Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 30, 1944, Abilene, Texas
BOND BOX SCORE
^ince Pearl Harbor $14,971,640.75 May Quota $ 231,700 00
May Saki $ 113,513.25
%fje Abilene Reporter -Betes
■■WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXAC FEY AS 11 GOES.’’-Biron
gjVOL. LXIII, NO. 347
A TEXAS 5-^, NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 30, 1944-TEN PAGES
^ssocialcd Press IAP) United Press PRICE FIVE CENTS
NazisLynch American ’Chutists
. r -
Fifth Launches Heavy Attack on Rome Line
GEN. CLARK VISITS WOUNDED AT CISTERNA—Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, commanding officer of the Allied Fifth ♦ Army, talks with a U. S. soldier wounded in action in the Cisterna section of Italy, in the northern area of the Anzio beachhead sector. An army nurse looks on. (AP Wirephoto via signal corps radio).
Kamaing Passed By Allied Thrust
Runnels Pioneer Woman Is Dead
CLARK PREDICTS FALL IN FEW DAYS; FOE STOPPED
By the Associated Press
Infantry and tanks of the Fifth army struck heavily again today at the swaying German line within 16 miles of Rome after repulsing strong night counterattacks and their commander, Lt. Gen. Mark Clark, declared they would capture the capital “before many days have passed.”
The counterattacks had temporarily checked the Americans below the central Rome line strongpoint of Lanuvio and artillery was called in. British patrols probing up the west coast toward the mouth of the Tiber found another wrecked village abandoned by the enemy.
The Eighth army strode swiftly up the Via Casilina capturing Arce and enveloping Frosinone from three sides. Tile determined and successful German stand on the Allied left appeared to be a desperate effort to cover the rapid retreat in the Liri and mountain-walled Saceo valleys before the -—-i charging Allies of the right
GEN. MARSHAll'S STEPSON KILLED
WASHINGTON, May 30.—(ff) —Lt. Allen Tupper Brown, son of Mrs. George C. Marshall, wife of the Army’s chief of staff, was killed yesterday in a tank action near Campoleone, Italy, the War department reported today.
Brown is survived by his wife. the former Madge Shodden of New York City and a 2-year-old son. His mother married General Marshall in 1930.
Air Base Flier Dead in Crash
WINTERS, May 30—Mrs. Martha Emma Brown, 79, resident of Run-1 nels county since 1889, died of pneumonia at 11:30 p. rn. Monday
at her home here.
Funeral will be at 3:30 p. rn Wednesday at thp First Baptist church of which she was a member.
Mrs. Brown was born in Alabama June 7. 1865 and came to Texas as a girl with her parents. They lived in Limestone county where she was later married to Ervin Brown. Mr. and Mrs. Brown came to Runnels county in 1889 and have lived in or near Winters since. Mr. Brown died Feb. 8. 1938.
Survivors are four daughters, Mrs. Annie Sawyers of Tankersley, Mrs. Cloy Hinds of Catarina, Mrs. Myrtle Sowell of Amarillo and Mrs. Bessie Winzer of Rotan; one son, Elbert Brown of Amarillo; one sister, Mrs. Josie Berry of Mexia.
Abilenian Seriously Wounded in Action
Bv The Associated Press The Allied noose around Myitky-ina, key to reopening the Burma-China road tightened today as American and Chinese troops in a swift maneuver by-passed Kamaing, enemy strongpoint to the west.
Southeast Asia headquarters reported the forces under Lt. Gen. Joseph Stilwell cut the highway between Kamaing and Mogaung, which are about 20 miles apart and along the route Stilwell needs to link up the Ledo and Burma roads. Mogaung Is 35 milts west of Myit-kyina, now besieged by other Stilwell forces.
Allied planes furiously joined the mounting north Burma battle, striking at communications, bases and rail facilities between Mogaung and Katha. Their objective was to cut off reinforcemnets the enemy has poured in to save Mogaung and Myitkyina.
• t t
From the east Chinese troops, badly equipped but indomitably laboring up steep mountain paths, scored new gains in drives toward the Burma border. They moved nearer the main enemy base at Tengchung, pivot joint on a Japanese-built highway system. These troops, taking advantage of improving weather, aimed at eventual junction with Stilwell’* forces at Myitkyina. They were getting in
Second Lt. Kendrick Blake, 19, of Des Moines, Iowa, stationed at the Abilene Army air base, was killed this morning when the P-47 he was flying crashed some 30 miles south of the base, around 9:30 o’clock.
A son of Mrs. Catherine Blake of Des Moines, Lieutenant Blake was on a combat training flight, Col. Harry Redington, base der, announced.
! A captured order of tormented Marshal Kesselring said “everything is at stake.”
The Germans scraped up two more divisions and committed 20 to the violent last ditch stand below Rome. They lashed out violently with tank counterattacks. Headquarters said the stoutest enemy stand was southwest of the Rome line pivot of Velletri but that the Fifth army made "satisfactory gains.” The Eighth crossed the Liri valley in force. Arre is I 54 miles southeast of Rome; Frosinone is 43. vv..\ The Germans still clung to the comman- via Casilina below Rome and held Ion by their teeth to Valmontone
A qualified board of Army Air and Lanuvio. Paced by French force officers will be appointed to cruiser shells. British forces took a investigate and determine cause of lateral road west of Carroccio and the accident, Colonel Weddington advanced toward the western ansated chor of the German Rome line at
I Campo lemini, 18 miles due south
Bl! rr-cUoc Klonr ot the capital. On the main front,
-I / Crashes Near l Bgh^h armv whlpped pasl
Coleman; 9 Saved Pofi where the white flag flew.
/ * * a
COLEMAN, May 30.—(TP)—Nine fliers who said they were from the Pyote, Texas, Army air field, bailed out safely from their blazing B-17 plane shortly before the ship exploded and crashed 13 miles southeast of here yesterday.
Members of the nine-man crew said they abandoned the plane a/-ter a motor caught fire.
List HSU Building, Endowment Funds
Pvt. Bunyan Mack Doby Jr., 22, was seriously wounded In action in creased air support from American Itaiy May 14. his parents, Mr. and I airmen, who bombed lengchung. Mrs B M Doby, route three, were In beleaguered China the Japan-informed yester- ese expanded their two-sided of-
dav in a W;ar de- rtensive with a new surge southward na rf mpnt tole- from Yoyang in Hunan province.
ara rn They aimed at Siangyin, 30 miles
No details ofW TM north of ChanBsha, apparently to
hk mimics werell® « * protect their drive to seize the Han-given in the mes-MP* I J kow-Canton railroad. Yesterday the .-are which stated®** L* rn Chinese reported the enemy had ad-a Letter would fol-S|ft*i§t t°'rard Changsha
Aw,g, nom LONDON. May 30.—iffi—A conia: h i Ie hv training in a vov •^ded heavily with new United
Anson, I g states invasion weapons arrived
L“ mf uwla W.7h X ic »<■<>' recently In Britain, it was
1 ing overseas in November, 1942. announced today.__
He has a brother, Forrest Doby, j — ------
serving in the Navy in the South ti \iU-lL--
Pacific and two sisters. Mrs Frank | f]g VV Bu! UGI
Perrv and Mrs. Bernie Seldman. _____________________—
both of 841 Palm.
DALLAS, May 30-i^-An official progress report on a $3,000,000 endowment and enlargement campaign by Texas Baptists for 17 institutions of the denomination in the state showed today receipts to May 20 of $1,094,127.84 for all objects.
The institutions with endowment receipts listed first and building receipts second, include:
Baylor, Waco: $11,31102 $269.-
622.97; Baylor, Dallas: hospital $5,-173.01. none; Hardin Simmons: $12,-541.00, $17,736.00; Howard Payne, $265.34. $13,280.74.
The Fifth army alone has captured 12,000 prisoners, not counting those of the Eighth. The captives said German casualties were extremely heavy. Allied planes flew 3,000 sorties from Italy yesterday I hitting the battleline, communications between Rome and Florence, Austria and Yugoslavia.
Highway Reported Blocked for Nazis
NEW YORK. May 30.—iff)—Radio France at Algiers said today that the “Germans will no longer be able to move their traffic along Highway 6 < Via Casilina», Allied bombers having rendered it un-I usable.”
“According to the latest news received from Italy,’’ said the broadcast, "the Nazis are obliged to pass their convoys along by-roads or by certain roundabout ways crossing Avezzano and Subiaco.”
Nation Warned Of D-Day Dead
WASHINGTON, May 30.-(UP) —The nation mourned its soldier dead today in solemn Memorial I Day services throughout the land as a high naval official warned that D-day, “soon to come,” will bring casualties “such as American armies have never suffered before.” The stern reminder of what lies ahead in the battles of the current
The postoffice, both banks and the Texas Unemployment Compensation office are closed today in observance of Memorial Day.
There will be no rural, city or window delivery today, Postmaster 0. A. Hale said.
conflict, which already has claimed the lives of 47,000 American men, came from Rear Admiral William Brent Young, Navy supply chief, who told a Memorial Day gathering at Georgetown university that this is “the crucial hour of our history.”
“This is the decisive hour in the ancient war between might and right,” he said. "The military forces of free men are poised today to assault the fortress of the dark power enslaving Europe.”
Warning again that heavy casualties seem inevitable because "our foe is powerful and well-entrenched," he added:
“We must have the courage to accept such sacrifices, for if we falter in the face of heavy losses our dead will have died in vain. For the sake of those who fall, for ourselves and our children, and their children, we must endure and drive on until all resistance ceases.”
# • •
In cemeteries green with spring in small towns in New England and in Iowa, in shady cemeteries in big cities, and in the National cemetery at Arlington, families and officials placed wreaths in honor of the nation's warrior dead.
It was a solemn observance by
I Se MEMORIAL DAY, Pg. 3, Col 4
German Units On Guard for Chute Troops
LONDON, May 30,-(AP) —A neutral pre-invasion report said today the German! high command had spotted thousands of small military units over France to cope with the expected onslaught of thousands of Allied airborne troops on D-Dav
These units, it was said, have been stationed well behind the heavily fortified and strongly manned front wall, and each assigned a specific small area to cover.
This report fell somewhat In line with comment by Ritter von Schramm, military correspondent of the Berliner Borsen-Zcitung, who wrote that the bulk of German armored formations In the west are held in readiness well behind the front fortifications, not so much to counter-attack landing attempts from the sea as to oppose
airborne troops and parachutists. * * *
Among other reports from the continent was a broadcast by transocean, German propaganda agency, that the Nazis now have “flying repair squads in all corners of German occupied Europe" in an attempt to keep communtea-tior open in spite of Allied bombings. The agency said “trains which were about to be used as scrap iron have been put back into service
Britons who went back to work today after a warm and quiet Whitsun holiday looked for the fall of Rome possibly within a week and praised Gen, Sir Harold Alexander and his armies for their successes in Italy. The big Italian of rn-stve was regarded as the first blow in a master plan to bf climaxed when Gen. Eisenhower's forces strike from the west and tho Red army hits from the east.
Last night the German air force flew more armed reconnaissance missions over south and southwest coistril England looking for indications of the invasion Some bombs were dropped, causing casualties and damage. One of the planes was destroyed._
Reds and Allies Batter Hungary
LONDON, May SO—lf)—The Berlin radio announced that Soviet and "British-American” planes appeared simultaneously over Hungary last
The broadcast said while Russian planes were crossing the eastern frontier cf Hungary and leaving in a southwesterly direction. Allied planes crossed the southern front in and dropped mines in "some sectors of the Danube.”
STOCKHOLM, May 30.—(AP)—American airmen who parachuted into three unnamed places in central Germany yesterday were “killed by ablated people,” the newspaper Aftonbladet's Berlin correspondent wrote today in a dispatch which was passed bv German censorship.
The article gave no details, hut the correspondent said he received the reports from “a traveller from Leipzig” with
whom he talked in Berlin.
A later report said that five American air.pen had been
German police were unable to save them,” Aftonbladet s
He said “a storm of rage” broke out Sunday among German civilians” when American fighter pilot! allegedly shot women and children during sweeps over Germany. (The political handbook of the world lists Aftonbladet
as “non-partisan, Nazi tendencies.” . ,
(There have been no reports of lynchings from Allied sources.)
Aftonbladet'* report recalled German Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels' article In the Saturday Issue of the Nail newspaper Voelkischer Brobarhter declaring that Allied airmen hailing out over Germany no longer would have police and military protection
against German civilians. , ,
At that time. Aftonbladet interpreted Goebbels’ article as meaning that “American airmen who save themselves by parachute can consider themselves at the mercy of the people who find them, under the o c rule ‘eve for eye and tooth for toot ii. , .
The Goebbels article contended that recent Allied fighter sweeps had been directed against field workers and women and children riding on trains.
LONDON Mar 30- Pi -At least 3.200 American warplanes assaulted the Germans today in coordinated strikes from Britain and Italy, bomb-lng aircraft factories, air bases, and rail centers in Germany, Austria, vucrnKlavia France and the Low Countries*
From Britain for the third successive daw 2,200 heavy bombers and fighters swept brough clear skies over northern Lug,pc and ..mashed at least a down targets. J
Clyde Airman Listed Missing
THE REPORTER-NEWS CIRCULATION OFFICE WILL CLOSE AT
7:30 P. M.
Please call before thai time if you miss your copy of the Evening poper ★ ★
Open now until 8 P. M.
The Number is 7271
VS DEPARTMENT Of COMMERCE WEATHER BUBE Al'
ABILENE AND VICINITY: Consid
erable cloudiness this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; rcattered thundershowers this afternoon and evening.
EAST TEXAS-Considerable cloudiness this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; scattered thunder showers this afternoon and evening and near the upper coast and in the northeast portion Wednesday.
WEST TEXAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon. tonight and Wednesday (Tattered thunder showers in the Panhandle and south plains this afternoon and tonight.
Maximum temperature past 24 hours, 3 Minimum temperature past 12 hours.
FOt VICTORY BUY
Mon-Sun Hour P.M.
- I— 79 75
90— 2—80 78 69 59— 3— 31 77
4— 84 67
5— 84 70 &
59— 7 »
60— 4 74 73-10 76 73—11
70 62 6
69 68 58-
71 65 71
83 72 82 71 78 HH
74 85 73 65 72 52
Sunrise his morning Sunset tonight
6 54 3.39
President's Wife Is ACC Graduate
Mrs. Alberta Allen Morris, Wife of President Don Morris, Abilene 1 Christian college, last night received her bachelor of science degree from the college.
Her escort, a junior student in the school, was her daughter. Jackie, who placed the hood on her head.
Three Jap Cities Drill on Defense
I NEW YORK, May 30—t/P)—Air defense drills are being conducted in the “three leading cities” of Sai-tama prefecture, directly north of, Tokyo, the Japanese Dome! agency! said today.
Tile agency also reported Lt. Gen. Prince Tsunenori Kaya, commander of the Tokyo division, had arrived in Urawa on an inspection tour. Urawa is some IO miles north of the Japanese capital,
U.S. government monitors recorded the wireless dispatch.
Turk City Razed
LONDON, May 30— iff)— A violent earthquake has ravaged Bolu in central Turkey about 85 miles from Istanbul in the region where several others have occurred in recent months, a German broadcast said today.
In Rest Camp
Mr. and Mrs. E. V. Sellers, 938 Mulberry, received a letter Monday from their grandson, Lt. Eugene P. Sellers Jr.. saying that he was at a rest camp somewhere in Australia, with acute bronchitis. Lieutenant Sellers is stationed in New Guinea.
A daylight force about I OOO strong flew from Italy and attacked Wiener Neustadt in Austria. One group of Flying Fortresses attacked an airdrome in the Linz area, 130 miles across the north Italian border in south Germany. Others bombed Zagreb, Croatian capital in Yugoslavia.
Berlin radio reported great air battles raging over central Germany and the Alps.
Targets of the Britain-based fleets were aircraft plants at Dessau, Osehersleben ami llal-berstadt in Germany; railroad yards at Brussels, Belgium, and Reims and Troves in France; airbuses at Handorf, near .Munster, Diepholz near Osnabruk, Halberstadt and in the Hamburg area.
The Decoration Day parade of Allied planes across the channel was led by American Thunderbolt fighters following an attack last night by RAF Mosquitos on Hannover in central Germany.
Without a single loss the Mosquitos drubbed the German bn se at Nantes, off the western coast of France and unspecified installations in western Germany, the Air ministry said.
The Mediterranean Army air force announced its medium bombers attacked objectives at Fruersbrunn In Austria last night.
Tin MAAF, summarizing the results of the raid on airdromes, aircraft plants and railyards in Austria yesterday by a force of possibly 750 heavy bombers and fighter escorts, said 68 enemy aircraft were destroyed at a loss of 20 U. S heavy bombers and 14 other aircraft.
The Germans raided southern
See AIR WAR. Pg. 3, Col 4
Reds Whittle Down German Air Power
LONDON. May 30. Pi—The So
viet air force has hammered airdromes in Romania, whittling down Nazi air power available to oppose the expected renewal of heavy offensive action by the Reds along the eastern front. Moscow reported to-t’ay,, •
A Russian communique said airdromes at Roman en the Siretul river and Husl on the Prut were hit, with at least 60 enemy planes dL-, able i or destroyed. Both towns are I between the Carpathian mountains I and the Dnestr river.
The Nazis claimed successful ail ! attacks on Soviet supplies and rail stations in the areas of Shepctovka and Korostcn, and the Russians reported the Germans bombed Soviet troop positions on two sectors of the froht—losing five fighters and three bombers over rhe Gulf of Finland, and five more planes in another sector.
Land action was minor.
Gunfire in Channel
FOLKESTONE. England. May 30 _,/P)_Coast dwellers heard gunfire and saw starshells in Dover strait briefly before dawn. indicating a clash between light naval forces.
CLYDE, May 30-3-Sgt, Clarence Brown, 24, Clyde, has been missing in air action over Germany, since May 12. his family has been informed by the War department.
Sergeant Brown is the foster-son of Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Broadfoot
SGI. CLARENCE BROWN
A waist gunner on a B-17, Sergeant Brown had completed 22
missions over enemy territory and
had been awarded the Air Medal and three Oak Leaf Clusters. At : least three of his missions were bombing assaults on targets in Berlin.
The sergeant, a graduate of Clyde high school, enlisted July 15, 1941. He trained at Jefferson Bar-1 racks, Mo., and at Lowry field, Denver, and served as an instructor at Las Vegas, Nev., for a year before going to England last Nov. 15.
His wife, Mrs. Ruth Brown, and their son. Jerry W., live in Winchester, Ind.
11 Are Killed in Navy Plane Crash
NORFOLK. Va., May 30.—t>P'— Eleven crewmen on a Navy patro
plat ’ were killed early today wher the! craft crashed one and one-hall miles west of the auxiliary air station at Chincoteague. None of those aboard survived. Tile plane wenl clown as it was attempting to approach the field for an emergent^ landing, the Fifth district public relations office announced.
Hull Extends Bids
WASHINGTON. May 30——
Secretary of State Hull today extended to the ambassadors of Russia, Britain and China invitation! for their governments to begin informal talks in Washington as soon as possible on creation of a world security organization. iSee stet! on page 2)