Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 11, 1938, Abilene, Texas
Will I Be Alive at ll O’Clock?’ Each Doughboy Asked Himself Then
# (EDITOR S NOTE: The following is an eye-witness story of how the armistice was received in the front line trenches in Prance 20 years ago today.)
By A. LEO TAFFE
BOSTON, Nov, 11 .—(AV Most of the world went delirious just 20 years ago today but not some of the men who made the armistice pos-
#ible. . .. .
Many of the men then in the front lines in France were too t.-ed to celebrate. The ending of hostilities gave some of them their first opportunity in months for a sleef) that would not be interrupted by gun-fire, raids, gas attacks. And a sleep without their shoes on.
Probably typical of the outfits in active combat that day was the machine gun company of the 110th infantry, 28th division, from Pennsylvania. , .
The Second American army, of which it was a part, was moving toward the key city of Metz, heavily fortified, when the war ended. The machine gunners were eight miles from that city. Preliminary ar
tillery bombardment, ground rocking, had been in p-ogress throughout the night of November IO.
Raiding parties, operating in a raw, chill rain that defied both raincoats and overcoats, maue frequent forays into enemy territory. Some brought back prisoners. Others just dodged the searching fire of German machine guns throughout the night and came back empty-handed, tired, cold, hungry. Some didn’t come back.
At daybreak came a rumor. Someone had heard someone else who was ‘In the know” talking about an armistice.
The rumor rpread, as army rumors do (even though no word reached that sector about the false armistice report of a few days previous.) No one took It seriously but, finally, an exasperated first sergeant, who thought soiiders should know better than to believe fairy tales, decided to find out.
At regimental headquarters he found a group of nervous officers. The regimental commander, an unlighted, frayed cigar clamped between his teeth, strode back and forth.
A motorcycle roared up. A dispatch rider, nearly tumbling to the ground in his excitement, rushed in. At just 9:04 a. rn. he handed the colonel that fateful armistice order. The first sergeant raced back to his men with the news.
And then began two hours of mental torture. For the armistice was to be effective at ll a. rn., and the order was to continue operations until that hour. Men bit their fingernails, stared off into space, wondering, wondering.
“Will I be alive a ll o’clock?” was the question each asked himself
Shells screamed across no-man's land. At IO o'clock, a young captain, up from the ranks, went into eternity, a German bullet in his brain Ambulances raced back and forth. The hands on wrist watches seemed glued. Would ll o'clock never come?
Ten o’clock, ten-thirty. Things began to quiet down. Maybe, men thought, that official hour really meant what it said.
Then came 10:49 and all hell broke loose. Both sides, it seemed,
wanted to fire just one more shot. The earth trembled under the
At ll o'clock someone, somewhere, seemingly pushed a button. Came utter silence. No words. No movement. Men turned to granite. One minute, two, three and then—
‘‘Gosh, I guess it’s really over,” came from a one-time boss cow-puncher, who didn’t care who saw him cry. Over there a man drew patterns in the mud with the toe of his hob-nailed boot. Some laughed and some shouted, but voices were not natural.
That night, back in abandoned German huts, came the “celebre* tion ”
Brand new candles were placed in the windows. And the rags that had covered window lights for many long months, were ripped- down.
Outside, like children gazing at a Christmas tree, the men gathered. It was good just to look at those beams and know someone wouldn’t yell: "Cover up those lights, you idiots, do you want to get bombed?”
That was a celebration.
Che Abilene Reporter ~
VOL. LYU I, NO. 164.
WITHOUT. OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES,"-Byron
ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER ll, 1938—TEN PAGES
A Mediated Cit aa (Af)
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Unknown Hero Has Perpetual Honor Guard
MARCHING IN PARADE
THERE is a tomb in Arlington National Cemetery inscribed* “Here rests in honor-' od glory an American soldier Wcnown but to ‘Toil. Once a year, on Armistice day, the nation looks its way. But every minute, every year, the I nited States army pays it homage ^vitli a guard of honor. Heres how tile guard carries on:
War Vets Lead Abilene Holiday Celebration
... *. _ . * * * i i ■
SELF-BANISHED DUKE OF WINDSOR REUNITED WITH BROTHER
PARIS. Nov. ll—(UP)—The Duke 1 and Duchess of Gloucester joined the Duke and Duchess of Windsor at the Hotel Meurice today, beginning what is expected to be a complete reconciliation of the Duke with the British royal family.
The Gloucesters arrived by airplane from Marseilles, on their way home to England after a trip to Africa. They went to the hotel at once.
The ducal couples occupying adjoining suites at the hotel.
The visit has led to rumors that the Duchess of Windsor may later be given royal status. Since his marriage to the former Wallis Warfield Simpson in June, 1937, the duke has insisted that she be accorded royal status.
The British government has refused to consent In Europe,
however, the duke insists that his wife is "her royal highness, the Duchess of Windsor” and she is so addressed.
i The reunion here, it was generally believed, would lead to the Duke of Windsor's first visit to England since his abdication. It has been reported that he and his wife may i join the royal family In its Chris-j mas celebration at Sandringham, the royal country estate in Norfolk,
although Buckingham palace sources said they doubted it.
It was understood reliably that the present meeting between the royal brothers was arranged at the formal request of King George VI. Original reconciliation steps wTere taken in the fall of 1937, when the Duke and Duchess of Kent planned to visit the Windsors at Wasser-Leonburg in Austria, but the visit was called off at the last moment on instructions from England.
ONE MAN at a time marches before the tomb. The sentry detail is composed of 12 men. divided into .three shifts, a non-commissioned 'officer and three privates to a shift. Each shift is on duty 12 hours, from 7 o'clock to 7. then is off duty 24. A sentry, marching 30 paces a minute, keeps the post for two hours, Is relieved for Joi^,
TO PUSH INDUSTRIALIZATION—
Governor-Elect Asks ‘Little RFC’
0 Daniel Wflnts a:.', i in;.n^ Stator' President Finds
Vote 'All Right'
Roosevelt Views Scant Liberalism Threat in Ballot
LOADING HIS RIFLE with the regulation five-cartridge clip, this sentry is preparing to take over. He and the ll others in hLs detail ^will serve for 15 days, then be replaced.
THE SENTRY BOX beside the tomb is used only when the weather Is bad.
Would Organize at $10,000,000 or Up To Purchase Stock
FORT WORTH, Nov. ll.— (AP)—Governor-elect W. Lee 0 Daniel explained plans today for a state finance agency that would push through his program of industrialisation of Texas.
The agency, to be organized along the lines of the Reconstruction Finance corporation, would be capitalized at from $10,000,000 to $15.-000,000, with funds of the organ!-ation to be used for purchase of 50 per cent of the preferred stock of new industrial enterprises to be established within the state.
CAPITAL RELUCTANT ODaniel said Texas has the resources. facilities for research and the man power necessary for estab- , lishment of enough industries to dot the state with processing plants and factories, and deplored the fact that capital is proving reluctant to invest the new industrial or- I ganizations necessary to utilize the j abundance of natural resources and assets of soil and climate.
The governor-elect indicated he would prefer that business men take over the corporation in its entirety but declared the state would if they did not. Business men who object to the state entering the field of private finance will be given an opportunity to subscribe the stock of the corporation, he said.
Enterprises benefitted by the corporation are to be required to retire the state-owned preferred stock out of first profits, and before any dividends are declared on the stock held by private stockholders, he explained. adding that adequate precautions would be taken to prevent any wildcat promotion schemes.
LOWER TAXES SEEN
’ Every enterprise that seeks state aid under this plan Till be subjected to the most rigid scrutiny,” O’Daniel said. "The corporation will be headed by men who are experts in this field. The men back of each enterprise will be carefully investigated as to their honesty and ability In tile field they sen to enter.” O’Daniel declared that with hundreds of new factories in Texas, the tax load would be divided and thus lower taxes for each factory.
'We Ain't Going to Fight United States/ Said Canadians and Accepted Angeloan
SAN ANGELO. Nov. ll.—UP)—Frank Findlater. San Angeloan who fought with the Canadian forces in the World war, made an exception of the United States when he took his oath of allegiance. He related the incident when recognized at a banquet for veterans here.
Taken before a loyalty board, ha was asked to repeat the oath of allegiance. One portion dealt with allegiance to Britain against whatever enemy, and he excepted the United States. Three times he was asked to repeat the oath and each time he made the exception. One of the board members then looked at the others and said: "We ain't going to fight the United States. Let s uke him.” Findlater saw some of the fiercest fighting of the war and received a shattered arm to keep him nom forgetting 20 years after.
Exes Assemble For Reunions
Bonfires Tonight Will Add Brilliance To Armistice Fireworks Spectacle
men use a tent In warm weather; at other times a small room in the nearby Armington Amphitheater. The 12-man details are drawn successively from Fort Washington, Md., Fort Meyer, Va., and from Fort Belvoir, Va.
CALLANDER. Ont., Nov. ll — (UP)—Dr. Allan Roy Da Foe, the Dionne quintuplets’ physician, said today they were “recovering splendidly" from the tonsilectomies performed on them Wednesday.
Homecoming bonfires at McMurry and Abilene Christian colleges will add their brilliance tonight to the Armistice fireworks spectacle.
Ex-students of both colleges were Abilene bound today—to participate in pre-homecoming festivities to-nignt and in all-day programs Saturday. At noon today, there already were many visitors on both campuses.
Here are highlights of the Indian homecoming at McMurry;
4:30 p. rn. today—annual reunion of Alpna Chi, national scholarship society, at 4:30 at Abilene Womans club. New members of James Win-ford Hunt chapter to be initiated.
6:15 p. rn—Rumble of the tom tom signal for braves and maids to assemble at the Wah Wahtaysee rock garden for the homecoming rally, pinning of the colors on the grid warriors by their maidens, traditional bonfire. Freshmen to continue sounding tom tom until 3 p rn Saturday.
7:30 P- rn —Presetation of "Noah.’ dramatic spectacle by the McMurry theater in the college auditorium, all visiting "exes,” mothers and dads to be guests.
8:30 p. rn.—Annual homecoming dinner of the TIP, girls’ social club. at Hotel Wooten.
7:30— a. rn- Saturday—Wah Wahtaysee drum and bugle corps holds annual breakfast at the home of Janie Alice Parrish.
9 to IO a. rn.—Faculty coffee on third floor of administration building, honoring Dr. Thomas W. Brabham, recently resigned McMurry president, and Mrs. Brabham. "Exes,” mothers and dads to register in library during the same hour, before or after attending reception.
IO a. rn—Main homecoming program gets underway in chapel, with Anion Johnston of Winters, alumni association president welcoming vts-
itors, and Katheryne Simpson Fort Worth responding.
10:30—Thirty-minute homecoming broadcast over KRBC. with Thomas E. Hayden. Abilene attorney and graduate of old Stamford college. as the speaker.
11:30 a. rn—Business meetings of
Mothers and Dads club and the ------ — --------
Alumni and Ex-Students associa- about the same reception as before.
WASHINGTON, Nov. ll.—(AP) —President Roosevelt said today he did not believe the results of Tuesday’s elections constituted any threat to the continuation of liberal government.
At his press conference, Roosevelt declared he thought the election returns were all right.
A questioner, referring to the president's speech Friday before the elections, asked Roosevelt whether he believed the outcome of the voting, which resulted in heavy democratic losses and republican gains, constituted a threat to the continuation of liberal government.
The president replied that he certainly did not think so.
At the same time, he predicted he would not encounter what one of his questioners called "coalition opposition”—presumably the combining of republican and anti-New Deal democrats against administration proposals to congress.
He expressed belief his congressional program would be accorded
tion, the Rev. C. R. Hooten, originally scheduled for the 10:30 a. rn. address, arriving in time to speak to these sessions.
12:30 p. rn —Annual homecoming barbecue in gymnasium 3 p. rn—Indians clash with Southwestern in homecoming game L_ Medley stadium Informal class reunions will follow the game REAL SPIRIT
"Home-coming spirit” on the A. C. C. campus is running high with old students from all over the Southwest visiting their Alma Mater. Giving the official welcome to the visitors, are the Kitten Klub girls in their uniforms of purple and white.
All day the visitors have pouring to the A C. C. hill with the bulk of the crowd extorted to arrive about dusk tonight. Among some of the early arrivals are: Otis Garner, president of the senior class of '38 from Quanah. Lanelle “Butch” Caruthers. '38 graduate from Moody, Homer Utley, editor of the annual In ’36 and graduate of the same year; Gas Fanner, graduate of ’38: Marguerite Bush, student last year from Parkersburg. West Virginia, and many others.
As a prelude to the regular homecoming program which opens tonight at 7:30, the entire student body and visitors paused this morning to observe Armistice day. Lieut. James V. Leak, one of the two members of the famous lost battalion of the
See REUNIONS. Pg. 9, Col. I
Roosevelt chuckled heartily when the reporter questioning him on this point said bluntly he believed there would be such opposition.
For the first time, he disclosed election predictions which he made and sealed in an envelope soon after going to Hyde Park the middle of last week.
ABILENE And vicinity: Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Saturday; octagonal rain* and colder Saturday.
Weal Texan: Mostly cloudy, probably occasional rains in north tonight and Saturday and in southeast portion Saturda': Slightly colder in Panhandle tonight; cold-been j *r Sat'ifday.
East Texas: Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Saturday; oocaaiotial rain* In interior Saturday; colder in west and north central portion* Saturday.
Highest temperature yesterday 7d
Lowest temperature thia morning . .SS
I Disillusionment Lot of Globe in 20-Year Peace
Pershing Regards Today's Situation As Vital Menace
By the Associated Press
Twenty years after the war to end war, an anxious world pauses to reflect on peace and disillusionment.
A new generation, with only dim memories or none at all of the World war and the great joy of November ll, 1918, already has grown to fighting age.
It comes to maturity through years of struggle against the devastation of past war, amid new wars and preparations for more war, amid weakened democracy and growing power of dictatorship.
PERSHING VIEWS PERIL
"The situation in the world today is as menacing as at any critical time In history,” declared Gen. John J. Pershing, who led the American forces in France.
It was a rare statement on public affairs from Pershing, who accepted an invitation to attend memorial ceremonies at the tomb of the unknown soldier with President Roosevelt.
The times. General Pershing ■aid, demand “immediate and vigorous action leat there be visited upon us the recent experience of England and France... We are the natural protectors of the freedom of this hemisphere and we cannot escape our obligation.”
Britain, too, honored her soldier dead mindful not only of war two decades ago but of a war that almost came last September.
King George VI passed trenches hastily dug In parks on his way to a service at the foot of the cenotaph in London.
France, with her scepter of leadership on continental Europe wrested by a vigorous greater Germany, marked 20 years of peace with deep apprehension
Thousands of steel-helmeted mobile guards patrolled Paris with strict orders to stop any war veterans’ demonstration for a “public safety” government to mend Fiances finances and regain her lost diplomatic and military leadership.
The day'! celebration proceeded peacefully with hundreds of thousands of persons jammed around the arch of triumph to see President Albert LeBrun lay a wreath on the tomb of the unknown soldier. Troops then paraded down the Champs Elysee* for more than an hour. Premier Edouard Da-ladier left in a motor car to shouts of “long live Daladier’’ after reviewing the troops. Twenty years after the World war, nations are racing for arms supremacy at a cost of $14,000,000,-000 a year. Even the United States, a leader in disarmament, Is strlv-
SMITH SOUNDS WAR WARNING TO THOUSANDS
Warning that the 20-year peace since the World war Is threatened by rumblings of new conflict, John Lee Smith of Throckmorton spoke to thousands of Abilenians and Armistice day visitors this morning as a prelude to a day-long celebration.
"Twenty years ago at this hour, the rumbling thunder of ten thousand cannon suddenly was stilled Into silence and peace with her shining wings hovered over a world that for four long, frightful years had become the habitation of violence and tragedy and tears,” Smith said.
"As those mighty armies grounded their arms for the last time—as wars alarms faded away—the nations of earth lifted their voices In one mighty hallelujah of thanksgiving. But even as the warriors departed from their latest battlefield, as they passed the myriads of little white crosses, row on row beneath which were sleeping their comrades to whom no armistice would ever come, they took their inventory of the frightful cost humanity had paid for peace. Nin** million killed in battle. 20.000,000 wasted by wounds and disease, multiplied millions in wealth blowi away In cannon smoke—this was the costly sacrifice the nations laid upon the a’tar of the war gods in their plea for peace.
“And now after the passing of 20 years we see that fond dream of a war-less world vanishing In the midst of frightened nations once more disturbed by war. Have we, the living, kept faith with our valiant dead? Almost it seems their sacrifice has been in vain.
"It will have been in vain if we see this great peaceful nation drawn again into war.
• • •
"We mast teach our children to hate war yet never fear it In the sense of the coward who flees from dangerous duty. Teach them that the gods of war drink not their
See SPEECH. Pg. ». Col. 2
See ARMISTICE, Pg. 9. Col. 4
Two Charged In Driving Case
Justice of the Peace Theo Ash set bonds of $750 and $500 respectively for the driver and occupant of an auto which struck Ellis Grisham. 1426 North 18th street, last night and knocked him unconscious.
Charges of hit and run driving and failure to render aid were filed today against the two, George Collins. 29. the driver, and Joe Col-I lins, 73, his uncle. Both men are from Anson.
Grisham was hit as he stood on the curb at 17th and Pine streets. He suffered a head injury and bruises and lacerations. The car did not run over him. Police arrested the two men later at Second and Pine.
Card Jammed As City Hails Date of Peace
Schoolboy Football, Sham Battle Top Observance Here
Abilene swung into the 20th anniversary observance of Armistice today with the men who fought in the World war leading a day-long celebration of peace.
Heralding the beginning of an activity-packed holiday, a midmorning parade wound through downtown streets after an Armistice day address by Jonn Lee Smith of Throckmorton.
SCHOOLS LEND COLOR Only battle fronts drawn today will be between gridders of Abilene high school and San Angelo high for the district championship football clasn at Eagle stadium at 2:30 o'clock, and at the American Legion sham battle and fireworks display tonight at the fair park grandstands.
Homecoming events at McMurry and Abilene Christian colleges also were among the dry’s festivities.
Thousands were on hand at downtown corners to hear Smith’s speech, delivered from a platform at the corner of Sou h First and Oak streets and rebroadcast through a public address system along points later passed by the parade. Bands and pep squads from Ahi lcne high school, Hardin-Simmons university and McMurry and ACC added color to the marching units of ex-service men, national guards and associate organizations RECORD CROWD SEEN One of the most impressive sec ticns of the parade was the mount ed unit of nearly IOO couples toward the end of the procession. Horse men and women from many sur rounding towns participated.
Crowds gathering in Abilene for the all-day program were to be swelled even greater by arrival of ti e San Angelo special train at the Texas Pacific station at I o'clock this afternoon.
There were indications that a record crowd of 9,000 would see the football game this afternoon.
Open house was to be held at the veterans' clubhouse east of town for Legion and VFW members, following a noonday barbecue.
At 6:30 o’clock, the VFW sponsors a dinner in the WOW hall, for which Arthur D. Dodds, immediate past state commander, will speak SHAM BATTLE TONIGHT American Legion program at the fair grounds begins at 7:30 p m with an Armistice day presentation I pageant and concert by the Abilene J high band, to be followed by a sham battle and fireworks display. The local Legion post seeks to defray expenses of the days activity through a charge of IO and 25 cents admission.
Several hundred legionnaires and national guardsmen will take part in
See CELEBRATION, Pg. 9, Col. 3
SCIENTISTS HINT AT ARTIFICIAL REPRODUCTION IN HUMANS
By HOWARD W. BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Editor PHILADELPHIA, NOV. ll.— Science opened a new chapter in the mysteries of human reproduction today, with a test tube experiment in which a sharp-pointed, solid glass needle usurped the role of "father " The needle pricked an un
fertilized human ovum, the “egg” which develops into a The ovum thereupon took first, microscopic step toward reproduction. It cast off two small gobs called polar bodies and formed a furrow W’hich was declared to be the start of “cell division.”
Dividing of the ovum into
two, the two into four and so on is the way a fertilized germ cell grows.
The experiment, the first in the history of science on human material, was reported to the Philadelphia Pathological society last night by Stanley P. Reimann, M D, and Bernard J. Miller of the Lankenau hos
pital Research Institute.
The ovum was obtained from a woman during a surgical operation. A few thoasandths of an inch in diameter, It lived for about six hours under a microscope while it played its little drama in a drop of clear serum from human blood.
It died apparently from lack of suitable environment.