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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 15, 1944, Abilene, Texas MtfflMING “WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES.”-Bvron ■%OL. LXIV, NO. 149 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING,’ NOVEMBER 15, 1944 —TWELVE PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press i'UJ».; PRICE FIVE CENTS. 14 Jap Ships Sunk, Damaged at; Manila 28 PUNES SHOT DOWN, FLOAIING DOCK BIASIED Metz Clamp 'Crows Tight SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCES, Paris, Nov. 14.—(AP)—British -troops struck eastward from Nederweert in a new assault preceded by a 400-gun'bombardment today as the American Third Army closed within two miles of the fortress city of Metz at the end •f the first week of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton’s winter offensive. A frontline dispatch from Associated Press Correspondent Ned Nordness said the British had seized Eind in the first hours of their attack, which jumped off at 4 p.m., and iad made crossings of the Noord and Wesen canals east of *-—-— Weert. , Nordness said the Germans Eden Asserts ‘Anglo-French liONDON, Nov. 14.—(;P)—A new high in Anglo-French friendship .»as proclaimed today by Foreign Minister Anthony Eden, strengthening belief In London that Britain Is bent upon formation of a-westem European bloc to guard against postwar German aggression. A Eden strode to the well of the «ouse of Commons to tell In glowing terms of the re-em^^rgence of Prance as a great power, to pledge Britain’s support in that effort, and to say thit never before has the friendship of the two peoples rested •n a “surer foimdatlon.” Reporting on the British good will mission to Paris, he spoke In the absence of Prime Minister Churchill, who returned by air from the French capital several hours later ^ol^g ^ed .but . happy at the..re>< "^Its of his mission. OhurchlUomet General Eisenho^r* before ’ leavirfg France this morning: Eden’s stress on the Anglo-French friendship came amidst reports here that Churchill—In advance of the d||niminent meeting of the Big Three '^Is attempting to line up an alliance among Britain, Prance, Belgium and Holland to stand sentinel over Germany after the post-vic-tory occupation period. This development is understood to %e designed to match a similar eastern alliance which would be formed around Soviet Russia with both combines so constituted that they would be able to function within the framework of any future world security league. “ Amid cheers from his colleagues. Eden offered this tribute to General de Gaulle—“the man who today is unquestionably the inspirer and the man who personifies the unity of the French people.” Ke Apoke also of the vigor and confidence of the French troops. No V-2 Rockets Against America tiONDON, Nov. 14 —(>!?)— Months unsuccessful experiments with 20-ton rockets have delayed the Germans’ V-2 timetable and convinced them It would be impossible to use rockets against America in this war, a usually well-informed source suggested today. ^ The monstrous rocket originally was designed as V-2, this Informant said, and had a 12-ton warhead. Large supplies of critfcally needed war material were given top priority for its production he add-r^d. continuing: • Hundreds of the rockets were launched toward experimental 2ones but failed to reach the ground. German scientists theorized that friction created by their great weight and speed caused them to disintegrate in the stratosphere. VThe Germans finally decided to reduce the size of the rocket. The present V-2 weapon with a one-ton warhead was the outgrowth. Experiments with such missiles of the size needed to be fired virtually ¡$i’.ave been abandoned because of the disappointing results of the original V-2, he said. abandoned Meijel, indicating they were withdrawing their strength from the region west of the Maas (Meuse) river. Associated Press Correspondent LewN Hawkins said the fall of Metz, which never has been taken by storm in modern times, appeared to be a matter of days, if not .hours, barring a suicide stand by the Germans in the inner ring of fortifications or fighting in the streets. Patton’s troops, forging a horseshoe around the city, captured five fortified towns on the outskirts of Metz and narrowed the escape gap to the east to about eight miles. The Fifth division which took Fort L'Aisnc ycscerday captured Fort L’Yser today and drove to within two miles of Metz on the south and southeast, while the 9th launched a new attack from the west and pounded to a point three miles from the city. Both forts which were captured were found to be without big guns and were given up without serious struggle, but Hawkins said the Germans were fighting to hold higher groimd closer to the city. The surprising ease with which the Yanks were closing in on Metz posed a puzzle more baffling because the Germans who fought desperately to hold Fort Driant on the southwest have not been obserVeH in any wholesale withdrawal from the city, which-is dqw sunroimded on three sides. But it is possible that the ene-/ my could have pulled out a conr siderable portion of the fortress garrisons under the cover of night and thick weather which has made observation from the air virtually impossible in recent days. Besides capturing Fort LTTser today, the Fifth division overran the towns of Pouiiiy, curvy, Orny, Pon-toy and Coin le Curvy and completed the job of cleaning out Bois de Hôpital. All ure close together south and southeast of the city. Wèst of Metz the 85th division swept past Chatel St. Germain in a two mile push whicii carried to Rozerieules, three miles from the city. Only the guns of Forts Driant and Marival fired on these attack- At the northern extremity of the Third army front the 90th division expanded ics Koenigs-macher bridg’chead over the Moselle to Inglangc, 3 l-2l miles southeast of Koenigsmacher and linked up with a smaller new bridgehead to the* north. The original bridgehead still had not See GERMANY, Pg. 12, Coi. 1 New Rubber by GE NEW YORK, Nov. 14— A new synthetic rubber, made mainly from sand, and which forms a bouncing putty, was announced here today by the General Electric company. The rubber is a silicone, which means that It comes from silica and that it Is made from the same base which producer r>*^ss. France Less Ruihed Than Expected WASHINGTON. Nov. 14.—</P)—The French are seeking apïàoxi-mately two billion dollars worth of Uxüted States exporte during the next 12 months for use in rebuilding their country', It was learned tonight. Arrangements for the huge procurement program already are nearing completion. Some of the goods may be shipped on lend-lease because they are considered necessary to Prance’s war effort against Germany or Japan but the great bulk go partly for cash and, officials hope, partly on credit. The French program, probably the farthest advanced of the economic plans to come out of liberated Europe, calls for purchasing 700 locomotives as well as comparable quantities of railway rolling stock and track equipment; trucks for highway transport; huge ship« ments of cotjton, fertilizers, and other raw materials. It has recently been revised as a result of the discovery upon the liberation of France that the ravages of war had not been as great as officials first believed. The amounts of factory equipment desired have been sharply reduced and the amounts of raw materials required to keep existing French factories running have been greatly increased. Similarly there was a reduction in food required and an increase In fertilizer and other food producing materials. The biggest problem is how to finance the French program. The answer will depend on what kind of overall export finance program is worked out by President Roosevelt and Congress in the next few.month«. A hint of what may be coming was given in San Francisco today by Charles P. TaH, a state department economic official, who called for repeal of the Johnson Act, which prohibits U. S. lending to nations that defaulted on World War I debts, and for expansion of the cxport-import bank’s lending authority. The experience of American and French officials in negotiating the PYench program touches at many points on problems that arc expected to become more and more common in foreign economic relations as the war draws to a close. CHURCHILL, DeGAULLE INSPECT FRENCH TRO&S —Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain (left) and Gen. Charles DeGaulle, Frcnch leader, inspect a guard of honor of French troops at an airfield near Paris 'during the Prime Minister’s visit to France. This is a BritUh official photo. (AP Wirephoto via Signal Corps Radio). y|i'“ ■■■'- t.-«.-!-»/'——-    - Si®    i Nearer Ravenna ROME. Nov. 14    The Brit ish Eighth Army has won the coastal highway bridge over the Ghlata canal before Ravenna and in important gains of up to two miles* in the Forll area has captured the village of San Tome, Allied headquarters announced today. Eighth Army units which crossed the Ghlata canal yesterday cut back across Highway 16 — the coastal highway — and capturcd the German rear-guard holding the bridge. The Germans . were sur-roimded while engaged in meeting the Allied frontal attack from south of the canal, and the expertly executed maneuver gave the Allies an Important new foothold on the approaches to Ravenna. In capturing San Tome northwest of Forll the Allied troops took 100 prisoners. Mopping up of German parties west of the Ronco river north of Forll continued, with additional prisoners taken. The desert air force was cooperating closely with ground troops advancing slowly northwest of Forli a 1,500-yard front against German infantry and tanks. Southwest of Forli, the town of San Varano was found to be clear of the enemy but heavily mined, and British troops crossed the Mon-tone southwest of the village at two points. The Germans countor-at« tacked strongly at the lower crossing, but Allied positions were maintained. Soviets Set Stage For Budapest Fa LONDON, Nov. 14—(-¿P)— Soviet Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky set the stage tonight for the fall of Budapest, straightening his lines Flat Top Hereford l8ulls Average $419 DALLAS, Nov. 14 —(/P)— Charles Pettit, owner of the Flat Top ranch at Walnut Springs, said a sale of S8 young Hereford bulls there av- #aged $419. FT Mischief 2nd. calved in February. 1943, sold to Hutchins & Hutchins of Sligo, La., for $4,000, top price during the sale, which was held Saturday. The Louisiana purchasers also ,^«ok CP Mischief Tone, calved ^ircb, 1943. at $1,175. The Pecan Valley ranch, Medina, bought FT Jtinlor Mischief, calved March, 1943, for $1,175. The first 12 animals in the auction ring averaged $1,425 and the iprst 20 averaged $l,05e.> RESCUER AFTER THREE YEARS WITH GUERRILLAS— Second Lt. Joseph St. John (right) of Philadelphia, Fa^ Army-Air Fores bombardier who joined the Philippine guerrillas after the fall of Bataan, is shown with Ensign Erwin J, Beattie of Columbiaville, Mich., Navy, pilot who joined Lt. St. John after his plane was shot down in the current Philippine campaign. The two were found by an American patrol on Leyte and brought through the lines to a base. (AP Wirephoto). Tokyo Says Reds Won't Fight Jap By the Associated Press Tokyo radio said today “It can safely be assumed” that Soviet Russia will not break her neutrality with Japan in the immediate future “to play a belligerent part in the Pacific war.” In a broadcast beamed to the United States, a “special commentary written by Dr. Kosaka Tomula, doctor of law and authority on international relations.” manifested continued concern over Soviet Marshal Joseph Stalin's characterization of Japan last week as an “aggressor nation.” Tomula interpreted the reference as a 'iipht diplomatic gesture.” He asserted Britain and America were “suffering much from the extremely independent character of the Soviet European policy.” and were “forcing themselves to be genial with the Soviet union, simply because they have a strong enemy to fight with Soviet aid.” Therefore, the broadca.st said, if Stalin's speech could be called more friendl.v to Britain and America than those ne made in previous years, that could be interpreted as Stalin's “idea of alleviating the natural resentment of the Anglo-American government against the Soviet union for its diplomatic successes in Europe by Up service, and calling Japan an aggressor nation would be the easiest service of the kind.” Tomula said Stalin, too. could have used the term “aggressor” In a sense that would have no “profound political implication,” The broadcast declared Stalin's characterization of Japan as an “aggressor” could be “more appropriately taken as an elegy condoning the watery funeral of a substantial part of the United States Navy In the Pacific—a fitting diplomatic courtesy.” General Killed LONDON, Nov. 14—(;p)—The German transocean .news agency reported tonight that Lt. Gen. Georg Rasenbiisch» inspector of the land fortifications for Germany in the north, had been killed in action« by advances northeast and south of the Hungarian capital and moving his armor, artillery and Infantry Into a strangling semicircle around the city. Most of the day’s operations ol the Red Army on the sodden eastern front were aimed at getting Into position for a death strike at Budapest. The Russian communique announced capture of more than 30 towns in a line extending for 45 miles east and northeast of Hitler's last satellite capital and liquidation of the enemy bridgehead on the east bank of the Danube with capture of Solt and Duna Egyhaza. 45 and 42 miles south Receives $25,000 Single Donation SAN ANTONIO. Nov. 14 —{/P)— Announcement that the Rogers Lacy family of Longview is making a $25,000 contribution to. the George W. Truett memorial admln-Istratlon-library building fund of Southewestern Theological Baptist Seminary at Port Worth will be made Wednesday by Dr. G. Kearhle Keegan, director of the fund-raising campaign, at a luncheon meeting of Southwestern alumni here for the Baptist convention of Texas, This is the largest single gift that has been pledged to date, Dr. Keegan said. As the general convention opened Tuesday evening, approximately 5,000 delegates and their guests heard addresses by Dr. E. D. Head, president of the convention, Dr. j. Walsh Watts, New Orleans. La.; and Dr. C. E. Maddry, Richmond. Dr. Head, speaking upon, Wanted: Narrow-minded Baptists, pointed out that narrow mindcdness in the sense in which he used the term does not mean bigotry, "closed-mindedness.” It' means rather single-^ nen8.pt pifrpps^ It Is ^the stiiiidard under which' nia^ching today, he said. In ev^iy sijhfere of human activity, narrowne^ is the order — in scientific formulae there must be narrowness. in religion we need to be narrow. We are committed positively to the truth. We must follow the book of authority with deference. Tliere are certain things about which we ought always to be nar-row-minded.” Dr. Head declared. Among these he named .sin. with which there is no compromise; salvation, the one way* to be saved; the church and its ordinances; freedom; and consecration. 0r. Watts, wlio spoke on Keeping Our Seminaries Evangelistic, presented strong argument for keeping alive the spirit of evangelism in a world full of crisis which have to be faced. Di*. Maddry. who Is secretai*y of the Baptist foreign mission board, spoke upon. Tlie Desire of the Nations. Following his address, mis U. s. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Nov. 14.—(AP)—American Third Fleet carrier planes sank or damaged 14 Japanese ships and one floating dock, shot down 28 planes and strafed 130 more in renewed raids on the Manila area Sunday. The enemy counter-attacked the carrier task group dam« aging one American ship, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz announced in a communique today. (Both Tokyo radio and the Japanese - controlled Manila radio announced earlier that 800 American planes struck Manila bay shipping, hitting the Cavite navy yard and Clark airfield. Tokyo claimed one American battleship was sunk by suicide pilots of Luzon island). Nimitz summed up this damage Inflicted by Hellcat fighters. Avenger torpedo planes and Hell-diver bombers: One light cruiser badly damaged. Two destroyers exploded (possibly sunk, but the communique did not .so speclfyi. An estimated 11 cargo ships and oilers sunk or left ablaze. One floating dock torpedoed. Many docks in the Manila bay area and Cavite navy yard were struck. There was no indication whether any of these ships were previously damaged In the October naval action In the Philippines or by carrier strikes, or whether they were newly-arrived at Luzon an thus 'may ■ be added to the previous high toll of Japanese shipping. Ten Japanese planes were shot down while attacking the carrier group and 18 out of 20 which intercepted the American raiders were shot out of the air over Luzon. An estimated 130 to 140 single and twin-engined planes strafed Legaspi, Manila and Clark fields Luzon. Admiral Nimitz disclosed that Rear AdnSj®EpdeHolc!to )cominarided^^e'^arrloit'tailt-'groui)ff involved.-    . Marine Corsair' planes sank small enemy vessel In a bombing and strafing run on the northern palaus Saturday. Hellcats and Liberators bombed Koror, Malakal and Arakabesan Islets in the Palau group. Sixth War Loan PRO Is Appointed DALLAS, Nov. 14 — (;P) — Buck Hood, Texas newspaperman who is director of public relations for the .sixth war loan in this state, lias been nppolnted a member of the newspaper editorial advisory committee of the U. S. treasury., war finance division, Nathan Adanis, ................... chairman of the war finance com- sionaries present at the convention jmittee of Texas, has been Informed were introduced. Among them was Hood will serve -    ’ Dr. B. J. Caut hen. who only two ! representative on months ago returned to this coun- His appointment try from China and who will deliver the closing address of the convention. on The New China. Concluding meetings held in connection with the general convention .    were the Texas State Baptist broth- Holdlng fast to their positions erhood and the Woman's Missionary within easy medium artillery range of Budapest on the south. Kalinovsky’s men drove north and north- Unlon. In Its clo.sing session Tuesday afternoon, the brotherhood heard ad- mlngs. Abilene; Major C Randolph Field; and Dr. then. west from Monor and took Uri and, dresses’ by Lon A. Smith. Aastin; Peteri. registering gains of three Brotherhood Pre.Mdent E. S. Cum-to five miles. Farther cast they took the big railway town of Nagykata. 27 miles east of Budapest and 10 miles south of Jaszbereny, and extended their hold closely on both sides of the latter important center, with Heves. 17 miles northeast, the largest town taken. The German radio said the Russians had dug in less than two miles from Jaszbcreny and ac-, knowledged that they had made various penetrations along the line from Monor northeast. The Germans also intimated that a strong drive from Miskolc, a big railway Junction, appeared to be developing from the south. In eliminating the Germans* Danube river bridgehead south of Budapest. the Russians used three infantry division.*», according to German accounts, which admitted that the position had been evacuated in favor of newly-prepared holdings on the west bank. southwestern the committee. 5 made by Prank Tripp,'of New, York, chairman of the committee, through the U. S. treasury. Honorably discharged from the Marine corps last June, Hood now Ls on leave from hLs position as managing editor of the Austin Amerlcan-Statesman to direct public relations In the new $414,000.000 war bond drive in Texas. A native of Parker county. Hood worlc'-d on the Fort Worth Star-Telogram and tlie Laredo Times before he went with the Austin newspapers. Roosevelt Probes Entire Labor Setup WASHINGTON, Nov. I4 — (>P) — President Roosevelt disclosed today he is looking into the whole labor set-up in his administration while pondering the pleas of three War Labor members that they be relieved. The president told his news conference he could not tell when there would be any action on the requests by Chairman William H. Davis, vice-chairman George W. Taylor, and Dr. Frarjk p. Graham, that they be permitted to quit the board. They have served since It wajs started in January, 1942. New Trap Set To Annihilate Leyte Force GENERAL MacARTHUR*S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines, Wednesday, Nov. 15— (AP)—Successful enveloping movements by veteran Americans of the 24th infantry an<| dismounted first cavalry divi^' sions have fashioned a new trap which threatened today to annihilate the Japanese forces on the north end of Leyte island’s bloody Ormoa corridor. The 24th infantrymen drove a spearhead through the rugged mountain country southwest of Pinamapoan to threaten the Yama* shlta line below Llmon, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today. Tlie strategy was well executed« While units of the 24th fighting along the Ormoc road maintained pressure to contain the Japanese, other elements of the division swung tlirough the mountains to the southwest and cut back toward the Ormoc road. At the same tlme^ the first cavalry swung toward tlu5 road 'from the east o{idi»ut^es^‘' *■* I r ÎIlîU’pli^d-^è'^TOneae 'ln 'th€ position dr haVing to^retlre or face pos^ble annihilation. IVTacArthîir ditlmaieâ' tha Japanese force thus threatened as “a reinforced regiment.’* This would give no exact Indication of the size. On the southern end of the western Leyte battlefield, small scale Japanese attempts to bring reinforcements were repulsed by troops of the American seventh division which cauf^ht the enemy moving forward in small barges toward Damulaan, 14 miles south of Ormoc. This was the first mention la more than a week of the seventh division driving toward Onnoc, only remaining reinforcement port for tlie enemy, from the south. Meanwhile fighting was heav; along the bitterly-contested road which runs from Ormoc to Carl-gnra bay, sole land supply line foi the Japanese along the Ormoc corridor. Units of the American first cavalry arc closing in on the Ormoc road from hill 1525 and Mt. Cata-baran, the communique said, with the effective support of artillery. Heavy enemy casualties were reported In that sector. Numerous gun positions were destroyed. MacArthur reported ineffective enemy harassing raids on shipping and shore Installations and said 13 enemy aircraft were shot down by fighters and ackack. Gen. Tokoyuki Yamashita urged his veterans of the fh^t and 3€th Japanese divisions to desperate efforts today to wregl the Initiative from American liberation forces battling forward slowl>' but surely In the Ormoc corridor of Leyte island. The battle was a grim one. Mucb as at stake for Yamashlta was entrusted with the task of opposing General MacArthur in the firsi phase of the Philippine campaign Japan’s hero of the Malayan campaign and Singapore has committed elements of five divisions to the task of gaining the offensive. Their total numbers, however, are less than the four American divisions hemming them In within the narrow confines of the corridor. The Weather U. s. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATUER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITV— Soina lirh thin clouds Wednesday and Tharsr lay. Cooler. Frost expected Wednesday “ EAST TEXAS! F.lr In Interior, psrt-ly cloudy near the coast Wednesday] Thursday fair: cooler Wednesday. ' >■ ; WEST TEXAS: Fair Wednesday and Thursday: cooler Wednesday.    < ‘ TEMPERATURES s. - Mon.    Toes. - .Motu .M.    HOUR ( - 67 ........I........ fi7 - '7B ■ I - w ........s........ 60 FIRSH ARMY NURSES AT WORK ON LEYTE—Lt. Jean Harder (left) of Salmon, Tdaho, and: Lt; Nora Homelvig of Amidon, N. D., members of the first Army nurse unit to arrive-in the Philippines) bandage a casualty on Leyte island. They are at work in a hospital set up in a cathedral. (AP Wirephoto).    ‘ Hleh and low temperatures to li."p« 0.; 7S and SS. • High and* low same date last< 3 and lit.    < :2k? Sunset last niicht; 6:40..' Sunrise this morning.--- Sunset tonlftat: 6,89. ;