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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 26, 1944, Abilene, Texas SIXTH WAR LOAN County Quota ...... $3,395,000.00 Scries E Quota  $1,055,000.00 Scries E Sales ....... $ 275.880.25 Che Abilene sporter-Betts; ^        r,wrv-nr    mrc VT /IT CL'E’T f'U VHI IR U/DRI D FVACTLY AS ll' GOES.”-B\TOT1 r ii MMY VOL. LXIV, NO A TEXAS NEWSPAPER "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXAC FLY AS ll GOES. ARTT.F.NeTtexas. sunday morning7novf.mber 26, T944-thirty-six pages IN THREE SECTIONS Atocia"* Pm, (AP)_ (/tiffrd PT,,, 1 [/.rjPRICE FIVE CENTS Yanks Face Big Robot Attack Ships, 2,000 Nips Perish By the Associated Press Desperate Japanese attempts to land reinforcements on Leyte island in the central Philippines resulted in the destruction of a fourth Nippon convoy and loss of an estimated 2,000 troops Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today. The general said four troop ships were caught at dusk Saturday (Philippines Time) off the island of Cebu, west Reds Capture lories E Sales Key Defense 1st at Edge In Hungary pickup;b|qof Hurtgen Yet to Be Made Purchasing of series E war bonds quickened last week in Abilene and LONDON, Sunday, Nov. 26. Ta\lor county, as well as in sornp — (AP)-—The German announced last night that Russian troops had pressed Axis radio I neighboring counties but it w as evident at the week’s end that the ••bis: push” must yet develop. Reports from various counties Photos Bv U. S. Army Signal Corps. tBABY GIRLS RECEIVE DADDIES DECORATIONNS-In impressive ceremonies at Camp Barkeley Service club No. Friday afternoon military decorations earned on the battlefields of Italy by their fathers who died in action, were presented two baby girls of this vicinity. In the picture above the daughter of Sgt. Oscar W. Cason sits in the lap of her •mother, Mrs. Bernice Cason, of Abilene, route 2. wearing the Silver Star medal just pinned upon her dress by Col. George C. Neilscn, commander of Camp Barkeley. It was awarded her father posthumously. Shown in the lower picture is Paula Andress, daughter of Sgt. Dulan J. Andress os Hamlin, Has she was held in the arms of her mother, Mrs. Mildred Andress, awaiting presentation of the Bronze Star awarded her father posthumously. The young wives of the two fallen heroes joined Mrs. Hill H. Merritt of Snyder, and Mr. Merritt, in the ceremonies. Mrs. Merritt received the Distinguished —Service cross awarded posthumously to her son, Sgt. Hugli H. Merritt. All three men fought in Italy. of Leyte, by Yank pilots who sank three of them and left the fourth in flames. All troops and cargo aboard the ships were lost. Reinforcement attempts have cost the japanese a total of some 17.000 I troops, 16 transports aggregating 85,000 tons, and 14 escorting war-i ships. Meanwhile the U. S Navy re-, ported the sinking of 27 additional Japanese ships by American submarines in Pacific and Far East waters. In a Pacific fleet headquarters communique Adm. Chester W. Nim* itz disclosed American Army bombers heavily hit Japan's Bonin islands—on the air route between Saipan and Tokyo—before and after U. S. Super Fortresses struck for the first time against industrial targets in the Nippon capital. He also reported raids on Marcus island, 1,000 miles southeast of Tokyo, and on the Palaus and Yap. Radio Tokyo claimed that IJ. S. carrier planes bombed Manila shipping and struck airfields on Luzon island, and that Japanese airmen sank two American transports and damaged a transport and a destroyer in Leyte gulf. The claims remained unconfirmed. On Leyte island hard-hitting American doughboys cleared Japanese from heights east of Ormoc road while Yank. artillery blasted enemy big gun positions in battle areas and along th* Ormoc corridor. The Japanese lost six more planes as they continued raiding in the Leyte sector. The U. S. Navy's report on latest submarine operations in Japanese-controlled waters showed that of the 27 ships bagged one was a destroyer, one a converted gunboat, four tankers, one a large transport and the other cargo transports or merchantmen ranging form small to large Since the start of the war the Yank submersibles have chalked up this box score against the Japanese: 654 vessels sunk, including 80 combat units: 37 probably sunk; 110 damaged. A Netherlands submarine, operating under American control. accounted for 4.500 tons of Japanese shipping in Dutch East Indies waters. In China there were indications that the Japanese may contemplate a three prong drive on Kewiyang, capital of Kweichow province. Nippon patrols were reported operating west of Hwaiyuanehen, 185 miles southeast of Kweiyang. Other japanese threats to the Kweichow center weer in the Kungsheng sector, 4o miles northwest of Kweilin, and at poaching. 290 miles northeast, of Kweiyang. The Chinese claimed repulse of the invaders northwest of Kungsheng. The Japanese claimed capture of Pinyang, 50 miles from Yungning iNanning) and reported their forces only seven miles from the latter strategic city. Meanwhile in Burma Chinese troops took four additional strong points inside the encircled Japanese Bhamo base.    _____ Mo re Stamps Valid WASHINGTON, Nov. 25—— Five more blue stamps, used for processed foods, will become valid Dec. I. They are stamps X-5, Y-5, Z-5, A-2 and B-2, each worth IO points. They will be valid indefinitely. No other blue stamps are expected to be validated for processed foods until Jan. I. 1945. the Office of Price administration said. Texas Purchases Of Bond Betters 5th Loan Figure BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Small bond buyers in Texas went on a spree the first week of the Sixth War loan to send Series E War Bond sales up to $22,300,189. the state war finance committee announced Saturday. That was a figure ahead of the one for the same period in the record-breaking Fifth War loan. It was 212 per cent of the $105,000,-000 Series E quota, and included sales made and processed through Friday. "The E bond is everybody’s bond and Texans are really responding.’ said Committee Chairman Nathan Adams of Dallas. In the Fifth War Loan Texas attained 110.7 per cent of its Series E quota and 132 per cent of the overall quota. Latest official figures for the sixth show overall sales at $42,646,-355 against a quota of $414,000,000. Sales processed through December 31 will be counted on the sixth war loan quota. Sutton county Friday became the first county in the state officially to top both its Series E and overall quotas for the Sixth War Loan. Adams said. Others had announced that they had unofficially gone over. Official Treasury tabulations are based on sales processed through the federal reserve banks. The Sutton county quota was $235,000. with $70,000 of this the Series E quota. forces back in Budapest’s showed that plans for intensive southern outskirts on the campaigning already are made and Coleman county was nearer its quota, on percentage basis, than any other county reported in this region. With an over-ail quota of $840,000 purchases had reached $810,900 of all types of bonds. Series E purchases had not been tabulated separately. YOUR ATTENTION Among Important and Interesting stories in this edition are: Page 5—Federation of Balkan countries nearing. Page 6—University of Texas Regents decline further testimony. Page 6—Air Base bond shows underway. Page 7—Christmas seal drive starts. Page 8—Sweetwater men bomb Tokyo. Page 13—Americans generally want universal training. Page 7 — Steelworkers get slight raise. Page 16—Texas war production lagging badly. on Danube river island of Csepel, lad captured Hatvan. German anchor stronghold 25 miles northeast of the capital, and also conquered nearly all of Miskolc. Hungary’s fifth city. I None of these enemy reports was confirmed by Moscow’s brief communique. which, however, disclosed that Soviet troops had cut the Budapest-Hatvan highway with the capture of Kerekharaszt, two miles west of Hatvan.    •    .    I Both Hatvan and Miskolc, the lat-teer 85 miles northeast of Budapest. have been under Red army riege for a weeks. Their fall would not only speed Hussian en< iirclemmt of the eastern half of Budapest, but also accelerate Soviet attacks along roads leading to Austria and Czechoslovakia. Avis reports placed the Russian invaders of < sppel Inland within seven miles of the town of Csepel. which is on the southern municipal boundary of Budapest and the site of the big Weiss Manfred war plant and many city docks serving the capital. Moscow's bulletin told of the capture of five villages in Hungary including Uregcsanalos, eight miles northeast of Kiskolc and Tarnns-zentmaria, in the foothills of the Matra mountains five miles west of besieged Eger. Tarnaszentmaria is j pnly 18 miles from the Slovakian frontier. Berlin said Hatvan fell after seven violent Russian tank attacks. Once \ during the day the Germans threw the Russians out of the strategic 1 town, but finally withdrew their forces west of Hatvan, a late German broadcast said. Hatvan. described by Berlin as the key to all Axis defenses east of Budapest, is on the Buda pest-Miskolc railway. A line leads northward to the Czechoslovakian border. 30 miles away. Miskolc was entered by three Russian divisions striking from the south and northeast after a terrific artillery barrage, and Berlin said German and Hungarian ti oops had nearly completed their evacuation of | the seven-way junction only 25 miles from the Slovakian frontier. Mrs. W. E. Roberts Dies, Rites Monday SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE. Pans. Nov. 25 (AP)—The American r irst Army, pushing steadilv toward the Cologne plain agains, fur* iou* and undiminished German opposition, had reached the edge of the bloody Hurtgen forest tonight and was under mounting robot-bomb fire from the Nazi defenders of the The First Army’s troops fought within a few hundred yards of Groshau and a thousand yards of Kleinhau in the Hurtgen area and brought the town of Hurtgen under artii lory fire, but still had in almost every county rallies and other organized efforts are scheduled this week and next week. Series E bond sales In the Sixth War Loan drive reported last night bv issuing agencies in Abilene, Trent. Mercle and Tuscola totaled $275,880.25, which Is only slightly more than one-fourth of the Taylor countv quota of 11.055.000. Over-all sales, including E bonds and all other series, had reached $960,343 25, on an over-all quota of $3,395,000. Merkel’s sale*- through the bank had reached 845 543 of E bonds, and a total of $48,617. Scurry County In Scurry county. Forrest Sears of Snyder, county chairman, said every effort was being made to have I the most productive bond rally of the war in Snyder Fridav evening. The Abilene Army Air field’s war bond jamboree show will be staged that evening. Hobbs. Fisher county, postponed its rally to Wednesday evening because of rain. Hittson. the first Fisher county community to hold 1 a rally, went over its quota last week. Runnels County One of the best, earlv showing reports by a West Central Texas county Is In Runnels, where without the organized campaign having started. E bond *alcs have reached $66,123 and over-all sales $88,731. John Q McAdams. Wincers banker, is the Runnels county chairman. Cross Plains People of Cross Plains community. st a Main street rallv this afternoon oversubscribed the community quota of the Sixth War loan. Purchases of all types of war bonds totaled $97,475. The quota was $72.-000. The Series E bond quota of $30,-000 was oversubscribed. Major David Evaas. spetjial service officer of the Army Service Forces Training center. Camn Barkeley. was the official "auctioneer.’’ He was introduced by B H. Freeland of Baird, county war bond chairman. noi smashed their way completely out of the forest, reports to supreme Allied Headquarters said.    ,    J On the First Armv’s left flank to the north U. S. Ninth Army units were engaged In heavy fighting outside Koslar Just west of the Hoer river, the last big natural barrier before the Rhine. 1A broadcast by the German news ageney DNB s chief military commentator said Allied troops had scored a seven-mile advance east of Aachen. If true, this would place the PARIS, Nov. 25—- >T) — Guns boomed outside Paris and chiirchbells in the cliv pealed tonight in celebration of the liberation of Metz and Strasbourg. Americans on the east side of the Roer. There was no Allied confirm-1 atlon. however'. In this heavy fighting east of Aachen, the greatest battle of the western front, the Ninth overran Bour helm. two miles southwest or julich and less than a mile from tile Roer. today, while other elements of the First fought from house to house in Weisweiler, seven miles from a second Nazi Roer river strongpoint, Duren. Far to the south, meanwhile, Infantry of the American Seventh Army toie through German lines on the north side of the corridor leading eastward to Strasbourg from the Sa verite area and drove a nev wedge to Weyershcim. eight miles north of Strasbourg and five miles west of the Rhine. Strasbourg itself was virtually cleaned up w it h 10.000 prisoners ut the bag, but the Germans were dug in at approaches to bridges over the Rhine in thr city. However, Hie enemy wras falling back In the great Alsace pocket as the Americans advanced through the Vosges mountain passes and the First French Army pressed steadily from the south. in the central sector of the front today, the U. S. Third Army gained Merseburg Oil Center Wrecked By IM Planes LONDON. Nov. 25 •T*—More than 2.000 American warplanes attacked I the German oil center of Merseburg today for the second time in four days, spreading 3,000 tons of explosives on the sprawling Leuna synthetic refinery as well as on important fuel storage facilities at Bingen. 50 mile* northwest of the Baar industrial area. A synthetic oil plant at Lutz-kendorf, IO miles north of Merseburg also was attacked. Only a dozen or so enemy fighters, including five or six speedy jets, were seen on th* Mersebur* mission and they promptly took cover in thick clouds over the targets. So slight was enemy opposition, both from ground guns and planes that many of the 1,000 Mustang*. Thunderbolts and Lightnings of the Eighth and Ninth Air For.es which escorted the armada of mere than I 1,000 heavy bombers strafed at tree-j top level. • Preliminary reports said they blew up six locomotive* and nine railway car* at Bingen, communications hub tor Nazi troops being; sent to defend the Saar, now under direct attack from Lt Gen. George S. Patton's American Third Army. On their w ay home they also shot up ll locomotives and 16 railway cars, damaged two parked aircraft and destroyed two FW-44 training planes. Subcommittee Ends Study of Air ABC CHICAGO. NOV. 25—UP -A Joint up to four and a half miles along its subcommittee on which all 54 coun-60-mile line, lengthening tile strip of tries at the international civil avia- Mitchell County In Mitchell county sales of all types of bonds had reached approximately $200,000, said Senator FDR Asks Support In Sole of Seals NEW YORK. NOV. 25—iJP) - President Roosevelt today asked the American people to join with official and voluntary agencies in tile fight against tuberculosis which he said is taking "a tremendous toll of lives in the war-torn countries of Europe and Asia.'' Supporting the 38th annual Christmas Seal sale of the National j TuberclosLs association and Its affiliates which opens tomorrow and will continue until Christmas, the president said in a statement issued by the association that this country cannot afford to permit the .strength of its people to be sapped by this insidious disease.” Funeral services for Mrs. W. E Roberts, pioneer Jones countian who died in an Abilene hospital Saturday morning, will be held Monday at 2:30 p. rn. at the Kiker-Warren chapel. Dr. Millard A. Jenkens will officiate. Burial will be In the Rising Sun cemetery. Mrs Roberts was born in Mississippi Aug. 31. 1856. Her maiden name was Mattie Spurks. Her family moved to Eastland county in 1874. and she married Mi Roberts in 1875. The couple moved to Jones J”’ E    u county in 1879. where they have made their home ever since. Mr Roberts died in 1936. Surviving are two sons, Gus and Hugh, both of NuRent; and four daughters, Mrs. Ray Riggs of Pampa Mrs Pete Wright of Nu-crv;. Mrs. Ras of Mullins, and Mrs. Lonnie Wright of Bokchito, German .soil in its possession to 20 miles and wilting out a German salient on the Seventh Army's north flank Good weather permitted airforces to join in tile ba tile for the first time in three days. Thirteen hundred fighters and medium bombers of the Ninth Airforce and Second tactical Airforce made bombing, strafing and escort sorties on tile Rhineland, some of (Item directed against retreating German columns. In eastern Holland, the British Pat Bullock. Colorado City, county I Second Army reached the Maas 15 chairman. The over-all quota is $440,000. Approximately $50,000 of of $170,000 had been purchased. Tank Destroyers Lauded by Captain Okla. miles north of the enemy s river stronghold at Venlo, and was attacking the defenses of Venlo. Exploiting the Strasbourg breakthrough. the U. S. 44th and 79th infantry divisions struck north of the Sax erne gap despite continuing tank-supported counter-attacks and moved up along both sides of the Marne-Rhine canal in the area of Mommenheim, 13 miles northwest of tion conference are represented completed tonight its first scanning of the ' ABC” proposal for a world air transport organization. The "ABC’ proposal is a statement by the American, British and Canadian delegations of the points they had reconciled in tile three proposals they had offered when the meeting began Nov. I. It was complete except for four articles, in which only one seriously controversial point is presented. This relates ‘o thr method by which she "fifth freedom"—the privilege of carrying intermediate traffic on long hauls—is to be applied. It is the one major problem remaining to be solved if the conference is to do a complete job of establishing a world air transport organization. Professor Dies TEMPLE, Nov. 25—i/P Tribute: Strasbourg. to the tank destroyers for the finest Tile canal itself turns southward Texan Decorated WASHINGTON. Nov. 25 (/Pl— Rear Adm. Spencer S. Lewis of the U. S Navy has been awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a second Dis- exhibitlon of accurate firing he wit- to Strasbourg, but other routes mullioned Service Mr 'I for ser AUSTIN. NOV. 25 (A rites will be said tomorrow for Dt. J. O. Marberry, 69. University of Texas professor of educational administration and chief of tile extension teaching division who died today.    _ Funeral    Jessed during    the entire    French    ahead rd tile American spearhead campaign was    paid bv an    infantry    l™d to Bischwiller and Hagenau, 12 officer Capt    William L    Burnell    and 16 mile* north of Strasbourg and FEW REQUEST LAKESIDE LOTS EXCEPT IN AREA TAKEN BY COMMISSION FROM PUBLIC PARK AREA of Bay City. Tex., on his arrival at McCloskey General hospital today. He told how his unit had been held up by artillery and mortar fire and pinned down on the outskirts of Brest. "The Jerries were employing a church steeple and water tower mime 5,000 yards a wav as observation posts and fire rontrol towers We knew they had to be neutralized. and soon”, Captain Burnell said. "Then it. happened A weird looking armored contraption appeared the Rhine crossings into Karlsruhe. vices in the amphibious invasion of southern France. The Navvy disclosing the award, aid that Lewis, who was born in west of Bischwiller. At Mommenheim they were IO Balks Calvert, Tex , already was holder of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Gold Star in lieu of a second Legion of Merit, and the British Order of the Bath, grade of companion. Saburo Says Allies 'Aggressor Nations' Governors Elect ^<err as Chairman BILOXI. Miss., Nov. 25—(ZP) Gov. Robert S. Kerr of Oklahoma was named chairman of the southern governors’ conference here today in a session at which representatives of ll states pledged "a solid south in development of the region's natural resources, natural talents and war-encouraged industries.” Governor Kerr, keynote speaker at the conference and also at the recent national convention of the Democratic party, succeeds Gov. x^rentice Cooper of Tennessee- Carpenters Needed To Protect Soldiers When a majority of the Abilene j the site of a city commission recently broke the lene Boating club. clubhouse for the Abl- 1 mission to request the portion of the , s0mp djR?an(n flt the rear of my r*>- Bv The Associated Press Saburo Kurusu, who was protest ing Japan's peaceful intent nun United States Secretary of State Cordell Hull at the moment Nip- The Weather pledge given the people of the city , when they voted $600,000 bonds and built Fort Phantamhill lake dam nlea for careeners to rmair b>’ opening part of the public park plea mr caipenters to .repai.    we&    lakeside    for    lease A leaking barracks’ roows at Camp Barkeley has been Issued by W S. Sampler, civil service representative at the local United States Employment office. The roofs ere in such a condition that rain leaks through on the soldiers, he declared. No examinations to Appearing before the commission asking for this lease were George Page, commodore; Flank Gerlach, vice commodore, and Carl Guin, individuals it was thought 12 to member of the boating club 15 lots would be surveyed there. 1 _..      n    f    ihfl    rift/ These men are three of the co- Prellminarv reports of the city partners in the City Transportation engineer now is that there may not company which last Friday was • *-*■    I    given a 15-year franchise by the commission to operate the city bus Page and Guin also are associated in a taxicab company operating here. be more than six or eight lots in che restricted area When the lake was first opened | system the city commission voted to set aside 4,000 feet of shoreline from the dam south along the west side as a public park te leased to individuals were Carl Guin., George Page. Hank Gerlach and Harry Combs. These men told the commission at that time that they came as private citizens and not as boating club officials or members. * * • Tile 3-2 vote to survey the lots for lease was on mo ion madp by Commissioner Tom Bacon and Commissioner Tom M< Wincer. Mayor Will W Hair and Commissioner A. H Pool voted against the proposal Mayor Hair /lad thL to say:    lins aition and went into action. It was a tank destroyer. Its crew scored 16 direct hits on those targets in as many rounds. Seeing is believing ” * ut e\R 1 Mi sr <*1 coMMEECt IM MIIIH RI HI VI NHIM NI \N ll I It I N I I I    lair and £01    folder, frnh wind* Sundae.    Monday fair and continurd fold. I \sv rf XAS—Fair and i older with fresh wind* Sundae and in    east and ,    ,,,    n    ,    -.outii portion* Sunday night.    I rerun* poll esc bombs were    falling 011 Peal I    temperature* in north portion    .Mid hard Townsend to Quit AUSTIN, Nov. 25 f/Pi—W. J Townsend or Lufkin, chairman of the state liquor board, has nounred he will resign effective Jan. I to become district attorney in his home district.    _ Orchestras Aid A second action which cut fur* land was previously set aside and are required for the work and the nernranent public park, open with- ther into the public s park at the dedicated for public ufe so that pen 1 out cost to citizens to camp, fish and lake was when on Oct. 20. by a 3 to 2 pje unable or unwilling to buy would men need .not be skilled carpenters. Also needed at Barkeley is an swim. art illustrator to make such things as charts for use in instruction. Appointment, will be made on qualifications, Sampley said. The rule first was broken Sept 29 when the commission approved a 99-year lease of a point (lots 465 to 467> within the public park to be I vote, the city engineer was ordered to survey for lease to individuals a strip of the shoreline near the proposed boating club Hhuse. Those appearing before the com- a I ways have a place to fish, camp and swim.” Since the order to survey these WASHINGTON. Nov. 25—f/Pt— Sixteen symphony orchestras, with 20 concert artists appearing as guest stars, are giving an “unprecedented" series of concerts during the Sixth War Loan drive, the treasury said today. Harbor, declared today ii that his country "has 100.0'0,000 Patrick Henrys fighting for their country's freedom with heart and soul.” Kurusu spoke at a meeting sponsored by the Japanese Foreign and Poli'ical Affairs association on the an-1 third anniversary of his fateful 1941 mission to the United Hates as "peace envoy.” His remarks were quotrd in an English language broadcast beamed to the United States by the Tokyo radio. He asserted “it is absurd to class Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor and tier conquest of Hongkong and Singapore as aggression and equally false to brand Japan's defense preparations for war." He maintained that Britain and the United States were the "aggressor nations. Japan frerre In fvtffmf north portion Sun-dn' night. Monday fair and continued .old    M WIST IIN. VS—Fair Sunday and 'Inn-with strong Hind', sunday. I old-'■linda., ex.ept continurd told in panhandle Freriing 'iindJ' night with hard freere In panhandle md south plain*. Continued told Monda'. ti .MIM « V ft RI S Sal V VI •.I    • IH • I* -ll. -III -MI . Cl -IR -Ct -SI - I ri. vt VI SS • ■Vt VI VI ss 57 59 HOI K ... I . - .Mi - Sit High and Sal. ■VR VR Vt St VO IS 45 date last J earl low temperatures to 9 __    59    and    IS. High sod low same 63 sud ll Sunset U't HUM *:33. sunrise this morning. RI*. Sunset tonight, ti.id. - I rt. P M - SS - 60 - 61 - 61 . 60 - 60 - VS - SI - 53 -    50 - St - VO p- ;