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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 28, 1944, Abilene, Texas o o SIXTH WAR LOAN County Quota ....... $3,395,000.00 Series E. Quota  $1,055,000.00 Series E Sales ...... $ 402,103.00 Che glhtlene Reporter-Bettsf MHP FINAL WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE    YOUR    WORLD    EXACTLY    AS    IT    COES."-Bvton VOL. LXIV, NO. 160 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 28, 1944-TWELVE PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Free, ,U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS ■ ,yj;ST TEXANS AT MARSHALL ISLANDS BOMB DUMP—Texas Marines, serving as elation ordnance men at a Marshall Islands base, hoist a bomb on a dolly. Left to right: Staff Sgt. Harold E. Cornelius, Goldthwaite; Staff Sgt. Charles W. Baker, Longview; Cpl. Charles L. McQueen, Clarendon; Pfc. James W. Huey, Coleman, and Cpl. James G. Johnston, San Antonio. (AP Photo). Alley Parking Tickets Issued, Chief Discloses Forty-one tickets for parking in 8 have been issued in October and November already. Chief Waldrop reported today, in reply to an assertion in the Friday meeting of the city commission that no tickets had been given in the past six ■months for such violations. “A check of our traffic files reveals that 17 such tickets were issued in October. Six of the fines have been paid and ll are still outstanding—that is, not collected. This month 24 t tickets have been given. Five ♦fines have been paid; the rest have not been collected. "This record certainly contradicts the statement made by a member of the city commission in its meeting last Friday.” Chief Waldrop * dared this morning. m • # * "I have always urged police officers to be courteous to the public and their practice of taking nickels from under windshield wipers on narked automobiles to put in me-Jrs is merely a courtesy. I am sorry that it has been criticized by the commissioners,” the police chief added. As one police officer pointed out, "it takes just as much trouble to • rite a ticket.” • Commissioner Tom Mc\\ hirter Friday demanded, "Are we hiring police to work for the people or for the city? "Don’t the people make up the city?” Waldrop asked. V- —-------------- First Discharged WAC Placed in Job fhromgh WMC Here For the first time since The Re-porter-News began carrying the regular column, Jobs for Vets, one the veterans interviewed at the United States Employment Service was a WAC. An honorably discharged Army mess sergeant, she wanted to secure the same type civilian employment. For excellent Army training, the jisES interviewer added, made it easy to reter her Immediately. He’s anxious to know if she got the job.  —   - ^okc Ready to Give Testimony AUSTIN, NOV. 28—(IP)—Governor Coke Stevenson said today at his press conference that he would ap- • tar before the senate investigating committee if asked, but that to date he had not been requested to appear. Asked what was the next move when the investigating committee ending hearings on the University I, Texas controversy, Stevenson Answered: "The Lord only knows.” Jobs for Veterans (Apply to War Manpower Commission, 1141 North 2nd). Veterans placed since dept. I    146 Veterans placed yesterday 0 Interviewed yesterday. IO Referred yesterday ---- IO louted to other ajpncies yesterday ....... 0j Jobs listed.........  .160; Heavy Snow Slows Battle For Budapest MOSCOW, Nov. 28.—(AP) —The heaviest snowfall of the year following a severe sleet storm slowed down action today in the battle for Budapest. German and Hungarian troops were occupying defense positions along a 26-mile curve from the southern limits of Budapest to the rail junction of Aszod on the northeast, front advices said. The Russian command made no mention of progress on that front although reports here said the situation in the Hungarian capital was tense. The Soviet war bulletin, however, reported capture of 50 additional hamlets in the puppet state of Slovakia. Red army columns in a six-mile penetration of northern Slovakia crossed the 2,700 foot Carpathians along the Polish frontier. Other units in the south advanced to within ll miles of the big north Hungarian rail center of Satoral-jaujhely. • * • Thus Col. Gen. Ivan Petrov’s Fourth Ukraine army widened its Tokyo. Thirteen Zeros were shot down. Front line dispatches front to 75 miles from a point west Yanks Dent Center French Over Rhine U. S. Ninth Reaches Flooded Roer River ALLIES, NEUTRALS LOSE 5,758 SHIPS UP IO 1944 Allies Evacuate 2 Provinces in China Bv the Associated Press Americans and British were ordered to evacuate the central China provinces of Kweichow and Hunan today in the face of menacing Japanese columns driving deeper into China. Further American air victories were reported over the Pacific where torrential tropical rains washed out ground fighting. Revenge-seeking Japanese fighter planes made two bombing and strafing attacks on Saipan, Marianas island base from which B29 Superforts have twice been sent against indicated this was close to the entire force making the second strike in broad daylight. Damage inflicted to the 21st bomber command base was not disclosed. Revised figures from Adm. Chester W. Nimitz added two more Japanese ships sunk and 23 damaged to the toll taken by carrier planes striking last Saturday (Philippines time) at the Manila bay area. To the south Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported heaviest bombing raids yet on Japanese airfields on Cebu. Negros and Mindano islands. Eight enemy interceptors were shot down. Series E Bond Purchases Lag While over-all sales of war bonds has reached $1,309,275.40 in the Taylor county Sixth War loan drive through Monday, purchases of series E bonds totaled $402,103, leaving $642,897 that must be bought to meet the $1,055,000 quota. Purchases Monday of series E bonds totaled $36,843.75, and overall sales reached $529,082.15. Unless the rate of buying of E bonds is materially increased the WASHINGTON. Nov. 28-(UP) The nation’s $14,000,000,000 Sixth war loan drive was apparently on schedule today as individual purchases neared the $1,000,-000.000 level. The individual quota for the drive, which runs through Dec. 16, is $5,000,000,000. drive will drag on almost to Christmas before the quota is met. The Abilene Army Air fields war bond musical jamboree program on KRBC last night resulted in purchase of $7,500 in bonds. The A AF show, being broadcast from, 9:15 to IO p. rn., Mondays during the drive, features the C-Notes from Municipal airport, the Blue Sky boys and Mrs. Aileen Hardin Stinnett. Bond orders telephoned to the station during the program are deliverd by WACS escorted by policemen. of Dukla pass in the north down to the Hungarian frontier, and further imperilled the enemy strongholds of Presov and Rassa (Kosicet. Red Army units only 25 miles to the east already menace those two points. For two months Russian divisions and units of the First Czechoslovakian army have been trying to force Dukla pass by a frontal blow. The assault from the rear by Petrov’s troops promised to shorten and better his supply lines to Red army bases in Poland. (The Berlin radio said Soviet troops who had crossed to the west bank of the Danube at Batina and Apatin in northern Yugoslavia had forced the Germans back a mile or more. This operation, not yet confirmed by Moscow, was seen by the Germans as an attempt to take WASHINGTON. Nov. 28-Shipping losses of the Allies neutrals from the beginning of the war through 1943 totaled 5,758 vessels aggregating 22.161,000 gross tons. This was officially announced today. The British government released through the Office of War Information a year-by-year breakdown of losses by Britain, the Allies, including the United States, and neutrals, presumably in the service of the United Nations. Simultaneously, the War Shipping administration announced United States losses totaled 753 vessels aggregating 3,311.000 gross tons. In the period covered by the announcement, the United States constructed about 30,000,000 deadweight tons of merchant ships, roughly offsetting the losses. The Maritime commission in its construction reports used deadweight tons as a measuring stick, while today’s report spoke in gross PF- I tons. A merchant ship’s deadweight and tonnage is somewhere In the neighborhood of 30 percent greater than its gross tonnage. Losses were severe in 1942. followed by vast improvement in 1943. In 1942, 1.859 vessels aggregating 8,338.000 tons were lost, 422 of them American ships aggregating 2,053.000 tons. Losses dropped to 812 ships aggregating 3,646.000 tons in 1943. The combined losses of Britain, the Allies and neutrals in 1942 far outstripped United States construction. and may have exceeded all construction available to any country. Against total losses of 8,338,000 gross tons in 1942, American shipyards turned out 8.089,732 deadweight gross tons. By 1943 the picture was changed entirely. Against losses of 3,646,000 gross tons, this country produced 19,238,626 deadweight tons, or about 13,000,000 gross tons, for a net gain exceeding 9,000,000 gross tons. This favorable ratio presumably is continuing into 1944. Coppers Capture Busy "Prowled Little opposition was encountered by B29s from Saipan and India striking simultaneously yesterday at Tokyo's industrial waterfront and Bankok’s important railway yards. | Budapest from the rear.) Six interceptors were brought down over Bangkok where bombardiers reported excellent hunting in perfect weather. Heavy clouds forced American air* men to use precision bombing over Tokyo and prevented observation of results. No Superforts were lost on either flight. Tokyo radio reported flying Japanese columns have driven more than eight miles into Kweichow province of cental China on their way toward Kweiyang, provincial capital, and the Burma road. The Chinese acknowledge one force enveloped Hochih, 140 miles southeast of Kweiyang. A second column advanced from Paoching in Hunan. Fall of Weiyang would endanger Chungking, 200 miles to the northwest. Itolo Cabinet Quits ROME, Nov. 28—(/Pl — Prospects were reported slim today for reach-Citizens of Abilene need worry no I *n8 an immediate solution of the longer. The "prowler” has been caught, police reported shortly before noon today. Early this mornin. police received a frantic call from a housewife. She reported a prowler in her backyard. And more calls flooded the police station. Patrol cars could take their choice of addresses. The prowler turned out to be a resident of the city zoo—a monkey. an Italian government crisis that resulted in resignation of Premier Ivanoe Bonomi and his cabinet. Sheriff Dies TERRELL, Tex., Nov. 28.—(/Pl— Sheriff Minor D. (Mike) Anderson, serving his third term, died early today at a hospital from a heart attack suffered last Friday while attending funeral services for his mother-in-law, Mrs. W. H. Monday. 77 ^hoppino (Bays LL till Christmas Former Abilene Druggist Dead A R. Christopher, 71, former Abilene druggist, died at 7:30 a. rn. today at Brady where he had made his home for the past four years. Mr. Christopher moved from Abilene to Tuscola about 12 years ago and later moved to Brady. Funeral service has been tentatively set for tomorrow here with Dr. E. B. Surface, pastor of the Central Presbyterian church, USA, officiating. Final arrangements will be announced from Laughter’s funeral home. Survivors include his wife; one son. W. G. Christopher, Abilene; one daughter, Mrs. W. W. Rainwater, who lived with her parents; three grandchildren; and two sisters. Willie Mae Christopher of Abilene and Mrs. R. M. Medley of Georgetown. House Trekkers At Supply Depot LONDON, Nov. 28—(/Pe—Still under security wraps, the house military committee from Washington turned up today at a big supply depot "somewhere in England” for a firsthand check-up on how industry is meeting the army’s materiel needs. One of the committee’s objects is to determine whether there are any unnecessary surpluses in the thousands of articles necessary to maintain modern fighting forces, as well as to learn what the deficits are. Third of British Homes Wrecked LONDON, Nov. 28—(UP)—Gre»t Britain, revealing the staggering measure of her war effort, reported today that one third of all the homes in the United Kingdom have been wrecked by Nazi bombs with almost 750,000 men women and children casualties, but that nevertheless the nation has produced 102,000 planes, 25,000 tanks and 4,500.000 tons of shipping in the first five years of war. Lifting the ban on military secrecy for the first time In an official white paper, the government made public complete details on the casualties and war production of the empire, withholding only such information as might affect the war against Japan. Information Minister Brendan Bracken, commenting on the government report, cited its findings as proof that Britain’s war effort has outstripped that of any other belligerent power. Britain, he said, not only provided most of the arms and munitions for the empire, but also, through its early expenditures, helped the United States to enter the war with her LONDON, Nov. 28—(AP)—Third army infantry advanced three to four miles in the center of the western front capturing a village today ten miles from Saarhrucken, a great German arsenal and pivot of the Siegfried line. A crossing of the Rhine north of Strasbourg by clements of French forces was reported in a French communique broadcast by the French press agency. No immediate confirmation or additional information was forthcoming. I he French elements are part of the American Seventh army and spear-headed the drive through the Saverne gap to Strasbourg. To the north, American troops of the Ninth army reached the flooded Roer river, last natural harrier before Cologne and the Rhine. In extremely hitter fighting, they cleared the village of Kirchberg. just across the muddy 30-yard wide stream from Julich, less than a mile to the north. Kirchberg is 23 miles from the western limits of Cologne. Between these armies, men of the U. S. First gained by the yard in the fortified village of Hurtgen, still in the contested forest; in Langerw’ehe, within five miles of Duren on the Roer; and in the western outskirts of Giosshau, three miles from the Roer in the Duren area. On the southern flank, Germans south of the Rhone-Rhine canal in Alsace virtually were wiped out with the capture of Dannemane and several adjacent villages. Scattered resistance continued in the industries on "something like a wartime footing.” "When the war started, we had large gold reserves in the United States,” he added. "These have all been paid over and the money spent in building up American munitions industries.” That contribution to the United States, he said, was "a small return for her tremendous generosity to us.” The official report showed thai. Britain’s war spending has reached the astronomical height of $634 per second, and that the proportion of her population mobilized for war is perhaps greater than that of any other belligerent power. • * • Other statistics: I. More than one third of ail men in the United Kingdom between the ages of 14 and 64 are under arms, and almost half the women between 14 to 59 are In the armed forces, full time civil defense or industry. 2. Casualties in the armed forces of Great Britain alone numbered 563.000 by the end of last September, including 176.000 killed; for the rest of the empire, casualties totaled | open with greater vigor at the oth-363,000, including 67,000 killed.    er end of the world when this pres- 3. One out of every three houses I ent one is finished.” This statement in Britain has been destroyed ct was made in answer to a query I damaged in air raids or by robot ! about the reconstruction of the j bombs, and civilian casualties up to | British army after the war. the end of August numbered 57,298 killed and 78,818 injured. in Vosges mountains where the U. S. Seventh army pressed forward through snow and mud. British on the north cleared a pocket north of Venlo and again probed the maze of defense* before that Dutch road center. Germany had the bulk of forces and her precious mobile re serves depoyed on the plain. Advances accordingly were slow, for the fight there was a great battle of attrition and Gen. Eisenhower's maximum objective was to destroy the German army. The massing of German strength on an 18-mile sector beyond Aachen weakened the enemy before the Saar, rich in coal and steel, and it wa* here that Lt. Gen. George S. Patton threw his Third army at this gateway into Germany. The Seventh army in part joined the Third in this offensive north of Saarbourg. Tho 80th infantry of Maj. Gen Horace L. McBride advanced three and a half miles capturing Being- German Supply Bases Battered LONDON. Nov. 28—(*»)—British heavy bombers flying in forces to-I tailing at least 1.000 dealt sharp her blows before dawn today to two German supply bases Just behind Col os ne I tile western front. ! One wing attacked Neuss, a railway center in the northern Rhine valley from which tracks branch to all sections of the front where the British Second army and the U. S. Ninth and First armies now are engaged. Another battered Frieburg. across the Rhine opposite the U. S. Seventh and French First army sectors. American heavy bombers attacked German rail movements at Offen-burg north of Frieburg yesterday. British Mosquitos made another night attack on Berlin. American fighter pilots shot down 98 German planes yetserday in the ..    ..    ,    #    £3 i greatest all-fighter air battle of bou&s,. ten miles sourest of Saar- «    destroyed    another    four city of 135,000. The 9oth       ,    ,...........bin. Tommies Have Shells Aplenty LONDON. Nov. 28—(ZP)—Prime Minister Churchill assured the I house of commons today that : “there is no reason to support a , belief that the British armies will be short of the necessary ammunition to fight their battles.” The premier’s statement, made In answer to a query soon after the bourg, ll miles southwest of ^ar’ fighters downed for that period, parliament, elected in 1935, opened brueken and seven miles southwest brucken, division of Maj. Gen. Harry L Twaddle moved within five miles of Saarlautern on the frontier. The Third army passed Hom- on the ground, bringing their kills for 24 hours to 212. The total for the entire U. S. Eighth air force, including bomber gunners, thus was raised to at least 239 German its tenth consecutive session, follower^ a statement by President Roosevelt that shell shortages were costing the lives of American fighting men. Churchill based his reply on factory workers’ maintaining their present planned output. He added: “We have very considerable reserves, the use of which depends on the vary in* estimates as to the duration of the German resistance.” Churchill said "another war will of the French frontier town of Forbad). Hagenau, where railroads lead from the extreme east of France to Karlsruhe and Neustadt, was See GERMANY Pg. ll Col. 8 IN THIS ISSUE-- Paul Bolton, Austin correspondent of the Abilene Reporter.News, has written a series of articles appraising the University of Texas situation, candidly and without respect to personalities involved. Turn to page 12 for his first article. Thirteen American fighters and one bomber were missing from yesterday's operations. Texas Fighter Pilots Are Doing Their Bit LONDON, NOV. 28.—(ZP)—'Texas fighter pilots in the U. £. Eighth air force did their part over Germany yesterday when 98 German planes were shot down. Lt. John S. Sublee of Alpine, Texas downed three Nazi ships; Lt. John M. Nicklbur, Jr., of Port, Arthur, Capt. Gordon B. Compton of Dallas, and Lt. Frank H. Bouldin jr., of Temple, each got one. Capt. Harold Barnaby of Waco destroyed a plane on the ground. The Weather SOLON FAG SEARCH FANS FIRE, LITTLE SMOKE WASHINGTON, Nov. 28.—(ZP)— Little smoke but a lot of fire was fanned up on Capitol Hill today in the search for the missing cigarets. Senate investigators of the cigaret shortage pursued what Senator Ferguson (R-Mich) called the same rumors “sis those heard by every cigaret smoker." And Chairman Flannagan (D-Va) called his house agriculture commitee together to explode “untrue propaganda xxx that the shortage stems back to a shortage in leaf tobacco.” While the senate war investigating committee probably will discuss an. undercover inquiry by its agents at a session today, Ferguson said he did not look for a public hearing “until additional progress has been made.” • * No cigaret smoker himself, Ferguson said his interest is “to see if the shortage has been caused by black market, excessive storage or for other reasons.” "People have been led to believe that they can’t buy ciga rets because a large percentage of manufacture is going to troops overseas,,f Ferguson continued. “Then they learn that at many points the soldiers can’t get cigarets or have to pay black market prices. “There probably are a number of explanations for the shortage, including increased consumption here and abroad. "But, until we find out what the causes are, it will be difficult to find a remedy. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE HEATHER RI REAU ABILENE AND VICINITY — Mostly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wed nesdav. Occasional light rains tonight and Wednesday. Little change in tem perature today and tonight; cooler Wed nesday afternoon. EAST TEXAS Cloudy in east and south portions: partly cloudy in northwest portion this afternoon and tonight. Occasional rain in south and eaat portions tonight and in south portion this afternoon Wednesday partly cloudy; occasional rain in east portion. Warmer in extreme east and cooler in northwest portion with temperature 28-33 degrees in extreme northwest portion tonight Cooler in north and west portions Wednesday. WEST TEXAS Partly cloudy with oc-nesday Colder tonight colder Wednes-rasional light rain in Del Rio-Eagle Pass this afternoon. Fair tonight and Wed-area and San Angelo-El Dorado area day east of the Pecos river and in the Del Rio-Eagle Pass area Lowest temperature 24 28 degrees in Panhandle | and 26-30 degrees in .South Plains Minimum temperature last 12 hours, 43. TEMPERATURES Tue-Mon Mon Sun A M. Hour P M 45    32—    I—    56    44 45    31—    2—    58    47 45    31—    3—    58    49 45    31—    4—    59    4!) 45    31—    5—    58    49 45    33—    6—    54    46 44    33-    7—    50    45 44    34—    8—    46    39 46    38—    9—    46    34 50    46—10— 46    33 53    50—11— 44    32 55    53—12— 45    33 SAVE A BUNDLE A WHR mk i SAVE SOME BUTS HEI 1 aiaajnwgjI CEJJEj SlatuM mud Sunrise this morning Sunset tonight ....................35 WHERE ALLIES EDGE TOWARD COLOGIN E-oritish troops gained as Americans fought in Koslar and captured Frcnz in a slow advance south other Yanks drove into Hurtgen. Heavy line is approximate battle line on the norm em front. (AP Wirephoto Map). ;