Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 18, 1938, Abilene, Texas
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VOL. LVI11, NO. 171.
AMID SIGNS OF DOMESTIC CONTROVERSY—
■WITHOUT. OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKL) CK YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT CUES; -Bv,on ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 18, 1938.—SIXTEEN PAGES._
AMifiaM fi«i (API
PRICE FIVE CENTS
AS DR. BERRY GOES TO TRIAL
U. S., Britain, Canada Sign Trade Pacts
Treaties Extend Hull s Program To Free Trade
Canada's Prime Minister, British Ambassador Sign
WASHINGTON, Nov. 17 — (AP) — Two important new trade treaties, reducing American, British and Canadian tariffs on a wide variety of commcdities, made their ap pearance tonight amid official predictions of a broadly in creased foreign commerce—and some signs of domestic controversy.
■EMLY TO TOTALITARIANS
The pact*, designed to tarry forward Secretary of State Hull s program of eliminating the barriers to world trade, among which he
BRITISH, TO AID
CANADIAN PACTS U. S. AGRICULTURE
tries tended to lessen the importance
trade agreements should benefit American agriculture but not to the extent of greatly relieving existing surpluses.
Major advantages gained from the British, they said, would flow to producers of com, hogs, rice, apples and citrus fruits.
On the other hand, southern producers of cotton and tobacco, groups confronted with the most serious problem of excessive surpluses,
New Deal Seeks Confidence Vote On Crop Control
Market Quota Referenda Set December IO
WASHINGTON. Nov. ll—ZF—
to 6 cents a bushel was removed. I The experts predicted a 50 per enlarged markets in ureal Britain administration farm officials.
other government experts said that cent expansion in British purchases for American citrus fruits and more antrin* to offset new deal election the use of exDort dumping programs of lard, one of the major products outlets for southern vegetable crops ln the midwest farm belt, be-
WASHINGTON, Nov. 17 —(F)— I gained no advantages not already
s-nartment extorts said I possessed Cotton continues on the of this concession.
Agriculture depar mer. exjv . ; n,» tm th. RrttUh agreement. I (Wane* of dur
tonight the British and Canadian
free list in the British agreement. British import duties on tobacco, which give dominion producers a price advantage, were continued in effect.
Although stlte department officials emphasized that the British
duty on American wheat, equivalent subsidies.
Because of dumping, wheat is selling in world markets for as much as 20 cents a bushel below American prices. At present American wheat sold abroad is marketed at prices below domestic levels, and the government makes up losses by export
enlarged British import quotas of American hams, cured pork and other pork products.
Generally speaking, the agreement with Canada granted that country concessions on such important farm commodities as cattle and dairy products in return for Canadian concessions on American manufactured products.
The government experts predicted enlarged markets in Oreat Britain
bv* Ca na ti a * Arg enUna* "andF so veral I of the midwestern corn belt. The in Canada as a result of the agree- gfm a rigorous campaign todav to other major wheat producing coun- | agreement I i k e w I s,e substantially I ments W'n,w*r'r' frnm
See page 9 for comment on trade treaties.
considers tariffs the foremost, were signed at a White House ceremony by Hull, Ambassador Lindsay of Great Britain and Prime Minister Mackenzie King of Canada.
The benefits of the new pacts go automatically to all nations with which the United States has socalled “most favored nation'* treaties—which means every country except Germany. The reich is on the United States* economic “blacklist" because she is accused of discriminating against American products.
Many officials clearly considered the new agreements a reply to the challenge presentd by totalitarian nations’ trade practices, such as i the reich s barter deals.
Great Britain reduced her tariffs on long lists of American products, including agricultural commodities. in return for. principally, a cut in American duties on the output of England's huge yarn and cloth industry CANADA CUT* DCTH: i Canada cut its duties on fruits, vegetables, fishery products, paper products, s4me wood products, automobiles, machinery, aircraft and aircraft engines, numerous textiles, and chemicals. In addition it eliminated a special three per cent tariff so far as all items affected by the treaty were concerned,
For these concessions, the Untt-d States reduced Its import on Canadian cattle, hogs, cheese, eggs, grains other than wheat, potatoes, fishery products, some paper products, silver fox furs and Christmas trees.
Since the reciprocal tariff program has been the subject of a vigorous controversy since its inception. the treaties are considered likely to arouse a renewed dispute when the new congress meets rn January, protests are expected from the textile industry and from the dairy industry, which in several, areas has maintained that even the previous rates were too low.
The program was authorized by congress over vehement republican opposition. President Roosevelt was given the power to reduce the tariff rates of the Smoot-Hawley act by a maximum of fifty per cent in return for compensatory tariff reduction by other countries. REPUBLIC ANS OPPOSE Republican opposition continued as the program was gradually put into operation.
Of the cuts, however, the state department said than care had
See TREATIES, Tg. IO, Col. fi
FOR REFUSAL TO BARGAIN—
CIO Threatens Boycott Of Ford
1 Delegates Okeh FDR's Program
Honest Motorist Suspends Own License After Drunk Driving Case Conviction
Heavy oratory delegates to the CIO national fait* "r,> ,m at Pittsburgh alert and interested but it was too much for this old-timer from the coal pita near there. Hat and coat in his lap, he fed sound asleep He is Richard Clifford, a friend of John L. Lewis. <Associated Press Photo).
Brady Mobster Goes To Death
Federal Judge Denies P!eas To Save Dai hover
MICHIGAN CITY. Ind., Nov. 18.—«Friday)— —James Dal-hover, tiny red-haired trigger man of the Al Brady Gang, died in the electric chair at Michigan C ity state prison here early today for the slaying of a state policeman.
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PORT WAYNE. Ind., Nov. 17-r/Pi—District Attorney James R. Fleming said here Federal Judge Thomas W Slick had denied tonight, in the northern Indiana district court at Hammond, the last-minuate pleas for the life of James H. Daihover, only survivor of the Brady gang.
Fleming said the petition reached the federal court clerk at South Bend by airmail tonight from Dal-hover’s attorney, Mansiel Hagerty, in Washington and U. S Marshal Al Hostinski left to drive to Hammond with it for a ruling by Judge Slick there,
Dalhover s death sentence was imposed for the slaying of Paul V. Minneman, Indiana state policeman, May 25, 1937, after the $2,500 robbery of the Goodland, Ind., state bank.
Because the bank had federal insurance, the federal government took jurisdiction. Early the morning of October 12, 1937, federal agents surprised Al Brady, Clarence Lee Shaffer, Jr., and Daihover in a Bangor sporting goods store The gangsters were after ammunition When the shooting was over. Brady and Shaffer were dead and Daihover, slightly wounded, in handcuffs.
Accuse Company Of 'Destroying'
PITTSBURGH, Nov. 17 — (AP)—The Congress of Indui-trial organizations hurled today a threat of boycott to its claimed membership of 3,790,000 against the Ford motor company unless that concern agreer to “bargain collectively” with the U it ted Automobile Workers union.
SECURITY PLAN MAPPED
The sudden action climaxed an exciting day in which delegates mapped a broad social security program, cheered approval of a resolution requesting an exhibition of their unity, and endorsed the ‘'humanitarian and social program * of President Roosevelt.
Fiery speeches by Van A Bittner, regional director of the C. I. O. and district president of the United Mine Workers, Richard Frankenstein, vlce-preaident of the auto workers, and others preceded action on the Ford resolution.
• If we are going to boycott Ford, let us boycott Ford. He will either manufacture cars with an agreement with auto workers or he v*i I nut sell any cars In Ante:’ca."
"We will notify eve / Ford deairs we are not going to buy anv Ford cars until Ford signs a con-itact with the U. A. W.“
The resolution charged the Ford management with exercising every means of destroying ail semblance of bona fide labor organization within its plants, was an "unfair •:ompetltor'' with other manufac turers who have signed union agreements
BENNETT HITS UAWA
In Detroit Harry Bennett, p’r-sonnel director for Ford, asserted the U. A. W A., was "not representative in Ford plants ' and that "we ll iron out difficulties’’ with the union "wherever they are representative x x x.**
On the question of unity, the newly created congress charged newspapers with misrepresenting the "purpose of ordinary debate, twisted meanings and distorted head lines" in striving “to portray and actually to create splits among forces of the C. I. O."
Morris Watson, a former newspaper reporter and vice-president of the American Newspaper guild, read the resolution.
AUSTIN, Nov. 17—(AV-The record of an honest man—one who suspended his own drivers' license for six months—was on file today at state police headquarters.
The man. a resident of Terry county, had been convicted on a drunken driving charge and paid a fine of IHS.
He then took it upon himself to mail his license to the department of public safety with the recommendation he should not be
Brmitted to drive a car for six months In compliance with a state
Police officials thanked him and promised to return the license next May. _
Two Others Linked—
PENNSYLVANIA CHARGES NINE IN RICH ESTATE FRAUD PLOT
win a “vote of confidence southern farmers cm the present crop control law The officials were Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace and assistant Secretary Harry L. Brown, The cabinet officer addressed a meeting of farmers and AAA committeemen at Macon. Ga , while his assistant spoke before a session of I the Tennessee farm bureau federation at Nashville.
They sought approval of propos- j als to invoke strict marketing quota provisions of the . rm law on next j year's cotton, tobacco and rice crops. Under quota systems, the amount a farmer could market j without paying penalties would be limited.
The proposals will be submitted to 2.500.000 producers of these crops in referenda December IO.
- WO-THIRDS REQUIRED Each, to become effective, must , be approved by two-thirds of the growers participating in the referendum regarding it.
Wallace and his aides hope uiuthem farmers will help them beat off attacks on present farm legislation, which are expected to come from corn and wheat belt J representatives at the coming session of congress.
Officials conceded that defeat of j the marketing quota proposals in j the South next month could be interpreted widely as disapproval of the present law. Such a result, they 1
Dr. Kent W. Berry, accused of abducting and mistreating Irving Baker over alleged attentions to Mrs. Berry, Is shown
above with Mrs Berry u hi* trial opened at Olympia, Washington. (Associated Press Photo).
JP FINES STANDARD
—After Bargain Hunt
Abilene justices of the peace are not offering competitive prices
But a young fellow who came to Justice of the Peace J D Perry Jr.'* court ^uraday Thought It mtfhtJ» »>. Altar Perry the fine on a speeding charge would be $ 14, be As^
and went down the hall to the court of Jusit lee of^thePqg* TheoA«*
He suggested to Ash that he would like ta get off che^r. but .hr ./cond lu.tirr lob, him th,! hr rould not IncMn*; than Sit—then added that the fine w—** P*ia ,n Perry’s court anvway, since the charge was hied th r . _,_P#
S .speeder went back and paid Perry, who was not aware of
the bargain-hunting. _ __——m
PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 17.—(instate troopers held warrants tonight for the arrest of nine members of a Pennsylvania German family on charges of plotting to cheat Hie commonwealth in a claim to the $20,000,000 estate of an eccentric widow.
Two members of the family and a 66-year-old paper hanger whose claim the others support, were arrested yesterday. They were held in $35,000 bail. A third was arrested today
elusion. Mr* Oarret Inherited the millions from her husband. Walter, a snuff manufacturer. A will disposed of only $62,000 The paper hanger, Isaac Newton Shaeffer, of Newark, Del., claims the entire estate on the grounds that he is a son of Mrs. Garrett born before her marriage. Also taken into custody by state police yesterday were Miss Grace L Sheaffer, 54, of Penfield, Pa., who says Isaac is her foster brother, and Mrs. Mary E- Suter, 62. of Lancaster
In addition, warrants were issues Pa. They have testified in support for a New York physician knd •» j of his claim.
• Delaware businessman, whom th** state charges were linked to a “conspiracy to defraud.*'
All 15 were named as participants in an attempt to get the fortune left by Mrs. Henrietta E- Garret' who died in 1930 after years of s*-
Testimony that spurious family data linking the family to the snuff king was entered In an old German bible precipitated the arrests—the first in a seven-year court battle among 23,000 claimants to the estate.
Jews Fear New Reich Penalties
U. S. Commercial Attache In Berlin Recalled After Wilson's Departure
B5RLIN. NO*. n-JV-J— ll—d S^S
as a martyr the young diplomat whose assassination
added, would strengthen the hand of congressmen advocating sub- Du
stitute farm polices. The government, wiuu««i *** •— «,rw,nrt#d bv a J
Wallace told his fanner audience pecled after apices for Ira* ^ w week.
the latest outburst of restrictive decrees Jews bed
The government »tthh«d Wtter^rMtncuve ; . jewish
th... in vie. of a record aurp.ua rf.gg
Amerlasn ~tton.^ ...But two teOiMri cT.MeT« .of Jewry. and. .^ep.lV'end
Hon and marketing control mea .. .....
aures would be “about as sensible as j ~nQ measure of terror can pouring kerosene on a burning ; Adolf Hitler attended the services,
but did not speak.
Though there were no new decrees, there were new prohibitions, such as a hotelmen*! ban cm Jewish
warned that “we understand^ mw bacy ^ slaveryReichafuehrer
He declared cotton prices might now be as low as four cents a pound, instead of 8 5 cents, lf the present program had not been In operation.
First Huntsmen Home With Kill
First detachment of the Abilene hunting army which went atield with opening of deer season Wednesday morning returned last night.
J. M Foster and C G. S.rith. botn of Nugent route, cam* home with a buck apiece. Hu nth J rn .ie same party, Foster and Smith Danged IO point and 4 point blacktail, respectively, in the Davis mountains.
C. H. Yates of Colorado City brought an 8 point white tail buck to Abilene to put on cold storage.
Treatments Reported To Doctors—
SUB-NORMAL CHILDREN CURED BY HORMONES
OKLAHOMA CITY. Nov. 17 —(/Pi— Hormone treatments which restore the minds and bodies of many sub-normal children were reported today to the Southern Medical association.
These children are oftentimes idiots or have very low intelligence and have malformed bodies due to the failure of the hormones necessary for normal growth, Dr. Henry H. Turner of Oklahoma City declared.
Most such cases have been previously regarded, as hopeless because of failure to understand the causes bf their abnormality, he added, but the hormone treatments, which consist ot merely injecting the proper substance into the bodv in a long series of small loses. ive nopr.s ol brightening the lives of hundreds >f children and their families.
As one example of the power of the treatment he described a four-year-old girl who resembld a child one year of age and was unable to walk or talk. Alter thyroid hormone was administered to her she gained nine inches in stature, five pounds in weight, and was practically normal mentallv within a year.
Another seven-year old girl was only 35 inches tall, weighed only 35 pounds and was a "congenital cretin idiot,” Dr. Turner declared. Within a year she had became a "B" student in her school work and by the time she was 16 was physically and mentallv normal as the result of the thvroid hormone injections.
Lack of vitamin D and calcium were declared bv Dr. Harold 7 Nesbit of Dallas Tex . to be responsible to a Ie*-"* rte"*-''" *-- ‘u*. ♦**n)n*rrvi, spasms, crying, and irritableness of “problem’’ children.
French Labor Plans Protest
Dandier Asserts Three-Year Plan Is 'Right Road'
PARIS, Nov. 17 —(/Pi—Faced bv the threat of a nationwide strike of protest, Premier Daladier declared
tonight that the violence of campaigns against his three-year economic plan “proves we have chosen the right road.”
"If anyone believed we were at an impasse would we be the object of so many violent assaults?" the premier asked in an address before the French newspaper federation The General Confederation of Labor, an organization of 5,000.000 workers, earlier had voted through its congress to fight Daladier's de- j cree laws, planning a day of na - I tional demonstration for Nov. 26 J and threatening a nationwide strike.
Deputies said the premier was I planning to dissolve the chamber of deputies and rule France for a time without parliament if it refuses to ratify the economic program against which the confederation had set itself. The constitution empowers the premier to wait six months before calling a newly-elected chamber after dissolving parliament.
Identify Slain Man As Lubbock Resident
MALVERN, Ark, Nov. 17.—(/Pi— The body of a man slain oi a lonely road near here last Friday night was identified by his four brothers today as W. J Van Hooser, 55, Lubbock* Texas, traveling salesman for a Los Angeles firm.
Hot Spring county officers announced they were seeking a parole Oklahoma convict for questioning in connection with Van Hooser*s death.
Van Hooser’s body was found in the midst of a litter of broken beer bottles on the roadside Saturday i morning.
Peace Award Given Bureau
Geneva Refugee Office Fourth To Get Nobel Prize
OSLO, Nov 17—«/Pi—The 1938 Nobel peace prize of about $30,000 was awarded today to the Nansen International bureau for Refugees at Geneva, an organization which collects information on the material and moral welfare of refugees and gives general directions to relief institutions.
It was the fourth time the peace award provided for in the will of Alfred B. Nobel, the Swedish chemist-engineer who invented dynamite, had been given to an institution. A committee of five chosen by the * Norwegian parliament makes the awards.
The Nansen office, named for the! late Dr. Fridtjof Nansen who won the prize in 1922, carries on his work in the interest of refugees.
In 1921 he was invited by the League of Nations council to find a solution to the problem created by more than a million Russian refugees scattered over Europe and China He became the league's high commissioner for refugees.
File Murder Charge In Breck Shooting
BRECKENRIDGE. Nov 17 — A
charge of murder was filed here today against Alex Fambro of Wav land community in connection with the fatal shooting yesterday of Dave Wagley, 30 Fambro was released on $10,000 bond.
Wawley was shot in a wheat field near Wayland.
Circulate Petitions For Vote On Giving Colorado New Name
COLORADO. Nov. 17. — (Spl) — Signatures are now going on petitions asking the city council of Colorado to call an election on the matter of changing Colorado’s name to Colorado City.
Movement for the election is being sponsored by the Coloradi chamber of commerce. Joe Earnest is chairman of the special committee in charge.
Four copies of the petition have been placed in downtown stores to receive signatures, Earnest .says.
Amarillo To Hold Services For Jews
AMARILLO, NOV, 17. — (/Pl — A
union service of prayer for the oppressed Jet s will be held t- morrow in Temple B’Nai Israel, and again Sunday in Amarillo churches at the direction of the Amarillo ministerial alliance.
Services both days will be nonsectarian in character, and will follow the request of the Federal Council of Churches of America, the Catholic church, the Conference of American Rabbis, and the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.
Jew Refugees Tell Seizures
SAN DIEGO. Calif Not 17— 41 —Jewish refugees, arriving here today by boat from Germany, told how their property. Jobs and savings had been confiscated in Chancellor Adolph Hitler’s antt-semitia drive.
Special police guarded the gangway when the vessel, the German motorship Oakland, docked.
Chief among the small group of
refugees in the Oakland's 40 paa-sengers was Walter Frost, a German world war veteran and for IS years head of a textile commission house at Breslau.
Frost said he served in the German army as a sharpshooter from 1914 to 1918 Five months ago he was fairly well to do. He landed here penniless.
"The first thing the Orman government did was to take away my job.’’ Frost said. "They confiscated my business. Then they took away my mother s and my own
____________ bank savings, our property and
Germany rn shooting vom Rath. We even our household goods, totaling
guests, and new hints Jews might be evicted from homes cwemight. Jews hoped for fruition of an Anglo-American plan to help them emigrate, but nazi newspapers unloosed new attacks on the United States and Great Britain
Douglas Miller, United State* commercial attache here, was railed to Washington today, after departure of Ambassador Hugh IL Wilson for Washing-ton.
Before 1.500 mourners, rn Dues-seldorf’s swastika-draped Rhineland hall, aute Secretary Ernst Wilhelm Bohle declared:
“The shots fired at Doves, Barcelona and Paris (where assassinations of nazis have occurred), had but one aim—Germany, the third reich.
“Germans living abroad are everywhere attending to their callings and work as loyal guest* of the states in which they live.
"Yet they are targets for hatred. xxx which concentrates all its strength upon the destruction of the resurrected reich. »
The Jew (GrynszpanL by his own admission, wanted to strike at
were hard hit. But such persons always forget the nazi movement grows stronger through its martyrs.
APA Picks Scottie
HOUSTON. Nov. 17.—Ft—The executive council of the American Banker- association tonight announced Seattle. W'ash., would gentile 1939 convention of the ABA.
The definite date of the convention had not been set.
Find Missing Boy
CHANDLER, Ind Nov. l7.-(UP* A passe today found six-year-old Ivan Brooks Jr, frightened but un harmed, after 50 men had searer* ed 300 acres of waste mine field^ during the night. He was six mil's from his home, cold and hungry.
“WEST TEXAS’ OWN NEWSPAPER’’
Regular Price $7.00 Per Year
about $80,000, When we sailed from Hamburg I was permitted to leave with just 80 marks, or $24 in American currency.*
Bids Opened For Anson Postoffice
ANSON Nov 17 - SpP— Tile
treasury department Thursday received at Washington D. C., a low bid of $44,491 for construction of a new postoffice In Anson, by the Stephens-Brown company of Kansas City, Mo.
Site has already been bought for the new building to be located immediately east of the present postoffice. The government had designated Anson to receive a new postoffice last January.
The Anson chamber of commerce I began a movement for construction of a new postoffice immediately ifter its organization a year and a naif ago.
bargain R %TE NOW IN EFFECT
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Storm Warnings On Gulf Ordered
NEW ORLEANS, NOV. 17.— T — rhe New Orleans weather bureau ordered northwest storm warnings hoisted on the Texas coast tonight, forecasting strong shifting winds by tomorrow morning.
“A disturbance of considerable intensity- central over southern Okla-j boma.’* the advisory said, “will move • northeastward and in connection : with rapidly rising pressure over the louthern plains will cause strong shifting winds on the Texas coast I becoming northerly Friday morning.’’