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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 2, 1944, Abilene, Texas MORNING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT yOL. LXIV, NO. 137 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, THURSDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 2, 1944-EIGHTEEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Supplies Near Antwerp Several U. S. Ships Damaged in Fight Tokyo Says City Bombed By The Associated Press Tokyo radio reported that U. S. Superfortress bombers struck for the first time at Japan's sprawling and highlj inflammable capital city yesterday. There was no U. S .confirmation of the report, which said the bombers probably came from the Marianas islands fthere there are American airfields miles from Japan It would be the first raid on Tokyo since Lt. Gen. James H Doolittle's B-25s hit the city April 18, 1942, and the seventh Superfortress attack on the Nipponese, homeland. Damage to "several" United States warships of (he Third Seventh Fleets during battles in Philippines waters Oct, 22-27 was reported by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz last night, The Navy previously had announced that six American noi-rior Prhirptnn twn p.qrnrt carriers, two light carrier Princeton, two escort carriers, two destroyers and a destroyer gjcort were sunk in the ac lions that cost the Japanese at least 60 warcraft sunk .or damaged. Names of the damaged American chips were not revealed for such would be of interest to He enemy. Nimitz' communique also report ed American aerial attacks on Jap- anese bases from Paramushlro, in the Kurile islands of northeast Ja- pan, to the Marshall'lslands in the Pacific. On Leyte island in the Philippines United States 24th division anc first cavalry division troops pushed ahead in their enveloping .acting against Carigara, strongly defend- :i Japanese .point islands, rrorth coast. Gen. Douglas MacArthur to- day reported that the 24th di- vision, moving toward Carigara from the south, smashed heavy enemy counter-attacks while rflhe first cavalry made progress on the toirn from Hie cast. MacArthur said the Japanese were fightinE to keep open an escape .route south toward Ormoc. 'ifth U. S. Air Force fighter planes Navy PT boats struck at enemy supply and reinforcement activities at Ormoc, sinking a small freighter and a lugger and destroying a big ammunition dump in the area. The Americans had the official ilp o.f Filipino guerrillas who were classified as a 'recognized military force" in a proclamation by Sergio Osmena, president of the Philippine commonwealth. In China, Liang Han-Chao, mm- .'Her of information, told foreign correspondents the recent recall of Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell to Wash- ington was a "military therefore Generalissimo Chiang Kai- shek's government would have no statement on the subject. JLiang said there was no political Issue involved in Stilwell's recall. Chinese censorship rigidly blacked out any news reference from Chungking .concerning the resignation of Clarence E. Mjuass, 1J. S. ambassador to 'China. The resignation was announced Tuesday by Presi- dent Hooscvclt, who said the diplomat's act had no connec- tion with Stiiwell's recall. Tlie Japanese broadcasters' con- Acting accounts of the Superfort- ress attack on the Kanto region, location of Tokyo and Yokohama, indie iteri they were as confused as factory workers, the latter were de- scribed as having "lost their calm- Jss" during the sky giants' visit. Enemy reports on the number of attacks varied from one plane to "several." One broadcaster even said the planes dropped no bombs A Japanese imperial communique Slimed that Nipponese assault landed on the north cnast of Pclellu island in the group October 28, in a counter- thnisi, at American forces which in- vaded the Island early in Septem- ber. There w.is no United Stales confirmation of this enemy as- sault on releliu, where the Americans were officially re- ported October 20 to be mopping up enemy holding out mountain .caves. -Tlie Tokyo radio also broadcast a. Manila dispatch which said that Japanese war planes sank an Allied cruiser yesterday during a rait! on Allied shipping in Lcyte gulf. This was not an imperial headquarters denouncement, nor was the attack mentioned by American officials. The Japanese propagandist beam' Sec PACIFIC, Pg. 2, Col. 7 Chinese Decline To Comment On Stilwell Move CHUNGKING, Nov. sudden recall to Washington of Gen. Joseph W. SUlvreil was called a purely military matter today by the Chinese minister of information, Liang Han-Chao, who said that for that reason there would be no-Chi- comment on the action. News of--the'reaction here to the resignation of U. Ambassador Clarence E. Gauss was held up by strict Chinese censorship. Rumors purveyed as fact are cur- rent that the American attitude on the question of the over-all Allied command in China is unchanged and :hat Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley. President Roosevelt's representative here, renewed the original proposals after Stilwell's departure. (Writing the inside story of the Stilwcll-Chiang Kai-shek affair. As- sociated Press Correspondent Pres- :on Grover cabled from New Delhi, India, Tuesday that the American jroposals included a request that Chiang reorganize his cabinet and eliminate -reactionary obstruction- sts and anti-foreign members, and .hat an American general be placed n' command of Chinese operations lot only in Burma but elsewhere n major operations against the Japanese. (Also, Grover said, Chiang was advised that there was much dis- appointment over the failure of the ihinese central government to come o an agreement with the commun- sts in tlie north so that both forces ould be brought together against he Japanese in At a press conference of foreign today, information Minister I.iang said in reply to a luestion that Stilwell's recall "is a nllltary change of mili- ary we have no tatenient to make." "There is no political issue, a correspondent asked. injected Dr. K. c. Wu, for- eign office spokesman "President Roosevelt made that clear." With Chinese censorship restric- tion increasing, Liang denied a sug- gestion, however, that the govern- ment had taken the position that if the correspondents did not like Nelson Plans Return Trip ToAid China WASHINGTON, Nov. 1 Donald M. Nelson President Roosevelt's produc tion trouble-shooter, is slatec to return to China soon help step up munitions pro duetion. The White House evi dently believes the Stilwel affair has ..not prejudiced his chances for success. In fact, it was learned today thai some of the arrangements previous- ly made for invigorating China's war effort are believed not to have been upset by the president's recal of Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell at the re- quest of Generalissimo Chiang Kai- shek. That is the interpretation author- itatively placed on Mr. Roosevelt's emphatic assertion that the trouble was a clash of personalities on the part of the general and the gen- eralissimo and that policy anc strategy Issues were not involved There arc several such issues in- volved in the Chinese situation riowever, and the -progress made in solving them can be reported on the highest authority as developing along these lines: Before Nelson' and. Maj. Gen, Patrick J. Hurley went to China two months ago Chiang Kai-shek had fully agreed that sh'pulti nave an American.'-combat com.! mander.' He had 'agreed, despite ong record of past differences, that .hat commander should be Genera.1 Stilwell. Stilwell's recall did not change the' principle but merely the man. -Pre- sumably, if the shifting strategy of :he war still calls for major com- bat use of Chinese forces at this itago of fighting Maj. Gen. A. .C. Wedsmeyer, or some one agreed up- on by him and Chaing, will still :ake the command. Tlie president1 sent Hurley to China as his special representative with direct access to the White House. Tlie Chinese wanted it that vay. The situation reflected a Breakdown in the diplomatic fuuc- ions which should have been exer- :iscd by Ambassador Clarence E. whose relations with the Chinese were limited to formalities. Now as part of Mr. Roosevelt's lean sweep of top American as- ignments in Chungking, Gauss is omlng home to stay. President on Air n Talk Tonight WASHINGTON. Nov. 1 -IIP] President Roosevelt begins his fi- nal drive for a fourtli term tomor- row night with a 15-minute radio talk from the White House. Tlie address, part of a half-hour Democratic program starting at 8 p. in., CWT, will be broadcast by NBC. The subject lias not been' announced. Another address Saturday night' in Boston, a talk to Hyde Park i neighbors election eve, and several informal appearances on the New .England tour round out the presi- the situation they could get out of dent's pre-election political calen- WHERE TOKYO REPORTS 'ENEMY closeup of [he Tokyq-Yokahama section of Japan, where Tokyo radio reported an 'enemy raid' Nov. 1, is shown above. Broadcasts were vague, but Tokyo mentioned appearance of "several four-motored bombers." (AP the country. I dar. House Damaged A trailer house belonging to Pat John Grosball parked in the West Texas Fair grounds was damaged by fire last night. The alarm was re- ceived by firemen at p. m. kerosene stove caused the fire, tlrcmcii said. PAT ON THE BACK FOR LT. GEN. Douglas MacArthur (left) embraces Lt. Gen. Walter Knte- Rcr, commander of ground forces in the Philippines, after American troops made successful landings on Leytc island during the first hours of the Philippine invasion, (AP Wire- HOUSTON, Nov. regents of the Univer- sity of Texas discharged Dr. Homer P. Kaincy as president of the school tonight and after that all but three of them resigned. The three still on the Lufcher Stark of Orange and Mrs. :I. D. Fairchild of Lufkin, whose terms expire in fanuary, and Dr. C. O. Terrell of Fort Worth who was ap- >ointcd early today. When the regents started conferring here Friday numer- us observers predicted that they would follow the course nade public tonight. Announcement of the discharge of President Rainey was liade by Leo P. Haynes, secretary of the board, who con- lucted newsmen inio the empty room where conferences hail been held and read from a resolution adopted by the board. II. II. Wclncrt nf Scguin was the first to quit. He walked out of the regents meeting at p. in. Jind announced that he iiad resigned be- cause "I am not in physical con- dition to stand any more of this." Wcincrt tofd newsmen that he had notified the office of Governor Stevenson that he was resigning. Jamming his hat on his licud he entered an elevator, refusing to an- swer further questions by reporters. The regents named Dr. T. S. Painter, university biologist as act- ing president. Dr. Raincy's dismissal was effec- tive us of Nov. 1. The board of regents and Dr. Rainey met across the conference t.abin late today for tlie first time since their differences were openly rci in thn university president's statement about them. i V. iln mem wn.s Dr. Alton J. Bur- dun.', vice president of the univer- Tlie conference came at the end of day filled witli conferences be- tween tlie regents and the faculty ccnimittec of the university, con- ferences between the regents and the alumni committee, ant] confer- ence fcctwmi Dr. R.iinry rind the two committees. The rsgcnts and Dr. Uaincy held their conferences on the same floor of n downtown hotel. During the dav various committee members cir- culated hack and forth from tlie regents' meeting r.oom to tlie rcom whrrc Dr. Rainey held forth. Reds Thrust To 33 Miles Of Budapest LONDON, Thursday, Nov. 2 The Red army thrust within 33 miles of Bud- apest yesterday in a great drive rolling rapidly north- westward across the Hungar- ian plain between the Danube and Tisza rivers. Armored spearheads un- doubtedly already were even nearer to the imperilled Hun- garian capital as the midnight Moscow communique an- nounced definite capture of the railway town of Lajos- mizse, only 33 miles south- east, along witli more than 100 other communities in the marsh-clotted flatlands be- tween the rivers. Among: these was Kecskemet gerat railway junction point and last major defense bastion 44 miles southeast of Budapest. The Collegians will run off the 1943 Sugar bowl eleven. Kecskemet fell after 4 hours of :ieavy street fighting during which the Russians also pushed past the city on both sides. Tlie Germans contended tills by- lassing was what finally forced ;hem to abandon Kecskemet, but Land Route Cut 325 Miles With Landing LONDON, Thursday, Nov. shipping al. ready lias entered the three-mile-wide Schelde river estuary, with supplies bound for the great Belgian port of Antwerp, the Berlin radio said early today. This reported movement of shipping toward the ant port which is expected to supply future Allied thrusts into Germany came as triple assault forces stalked the last Germans within gunshot of the vital 50-mile long inland waterway. "German E-boats attacked enemy shipping in the Schelda. was the way the Berlin radio stated the situation, "and destroyed one vessel of tons and a small gunboat. The enemy broadcast was the first indication that sup- plies had started moving into the estuary to build up stores :he Russitms through the also city thrust straight of and northwestward another 11 miles up the railway toward Budapest, They also announced capture of Kercke- gyhazn, 10 miles west of Kecskmct on a spur railway, and Ujkecske, 17 miles ncrtlieast of the Kecskmet- Szolnpk line. Thus'ttiey had a firm grip on the rail and highway network for Hie continuing'.drive to Budapest. The Soviet secondary drive in northeast Hungary more than 100 miles from Budapest also made progress during the day. It swept-up more than 40 com- munities, including the towns of Zsurk and Zahony at (ho Czechoslovak border opposite Cop, indicating n probable .innc- tlon with tlie other armies that have moved west- ward across the breadth of east- ern Czechoslovakia. The Moscow communique which announced these gains nlso repeat- id an curlier order of the dny from 'rc-mir-r Stalin on final clearance of h enemy frcm the Pctsnmo region )f Arctic Finland, but said nothing f the Polish, cast and vest Latvian sectors of the long iiistcrn front. It made clear, however, tii.it a ilg-scale drive across the plains of iungar.v was progressing steadily oward il.s goal, Budapest. Kecskemet was the last important larrier in that open country. Another Germans :uul Hungarians were raptured in tlutt campaign Tuesday, bring- ing (lie total bag to more tlian since the offensive Moscow said. While the Rus- sians have not mentioned the starting rlntc, Berlin has snid it was Sunday. Besides Kecskemet, which thn Germans acknowledged in rulvnncc (they lost niter a hard liousr-to- house fipht, the Russians reported tlie capture of Kcskoros, railway junction town 30 miles southwest of Kecskemet. DOCTOR UAINEY He Gets Boot Sgt. P. R. Units of 36th Get Citations For Bravery By The Associated Press Exceptional performance from May 25 to June 26 in the 240-mile push from An- zio beachhead through Rome to the hills of Pisa has brought unit citations for the 141st, 142nd and 143rd infantry re- giments of the 36th Texas di- vision from Maj. Gen. John E. Danlquist, division com- mander, the Seventh Army public relations officer. in France reported. "In the monumental 29-day said the citation for the Hist, "the Hist regiment broke through stub- born enemy resistence in the key city of Velletri. Carrying out or- ders implicitly and coordinating movements skillfully, tlie regiment reached the outskirts of Rome on June 4 and on the following day nnvecl in the triumphal march through tlie Eternal City. "Without relaxing tlie tightening grip nn the demoralized enemy, the drive continued forward despite icnvy losses In material until the 240-mile advance was concluded on .he hish ground commanding the npproafhrs tn Piza." In the I42iid'r, citation, special nention was made of an attack on vlount ArtemiMo. "The mountain, located behind lie enemy stronghold of he citation read, "was seized and h'fpmicd against savage counter ittacks. This was all accomplish- in r-Tiite of a sudden change in ilans which prevented preliminary The 143rd regiment. General Janlqtlist's citation raid, "strllggl- Sce CITATIONS, PR. 2, Cnl. 8 Woman Killed DALLAS, Nov. 1. Chief Deputy Sheriff Bill Decker said i las woman v.ii.s killed this after loon when nn rastbtumd Texas 'ftcific tniin and a pick p truck lo.-Kl'Yl with lumber wen in collision nf. n grade for the eventual greaj offensive against the Reicljt itself. Tlie front lines facing Germany, and at many places lapping Into the fatherland, are but 75 miles easb of Antwerp. Until now Allied sup- plies have 400 miles by road and rail from Cherbourg or a slightly shorter distance from pre- fabricated beach harbors on ths Normandy channel coast. It appeared likely today, in view of the three cross-estuary emphibi- ous operations of Lt. Gen. H. D, Crear's troops, that probably halt of the Schelde, as far west as Hans- weert, already had been cleared ol enemy mines. Field dispatches last night said the big guns on island, at the western tip of the north rim of the Schelde, had been silent throughout the day. The gun positions have been re- pcatedly attacked by heavy bombers and dive some of which made raids yes- The island itself Is under attacH from the west, south and east. Royal-Marines landed at fcapclle yesterday morning after a violent -naval bombardment from the British Battleship Warspite, which used eight 15-inch guns, and the monitors Roberts and Erebus, each two 15-lnchers. Canadian infantry earlier had crossed the estuary from Brcskcns, after a heavy artillery barrage, and landed in the flooded streets Vlissingen (Flushing I largest city pop.) on the Island of 80 square miles. Other Canadian troops to the east crossed the causeway from south Beveland and estab- lished a bridgehead four miies east of the island's capital, Middleburg1, An NBC broadcast from Hol- land al midnight said "the town of Flushing is almost en- tirety in our hands." The Ger- man garrison there has been es- timated at about 600. Headquarters of Field Mar. shall Sir JBrrnnrri L. Montgom- ery reported the Walcheren op- eratlons making good progress. Information from Supreme Allied Headquarters at Paris said flooding of tlie island through air attacks hnd turned it into four separata tiny islnnds witli only the high points at Vlissingen, Westkapelle. the end of the causeway from south Beveland and another mound to tlie ncrth still above water. Tile threat to Antwerp from north definitely had vanished. Troops of the Britisli Second Army broadened their fotohold on the Mnas river in south central TUSCOLA, NOV. Paul R. Nail, son of Mr. and Mrs. James M. Nail near here, was killed in action Septt 22 in Prance, tlie par- enl.s were notified today by the war department. He entered service with the 36th division as a member of tlie na- tional guard In 1940 and served with the division through the Italian and Southern France campaigns. His. parents been tr Mississippi May Nullify Election JACKSON, Miss.. Nov. Attorneys said today n special leg- islative session called by Gov. Tbomns L. Bailey might have to rail n popular presidential elec- tion in Mi.sMs.sippi next Tuesday ,in order to eliminate three Demo- i said they believed he hart wllo ransfcrrcd recently and was pd (llry not voic for fighting along the southern sector i Roosevelt of tlie French-German frontier in; Thc 'nl electors al- tlie Mete arcn. 'ready have been printed on the We. was wounded In the Italian and one attorney, who do- campaign Feb. .1. use of his name, said the His sister, Pvt. Lois A. Nail, is i only feasible method of replacing serving with the WAC In Italy.' them now would be for the legls- Two brothers arc Sgt. Wesley M. Inturc to nullify the. present con- Nail of Bryan Army nlr field and Daniel Baker Nail, In Franco. method of electors and to elect nominating them itself. Holland to more than a mile and maintained relentless pressure against German rearguards. A spokesman for Lt. Gen. Sir Miles C. Dcmpscy, commander of (he Britisli Second Army, tacitly admitted that a skillful withdrawal from the Breda, pocket had saved the hulk of some German troops who for several days were threat- ened with entrapment. He said only enemy rearguards were left south of the Maas and that the main German 15th army now was fortifying a new Kot- tcrdam-Arnhcm defense line. British c o m m a n d o s swarmed See ANTWFRP, Tf. 2, Col. 6 The Weather BEPAIMMI-.ST OK COMMERCE WEATHER III'IIEAU Partly londv Thursday and Friday. Some. ihat 'cooler Thursday nlchl and Frl- r.AST TKXAS: Partly cloudy with little fhanse in temperature Thurs- V. Partly cloudy Thursday nlfhl and der In northwest portion, l-'ridaf partly cloudy, much folder in tloflli nil crnlral portion. .1VKST TK.XA.S: Partly i-lnuily Thura- lav, cooler in Panhandle Thursday afternoon and in Panhandle and South Thursday nlfht. Friday fair and colder. Wed. A.M. i tpnipcmturcs to It y, Illrh mid low name date year) I and .Vt. nlttht: morning; tonUM-, ;