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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 10, 1944, Abilene, Texas NIWS [UMAT MORNING VOL. LXIV, NO. 114 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXAgTU7 AS Associated Press (AP) United Presi FIVE CENTS ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 10, 1944 FAQES )st Army Fights Into Aachen Outskirts Reds Push Nearer to Prussia; Cut Last Transylvania Escape Nazi Baltic Iscape Route IJnderFire By W. W. HERCHEB LONDON, Oct. Russian troops swept to with- in artillery range of the last German escape roads out of the Baltic today, capturing points only three miles from German East Prussia and 12 miles from the big Baltic port f Memel, a Moscow communi- mie announced tonight. In Hungary the Russians cut the last major Jltght route out of Transylvania by seizing a 25-mile retch ot the Debrecen-Budapest ilway, and both Berlin and Mos- cow broadcasts said the Red army was storming Szolnok. 50 miles from Budapest, after crossing the Tisza river, last natural delense line bc- Ure the Hungarian capital. Soviet troops in northern Yugo- slavia crossed the lower Tisza river in a flanking move on southern Hungary, the Moscow bulletin said. In western Lithuania the Rus- overran 300 more villages, ad- vancing up to 17 miles on a 175- mile front between the Latvian bor- der and the Niemen river. They were on the .verge of crossing into East Prussia and trapping perhaps Germans strung out between mel and Riga, Latvian capital. Riga; itself was further im- periled by Soviet troops seiz- ing points only 13 miles from the strongly-defended citadel, already outflanked on the north iftby a Red army. Invasion ol Saare Island at the top df-the--! Gulf of Riga. Borlin said Gen. Ivan C. Bagra- mian first Baltic army commander, had now hurled nearly of his army and attached third nite Russian Army units into the expanding battle aimed at crushing finally the German Baltic holdings and lopping off Germany's eastern most province. The lower arm of the Soviet Oncers was developing in northern Toland where Gen. G. P. ZakharoVs second White Russian army units again successfully repulsed savage German attacks on their west bank bridgehead the Narew river Jiist below pre-war German terri- ibry in the Pultusk sector, 30 miles north of Warsaw. Moscow dispatches said the im- pendlr." assault on East Prussia would be one of the heaviest en- gagements of the entire war be- fAiuse the Germans have been mov- ing troops of 'all classes and ages into the province, instructing them to "protect the gates to Berlin." ol Made for Heifer CAUTIOUS ADVANCE TOWARD cautiously under fire, these heavy weapons company infantrymen of the U. S. First Army prepare to dash over a hill- top in their drive through Holland to the German border a few miles, away. Photo by Harry Harris, Associated Press photographer for the wartime still .picture .poll. (AP New Palau Isle Invaded Quickly Inland FLEET ,-P e 1- CHEYENNE, Wyo., Oct. 9 Wyoming Hereford ranch a new world's record to- night, reporting a bid at en auction this afternoon at the ranch near here for a pure bred The' heifer, Lady Lill 15th, was I'jought by John E. Owen, River- side, Calif. A total of 61 animals were auc- tioned for averaging per iinimal. Bunch officials said the previous highest bid for a heifer was P. W. Anderson of Morris. Ill entered the highest the auctioning of 27 bulls. Mrs. Anderson bid for the bull Helsman II at the sale. The second highest bid of was made by the fgjush Creek ranch of Saratoga, Tv-.VO. The 27 bulls auctioned brought a total of U. S. PACIFIC- HEADQUARTERS, "Ha'rb'or, Oct. ments of the 81st infantry di- vision landed Sunday on tiny Garakayo. islet, 2 1-2 miles north of Peleliu in the Palau group, Adrh. Chester W. Nim- itz announced tonight. They quickly established and se- cured a beachhead, advancing in- land against light opposition, the admiral said in a communique. This Is the tenth islet in the southern Palaus to be invaded by American forces, since the main landings on Peleliu Sept. 14 (U. S. The other nine islands are securely held by the Americans, except for small last-ditch resistance pockets on Peleliu and Anguar, six miles southward. By The Associated Tress A powerful attack by American warships on little Marcus island, Pacific sentinel on the southeast sea approach to Tokyo, was reported Monday by Adm. Chester 'W. Nim- itz. All day Sunday, the admiral said in a special communique, big Navy guns threw tons of hot steel from fairly close range into military ob- jectives on the island just miles southeast of Tokyo. The glis- tering bombardmenl, which Tokyo hinted included the 16-inch rifles of battleships, was directed against i coast defense batteries, most of which were silenced, and shore in- stallations. There was "eonsidera- ble damage." The attacking warships were from Adm. 'William F. Halsey's mighty third fleet. Pearl Harbor and Tokyo reports made no mention of air ac- tion by either side. Lack of Japanese opposition, especially aerial, might indi- cate (hat the Japanese have practically abandoned Marcus, former important Navy air base. The Island Is a strategic ob- servation outpost. American carrier planes hit Mar- The Weather S. DErARTMENT OF COMMERCE WKATIIEB I1UREAU ABILENi: AM) VICINITY: Tartly cloudy, silently warmer Tuesday and cloudy. ,l.thl. ii- warmer Tuesday and Wednesday. 4BWTST Partly cloudy and tllenlly warmer Tuesday; Wednesday oV51.' (IT I........ HI A3 01 lid III 71 .10. .11. (12 72 .....IS llpli null Inw temperatures to 1) p. and i'ow same dale lasl year: fiunsel ].'5t nlcht: Sunrise mornlm: Suliset tonight: cus three times previously and on each strike met heavj air opposi- tion, In an earlier communique Ad- miral Nimitz reported Japanese dead on Peleliu and Angaur islands, in the Palaus 515 miles east of the Philippines, total prisoners 225 He also told of air raids In the Volcano and Marshall islands and on Rabelthuap, in the Palaus, Wake and Nauru. Gen. Douglas MacArlhur's south- west Pacific communique today told 01 aerial strikes at Zamroanga, southwest Philippines, and Balik- papnn, Dutch Borneo oil center. Heavy bombers, with fighter es- Sce PACIFIC, Page 13, Col. 6 Today's Broadcasts National committee 5-minute speaker, Dr. Frank Klngdon. re-broad- cast of Gov. Thomas E. Dewcy's speech at Charleston, W. Va., spon- sored by Republican national com- mittee. RA11SYOUIH, NOW ARMY PRIVATE, STAR FARMER year-old Texan, his' agricultural ca- reer ;n'ow interrupted.' by military, service, Is the 1944 Star Farmer of America. He is Elton Ellison, son of Mr. and Mrs. Amd. Ellison of near Rails, Tex., who was announced tonight as the winner of the grand award of the weekly Kansas City Star at the nth annual convention of the Fu- ture Farmers of America. LIDICE REPEATED IN TWO VILLAGES NEW YORK, Oct. The massacre of Lidice has been repeated in two more Czechoslovak vill ages, the Czechoslovak information ser- vice in London has announced, according to NBC short wave monitors. On Oct. 4, the -hamlets of Solnaa Bama and Huilcik, in Slovakia northeast of Prcsov and not far .from the present battleline, were completely ob- literated by the Nazis and their inhabitants' were slaughtered, the information service report- ed. been -tenant-. farmerVuntil .recently was Well started farmer, had the land, equipment and livestock, when he.received his call from Uncle Sam a few, weeks ago. He- got his vocational agriculture training, starting In 1937, when the family was living hear Cooper, Tex. That year, with money he had saved and borrowedj he put in-eight acres of cotton, and'two of milo on land rented from his father, and netted in 1942 he struck out lor him- Nazis Bring Up Reserve in Italy ROME, Oct. 9 Ger- mans have thrown fresh and refit-, ted troops into their defense line I south of Bologna and Imola in an' effort to check American Fifth Army attacks which have brought Ih2 network of railways and high- ways radiating from Bologna with- in range of big American guns. The latest reported gains carried Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark's dough- boys two more miles along highway 65 between the twin mountains of Castellazi and Barbarolo, and placed them only 10 miles from Bologna's southern outskirts, but the Nazis still held strong hill positions from which to fight delaying actions. Deep mud in the Appennines and frequent blinding rainstorms com- plicated the Allied supply problem and made it difficult to bring con- centrations of artillery against the enemy's prepared positions. There were renewed indications that the Nazis are preparing to flee to the Alps when the finally break out Into the Po val- ley. Patriot forces reported increas- ing disorder in the enemy's banks in the Milan area and s.ald the Ger- mans there already were placing de- molition charges in anticipation of a general withdrawal. self, buying a tractor and renting a farm. His crops included 191 acres cf milo, 19.6 acres of cotton, four of sudan and he fed out 32 hogs. His labor income, for the 1942-43 period was Then with he advanced, he and his father pur- chased the 260-acre farm on which the family now lives, Elton claiming a 10 per cent Interest, The family moved onto the farm the first of this year. .In addition to working the new farm with.his father, Elton re_nted an adjoining 270 acres on which he has raised 100 acres cf cotton, 160 acres of milo and 10 acres of sudan this year. On the home father and son have 120- acres ol cotton, 185 acres of milo, n acres of sudan, 10 acres of hegari, 64 hogs four dairy cattle, two beef cattle and 350 white leghorns. Lost July 8. Elton married an 18- year-cld neighbor girl. He is sta- tioned at Camp Roberts, Calif. All Main Highways Of Escape Severed SUPREME HEADQUUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Tuesday, Oci. shook today under assault by American forces who cut all main roads, narrowed the escape route to a shell-raked mile and a half, and fought into the southern outskirts.of that .German frontier industrial city of population, now reduced to ruins and a slim garrison of The last main road out of the city was severed yesterday when U. S. First Army troops stormed the hamlet of Haaren, while doughboys driving down from the north fought to Wurselen, only a mile and a half to the north and command- ing all small roads still left to the Germans. Supreme headquarters declared that every counter-at- tack which'the Germans had thrown into relieve the city had been repulsed. Berlin ra War Chest Drive Launched Today Brig. Gen, Roy. C. Heflebower, commanding general of the ASPTC, Camp Barkeley, will be principal speaker for the opening of the Tay- lor county War Chest drive at a cof- fee and doughnut. Session today at a.m. In the crystal ballroom of the Hilton hotel. E. W. Berry, general chairman of the campaign, will be master of ceremonies. Berry urged leaders and workers to attend Uie opening ses- sion. Latter part of the program will be conducted by David Evans, spe- cial service officer, ASFl'C. Special music will be presented by the Swlngettes, five Camp Barkeley mu- sipians' from the' Punantics show. Fielder will give the invoca- tion. Meeting Monday afternoon for briefing at drive headquarters were Morgan Jones, Jr., and his group which included W. J. Pulwiler, W. P. Wright. Henry James, Malcolm C. W. Gill, S. M. Jay, George Minter, C. M. Caldwell, Price Camp- bell, T. C. Campbell, Sr., John Ray I. W. .Hoover, E. P. Mead, Merle Gruver, J. E. McKenzie, .L. W. Davis, O. C. Williams, A. B. Barrow, Vic Behrens and Bill Haynes. Walter Adams met Monday with his group. Reporting- were John Waldrop, who will contact furniture dealers; Me) Thuraian. photograph- ers; H. E. Kuykendall, typewriter and supply concerns; Herman Mc- Daniel, music companies; and Mary Kneifl, beauty shops. Base Pilot Unhurt in Emergency Landing Lt. Wallace R. Lundie of Rich- mond, Va. was uninjured yesterday afternoon and his plane only slight- ly damaged when his P-47 was forced down in an emergency land- ing 2 1-2 miles northeast of the Abilene Army Air base. Lieutenant Lundie was on a com- bat mission frnm the base. A board of qualified army offi- cers will investigate cause of the emergency landing, announced Col. Harry Weddlnelbn, base command- FRONT WITH MAULDIN How Much to Boot? TULSA, Okla., Oct. sified ad under the "Let's Swap" heading in the Tulsa Tribune1. 'miuacd engagement and wed- ding ring; want automatic shot- "I'm gonna send this home an' scare my gal oulla foolln' around wit' farriion sojers dio said the latest counter- attacks were launched nine miles north of Aachen during the afternoon. (The German propaganda ma- chine began preparing the invaded nation for the shock of hearing th'at the old seat of Charlemagne's government had fallen. (A Berlin military commentator declared that a general assault "on the Inner walls of .fortress Europe' had begun 'and the Allies, deter- mined on ending the war before winter, were striking with equa fury "from the east, west anc The gnzi drive of the U.S. First Army rolled on toward the heart of'Adolf Hitler's war tentlal In (he Ruhr and Rhine- land, and spirited fighting was reported at the approaches to Durcn and Jnllch. Duren is of Aachen and 20 miles 'front'.'poiognK and the roai junction-of jullbh, 10 miles north west; df- 'BUretv is..23 miles from Cologne. The Americans last were reported little more than seven miles from Julich and six from Duren. A field dispatch said the Dough- boys driving into Aachen were at- tacking the garrison with bazookas machlneguns and rifles. .The main assault on the city which Hitler has ordered defendec to the. )ast, had yet to begin, how- ever, and the fact that the Firs Army was forced to amash back three fierce counterattacks Monday before resuming the advance show cd that the battle was far from over. A similar fate appeared shap- ing up for the fortress of IMctz In northern France. There the U.S. Third Army cut 300 yards deeper into the underground defenses of Port Driant, four miles west, while Its offensive on a 20-mile front to the south was swinging slowly northward toward an cncrrclcment. On the southern end of the 460- mile front, the vengeful French o the U.S. Seventh Army were slug- ging down the last eight miles t Bclfort on the road to the southern Rhineland and the black forest o Bavaria. The Canadian First Army along the sea opened a drive to clear some Germans from the Schelde river blocking use of the Belgian port of Antwerp, landing forces In a bold amphibious opera- tion behind enemy troops fighting on the south bank, and all but cut- ting the last escape road to the east. Tile grinding drive of the U.S. Piist Army was threatening a break-through on a 20-mile front before Cologne, on the west bank of the Rhine, and Dusseldorf, at the gateway to the Ruhr valley. The two cities were from If, to 30 miles beyond Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' advanced elements. Before the road from Aachen, ancient coronation city of Teu- tonic kings, northeast to Co- logne finally was slashed the Germans dealt three counter- blows at commanding heights north of the village of Veriau- tenhclde, three miles northeast of Aachen. Their comrades on the north seized the village of Bardenberg and fought a mile south to the edge of the village of Wurselen, through which these secondary roads thread. Wurselen is three miles north of Aachen. American forces pressing on cast from their original Siegfried line breakthrough north of Aachen at Oidtweiler. were within 7 1-2 miles of Julich, a communications center where one good all-weather road runs 26 miles northeast to Dussel- dorf and another heads 23 miles due east to Cologne. COL. GEORGE C. NIELSEN COL. VICTOR W. B. WALES New Commander Named for Camp Col. George C. Nielsen, camp control officer since Juna 26, has been named commanding officer at Camp Barkeley, succeeding Col. Victor W. B. Wales who has been camp com- mander since Oct. 1, 1943. Colonel Wales will leave Wednesday morning for Jerome, Five Killed DENVER, Oct. big game hunting season, wli.ch start- ed Saturday, had resulted in five deaths In shootings and three in automobile accidents. Hope For More Gas Gets Setback ANbELEST' terior Secretary Harold "t. Ickes today any immediate1 hopes have for increased gasoline allotments with the asser- tion that "we are not Interested in building civilian reserves but only in supplying the armed forces until the war is completed." arc producing about barrels of 100-octane dally now, and this may mean more than 100- octane in grade, for as we approach production capacity we Improve the he said In a. press 'con- ference. "This certainly doesn't mean in- creased supplies for civilians', but It means the amount needed to com- plete the he added. "When the war in Europe ends we will need greatly increased amounts for the Pacific theater. You tell us when the war is going to end, and we'll tell you something about additional civilian gasoline." Output of Octane To Surpass Needs WASHINGTON, Oct. put of 100-octane gasoline this month will surpass combat and training needs for the first lime Petroleum Administrator Harold L Ickes reported today. The expanded production will al- low the government to start build- ing up a working reserve of avlatior fuel and permit refiners to go aheac an improved for B-29's fighters and lines which with production of super aviation fuel B-32's, carrier-based other planes with new em need a better gasoline. Hitler's Escape Heavily Bombed LONDON. Oct. .the beginning of the war to the end of September, 1944, the RAF bomber command dropped 60.868 long tons U. S. tons) of bombs on targets in Germany, Italy and oc- cupied Europe, with more than half of the total weight falling on the Reich proper. The figures were released today by the air ministry on the heels of the greatest 24-hour assault in the history of air war attacks led the Daily Mail to predict: "11 is now considered conceivable that If Germany continues to fight until 1945, the end of the war will find her entire industrial power vir- tually out of existence." St. Paul Contributes to Drive Due to ft1 typographical error In Sunday's edition of The Reporter- News, it was stated incorrectly that St. Paul Methodist church members h.ive given ovpr tu the build- ing and endowment fund campaign of McMurry college. St. Paul given well campaign, Methodist church has Ark., where he is to be com- mander of a prisoner of war camp 'being activated at that place. Formerly used for Japanese. In- ternees, the Arkansas camp is being converted Into a prison for officers of the German army who have been captured In French, Italian and North African campaigns. Colonel Nielsen, the new camp commander, has-, been In the regu- lar army since accepting an. ap- pointment May 20, 1918, As a grad- uate of an officer camp. Colonel re- serve commission as tenant in 15, 1917. Before coming to.Damp Barkeley last June, Cslonel Nielsenvwas per- sonnel director for the Eighth Ser- vice Command, Dallas. Prior to that he had served as a staff officer ot the 95th and 106th infantry visions. During World War I the new camp commander was an officer oj the loth infantry division but didn'j get overseas. After the armistice signed he was sent to Siberia with; Uoops anil Vila Eervlc.9 since then has been at numerous army posts, within and without con- tinental limits of the United States. Colonel Nielsen Is a native of Min- nesota and has a bacnelor of arts degree from Hamline university of Minnesota. His wife accompanied him to Abilene in June. They have one son, Jim W., now on duty at a navy bomber school at- Northville, N. C. Prior to that, young Nielsen was on duty for two years at Corpus Chrlstl naval base as a radar in- structor. Officers of Camp Bsrkeley will bid farewell to Colonel Wales at a reception at the camp officers club at this afternoon. Colonel Wales said last night that he had greatly enjoyed his stay in Abilene and that he wanted to ex- press his sincerest appreciation to officials of the city, to law enforce- ment officers and to The Abilene Reporter-News for the excellent co- operation that had been accorded him during his tour of duty as Camp Barkeley commander. Colonel Wales Is a 1916 graduate of the United States Military acade- my. West Point, and has been on, duty with the army since that time. The retiring camp commander is, according to army venacular, an "Army in that he was bom on an army post and reared under the shadow of the flag. His father was a medical officer at Fort Apache, Ariz., when the colonel was born. His paternal grandfather, Phillip S. Wales, once was surgeon general ol' the navy, and his ma- ternal grandfather, Brig. Gen. Wil- liam E. Beck, fought with. Theodore Roosevelt at San Juan Hill. Colonel Wales' only son followed in his father's footsteps as an army man and was Milled in action dur- ing landings in North Africa two years ago next month. Since becoming commander at Camp Barkeley Colonel Wales has cooperated with any and all worth- while civic enterprises. In August he served as honorary coach of the Camp Barkelcy-Army Air Forces all-star football team that played the Brooklyn Tigers in Abilene, and was materially responsible for get- ting the all-star team organized. Colonel Nielsen said last night he planned no changes In the station complement staff. The colonel Is the fourth camp commander at. Barkeley since the huge military installation was first occupied by troops early In 1941. Col. Fay W. Brabson was the first. camp commander. He was suc- ceeded by Col. Htra-y A. Finch, and OVL-I to the the latter was suceedcd last October 1 by Colonel Wales. ;