show that thnrp is no letdown in the spirit, and unity of this country This expression of on own free from th heart of the nation." "In these he said, "as begin to see the approach of vie tory, it may seem more of a bur rim to us to measure up to on war jobs and responsibilities." Bui he continued, a war fund gift i "typical of democracy at its bast." Through war fund contributions Vm said, "we send a token of on own personal friendship to th traRic victims of brute slavery an to those who have so lonn borne th burden of fighting this hungry, the sick and the liomclr? peoples of China, Russia, Britaii Belgium, France. Greece. Poland, the Netherlands, the Philip pines, and other friends and neigh bors in the community of nations. OPA OKAYs RISE IN BREAD PRICE 'My, HII enthusiastic DALLAS, Oct. vr> r.i wholesale and retail ceiling ,iric for most .sellers of the onc-and-a half pound loaf of white brcn was increased yesterday by on cent in 17 Texas counties. C. V Nichols. Dallas rcRlonnl A pric executive, said here today. Nichols said the action, taken b the national OPA office in Wash inuton, was necessary to avert threatened local shortaKC in tl Waco, Abilene, Fort Worth an Dallas trndlni; areas caused by f nnncial hardship of the majorit of the wholesale bread plants i these areas. The followlnR prices were rstal: lishcd in -lli counties: Wholesal II cents; retail, 13 cents; chnl store private label, 11 cents. They Include Callahan, Shaclie! ford and Tnylor. If the maximum prices, prcvlour ly established under the senera maximum price regulation by an Individual seller, nre hlchcr Ilia those fixed today, they may main In effect, Nichols said. wtween the Gulf of .Riga and the Baltic sea. One of their use- ul posts, Ventsplls, was bombed :avily. While silent concerning land ac- lon against East Prussia, the Rus- lans announced a further slashing drive In northern Transylvania had .arried within two miles of the outhern border of the Carpatho- Ukraine territory which Hungary ook- from dismembered Czecho- slovakia, and told of further small ,alns southwest and west of Nls ill Yugoslavia. Street fighting continued in Beltrludn, wlth.tha..Ru5siaris and, Yugoslav Partisans teamed in: Imttllny the Germans for the Yugoslav capital. A supplement to the Soviet com- munique this morning said more Jinn Germans had been killed :n two days of fighting In Belgrade, which it said the enemy had 'turned into a powerful center of defense." "On tile approaches to the city ,.nd in Its streets the Hitlerites havo set up many pillboxes and block- nouses with anti-tank and infantry the Soviet announce- ment said. "Our troops dealt the enemy a, heavy defeat in the suburbs and broke through to the outskirts of the city. Soviet and Yugoslav units are advancing staunchly. Fighting lias reached the center of the city." Marshal Tito in a cummunlnue nn behalf of bis Partisans said all of Belgrade but two districts now had been freed of Germans and declared: "Three German divisions in tbe city are putting up a des- perate defense. Outside Belgrade two Grrmnn divisions have been surrounded." German radio commentators said the Russians had penetrated Nazi lines at several places and said stubborn fighting was In progress for paths through the fortifications and earthworks so hastily thrown up by the old men. women and. children of East Prussia during the past few months. OPA Boosts Price On Cotton Storage WASHINGTON, Oct. Tile Office of Price Administration today announced increased ceiling prices for storage and other ware- housing services on government- owneci ".ottor. of the 1044-45 crop. The new ceilings, effective imme- diately and continuing through July 1, 1945, represent an increase of 3 cents a bale over previous prices. OPA said the boost was allowed to compensate for the change storage and handling operations which will result from the government's new purchasing program. The new ceiling prices, approved by the Commodity Credit corpora- tion arc: For storage of cotton in ware- houses operating compressing facil- ities, 18 cents a bale a month or part of month. For cotton stored in warehouses not operating compressing facili- ties, 21 cents a bale a month or part of month. Both of these maximum prices are subject to deduction for the cost of fire Insurance on a valuation of a bale. For rewelghlng already stored cclton. the ceiling is 17 cents a bale: for resampling such cotton, 18 cents a bale, for rcwelghlng and re- sampling when performed at the same time, 30 cents a bale. These later ceilings are generally 6 cents a bale over existing maximum prices, OPA said.