Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - October 1, 1944, Abilene, Texas
Salvage Pickup Today Put Paper on Curb Early
Wkt !3bilenc Sporter ~
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VO!/, LX1V, NO. 105
A TEXAS ImLL, NEWSPAPER
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES.
ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER I, 1944-TH1RTY-S1X PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Pres, UP)
rn lift PratfttJ-jPRICE FIVE CENTS
7TH ARMY SURGING ON BELFORT
Reds Over Danube on Wide Front
BIBLICAL PASSAGE FORETELLS
FATE OF TIN FORTRESS CRASH
J SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, AIP. London Wff-RihliraI Dassace picked at random by me of the crew of a B-17 Fi. mg Fort Sa the "Heavenly Body,” foretold with uncanny accuracy what was to happen to the seven who survived an emergency crash in the Englis 1
,hannB,f.« th, pun- took off from Efland to bnmb
the radio operator-gunner Staff Sgt. Gilbert H.
opened his Bible at random and
•Heavenly Body” went out. Over
‘And I saw seven
factory at Bremen J Woerner, Fredericksburg, Tex.,
Inserted a pound note for safekeeping.
Over Germany one engine of the the channel two others failed. _
The pilot told the crew: ‘This is it. Brace yourselves The bomber broke into three sections as It hit the water. The pilot Wind co-pilot, trapped in their section, disappeared under the channels staves. The other seven held on to a rubber dinghy.^
Woerner found In the Rook of Revelations:
wUtfrtTi* » WW IM- ««• «*■“ clrding
abive. Its pilot was radioing their position to rescue craft.
Revelations continues: “And another angel came.
m For 30 anxious minutes the crewmen looked toward England awalt -»lng hrip The took of revelation fays: -There aas silence In Heaven
*b°'rinaUyPthey*«a»:' a rescue launch speeding their way and the plane
«aSm£ Ll incense w hich came with ii,.
praters of saints ascended up before God out of the J)*",;
% They were picked up and are now^ ready pow christened their new ship the
fly again, and have
Pur Gains Offset Chinese Defeats
by thf associated press
I American military forces have Toegun a new week of Pacific fighting stronger by possession of three more isms in the Palau group. 515 miles east of the southern Philippines. f With
nine Islands of the strategic group ender U. S. control, including Fflcliu on which Marines are In the final
stage of wiping nut enemy resistance, the drive across the Pacific somewhat balanced the scales against continuing had % news from southeast China.
T».e Chinese high command admitted that the Japanese had
Marcus Raid by B-29s Reported
By United Press
Japan reported Saturday that B-29 Superfortresses raided Min-amltorl Shima (Marcus) islands, southeast of Tokyo Friday afternoon.
} A Tokyo radio broadcast recorded by United Press at San Francisco, said, “on Friday afternoon several B-29's came to attack Mfhamitori Shima but were repelled with heavy losses.
^ Marcus lies 1,100 miles southeast of Japan and only 727 miles northeast of Saipan. It Is a triangular island, five miles in circumference, and is believed to be heavily fortified.
* MUCUS reportedly has been use -by the Japanese army as a staging post. It has an air field approximately four hours flying time from Tokyo.
There was no confirmation from any Allied source immediately on >he enemy report thai B-29's had raided thus west-central pacific island.
Heretofore B-29’s have operated solely from China and India bases against targets in the Japanese ^homeland, Manchuria -butch East Indies.
reached Tanchuk, 90 miles south of Kweilin, capital of Kwangsl province. It also said there was fighting near Kingan, railway center only 31 miles northeast of Kweilin.
The Japanese have claimed occupation of Tanchuk and Paoching. the latter 145 miles northeast of Kweilin. The Chinese, however, said street fighting continued at Paoching.
Southwest Pacific fliers built up their total of destroyed and disabled Japanese shipping in strikes from Ceram to north Mindanao in the Philippines. Four freighter-transports, one of 4.000 tons and three of 1.300 tons, and six loaded barges were sunk Friday in Darvel bay on the east coast of British North Borneo. Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported A schooner was forced on a reef off northern Mindanao by air strafing: two more barges were sunk off Halmahera in the Moluccas, and a Japanese destroyer was attacked at Ceram with unannounced PPSUltS.
Southeast Asia command headquarters said the British Fifth India division continued to advance from the north on the Japanese base at Tiddim. in the Chin hills of northern Burma. Improving weathei was expected to accelerate fighting there, and also help Allied strikes from Mytikvina in Burma eastward toward China.
U S. 14th air force China-based planes struck Japanese forces moving toward Kweilin: raided Sam-shui, 30 miles west of Canton, and sank a !5,000-ton enemy whaler in Formosa strait.
American invaders of Guam and Tinian islands in the Marianas wiped out Japanese garrisons there by Sept. 27 Tokyo radio reported. The broadcast, recorded by the Associated Press, said top commanders in the two islands were Lt. Gens. Hideyoshi Obata and Hyo Taka-shima, and implied that they, too, were killed.
On the Ropes
LONDON, Sunday, Oct. I — (AP)— The Red army, crossing into Yugoslavia in a drive aimed at trapping 200,000 Germans in the lower Balkans, has seized a 60-mile bridgehead on the west bank of the Danube opposite Romania, and captured a score of villages. Moscow announced officially
A late German broadcast, accenting the peril to all the Nazi holdings grabbed there in the maelstrom of 1941, said the unfolding Soviet operations there and on the rich Hungarian plains leading to Budapest, had been built into a dangerous dagger “pointed at the heart of Europe.”
With defeatism reported rampant in the Hungarian armies and also in the puppet troops built up by the once-mighty Nazi legiona a showdown was imminent in the Balkans.
The Red army, swinging westward within 94 miles of Belgrade, the Yugoslav capital, in aid of Marshal Tito’s Partisan forces, crossed the winding Danube above and below the Iron Gate rapids on a stretch between Obsova and Nego-tin, the broadcast Soviet communique said.
The Russians drove six miles Into Yougcttlavia at Negotin, and Tito s spearheads, batiiln* a mixed forte of Germans, Serb pupa# AMB* and Gen. Drajo MihailovTc's Chetniks, were reported by the free Yugoslav radio already to have reached a point on the southwestern approaches of Belgrade.
THREE MILES WEEKS GAIN
SUPREME H LADU ARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE. Sept. no —(AP)— The U. S. Seventh army, fighting through snow sweeping out of the Vosges mountains, wheeled up to two foothill passes today and were only nine miles northwest of the gateway city of Belfort to challenge the Germans along the chain of peaks blocking the southern route to the Rhineland.
By United Press
The shortest distances to Berlin from advanced Allied lines Saturday:
Western front — 297 miles (from point near Nijmegen. Gain of three miles in week.)
Russia — 315 miles (from Warsaw. Unchanged in week).
Italv — 550 miles (from Bellum Gain of three miles in week).
Allied Armadas Spill Bombs on
“CAPTURED ALLIED PARACHUTISTS”—This radiotelephoto just received in New York ^ rn from Stockholm, says according to the original Nazi caption. Allied parachutists captured Rftlng a in Holland presumably at Arnhem. Soldier in center, face drawn with pain, is supported bv comrades. (NEA Telephoto) __________
Imperilled Hungary, reported suing for peace, thus was threatened anew from the south at the same time a Budapest bulletin acknowledged other Soviet forces and Romanian contingents had fought their way at least IO miles inside southeastern Hungary on a line between Szeged, Hungary's second city, and Oradea, big Transylvanian rail town IOO miles to the northeast.
Soviet troops also punched nut gains along the Polish-( heeho-slovak frontier, in northeastern Romania, and in Transxlvania in the powerful assault aimed at knocking Hungary out of the war. Moscow dispatches said the Hungarian troops airraid were showing signs of dissension a-mong themselves.
Coffee May Be Rationed Again; Supply Dwindles
WASHINGTON. Sept. BO—— Coffee rationing again will be necessary unless government agencies succeed in efforts to Increase shipments of coffee to this country, the Office of Price administration said tonight, adding that a decision will be made within 24 hours.
The agency emphasized, however, that a resumption of coffee rationing has not yet been ordered and expressed hope that such action can be avoided.
The nation’s stockpile of coffee, while ample for a normal four months* supply, has been dwindling for two months because “speculative exporters''
In Latin America are withholding suplies from the market In an attempt to force up prices, OPA said.
“Government agencies have been working with coffee producing countries to increase shipments to the United States,” OPA said “If these steps fail, rationing will be necessary xxx. We hope to avoid rationing, but will know within 24
UP $5 IN WEEK—
Area Cotton Pay-oft Highest in 15 Years
By HARRY HOLT
Reporter-News Farm Editor
Cussed for IO months and codied for two during the payoff, ole King Cotton is doling out the doughnuts to farmers in 19 West Central Texas counties at the rate of approximately $30,000,000 this fall.
Right now the weathered old man Is right close to the farmers heart because the dollars are clicking in at the best rate in 15 years. Cotton advanced $5 per bale this week and la many eases was celling for 21 cents per pound. At such a fate and with cotton-1 seed bringing $52 to $55 per ton, It Is possible for farmers too make $100 per bale, despite the high cost of gathering.
Matter of fact, cotton farmers are doing so well that tneie already is talk of an Increased acreage in 1945 and many farmers are so
To the north, the U. 8 First opened up with an attack on a front, carved out limited nd smashed through eight fortifications of tile Siegfried line near Its western forties* of Pram.
Between these sectors the U.
R. Third army wiped out the equivalent of a German armored division in two days—IU tanks, 31 of which fell to gunners and fighterbombers In the last 24 hours in a battle eddying around the American salient east of Mete and Nancy.
The British on the Dutch end of the long front beat back German counterblows from east and west at their Nijmegen bridge positions. The enemy tossed 300 fighters and fighterbombers Into the struggle and lost 33 without getting within strafing distance.
In the Nijmegen sector only one small German bridgehead remains
SI PR EME HEADQUARTERS, AEF, Sept. 30.— (FP) —Nobody would predict how soon they will be needed, but SHAFF correspondents were rssued military maps of Berlin today,
to be knocked out before the Allies control the area between the Waal
Rhine and the Mass tMeuse 1 rivers west of Arnhem and north of S Hertogenbosrh where British troops
Nazi Oil Plants
LONDON, Sept. 30—DP)—Nearly 2,000 American and British bombers and fighters closed out one of their busiest month* today by spilling explosives through the cloud* on five German synthetlc'oil plant* and rail centers in the Industrial Ruhr and Rhine valley beyond the
Allied land armies.
In three separate waves more than ROO U. 8 Flying Fortresses and Liberators, escorted by 700 fighters, hammered choked freight yards at Munster, Hamm, and Bielefeld. which feed the embattled German frontier troops A small force of American heavyweights also attacked a Nazi ordnance depot at Bielefeld.
A communique from the V.
S. strategic air forces reported that ten bombers were lost on this mission, hut that all fighter eraft returned safely.
Munster, the capital of Westphalia. and Bielefeld are Important rail and communication* centers, while Hamm is the site of Germania largest freight yards.
RAP Kalifate* anc* Lancasters, switching from night duiv, raided Bottrup and Rterkrade. a few mile* northwest of Essen, the sites of a1-
anxious that”they already are contracting planting ared [or the next | arc attempting to aeal ott mere than S2tort"'X“
for Nazi armv needs A good-sized
100,000 Nazi sidlers pinned between
The best estimates available locally place the crop In 19 counties the narrow Arnhem corridor and the of this sector this fall at 301.750 bales, or approximately 35,000 bales K& above the actual yield of 265,575 bales ginned last Near. This large - - -
yield is possible despite a reduction in cotton acreage of something like 20 percent.
While the cotton acreage Is one of the smallest In history of the territory, the crop is best since 1937. lf not since 193?. Many farmers tell of cotton that will make a bale to the acre, and there is field after field that will make half a bale or better to the acre.
Jones county is again picked to lead in cotton production with the
British troops captured Mtrxplas on the Belgian front as they advanced slowly and widened their two bridgeheads across the Antwetp-Turnhout canal. Polish patrols are operating one mile farther north of Merxplas. The bridgehead at Et.
force of RAF Spitfires and Mustangs escorted the big British bombers, one of which was loft. _
W. D. Manly Dies
"hours whether it will be necessary.” estimate being placed” at 38,000 bales, or 9,OOO baler, above the yield of J70‘narT 15*miui west of Merx- Af Lion rf
• • * 1943. Runnels ranks second with a 30,000-bale estimate Fisher, Haskell expanded. U| NGO I A uLI\
'n,. . 1t aam 4ccnr<ri oftnr .. . ,,___, «________ «<<.. »I. „ itll ornftfl haler and in all but I ‘ att v/ I I I wmI I I ii v4
DALLAS. Sept 30—fJP) - State Highway Commissioner Reuben ^Williams today cut the ribbon west of Irving that officially opened slate Highway 183 for quicker travel between the metropolitan areas of Dallas and Fort Worth.
Fifth Armored in U. S. First Army
WITH THE FIRST ARMY IN GERMANY, Sept. 30—(ZP)—Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges took the security wraps off another of his divisions today and disclosed that the Fifth armored division—the Victory division—was one of his ace outfits which strrmed across France after the American breakthrough near St. Lo.
The division’s commander l« Maj. Gen. Lunceford Oliver of Nebraska.
Japan’s Future Bleak-Moscow
MOSCOW, Sept. 30—-(/Pi—The official Communist party newspaper, Pravda, declared today that Japan “is facing serious difficulties'' in her war with the western Allies and implied that her position is hopeless.
Without mentioning Sovie- Japanese relations. Pravda stressed in a long review of the Japanese situation that American production was fast outstripping the Japanese and that Japan was reing overwhelmed by Allied mi itary might, and concluded in comment that “the adventurous theor/ of blitzkrieg has had a destructive influence over Japanese strategy ”
Although it was the most pessimistic picture the .Soviet press ever has drawn of Japan » chancel of winning the war, there was nothing in the review to suppoit a theory that Japan es*1-Russian relations have changed.
The statement was Issued after the New Mexico district OPA office in Albuquerque made and then withdrew an announcement that coffee would go back on the ration list at 12:01 a rn. Sunday. The OPA national office explained that, in an anticipation of possible rationing, a ration plan had been sent to field offices.
The nation’s stockpile of coffee, OPA has reported, is larger than It was when rationing was suspended in July, 1943. This is steadily dwindling, however, since shipments have been suspended.
Mitchell and Scurry counties rank next with 25,000 bales, and in all but See COTTON, Pf. «. Col,
Poles Give in, Oust General
LONDON, Sept. 30 -UP)—Poland's exiled government took a new step toward accord with Russia today by dismissing Gen. Kazmlrcz flosn-kowskl as commander in rhief of the armed forces, but reports here were that Moseow might demand removal of President Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz himself.
The president personalis relieved Sosnknwski of his post upon the recommendation of Premier Stanislaw Mikola^czyk's cabinet. Named to succeed him was the hero of the Warsaw uprising and commander of Poland’s underground army, Gen, Tadcusz Komerowskl, long known only as "General Bor.” Ouster of Gen. Sosnkowski ap-eased the Sovict-Poll^h
Dies Fires Blast At New Dealers
Paper Pickup Set For Abilene Today
Shooting for a goal of a car and half of salvage paper by nightfall,
Army trucks will make three tours of Abilene today for curb pickups.
Local citizens are asked to place all paper — wrapped to facilitate handling—at the curb, Capt. Norman Turnbull, Camp Barkeley salvage officer, said. Two pickups will be made In the morning and a third in the afternoon.
The captain said 18,000 pounds of paper was gathered In surrounding towns and a large amount in the business area here j parentlv Saturday, making about A carload. erie!*, but complications may arise
from the widespread loyalty to him of army officer*, who In prewar days constituted a powerful factor in the nation's politics.
Posthumous Award Made Lieutenant
Mrs. W C Jenn, 2740 Anson road, has received the Purple Heart awarded posthumously to her husband, a lieutenant with a troop carrier command, w'ho was killed In England on combat duty June 25.
Mrs. Jenn Is tho former Bernice Herring. Her husband was the son of Mr. and Mrs. E. T. Jenn of Houston. He had been overseas six months.
French Fleet to Join Pacific War
PARIS. Sept. JO—(ZP)—Navy Minister Louis Jacqulnot, in an interview todav in tile newspaper Liberation Soir, said “the rehabilitated French navy will participate in cooperation with the Allies in the Pacific war and it will certainly have the enthusiasm to participate in a big way.”
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BI RE Al
ABH.I NE AND Vie INITY: Psrtly
rlnudx and < oolrr Sunday afUrnonn and nifht and Mnndai.
WEST TEXAS: Tartly « Ionrt\ our
atonal light rain* and cooler Panhandle and South resins Sunday afternoon and night Monday cloudy Panhandle and South Plain*, shower* and cooler El Paso area eastward through Pecos valley.
EAST TEXAS: Partly cloud', shoo
era and cooler extreme northxxest n"' lion Sundax afternoon < ooler extreme north portion Sundax night Mondax itoudv and cooler north, partlx rloud south portion
I EMPt RVT! RES
DULD IN SON’S DEATH—Warren Peterson, 31, (left) was held in jail at Coshocton, O., tint Prosecutor Russel Lyons said, he admitted pushing two of his four sons into a river because he had no home for them. One son, Larry, I 1-2, drowned, the other waded ashore, | Jj
Lyons said The three surviving sons are shown at right. Raymond, 7, (center in photo at gnd wpstprn Thrarp for (. ;4}lt) waded ashore. Gene (right) and Glenn (left), 8-year-old twins were left under ifLe in a rainstorm, Lyons said. (AP Wirephoto).
LONDON, Sept. 30 —(ZP)— Rus-agreed to of eastern the duration of the war, the Ankara radio reported from Sofia today.
Sal - Erl. A M.
Hit • Kl «:t - Aft Ag - AO At: . At! A5 AA AC AA 73 77 Ad AS
,. . I. . .
Sat. - Tri, P M
. HS - C,'»
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. S'l - 7S . u| . 7 A . fill - 7)1 . AA - 7A . A 2 - 7 A VI - Aft , 78 - AA
- A4 p.m.
High and Iou temperatures to ll and A2. High and low same dale last x ear: HS and A I.
Sunset last night: 7;7fi.
Sunrise this morning; ?;8*.
* Sunset tonight; "i ii.
DALLAS, Sept. 30—<&)-Rep Martin Dies iD-Texi told members of the Southern Democratic club of Dallas at a dinner tonight: “The simple truth Is that the New Dral-eivS themselves do not believe In our ft rm of government.”
They have been doing all within their power to subvert and undermine it by intrigue, deception, and un-American propaganda," the Tex-as congressman asserted In a preyed address in which h*1 .‘aid he felt it his duty “to join those fearless and unterrified Democrats of Texas who date to fight, for the restoration of our party to Democratic principles and the American concept of government”
Dies charged that the “New Deal ha*, opposed, harassed, and obstructed,” the investigations by the house committee on un-American activities which was created, with Dies as chairman) in 1938. •
“In a rather heated conference ln the Vosges between (lie President and me ai the Whitp House he insisted that the committee confine its work to hie Nazis and Fascists and lay off fhe CIO." Dies said “This I refused to do. knowing a' the time that my decision would bring doNtn upon my head the wrath of the President and those who blindly follow his leadership"
Dies did not seek renomination in the July primaries, gave ill health as a reason for retiring from congress a* the end of hts current term.
Cooper to Hear Verdict Monday
SOUTH BEND. Ind., Sept 30 -rnpi—Juvenile Referee Albert [Doyle said tonight at the end of two-day closed hearing tnat would render a written verdict. Monday or Tuesday In the case of former Actor Jack Cooper and three other persons charged with contributing to the delinquency of minors at a hotel party last July.
“The amount of evidence Is too voluminous and the possibility of error too great to warrant a hasty decision.” Doyle said after hearing three of the defendants take the stand to deny the charges categorically.
There was no eoniirmatlon st SH- j AFF of a German broadcast claim that either Nazi or Dutch saboteurs had destroyed the vital mile and one-half long railroad bridge at Nijmegen. The enemy report said J the wreckage had been spotted .yesterday by a German pilot Canadian artillery and Infantry on the French channel coast heat again at Calais after a 24-hour armistice during tvnleh 10,000 French civilians were cleared from the beleaguered port.
During the pause In the hostilities, a Colonel Schroeder, the German commander of a garti-son believed to number 7,000 or 8 000, told his opponents he had bren ordered by Hitler to fight to the death and he proposed to do so.
Rain and sleet which the entire front the SWU
blanketed j from Holland to;
border turned to snow
in the Vosges foothills, where the j Seventh was making gains of up *o three miles in the face of !
nations of artillery and roc)k*1 •
(The Berlin radio said the rente. of fighting still on thls fr°
alirl acknowlodcrd that breachy in the German lines northwest Belfort had been widened).
German patrols were aggressive In the face Of the Sevenths advance., nod the enemy was giving: pv01^; Indication of making a fierce stand
VVWleVthe Americans held frontal oositions ll miles west of Benoit at the village of Chhrcscm te french units in a three-mile gain to the north fought up to ranee of the foothill pass at Ch
Pee GFRM ANY, FR ( ol *
Walter Dlxnn Manic, 1537 North 6th, rant her and automobile dealer, died at 7:45 pm Saturday night in Hendrick Memorial hospital, following a heart attack suffered lat® Friday,
Funeral will be at IO a m. Monday at the Kiker-Warren funeral home with the Rev, John Q, Moore, pastor of the Colonial Avenue Baptist church of Dallas officiating. assisted by the Rev. Millard A. Jenkens, pastor of the First Baptist church In Abilene.
Mr Manly was bom at Bellville, Texas, and moved with his parent* to Jones county In 1895. He was Hie son of the late Hinton D. and Rachel Manly, prominent early day ranch people.
He was engaged principally In ranching business and more recent in tile automobile business here, being engaged in the latter field at the time of his death.
, Survivors include his wife, the former Annie Lee Cowden, and a daughter, Paralee Dixon Manly.
German Resistance Collapses at Calais
Bv ALAN RANDAL
j C anadian Press War Corespondent
' WITH CANADIANS IN GALAL.. — spot 30—</P)—German resistance
L. collapsed in Calais this afternoon a after a bitter two-hour ai ill . he ; bombardment, on the German fortified positions together with a brief
air attack. ,
As the sun went down, five great columns of smoke rose above the bettered town and the Germans were marching out as prisoners in
long files. ,
There was little point- in then holding out longer except to deny the Allies use of the Calais port for a brief time more. The Calais cross-channel guns previously had been knocked out.
testifies at polygamy
TRIAL — Mrs. Helen Smith (abo\e) testified at trial of 32 persons on polygamy charges at Salt Lake City that "he tried to dissuade her husband, Heber C. Smith, Jr., from becoming a “fundamentalist* She said she obtained a divorce after her husband introduced her to his plural wife, Juanita Barlow. (AP Wirephoto) (See story on Page Six).