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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - October 15, 1944, Abilene, Texas UNITED WAR CHEST ^otal Quota.............. $67,786 Subscribed ............ $33,144.50 Wat Abilene Reporter SUNDAY 4WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKF,TCH TOI JR W ORE D I X VC 11 V AS 11 GOF S.”-Bx mn VOL. LXIV, NO. 119 A TEXAS NEWSPAPERABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 15, 1944 -THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Pre < Ari    united Press <u.p.)    PRICE FIVE CENTS Superforts Follow Up Naval Blows With Heavy Raid on Formosa YANKS DEEP INSIDE AACHEN Tour of Big •Raiders Are ^Unreported' By The Associated Press America's Superfortresses of the air threw heavy bomb tads into the battle of For-osa Saturday, blasting a vital war target on the heels of sustained attacks in that region hy great waves of carrier-based planes. • An Army communique disclosed That the B-29s, Ayin* In greater force than ever before, took off from bases in China and bombed the important Japanese airplane repair and supply base at Okayama, southwestern Formosa. W Early reports from the Superfortress crewmen indicated the attack was successful. The 20th airforce reported four of the Superfortresses "are unreported at this time ” The communique added that • %.e of the planes were expected To turn up later at friendly bases. Okayama was described by the 20th bomber command as "the most Important air target south of Japan proper." Indications are that the Japan-f esc were using the Okayama depot for the repair of planes. as an air supply base and an arsenal for work on big naval guns. The depot has great storage facilities. ^ Tokyo, fearing that the western Pacific aerial smashes are the prelude to a Philippines Invasion and possible landings on Formosa and in the Ryukyu islands, said IOO Superfortresses participated in the attack after two morning raids by • •>0 carrier planes. There was no American confirmation of these two carrier plane raids. • • • Pacific fleet headquarters reported, however, that the carrier raids of Wednesday and Thursday Formosa alone cost the Japanese 376 aircraft destroyed. TI ships sunk, 14 ships probably destroyed, 26 ships damaged, 37 small surface craft sunk or damaged. In four days of carrier aerial strikes, from Monday through ^ Thursday, the Yank naval fliers visKcd the Ryukyus, Formosa, the Pescadores and the Philippines. In all. their bombs destroyed between 520 and 525 planes, sank or damaged 143 ships, not including 87 small • surface craft. The navy said not a single American surface ship was damaged. Forty five U. S. planes were lost. The Japanese claimed the sinking of a half down carriers and four pother warships and destruction of j *T60 planes. * * • Gen. Douglas MacArthur^ communique today told of wudspread aerial operations in the Southwest Pacific theater. Allied bombers unloaded 130 tons of explosives on Amboina and Ceram, west of Dutch New Guinea. Ceram airdromes were blasted md strafe * while oil See PACIFIC, Pg. 7, Col. 8 flames Rise 22,000 Overformosan Town By JOHN GROVER I A B-29 BASE IN WEST CHINA, Oct. 14—(IP)—Flames rising an estimated 22,030 feet over the town of Okayama on Formosa island today marked the most successful Superfortress mission to date as C^he giant B-29's followed a mighty Navy blow to add new wieckage to that major Japanese base. Keturning pilots jubilantly reported that clouds opened to frame their target perfectly for % visual bombing in close-packed groups. A record bomb tonnage battered the target area. "This is only the beginning," said MaJ. Gen. Curtis LeMay after the raid. “It was the best show yet.” W Fortress crews said that damage inflicted by carrier-based Navy planes earlier was clearly evident, and were loud in their praise of the Navy bomber crews. '* The Weather DEPARTS! I NT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY:    Fair Sun lit,. Monday increasing cloudiness, .|aMd temperatures. **tHEST TEX6ft:    Tartly rloudv Sun day and Monday. Some likelihood of afternoon thunder showers in the El Ta<o area. Bi? Bend country and Pecos valley. Continued mild EAST TENAS:    Fair Sunday. Monday Increasing cloudiness. Mild temperatures. _    TEMPERATURES Hilt. - Fri.    Sat. - Fri. .too but he's giving Relief Troops I Badly Mauled Crack Enemy! RAF EARTHQUAKERS' FLATTEN SEAWALLS, SUB PENS ss -*• F :5«    ,    ■    >:?    iii    ■ I    ,    ,    SR.    Lf’ I Give to your community •WAR FUND*:. HALF OF CHEST QUOTA RAISED Taylor county has raised almost half Its quota in the United War Chest drive with'$33,144.50 subscribed by Saturday night. The quota for the county is $67,786. Saturday was the fifth day of the campaign. Drive workers are taking their contributions to the WAC shack just south of the postoffice building rather than the West Texas chamber of commerce building. w Tuscola, which has a population of 300, went over the top with Its quota of $750 In the drive. Citizens of Tuscola raised $814.23, F.lmcn Kirby, chairman, reported Saturday. Subscriptions reported on Saturday night at the WAC shack amounted to $4,046 27. Nineteen national organizations and four local organizations are aided by the United War Fund. (Turn to Page 6 for list of contributors.) LONDON. Oct. 14—(AP)-U. S. troops converged from three directions tonight on the heart of Aachen, which at least for the moment was left to its fate by German relief columns so badly mauled outside the stricken city that for 24 hours they have been unable to muster a counterattack. From the northeast, the east and the southeast, the infantry dug the ! dwindling German garrison from houses and cellars, moving slowly i through the rubble to hold down LONDON, Oct. 15.—(Sunday) —(IP)—The RAF bombed Germany early today with one of the largest night armadas ever seen by coast watchers, hard on the heels of the 3,300-plane daylight raids on Duisburg, Cologne and other German cities. LONDON. Oct. 14—UPy -The Air ministry announced tonight that the | RAF has been breaking dams, seawalls, and submarine pens recently with a new-type, 12,000-pound earthquake bomb which it described as ‘'undoubtedly the most destructive air weapon ever used.” The big weapon combines great penetrative power with a terrific blast effect, the Air ministry said, adding that “no other bomb used in this war. either by ourselves or by the enemy, has had these two advantages.” w The blast of either one makes that of the Nazi flying bomb look like a toy. The new bomb Is three times the size of the original blockbusters, one of which is known to have destroyed at least 30 buildings during an attack on Emden. That would mean that under the sa1/.' conditions the “earthquaker” might flatten up to IOO buildings. Scientists estimate that its blast damage covers an area of approximately 80,000 square yards. It is streamlined so that It will penetrate Into the earth even from moderato altitudes. It carries a delayed action fuse so that the bomb does not explode until it is inside or under its target The head cont "tnt the heaviest possible charge of "a very powerful explosive " Its extraordinary penetrative power was shown in recent attacks on the submarine pens at Brest. They were among the strongest shelters ever built by man. with concrete 12 feet thick. The new bombs also have been used with great success in knocking out formidable German long-range weapon sites. One of them dropped on a hillside in France buried hundreds of flying bombs the Germans had stored in limestone caves. It took only one to put the big German battleship Tirpitz out of action, probably for the duration. They also were used to drain the vital Dortmund-Ems canal, to crumble the sea walls around Walcheren island off the Dutch coast where the Germans had long-range guns and to smash the De mbs dam in southern France. British Hold Athens; Belgrade's Fall Near Corfu Taken 1 CITY BUS SYSTEM SOLD    IStreet Battle Without Shot SUBJECT TO PERMIT OK    Rages in City Rayburn Will Open Demos' Drive Here AM. 64 - SI 53 - SO 54 - Sd SI - IS 59 - 48 ss - r>o SI - 49 51 lh - 59 sr. - «4 HOUR ......... I......... 2 a...'ii.* Ll ......... 4......... ........ 5.........  «......... P.M. TS - 74 79 - 75 HO - 78 80 - 78 80 - 77 78 - 74 75 - 70 70 - 85 08 - 64 - S3 - S3 - S3 A    -    51 ......... 8..... -    59 ......... <>..... IO..... 71    -    70 .........II..... 75    -    Ti .........12..... High and low temperature* lo 9 p.rr. 80 and 50. High and low same date ] j.    "(I    53 Sunset last night:    7:08. ^^nnse tom morning1; !p*et tonight: 7:07. City to Observe 1st Thanksgiving November ll, Armistice Day. which this year will be Saturday, and Thursday, Nov. 23 will be holidays for members cf the Abilene Retail Merchants association. Also, the city schools will close Nov. 23 for Thanksgiving. C. R. Pennington, manager of the association, yesterday announced the schedule. Pennington said the members voted to close Nov. ll in spite cl the fact it will be Saturday and create a two-day holiday. It was learned, said Pennington, that the schools already have ararnged to close Nov. 23 —the “first" Thanksgiving—so the merchants who are members of the association will follow suit. Nev. 23 is Thanksgiving day by act of congress and proclamation of the president. Nov. 30 is Thanksgiving day by proclamation of the governor of Texas and by the A&M-Texas U. football schedule. Greeks in Attack ROME, Oct. 14—(IP)— Greek pilots lying RAF Spitfires are participat-ng in the liberation of their home-and an Air ministry announcement oaid today The Democratic speaking campaign in Texas will get underway in Abilene Tuesday, when Speaker Earn Rayburn of the national house of representatives and other party leaders come here for a day of conferences and a night rally. The party will arrive here at noon and in the early afternoon is to tour t amp Barkeley, returning to the city about the middle of the afternoon for meetings with leaders of Taylor and other counties of the state. At 5:30 p.m a dinner is scheduled for the Hilton hotel with each of the state leaders speaking briefly. Invitations have been extended to the county leaders, but any person desiring to attend may make a reservation by calling the office of i E. T. Brooks, district executive com-; mitteeman. Each person attending the dinner will pay $1.35 for his plate. Delegates from the various counties have been urged to bring their wives. Following the dinner the group will move to the Abilene high school auditorium for the rally, which will start at 7:30 p.m. The address of Speaker Rayburn is to be broadcast from 8 to 8:30 over the Texas Quality network, KRBC, and stations in Lubbock, San Angelo and Brownwood. Mr. Brooks last night stressed the fact the rally will last about an hour and a half, with various persons speaking, while the radio portion of the program will last only a half hour. “The issues of the day and of this cai ipaign will be forcefully presented,’ he commented. “It will be an opportunity for citizens of West Sec RALLY, Pg. 7, Col. * casualties, while long lines of civilians streamed from the burning city into the American positions. The U. S. First army could afford to take Its time, for the half-mile wide corridor leading from the city was as good as closed after a few small units were believed to have slipped in last night to swell the garrison to perhaps 2,000 men. Furthermore the crack German infantry and tank divisions which threw the British out of the Arnhem bridgehead, then were rushed south to Aachen, lay bleeding in the fields ncrtheast of the city, numbed by aerial and artillery bombardment that knocked out more than 80 tanks. * • • The British Second army to the north, moving up its lines toward the Maas river facing Germany midway between Arnhem and Aachen, hammered out a half-mile gain south of Overloon. They fought through mire across the bodies of Germans who refused to yield an inch. Canadians on the seaward flank were under large-scale assault from strong enemy forces who were trying to drive them from positions astride the South Beveland causeway, w*here dominion troops have cut off escape by land for Germans on the islands in the Schelde estu-ary. 0 On the southern end of the 460-mile front, the German communique said .he U. S. Seventh army had gone over to the attack in strong fo-ce on a broad front east of Remiremont, 30 miles north of Belfort. There was no Allied confirmation of this, but it was reported officially that the French First army in this area in an advance of about three miles from previously reported positions was nearing Cornimont, only ll miles from the vital Schlucht pass through the Vosges mountains to the Rhine. The U. S. Third army cleared the Germa from three-fourths of the forest of Parroy, a sore point east of Nancy from which the Germans have been mounting counterattacks, but no other changes were reported. A spokesman for the German high command took advantage of the lack of Important Allied advances to boast tonight that "we shall use the sixth winter of war to turn to the offensive next spring and j to carry war back again to French soil." Design Picked for 36th's Memorial TEMPLE, Oct. 14—(AV-Alden B Diw, Houston architect, today was announced winner of the 36th division memorial prize competition. Hi., design, which weal a prize of $2,000, was selected from 35 entered by outstanding architects of Texas. Second place and a $500 cash | prize went to John Thomas Rather lane George W. Rustay. of Houston. ROME, Oct. 14— (AP) — British and Greek troops, put ashore by the British navy, occupied Athens today, a little more than three years after they were driven out by German troops at the height of Hitler Balkan conquests, a special communique announced tonight. The nearby port of Piraeus also fell as British and Greek infantry and some British airborne troops landed. There was no mention of fighting, terding to substantiate earlier unofficial reports that the Germans hat! pulled out leaving the capital In the hands of Greek patriots. The Cairo radio said the Germans had withdrawn from all Attica, and that fighting had broken out at historic Marathon, 14 miles north of Athens. To the west the Greek island citadel of Corfu, at the entrance to the Adriatic, fortified by the Germans and believed to be strongly defended, surrendered to other British landing forces without a shot being fired. The special communique said the liberation of Athens was greatly facilitated by U. S. warplanes, who plastered the airfields of southern Greece to hamper enemy evacuation by air. Cruisers, aircraft carriers and destroyers of the British Mediterranean fleet, including units of the Greek navy, also cleared the way by scourging the islands of the Aegean sea. The Cairo radio said the morale of the Germans, beginning the 190-mile trek northward to Salonika along the roads over which they sped so confidently in the spring of 1941, had been broken. (The Ankara radio said the Sew nth Bulgarian division had begun the evacuation of Greek Thrace and Macedonia under terms of the Bulgarian armistice with Soviet Russia. It quoted a dispatch from Sofia, and added that the withdrawal probably would be finished within ten days.) The Abilene-Vicw Bus company and W. O Kemper, owner and operator of the City Service Bus company, Saturday completed a contract for the sale of the city bus system to the former, if and when a franchise suitable to both parties is available. Meantime, It was pointed out, the buses operating in Abilene will remain under the management of Kemper and the same equipment will continue to serve the city. The contract was signed after the city commission had voiced dissatisfaction at transportation conditions in Abilene and had called for proposals for setting up a new system to replace the City Service Bus setup* Tile Abilene-Vicw Bus company Immediately suggested a program under which it would begin operations, lf and when Kemper ceased to serve the city. Negotia tions were started to get the firms together for a sale and purchase. The Abilene-View on a previous occasion made a tentative offer to buy the Kemper system but did not follow through when Its officers found it impossible to reach an ^ agreement on a transfer price. The city commission IO days ago announced it would take definite action on the local bus system last Friday, but at that time announced Kernper and the Abilene-View offi-> rials had asked for a three-day postponement, pending outcome of negotiations which were culminated yesterday. It is expected the commission will meet Monday or Tues-| day to approve transfer of equipment and to work out terms of a ! franchise for Abilene-View. Friday O. B. Fielder, former owner of the City Service Bus company, had asked permission to resume op-1 erations here. ENGINEER MISSING AFTER 16th RAID, FISHER PARENTS LEARN LONGWORTH, Ort.. 14.— fSpl.) — Sgt. J. W. (Billy) Barkley, 22, engineer on a B-24 of the 15th Air Force, Italy, has been missing in DALLAS NEWSPAPER SUPPORTS DEWEY FOR WHITE HOUSE JOB DALLAS, Oct. 14 —(AP)—The Dallas Morning News, in an editorial, eterne out tonight in support of Thomas E. Dewey, Republican nominee for President. The editorial, headed “We Choose Mr. Dewey,” closed with “in the very nature of the Democratic progress there must be—as Mr. Roosevelt once said—an occasional New Deal We need one today.” The News, independent Democratic, supported Roosevelt for his first and second terms, and was non-commital on the third term. Germany Captures First U. S. General WASHINGTON, Oft. 14- IP The War department disclosed today that Brigadier General Arthur W. Vanaman of Millville, N, J., has been captured, the first American general officer to become a prisoner of Germany. General Vanaman’s internment in Germany was disclosed in an announcement of an award to him of the Legion of Merit for prior service in this country as commander of the Oklahoma City air service command. First reported missing in action over Germany last June 27 while acting as an observer on an aerial bombing mission, Vanaman was ascertained on Sept 16 to be a prisoner of war in Germany, the department said. SGI. J. W. BARKLEY a< tkm since September 22, the war department has notified his parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Barkley of this Fisher county community. Sergeant Barkley had completed ills 16th mission on September 15, date of his last letter home. No oilier details were given the parents. An only child, Sergeant Barkle-was born near Snyder, Nov 20, 1921, and attended Snyder schools, In 1939 lif enlisted in the C.C.C. and was stationed at Lamesa. The following year his parents bought the farm they still own here, and which was partly paid for by the son’s earnings while with the CCC. He remained at Lamesa for 20 months, and later took a cour e at a Dallas aeronautical school, upon completion of which he worked for Consolidated In San Diego from January, 1942, until about two years ago when he returned to Fisher county and bought a farm near that of his parents. He enlisted Oct. 27. 1943, and had saved enough money to complete payments on his farm. His parents have stocked the farm with fine cattle and feel confident that he will eventually return to operate t Sergeant Barkley was sent to 1 Italy about August I. LONDON, Oct. 14—(AP)—• Russian and Yugoslav Partisan units broke into the Yugoslav capital of Belgrade today and began fighting in the streets against a doomed German garrison whose commander and staff fled, Marshal Tito’s headquarters announced tonight. The fall of the 2,000-year old fortress city was expected shortly as the Allies quickened their swift ciean-up ojf Germany’s collapsed Balkan structure. Berlin acknowledged the Humans had reached the city with “strong motorized force*..’’ Moscow said Russian troops had reached Belgrade's outskirt.*;, apparently allowing the Yugoslavs tho honor of being the first to announce major developments inside the capital. Kumodraz, on the edge of Top-cider park, w'hich is on the southern side of Belgrade, was among the Yugoslav localities swept up, tbs Russian communique said. A Bulgarian communique also announced the fall of Sis. key junction on the Belgrade-Athens and Belgradf-.Sofia railways 128 miles southeast of the Yugoslav capital. Yugoslav Partisans combined with Bulgarian units under General Stant-ehev In the liberation of that town. Sofia announced. Many prisoners and much booty was seized, it said. South of fallen Rica n Latvia the Russians captured IO localities, the bulletin said, including the rail station of BalozJ. four miles below the Latvian capital and Plakaniesi, nine miles outside the city. German troops were lighting a savage delaying action as tile Russians pressed them westward into the encircling arms of other Soviet troops that have sealed off northwestern Latvia. Although the Russians were reported battering at the approacher to Memel and Tilsit in German East Prussia. Moscow* was silent about land operations on that front. Berlin said the situation had eased somewhat. FDR Gains in Texas Latest Gallop Poll figures show the presidential lineup in Texas as follows: TODAY’S SURVEY Roosevelt    74% Dewey    26% SEPTEMBER 21 SURVEY Roosevelt    72% Dewey    28% (See Survey on Page 2) FISHER TANKER KILLED IN ACTION ON FRENCH FRONT ROTAN. Oct. 14. — (Bpi.) — Sgt Clyde B. Yarborough, 25, tank commander on duty in France August I. was killed in action September 8, I according to a war department mes-S sage to his brother, L. H. Yarborough of the Mt. View community, north of here. The brother later received a let-' ter of condolence from officers and enlisted men of Sergeant Yarborough's battalion but the latter cc stained no details of his brother 's death. Sergeant Yarborough was a veteran of initial landings in North Africa, Sicily, Italy and Southern France. About two weeks before I he w*as killed ne had sent his brother nil his battlefield relics, billfold, key ring and other small personal possessions. He said the going was rough in France and that he felt he had push his luck too far to last. He had r. Afer been wrote about six months ago that wounded in all his other campaigns, he w*as the only survivor of a tank Sergeant Yarborough operated a    „    „ _ ,    . 75 mm. gun on a 30-ton tank. He See 1ARBOROIGH, Pg. *, Col. 4 ( LYDE B. YARBOROUGH Hungary Peace Move Reported LONDON, Oct, 14.—UP)—'The Ankara radio, without confirmation from other sources, said tonight that a Hungarian delegation hart left for Moscow to ask for peace, and said a Bulgarian armistice delegation also was on its way to the Russian capital. The Moscow radio said the German legation stuff already had fled Budapest, Hungarian capital which appeared open to invasion by the Red army, and that disorders were becoming widespread. Moscow cli patches hinted that the political situation in Hungary wa* approaching a showdown and compared the situation to that in Italy in September, 1943. when the Albee concealed an armistice with the Italian government nearly 3 week in the hope of springing a trap on the Germans. Moscow announced Wednesday night that Bulgaria had accepted preliminary armistice conditione, including the evacuation of seized Greek and Yugoslav territories. Road to Berlin By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 1. Western Front; 302 miles (from west of Duren). 2. Russian Front: 310 miles (from Warsaw >. 3. Italian Front; 560 milest from Liverbnano), ;