Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 3, 1954, Abilene, Texas
Civ» Tfi« Utift4Mf Way
/— 6®f)e Abilene jl^eporter-"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXtV, NO. 137 Associated Pres, (API ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOV. 3, 1954—TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10cDemos Near Control of House
County Rejects Two Amendments
Tuylor County voters gave over-nvhelming majorities to Gov. Allan Shivers and lb S. Sen. Lyndon Johnson, but oiposed two of 11 slate constilutionai amendments in Tuesday’s general election.
The 3.713 voters oppposed combining teachers and ot,her state employes into the same .system for retirement benefits, and opposed four-year elective terms for district. county and precinct offices.
This apparently went against the state trend in both of them, as late returns indicated all 11 amendments would pass.
Opposition of the Taylor County
I unit ol the Texas State Teachers As.sociation Abilene Cla.s.sroo.n Teachers Association and Abilene f’ublic School Administrators was reflected in the results of the retirement proposal here.
The amendment, No. 3. was soundly beaten in Taylor County, 1,980 to 1,127.
The proposal w'ould make retire- i ment benefits count for service in ' j both the public schools, colleges i I and universities of the state, and ■ ! in appointive or other state-em- j ploye jobs. Teachers in Taylor ! County opposed this, saying that both retirement systems were
GOP Leads 1 State Race!
By WILBUR MARTIN As.sociated Press Staff
Republican Bruce Alger held a narrow lead in his bid for Congress but the rest of Texas Tuesday again branded itself democratic.
Alger, 36, Real Estate operator, held nearly a thousand vote margin over an ex-mayor of Dallas, Democrat Wallace Savage at 11 p m. The vote was 15,123 for Alger; 14,218 for Savage.
Dallaa Republicans said: “We’re in.“
Shivers in Huge Leads
By overwhelming majorities, Allan Shivers nailed down a third term as governor and Lyndon Johnson a second term in the Senate,
Eleven amendments to the state constitution also appeared to have won approval, including the controversial one that would permit women to serve on juries.
These amendments included boosting the ceiling on public welfare aid and hiking the pay of stale legislators.
Two other Republican candidates for congress appeared to have lost and a third—for congress-man-at-large—was definitely defeated.
The Texas Election Bureau didn’t even bother to issue bulletins as Martin Dies of Lufkin piled up a one-sided margin over Republican Tom Nolan.
The 11 p.m. tabulaton by the unofficial vote counting agency, was from 160 of 254 counties, 19 complete.
The vote at that time:
Shivers 169,190; Tod Adams (R), Crockett. 16,985.
John.son 161,083; Carlos Watson iR), Brownsville, 22,603; Fred T. Spangler, Constitution Party 774.
Rep. Albert Thomas (D) led W'il-liam B. Butler <R) 29,938 to 13.671 in the 8th congressional district (Houston).
In the 18th (Panhandle), Rep. Walter Rogers (D) led Leroy La-ma.ster <R). 6,425 to 2.874.
The vote on women as jurors was 81,464 to 73,929 in this tabulation.
On the amendment providing four-year terms for elective precinct, county and district officials, Hie vote was 80,015 for to 71,720 against.
There could have been 1,863.619 voles cast in Tuesday’s general election. But there weren’t. The forecast was that the total would be less than a half million.
Cold, gloomy weather blanketed the state and may have cut the turnout.
For Texas, the result Tuesday was a return to its traditional role in the Democratic party. In 1952, for the first time in a generation.
t the state went for Republcan I President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The two top Democrats in Congress are Texans — Johnson. Senate minority leader, and Rep. Sam Rayburn. Bonham, House Minority leader. Rayburn will return to his old job as Speaker of the House if the Democrats win Congress. Johnson would be majority leader.
Statewide, the Republicans were steamrollered.
Fails at Home
Adams, the GOP candidate for governor, failed to carry his own home box. He got 30 votes and Si i-vers 82.
The total Republican vote apparently was going to fall below the 200,000 votes the party would have to get for Adams in order to be required to hold primary elections in 1956.
Apparently, the GOP will nominate its candidates by convention next time — as it did before the 1952 election.
Barkley Takes Wide Lead
I.OUISVILLE, Ky., Nov. 2 Former Vice President Alben W. Barkley, veteran Democrat, took over the lead tonight from Sen. John Sherman Cooper, Republican, in their Kentucky race for a U. S. Senate seat, after trailing in earlier returns.
Unofficial returns from 1,530 of Kentucky’s 4.132 precincts gave:
Barkley 202,352; Cooper 165,974.
Democratic Gov. Lawrence We-therby, who campaigned hard for Barkley, laid, “Barkley will win by 80,000 upward. U niight go as high Ji V5,000."
Anderson Builds New Mexico Lead
ALBUQUERQUE, Nov. 2 (f»-Clinton Anderson, a Democrat and former cabinet member seeking re-election to the Senate from New Mexico, built up an imposing early lead tonight over Republican Edwin Mechem, personally backed by President Eisenhower.
Anderson and John Simms, .Albuquerque attorney seeking to recapture the governor’s chair now held by Mechem, both had built up sizable leads as unofficial returns were compiled from more than 20 per cent of New Mexico’s 933 voting divi.sions, Anderson had 35,756. Mehem ^,720. Simms had 39,332 to 28,743.
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Oil new« . ...........6
Rodio-TV log .......... 7
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working 'well and that mixing them might endanger both programs.
The four-year terms (county officials now all have two-year terms) was oppo.sed in Taylor .County, 1.646 to 1,584.
Compulsory jury service for women was favored by a 12-vote margin when the last box, Elmwood We.st, No. 6 came through with a wide majority in favor of the amendment.
The final vote in the county was
1.683 for, and 1,671 against.
All of the boxes were complete before 9 p.m. and returns were in the Election Burenu at the Reporter-News, execept No. 6.
Election Judge Malcolm Schulz reported returns from his box at 10:30 p.m. After the polls closed, Elmwood West judges took the ballots to the home of Schulz’s mother. Mrs. Henry R. Schulz, and completed the count there. The box (No. G) with 231 ballots ca.st, was the fifth largest box in the county, slightly behind the 299 votes cast in No. 3. South 11th St. fire station, the 264 votes cast in No. 9. YMCA. the 258 ballots cast in No. 12, Orange St. fire station, and the 245 votes counted in No. 2. Butternut St. fire station.
A few write-in votes were reported, including several against the late Sen. Harley Sailer of Abilene, who was on the ballot for re-election for the stale Senate. But there was no reported concerted effort at a write-in campaign for any post.
The amendment permitting transfer of unneeded Confederate pension funds to the &ate Building Fund for building purposes received the biggest majority in Taylor County, It passed by 2,549 to 670. The amendment giving servicemen the right to vote in Texas (it’s prohibited now except for draftees) received the next biggest majority, 2 419 to 756.
Lisman (the small community in the hills south of Potosi) voted 6-0 against all the 11 amendments, except the Confederate Pension amendment.
Following is the total vote in all 38 boxes, including the absentee box, in Taylor County in the two top state and national posts and in the 11 constitutional amendments:
U. S. Senate — Johnson 3,164; Watson 344; Spangler 4.
Governor—Shivers 3,217; Adams 240.
No. 1, CHd age assistance increases—2.109 for; 1,092 against.
No. 2. Teacher, state employe retirement benefits—1,240 for; 2.-099 against.
No. 3, Social security extension for some city, county and state employes—1,980 for; 1,127 agaiast.
No. 4, Confederate pension transfer to state buildings—2,549 for; 670 against.
No. 5, State salary increases— 1,973 for; 1.228 against.
No. 6, Prohibiting state loans for toll roads—1,806 for; 1,317 against.
No. 7, Women Jury service—
1.683 for; 1,671 against.
No. 8, Four-year terms for county officials—1,584 for: 1.646 against.
No. 9. Hospital districts for five counties—1.840 for; 1.329 against.
No. 10, Military voting authorized—2,419 for; 756 against.
No. 11, Separation of tax collector and sheriff’s jobs in smaller counties—2,393 for; 662 against.
AT ABILENE AIR BASE
Carpenters, Ironworkers In Dispute Over Windows
Carpenters and ironworkers reportedly became embroiled in a dispute over whose job it is to install some aluminum windows in airmen’s dormitories at Abilene Air Force Base Tuesday.
As a result, carpenters reportedly left their jobs on the dormitory project early Tuesday morning, returned to - work, and then continued at work when ironworkers left the job later in the day.
W. M. Edwards, superintendent at Abilene Air Force Base for R. E. McKee General Contractor, Inc., of FI Paso, which has the contract for the dormitory work, said he had no statement to make about the matter. He declined to comment as to whether any of the workers had left the job, whether they would return Wednesday or if part of them art out on lirikt.
Members of the carpenters and ironworkers locals could not be contacted here Tuesday night.
Observers at the air base reported that the carpenters had contended that windows are their business, and that ironworkers said that aluminum is metal and that installing metal windows thus was their busmess.
After carpenters had left the job and returned, then a compromise reportedly was made whereby one carpenter and one Ironworker worked together in Installing the windows. Later the ironworkers decided against that and left the job, observers said. Carpenters continued on the job late Tuesday.
Reportedly no other jobs at the base were affected by the walkout, not even the other jobs in-vtdvlng
ALBEN BARKLEY • . old warhorse ahead
ELEHIONS AT GLANCE
By THE ASSOCLATED PRESS
Associated Press returns at 12:55 a.m.. EST, Wednesday showed Republicans elected to the Senate 4, leading 11, holdoveis 33, total 48,
Democrats elected 15, leading,8, holdovers 24, total 47.
Independent holdover 1.
Present Senate: Republicans 49, Democrats 46, Independent 1. Needed for majority, 49.
Senate overturns: None.
House—Republicans elected 61, leading 85, total 146. Democrats elected 168, leading 53, total 221. Unreported races 68.
Present House; Republicans 218, vacant 1; Democrats 212, vacancies 3: Independent 1. Needed for majority 218.
House overturns: Democratic
gains 6 in Del., Ind., N. Y., Pa., Md., Mo. Republicans gained 1 Fla.
GOVERNORS — Republicans elected 3, leading 10. holdovers 6. Total 19. Democrats elected 12, leading 9. Holdovers 8. Total 29.
Present lineup: Republicans 29, Democrats 19.
Governor overturns: Democratic gains 3. Conn., Maine., N. Y. STATE
DALLAS. Nov. 2 (JV-Returns to the Texas Election Bureau at 12 m. from 192 of 254 counties, 33 complete.
Governor—Shivers 286,811, Adams 32,597.
Senator—Johnson 266,360, Watson 47,094, Spangler 1,772.
1. Old Age Assistance Approval 224,435, Against 73,481.
2. Retirement Credits Approval 163,862, Against 86,850.
3. Employee Benefits Approval 159,417. Against 77,680.
4. Confederate Pension Approval 191.856, Against 57,315.
5. State Salaries Approval 150,-707, Against 94,028.
6. Toll Road Grants Approval 161,007, Against 98,471.
7. Women Jurors Approval 160,-419, Against 119,479.
8. Four-Year Terms Approval 149.983, Against 118,534.
9. Hospital Districts Approval 161.608. Against 96,635.
10. Military Voting Approval 202,899, Again.st 57,826.
11. Tax Officials Approval 188,-126, Against 59.824.
North Carolina; W. Kerr Scott (D) defeated Paul C. West (R).
North Carolina: Sen, Sam J.
Ervin (D), unopposed for short term.
Louisiana: Sen. Allen J. Ellen-der (D), -unopposed.
Arkansas: Sen. John J. McClellan (D), unopposed.
Georgia: Sen. Richard B. Russell (Di, unopposed.
Delaware: Sen. J. Allen Frear Jr. (D> defeated Herbert B. War-burton (R).
Alabama: Sen. John J. Sparkman (D) defeated J. Foy Guin (R).
Virginia; Sen. A. Willis Robertson (D), no Republican opposition.
Maine: Sen. Margaret Chase Smith (R). Elected Sept. 13.
Tennessee: Sen. Estes Kefauver (D) defeated Thomas P. Wall, Jr. (R).
West Virginia; Sen. Matthew M. Neely (D) defeated Tom Sweeney (R).
Kansas: Sen. Andrew F. Schoep-pel (R) defeated George McGill (D).
Oklahoma: Sen. Robert S. Kerr (D) defeated Fred M. Mock (R).
HOMER FERGUSON . . .Ike supporter trails
AVERELL HARRIMAN . . . In national spotlight
Gov. Lodge Beaten In Connecticut
NEW HAVEN, Conn.. Nov. 2 (ff —Democrat Abraham Rlbicoff apparently unseated Republican Gov. John Lodge in today’s election, but his unofficial margin of less than 3,000 votes was so close that even a slight error in the official rg-turns could change the result
Harriman Breaks Long Dewey Grip
NEW YORK. Nov. 2 (4V-Dcmo-crat Averell Harriman won election as governor of New Vo.k tonight. breaking 12 years of Republican control under Gov. Thomas E. Dewey.
“We will restore government with a heart in New York,’’ Harriman said in a victory statement, Harriman, former New Deal and “Fair Deal’’ ambassador to Moscow, secretary of commerce and foreign aid chief, triumphed over Sen. Irving M. Ives. Dewey did not seek re-election.
Ives conceded the election at 10:16 p.m.
Returns from 6,865 of the state’s 10,436 elections districts gave Harriman 1,755,573, votes; Ives 1,577,852.
Light Rain Possibility Here Today
Cloudy, cold weather and occasional light rain was forecast for Abilene Wednesday as fall’s hardest freeze so far was expected to grip the state’s upper half before dawn.
Northeast Texas was in for the coldest weather — 25 to 32 degrees. But no freeze or frost was expected in Abilene, where the mercury was to drop to 35 to 40.
Frigid air followed a cold front from the north that passed through Abilene about 3:45 Tuesday morning and by late afternoon blanketed the state.
Dalhart, at the top of the Panhandle, shivered in 24 - degree morning cold. Amarillo had 27, Lubbock 30. Wichita Falls 33.
A forecaster at the U. S. Weather Bureau said moist gulf air from the southeast was expected to ; bring occasional light rain here Wednesday.
The wind had shifted to the | southeast Tuesday night, blowing ; at 10 to 15 miles an hour, and was expected to remain in that direc-; tion through most of Wednesday before shifting to the southwest.
' May Hold Off Frost
The wind and a good cloud cover over Abilene Tuesday night was expected to hold off any frost here, a weather observer said.
Elsewhere in the State here was the outlo<rfc: Panhandle and South Plains, 28-36 degrees; north central Texas 25-35; north and central East Texas 25-32; extreme south part of Texas, 32-42 and frost; and north part of south central Texas. 32-42 degrees.
For East Texas, the forecast called for an outright “freeze north and central portion." Dallas, in North Central Texas, was in for near 30-degree cold.
This count came from 3,765 dl.s-tricts in normally Republican upstate New York and 3,100 in Democratic New York City.
Harriman. accompanied by hi.s wife and two daughters, read his statement at his headquarters.
“I approach with humility the great responsibility that has been entru.sted to me. but with determination to justify the confidence and meet the hopes of the people of this state,’’ he said.
He said, “Tiie people of New York have voted to go forward under the banner of the Democratic party. They have directed us *o pick up where Herbert Lehman left off 12 years ago.”
Lehman, then governor, is now a U.S. senator.
Ives, a veteran campaigner who never had lost an election, glumly told newsmen a short time Jater;
“In New York state it was not a Republican day.”
He sent this message to Harriman;
“It was a great fight, congratulations and best wishes.” Newspapers, including the New York Times and the New York Daily News, and Democratic state headquarters proclaimed Harriman the winner before the returns were half completed,
Harriman rolled up a comfortable margin over Ives even though President Eisenhower had come into the state and campaigned personally for Ives in a door bell ringing tour of housing projects.
The Democr,at was certain to be projected into the national political picture in breaking the control the Dewey organization had held over the state for 12 years.
Dewey, twice a presidential candidate, did not run for re-election this year. But he had the rpa-jor voice in the Republ'can nomination of Ives and had campaigned actively for him.
Ives’ Senate term still has four years to ran.
Three Key Seats Won
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
A Democratic surge threatened Republican control of Congress early today after toppling a longtime GOP bastion, the governorship of New York.
All the efforts of President Eisenhower and Gov. Thomas E. Dewey failed to prevent Averell Harriman, former “New Deal-Fair Deal” official, from defeating Republican Sen. Irving M. Ives for the Empire State governorship.
And as the clock ticked away past midnight, Democrats had made a net gain of 3 House seats in yesterday’s election and were leading in 17 districts now held by Republicans. They needed only a gain of three for House control—but they had not yet clinched the fight, for many races remained undecided.
Thus far neither party had captured an opposition seat in the struggle for command of the Senate, although Democrats had elected 15 senators to the Republicans’ 4. Most of these Democratic victories were in the South, but they retained their seats in the battleground states of Delaware and West Virginia. Republicans won senatorial contests in Kansas, New Hampshire (2) and Maine (in September).
Martin Leading Gillette in Iowa
Among Republican.«! leading for the Senate were Rep. Thomas E. Martin. Iowa Republican, who had an early advantage over Sen. Guy Gillette: Gordon C. Allott in Colorado; and Sen. Guy Cordon in Oregon.
Be.sides wresting the Albany, N.Y., governor's man.sion from the Rep'/’ilicans, the Democrats edged to a governorship victory in Connecticut so close it could be reversed on later, official tallies.
In the Nutmeg Stale former Rep. Abraham Ribicoff got 463,000 vote.s to 460,000 for Republican Gov. John Davis Lodge, brother of Henry Cabot I.K>dge, the Eisenhower ambassador to the United Nations.
And in Pennsylvania, with the returns mounting past the halfway mark, Democrat George M. Lead er, state .senator and chicken farmer, held a 170.000 vote lead over Lt. Gov, Lloyd H. Wood for
the governor’s chair—-held by a Democrat only once in 70 years.
AP returns on the 38 Senate contests at 11:50 p.m., EST, showed 4 Republicans elected for a total of 37, including 33 holdovers. Democrats. with 24 holdovers, had elected 15 for a total of 39. There is one Independent holdover. Contests undecided: 19.
AP returns on the 435 Hou.se seats at 11:45 p.m., EST, showed 43 Republicans and 145 Democrats elected. Present Congress lineup; 218 Republicans. 212 Democrats, 1 Independent, 4 vacancies,
GOP gains, 1; losses, 4. Democratic gains, 4; losses. I. Contests undecided: 247.
AP returns for governor In 34 states now 28 Republicans, 11 Democrats at 11:45 p.m., EST, showed 1 Republican and 10 Democrats elected.
GOP losses, 3. Democratic gains, S. Contests undecided; 23.
'Setbacks May Come/ Ike Says
As the sobering news for the GOP came in. President Eisenhower, who had laid his prestige on the lin® in arduous electioneering for a Republican Congress, told a group of his followers at Washington:
“Anyone who went tiirough any struggles in life realizes there must be setbacks. Be it good fortune or bad fortune for the moment, we can in the long run win, and will win.’’
A tric’ile of early returns from California pul Rep. Samuel W. Yorty, Democrat, into a slight lead over Sen. Thomas H. Kuche! for the latter’s Senate seat. Some advance forecasts had rated this race a tossup, others figured Kuchel a favorite.
Early tallies from Michigan showed Democrat Patrick V. McNamara running somewhat ahead of Sen. Homer Ferguson in the Senate contest. Ferguson is a top Eisenhower lieutenant in the Senate.
BEN H. GRAY SR.
50-Yeor Resident, Civic Worker, Dies
ABILF.NK AND VICINITY - Cloudy and culd Wedneaday with occaalonal lifht rain Partly cloudy and a little warmer Thuraday High temperature ,
55 degree«. Low Wednesday nifht 40. HKh Thurwlay «0 to «5.
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS - Partly cloudy to cloudy tluoufh Thursday occasional rain and a little warmer Thursday.
Tncs. A.M. « ......
1:30 ............ «3
40 ............ a » 45
40 ............ 3 » 45
40 ............ 4:30 45
40 .......t.... 8 30 ............ 45
39 ........ «:3o «
39 ............ 7:30 4«
40 ............ • 30 45
43 ............ * 30 45
43 ............ 10:30 ............
43 . .......... 11:30 ............
43 13:30 -----
High and tow temperatures lor M hours ended at 1:30 p m.-. 44 aad 30.
High and 4ow temperatures sama data laat yaar: 70 and 43.
Baromatar raadtag at f:IO ».» Ji.43. RelaUva humldltir at $M pj». U».
Ben H. Gray Sr., Abilene business man and resident here W years, died at 1:30 p m. Tuesday at Hendrick Memorial Hospital.
He had entered the hospital about 10 days ago and had undergone surgery.
Mr. Gray was owner and manager of Right Way Laundry, S09 Oak St.
Noted For Good Humor
A jovial man noted for his good humor and enthusiasm for sports, Mr. Gray was a favorite in the Abilene Kiwanis Club and in other circles of friends.
He was a dyed in the wool baseball fan who followed the Abilene Blue Sox through the sea.sons of their failures as well as their sue- i cesses. Football was a favorite sport, loo.
For years he had been ip the laundry business. Many years ago he worked for the old Fulwiler laundry. He and the late Orion Major became partners in Right Way Laundry in 1927. During World War II and the days of Camp Barkeley they also established the Supreme Cleaners and Laundry. The dissolved the partnership about eight years ago, with Mr. Gray becoming operator of Right Way and Mr. Major oi Supreme.
Recently he had taken a less active part in the company’i operation.
Ue and Mrs. Grey owned « sum-
BEN H. GRAY. SB.
, . . longtime civic worker
mer home at Buffalo Gap, and maintained their Abilene residence at 2048 Marshall St.
In his younger years, Mr Gray carried heavy responsibilities in the First Methodist Church of which he was a member at the time of his death.
For many years he was superintendent of the Sunday School. He also was a member of the board of
Set BEN GRAY, Pg. 2-A, CeL t
In the governor.ship battle G, Mennen (Soapy) Williams was far ahead for an unprecedented third term.
Ma.ssachusetts returns, still incomplete, gave Democrat Foster Furculo an edge of more than 40,-000 votes over Sen. Leverett Sal-tonstall in another senatorial contest watched by the nation.
Veteran Sen. Matthejv Neely of West Virginia forged to victory, while in Kentucky former Vice President Alben W. Barkley took a sizable lead over Republican Sen. John Sherman Cooper. Bark-l^v ch'med victory but Cooper declined to concede.
Democrats were ahead, too, in key governorship races—by a 50,-OOO-vote margin in Massachusetts and by 27.000 in Ohio.
The Republican gubernatorial candidate was running ahead in Wisconsin.
In the first major contest decided, Delaware rejected a last-minute personal appeal by President Eisenhower and went Democratic straight down the line.
Democratic Sen. J. Allen Frear Jr. trounced Herbert B. Warbur-ton in the Senate race. Eisenhower had endorsed Warburton.
In addition, Democrats took a House seat from the Reublican column in Delaware. The winner was Harris B. McDowell Jr., who defeated the Republican incumbent. Mrs. Lillian I. Martin.
The second Republican House defeat came in Indiana, where former Democratic Rep. Winfield K. Denton staged a comeback pd unseated Republican D. Bailey Merrill.
The third House overturn was registered in New York, where Herbert Zelenlto, a Democrat-Liberal, captured the seat which Rep. Jacob K. Javits, Republican-Liberal. left to run for New York attorney general on the Ives ticket.
Bender Takes Lead in Ohio
COLUMBUS. Ohio. Nov. 2 «JA-A see-saw battle was being wag-tonight by Democrat Sen. Thomas A Burke and Republican Rep. George H. Bender in the Ohio election contest for U. S. senator.
The lead in the tight race chanfh ed hands for the second túne with Burke taking a plurality of 4,^ votes.
Then, within the hour. Bender pulled back into Ü» lead.
With 4,708 polling places of 11.-347 reporting. Bendei had 485.&Í7, Burke.