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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 12, 1944, Abilene, Texas UNITED WAR CHEST Subscribed LXIV, NO. 116 "WITHOUT OR OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES'WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT A TEXAS 3mU, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 12, 1944-FOURTEEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Prat rwjPRICE FIVE CENTS Aachen Burns; Relief Try Fails Polish Showdown Talk Arranged Bulgaria Accepts Armistice Terms Oct. has accepted preliminary armistice terms from Russia, Great Britain the United States, the Moscow radio announced tonight. The Moscow announcement said one of the. preliminary con- ditions was that all Bulgarian troops in Greece and Yugoslavia. be evacuated within fifteen To check and supervise the evac- uation of Bulgarian troops and offi- cials from occupied territories, Mos- cow announced, "the three Allied governments will send to Bulgaria fir representatives who will act a' joint Allied military commis- sion under the chairmanship of the Soviet representative." a Cairo broadcast heard here by the Associated Press said that Bulgarian troops in Greece jfd already received their orders to withdraw. Evacuation of the Greek and Yugoslav territories Bul- garia obtained in her former part- nership with Nazi start Immediately. In the British House of Commons today, Minister of State Sir Richard Law said that a limited evacuation already had been started by the Bulgars from the territories which, he said, "They filched and robbed from the Allied nations." The Russian, announcement indicated that final armistice conditions for Bulgaria will not be settled imt.il she fulfills the preliminary terms of withdrawal. There were a number of'points on which the Soviet and Anglo-Ameri- can conferees were reported to have disagreed and the entire. Bulgarian well as other Balkan high on the agenda Churchill and Foreign Minister An- thony Eden took to Moscow fcr dis- cussion with Stalin and Foreign Commissar. V. M. Molotov. Russians Triumph In North and South Red army roared up to .the TjHsfPrussian border westlofKaurias yesterday, isolated the great Baltic of the aid ofrRdmanidn 4 captured SzegBdi second-largest city-fa.Hungary, and 1 TVoticulvanio" Pvt. Homer D. Childress was killed in action in France Sept. 21, the War department notified his wife, a teacher at Travis school, yesterday. f port i troops' tal of In a day of glittering successes' for Soviet arms, Marshal Tito i announced that the Russians and his Yugoslav Partisan troops also had surrounded Yugoslavia's capital city of Belgrade, but this was confirmed by the Russian communique, which inexplicably was jiol broadcast until well after midnight. A.Russian column reached the northeastern approaches lo Belgrade a week ago bat apparently it was decided not to risk wrecking the city by frontal assault. The German radio acknowledged that Gen. Ivan C. Bagramian's First Baltic army had entirely encircled Memel, port and chief city of Mcmelland. The Russians, already within nine miles of the city' anc fitting a steel arc around It, did not confirm that they actually-had reached the sea on both sides, but said they edged closer on the south- east and extended northward towards corridor to the sea they had hammered home on Tuesday, isolating to Germans remaining: in northwest Lithuania and southwest Latvia. If not com- pletely cut off as the Germans said, Memcl was isolated and totter- iWg.' The Germans, going even far- ther than the Russian announce- ments, said the battle for East Prussia had begun with Soviet assaults from three aihe north against -Jlemelland J and the frontier city of Tilsit, from the east, as confirmed' by Moscow, and from the south hi Poland around Roian. i If.e twin victories in the south, iiwevcr, were heralded by an order the day from Premier Stalin and salutes from Moscow's cannon for the Russian-Romanian captors of Szeged and Cluj. In the drive that took Cluj, 70 other populated places fell in the same mountainous area. is 95 miles southeast of irtjdapest, and although Russian troops already were only 47 miles frcm the Hungarian capital at other points farther north, loss of that city of was a blow to the shaky morale of Hungary, last Ger- satellite of any consequence. Cluj, in the Transylvanian mountains, was a particularly pal- atable prize to the Romanians, wh( lost the city of and most o: Transylvania to Hungary in 1940 by ii German and now are wir it back with Soviet help. The Germans said the drive in Poland was in the sector around Roian, which is 47 miles north- cast of Warsaw and 40 miles southeast of East Prussia. They it with gaining six miles in a day under a titanic artillery barrage followed up by strong tank forces. A German spokesman describee the attack as proceeding along a 35-mile front roughly between Eozan cjhd Lomza. With the drives from Sakiai and Taurage already announced by the Russians, three of the five points built up against East Prussia thus were In action, with the one north- of Bialystock and that in the iwalkl triangle remaining quiet for tlie moment. Bordeaux Finally In French Hands YORK, Oct. U The British Information services said tonight that it had established that Bordeaux, one of France's most important Atlantic ports, is in the hands of the French Forces of the the agency said, "Until "no authoritative word had been received as to the fate of this port, union has not yet been reached by British or American forces." Churchill and Stalin Agree To Arbitrate Marshall Stali and Prime Minister Churchi have arranged to bring to gether leaders of two riva Polish factions far a show down conference. The Mos cow radio announced early to day leaders of the Polish Na tional Liberation cornmitte were already in the Sovie capital aria Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyk of the exiled Lon don government is ready t fly there. The Moscow broadcast, saifl that the chairmen of the So- viet-backed Polish National council and the National Libtr- ation committee were accompan- ied by Col. Gen. Eola-Zymierskl. Commander-in-chief ol their armed forces. Thus the stags was being set f o the two rival Polish factions to si down at the conference table will Stalin and Churchill serving as in termediaries to settle their diR pule _ the toughest dlplomatii headache facing the United Nations Poland Must Be a Nation, Says FDR pot, 11 (ff) 'tonigh Poland-must be "reconstituted, as aridvtoid. a group' o; Polish-American leaders thai "world opinion Is going to back up that objective." The White House Issued an ex- change of remarks between Mr Roosevelt and the leaders of the Po- lish American congress several hours after the congress delegates presented him a memorial urging that Poland's territorial Integrity be preserved. "You and I all agreed that Poland must be reconstituted as o grc'at the Presi- dent told (he head of the Po- lish American congress, Charles Kozmarck of Chicago. "Of he continued, "we should nil bear in mind tliat nobody here has accurate information about everything that is going on in Po- land. Even I, as president of the United States, with access to all of the information which is available, am not fully informed of the wholi story xxx. "The broad objective which we all seek is excellent. I am certain that world opinion Is going to back up that objective not only to re- constitute Poland as a strong na- tion, but also as a representative and peace-loving nation." PVT. II. D. CIIILDRESS Private Childress, a mitlre or A'ui- lene, entered service in January, 1942, and was attached to an ar- mored regiment. He trained at Fort Bennirig, Ga. Prior to entering serv- ice lie'was employed by the Abilene Builders' Supply company. He had been in France since the middle of August. Surviving are his wife; hi? Mrs. F. H. Howard of San Angelo; and two sisters, Mrs. Naomi Stowers of San Angelo and Mrs. Hamilton Davis of Sim Antonio. G. B. Dealey Rounds Out 70th Work Year DALLAS, Oct. G. B. Dealey finished his day's work today he rounded out 70 years con- tinuous connection with the oldest business institution in Texas. Dealey, 85, chairman of the board 3f the Dallas Morning News, worked his usual eight-hour tiny. His only concession to celebration was to mve lunch with .1 Rraup of news- wper friends and some of his early experiences. Lake Texoma Open DENISON, Oct. The joint compact commission of Tex- as and Oklahoma decided today to open Lake Texoma to fishing on Oct. 21. fT'S. TIME HAS RUN municipal theater (building with columns) stahds-in the center of this view of Aachen, German communications ranter now.under American air and artillery attack following the expiration of a surrender ultimatum. (AP Wirephotp) Noose Tightened On Balkan Nazis ROME, Oct. uhl in Greece and southern Albania an Russians and Yugoslav Partisans 1 the north drew tighter today th noose..around German forces re mairdhg in southeastern Europe. Allied, advances on these fron lave been so rapid the Germans a! ready may have abandoned hopes o a stand anywhere in the Balkans, The British .Al- bania, suppty port ftir the German i'arV Corfu hun- dred prisoners were taken in the action; and the- Germans on Corfu, last reported "to total a regiment, were isolated with lit- tle possibility of escaping: to the mainland. The Nazis retreating before ligh British forces in Greece and Al- iania are fighting cnly when trap> icd. There was no fresh news of the British column which surged hrough Corinth Monday withou iring a shot. This secured an oper- tional springboard only 40 miles rom Athens. Tho official Allied headquarters nnouncemenl said only that "pa- rolling is active" in Greece. Abilene Stores Will Close on 2 Holidays Abilene stores will close Armistice Day, Nov. II, and Thanksgiving ut It has not been determined just 'hat date the Thanksgiving holt- ay will be observed, Will Minter hairman of the chamber of com- lerce retail trade committee, said esterday. icai stores annually observe four nd a half days of closing for holl- ays, July 4, Armistice Day, Thanks- iving and Christmas and a half day or the West Texas Pair. This year President Roosevelt and 'ongress have set Nov. 23 for 'hanksglving and CJov. Coke Stcv- nson has proclaimed Nov. 30 as the oliday. "We'll see what other places do. what football games are scheduled, ook into every angle and then de- Mr. Minter said relative to le Thanksgiving closing date. Brussels off Bounds BRUSSELS. Belgrium. Oct. 11 This city of ice cream, beer, ovies and gay cafes was put out bounds tonlgnt to all American oops, and similar orders are to issued to British forces. 36th Memorial to Be Picked Saturday TEMPLE, Oct. of the winning architect In the 'prize competition fcr the best design.for the 36th Division memo- rial at Temple will be made when tie Jury of awards meets in Temple Saturday. Thirty-five designs have been sub- mitted in the contest, conducted by he Texas Society of Architects. WAR CHEST FUND DRIVE NEARER ITS GOAL Wednesday's contributions to the Taylor County War Cliest fund amounted to leaving to be collected In the cam- paign to raise Donations Tuesday, the first day of the drive, were with an additional contributed nt rallies at Hardin-Simmons univer- sity, Abilene Christian college, Abi- lene high school and McMurry col- lege. McMurry students donated 100 per cent to the War Chest fund at a rally held yesterday morning. A lotal of an average of about n A Jury consisting of two architects person, wnj .nd three laymen, will pass, judgment j Ovti jjau ot quota on the drawings. I for the fund liad been donated by I Sec H'AH CHEST, Fg. 11, Col. 3 Wednesday night, C. J. Glover, chairman, reported. Abilene negroes can and will raise their United War Chest quota but solicitors are finding it diffi- cult because donations by many negro people arc being counted by business concerns where they an employed, H. D. Cumby, pastor of the Macedonia Baptist church, said today. Cumby suggests that all donations to the United War Chest drive by nesro citizens be credited toward the quota assigned negroes of the city. This can be done, he said, by solicitors who collect money from negroes employed by local concerns, 11th Islet Invaded, Paiikpagan Is By The Associated Press Making their second new landin in the Palaus in three days, Ameri can forces increased to 11 their is land holdings in that group b sweeping unopposed onto tiny Bai rakaseru islet Tuesday, the nav announced at Pearl Harbor las night. The new landing, extending con lo Pick Coffon Virtually no response had been made last night to a plea from cot- ton growers for Abilene business men, their employes and others to save their bumper crop by assisting n pulling it. The plea was issUet Tuesday night. Not a person last night had notified Elmo Cook, county agri- cultural agent, of willingness to yid and Cook expressed keen disappointment. "We are hopeful the response ol tusinessmen and other citizens would be immediate, particularly ince most growers will Icsc heavily f their cotton is not pulled or pickrd Cook said. "But we still are aopeful we will get enough aid from ommunity-mindcd individuals to ave the crop." night a movement was start- d to get aid frcm soldiers and their amilies. The action was taken 'in tie light of a recent Army regula- ion permitting soldiers to do work utside hours of duty at their sta- ions. A pica also was made to Abi- lene school officials, including the three college's, for coopera- tion from students and faculty. Assurance was given by II. S. Fatherrce, principal of the high school, that all students would be told of the move and their as- sistance would he asked. Officials of Abilene Christian col- cge, McMurry college and Hardin- Immons university discussed the lea Tuesday and began working out Inns which may produce seme cot- on pickers. However, nothing def- nite was announced. Cook said sufficient labor to har- cst the crop is not obtainable and housands of dollars will be lost if bilenc resident's do not rally to id the growers. The prevailing age scale will be paid nnd trans- ortation furnished from the agri- See COTTO'.V, PB, II, Col. 2 The Weather DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER fU-RTAi; ABILENE AM) VICINITV Fair liuraday and Friday, little change in EAST TEXAS; Fair rontcr fxtrrn ist and extreme smith portions Thur Friday fair, little chance in ler :rnture. WEST TKXAK: Fair. lIMIn ohanjre mperatiire rxcept conlcr Dp) III area and Bis; mil y Thursday. Friday partly rlnudy. ihnwcr.i and warmer 111 Paso area, Rend country and Prrrn valley. TEMPERATURES trol over the southern half of bases within 515 miles of the Philippines followed a Sunday invasion of Gar- akayo. which was secured in 2- hours. Of the-11 Palau Islands in Yank hands, the most important is Peleliu which has an air base from which planes are blasting Nipponese hold- ings to the. north, .in the saine tbjd Corsaiw at BabeHhuap. .stiJJ are holding out'ori peleliii where, latest reports said, the Marines had exploded art ammunition dump. Bairakaseru 1ft a little over nine miles northwest of Pelellu.. American airmen, determined to wreck one of Japan's chief sources of aviation gasoline and lubricating oit, were reported by Gen. Douglas MacArthur today to have lashed Balik-Papan on Dutch Borneo for four solid hours, yank heavy bombers unloaded LheJr explosives on refineries and airdromes in a strike at Balikpnpan last Sunday night. It was the fifth there since Oct. 1 from advanc- ed Allied air bases in the Southwest Pacific. The daring venture of an Anieri- in carried task force that sent waves of planes against Japanese islands within 200 miles of the Nip- pon homeland caused radio Tokyo yesterday to broadcast warnings to .he people of the empire that the attacking Yang ships are "still lurk- n g" nearby. The news from China war fronts was meager, Thore was no official vord about the situation in the Cweilin nnd Poochow sectors. The 'apancse were last reported stalled 25 miles from Kweilln, Kwangsi H'ovincial capital and key of China's southern defenses. The Japanese claimed capture of 'oochow a week ago but the Chin- f EC have insisted fighting continu-1 d In the port city's northern sub- urbs. In the Poochow sector th 87 M 71 II 71 78 MlKh .iiid m.: rift IHxh and I U a n fl Minxtt Imt Snnrlur thli nlihl: mornhif: Recreation Center [o Open by Nov. 15 Indications the Abilene Youth Recreation center in Pair park ie opened no later than Nov. 15 given yesterday as lenders in he movement to establish the sile sited the park to map procedure The woman's building, which will e used as the center, was inspcct- d by park officials, an architect nd workmen to sec what changes ill be necessary. It was dotermi.i- d little work will neec1 to be done, side from removal of a few parti- tions and some treatment to the floor. The co.st of such work, was said last night, will be slight. Before the ceiucr may be opened additional rest room fp.cllltlns must be considered. The WPB Indicated yesterday it will approve an appli- cation for the project speedily. Bong Runs String Of Nippons to 30 ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New Guinea, Thursday, Oct. Mp.j. Rlchnrd Ira Bc-ng, leading American ace. has run his string to 30 Japanese planes shot down. Recently returned to action as a gunnery instructor ol the Fnr East- ern Alrforcc, the Poplar, WIs., flier wns credited oiflclally with downing two more enemy aircraft. ment as the shells marched across ts length and breadth nnd high ex- jloslve and fire bombs raked it from iiid to end. At tunes the German :it'y was completely blanketed with moke: It was the "ruthless" destruction promised in the American ultimn- ,um. To the west, Canadian forces lowly but steadily closed a strangle- iold on Nazis who from two sides f the Schclde estuary have prc- ented Allied exploitation of the real Belgian port of Antwerp, trough which a stream oi men, uns end supplies could be poured or the assault of Germany. The Allies captured Antwerp it- self almost Intact, with its miles of docks apparently in working order. Thus only the clearing of the long, winding 5-mile estuary which con- nects it with the sea was necessary to open Europe's second largest port to a flood of Allied shipping. Farther south Americans captur- ed PaiToy, 20 miles east of Nancy, cleared the enemy from Parroy and sccrcd gains cast of Luncville and Epinal. House-to-house fighting raged inside Maizlerc, six miles north of Metz. Headquarters rc- (juiiccl progress was made in the Champagney region west of Bel- fort gap. Wierd Battle on forfrDriant By EDWARD D. BALI, U.S. THIRD ARMY HEADQUAR- TERS, Oct. of ths war's weirdest battles raged today beneath Fort Drlant guarding Meta with doughboj's nnd Germans at opposite ends of a curving tunnel trying to blast each other out with ricochet shots oft the tunnel walls. Lt.-Oen. George S. Patton's troops were using rifles, rnachineguns and bazookas, and the Germans were replying in kind with carom shots flashing and crashing through the darkened tunnel, The battle of the curving tun- nel developed after the Ameri- cans found it unfeasible to use blasting charges against the Germans because the fumes were detrimental to the attackers. The tunnel which is the center ot the fighting runs from the Yank- held south end of Fort Driant un- derneath one of the three main big gun batteries to the southeast corner. The opposing sides are so close to- gether in the narrow passage that they cari hear each other's orders. Japs Dead U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD- QUAKTERS, Pear! Harbor, Oct. U Japanese dead in the Paiau campaign totallsd through Tuesday, headquarters announced today, disclosing that 184 civilians had been interned on Angaur, southernmost of the invaded islands. UP FRONT WITH MAULD1N "Did ya ever see so many furrlncrs, Joel ;