Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - October 3, 1944, Abilene, Texas
mb,rn Wk Abilene Reporter__S ^
FINAL“WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIL'N'DS OR JOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS ii GOES. Byron
^OiTlXIV, n0 ;07 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 3, 1944-TWELVE PAGES ™“ 'IC — Siegfried Breakthrough!
Anodal Press (AP)SMM Pres, ftwPRICE FIVE CENTS
T?iga Suburbs Penetrated by Soviet Force
By HENRY SHAPIRO
Toited Tress Staff Correspondent
MOSCOW. Oct. 3.—(UP)— Red army spearheads have fhven into the suburbs of Riga in some of the bloodiest fighting of the Baltic cam* paign and the liberation of the Latvian capital is near, the (pficial newspaper, Pravda,
The dispatch Indicated that tne Russians were deploying north, east sud south of Riga for a final assault on the capital whose fall probably *mld end effective German resis-Wnce in the Baltic states and release huge Soviet forces for an invasion of East Prussia.
Red armies also were believed regrouping on other key sectors along the 1,300-mile eastern front pre-
# ratory to launching a series of mighty fall and winter offensives. The Soviet high command, for the first time since the start of the summer offensives June 23. reported in its Monday midnight communique that there were “no im-™rtant changes” on any front.
(Radio Moscow said a Soviet estonian amphibious corps had lanced on Muhu island off the Estoaman coast and captured the principal town, also named Muhu, after put-fhg down strong German resistance.) ..
Mother and Four Children Injured
Mrs. H. L. Bradberry, 33. and her four children. 2717 Gertrude, were in St. Ann hospital this morning for treatment of injuries received
ta crash with a taxi cab on South th, off McMurry campus, shortly after 6 a. rn. today.
The mother received cuts on her nose and forehead. The oldest son, Sidney Francis, 13, and Buster, Sight "and one-half months, receiv-
# cuts on their heads. Oliver Lee, 4, was unconscious most of the morning but had been aroused before noon and was apparently not seriously hurt, his mother said, Ray, I, was thought to be uninjured.
mMrs. Bradberry stated she was Witering the campus off South 14th when the rear of her car was in collision with a taxi. Name of the cab driver was not available this
The baby, asleep on the front seat
# the car, was thrown clear of the wreck.
LONDON, Oct. 3.—(AP)—Polish patriots gave up their 63-day battle to wrest battered and besieged Warsaw from the Germans last night, and an escaped Polish officer told Moscow' newspapers that thousands of insurgents had crossed the Vistula to Russian lines, defying surrender orders.
“Warsaw is as greatly destroyed as Stalingrad," the officer was quoted in Moscow as saying, “There is no longer any resistance in any part of
Polish army headquarters in London confirmed earlier Moscow and Berlin dispatches saying that Lt. Gen. Tadeusz (Bor) Komorowski, new exiled Polish commander had given up the fight.
A terse communique from Gen. Komorowski, new Polish commander in chief, said:
“Warsaw has fallen."
This confirmed earlier reports from both Berlin and Moscow that fighting inside the capital has ended. Russian forces are in Praqa, the industrial eastern suburb of Warsaw, separated from the main city by the broad and swift Vistula river. ,
Earlier, Polish sources in London insisted that only a mercy truce had been ordered to remove civilians from the city of 1,265,000.
Polish military spokesman in London asserted that Komorowski, was inside Warsaw with his troops “contrary to all other reports,” and that he would resume the fight as soon as the evacuation was com-
pleted. . ,
But, from Moscow, Associated Press War Correspondent Daniel DeLuce wrote that an “official” Polish report—presumably from the Soviet-spopsored National Liberation committee — had announced that Warsaw’s resistance had collapsed.
JAPAN LANOS TROOPS ON COAST OF CENTRAL CHINA
By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor
northeast of Foochow, one of the few ports still held by the Chinese. . . Tokyo forecast the invaders would
A sea-borne invasion by Japanese gQon capture the city and thus
troops trying to complete their con- I thwart “enemy America’s plans to quest of the central China coast was iancj on the China coast from the reported by Tokyo radio today. Pacific and sever our communica-The broadcast said the amphib- tions with the southern regions.”
Soaking Rain Covers Much Of Wesl Texas
A slow, soaking rain covered much of West Texas last night and early this morning, with some points reporting as much as three inches.
The downpour halted cotton picking, which was just getting in full swing, delayed the feed harvest, but put broad grins on the faces of stockmen w h a pictured a bright winter with fine ranges and wonderful fields of grain.
Being the nature that it was, the rain was expected to do a minimum of damage to cotton. Very little of the staple was flipped out, but the grade will beflowered as the moisture will stain the lint.
About IO percent of the estimated 300,000-bale crop in this area has been picked and about 25 percent of the unharvested cotton is open, according to estimates. There is still a shortage of pickers in most spots, a survey by the Reporter-News this morning showed.
The heaviest rain was at Anson, where theree inches were reported.
Stamford got 2.91 inches in a steady all-night fall. Hamlin received approximately 1.75 inches. Ted Russell, Hamlin banker, said the rain would be particularly good for fall- Deac* *ere W. Dan Evans, about sown wheat and the moUture would «• and hli da«*hter-in-law. Mrs.
YANKS AT WAR INSIDE GERMANY—American troops lay mortar fire on enemy machine gun nest in German woods Sept. 30. says signal corps caption accompanying this action picture from inside Germany. (Ar Wirephoto from Signal Uonps Radio)._
Allied Force on Crete
” Nazis Evacuate
Much of Greece
LONDON, Oct. 3.—(AP)— Strong Allied forces have landed on the northwest part of Greece, the Morocco radio asserted today.
Woman Shoots Two, Kills Self
BROWNWOOD. Oct. 3.—<*»)—'Two persons were shot to death and a third was wounded fatally by a razor slash in the throat yesterday at a farm home in the Buffalo community near the Brown-Coleman county line.
Traffic Accident Before Grand Jury
^The 42nd district court grand jury Sn vc ned thus morning to investigate a recent accident in which Everett McCullough, 13, was killed.
Elmer O. Short, a soldier, driver of the car which figured in the accident, earlier signed a statement ^ying that he had stopped and rendered aid when the boy was hit.
Other investigations today were to consider a recent jail break, a murder charge and other matters.
lous forces landed Friday 25 miles
Jobs for Veterans
(Apply to War Manpower Commission, 1141 North 2d).
Veterans placed since
Sept. I ................ 52
Veterans placed yesterday 3
Interviewed yesterday 17
Routed to other agencies
since Sept. I ...... 5
Referred yesterday ... 17
Jobs listed ............180
* • *
(Eighth of a series of articles on veterans’ benefits, ranging from demobilization to jobs and pensions will be found on the editorial page. James Marlow, in his daily article entitled “Today on the Home Front,” written for The Associated Press, will deal with this subject each day for several days.)
Marines and soldiers spearheading the U. S. Pacific advance were cleaning up “a few fanatical enemy troops, holed up in caves” on Peleliu and Angaur island of southern Palau, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz reported.
The previous toll of 10,151 Japanese killed against only 187 prisoners indicated those still surviving would fight to the death.
Chinese commanders of Kweilin expressed belief their troops would make a similar determined, but more successful, defense of that Allied base in southeast China. Japanese were reported only 14 miles away from tnt rubble strewn town, once the gayest spot in China. Defending commanders indicated their forces were well supplied with American ammunition and weapons —statements at variance with previous comments from Chungking on the paucity of U. S. aid.
Governor to Write Editorial for Paper
OKLAHOMA CITY, Oct. 3.—(ZP)— Gov. Robert S'. Kerr with “some very definite ideas” about how to edit a newspaper, intends to try them on Oct. IO on the Wichita (Kans.) Beacon.
Kerr told his press conference yesterday he had accepted an invitation from Louis Levand, Beacon publisher, to be a guest editor and that he certainly would take advantage of the opportunity to write an editorial. HLS subject “discriminatory freight rates and the industrial development of Kansas and Oklahoma."
WOUNDED MARINE ASSISTED ON PELELIU—A Maline wounded by a Jap sniper is helped by two comrades on Pe-#Hu, in the Palaus. His head is bandaged and he holds a helmet in which there is bullet holes. These Marines are members of a demolition crew, assigned to blasting forward enemy positions on the Pacific island. (AP Wirephoto from Marine Corps).
52 Degrees Lowest During September
Temperatures during September showed the 25th to be the coolest day of fall so far with a minimum of 52 degrees recorded. Highest for the month was 94 on the 21st.
Barometric pressure averaged 29.94 inches, with the highest on the 24th showing 30.24 and the lowest, Sept. 14, recording 29.69.
Prevailing wind direction for the month was south with average hourly velocity 10.3, according to figures from the bureau.
Flying conditions showed 699 hours cf contact weather, 14 hours instrument and seven closed,
Paper Salvaged in September Declines
The September paper salvage was far s^ort of the 200,000 pounds goal, with Abilene anc1 neighboring towns supplying only 124,470 pounds. Contribution from Camp Barkeley brought the total to 136,470 pounds.
Monthly pick-up was made during the past week end by men from Camp Barkeley who conduct the drive with city officials on the first of every month. The drive in the city is conducted on the first Sunday, with trucks going to surrounding towns reporting Thursday and Friday.
be sufficient for additional- planting. Late feed and cotton also will be benefitted. It Is estimated that 65 percent of the maize has been harvested and about 800 bales of cotton have been picked, with 1,000 open. Much of the cotton is making half a bale to the acre.
The rain apparently was general. Haskll received 2.1 inches; Seymour 1.8 inches, Munday 14; Aspermont 1.25 and Snyder 1.64.
Colorado City reported a splendid two-inch‘rain over a 12-hour period. The cotton picking peak in Mitchell county had been expected this week, but the rain will dday harvest. About 12 percent of the estimated yield has been gathered. Ranchmen were particularly happy about the rain, as it will put the range in excellent condition for the winter. Albany also received an excellent rain, getting 2.15 inches in three showers, the heaviest of which was about 9 a. rn. Reports indicated the downpour to be heavier in the direction of Breckenridge. Jim Nail, Albany ranchman, said he was sure that the rain had put out quite a bit of stock water, which is needed on many Shackelford county ranches.
Abilene had received only .79 of Abilene had received 1.1 inch at 12:30 p. rn. today. Total rainfall for the year now stands at 17.64 inches, which is below normal of 20.17 inches, but ahead of the 15.58 inches recorded at the same time in 1943.
Sweetwater received .84 of an inch, but the rain was heavier south of that point. Lake Sweetwater received 1.58 inches and Lake Trammell got .81 of an inch, while Maryneal got a heavy rain, with Lake Trammell getting a nice catch from that rain.
It started raining at Sweetwater at 10:30 o’clock last night and was continuing 12 hours later.
Jayton received two inches, while to the north, Spur only got .28 of an inch.
The rain apparently was moving south slowly. At ll o’clock it had just started raining a* Blackwell rn southern Nolan county.
Merkel reported a shower that will be beneficial to small grain.
From one and one-half to two inches of rain had fallen in Winters late in the morning. Skies were heavy and rain was still falling.
Pauline Evans, about 31, who were shot, and his wife, Mr*. Myrtle Evans, whose throat was slashed.
Justice of the Peace Barclay Martin, Sr., returned a verdict that Evans and Mrs. Pauline Evans died of pistol shots inflicted by Mrs. \\. D. Evans. The home was just over the line in Coleman county, and both the justice and Sheriff George Roby said an investigation showed Mrs. IV. D. Evans' wound was self-inflicted.
Deputy Sheriff Chester Avinger of Brownwood said that Melda June Evans, 5, daughter of Mrs. Pauline Evans, ran about one quarter mile to the house of a neighbor to tell about the shooting. Charles Evans, the child’s father, was at work in a field away from the home when the incident occurred.
Mrs. Myrtle Evans, who was found on the porch of the home, died several hours after the incident.
Judge A. O. Newman, who heard a divorce atcion here last week oin which Dan Evans and his wife were principals, had taken it under advisement.
Four Years Ago
By The Associated Press
OCT. 3, 1940—Former British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain resigns as lord president of the council, Prime Minister Churchill enlarges inner war cabinet to eight members, three of whom are members of labor party. Finnish government announces agreement with Russia for permanent demilitriza-tion of Aland Islands in the Baltic
Slightly Less Water Used in September
A total of 231,232,000 gallons of water were used in Abilene and Camp Barkeley during the past month, somewhat below the 248,457,-000 gallons used during September, 1943, L. A. Grimes, city water superintendent, said thus morning.
Of this month’s total, 136,129,000 gallons came from Fort Phantom Hill lake and were used in Abilene and the remainder, 95,103,000 went from Lake Abilene and to Barkeley.
Meter connections and cancellations balanced this month, with 226 meters connected and 226 disconnected, his records show.
To Scouters Funeral
Charles F. Rutledge, area Boy Scout executive, is in Waco today to attend the funeral of Georg® Powell, Scout executive of the. Heart of Texas council.
Prior to his transfer to Abilene Rutledge worked as assistant to Mr. Powell in Temple.
ADVANCE IN BALKANS— Solid arrow indicates Red Army’s capture of Vraiogrnac in Yugoslavia in a drive threatening (open arrow) to cut off German troops in the lower Balkans. (AP Wirephoto).
3 Plead Guilty To OPA Charges
WEATHER Bl REAU ABILENE AND VICINITY - Mo.tly cloudy and cooler, with rain this aft-ernoon and tonight. Wednesday, partly cloudy. Not much change in temperature.
Maximum temperature during the past 24 hour*. 88.
Minimum temperature during the past 12 hours, 60 _ ,
Total precipitation by IO a. b , .79 in. EAST TEXAS — Mostly cloudy and cooler with occasional rain r>prth^*st and extreme north portion* this afternoon and tonight, elsewhere P»rUy cloudy Wednesday partly cloudy, not much change In temperature
WEST TEXAS—Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday, preceded by cloudy and occasional rain this afternoon in the South Plains and east of tthe Pecos river Warmer in the Panhandle and South Plain. Wedne,d.yfEMptRAxi;RE
Three men pleaded guilty to charges of violations of OPA regulations this morning in Federal district court in the second day of the current session.
E. H. Turner of Nolan county was fined $25 on a charge of unlawful transfer of gasoline. Turner, who operates a service .station and travel bureau in Sweetwater, was represented by Attorney Dallas Scarborough. His plea of guilt was general.
Judge T. Whitfield Davidson withheld imposition of sentence in the case of A G. Cagle of Abilene, charged with unlawful transfer of coupons god for IOO gallons of gasoline. eagle confessed the transfer took place last July while he was employed at the Gulf service station, South 1st and Butternut, and that the coupons were sold to a travel bureau operator who was transporting a group of soldiers on furlough, one of whom was on emergency furlough. He said he received IO cents per gallon, same price he had paid a soldier for the tickets when the latter sold his automobile shortly before going overseas
Sherwood Ross of Abilene was fined $25 when he pleaded guilty to unlawful transfer of three new automobile tires which he admitted he sold a soldier without receiving proper tire certificates.
E. N. McCoy of Aoilene pleaded not guilty to charges of violation of rent ceilings and asked for a jury trial. Hie case was set for Wednesday.
An Abilene juvenile, on whom Judge Davidson had withheld sentence Monday, was ordered sent by the judge this morning to a government school for three years. The youth Monday pleaded guilty to theft of automobiles in Abilene, Littlefield and Clovis, N. M.
LONDON, Ort. 3— (IT)— Reliable sources in Cairo reported today that the Germans had evaruated all of the Peloponnesus, the big southern peninsula eomprlsing a quarter of Greece, leaving only a real guard astride the narrow neck linking it aith the mainland.
A United Press dispatch from Cairo reported the Nazi withdrawal from the Peloponnesus a* other sources said Greek patriots had seized control of mast of southern Greece and at least five of the main Aegean islands Tile northeastward passage to Athens, 40 miles distant, was the only area of the lower Greek province still garrisoned by the Germans. the dispatch said.
LONDON, Ort. 3—(.•?»-Strong Allied forces have landed on the northwest part of Crete, the Morocco raido asserted today.
The brief announcement, heard by The Associated Press, gave no details.
The German garrison at Crete, however, appeared in a hopeless position in view of the Allied occupation earlier of Kithera, which above Met/ is between Crete and the mainland of Greece.
The Germans have been reported j to be withdrawing their forces from islands ringing the lout hem tip of Greece, but there have been no in-dicat.'ons that they had evacuated Crete—a symbol of one of the Na-
Aachen Near Encirclement
By 1st Army
LONDON, Oct. 3.—(AP)— U. S. First Army troops have broken through the Siegfried line north of Aachen, capturing Ubach and threatening Aachen with complete encirclement.
Driving through a break in the first heavy crust of west-wall defenses, the Americans by 11 a. rn. had fought four miles forward from their jumpoff point yesterday, a front dispatch said, and cut the main highway leading north of the Siegfried bastion city of Aachen.
The crash-through opened a second major break in Hitler’s west-wall defenses, AP Correspondent Don Whitehead said. The other breach has been carved out south of Aachen, which is astride a main highway to the Rhine and its rich war industries.
I bach, defended by troops ordered to hold or be shot, is nine miles north of Aachen, and three below Geilenkirchen. It is two miles inside Germany, and Americans shoving on cut one of the main escape roads for the Nazis in Aachen.
The Doughboys also drove the Germans from the moated, 12th century castle of Rimberg after a daylong battle in that border. Palenherg In Holland also was raptured.
Tanks and artillery supported the First army's shove in this sector, and Gorman resistance was Jieavy.
The Berlin radio said the \merl-cans had carved out a wedge ll miles wide and nine miles deep in German defenses.
The new advances followed gains of two miles in depth along a six-mile sector yesterday in the opening of the assault that spanned the Wurm river.
The Germans tried a “Little Stalingrad” stand at Begg-n* dorf, two miles beyond I bach. Whitehead said, and !\ S. artillery poured 500 shells into the town in 60 minutes.
Supreme headquarters said the Germans launched three counterattacks yesterday at Hurtgen, 13 miles southeast of Aachen, but all were repulsed. Father south, other Americans cleared the woods at Echternach. Reich frontier town ll miles northwest of Trier.
The U. S. Third army assaulted a key fortress in the Metz chain, and captured Maizierrs Les Metz, on the Moselle's west bank seven miles
Opposite Groenstraat in Holland the Monday assault caught the enemy by surprise, and struck through the heavy crust of the Siegfried defenses, which run back as deep as nine miles,
Berlin declared “so far the Allies
zis greatest triumphs in the days; have nowhere pierced really deer,
.•in — * Un Vf neeh int/v nfniQ I IV **
when Hitler was on the March.
S698 Given for Free Milk Fund
An addition of $47 to the city’s free milk fund was reported this morning, bringing the total to I $696.01. Goal has been set at $3 OOO.
Contributors reported this morning:
Suzanna Wesley Sunday school class, First Methodist church $5
J. M. Alexander . ..........25
Mrs. I. W. Hoover ..........IO
Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Gibson 5 R. N. Hardison ............ I
Dormtlons^may ta m.liid U> the Places Germans fled their sutctda Milk Fund Council, City, or given pillboxes and centered their defense to W. O. Norman, treasurer of the I lo thicker-walled concrete field fund, at the Farmers and Mer- f°irts. chants National bank.
Far to the south in France U. S. Third army infantry assaulted Fort Driant, key Metz fortress on the west bank of the Moselle, after an all-night artillery barrage. The attack opened at IO a. rn , and a good start was reported by Third army headquarters.
Fort Driant, the most heavily fortified bastion between the Americans and Mets, was attacked last week by Doughboys who reached the bridge across its moat, but were driven back. Planes today bombed other
forts in the Metz chain.
The first army attack north of Aachen was meeting strong resistance. Americans fought pillbox defenses curtained by artillery and mortar fire. American mobile artiller-* drummed out so heavily that in many
Tue-Mon Mon-Sun A to. Hour P M.
62 75— I— 83 83
6! 75— 2— 82 86
61 74— 3— 86 85
61 74 4188 84
60 73— 5— 86 84
61 73— 6— 84 83
63 73— 7— 82 82
62 72— 8— 72 78
62 72— 9— 72 75
61 76—10— 66 76
62 79-11— 63 75
63 83—12— 62
Sunset last night ......... ...7 22
Sun rite this morning ..............7 35 i lth Boloenai
Sunset tonight .................. n 20 I SOUtn OI Bologna;.
Road to Berlin
By The Associat d Press l_Westem front: 305 miles (from west of Kleve),
2—Russian front: 310 miles (from 751 Warsaw (.
3—Italian front: 570 miles (from
Mud Interferes in Allies' Italy Drive
ROME, Oct. 3.—IT)—American infantry captured Monghidoro, an ! important road junction 18 miles due south of Bologna, as the Fifth army plowed slowly northward yesterday through the Apennines in a drive still handicapped by deep mud.
The British Eighth army’s attack ; on the Adriatic sector was brought : to a complete standstill by the flooded Fiumicino river behind which the Germans are strongly entrenched.
On the Italian west coast where the Brazilian expeditionary force has been slugging steadily forward Monte Nona was captured.
Heavy rains and heavy traffic made many bypasses on the Fifth army front unusable, thus limiting advances in all sectors.
Spotty clouds scudded low over the battlefront, and there was no immediate indication whether Allied planes were able to continue Monday’s pin-point smashing of Nazi strongpoints.
Fifteen miles to the south of the Aachen combat zone, the Germans tried to divert strength from Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Holdges* assault by counterattacking west from Hurtgen, but they were stopped.
To the north of the wedge, Allied soldiers all along the Meuse line applied supporting pressure to keep the Nazis from shifting reserves.
They drove eight miles from Deuze to Meijel and flung the Germans from Overloon, their last strong Holland pocket west of the Meuse 17 railes southeast of Nijmegen.
All along that line and north
See GERMANY, Pg. ll* Col. 5