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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 5, 1944, Abilene, Texas 0 "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT yOL. LXIV, NO. 109 A TEXAS SmtU, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 5, 1944 PAGES Associated Press (AP) Vnlted Press PRICE FIVE CENTS Tanks Through Siegfried Hole Soviets, Partisans 15 Miles From Belgrade NAZI FORT SURRENDERS TO U. S. German (above) rushes out of a Nazi-held fort on the coast o: France to wave a huge white flag of surrender to the U. S plane circling overhead, which was directing the fire of the big g'.uis of the U. S. S. Quincy (below) a few miles off- shore. The plane photographed. the surrender, then radioec warship that it could cease the was "Advance Chest .Givers Sought Advance gifts committee of th Taylor Comity 'War chest drlv headed by Morgan Jones Jr., launch ed yesterday it's campaign for gifl .preceding formal opening of th 'drive next Tuesday morning. Coincidentally, E. W. Berry, general chairman of the cam- paign announced Brig. Gen. Roy C. "Eflcbcwer, commanding gen- eral of the Army Service Forces f Training center at Camp Barke- ley, would address the break- fast to be held Tuesday morn- ing to open the general appeal. Chairman Jones announced mem bershlp of the advance gifts com imittce as follows: W. J. Fulwiler P. Wright. Henry James, Mai colm M. Meek, C. W. Gill. S. M Jay. George I. Minter, C. M. Cald well. Price Campbell, T. C. Cainp hell Sr., John B. Ray, I. W. Hoover E. P. Mead, Merle Griiver, J. B. Me yKinzie, L. W. Davis. O. C. Williams A. B. Barrow, Victor Behrens, W W. Hayncs. Johnnie M. Waters, Albany, Is Missing ALBANY, Oct. 4 Pfc Johnnie M. Waters. 23, son of Mrs Lula Waters of Albany, hss been missing in action in France since Sept. 15, the War' department (ied his mother today. The Weather DEPARTMENT Of COMMERCE Jf WEATHER BUREAU AnrLKNE ANn uhlv cloudy anrf N-arrnr.r Thursday parity rlnndy Friday with mile chsnU' III lempprihirf. EAST rlondlnri Thursday. U'armrr In iinrlti and wcs rfntral. portions. Friday partly cloudy, Thui and Frldnv. AVarmir Thursday. d fl.ni. Tiir fl? I HOUR Wrd p.m. Tun ;i fi2 ;.i. IK Xt fi.l ,17 .10. fifth mid low (cmp 7ft unil Hlrh nnrt law mtnr tiJind Vinnrt l.isl nifjit: Ihlft Buntet tonifbt; U9. 1 (11 -fis -57 -51 dalr in it year: Bricker Urges 'Truthful' Talk ST! LOUIS, Oct. John W. Bricker, appealing for a "sincere, straightforward and truth- ful" political campaign, told a na- tionwide radio audience tonight: "Cynicism, innuendo, flippant re- marks, evasion and synthetic humor have no part in tills wartime cam- paign.'! The Republican candidate for vice president, speaking from, Kiel au- New Blow Is Hit Hungary. Enemy Says LONDON, Thursday, Oct. 5 Red army, now joined with Marshal Tito's Partisans in a campaign to drive the Germans out oJ Yugoslavia, gained a point only 15 miles from the capital city of Belgrade yesterday iii a spectacular 27-mile advance across open country to the northeast. Belgrade appeared ready to fall soon, perhaps in a day, unless the Germans offer more resistance than they have put up so far against the new offensive on the capital from the north and east, the opening of which was announced only 24 hours ago: Knifing overland so swiftly as to suggest the Nazis were able to put up but little fight after long harassing: by the Partisans, the Russians captured the rail- way towns of Ranatska Kral- jevicevo, 15 miles northeast ot Belgrade, Crepajo, 16 miles north of the capital, Debilyacha, 18 miles north, and Banaska Novo Xg miles northeast, Moscow announced in its mid- night communique. One hundred miles southeast of Belgrade, other Red forces rail, network over which the Germans must es- cape from the Balkans, outflanked the three-way fail junction of Zaje- car, capturing the town of Vr'atar- nica nine miles to the south, and penetrated to within 40 miles of the important junction of His astride :he main railway from Bulgaria and Greece. .Berlin report-id that the Rus- sians in cooperatipn with Ro- manian troops had struck a new blow at the heart of Hun- gary along a broad front south of Oradea, but tonight's brief war bulletin from Moscow told only of actions on the Yugoslav front, Oredea is in Transylvania, 135 miles southeast of Budapest and 165 northeait of Belgrade. Reports from Stockholm des- xibed the Soviet advance against Belgrade as a and in Moscow Lt. Gen. Velimcr Tersic, hdef of the Yugoslav military mis- ion In the Soviet union, declared hat the war In Yugoslavia now has cached a "decisive stage." Capture of Belgrade would add to .loscow's prestige in the Balkans nd provide a tonic for Marshal 'ito's Partisans, who have fought he Germans at great odds." WASHINGTON, Oct. President Roosevelt will on the air tomorrow night for his second campaign speech, di- rected to Democratic party workers throughout the nation. The talk is scheduled for 9 p. m. (Abilene lime) orer CBS and Mutual. CIVILIANS FLEE DUNKERQUE AS ALLIES TOE MARK FOR ATTACK By WILLIAM F. BONI CANADIAN FIRST ARMY HEADQUARTERS, France, Oct. Haggard civilian refugees streamed out into the countryside from Dun- kerque today1 as Canadian and British troops impatiently awaited the end of a 48-hour truce before renewing their assault on the historic port where the "miracle of Dunkerque" occurred in the spring of 1940. At 6 p. m. Friday, after the beleaguered Nazi garrison has had time to dynamite and mine the entrances to the refugee road, Allied troops and armor will begin storming the last channel port still in enemy hands. There was a strong likelihood that the Germans would surrender quickly, as they did after making a similar gesture last week at Calais. Armistice terms were agreed upon at a conference yesterday between representatives of the British and German commanders after Allied artillery had laid down a terrific preliminary bombardment on the town, which had a normal peacetime population of 35.000. The first of some 20.000 civilians remaining In Dunkerque began taking to the roads in to- day's first cold light. It was from Dunkerque that British, French, Belgian an-< Eutch troops were evacuated to England in six terrible days and nigh that climaxed Hitler's smashing victories in the Low Countries an Prance. The dramatic rescue by hundreds of warships and pleasur craft of the bulk of the British Expeditionary Force probably saved Bi tain from Immediate invasion and defeat. Nippon Invaders at Foochow Outskirts By The Associated Press Japanese pressure on two major Battle fronts in war-torn China yesterday carried ths Nippon invad- ers chow, the last big east coast sea- port still in Chinese hands, and posed a new threat to strategic Kweilin in Kwangsi province. A delayed dispatch from an Associated Press war corres- pondent In China said U. S. airmen, forced to evacuate and ditorium, after attending the open ing game of the world series, added in a text released by his campaigi staff: "Our sons are pressing the figh for freedom around the world Many of them are suffering the ag onies of death and disease. We owe it to them ant) to ourselves to con- duct this campaign with the same devotion to duty and high spiritua purpose that they are showing en the field of battle." The Ohio governor referred to the Sept. 23 speech of President Roose- 'clt for the first time with these words: "It was a speech of evasion, of lame-calling, of muddled humor. He rfcd to laugh off the confusion, In- ompetence, waste and bungling of he New Deal." 5FC Awarded to Odessa Sergeant WASHINGTON, Oct. War department announced the ward of the Distinguished Flying iross to the following personnel of he U. S. 8th air force: T. Sgt. Ernest L. Frazler, box 933, 'ampa, Tex., and S. Sgt. Rayford L. roster, Odessa ,Tex. )desso Bar Host ODESSA, Oct. Joe B. Joolcy, Amarlllo, president the talc Bur of Texas, will deliver the rlnclpal address before the 70th idlcial district bar association here ext Monday evening. :ifth Army Moves Nearer to Bologna ROME, Oct. W) American ifth army troops have readied a point within 15 miles of Bologna, important German communication center in northern Italy, in a drive slowed by mud and bitter Nazi re- sistance, Allied headquarters an- nounced today. Clearing skies allowed Allied bom- bers to resume support of the nor- thern Italy offensive and gave promise of better footing. The British Eighth army on the Adriatic sector was still stalled on the banks of the flooded Fiumlcino. Strike Shuts 9 War Factories DETROIT, Oct. tion of aircraft sub-assembles, avia- tion engines, guns, truck parts and other war material In the Detroit area was slowed down today and was threatened with a complete stoppage as more than main- tenance workers Involved in a wage dispute with the War Labor board left their jobs and forced approxi- mately persons into Idleness. The strike, bcffun despite pleas of International United Automobile Workers (CIO) of- ficers that it he deferred pend- ing a scheduled hearing: with the WLB, closed nine factories and slowed down production In 15 others. Tlie inclurted among the members of the maintenance, construction and powerhouse coun- cil. 0AW-CIO. voted Monday to quit worjc in 300 Detroit area war plants but were instructed to re- main at work after the WLB ad- vised UAW international officers it would "take no action under the duress of a strike threat." The maintenance men are skilled and semi-skilled workers, including millwrights, steamfitters. tinsmiths, sheet metal workers, welders, black- smiths, carpenters, electricians, machine repair men and other re- lated trade workers. destroy six of their seven for- ward bases in eastern China, from their lone- remaining.'airdrome in an ef- "Rising Sim.tide in KiFangsi-'-' Radio Tokyo, heard by FCC, an nounced the "'death of seven add tional Japanese real admiral bringing to 19 the total of fatal tics of that rank within the las month. The Chinese high command re ported fighting less than 8 hal dozen miles east of Foochow, isr major east China seaport the Nip ponese do not control. Tlie Japa nese .launched the Foochow drlv from points where they landed o the Fuklen coast. On the Kwingsl front, wher Kwetlln Is the objective, the Japs nese captured tlie railroad town o Hingan. It 31 miles northeast o Kweilin. It appeared the invadei were attempting to outflank Kwel Iln on tlie west. In blood-stained Hunan pro- vince the Japanese eased the pressure on the left flank of their Kweilin offensive as they broke into Chang-ninff, 37 miles south of Hcngyang. fight- ing: raged at Taoching, on the Nippon right flank, where the Chinese repulsed a dozen at- tacks. Preston Grover. Associated Pres war correspondent. In an Oct. dispatch from the last major Am ?rican air base In east China, sale he Yank fliers were making a rics perate nttainnt to slow the Japa- nese in Kwaiigsl. He said the Japa- nese, are raiding the base nightly. JURORS ASK ELIMINATION OF SOUTH IflH TRAFFIC HAZARD "Elimination of a traffic hazard on South 14th Just west of the South Side Junior high school was recom- mended Wednesday by a 42d district nd jury, which returned 11 In- dictments. In Investigating traffic accidents, we feel that the following recom- mendation of the 42cl district grand iury should be carried out: "That the street at south 14th, iiist west of the Junior high school se straightened out, am) sldrwnlks milt to accomodate the passage of school children to keep thnn "out of he streets io avoid the handed Judge Milburn S. jOng by Maurice E. Hafner of Lawn, v.ry foreman, said. The recommendation was made nfter the jury had looked Into the accident a week ago Saturday In whlrh Kverclt Mr- Cnllnngh, 13, of 1333 South ISfli, wan falally Injured when struck by an automobile driven hy 1st Set. Elmer O. Short of Camp Barkeley. The Jury told there are no sidewalks in Ihe vicinity anil it Is necessary fr.r children and others to walk in the street. No Indictment was returned in the case Wednesday. The jury will resume delibera- tions at a.m. Friday. The 11 Indictments filed with the court included: Phyllis Lollo alias Phyllis Hamil- ton, six charges of check swindling, involving checks for and Clnrcucv Wilson Stewart, thw In- dictments, one charRlnc Ihoft of an automobile, one chnrclng bnrclary, and the third breaking Jail on Sept. 20. Douglas Pettls, charged with breaking the Taylor county jail Sunday, Sept. 24, In a disturbance in which H. n. McGlnnls, jailer, was hit with a bottle. Felix Chnpa, chnrgr-d with ma- liciously killing D. C. Florps with a gun. The grand jury Investigated sev- eral other cases ami Is expected to return further Indictments Friday. Libs Blast Jap Ship in Bonins U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD- QUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Oct. 4 Striking within 615 miles ol Tokyo. American Liberators bombed and hit a Japanese cargo ship at Chichi jima in the Bonin islands v.'hile two enemy planes watched but declined to give battle, the Navy announced tonight. 'Hie big bombers attacked ship- ping in Chichi Jima harbor Mon- day. Navy Venturas hit paramushiro In the Kurilcs. other air raids were reported against Marcus Island, Pa- gan in the northern Marianas and Jaluit and Malorlap in the Mar- shalls. In the Invader! Palaus, where Marines anrl soldiers are mopping up on Pelelin and Angaur, the to- la] enemy dead UiroiiRh Tuesday was given as on Peleliu, on Angaur. (Sec PKJTC .1 for more on Pacific War.) Army Lists Texons Wounded in Action Tlie War department last night, announred names of 2.030 soldiers wounded In action. Including: Pfc. Willnrd A. Cnmplaln, son of Mrs. Alice WrJsht, Midland. Pfc. Augustln S. Montunez, broth- er of Mrs. Blcenta M. Truglllo, Big Spring. Pvt, Don E. Thomas, son of Mrs. Rcbea E. Thomas, Big Spring. Pvt. Juan C. son of Mrs. Sottcna o. Castillo, BI; Spring. Ration's Men Baffle Grimly For Big Fort SUPREME HEADQUART- ERS ALUED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Oct. Squadrons o t hard-hiding American tanks which had been held back for five days while doughboys hacked a yawning hole in the Siegfried line north of Aachen were sent charging through the breach today to blast German sec- ondary defenses and help clear the path of Li. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' First army to the Rhine. Pouring into a gap two and a half miles wide in the vaunted Wcstwall the Yanks tonight were fighting through minefields, tank traps and hastily-bull' rifle pits more than two miles inside the bor- der of Germany after having thrown back three weak enemy counterat- tacks in the early morning hours. Front dspatches said the Nazi commanders, for all their desperate need to halt the burgeoning Allied drive at the heart of the industrial Rhtneland, did not have enough first class troops to throw against Hodges' crack iniantry divisions and tremendous reserves of armor. More than 100 miles to the Bouth in France Lt. Gen. George S. Fatten's Third army veterans fought hitter haiid-to-hand duels Inside Fort Driant, a great series of defenses guarding the vital city of IMeti from the west bank of the Moselle river. After Yank: troops. stormed into fortress and be- gan'driving the Nazis out of under- ground tunnels with' blazing oil, the enemy rallied from hidden machine- gun and rocket nests within tr inile-and-a-half-long maze and deadly close-quarter battle rage into tlie night. While headquarters announced ol flclally that the of severa similar strongholds protecting Mel been captured, a field dis patch from Edward Ball of the As soclated Press said that the Naz garrison, composed of former stu dents of the German officers schoo at Metz, fitill was putting up "Here resistance." The America com- manding the attack told Ball, however, that he was optimistic his shock troops would stny In- side Fort Driant this limn They were thrown hack in their first attack last week after fighting across a mnat guarding the fort. Metz, which never has been take; by storm In all Its war-torn historj stands between Patton's forces an the Saar basin of Germany 30 mile to the east. By far, the most critical import ance was attached to the Firs army's smash toward Cologne am Dusseldorf. Paul Joseph Goebbcls Germany's mobilization director was reported by the German new agency DNB to have rushed to tlv west and implored the war-wear; people to give the last ounce of ef fort. "The German people cannot show any war weariness at he declared. "Their frontiers, their national existence and existence of the reich are im- mediately thcratcncd. "Our enemies have unleashed an all out offensive on our frontiers of gigantic Revolts and Arrests Reported in Austria LONDON, Oct. 4 have broken out In Vienna and elsewhere in Austria and casualties and arrests have been reported, the BBC said tonight. The report of an uprising in Austria, first country to be absorbed by Hitler, came two clays after Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Moscow radio told the Austrians that "the time has come" for them to give positive and active proof of their willingness to from their German masters." The BBC, in a broadcast on its European service saidt "Reports from Bern tonight stated revolts had broken out in Vienna and elsewhere. Casualties and arrests are re- ported. Unrest is also reported from the industrial district of Steyr, where workers are in some cases coming out on strike and carrying out considerable sabotage. This news fol- lows the Nazis' announcement of a 10 percent cut in ra- tions." AREA'S AVIATION FUTURE SHAPED AI CONFERENCE By HAMILTON WRIGHT Reporter-News Staff Writer BALLINGEU. Oct. 4 Commercial aviation in a post-war West Texas took a giant step for- ward today when the West Texas Aviation conference, sponsored by the Balllnger Board of Community Development, attended by more thnn ISO, heard every phase of the sub Ject discussed by nationally known leaders In the new means of trails- .ocal Nava! Man kissing in Action Mrs. Dorothy Pace, 1342 North th. was notified by the Navy cle- artment yesterday afternoon that :cr husband, J. A. Pace, machinist nconcl class, is missing in action in he European theater. Pace, who lias been overseas only Ix or seven months, has been In the lavy since fall of 1041. He was a Indent at. Gall business college and employed at Wilson Coin- any before he entered service, ace is the son of Mr. aiKl Mrs. A. Pace, route two, Abilene. He and the former Dorothy langel of Abilene have been mar- ed four years. iallinger Surveys lying Field Future BAI.LINGroi, Oct. 4 embers of the Ralllnger city coun- I met Wednesday morning prcsentatlvps of the National De- fense Corporation to work out a plan for Harmon Flrld'K future uti- lization after It closes down Oct. 18. Due to lack of quorum of city officials, action was passed over to next week. It Is understood thut a proposi- tion to use the field for the storage of government planes and other war material has been made, Airmen Hammer Munich, Bergen LONDON, Oct. to 150 Plying Fortresses nnrt Liberators of Hie U. S. 15th air force hammered Munich railroad yards and the Brenner Pass area today while BAP heavy ImrnDcre dumped thous- ands of Inns of explosives, on Grr- man U-hont pens at Bergen, Nor- way. The Air ministry revealed that RAF Lnacnsters which used n Rus- sian airdrome as nn intermediate portatlon. Numerous towns were repre- sented, Abilene, San Angelo. rjoleman, Eden, Brady and oth- ers. Fourteen registered from Abilene, eight each from S'an. Angelo and Eden. At noon on the Runnels County courthouse lawn a barbecued luncheon was served cafeteria styla uncier direction of Fred Harmon, and tonight a banquet was tender- ed at Ihe Hnnnan Training Center, Speakers Inrjuded Hoy Shrader, vice president'of Braniff- 'Airways, Dallas; Ed Travis, civil aeronautics association, Fort Worth; William G. Fuller, Globe Aircraft Corp., Fort Worth; R. L. Bowen, Civil Air Patrol of Texas, Fort Worth; Howard W. Barlow, dean of en- gineering, A. and C. college, Collego Slation: and, at the night ban- quet, Brig. Gen. Kenneth P. Mc- AA forces Fort Worth. Training base recently scored with n pouml a direct hit bomb on (lie Gorman battleship Tlniitz anchor- ed nenr Alicnfjord, Norway. The a'ttaclt, made without loss, involved a rnumltrip Might of more than miles be- tween bases in -iml the airdrome in Kussia near Arch- anscl. While Allied heavy fonmbers were busy. Ninth air force Mediums de- stroyed 10 rncniy positions fhnt hpd been holding up the U. S. First army drive into the Siegfried line near Anchen. The plunce to Bergen by RAF Naughton, Command, Day sessions were held In ths Runnels County District Courtroom. O. C. Sykes, member of the Bal- linger BCD, presided. Following In- vocation by Ihe Rev. Gary Hoffius, pastor of the Bnllinger First Pres- byterian church, Troy B. Simpson, editor of the Balllnger Ledger welcomed the rlelenatra. Senator Penrosc B. Metcalfe, San Angelo, ror.ponded. tellinc of what he and other members of the Texas legis- lature were doing to forward corn- See AVIATION, Pf. 14, Col. I Ballots lo Lubbock Directors of WTCC LUBBOCK, Oct. 4 Sixty Lancnstrrs and Hnlifnxes, a 1.300- directors and chamber secretaries mile round trip, canghi. the Gcr- of District 2, West Texas chamber mans hy surprise. 7t followed the of Commerce, received ballots at a spectacular puncturing yrsl.erd.Ty of merlins here todny on ft nine-blank the seawall on Walchcrra Island. platform. which the Germans said trapped troops in floods. A Berlin broadcast t said "the fate of 3.000 others of our comrades who made for Flushing In small boats Is not yet certain." Tills was the second of a. series ot eight referendum conventions to discuss the program for the com- year. The referendum season will close with a general meeting at Abilene, Nov. 3. "Must lie a (oujh objective. Th1 ol' man tve'rc fonna have th' honor of llbrraUn1 It." ;