Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 31, 1944, Abilene, Texas
BOND BOX SCORE
Chinee Pearl Harbor $16,975,990.75 May Quota $ 231,700 00
May Sales $ 117,863.25€fje Abilene ReporterFINAL■‘WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO TRU SDS OR TOTS WE SKI T Cli YOU EXACTLY AS COES.’-Bvr on -
« VOL. LXIII, NO. 348
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 31, 1944-TWELVE PAGES
Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P.I PRICE FIVE CENTS5TH BEATING AGAINST ROME LINE
NAZIS VOW IO SCORCH EARTH BEFORE DDAY ARMIES Coastal Town
LONDON, May 31—UP)—German propaganda pronouncements that the Nazis will apply the scorched earth policy ahead of Gen. Dwight D. 0 Eisenhower’s invasion armies coincided last night with an Allied firefighting talk to the European underground.
In the fifth of a series of broadcasts by supreme headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Force, a spokesman for Gen. Eisenhower told patriots across the channel to keep their fire control units ready because the fire danger in the battle zones would be great from bombs, artillery and “German incendiarism.”
0 The underground also was reminded to brush up on its first aid because "the war may well pass quickly and leave its casualties behind.”
* * *
As the German propaganda mill churned out its assortment of fact
and fancy, much of it obviously designed to bring fear to the waiting invasion forces, a roundabout and suspect report told of the killing of five American airmen in Germany “by agitated people.’’
This story came from the Berlin correspondent of the Stockholm newspaper Aftonbladet, who said it was told to him by “a traveller from Leipzig.”
The correspondent said he was informed a “storm of rage” broke out among German civilians Sunday, when American fighters allegedly strafed women and children, and that when five fliers parachuted to earth “German police were unable to save them.”
Two German planes, apparently on flights over Britain to have a look at invasion preparations, were shot down yesterday.
Fine invasion weather continued. High tide at Calais will come at 8:38 p. rn. tonight and 9:23 a. rn. tomorrow.
Fleets Scourge Europe
#Ploesli, Nazi 'Rail Hubs and ‘France Pelted
LONDON, May 31.—(UP) —Up to 3,500 invading Ameri-•can planes striking from Britain and Italy for the third consecutive day, bombed a Romanian oil refinery at Ploesti today, four German 0railyards tunnelling traffic to the incessantly attacked French invasion coast and an enemy air base in the old French Maginot line.
^ The air base was near Mul-* house, just north of Switzerland.
The rail yards were at Hamm; Osnabruck; Sehwerte, IO miles southeast of Dortmund; and Soest, IS miles southeast of Hamm. The force from Britain ^ numbered between 250 and 500 Fortresses and Liberators and 1.200 fighters.
From 5C0 to 750 U. S. heavy Jmnu-bers escorted by swamis of Mustangs and Lightnings struck from Italy at Ploesti, 35 miles north of •Bucharest, and enveloped at least one major refinery with flames and smoke visible for many miles.
Clouds obscured full results of this
first attack on Ploesti. 180 miles from the Russian battle lines, since 0Vlay 18. A number of German interceptors and intense flak were encountered.
Wave after wave of U. S. medium bombers struck again and again at the French invasion coast.
0 The Eighth airforce's attack from Britain was its 25th this month against European targets and the 15th in May against Germany—
equaling March records. It was the fourth successive day in which 1,200 fighters from Britain had sought "out the luftwaffe for sky battles of attrition. It was also the fifth successive day of heavy bomber action from Britain.
* * ♦
The RAF’s overnight attacks
Sa ere concentrated on military installations along the French invasion coast, but Mosquito bombers penetrated into Germany to blast the chemical center of Leverkusen. Not a single plane was Jest in the operations, which also "ncluded mine-laying in enemy waters.
a * *
So heavy was the assault on the French coast—apparently concentrated on the area between Boul-0gne and Dunkerque-that buildings on the English side of the channel trembled from the blasts.
Berlin radio reported Allied planes over Western Germany during the night, and Balkan stations were temporarily blacked out, suggesting Italy-based bombers might be striking simultaneously at southeastern Europe.
The overnight activity followed
See AIR WAR Pg. 12 Col I
Airway Asks Feeder Route Through Area
f Hearings before the Civil Aeronautics board on Southwest Airways’ application to establish feeder airlines in Texas and Oklahoma, on which Abilene would be an important stop, will be held in approximately 90 days, company officials have advised.
The board already has set June 7 as the date for a pre-hearing conference on its application, the company reported, and this is expected to be followed by formal hearings within three months. •Extension of air transportation to the Southwest^ smaller cities and towns thus is moving with unexpected speed, and this becomes one of the very first areas in the entire nation to be considered for
Bider routes, according to com-ny spokesmen.
Southwest officials were reported to view this as “a strong indica-tion that the board attaches great need to expanding the Southwests’ air transportation system at the 0iiesl possible time”
HARVEST TIME IN ENGLAND—A threshing crew goes about its work “somewhere in England” unmindful of an American A-20 medium bomber as it conies by for a landing on a nearby air field. Photo by Associated Press War Photographer Harold Harris. (AP Wirephoto).
Japs Apply Power On Yanks, Chinese
Germans Dent Romania Line
By The Associated Press
In new bursts of power the Japanese are strongly resisting Americans invading Biak island off New Guinea and are developing swiftly their offensive to seize China’s Hankow-Canton railway, Allied announcements revealed today.
The two enemy forces on these fronts 2.500 miles apart had the same objective—to prevent Allied exploitation of new bases nearer Japan.
Offering the fiercest resistance
Full details on Page 3
tanks, pla*es agid first-class troops Gen. Douglas MacArthur has met in months, the Japanese threw into the battle for Mokmer airdrome on Biak, which is only 880 miles from the Philippines. Heavy rifle, machinegun, mortar and artillery fire pinned down MacArth-
Downed Anson Gunner Saved
ur’s Sixth army troops two miles from the field.
* a a
The Chinese high command said a Japanese force breached a de* fense line 40 miles from Changsha on the Hankow-Canton railroad. This fourth Chinese defense of the key rail city was prcducing heavy casualties, Chungking said.
Unofficially the Japanese were estimated to have massed 12 divisions for the attempt to reconquer the entire rail line. Nine of these were reported in the Han-ko -Yochow area above Changsha and three in the Canton region to the south
The Japanese purpose in its many-sided offensives in Honan and Hunan provinces is to split China and seal off the eastern part against ■lilied bomber use, a Chungking official said.
• • •
In north Burma Allied Chindit forces again struck at communications to prevent Japanese reinforce-
LONDON. May 31—German forces have broken the six-week lull in land fighting on the long eastern front by making a small dent in Russian lines north of Iasi in Romania, a Moscow' communique said today.
The Nazis opened the attack with “large forces of tanks and infan- lctri^strongpoint 18 miles southeast
try” but succeeded in making only
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May 31.-(AP)
—British troops advancing through dense mine fields on the coastal flank of the Fifth army line have reached a point just south of Pescarella Nuova, 14 miles from the outskirts of Rome, headquarters announced today.
Elsewhere the Fifth army beat against an unyielding wall of enemy resistance. An Allied communique said: “It is now clear that the enemy's intent is to hold this line at all costs”—The line reaching inland below
l!<’"11'- FOURTEEN MILES FROM ROME—Arrows indicate Allied drives along tile Italian Irunt
Boring away on the ten flank the ' . . , „ , ,Warc||a Nuova, l l miles front Rome,
British have crossed the Moletta Millen tonax nan cameo in a yy m . r . ,rl ______ ______
river all along the coastal sector, and up the Via Casilina to within four miles of Frosmone. The J*1"" * 8
They worked their way through the born opposition elsewhere near Rome, but the Eighth swept through the tow ns of Altedena, village of L Americano, on the coast Pftn#ana Oceano and Amino as the Nazis withdrew to strong defenses before the
18 airline miles from the mouth of the Tiber. They also occupied Ardea, two and a half miles east and slight-
NAPLES, May 31.—(ZP)—1The Eighth army has reached the outskirts of Frosinone. This provisional capital is on tile Via Casilina 43 miles southeast of Rome.
l,v south of Campo Iemini, coastal terminus of the German fortress wall extending through Velletri to Valmontone, key to the Via Casilina and 20 miles southeast of Rome.
a * *
Americans fought virtually yard by yard into the outskirts of Villa Crocetta, just southeast of the bulwarked town of Yanuvlo, in the Alban hills 16 miles southeast of Rome.
The Eighth army wheeled steadily forward against enemy rearguards through the mountains of central Italy, occupying such towns as Alfecie* na, Fontana, Strangolagalli,
Pofi, Oceano and Arpino and closing to within four miles of Frosinone—a major exit for the desperately-placed Nazis on that sector of the front.
(The German radio, reported "dramatic street fighting’’ in Vel-
Fontana, Pofi, C Oceano and Arpino as the Nazis withdrew Eternal City. (AP Wirephoto)._____
Federals Arrest 55 In War Fraud Case
Sales Open for War Bond Show
Any series E, F or G war bond purchased after midnight tonight will count t ward admission to the Million Dollar War Bond Show which will formally launch the Fifth War loan drive June 12 in Abilene, Jack Simmons, chairman
“an insignificant wedge into our defense” at a cost of “heavy losses I in men and material," the com-■ munique declared.
Although the German attacks were described as sharp, a dispatch from Eddy Gilmore, Associated Press war correspondent in Moscow, said they appeared to be an attempt to upset Russian troop concentrations rather than the beginning of a real enemy offensive.
It still was too early, however, Gilmore said, to estimate their full significance.
Iasi is about 180 miles northeast of the Ploesti oil fields. The Germans have claimed the Red army was massing its forces for a drive on that source of fuel supply.
Mocow also told of air and sea attacks on German shipping in . Narva bay. asserting bombers from ment of their stubbornly-resisting ; the Red Banner Baltic fleet sank
of Rome, and said the stubborn fighting there was pinning down heavy Allied forces and “enables us fantryman with the 88th division in
WASHINGTON, May 31—cT)~The largest war frauds case yet initiated by the Justice department—from the standpoint of number of defendants involved-was announced today by Attorney General Francis of the show committee, .trounced Biddle with the filing of complaints against 55 employes of the Bothie- thus morning. hem-Hingham shipyards in Boston. Tickets for the show, to be pre-
Hiddle said all defendants are charged with defrauding the gov- sented by the Abilene Army Air eminent in obtaining overpayment for welding on ships being built base, will not be distnbuted until for the Navy to a total believed to br more than $500,000. ncx, Monday and purchasers this
Agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation have been arrest- Wf,e|( should request a receipt for ina the defendants named and the attorney general said complaints nam- ■ bcnd s0 p may ^ exchanged
ing additional defendants would be jlter jor ^.ticket, Simmons said, issued today. More than IOO de- rj,^e he ort sale at both
fondants finally will be charged, e Abilene banks, the postoffice and “U;.... . ... nf the Paramount theater, Wally Akin,
. J?a n♦ ii luilfr ut lit chairman of the local motion pic-
the 55 defendants, all either welders or counters and all living in the Boston area.
E. A. Boun*, agent In charge of the FBI at Boston, satd that the extensive investigation was carried
Abilenian With 88th Is Wounded
Sgt. George J Davis .lr, 23. in-
gradually to move back the Ger man front on the central and eastern sector."
The enemy was reported to have thrown all available troops into an all-out effort to hold his last fortress wall before Rome—at least until the troops withdrawing in the face of the Eighth army can make good their escape
It is now apparent that iillmths were taken in preparation of this steel and stone shield barring the way to the Eternal City. I nofficial opinion was expressed thai only a mighty drive could spit it open. Battlefront advices aid the Hermann Goering motorized division had been built up to full strength and that artillerymen and service troops had been thrust into the line as infantry, while German Field
Italy, has been slightly wounded In action, the War department has informed his parents, Mr. and Mrs G J, Davis Sr., 934 South 12th.
Three cables came from the sergeant describing his wounds as I alight before the official telegram Monday informing them he had been hospitalized. Sergeant Da-| vis is thought by his family to I h a v e been I wounded in ac-I tion with the Second Army of the 88th and 85ib divisions and described as the
ture war activities committee, stat-
out with the authorization of U. S Attorney Edmund J. Brandon and the full cooperation of officials at’ the South Shore shipyard.
Hr said that those arrested had formed about 30 "clubs," each of which comprised one or two counters and from three to 30 welders.
According to Soucy, the counters in the "clubs” agreed with the welders to record false credits for extra production. In return for this “service" the welders would return
Under a seating plan drawn this morning by Akin and Simmons the house is experted to net nearly a million dollars in bond sales. Ten seats will be sold for $25,000 bond purchases each and Xii others will go for bonds of $2,000 denomination or greater. Balance of the seats will he scaled down to $25 each. The show, which will operate under the slogan. Lets Be First in the Fifth, shares with Corsicana the honor of being the first presented in Texas in the new drive. Henry Morgenthau Jr. secretary of tho treasury department, will open tho
to the counters a portion of their (r.vp (hcrc
From June 12 to July 8 purchase of any of the eight series of bonds available will count on the county quota, C. M Caldwell, county chair-
weekly salary checks which included payment for work not actually done.
Soucy said that the scheme was made possible by the counters who ■*", . . «
are respolUle for racordln, each man. .s«.d A«'r, •>“'> ® “* *• '
day on tally slips the quantity of sud ° ial *' ‘"tended._____
work done by welders employed in various sections of the yard.
According to the investigators
ffarrisnn still holding naris of Mv-I tv, .---------------^ Marshal Gen. Albert Kesselring first all-selective .service group to the counter* received as much as
ftlvina 1 minesweepers, a high-speed S0Ught to hold the Fifth army pres- go to the front lines. The corps got *75 a week extra for their manip-
itkyina. i landing barge and a motor patrol
Lt. Gen. Joseph Stilwells troops|boat, while warships sank have pierced the defenses of this
City, a key stop on his way to reopening the Burma-China road.
warships sank !w° I spearheaded by tanks and self-minesweepers and damaged Rn* I propelled guns.
By SPENCE DAVIS ABOARD A NAVY CATALINA PLANE OFF BIAK ISLAND, May
29.—(Delayed'—UP)—The voice of the radio was clear and distinct;
“Camellia, Camellia. We have a Boston baker down in your vicinity about 20 due east your present position. Watch those bandits.’’
To Navy Lt. John W Heathering-ton of Plainfield, N. J. this meant he was to rescue downed airmen in the Padaido island group near enemy-held Japan island. He was to take care, for there were probably enemy planes (bandits) in the neighborhood.
The Catalina was off We circled and Drocoeded east and within 25 minutes saw three men bobbing in the water their yellow Mac Wests bright in the green sea. There was no sign of their plane.
lleatlierington dropped down in a smooth power landing on the glassy sea. A line was tossed to the men and they were pulled aboard. They were ('apt. Gerald Brokopovitz, Greenbay, Wis., commanding officer of the “Cocked Dire" attack unit; his co-pilot, Lt. Royal Hibblen, Minneapolis, and Tech Sgt. Hurshel Chapin, Anson, Tex., turret gunner. *
Brokopovitz was still wearing his helmet earphones and goggles. His, , , , , ,
Baston Havoc had been attacking "hen the \ anks stormed and
Sunday Set for Salvage Pick-Up
Salvage paper pick-up day will be observed Sunday, Jack Simmons, manager of the chamber of com-! merce, has announced, and all Abi-lenians are urged to have scrap j paper bundled and placed on curbs: available for Army workers.
Army vehicles manned by Camp Barkeley soldiers will be welting in the one-day drive, Capt. Norman Turnbull, Camp Barkeley salvage officer, said. Present plans are for one day each month, probably the first Sunday, to be set aside for collections as a follow-up to the city-wide salvage campaign last month.
sure. German counterattacks were I its first taste of combat iii a smashing attack on the German southern flank in Italy.
A frontline report by Associated! Last letter from the sergeant, Press War Correspondent Daniel , written on his birthday, May IO, DeLuce said that the Americans, a1- i disclosed he was on front lines, though heavily opposed in the Val- I Sergeant Davis has been in service two years. He trained at Camp Gruber. Okla., and Ft. Sam Hous-
montone sector by the Goenng di-See ITALY Page 2 < ol. I
WASHINGTON. May 31— Ii —President Roosevelt, w ho early in the war came up with tile idea it be called “The War for Survival,” has another name for it now: “The Tyrant’s War."
He passed along the new suggestion at a news conference yesterday, saying he liked it very much. Another title he has recommended is "War of Liberation.”
alation of the count
Senators Hoist Debt, Cut Night Club Take
Forrestal Asks Delay for Trial
WASHINGTON, May 31—(/P>— The Senate passed a bill raising the ton His wife, the former Faye Sit-j national debt limit from $210,000,-ton of Abilene, and their young son i qoq.ooo to $260,000,000,000 today aft-| live in Sanger, Calif. cr adopting an amendment reduc-
The Davis family moved to Abl-. inK the cabaret tax from 30 to 20 ! lone from Waco seven years ago. pt.1TPnt and exempting uniformed Before entering service th" sergeant serVice people from payment of the was employed at the Lion Hard- j(,VN I ware company.
Nazi Plot Balked
CAIRO, May 31—(AP)—A German plot to smuggle narcotics into the I middle east was broken with the arrest of 53 persons in simultaneous I raids last night in Egypt, Palestine and Syria.
WASHINGTON. May 31— Secretary of the Navy Forrestal today expressed personal opposition to court martial at this time of Adm. Husband E. Kimmel oil ( barges of negligence in connection with 'he Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
HLx statement at a news confer-I ence came while congressional committees were considering a resolution which would fix September 8 ai I- I..MA as the deadline for starting a court-
More Tires in June
WASHINGTON, May 31 -</P‘— ForreHal said that “ii seems quite
Announcing a 12 .5 percent un tease cjear that during this w ar and cerin new passenger tires available to talnjy Rs immediate phase, I per-civiiians in June. the Of lice or JOnaHv *0^ nol n,, jn favor of Price administration reported conductlng such a trial.”
the demand still far exceeds pro- j*
To Match Country Store Chatter—
FDR NEEDS CRACKER BARREL FOR PRESS TALKS
due tion and emphasized the need for continued conservation.
WASHINGTON, May 31—(UP) — All the White House needs is a | cracker barrel to make President Roosevelt's current news conferences seem like country store chatter . with the town squire leading the
Among the invading troops conversation
The President in recent weeks
LEW AYERS AT WAKDE-
Japanese on Mokmer airdrome at captured Wakde Island, Dutch tree-top level. The top of a scrub- New Guinea, was Lew Ayres oak baa been too high. however, (above), former movie star
and conscientious objector,
and one engine was wrecked. He feathered his propellers and went 20 miles out to set in a long glide. During the rescue nix fellow pilots circled overhead as protection.
None of th* men was injured except Chapin, whose superficial cuts and bruises were patched up by Pharmacist’s Mate Donald Wolff of Mlamisourg, aboard the Catalina.
now a private and a chaplain s assistant. Ayres recently announced he planned to take up religious work after the war. He trained at Camp Barkeley, Tex., before going (overseas. (AP Wirephoto).
has bren unusually talkative at his meetings with press and radio reporters, seeming more disposed to talk at length than at most any other time since the war began.
The conferences are studded with wisecracks, but the air is changed every now and then with whiplash, these topics were touched; remarks at some of those “in this Mr. Roosevelt doesn t
i v DEPARTMENT OI COMMERC E W I \ I III K IU Kl Al
ABILENE ANI) VICINITY Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday. _ , . ....
LAST TEXAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday, widely —altered thundershower* in extreme
addition to a lengthy dissertation on | cynical, more rigid minded, domes-post-war foreign policy Mr. Roose- tically since the last war. But not
volt played hop-scotch over broav' Mr. Roosevelt.
ti U t . • * * east portion this afternoon
field of other subjects. WEST rEXAS Pertly cloudy this
Leaning back in his chair and A good' newspaper editorial might afternoon generally fair
puffing contentedly on his long deal with planning for a postwar uK? afternoon and
cigaret holder, the President, with a declaration by t he Republicans. 'rs
the ease of an expert badminton;
The President doesn't hate
anybody, particularly on Memorial Day; never has engaged in feuds or rows with people.
player, knocked down inquiries which he didn’t want to answer.
The give-and-take of the confer-;nce ranged from the chatty, informality of his definition of summer to sober, dignified outlines of \ Defined summer to mean Junf. postwar aims. July and August just to set straight
In the course of the "meeting,” those who took from his remark
of last week—that the invasion i would come off this summer—that
' Maximum temperature last 24 hour*,
Minimum temperature las! 12 hours.
I t MIM KA 11 Rf *
Wert Tue Tue-Mon A M Hour P M 7 4 70- I — 82 TU 72 HO - 2— 84 80
7;i na - a— av hi
72 HS— 4- - 85 84
71 HS - V- 85 84
70 HO — S— 84
HO H7— 7— 83
72 71— 8- 79
Abilene Reservoirs Benefit From Rains
In the past two weeks, Abilene's three reservoirs have caught approximately 1.400,000.000 gallons of water. L A. Grimes, superintendent of the city water department, estimated Tuesday.
Fort Phantom Hill lake largest of the three, caught a billion gallons, Lake Abilene. 300 million and Lake Kirby, IOO million gallons. Phantom HUI is still 5 feet 2 Inches below its spillway and Lakes Abl-line and Kirby are IO 1-2 feet below their spillways.
room” who haven’t been reporting events to Mr. Roosevelt’s liking.
Yesterday’s unusually long news conference was a good example. In
to talk about reported tranx- the offensive into Europe would not
fer of American naval vessels to begin until June 20, official opening
the Soviet navv. of summer. I he President said
Some people have become more people took him too technically.
Holland Opposes 4-Power Control
Sunlit* this, morning Sunset tonight ,....
71— 9— 76 74 74—10— 75 7.1 78 ll— 74 72 8(1. 12- 7» 70
......... 6 34
......... 8 39
LONDON, May 31 - T-Foreign Minister Eelco N. Van Kleffens of the Netherlands said today that tha smaller nations of Europe could not 7a support any postwar program placing control of world affairs in th# hands ot four or five great powers.
Van Kleffens* view* are usually representative of the smaller powers.