Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - November 2, 1954, Abilene, Texas
Fair Play Code Signed, but How Mud's Piled Upf
By ARTHUR EDSON WASHINGTON. Nov. 1 OB-On Sept. 14 the national chairmen of both parties met and solemnly pledged that this would be a clean, no-name-calling campaign.
Everything was to be as pure as snow. No personal vilification, no character defamation, no scurrilous attacks, no malicious or unfounded accusations, no distorting or misrepresenting the facts about any candidate.
Republican Leonard Hall said: ‘‘It is an admirable pledge. It should be seriously and earnestly supported.”
Democrat Stephen Mitchell said: ‘‘I am proud to conform to it.” Well, that was seven long weeks ago, and if there ever was a com
pletely forgotten pledge, this appears to be it.
Since Sept. 14:
The President has been accused of speaking ‘‘thoughtlessly and carelessly” and thereby putting out ‘‘standard Communist propaganda.”
His opponent in the presidential race two years ago has been accused of being ‘‘hysterical, scurrilous and vicious” and weak in his attitude toward Communists in government. He also has been described as one who operates on a ‘‘ward heeler level.”
The vice president has been called a slanderer, a liar and a snow white. He also is described as McCarthy in a white collar.
A Cabinet officer in New Deal
days has been accused (rf possible perjury, of being blind in the presence of bribery and of union busting.
And so on and on.
Put on your hip boots, and we’ll see what happened after the boys took the pledge.
Everything was fairly serene for four days. Then it broke on both fronts.
Adlai Stevenson, speaking in Indianapolis, was critical of words that had been used by Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, by Sen. Jenner (R-Ir.d) and by Atty. Gen. Brownell who, Steven.son said, ‘‘impugned the very loyalty” of Harry S. Truman.
Then, without saying exactly whom he had in mind, Stevenson
berated those “demagogues who rely on defamation, deceit and double talk” to grab power.
Hall promptly cried foul. Stevenson. he said, apparently had “tired of straddling his pedestal” and had “stepped down to the ward heeler level of the discredited Truman administration.”
On the .same day, Sept. 18, in Huron, S.D., Nixon was quoted (inaccurately, as it turned out) as saying the GOP has “kicked the Communists out of government not by the hundreds but by the thousands.”
Mitchell promptly cried foul. “An utter falsehood,” he said.
A play-back of a tape recording showed Nixon actually had said: “We’re kicking the Communists
and fellow travelers and security risks out of the government, not by the hundreds but by the thousands.”
Informed, of tlie exact wording of what Nixon had said. Mitchell refused to back down. “Mr. Nixon is not being honest with the American people,” he said. “When Mr. Nixon conglomerates Communists, fellow travelers and security risks in one group, he i.s playing a dishonest game of words to give a false impression.”
On Oct, 5 Mitchell described Nixon as the “chief slanderer of the Democratic party and the civil service.”
During his coast-to-coast tour Nixon repeatedly has said that a Democratic vote is a vote for the
“left wing elements.”
He put it this way in Pocatello, Idaho, Oct. 25:
“If the Democrats win control of Congress, it will give a tremendous boost to the left wing elements within the party.” The left wing, he said, is the group led by “men like Mr. Truman, Mr. Stevenson and Mr. Mitchell.”
And in Phoenix. Ariz., he said: “If the left wing gets back into power, these discharged security risks will get back their jobs.”
It was Oct. 22, while speaking in Milwaukee, that Stevenson called Nixon snow white.
“It looks as though,” Stevenson said, “the great crusade under the leadership of snow white”—(in his prepared text he had said, “under
the leadership of the vice president of the United States”)—“is going to end up this criticM congressional campaign on the elevated note of subversion, perversion and denunciation of former President Truman. I suppose that’s what they call McCarthyism in a white collar.”
Nixon’s reply: “Mr. Stevenson not only testified for Alger Hiss, but he has never yet made a forthright statement deploring the terrible damage that Hiss and others like him did to America.”
On Oct. 29 President Eisenhower said during his four-city, one-day campaign that the unemployed in 1940 and 1950 got jobs—in war plants,
“I am quite sure,” he said.
“that Americans don’t want to pay for any pseudo or false prosperity in the blood of their sons and brothers on the battlefields ... We won’t go to war to get work.** Stevenson replied the next night: “Not just the vice president and the Republican campaigners, but now the President himself has affirmed the proposition that our prosperity has been achieved in the past only at the price of war and bloodshed.
“This of course has been standard Communist propaganda for years... I am sure the President must have spoken thoughtlessly and carelessly.”
Nixon’s reply to the reply: “A hysterical, scurrilous and vicious’* attack on the president.
Give TiMVntt«! WayMWlene ^Reporter MORNING"WITHOUT OR WI1H OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIV, NO. 136Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER 2, 1954—TWENTY TWO PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PltlCE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc
Juror Asked To Quit Trial Of Sheppard
CLEVELAND. Nov. I — The .state today asked that James R. Manning be thrown off the jury sworn to try Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard for the slaying of his wife. It said Manning failed to reveal a crime in his past.
The defense immediately lodged a challenge — not an objection — and said it wanted proof that Manning was a sex offender 11 years ago at the age of 27.
With the defense prepared to go all out on the legal issue, the trial was recessed over Election Day until Wednesday.
Defense Attorney William J. Corrigan said he did not think Manning could rightfully be unseated, but refused to say whether be would press for a mistrial if he is.
Corrigan didn’t say he wouldn’t, however.
A mistrial would hold things up for weeks and require the drawing of a whole new jury panel.
Sheppard, 30-year-old osteopath, is accused of beating his wife, Marilyn, 31, to death last July 4, He faces the electric chair if convicted. She was four months pregnant with her second child.
In maintaining his innocence. Sheppard claimed a bushy haired stranger killed his wife in their bedroom and left him unconscious.
Two alternate jurors were seated during the first day of the trial’s third week.
The first. Jack H. Hansen, a powerfully built foreman for a tractor firm, is in line for Manning’s seat if the latter is ousted.
The second and final alternate was Mrs. Lois H. Mancini, a dark
Battle for Congress Ends at Polls Today
distinguished doctors—Queen Mother Elizabeth and West German ChtOcellor Konrad Adenauer, capped and gowned, chat before receiving honorary Doctor of Laws degree in New York. The two visitors from abroad were honored at Columbia University. (/P)
Eisenhower Urges Everyone to Vote
WASHINGTON. Nov. 1 —President Eisenhower said tonight that no American can “sit out” tomorrow’s election for control of con-and pretty housewife, mother of i gross.
two small daughters.
Manning’s pastor, the Rev. G. R. Naumann, said the dapper real estate agent was anxious to get off the jury “without any commotion, if that can be done — with as little difficulty as possible,”
In a television broadcast with Mrs. Eisenhower sitting at his side, the President said that anybody who docs not vote in the election tomorrow takes a chance of having a minority of the people decide the issues for them.
“There is no such thing as sitting out an election,” Eisenhower declared.
He added that “if you do not: vote for what you believe in” it I
is easily possible tor minorities to | week that disgruntled liberal Dem-
Indiiierence Marks State Campaigning
By THE AS.SOCIATED PRESS Minus any red-hot issues, Texans took Tuesday’s general election indifferently for the most part.
Both Republicans and Democrats were having trouble stirring up interest for their candidates.
The 11 proposed amendments to the state Constitution brought no ■ big outcry, pro or con. 1
Prediction is that only 5(X),000' Texans—less than one-third of the state’s eligible voters— will bother to go to the polls.
There are more than candidates or proposed amendments at stake. The votes cast for the Republican and Democratic candidates for governor will go a long way toward determining Texas’ delegate strength in the 1956 national party conventions when presidential candidates are chosen.
Rumors Just Rumors Texas' conservative Democrats want to have a big say in that choice.
There were rumors in the past
Democrats Still Claiming Victory
WASHINGTON, Nov. 1 (/P)—The 1954 battle for Congress eniied tonight in a last angry flareup of charges and retorts, and the finale is being coupled with personal ap-
iteals from President Eisenhower and Adlai E. Stevenson or a big vote in tomorrow’s national election.
As the day of decision approached, Democrats .still forecast they would capture control of both houses of Con-I gress. But Republicans claimed increasing hope of bucking the usual off-year reaction and repeating their 1952
;he slow-to-start cam
paign, II disii
marked In the beginning
PREACHER STREET CLOSED
Board Okays Grape Street Intersection for Stores
The long dispute over retail zoning for the Grape St. and Eighth St. intersection came to at least a temporary end .Monday night as the City Planning and Zoning Commission unanimously pa.ssed a plan to classify it as Zone F (Local retail).
Now classified in the zone F are the northwest quarter of Block F, Parramore Subdivi.sion; lots 1, 2. and 3, A. Thomas Subdivision; lots 11. 12, 28. 29. and a small portion of land lying betwt^en lot 29 and North Eighth St.; this being the four corners of the intersection of North Eighth St. and Grape St. t Other Issues Passed Two more issues were passed
l> t. DtPARTMENT OF rOMMKRCE
ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly tioudy Tuesday and Wedneaday Continued rool High Tuesday 58, Low fues day niiitt 35
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS - Partly cloudy and a little colder Tuesday Wednesday cloudy with rain and no In.por-lant temperature chaniea.
WEST TEXAS — Mostly cloudy with some U«ht rain Tuesttay or Tuesday iiithi. Wedneaday conajderable cloudi-nesa.
E \ST TEXAS — Tuesday partly cloudy, colder in interior. Wedneaday mostly ekiud)
SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS - Tuesday mostly cloudy with occasional ram. Wedneaday cloudy with ram
,50 .. 50
48 .. 48 ..
51 . 54 . M . 5« . 81
..... 230 ------
.......3 30 ......
....... 5.30 ......
6 30 ......
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.Men. r M.
High and low teinperaturea tor 24 hours ended at 6:30; 62 and 45 High and h»w temperalurea same date lost year: 72 and 46 _ . .
Sunset last night 5:4» p. m. SLitrlae to-day ^ a. m- Sunaet tonight 5:40 p. m. Baremeter readmg at #:30 p. « » RclaUve humidtty t:36 p. m. 44%.
and will be presented to tlie City Commission. They were:
The reclassifying of lots 9, 10, and 17 block seven, park Heights Addition, from Zone B (two family residence) to Zone F (local retail).
And the reclassifying of all the area along North First St. between Orange St., and Grape St. extending northward to the alley; this being all of lots 4-15 Inclusive in blocks 79, 118 and 154 of the original town of Abilene. They were asked to be changed from Zone G (commercial) to Zone H (central business).
Petitions were asked to be presented by John Hutchinson and Mrs. George Smith.
Hutchinson requested a public hearing on the reclassification of a tract of land at the northwest corner of Ambler Ave. and Cedar St. from residential zone to a commercial zone.
Public Hearing Asked
Mrs. Smith requested a public hearing on the recla-ssification of the land at 410 Graham St, from two family residential to apartment which would enable her to establish a nursing home on that location.
0. (L Johnson was granted a second hearing on reclassifying the premises at 1373 Graham St. from residential to a local retail area.
The commission in the subdivision department approved two p1at.s.
Plat of section tliree, Lytle Shores and preliminary plat of Woodlawn Addition, providing the latter complies with new regulations.
A motion presented to close Preacher St., carried unanimously.
All 10 members of the commission were present for the lesiion.
take over and establish policy for the next two years and possibly long beyond that.
The President, who was introduced by Vice President Nixon as a man who had “restored real dignity and responsibility to the highest office in the land,” said the American voters now’ sit as judges on the two major political parties and that their “decision is not an easy one.”
The President noted that many churches offer special prayers for the welfare, prosperity, safety and peace of the United States. He said that in one church, which he did not name, he recently found prayer books which asked for divine guidance on Election Day. That was an excellent idea, the President said.
Addressing himself to the voters, the President said they “inescapably” must participate in tomorrow’s balloting, either “positively or negatively.”
Thank you for paving your corrter promptly ot the first of each month for your Reporter-News. His earnings depend upon his collecting from every subscriber, poying his bill, the rt-moinder being his profit.
ocrats, whose candidate, Ralph Yarborough, lost in the primary runoff, would vote Republican to weaken tfie chances of Gov. Allan Shivers (rf carrying the state convention in 1956.
However, these remained rumors. Monday, Yarborough announced he would vote for Shivers in the general election.
“I will vote a straight Democratic ticket as I promised during the primary campaigns,” Yarborough said.
If the Republicans don’t gather 200,(X)0 votes for their candidate for governor. Tod Adams of Crockett, they won’t have to hold a primary in 1936.
200,000 Needed Dr. Howard G. Swann, chairman of the Galveston County Republican Executive Committee, hit the problem when he told a GOP meeting in Galveston last Saturday: “We must get out 200,000 voters to insure the two-party system in Texas and to increase the number of state delegates to the national convention.”
Local races have stirred up some interest.
Zapata County in far South Texas has full slates of Democratic and Republican candidates. Chero-
See ELECTION, Pg. 9-A. Col. 3
CHECKING ON THE OPPOSITION—Averell Harriman, Democratic candidate for governor of New York, watches his Republican opponent, Irving Ives, on television in New York. Both appeared on the same radio-television program but they did not meet face to face. (Æ0
Stevenson Flays President's Talk
NEW YORK. Nov. 1 (^Adali Stevenson tonight assailed “politi-
day there are those w’ho strive to make political capital out of that
cians who even attempt to make | same war, yes and out of the free
a partisan issue of war and peace —who would have us believe that one party is less desirous of peace than another.”
In an election eve speech over the CBS radio network, the Democratic party head said, “We are, I fear, reaching new depths in the pursuit of office.”
President Eisenhower, in the course of his four-city speaking tour Friday, repeatedly stated the theme that the Republican parly has provided peace as well as prosperity, and was decreasing unem*. ployment without war booms.
“We won’t go to war in order to get work,” the President said in Cleveland.
Stevenson. Democratic presidential candidate in 1952, said: “In the healthy mood and national unity of a decade ago no one was minded to make politics out of war. But today it is different; to-
STILL VERY ANTI-AMERICAN
Russions Quiz Texon Abouf U.S. While on Soviet Tour
By ELIZABETH CARPENTViR Reporter-News Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Nov. 1 - “The Russian people are full of questions about the United States but it is hard to tell whether we are really getting anywhere with them or not,” Rep. 0. C. Fisher of San Angelo, just back from a 17-day tour of the Soviet, said today in an interview with The Abilene Reporter-News.
“Everywhere we went from school hoires to aaricultural fairs, the people asked lots of questions about the United Stales,” Fisher said.
He was accompanied on the trip by Rep. Laurie Battle (D-Ala.)
The Texan gamed the impression that the people have more liberties than they did before StaUn’f
death. Soviet propaganda has changed, too,
“It is still very anti-American. but there is less criticism of France and Britain.” he said. “Great emphasis is put on their friendship with Communist China and India.”
Fisher warned that the U. S. must not be lulled into thinking that Russia has changed at heart, however.
Keep Military Might “It’s important that we keep up our military' rnlght, for they have a great respect for strength,” he said, noting that he was unable to determine whether the Russian armament program has let-up any.
“All military posts are off-bounds for visitors. We couldn’t tell whether they are steadily building up their «rmaments or
levelling off. But you do see many men in uniform on the streets,’’ he said.
The questions about the U. S. put to Fisher and Battle covered everything from sheep to politics.
Asked About Sheep
At a farm fair, a sheep raiser swamped Fisher with questions about U.S. sheep breeds, raising, care, and output of wool.
Fisher, whose district has the largest slieep population in the I S,, was surprised at the size of the sheep which were being shown at the fair. ^
In one schoolroom which the two congressmen visited, they were asked many questions about whether the school children in the U S. are requited to attend achool,
See FISHER. Pf. i-A. Col. 4
world’s heroic resistance to Communist aggre.ssion in Korea, the greatest collective effort in history.”
“More serious still,” Stevenson continued, “these people would divide us on the matter of peace, for partisan advantage. They would have you believe that the que.st for peace is peculiar to but one of our political parties.
“The cessation of hostilities in Korea on terms laid down during a Democratic administration is represented as a partisan achievement of the Republicans.”
Steven.son said the “supposed transition from war to peace is used to explain and excuse unemployment and economic hardship. But who can truthfully say that this is ‘peace’ when there are three and a half million men under arms, and our government spends more for defense today than we were spending at the height of the Korean War?”
He asked, “Is it to enlighten or confuse us that Republican spokesmen speak of a war-to-peace transition that does not exist?”
The Democratic leader said the question of whether it would be best for the country to have a Republican President and a Democratic Congress “has troubled many thoughtful people and it deserves a sober answer.”
Stevenson said he believed a Democratic Congress would “bring closer together the United States and its allies.”
Sixth Cold Front Due in Town Today
Abilene is due to feel the blunt of its sixth cold front within the past week Tuesday afternoon.
Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport said Monday night that the cold front ii moving toward Abilene trom the north and Is expected to drop temperatures about five degrees.
Tuesday night’s low reading is due to hover around the 35-degret mark.
Counly Ballol Has 4 Races, Amendmenls
Four contested state offices and II proposed amendments to the State Constitution of Texas will be voted on by Taylor County Voters Tuesday.
Only conte.sted offices listed on the ballot are those of U. S. senator, congre.ssman at large, governor and slate commissioner of agriculture.
Question of a successor to the late State Senator Harley Sadler could be decided in the general election.
If any person receives a plurality through write-in votes he would be elected to the office.
Voting places in Abilene are:
Precinct Number Voting Place.
Th( ^ ^ .
at least by a good deal oi disinterest on the part of the voters, heated up considerably in the final days and wound up in a verbal slugfest between the GOP top command and Democratic leader Stevenson.
Today the White House branded “ridiculous” a charge by Stevenson, who was his party’s 1952 presidential candidate, that Republican campaigners from Eisenhower down have embraced a “standard Communist propaganda” line,
Slevenson said in a New York ^ speech Saturday night that “the i President himself has affirmed” the theme sounded by Nixon and other GOP orators—that “our prosperity in the past has been achieved only at the price of war and bloodshed.”
Maine Won't Vote So ends the struggle for control of the 84th Congress—4he legislature with which Eisenhower will have to work through his second two years in office.
Tomorrow in all states except Maine, which votes ahead of everybody else in congressional elections, some 45 million Americans are expected to make their decision known at the polling places.
Thirty-seven senators in 34 states are to be elected, plus a Nebraska senator to serve until the new Congress meets next Jan. 3. Maine already has reelected GOP Sen.
Margaret Chase Smith.
In the House, 432 of the 435 seats are at stake. Maine already has chosen three Republican representatives.
33 Govemon Up Finally, along with a liost of other state and local officials, 33 governors are to be elected. There, too, Maine has sp(4ien first—picking a Democratic governor in its Sept, 13 election.
In the closing days of the 83rd Congress, Republicans held a skin-of-their-teeth majority of one in the Senate and a scarcely weightier margin of three in the House.
The weather promised to be chilly in most of the country. The U. S. Weather Bureau said a cold air mass from Canada is sending temperatures down toward the “early winter” level, with no big storms in sight but a cnance of snow flurries in some northern areas and occasional rain in the East.
Campaign Heat Rises
In general, the heat of the campaign has risen while the mercury dropped.
For weeks most neutrals figurcxl the Democrats a cinch to win the House and quite possibly the Senate, too. The Republicans admitted they themselves were running scared. But in the past week or 10 days they started running so hard they began to scare the Democrats.
Eisenhower himself plunged headlong into the campaign—touring critical states by air. cruising the streets of New York by car, personally telephoning rank-and-file voters in the hope of starting a chain reaction of jingling GOP phone belli.
Democrats countered with what they called a “walkathon.” urging their faithful to use shoe leather instead of the telephone to get out tho YOtO.
Fire station, 5th & Butternut. Fire station. 11th & Meander Fair Park.
Boy Scout Hdqs Elmwood West Fire station. Gold Star Dorm, McM Bowie School.
Cedar St. Fire station
10 Woodson School
11 Fire station, ACC.
12 Orange St, Fire station.
13 Fannin School,
14 North Park School.
15 McGliHhlin Car Barn.
16 Hamby School House.
17 American Legion Club.
18 Potosi School.
19 Wylie School Gym
20 Caps Store, Caps.
21 Tye School. Tye.
22 McCartney Home. Tye-Merkel
23 Drummond Home, Caps-Mer-kel.
24 Welfare Office, Merkel.
25 W’illiamson Hardware. Trent
26 Mrs. Pat Addison. Blair.
27 Tabernacle, Butman.
28 Brick Store, View.
29 Duncan Home. Ibt'ris.
30 County Barn. Buffalo Gao
31 First State Bank, Tust'ola.
32 Old Bank Building, Ovalo.
33 County Barn, Guioti.
34 School House, Shep.
35 Old Bank Building, Bradshaw,
36 City Hall, Lawn.
37 Rogers School, Jim Ned Community.
38 Coffman Home. Lisman.
SICTION A Obituorloi ........
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