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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 9, 1944, Abilene, Texas mzm Wt)t Abilene Reporter lur FINAL WITHOUT    OR WITH OFFENSE TO    FRIT:SDS OR FOES WI SKT, I Cl I YOUR WORLD    VC I V AS I T GOIS "-Bv rn,, VOL. I.XIV NO. 143 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING. NOVEMBER 9. 1944-TWENTY PAGES Assoaatrd Pre.** (AP) im let Pres, IV.P.I    PRICE FIVE CENTS AS RUSSIANS MASS FOR GRAND WINTER OFFENSIVE—3d Opens 'Big Attack’ Prelude FDR Vote Margin Least Since 1916 By the Associated Press    • President Roosevelt's fourth term victory, sweeping in the electoral vote, was won by the smallest popular vote Margin since 1916, the nearly complete returns indicated today. With 44,353,855 votes reported, the President s edge over Governor Thomas E. Dewey stood at 2,867,319: Roosevelt 23,610,587 and Dewey 20,743,268. $ The President was leading in states with 413 electoral votes and Dewey in states with 118, but where Michigan’s 19 votes eventually would wind up was in doubt although Dewey held a slight lead. Four years ago the President won by 4.938,711 over Wen-fcdl I Willkie in a total popular vote of 49.815,312. In 1936, Landon byi    — Condemnation Actions Heard he defeated Alf over 10,000,000 and in 1932 won from Herbert Hoover by mnre than 7,000,000. .-Hoover * margin over Al Smith r 1928 exceeded 6 000.000, Calvin Coolidge won over John W Davis In 1924 by more than 7,000,000 and DETROIT, Nov. 9— <^P>—A recheck of 81 Wayne county prescind* by the board of canvasser* indicated today Governor Thomas E. Dewey’* lead over President Roosevelt for Michigan’s IO electoral \otes had been slashed to 1,657 votes. #,3rren G. Harding defeated James Cox in 1920 by over 7.000,000. Woodrow Wilson's margin over Charles E. Hughes in 1916 was only 591,385. ^ Swept into office aion* with the President was a strengthening Democratic majority in the house. On the basis of late returns, the Democrats held » plurality of at least 49 seats •with 13 contests still underided. By contrast, the Democratic margin over the Republicans in the present house is only two seats with minor party members L holding four and five vacancies. With five senate contests undecided, the Democrats seemed assured of maintaining at least their See ELE! TION, Pg 17, Col. 6 •ROON Al GLANCE Hearings on condemnations of ll tracts of land in Taylor county, parts of the right-of-way needed for the new project to widen and reconstruct portions of Highway 84 south of town, were underway in the county courtroom this morning. Lands involved are owned by J. M. Hamilton, Oliver O’Connell. M. IL Witt. I. B. Duck, Jr.. L. B. Ivey, J. B. Wilkerson estate, I. N. Wilkerson, J. M. Smallwood, Delbert Webb. Onyx Refining company and J. C. Raper. Settlement# were expected to be reached in some of the negotiations, County Judge £arl P Hulsey said. Commissioners conducting the hearing are E. B. Kidd of Tuscola, Will Graham of Guion and Luther Cannon of Lawn. Remainder of the right-of-way had already been secured. The work, to be done from the intersection of Highway 83 and 84 south to the Coleman county line, will cost some $450,000. The contract is expected to be let sometime this month if right-of-way can be secured. COCKY JAP IO DEMAND' MacARTHUR SURRENDER' Bv the Associated Press Gen. Tomovuki Yamashita, new Japanese anm commander in the Philippines, is going to demand Winier Hits East Front; Reds Ready unconditional surrender’’ from Gen. Douglas MacArthur, the Tokyo radio announced today. Yamashita. who conquered the Malay peninsula and captured Singapore early in the war, told Jose P Laurel, puppet Philippine pres! dent, according to the broadcast., • aoa;nct normans/ ic “im that the “only words’’ he spoke to J    against UCI mat.\ is im the British commander during the Dimout. negotiations for the surrender of    Soviet dispatches said the Singapore were “All I want to hear Russians from you is ’yes or no.’ "I expect to put the same question to MacArthur ' The broadcast was recorded by the Federal Communications commission. YAMASHITA B> the Associated Tress I,ONDON    9    -(UP)    Six I . S. Third army infantry divisions attacked today K. Both Moscow and Berlin re- "n ,h<‘ cen‘r?> »cc‘»r o( the 500-mile western front and the se ported today that a pram! Germans, (-alinit thorn prelude to the big offence, also '-.scale Red army winter offen- declared Americans in th,- Aachen sector "e™ feverishly preparing for a new assault toward I ologne and the Rhine-land. Lf. Gen. George S. Patton. Jr., threw in two divisions north of the fortress city of Metz, and added another division to the three which attacked yesterday on a front north, south, and southeast of the city. U. S. First armv doughboys in the Hurtgen forest area of western Germany gained slowlv in the area south of captured Vossenack. Southwest of Hurtgen they scored small In another broadcast Tokyo ra- preparations for a full dress offen-1 advances and west of Schmidt, lost to a counterattack early dio said a “mass rally" was held sive and said It appeared "directly.,    ,    t .........i yesterday in Taihoku in northern imminent,'’ with the first blows this week, tile infantry mopp (l l }    p    v    .• Formosa as part of a Japanese probably to be struck in East Prus- More than 1,300 American heavy bombers pounded Uer-campaign "to stir to action the sia.    man front line positions in the Metz area to clear a path for 100.000.000 people for the destruc-1 in Moscow the Communist party ;t)1P 7ilircj armv . The bombers swept over the hattlelines at levels lower than usual. Hundreds of divebombers struck the area both before and after the Flying Fortresses and had massed vast Corers, with complete winter equipment, from thr Arctic to the Danube for the "final assault'’ on Adolf Hitler's inner fortress. Nazi broadcasts dwelt on Russian tion of Britain.” the United States Stevenson Urges Support of FDR AUSTIN. Nov. 9—i/Pi—-Governor Coke R. Stevenson asserted today it was the duty of Texans to get behind the national administration in support of the war effort and the governor himself pledged “a continuation of my support.” He added at a press conference that his statement did not preclude individual opinions as to what is needed to win the war and the peace. Time for Big Three to Talk Says Winnie LONDON, Nov. 9.—(AP) — Prime Minister Churchill declared today “it is high time we had another triple conference” of himself, President Roosevelt and Marshal Stalin. Such a meeting, he said at the lord mayors luncheon, •might easily bridge the sufferings of mankind and stop the fearful process of destruction which is now ravaging the earth. “The prospects of such a meeting.” Churchill said, “have been vastly improved by the results of the presidential elections in the United States.” • * • His auditors applauded when he declared that Marshal Montgomery had opened the Schelde estuary to the great Belgian port of Antwerp. The operation cost heavy British and Canadian casualties, however, he added. “When I was here last year I appealed to the British and American public to be very careful that election year did not in any way ruffle the goodwill that existed throughout the English-speaking world, and which was so great an aid to our armies,” the prime minister recalled. “It is certainly remarkable that all this turmoil of the United States election should have been carried through without any disturbing of the ancient, motheaten, threadbare controversies which are to be found In the history books between Great Britain and her American kinsmen, now brothers in arms. “We must be very careful ourselves to avoid mixing ourselves up in American political affairs. I offer my thanks to parliament, press and to public men of all parties and no parties perhaps, especially to them—for the care and restraint which have made all potential indiscretions die upon their lips.” • • • Churchill praised Gov. Thomas E Dewey for sportsmanship in defeat,    .    _        ...    ------ ---------- saying: "What a model this would    general board of missions in New    ini- rh«‘ A.lies who Had    advanced j the    Hungarian    capital,    gateway to be to those states where political    York City was speaker this morn-    55 miles    from Tiddini. pushed on    (Germany    proper. differences are not solvable by word    ing at the 35th annual Northwest    from Et    White toward    Kalenno,--- -----_____________— or vote, where the question of who    Texas Methodist conference in ses-    15 mile#    beyond. Patton Hurls More Gls Into Metz Fight Bv The Associated Press Presidential: Roosevelt ahead in 'A states with 413 electorial votes: Dewey in 13 with 118. Popular vote: (118,645 of 130,810 voting unit** Roosevelt 23,597,115; Dewey 20.742.067; total vote 44,339,-182. | , -Senate: Democrats elected 19, in-i C-C Meet Postponed iaiding Barkirv, Downey, Wagner, Tvriings, Taylor, McMahon, Hay- j Regular monthly meeting of the den, Thomas (Okla.), Thomas Abilene chamber of commerce dill tab). Magnuson and Lucas, out- rectors, scheduled today, was post-side the Solid South. Republicans poned to next Wednesday when elected ll, two in Oregon and one Burt C Blanton will present re-h in Kansas, Massachusetts, New ports on the recently completed in-Hampshire, South Dakota, Vermont, dustrial survey of the Abilene re-jowa, Indiana, Wisconsin and Colo- tail and wholesale trade territory, rado. llou-e: Democrat, elected 241 (218 is majority). and took 30 seajs from Republicans. Republicans elected #7 including 6 scats held by Democrats and 2 by minor parties. Minor parties elected 2. Undecided seats, 15. Typhoon Slows Yanks on Leyte By The Associated Press Weary, water - soaked American infantrymen fought in a raging I OO-rn lie-an-hour typhoon on the slippery ridges of northern Lr.vte island today against fresh Japanese soldiers whose arrogant new commander boasted he would de- Methodists Hear Mission Leader mand “unconditional surrender" of Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Mud-soaked Yanks were temporarily stopped in their Phil-• inanes invasion, more by the blinding storm than by the reinforced enemy. Tok\n radio admitted the Japanese. too, were halted in their southeast China drive through cold p-JjV.7-rain against "bitterly resisting’ Chinese in hilly Kweilin. Chungking claimed the Nipponese, attacking from three directions, were using poison gas. Only important land progress was reported from Burma where Indian and British troops captured Fort Malinovskv and organ Pravda said Red armies were! poised in East Prussia. Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia to strike the final blow and fulfill Premier Josef Stalin's Bolsevlk revolution anniversary order to "dispose of the Fascist beast in his own lair and horst the flag of victory over Berlin.” The newspaper quoted a veteran Don Cossack horseman as saying: “The Germans boasted they would rain the Don river. The day is not distant when our t ossacks will water their horses in the Rhine.” Temperatures dropped on the eastern front, Moscow reported, and snowfall increased in many battle areas as the first blasts of winter brought the traditional Red army "fighting weather.” There was every indicatl n from both Moscow and Berlin that the Red Rimy had used the relative hill to put its front lines in readiness for the showdown campaign in the east. Moscow communiques have reported only local fighting in Fast since Cherniakhovsky’s forces encountered the fiercest opposition of the war as they pushed along both sides of the main railway to Konigsberf, capital of the outlying German province Tire battle for Budapest also slackened off as Marshal Rodion Y. regrouped his 2nd Uk Liberators attacked. Perhaps 500 fighters escorted the heavies. Berlin said Lt. Gen. George S. Patton had opened this attack In order to break through to the Baar river inside the German border. 30 miles to the northeast, but the direction of the drive suggested an attempt to cut behind Met* South of Met/ the attack spread all the way from Chem-Inot. IO miles south of Metz and four miles east of the Moselle, to the Chateau-Salin* area where the Doughboys hammered a mile-deep wedge north of the Rhine-Marne canal at a point 28 miles east ol Nancv and an equal distance west of Sarrebourg. Baptists Plan Youth Center; 550,000 Sought Dr. Cos per P Hardgraves of the White in two days of heavy fight- rain la n army for a final assault on is to be in and who is to be out may sion in Sweetwater Cookv, little Gen Tomo.vuki Va tri be one of life and death, to be set- Progress of the mission cause was achira, taking command in t h e tied by violence and intrigue and the general theme where there may be but a short gap graves' address. of Dr. Hard- bet ween being the ruler and being the victim.” Latins Celebrate MANAGUA, Nov, 9— (ZP)—The Nicaraguan government declared a two-day holiday today to celebrate the reelection of President Roosevelt . Japs Offended' by Stalin's Statement SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 9—f/T)— Premier Marshal Stalin's speech this week in which he brended Japan an “aggressor nation,” surprised and offended the Japanese people, Domei, Japanese news agency, reported today in a radio broadcast. The broadcast, recorded by Federal Communications commission. said that the Russian premiers address has become the "central topic of discussion of all Japan. xxx But government circles are refraining from making any comments.” Opening sermon. A Ca!! to Evangelism, was brought night by Dr. Aller W. Moore, pastor llPar from Philippines in an attempt to bolster Japanese troops, bragged in Manila that in negotiating the sur-render of Singapore hp told the Wednesday pr^j:Sh commander "all I want to same no.’ I question Infantrymen of the 24th division. who have been fighting since they landed in the Philippines Oct. 20, made no gains but still held the offensive. They fought an uphill battle against Japanese from four divisions, three of them re- ........  you    is ‘vet or of the First Methodist church in    .    .    '    th. Dallas. Bishop C.    C.    Selecman, to M^Arthur1 presiding for the first    time over    “    '*    « < the conference, appealed to the church to return to early evangelistic spirit of Methodism. In the first business meeting of the conference Dr. Cal C. Wright, Abilene district superintendent, resigned as secretary of the conference a post he has held 16 years CPntjy landed on Leyte. Tile Nip-For    two years previous    to that he    pones* held ridges dominating    the was    assistant secretary.    Navy    elect-    narrow, twisting trail leading    to the ec* were181? *s    B Nor- thPjr Ormoc base, 15 miles to the wood of Shamrock. How ard Craw - south. ford    o‘ Chillicothe and    D. D.    Deni- Artillery played a dominant    role son    of Merkel were elected    assis-    as the storm grounded plane;    and tants with the Rev. Edgar Irvine of rain was so thick it was impossible Friona named statistical secretarj f0r infantrymen to see the enemy. Memorial services    are    slated for noon Saturday and ordination of elders will be Saturday afternoon. Texas Cotton Crop Yield Up 100,000 AUSTIN, Nov. 9 -opt An increase of 100,000 bales in the indicated cotton production for Texas this year was forecast today by the crop reporting board of the United States Department of Agriculture. Based on No\ I conditions, a crop of 2,600,000 bales was predicted, compared with 2,500,000 on Oct. I, and with 2,823,000 bales produced last year. 3,273,000 bales wfas the average production in Texas during the 10-year period 1933-42. The Weather Repub Leading ST. LOUIS, Mo., NOV. 9-(UP) LatpM unofficial returns in the race for U. S. senator with 4,504 precincts reporting out of 4.543 in the state gave Donnell <Ri 732,325 and McKittrick (D) 721,413. FREE MILK FUND ( nntrihution* reported today: A non' mnu *      I    I    OO Iola! in rial/ ............. 1,823.42 final      .1,000.00 ( nnlrihuiion ma) hr mallrd In the Milk I mill Council, Ahilrnr, or *i\rn to VV O Norman, Irraourrr nf (hr fund, at thr larmrra and Merchant! National hank. Air action quieted in the fare of the typhoon, but not before American Pacific and Philippines forces destroyed more than 48 Japanese planes, dam-aged a destroyer, sank a freighter - transport, and raided 15 island groups from the Volcanos to the Dutch Indies. Eleven Japanese planes raided Saipan and Tinian in the Marianas, when Tokyo said the 20th airforce was sending Superforts northward. Adm. Chester W. Nirnitz said the raiders lost three    planes and caused no damage.    Tokyo previously claimed U. S. aircraft were wrecked. Chinese military leaders, who have often accused the Japanese of using war gases said the Nipponese were using    “large quantities"    yesterday it    had of poison gas in    the suburbs of    tion”    that    Hit in Kweilin, key to Kwangsi province. I due to mental Illness, Fuehrer Muzzled On Nazi Holiday LONDON, Nov. 9—(db—Berlin | broadcasts indicated today that for the first time the greatest of Nazi party holidays will pass without a speech from Adolf Hitler. Last night wa* the eve of the annual celebration of tLr abortive 1923 Munich herr hall putsch, and it has been the custom since Hitler's rise to power for high ranking party members to meet in Munich ss it Ii him and renew their pledges of faith in the fuehrer. But Hie German radio announced that because of the reich'.* "total mobilization” the celebration would take place "at a later date not specified It appeared that no speech would be forthcoming from Hitler. Earlier neutral correspondents In Berlin cabled they had been informed the party experted Hitler to speak When he had not- gone on the air by 8 p. rn. a powerful ghost voice broke into a German radio program with this demand: “Why doesnt Hiller speak? Why does the fuehrer keep silent? What is the matter with Hitler?" Hitler has made no appearances before a microphone since July 21, when a voice purporting to be his broadcast an assurance to Hie German people that he was safe after the bomb attempt on his life. The London News-Chronic'Ie said reliable lnforma-silence has been In Holland Wirer et he first snow of the season fell last night, Field Marshal Sir-Bernard I Montgomery's 21st army group had seized all of Walcheren island at the mouth of the Schelde except a tiny pocket around the villages of Buttlnge and St Laurens, two miles northwest of Mlddelburg. This pocket was isolated from the coast South of the Maas < Meuse) Poles had blown their way through the concrete defenses around the southern end of the Moerdljk bridge and were bridgehead three-fourths of a mile deep. A youth center, to c'-st from $75.* 000 to $100,000, will be built by the First Baptist church, it was un* animously voted at a regular church conference Wednesday night. The building will be at the corner of North 3d and Hickory, just north of the church's educational building. George *G. Anderson, senior deacon, started the movement Tuesday night at the monthly session of deacons with the declaration the church has always had a great place for young people and never a greater place than now. “It has alrays seen    the    need of prodding the hest    for    them, hut never more largely and zealously than now,” it was said. The deacons, in what was describ* attacking    an    enemy led    of the greatest hours In I    1-2    miles    long    and    the history    of the church.” \oted to recommend the project and their recommendation wa# endorsed by the church in conference Wednes* day night. A movement to raise $50,006 In 1945 was authorized hy the church conference whirh officially declared the movement Is "needed foremost of all local movements since it will meet the need* of youth in this critical hour when the world is pressing its claims on them.” 1 The building will be “up-to-the-; minute in it# appointment# and will be open six days of the week with every safeguard and at the same time every convenience and opportunity for youthful expression in the highest form of recreation and character building,” it was announced. The U S First army was slowly regaining some of the ground lost this week southeast of Aachen to strong German counterattacks. The Allied communique said the Americans were advancing slowly against heavy enemy pressure in the area south of Vossenack and southwest of the town of Hurtgen against "verv heavy resistance.’’ West of Schmidt, which the First army reached before being thrown back, enemy pockets are being mopped up, the announcement said. The Third army divisions which attacked this morning near Metz nade minor gains. Opposition ranged from light to moderate The 19th division crossed the Mozelle river in two places north of Metz Another fresh division, still unidentified in dispatches, established a bridgehead over a Moselle tributary also above the city. Jobs for Veterans (Apply to War Manpower Commission, 1141 North 2nd). Veterans placed since Sept. I    118 Veterans placed yesterday 3 Interviewed yesterday .    7 Referred yesterday ...    4 Jobs listed.......195 VS. DEPARTMENT OI COMMERCE WEATHER Bl REA! ABILENE AND VICINITY — Clear skies this afternoon, tonight and Fridas Highest temperature thi- aftornoon, 75, lowest Fridav morning 45. EAST AND WEST TEXAS—Fair (his CONNALLY READY IO LEAD PEACE BY-EORCE FIGHT Sen. Tom ConnaUy <D-Tex) said afternoon, tonight and Friday; not much ftprp yesterday he would like to lead ChM^imumtet^mprerature past 24 hour* a fight l r an organization that YANKS GET ELECTION RETURNS IN PICAD1LLY CIRCUS American servicemen crowd around a slate at the Rainbow Corner, American Red Cross club in Picadilly, Circus, london, to follow returns in the United States national clec-Irfm. (AP Wirephoto). 70    .    w Minimum    temperature past 12    hours. 42 TEMPER ATI'RES Thu -Wed Wed-Tue A M Hour P M 47    54_    I—    R7    75 46    52—    2—    68    77 45    52—    3—    69    79 44    54—    4—    69    78 45    56 -    5—    69    77 42    56—    6—    66    74 43    56—    7—    63    70 41    55—    8—    55    61 49    S7__    9—    54    57 56    59-10—    33    57 62    62—11—    50    57 66    65—12—    47    56 .Sunrise    this    morning    .    a 03 Sunset    tonight .....................643 w’ould enforce world peace “with iron and steel.” Sen. (onnally predicted another conference .similar to the Dumbarton Oaks conference would be held soon to construct the framework of a peace organization and said he hoped it would be able to agree on a treaty that "will enforce peace in the only language aggressors know—with iron and steel.” "I hope I shall be’able to lead    , had    been    presented    and    discussed the fight for ratification of such    a    j in    eight    regional    meetings treaty,” he told thp 27th annual convention of West Texas chamber of commerce directors meeting here On domestic matters, Sen. Cou-nally told the delegates representing 145 town# in 132 counties that frontiers for pioneering in many fields await the American people, especially thofce of Texas and the Southwest. $ a • During business sessions earlier yesterday representatives of West Texas towns gave final approval on policies and work programs which Nine planks of the program were discussed at a session conducted bv M, ( . I Imer of Midland, president. AH wcrr adopted, hut at an afternoon meeting a plan which would have authorized the editorial hoard of the organization's publication to sponsor a $2,000,000 state appropriation to advertise Texas nationally was rejected. E. W. Hardin of Amarillo was elected president; G. A. Simmons of Lubbock was named first vice-president; Hamlin Y. Overstreet of Texico, N M sri c ad vice president; Malcolm M. Meek of Abilene was named treasurer and D A. Ban-deen of Abilene, general manager H C. Custard of Cleburne succeeded Hardin as third vice president. In the afternoon session a number of resolutions were adopted. They included: Taal the WTCC participate in a cotton planning conference, with international implications, in Washington Dec. 4. That the WTCC Inter-County Agricultural Production and Improvement contest inaugurated last year be merged with the activities See WTCC, Fg. 17 Col. 6 New Draft Ruling Affects Farmers A new directive pertaining to 2-C and I - A classifications of men between the ages of 18 and 25 inclusive who are regularly engaged in agriculture and who are essential to the war effort, has been received by local Selective Service board 2. A. A. Heathmgtnn, chairman, announced this morning Tile new directive will affect the some 165 registrants who have been reclassified from 2-C (necessary farmers) into I-A, Heathington I stated. This will give these men. placed in I - A from 2-C. the opportunity to file additional information, at which’time the board can consider this information in view' of reopening 2-C classification, it was explained. Additional information concerning this ruling will be mailed the registrant# in this age and classification group as soon as it is received. draft officials stated. They asked that person* not call the board’s off’ce as nothing more can be learned now Houston Theives Take Home Bacon HOUSTON. Nov. 9    UP1 — "Whole hog or none” thieves vvere abroad in the Houston aiea ast night, and they took home the oa-con. literally. Alvin Mitchell reported to police that one or more audacious and doubtless ham-hungry thieves stole from his garage a prize. 300-pound hog which had been destined to offset meat rationing for the Mitchell family this winter. J ;