Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 7, 1954, Abilene, Texas
H. Payne 13!Tex. West. 20 T. Tech 28Notre Dame 421 BaylorMcMurry 6H-SU 7 Arizona 14!Penn 7 Texas
7Georgia 14! Arkansas 28|A1Florida 13ÌRice 15 Miami
14'Ohio St. 26
13 Pill. 0
OklahgiM 40'S. (al. 2t
Iowa Slate O.Sianlotd 1Wk âbilme 3^)pcirter~'iBietttSí SUMDAY
'WITHOUT OR WIIH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT (30ES" Byron
VOL. LXXIV, NO. 141
Associated Press ( AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING. NOV. 7, 1954 —FIFTY-SIX PAGES IN FIVE SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Johnson Scoffs At Stalemate
WASHINGTON, Nov. 6 UPs—Sen, Lyndon B. Johnson today scoffed at any talk of a stalemate because of the election of a Democratic-Ied Congress and said the Democrats will cooperate with President Eisenhower if consulted in advance.
Johnson, Texas Democrat slated to become majority leader of the Senate in January, spoke at a crowded news conference.
‘Talk about a stalemate is as ridiculous as talk about a cold war,” he said, adding:
Democrats Peaceful "If there is a cold war, the Democrats are not going to provoke it.”
This was a reference to President Eisenhower’s statement last month that a Republican Congress must be elected to prevent “a cold war of partisan politics” between Capitol Hill and the White House.
"Eisenhower told his first postelection press conference that this campaign oratory probably was too strong,” the tall Texan recalled.
He said he personally was dis-
250 al Cisco Hear Illinois Senator Speak
By PHYLLIS NIBLTNG Reporter-News Staff Writer CISCO, Nov. 6 — Americans cannot expect others to follow them if they are going in a circle themselves, a Cisco Chamber of Commerce crowd was told here Saturday night.
The speaker was the Hon Frank P. Johnson, newspaperman and ttate senator from Kewanee. 111.
About 250 people heard him speak at the annual Cisco Chamber of Commerce dinner held in the junior high school gymnasium. Also Kewanee Native Sen, Johnson was introduced by Anton White, Cisco C-C president who is also a native of Kewanee.
Sen. Johnson said that America has lost something in taking a short cut to greater prosperity. He characterized it as the spirit of small town America of 50 years ago.
"It is a heritage we dare not lose,” but he added, "danger signs on the national horizon show that it is possible to lose this heritage.” Lauds Organizations One thing that helps America in the fight to keep its national identity is organizations like the Chamber of Commerce banded together for the common good, he said.
They help to keep strong our capitalistic system of free enterprise, which we know as the American way of life, Sen. Johnson said.
"Our one great hope of peace rests on the strength of our economy,” he said.
Keeps Audience Laughing Sen. Johnson kept the Cisco audience laughing early in his speech with stories of his experiences with the Redpath Chautauqua Circuit and as a newspaperman.
His column in the Kewanee news-
See CISCO, Pg. 4-A, Col. 4
appointed by some of Eisenhower’s campaign utterances and he reported that other Democrats are still burning at campaign statements by Vice President Nixon and other GOP orators that Democrats are "left wingers” or "the party of treason.”
Johnson said he was glad that the President had invited top congressional Democrats as well as Repubilicans for a conference on foreign affairs here Nov. 18.
"We will be happy to participate and contribute anything we can,” he said, adding that this was "a step in true bipartisanship” that Democrats had urged in the fields' of foreign relations and national ■ defense. , |
But Johnson stressed that bi-1 partisanship and Democratic co-: operation must include "more than | just a review of the facts and decisions that have been made.”
"A political party cannot be asked to bear the responsibility of a decision in which it had no part,” he said.
Several times he cited what he said was a biblical quotation often used by his father:
Reason Together • "Come, let us reason together” Johnson said he and Rep. Sam Rayburn, a fellow Texan who again will be speaker of the House, had agreed that Democrats will have their own legislative program. He said this will be in addition to the recommendations in Eisenhower's State of the Union message to the new Congress.
Although he had tart comments on Republican tactics in the recent campaign, Johnson said the public is more concerned about the integrity and prosperity of this nation and peace in the world, than which party controls Congress.
"And you won’t have a strong America if you keep one eye on the election returns and play politics,” he said. The election results proved, he said, that the American people "rejected the extreme partisanship of both parties.”
Asserting the President "now has had his little fling in the political arena,” Johnson said this had surprised many voters who regarded Ei.senhower as "the President of all the country.”
Johnson praised Sen. Knowland (R-Calif>, the present majority leader, as a man who "never questioned anyone’s patriotism,” and later they had lunch together.
DAN SORRELLS . 28-year-old lawyer
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE H EATHER Bl REAU _
ABIT.K.NE AND VICINm’ - Fair and mild Sunday and Monday High temperature both dayi 75 to 80 degrees Low Sun-
"Ho°RfS AND W,ST TEXAS
_ Fair and mild Sunday and SOUTH CENTRAL AND EACT TEXAS —Fair Sunday and Monday. Little want-
4« 1:30 II
« .......... 8:30 75
47.............. 3 :W) ............. 76
45............ t;30 75
47 ............. 5:30 71
44 6:30 «1
43 ............. 7:30 54
49 ............ 8 30 52
35 ...... 9:30 51
62 ............ 10:30 ..............
65 ............ 11:30 ..............
High and low temperature! for S4 hour« ended at 6:30 p m : 76 and 41 High and low tempcratuiea aam« date last year; 54 and 45.
Suniet last night 5:45 p.m. Sunrise today 7:02 a m.. Sunset tonight 5:44 P m. Barometer readlng at 9-30 pm. 28 24 Relative humidity at 8:30 p.m. 45 per cent.
Dan Sorrells Enters Race For Senate
The fourth candidate for state senator in the special selection here Dec. 11 disclosed his plans Saturday to enter the race left vacant by the death of Sen. Harley Sadler of Abilene.
He is Dan T. Sorrells, 28 - year-old Abilene lawyer, of 1201 West-ridge Dr.
Other candidates are Rep. David Ratliff, Stamford radio executive; Pat Bullock, former state senator from Colorado City: and Juston Morrow, Rotan farmer and businessman.
Other persons who have been reported as possible candidates are Rep. Truett Latimer of Abilene. who said he has not definitely made a decision in the matter, and J. Henry Doscher, Abilene attorney, who was not available for comment.
Deadline for filing is Nov. 11— 30 days before the election.
Sorrells is a member of the law firm of Webb, Sorrells. Schulz and Ford. He was born in Breck-enridge, attended public schools in Abilene and graduated from the University of Texas with BBA degree in 1949 and LLB degree in 1951, following duty in the Marines during World War II.
Power Issue Slowing
Arms, AEG Chief ^ays
VIET NAM MISSION
Collins Arrives To Thwart Reds
SAIGON. Viet Nam. Nov. 6 President Eisenhower’s special representative, Gen. J, Lawton Collins, is arriving here at a critical moment in the struggle to prevent communism from grabbing another big chunk of Southeast Asia.
Not since President Truman dispatched Gen. George C. Marshall to China in 1946 to attempt to bring the Communists into a coalition government has an American military man been entrusted with such a tough and delicate job.
Collins, who was named by the
GEN. COLLINS . . . to Viet Nam
Soviet Hits Workers For Slow Production
MOSCOW, Nov. 6 (/pt - Deputy Premier M. Z. Saburov tonight kicked off the festive weekend celebrations of the 37th anniversary of the Russian Revolution by censuring Soviet factory and farm workers for lagging production. He said additional controls would be imposed to develop further the Soviet economy.
Speaking in Moscow’s Bolshoi theater before the top Soviet government leaders, dignitaries and diplomatic corps, the youthful-looking Saburov also denounced the West’s defense alliance moves, including rearming of West Germany, and repeated the charge that the United States is trying to encircle Russia with military bases.
He stressed the Soviet government’s theme of coexistence—that
Fight to Restore High Form Supports Forecast by Mahon
COLORADO CITY, Nov 6 (RNS) —Rep. George Mahon predicted Saturday that high, rigid farm price supports would not be approved by the coming Congress. He predicted a fight to reinstate them.
He said the Democrats would attempt to restore the 9« pei cent .support program but estimated this program might be delayed until effects of the presently approved flexible program are felt in 1955, with the full impact to be felt in 1956.
Mahon, one of the senior members of the House, arrived in Colorado City after visiting in his district—the 19th—during the week.
Hottest Battle of 1954
"Perhaps the hottest battle in 1954,” he said, "was the fight over the 90 per cent of parity support program for basic crops.
"The advocates of flexible supports won, and while the Democrats will undertake to reinstate the 90 per cent of parity support program, it would seem unlikely that this effort would be successful. ia 1955.
"However. I do think that tha
REP. GEORGE MAHON . . , becomes subcommittee bead
90 per cent support program will eventually be restored.”
"Secretary Benson and the metropolitan papers have convinced the city consumers that the old farm program, which will be in •flact ontil Jan. 1« la indalanaibla.
Related story, Pg. 7-A.
City congressmen, who are in the majority in the House, would very likely refuse to embrace the 90 per cent support system again soon,” Mahon said.
Boost in '’osition When the Democrats take over, Mahon’s seniority in the House will elevate him from 27th place on the 50-man House appropriations committee to the number two spot and the chairmanship of the 10-man subcommittee handling all appropriations for the National Defense Department—Army, Navy and Air Force.
He expects to begin hearings on the defense appropriations bill in January and to present it to the House in late April. Beginning in December he will get out in the field and undertake to get a firsthand look at what goes on in the defense build-up.
Nov. 12 he will inspect the guided missle center at El Paso, on the 14th he is scheduled to speak at the 19th District Legion Con-
Bm MAHON. Pg. 4-A. CM. t
capitalistic and Communist nations can live peacefully together in the same world.
"As far as the U.S.S.R. is concerned,” he said, "the basic principles of coexistence will be observed.”
But he added that Russia stands ready to maintain its interests by force of arm.s, if necessary.
President Klementi Voroshilov, arm in arm with Premier Georgi Malenkov, led the procession of government dignitaries onto the flower-banked stage of the Bolshoi. Above the floodlit stage flashed an electric slogan: "Long live the 37th anniversary of the great October Socialist Revolution.” Malenkoi Escorted Voroshilov escorted Malenkov to his seat and then the government sat down in the following left to right order:
Deputy Premier A. I. Mikoyan, 1st Deputy Premier Lazar Kaganovich, Defense Minister Marshal Nikolai Bulganin, Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov, Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist party N. S. Khrushchev, Premier Malenkov, President Voroshilov. and M. A. Yasnov. chairman of the Moscow City Soviet (City Council).
Deputy Premier M. G. Pervuk-hin did not sit with the other leaders, but was in a back row.
SiCTION A Vo»«T«»«l.............1
SfCTION • Armifric« Rtviaw . .
City H«H ieot ....
New Arrival« ... History of Abiltna . .
Business Outlook .....
SECTION C Faculty Wivos ......
TFWC Convention .....
Fashionably Spaakint . . . West Taios Club Calendar
Gordon tooics .....
Storybook Lend ...
Farm, Markatt ..... •
Char^. Ro^, TV......
. . . • .10-11
.. 1 .. 1 . 2 . 4 4.7 . . • . 10 . 12
.. 1 . 2 . . 2 . 3 . 5 .. 4 4 7 , f 10
White House on Wednesday to "coordinate the operations of cll U.S. agencies” in Viet Nam, is expected here Monday. Actually, his assignment i« to try to bring order out of the political chaos now existing in the non-Communist South. If it is not done soon, there seem.s little chance Viet Nam can be saved from a Communist victory at the polls two years from now when a unified government is chosen under terms of the Geneva armistice agreement. The former Army chief of staff has the personal rank of ambassador during his mission.
Collins must undertake a difficult diplomatic chore without seeming to interfere in the South’s internal affairs, carefully avoiding the oversensitive toes of high strung Vietnamese.
This, in general, is the situation which confronts the American envoy:
Premier Ngo Dinh Diem, ardent nationalist and anti-Communist, is at the head of a government which has no real power because he is unabla to exact obedience either from the national army or from the national police force.
His hold on the army has been broken by the tactics of Chief of Staff Nguyen Van Hinh, son of a former Premier. Hinh defied Diem two months ago after he had been accused of political ambitions. The army, believing their chief was being martyred, backed him.
The police force is under the control of Viet Nam’s gambling czar, Gen. Le Van Vien, who heads the Binh Xuyen society endowed with its own small private arrny. The Premier, a man of great integrity and ascetism, opposes gambling and vice in general and would like to put his own man at the head of the police. But he is powerless to do so and would run counter to the wishes of Chief of State Bao Dai if he did. The ex-Emperor put Binh Xuyen in control before Diem took over the government.
Without the loyalty and obedience of the army and the police, Diem is paralyzed. He plans to carry out widespread reforms such as land redistribution which would answer the Communist-led Vietminh’s claims if it is the only party concerned with the people’s welfare. But he cannot do so unless the police and the army can be depended on to maintain order while this drastic new system is being installed. The same holds true for calling a National Assembly and enactment of mea.sures to combat the influence of communism in the South.
U.S., Nationalist China Hotd Tatks On Security Pact
WASHINGTON, Nov. « (^The United States is holding talks with Nationalist China with a view toward a security pact, diplomatic authorities said Friday.
The talks are being held by Asst. Secretary of State Walter R<>bert-son and Gecwge Yeh, the Nationalist Chinese foreign minister currently in Washington, Robertson recently flew to Formosa to talk with Generalissimo Chiang Kia-shek.
Diplomats said that the final decisions on the pact have not been made. They said that the Chinese Nationalist government has been without the advantage of a U.S. security guarantee and had sought such an arrangement for many months.
The U.S. supplies arms for the Nationalist forces on Formosa and the American 7th Fleet protects the isand against the possibiity of Communist invasion attempts.
At present the United States and the Nationalist have a "gentlemen’s agreement” whereby the Na-tionalisU will consult Washington before undertaking any action, even of a defensive nature against Communist forces.
Informants said that the proposed pact would continue this ar-ranfemeBi.
ONE KISS COMING CP — Capt. W. C. Wilkerson, who piloted the American Airlines plane to a skidding but safe landing with 13 passengers aboard at the Washington airport, bashfully grins as his pretty stewardess, Patricia Miller, leans over to plant a kiss. With the nose wheel damaged. Wilkerson circled the airport in Washington for two hours to lessen the fuel load before attempting a landing. No one was hurt. The captain and the stewardess are both from Nashville, Tenn.
Political Issues Remain Clouded
WASHINGTON, Nov. 6 (4n-Laat Tuesday’s spectacularly close election left a broad political hint today that the issues likely to decide the 1956 presidential race have yet to emerge in clear form.
A survey of the issues and factors that were involved in close contests and upset victories across the nation underlines this seeming fact:
Local factors for the most part dominated Tuesday’s election and neither party came up with a surefire campaign formula, slogan, or set of issues certain to give them an advantage two years from now.
Demos Get Control
The voting surge gave the Democrats control of Congress and such politically potent states as New York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut and Michigan — but it also placed them in a position to be blamed for events which have been a GOP responsibility since 1952.
Indications are that Democratic Gov.-Elect Edmund S. Muskie of Maine may have been right when he said the close election "suggesU that both parties will have to be on their best behavior if they hope to win in the country as a whole in
19.56.” ^ ,
A cross-country assessment of the issues and factors involved in Tuesday’s elections in those states where there were upsets or hairline decisions give substance to these conclusions;
1. Local issues and personalities played a greater part in the voters’ decisions than national issues.
2. The one theme used most effectively by the Democrats in all areas was the pocketbook issue— that the Republicans were to blame for lower farm prices, unemployment, and less take-home pay for workers. Also there was the implied promise the Democrats would ’'ring about an upturn in prosperity. . , ,
3. The Communist issue in almost every case was considered unimportant or else it backfired against those Republicans who tried to inject it into the campaign.
4. Contrary to Democratic predictions, the farm vote showed no widespread pattern of discontent with the Eisenhower administration’s flexible price support program. In some states, the vote could be interpreted as one of approval while in other states as one of disapproval
5. President Eisenhower’s personal popularity is holding up well and his last-minute campaigning was credited with giving a booat to some hard-pressed GOP candidates although his support apparently had little effect on other racea. Some Democratic candklatee ran
on a promise they would support Eisenhower.
6. The voters set no age limits on their favorites and elected all except one of the five 75-years-or-older Democratic candidates running for Senate seats. The one exception was Sen. Guy Gillette, 75, (D-Iowa) and age wasn’t an issue in his race.
7. Voter concern over the Eisenhower administration public power policy ran deeper in the Northwest region than the politicians had expected.
Political experts will be looking for days to find a definitive pattern to the voting which turned up such peculiarities as the Democrats winning the Pennsylvania governorship for the second time in 70 years: "unbeatable” Sen. Gillette being unseated by his Republican opponent; and Colorado elating a Democratic governor while choosing a Republican senator.
Murray Says High-Level Men Diverted
WASIHNGTON. Nov. « I* — Atomic Energy Commissioner Thomas E. Murray said today the Dixon-Yates power issue has diverted t(^-level commission attention from vital atomic weapons problems.
Murray, who abstained from the Atomic Energy Commission vote approving the power project, told the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee;
"I can assure you that the time spent on this highly c<mtroversial and political matter is increasing neither our weapons 'know bow’ nor our weapons production, at a time when this is of the utmost inportance.
AUentioe Diverted "No one will ever be able to estimate the degree to which top level commission attention haa been diverted from its grave primary responsibilities by an issua only distantly related thereto.” Murray’s statement led to clashing opinions as to what should be done. Chairman C^le (R-NY) of the Atomic Committee took the position the committee shcwM waive a waiting period and let the contract go through to end what be termed damage Inflicted on the atomic program by the controversy.
Rep. Holifleld (D-CaUf> said, on the other hand, that the contract should be subjected to further, intensive scrutiny.
Murray is the only appointee of President Truman left on the AEG. He said he was opposed on four counts to the proposal to supply the Tennessee Valley AuthiM'ity with AEC-contracted power from a new. 107-million-dollar private plant, although he said he personally believes private utility companies should be used whenever possible to meet "the ever growing demands for power throughout the nation.”
But, he urged, the Dlxoo-Yat«s issue should be resolved soon so top AEC management "will get back to its vital tasks.”
Mnrray Testifies He testified before the committee shortly after the congressmen and the AEC agreed to have the 500-million-doIlar contract signed Monday in order to clear the committee’s legal authority to review it. The contract, approved by the AEC but not yet signed, is between the AEC and a private utility known as Dixon-Yates.
IN CENSURE CASE
Solons Eye Fast Action
WASHINGTON, Nov. 6 (f) -Senate leaders said today they hoped to wind up before Thanksgiv-ing the special Senate session which will consider the proposed censure of Sen, McCarthy (R-Wis). The session opens Monday.
Republican leader William G. Knowland of California and Democratic leader Lyndon B. JohnsMi of Texas also made clear at a joint news conference they want the session limited to the specific purpose for which it was called, barring some emergency.
They said, however, that the opening session oa Monday will be very brief, with the Senate adjourning out of respect for members who have died since its recess August 20. Actual debate on the censure issue may not start until late Tuesday or even Wednesday.
McCarthy, who has hem accused of conduct unbecoming a senator, has in-edicted that he will be censured by his colleagues and baa spoken <A the forthcoming session as a "lynch party” and a "cir-eua.” Knowland and Johnsoa
Related Stories. Pg. t-A
declined comments on these statements.
A special Senate Committee of three Republicans and three Democrats unanimously recommended last Sept. 27 after nine days of public hearing that McCarthy be censured by the Senate for his conduct.
It is the first censure case to come before the Senate in 28 years. Only three senators have been censured by their coUeaguM in the nation’s history.
Sen. Watkins (R-Utah). chairman of the special committee, said he plans to call the members together Monday, to go over the draft of the resolution he is preparing to carry out its rec-ommendati(Mis and findings.
McCarthy has accused Watkins and two other members of the dai committee of being biased against him. In a letter this week be charged Watkins had made an "imbecUic ruling” during Hm hearings that prevented him from el-faring his full delnnaa. ,