Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 24, 1938, Abilene, Texas
Cfje Abilene Reporter ~Jirtos
"WITHOUT. OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE ICH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT I .'OLS,"-Byron_
VOL LYM I, NO. 177.
ABILENE, TEXAS,THURSDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 24, 1938.—TEN PAGES.
Arara)*!** frra* (AP)
PRICE FIVE CENTSShantytown Dwellers Await Thanksgiving With Hopes Day Will Bring Enough Food For Sustenance
By RAY DAVIDSON Down past of the Southside “negrotown" s hundred families huddled In windswept shacks and trailer houses last night, waiting for Thanksgiving morning.
In shantytown It was colder than in other parts of Abilene, because the wlrtd hie,, through inch-wide cracks Into hovels occupied by the destitute white
folks who live down by the tracks.
To the passerby at Third and < hlna streets early last night, the inadequacy of shantytown housing was obvious, for many of the sharks showed yellow stripes of light as wide as two fingers between every board.
Tow-sarks nailed aeross north walls sometimes helped a little.
Many of the prude shelters
were without windows, and many others larked panes In the holes called windows. Pillows are good to stop the wind from blowing through holes, hut pillows are precious few, and sacking and rags are more commonly used.
The trallor houses that were clumped together in the area were mostly constructed of canvass over wooden frameworks.
They loomed dim-yellow in the night as rays from kerosene lamps pierced the durk-cloth walls.
Shadows moving back and forth across the cracks of light were human beings, • o hunched dose to makeshift stoves and wished the north wind would never blow.
By eight o'clock the lights began to blink out. One can't
afford to alt up all hours of the night and burn wood, if he lives In shantytown.
Going to bed was accomplished In a fashion not generally followed in other economic strata.
There was little bedding, so the natural warmth of human bodies was at a premium.
With their day clothes on, the people bedded-down in familv
RAGING OUT OF CONTROL IN FORESTS, CANYONS-
California Fires Wreak Havoc
flusters, with husband, wife, sons and daughters dinging together In a single mass of humanity.
Six, eight or ten hearts can pump more warming blood than one; a strong heart is essential for survival when there is no bedding and little shelter.
Not many of the shanties have dirt floors. Rut possibly those that do are warmer, for
they are nearer the ground, more protected from the airconditioning of the north wind.
Thanksgiving morning will find most of them, It is hoped, with enough food for sustenance. And clothing in most cases will meet the standards required by folks from "Chiny’* street.
Most of the men have WPA Jobs that bring in as high as
130 per month. THI* buys food, some clothing, and pnys a little rent for those fortunate enough to live in regular houses.
And rent is higher than seems reasonable for the decaying houses used in southeast Abilene. Some shacks probably bring net annaal incomes to their owners of more than their
See SHANTYTOWN, Pg. 5, Cot C
With Victim's Face Like That 'In A Dream'—
STUDY PRE-DEATH PHOTO FOR CLUE IN 'HELPING-HAND SUICIDE'
WHITE PLAINS. N Y . Nov. 23 —^—Investigators hunted tonight for clues in a “face-in-a-dream" photograph of Eugene Y. Burck-halter, 47. snapped Just before he went to his supposed suicidal death la a home-made lethal chamber his widow says she helped him set up
The picture of the chemical firm executive was taken by Mrs I .arle Burckhalter, 44, as ho stood near the garage at their Hastlngs-on-Hudson homr where he was found dead from carbon monoxide fumes
“When we developed the film,’’ said Assistant District Attorney Elbert T. Gallagher, :Tt showed Burckhalter standing hat in hand, leaning on a cane, near the garage..
“His face appeared abs*#ately blank, without a single emotion, like a face In a dream." Gallagher said Mrs Burckhalter, who is held In $10,000 ball on a first degree manslaughter charge, explained she took the farewell photo “because I only had one
more picture left on the film, and I wanted to use it up."
He said Mrs. Burckhalter admitted that as she took the photograph, she knew the garage had been transformed Into an "execution chamber” and that It was the last time she would see her husband alive
Gallagher said Buckhalter's expression in the photograph gave no indication that he expected death Imminently.
The slight, bespectacled housewife, emerging haggard but un
shaken from the questioning, j staunchly insisted that her hus- j band took his own life, though saying she helped him prepare the paraphernalia of death: assisted
him to attach a -vacuum cleaner hose to the automobile exhaust pipe; helped him caulk the open rear window of the car with newspapers; even handed him a brandy eggnog to bolster his flagging courage, and twitted him as **not having the nerve to go through with it.”
HOLDING AREA IN GRIP—
Freeze Drives Deep Into Texas
HERO OF MORRO CASTLE ON TRIAL
Weather Right’ For Walk Atter Turkey Dinner
George W. Rogers (left), radio hero of the Morko Castle disaster, Is shown as he went on trial at Jersey City, N. J. He was accused of attempting to kill LL V. J. Doyle (right), his superior In the Bayonne, N. J.,
a ggp pmm lip
' K ' * . * * *• & *4 v
police radio bureau with a homemade bomb wrapped In a paper box. Doyle lost three fingers and si* fared a fractured leg in the explosion. (Associated Press Photo).
Black Awarded Welfare Medal
Justice Urges Governments To Give 'First Importance' To 'Human Beings'
Service Stations Do Heavy Trade In Anti-Freezes
Subfreezing weather held Abilene in its grip last night and moved southeastward across Texas.
The Panhandle prepared for 10-degree temperatures, coldest In two years In Abilene the thermometer was dipping to—ard the 20-mark, and it was expected that early morning temperatures of Thursday would rival last winter’s minimum.
Lowest recorded in Abilene Wednesday was 22 degrees, at which point the mercury stood at six and seven o'clock. Forecast for Wednesday night was for 20-22 degree readings, with continued cold and fair weather for Thanksgiving,
Range of temperatures during Wednesday ranged from the low of 22 to a high of 38 at 4 p. rn., and today’s readings were expected to be similar.
Lowest temperature recorded last j WASHINGTON. Nov. 23 .—UP*-winter was 17 degrees, occurring on (Secretary Hull called isolation and January 31. [national self-sufficiency “illusions’
CHICAGO. Nov 23—(UP)— The weather will be “Just right" for a brisk walk after that heavy Thanksgiving dinner.
U. 8 Forecaster C. A Donne I predicted today that “clear and crisp'* weather will prevail tomorrow over almost the entire nation.
"It will be Just right for a brisk walk after a heavy meal,” Donnel said, “if you can get up the ambition to do IL"
U. S. Isolation ision-Hull
BIRMINGHAM, Ala .Nov. 23—(ZP) —Justice Hugo L. Black urged that governments give “first importance to promoting the welfare and happiness of human beings" tonight in accepting the Thomas Jefferson medal of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare.
The Alabama member of the supreme court was given the medal as “the Southerner who has done most to promote human welfare."
His 20-mtnute address was his first public utterance in his home state since his appointment to the bench last year.
The justice opened by quoting Jefferson's formula of good govern-
Arrange Parley In Yards Strike
CHICAGO, Nov. 23.—GT—Government conciliators announced tonight that representatives of the CIO and the union stock yards company had agreed to confer Saturday morning in an effort to end a strike of livestock handlers that has suspended trade at Chicago’s stock yards.
Robert Mythen said he and W. H. Rodgers, conciliators for the department of labor, arranged the meeting.
Both the CIO packing house workers organizing committee and the yards management exp ted the status quo of paralzed trade to be continued until Saturday. General Manager O T. Henkle of the stockyards said the Friday after Thanksgiving normally was a dull day in the stock yards, with no shipments expected at all this time.
The CIO union has demanded a basic wage, vacations with pay, overtime pay a*id a written con? tract.
ment—“equal justice to all and special privileges to none "—and quoted at length from the writings and sayings of Jefferson throughout his address.
Condemnation of the South's “Jim Crow” laws was voted by the conference at its concluding business session, which pieceded the Black address.
A resolution providing no future conventions of the group will be held in cities with segre -gation ordinances was adopted at the final business meeting.
The segregation resolution expires ed disapproval of the action of Birmingham city officials in rigidly enforcing separation ordinances-
Gov. Bibb Graves of Alabama said he was “surprised and shocked by the resolutions passed” here.
Extradition Waived On Bigamy Charges
ALHAMBRA, Calif . Nov. 23—(Vr —Police Chief A. F Cherry said today that George Duckett, El Paso Tex., salesman, formerly of Abilene, had agreed to waive extradl- j lion and return to face bigamy; charges at Alpine, Tex.
Cherry said Duckett's first wife, i who arrived yesterday from El Past, I had declarel she would stand by him and wanted to accompany him back to Alpine. Both Sheriff Elmer Taylor of Brewster county, Texas, and Chief of Police Campbell of Alpine have telegraphed that they will come here for Duckett, Cherry said.
weather was forecast la t night as far south as Austin. San Antonio, Houston and the south portion of East Texas. LITTLE DAMAGE HERE Little if any crop and livestock damage was reported in the Abilene area, and even the Panhandle escaped injury. In some sections, however, farmers feared damage to yoking wheat and oats.
In Abilene, as elsewhere, service stations did ? heavy trade In radiator anti-freeze liquids, but few damaged motors or radiators were
See WEATHER, Pg 5. Col. 5
Palatial Homes Of Movie Stars Are Destroyed
Guests Rush To Safety As Lake Resorts Burn
LOS ANGELES, Nov. 23 — (AP)—Forest fires, the worst in the history of Southern California, blazed out of control in widely-ieparated fronts tonight through three counties, leaving heavy damage and possible death in the Topanga canyon region north of Santa Monica and in the San Bernardino mountains.
Palatial homes of prominent motion picture ptrsonages were burned in the Topanga canyon fires, which fingered out before a 45-mile wind on four fronts, threatened heavily populated communities that tonight were cut off from communication with outlying cities.
More than a thousand fire fighters were in this region alone as the tinder-dry brush and timber carried the flames over hundreds of I homes.
I A blaze originating on Strawberry peak between the Lake Arrowhead and Big Bear resorts swept down the mountainside to burn the Arrowhead hotel, only recently purchased by movie magnate Joseph M. Schenck
The Rill brothers, motion picture stars, were among guests who rushed to safety when the flames swept in, taking nearby homes and a mountainside night club in their torrid grasp Among the expensive homes in the Santa Monica mountains which were known to have burned were those of Actor Richard Dix and Directors Sam Woods and Frank Lloyd.
Refugees from a fire that swept into the famous Malibu beach district were reported by a sheriffs captain to have rushed into the surf for safety. Santa Monica immediately dispatched life guards In speed boats to the scene C ABINS DESTROYED Officers estimated that between 125 and 175 cabins in lower Topanga canyon had been burned, and that a dozen homes and a store were destroyed at Castle rock Some four or five cabins were burned in Las Tunas canyon, near the mouth of Las Tunas Anyon. Tonight the fire was burning most heavily in Las Flores canyon, some two miles from the film colony at Malibu beach- It also was spreading in Temescal canyon, back of C’astellemare, a section of expensive residences-The wind, still blowing toward __ ,, .. the coast, had abated somewhat In
Hull isaid the United States had force, and fire fighters expressed at all times sought to break down hope further destruction might be
'GOODFELLOWS' SPREAD' CHEER-
Giving, Eating Mark Day
Holiday Will Be City-Wide
Loser Of Billfold Makes $11 Profit After Halting Suspect’ And Demanding Money
Cooperation Need, He Says; Prepares For Trip To Peru
tonight and said international Interdependence and need for cooperation were fundamental facts.
In an address prepared for a nation-wide broadcast, the secretary of state said:
“The rapidity and completeness with which events and reactions to events become known Is one of the outstanding characteristics of our age.
“Even if we should wish to do so. we are not allowed to forget the outside world or to ignore our neighbors, xxx
barriers, to open up new ways for better understanding and to increase and diversify the points of friendly contact between nations.
“Only on the basis of such prin-
UHT ciPle5-’’ he added, “can disaster be ports of death from the flames had Thenfrer* Give Dflv's r\rt. avoided and our civilization en- 1 Hearers xjive way »
A RI LENE AM) VICINITY t lair and cold Thuradajr; Friday (air and no! anlia an mid
ARK ANS SA, Oh I. \ III >M A TEXAS: Fair and ronHnwd raid 'Chura
da): Friday fair with alowly rising tem- dure.”
‘‘Tast’ TEXAS: Fair. cnldrr la (hr Kin Ult secretary spoke at the COn-
(irande valley Thuradar; Frida* fair and clusJon of a busy day jn which he not quite an mid. I-reah nnrlherly wtnda nu . ■
the maat, dlmlnlahlng Churada) night. sought to clear hts desk Of illiport-TE.WI’ER STI KEH
Charles L. Dice. Santa Monica police chief, estimated at least 200 homes had been destroyed above Santa Monica, but declared no re-
Stores, Public Offices Close;
Two thoughts will be foremost in the minds of Abilen ians celebrating Thanksgiving day—giving and eating, ACCIDENTS DUE
Many persona will be made happy today with the gifts of food they receive from “goodfellows." Many persons wil be made contented by meals at a creaking dining table.
Still others will be made sad by j a large number of accidents that are due to strike today on automo- I bile choked highways as families seek holiday entertainment.
Thanksgiving is a general holiday in Abilene with stores, offices, , banks, the postoffice, city hall, courthouse and other places of business closed.
Public school students and stu- J dents of the three local colleges celebrating the day of thanksgiving with a four day holiday, classes convening again Monday.
Giving of thanks, spiritually and materially, will be city-wide. Last
See THANKSGIVING, Pf. 5. Col. 3
PROVIDENCE. R. I., Nov. 23—(UP)—While standing in a queue at a theater, Frank Pelczarski was Jostled by two men. Then he discovered that his billfold was missing from his hip pocket.
The two men were driving off in an automobile. Pelczarski pursued them. One got out and started to cross a parking lot, and Pelczarski overtook him.
Pelczarski started shouting for his money and a crowd gathered. “Listen. I havent got your money," the man said, "but how much was in the billfold?"
The man counted out $25 and gave it to Pelczarski.
Actually, Pelczarski told police, the biliford had contained only
$14, so he made $11,
and affairs pior to his depatrure Friday for Lima, Peru, to attend the eighth Pan-American conference.
Vote Count Delayed
AUSTIN, NOV. 23.—(/Pi—The official count of the Texas vote in the November 8 general election was de-m. v,.t«*rrt.*,. ss Mn<i U: ram* <1*- . la>'ed today because returns were >rar »#•», 4ft and 27; yrMtrrday, j missing from 39 Of the states 254
Midnight Hlghr.t and
2 S 4 A 8 7 a •
. SS . 37
. SS .
. 31 . Sd
been received. _ _ .
Three other fires were raging Take To Refugees through the San Bernardino moun-1 tains tonight and a brush fire of comparatively small importance was burning in Ventura county.
Bloodless Revolt School Cult Aim
OKLAHOMA CITY, Nov 23 —</P)—Two leaders of a student cult who said its activities were widespread defied authorities tonight to disband their "C ? C” club which they reported was designed to promote a “bloodless rev?*ution" for more liberal government.
Milton Waller, 19, commissar of the group, a high school junior, and ManJord Ishmarl, 18, a high school sophomore, assistant commissar. said the group had units st Los Angeles (Lincoln high and I niversity of Southern California), St. Louis (University City), Chicago. New York and Yonngstown, Ohio.
The activities of the group were disclosed today when school authorities investigated students who had been absent repeatedly from classes at Classen and Central high schools. Mothers had called upon the authorities for aid In controlling their sons.
Ira Baker. Classen princpal. suspended Ishmae! from school today.
He promised furthei action against ..................-..........—...................... —
the entire membership of 24 boys and nine girls.
Noon ... 33 tfniptrtlurn to o
Mrs. Duggan Dies
DALLAS, Nov. 23. — (JP- — Mrs Medie Duggan. 87, mother of the
Waller and Ishmael said the basic concepts of the “C?C", which means curiosity club, were evolved from reading the works of Edward Bellamy, Plato and Aristotle,
They explained these concepts; Government: “We want a new social and economic order which
»;38; Muir l-r today,. 7:18; ft. SH.
DALLAS. NOV 23- /P)—Karl Hob-litzelle and R. J. O'Donnell of the
Interstate and Texas Consolidated
theaters today announced one day's
entire gross reclpts of 137 theaters would be set aside for refugees of
Al£ir„n.,.1 .no.ar »W Provide equality tor all.
spcskcrs will ftppf ion * MEv(?rv mcm t)c r cm
late state Senator Arthur P. Duggan I at the special programs. have his ‘own religion However
o, Littlefield, d.ed today at the cm,, lrjwhlchn -eiP>* £ X,' ot u,Te SSS& J?SS
home of her daughter, Mrs. Julia C set aside Dec. 7 include, Austin, El
Hart of Dallas. Paso, Abilene, Amarillo. Corsicana.
The body was sent to San An-1 Harlingen, Tyler, Temple, Wichita
1 tonio for burial services tomorrow Falls and Waco.
Whip Jones Gets Two Year Term
Labor Law Parley
WASHINGTON, Nov. 23—UP)— Secretary Perkins announced tonight she would call a conference of business men-employers soon to discuss improvement of state labor laws.
As lekes Brand Chairman Dies A Zany'—
NAZI AGENTS ENROLLING INDIANS IN BUND. HOUSE PROBE TOLD
WASHINGTON, NOV 23—UP) —A charge that nazis have sent agents to Indian reservations in the United States to enlist the “original Americans" in the German-American bund was made today by John Collier, Indian commissioner.
“In California,” he said, "the nazi bund is enrolling Indians, and that is being exploited from Germany. It is a nazi activity."
The statement was an outgrowth of a row between the interior department, under which Collier functions, and Chairman Dies (D-Tex) of the house committee on un-American activities.
Dies had produced an Indian woman. Alice Lee Jemison, to testify that government officials fostered communistic practices on Indian reservations and that Secretary of the Interior Ickes,
Collier s superior, was a member of the American civil liberties union. The committee previously had received testimony the union was a communist “front" organization.
Ickes, declaring such charges were old ones which had long ago been refuted, described Dies as the world s champion “zany.” (clown).
In a formal statement later. he said he had received word
the testimony before the Du-committee about the Indian bureau was being cited in an anti -American propaganda campaign carried on by a foreign dictatorship (Germany).
”1 have said before that Mr. Dies’ sideshow has gone far beyond the bounds of propriety and decency." Ickes said, but when it comes to feeding falsifications to inimical foreign forces, I believe that the American people should take heed."
BALLINGER. Nov. 23—(SpL—A 199th district court Jury here today sentenced C. M. (Whip) Jones OX Concho county to two years imprisonment when it found him guilty of being an accessory in the murder of Bill Johnson on April $, 1934.
The verdict was returned after two hours deliberation. The sentence was the only one possible for that conviction. Offense of which Jones was found guilty was aiding L. G. Duran, convicted of the murder. in escaping. Duran is serving a four year sentence.
Attorneys for the defense entered a motion for a new trial, and said must be spent before the end of the an amended motion would be an
Sex and marriage: “We talk sex freely in our mixed group We believe in more sex education and equality of sexes
Law and order: “We do not violate the laws of our present system. As long as they are the law. we believe In obeying them. But we believe and hope for a purely blood-! less revolution to establish a new ! political and economic system In which all men would be issued cash I certificates rn Uke amounts which
The case was transferred to Runnels county from Concho county.
FDR To Broadcast
NEW YORK. Nov 23~,-P-Pres!- . " 115 nis»c
dent Roosevelt is expected to speak tv Oman, I I J; L'les
five minutes in the broadcast plan- [ 1U_ _
ned from the annual Founder s day ' CORPUS CHRISTI Nev 2J.-UFJ Thanksgiving dinner of the Warm' -Clara Ramirez, believed to have Springs foundation rn Georgia to-j been 113 years old. died at her home morrow night. here this morning*