Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 6, 1954, Abilene, Texas
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'WITHOUT OR WIIH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIV, NO. 140
Associated Press ( AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, NOV. 6, 1954—EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc
FPC Okays Power Plan As Two Staffers Object
WASHINGTON. Nov. 5 (^The Federal Power Commission revealed today that it approved the controversial Dixon-Yates power contract despite opposition from at least two of its staff officials.
Chairman Jerone K. Kuykendall told a congressional committee the commission approved the still unsigned contract by a 4-1 vote, after rejecting one staff officials list of 10 major objections. Commissioner Claude L. Draper voted aga.nst approval, he said.
Third Agency This was the third directly involved government agency in which opposition has been reported otficially to the plan for private interests to erect a 107-million
' Tod Eshleman, Oilman, Dies; Riles Sunday
Tod E. Eshlem^. Abilene oilman, died at his home Friday afternoon following a heart attack. He was 53.
Mr. Eshleman was owner and operator of Abilene Elevation Service, an oil well service firm.
He had been in business here the past 16 years and moved here with his family from Wichita Falls six years ago. He had also been in business in Wichita Falls until moving to Abilene.
Mr. Eshleman was stricken with a heart attack at the family home, 2466 Merchant St., about 2 p.m. Friday. He was pronounced dead on arrival of a doctor.
He had suffered a heart attack about two‘ years ago, but since that time had been in fairly good health until he became ill Thursday night.
Bom In Oklahoma
Mr. Eshleman was born at Paw-huska, Okla., on Oct. 30, 1901. He' moved with his parents to Wichita Falls when three years old.
He graduated from high school at Wichita Falls and studied mining engineering at Dallas.
He was married to Miss Jerry Brooks at Wichita Falls in 1926.
Mr. Eshleman had been in the oil business 30 years. He had oil holdings in Oklahoma. Kansas and Illinois, and also owned leases in East Texas and in Taylor and surrounding counties.
He was a member of the West Central Texas Oil and Gas Association and the Petroleum Club.
Funeral will be held at 3 p m. Sunday at the Central Presbyterian Church, of which he was a member. The Rev. Frank Travis, pastor, will officiate. ,
Following the service the body will lie in .state at Elliott's Funeral Home until 7 a.m. Monday when it will be taken to Dallas in an Elliott’s coach.
Private rites, to be attended by members of the immediate family, will be conducted at 11 am. Monday at the Hillcrest Mausoleum Chapel at Dallas. Interment will be in the mausoleum.
Survivors are his wife; one sister, Mrs. Jess Smith of Arlington; and one brother, Ben E. Eshleman of Chicago, III.
dollar plant to service additional power to the Tenne.ssee Valley Authority. The power would replace some TVA electricity used by the Atomic Energy Commission.
Only two of the present five AEC commissioners are on record as favoring the proposal. TVA officials have expressed opposition.
The contract is being reviewed by the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee to determine whether it, should observe administration requests to wai”e a waiting period that otherwise would carry the disputed contract over to the next congressional session.
Rep. W. Sterling Cole (R-NY), the committee chairman, told a public hearing that Congress is powerless to stop the contract from going into effect. The law does not authorize the committee to change or veto the proposal but says only that it shall lay before the group for 30 days while both houses are in session, unless the committee shortens the period.
Sen. Gore <D-Tenn) predicted, however, that the Demwratic-con-trolled Congress convening in Jan-uai*y would take steps to kill the
Kukyendall told the committee that the opposition report had been prepared by Charles W. Smith, chief of the FPC’s Bureau of Accounts, Finance and Rates. He said Smith is a career official who has served with the commission since 1936.
Expressing his own <H)inion. the FPC chairman said “it would be nice’’ if the government could have convinced Dixon-Yates to “take some more of the risk” on some aspects of the proposal. But he added this was a negotiated cwi-tract in which “neither side would get all they want.”
The committee arranged to continue hearings tomorrow.
Dulles Fires Diplomat Backed by Truman
8-Time Winner Finally Loses
WASHINGTON, Nov. 5 Í/P)—John Paton Davies, con-
Jack Frost Gone; Mild Weather Due
The gradual warm-up that began after fall’s first frost here early Friday will continue Saturday and Sunday, the U. S. Weather Bureau said.
The mercury dropped to 34 degrees at 6:30 a.m. Friday and frost was heavy enough to kill growing plants in low places,
A low reading of 40 degrees was expected Friday night. Saturday and Sunday will be fair and mild.
High temperatures both days will be 70 to 75 degrees, with a low Saturday night of near 45.
Jurors to Study Safeway Prices
FORT WORTH. Nov. 5 (^A federal grand jury will investigate Safeway Stores, Inc., Nov. 15.
Books of the grocery chain were subpoenaed Oct. 7, the Justice Department said.
The investigations will be concerned with reports Safeway had sold goods at less than cost in an effort to drive competitors out of business.
Texans Plan How lo Run New Congress
BONHAM, Nov. 5 Two Texans. leaders of Democratic majorities in Congress, met briefly today to plan party contrd of the 84th Congress.
Sen. Lyndon Johnson, in a big white hat, and Rep. Sam Ra>burn, in a big black hat, said they were optimistic.
The Republican administration will get full cooperation from Democrats, they asserted, provided GOP speech makers stop their “20 years of treason” theme.
Johnson flew here from his Austin home. Rayburn, scheduled to become House speaker for a third time, mat him. They drove slowly to Rayburn’s country home talking crops and politics.
“Our program will be to main tain a united country rather than to have constant bickering among different groups,” Johnson assert ed.
“Cooperation will depend quite a bit on the attitude of the administration,” said Rayburn. "If they want to go along with us the Democratic House will go full force on all measures for the benefit of the country.”
Both said they had agreed to wait until after hearing the President’s State of the Union before telling of their definite plans for Democrats.
They both made it definite tW would not hesitate to lead revolts against administration efforts if nece.ssary—-“but on principles, not personalities.”
troversial diplomat cleared ei administration, was fired by
|ht times under the Truman lecretary of State Dulles to-
day on the grounds he lacked judgment, discretion and reliability.
Dulles, who said he acted on the unanimous recommendation of a five-man inquiry board, declared that ne /ier he nor the hoard had found Davies ‘ disloyal in the sense of having any Communist affinity’* or consciously helping an enemy of this country.
Under Attack Davies, under attacks for years by Sen. McCarthy fR-Wis) and others, said he would not contest Dulles’ ruling. He handed reporters a statement saying:
“There has been enough recrimination. I am not pre-)ared to add to it and there, w detract from the strength 01 my country in its mortal struggle with the Communist enemy ... I mu.st be content to let history be my judge.”
Davies has been a target of criticism by those who contend that U.S. officials did not give sufficient aid to the Chiang Kai-shek regime in
JOHN PATON DAVIES • • • accepts discharge
ON FOREIGN POLICY
SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN REPORTER-NEWS
Sunday’s Reporter-News will recall memories of Nov. 11, 1918, when the war to make the world “safe for Democracy” came to its grinding halt.
There will be pictures and stories of how the folks at home celebrated in anticipation for the timé when “Johnny Will Come Marching Home.”
American Education Week also will color this Sunday’s Reporter-News. There will be pictures of faculty wives at the three institutions of higher learning as well as stories and pictures about what public so^ools will do during the event.
You can reserve extra copies of Sunday’s Reporter-News with your agent or nearest newsstand, for 10 cents.
Third of Property Not On County's Tax Rolls
By DICK TARPLEY Rcportcr-Newi New* Editor
About one-third of the property in Taylor County is not rendered for taxation each year.
But the county’s tax collections remain at a high percentage nevertheless.
Many persons may think they are getting out of paying taxes because they don’t think their name is on the tax rolls, and because they are not billed for taxes each year.
But the tax is still shown against the property and when the property Is sold, the abstract will show that taxes, with their mounting penalty and interest, are unpaid.
Penalty and interest Is added on at the rate of 12 per cent for the first six months and six per cent a year thereafter.
Coiuity Tax Assessor-Collector Raymond Petree pointed out a re
cent case wherein a man came in to check on his tax situation when he prepared to sell some property. He had to pay back taxes for a number of years, with the oldest of them bearing penalty and interest of more than 100 per cent.
Unless property is rendered for taxation eath year, the county dues not send a tax statement to the land-owner.
Tax collections during the past five vears have totaled about 95 per cent annually. With one-third of the property unrendered, how Is that possible?
In some cases, people think they have rendered their property for taxation. When they get no county tax statement in October, they begin checking at the tax office and go ahead and pay.
A number of the newer homes are not rendered for taxation by the home-owner, but tha loan firm
servicing the loan on the property writes the tax collector for the amount of taxes due and pays the taxes each year.
Many of these homes are still listed as being owned by the housing developer, as far as the tax rolls are concerned. Petree said his office does not try to get correct owners listed for unrendered property. He said he makes no changes in the names of owners until the owners themselves come in and render the property for taxation.
Arthel Henson, Raymond Thomason, Lawler Const. Co., J. Q. Carter and other builders and developers are shown as owners of many pieces of property in areas already completely developed.
No efforts are made to collect unpaid taxes or to learn who owes
8m PROPERTY. Pg. %A, Col. •
HOW POGOSTICK MAKES LANDING—This sequence of pictures shows how the Navy’s new vertical rising plane, the Convair XFYl, come.« in for a landing on its tail from level flight. The demonstration was made at Sail Diego. (I) With Test Pilot J. F.. (Skeetsl Coleman at the controls, the plane flies horizontally across the landing field. (2) Coleman zooms it up into a vertical position. (3) The plane comes back down, churning up clouds of dust from its dual propellors and turbo exhaust. (4) It gently settles down to the ground.
Watkins' Testimony Okay by Democrats
WASHINGTON. Nov. 5 (#^-Dem-ocratic members of Sen. McCarthy’s Senate Investigations subcommittee have no intention of interfering with his plan to question Sen. Watkins (R-Utah) before the group Nov. 15. Sen. McClellan (D-Ark> said today.
“If Sen. McCarthy wants Sen. Watkins’ te.stimony and if Sen. Watkins wants it heard, we have no objection,” McClellan told a reporter. He is the senior Democratic member of the subcommittee and will take over the chairmanship from McCarthy if the Demo
crats organize the Senate next year.
Watkins is chairman of a special Senate committee which has recommended unanimously that McCarthy be censured by the Senate for some of his official conduct. He has agreed to appear before the investigations group.
McCarthy wants to ask him whether his special committee can fix the responsibility for the promotion and honorable discharge of Maj. Irving Peress. now a New York dentist, whom McCarthy calls “a Fifth Amendment Communist.”
China and that this helped pave the way for the Communist takeover. Much of Davies' 23-year diplomatic service was in China.
Published State Department records state that during World War 11 year« Davies expressed the belief power in China we* shifllnK from the Nationalists to the Reds. According to th^e records, he argued the United States must take strong measures to revitalize Chi-ang’s party but if this could not be done it should consider working with and trying to capture the -:o-operation of the Communists.
Sabotage Claimeil Patrick J. Hurley, who was ambassador to China in 1944-45, accused Davies and others of “sabotaging” a policy of aiding Chiang.
Dulles said in a statement he fired Davies in accord with a unanimous recommendation of a special Security Hearing Board of five high-ranking government employes fro moutside the State Department.
In citing the board’s findings, Dulles said:
The board emphasized that it defended Mr. Davies’ right to report as his conscience dictated, but found that he made known his dissents from established policy outside of privileged boundaries.
2 Parties Called To Ike's Parley
WASHINGTON. Nov. 5 (JB-Pres-ident Eisenhower, described as eager to get on “cordial and constructive” working terms with the Democrats, today called leaders of both parties in Congress to a conference on foreign policy Nov. 17.
While this I* not the first time
ganlzed the Senate in Jan. 1958, after he had left the Republican party because of policy differences.
Debt Owed The Demncrils owe Morse i debt, too, for his help in electing Democrat Richard L. Neuberger
that a While House briefing has 1 to the Senate from Oregon in the
Good Thoughts Need Strength, Collins Says
BROWN WOOD, Nov, 5 (RNS)— Americans have to call upon “good thoughts” and old - fashioned spunk” if they are to stand strong today, American Legion Commander Seaborn Collins said here Thursday night.
Collins was named as Man of the Year among alumni of Daniel Baker College, now a part of Howard Payne College here.
He was honored at a Man of the Year banquet in the Brownwood Hotel here.
In his speech. Collins, a former resident of Cross Plains who now lives in Las Cruces, N.M., stressed the importance of Americans’ thinking “internationally.”
‘If we ourselves cannot summon the all-out conviction that our good thoughts will prevail, then we cannot deter a rash aggressor from a calculated sneak attack nor stiffen the will of our friends to defend their freedom,” he said.
The banquet opened homecoming activities at Howard Payne. About 500 persons attended.
Commander Collins will also be honored at a program in Mims Auditorium Saturday morning and at halftime cere-
SECTION A Wemeii'* new*..........4
Sports . . §-10
monies in the McMurry College-Howard Payne game Saturday afternoon.
He praised the Influence of his college campus on his life. It was there, he said, “that I was truly taught to walk with God all the rest of my days.”
CommunHy Chesl Total Near $75,0(10
Community Chest totals were edging up to $75,000 Friday, as money ocmtinued to come in from the re.sidential drive.
Official total Friday morning was $70,416.31. In addition, $2,%5.-74 was turned in from the neigh-bor-to-neighbor drive, and another $2,000 from other sources, the Chest office said.
An exact total was not available at the time the office closed Friday evening.
been held for both Democratic and Republican leaders, it gave new emphasis to Ei.senhower’s expressed wish for good relations.
To Meet Leaders Wednesday, the day after the voters decided to replace Republicans with Democrats in control of the new Congress, Eisenhower said he would consult with leaders of both parties on both domestic and foreign issues.
It was Sen. Knowland of California, who will step out as the Senate majority leader in January, who pictured the President as eager to establish “close, cordial and constructive” relations with the new Democratic leadership.
Like Eisenhower. Johnson and Rayburn have promised to cooperate with the opposition when they think that is best for the country.
Democrats are going ahead with their plans to take over, despite the fact that they can count on a bare majority in the senate, which could be wiped out should there be a death of any Democratic senator in a state with a Republican governor.
One-Vote Edge The man who is giving the Democrats their one-vote edge in the vote to organize the Senate, independent Sen. Morse of Oregon, said meanwhile he was confident the Democrats would respect his seniority rights when It came to handing out committee assignments.
Morse said he hadn’t asked for any particular assignments, but it appeared likely he would regain his posts on the armed services and labor committees. He lost those when the Republicans or-
last Senate race to be written off as decided. However, Sen. Cordon (R-Ore) still refused today to concede he had been whipped.
“W# are waiting for the offlclal canvass.” Cordon said at Portland before taking off on a goose hunting expedition. The final state tally is expected about Dec. 1.
In the other extremely dose race, that for .senator from New Jersey, Democrat Charles R. Howell also refused to concede he had lost to Republican Clifford Case. However, continuing rechecks pushed Case’s lead to beyond 3,300,
Two Shattered Front Teeth Displayed at Sheppard Trial
CLEVELAND, Nv. 5 (#v-Two of Marilyn Sheppard’s shattered front teeth were displayed in court today at the first degree murder trial of her osteopath husband.
The gruesome relics — the only physical remains of a once lovely woman still above ground — were pased from juror to juror for inspection.
The teeth were produced as the defense unloosed a scathing, minute cross examination, striving to discredit the doctor who made the autopsy on Marilyn.
Bungling Charged “We are showing that the investigation of this case was bungled from the very outset,” Defense Ally. William J. Corrigan boasted to reporters.
He claimed the teeth could have been broken off as Marilyn struggled for life with her slayer, and that her teeth might have left their mark on her slayer’s hand.
Dr. Samuel H. SheiH>ard. on trial in the murder of his wife, b<NTi no
such teeth marks after the slaying.
Corrigan also pointed out to the jury similarities and a certain symmetry to the head wounds that killed Marilyn. He thus suggested that a multiple-pronged* weapon like a garden tool might have been picked up as a weapon by an intruder about to break into and rob the Sheppard home.
“I think I know what the weapon was,” Corrigan remarked outside of court. He said no moret Admli&ioii Forced Corrigan also forced an admisión that the coroner’s office made only a microscopic examination to see whether Marilyn was raped— and not a chemical test.
At the end of the day, Corrigan still had an hour to go in his cross examination of the state’s very first witness. He pleaded for a weekend recess, saying:
Trial Judge Edward Blythin went along, but only after warning that
he will order Saturday trial sessions if the defense continues to drag its feet.
“Dictatorial,” snorted one defense lawyer of the judge’s threat— outside the bearing of the court, however.
Four Roscoe Boys Win Waco Honors
WACO, Nov. 5 — Four members of the Roscoe Boys Club carried off two first prizes and a second in the Texas State Boys Club Declamation and Table Tennis Tournament held here Friday.
Derol Cameron places first in senior declamation.
In the table tennis event. Bobby Colwell and John Strother won first in senior doubles, and Homer Lamb won aecond in senior am-glea.
Cisco Chamber Banquet Toniqht At Junior High
CISCO, Nov. 5 — Cisco Chamber of Commerce officials will set the table fer 250 guests Saturday night.
Their annual banquet will be at 7:30 p. m. in the Cisco Junior High School cafeteria. President Anton White has announced. Guests are expected from many surrounding towns.
The Hon. Frank P. Johnson. Illinois state senator from Kewanee, m.. will be speaker at the banquet. Sen. Johnson, who has been on speakers circuits for over 20 years, was with the public relations staff of the Texas Centennial in 1936.
Also on the program will be the Cisco Junior College Madrigal Singers under direction of Jack Cnamb-liss, head of the music department.
Dinner music wiU be by Mrs. W. 0. Wylie, organist, Glenn Rock-ey of Baird, pianist, and Ken Rusa, trombonist.
Installation of officers four the C-C was held last spring.
V. a. DEPABTME.VT OF COMMEBTB WEATHKB BI KEAU ABUJENIC AND VICI.NITY — fWr aaS mild Saturday and Sunday HUh Umpar-■tura botn duyi 70 tu T5 deirvw. Low Saturday nisht near 45 NORTH CE.VTRAL TEXAS t FaO- and mild Uiniufh Sunday.
WF-ST ‘TEXAS — Fair UmMiib Sunday. Warmer in the Pecoe Volley and ooat-ward Saturday EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS —Fair through Sunday Warmor Saturday.
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