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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 29, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE !^nce Pearl Harbor $16,971,640.75 May Quota    $ 231,700 00 May Sales    $ 113,513.25 Wk abilene Reporter-Betttf evening “ WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETO    I    I YOUR WORLD EXAC I AS 11 COLS. -Byron ,fOL. LXIII, NO. 346 A TEXAS Srnld, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 29. 1944—EIGHT PAGES Associated Press (AP)    United Press (UP.) PRICE FIVE CENTSll. S. HEAVIES STREAK TO POLAND Allies Nearing Aprilia Falls, Three Divisions Destroyed By the Associated Press Rome reverberated to battle thunder 16 to 17 miles away today as the advancing Allies captured the dead factories "Sf Aprilia, drove through flame-seared poppy fields within a mile of Valmontone and Campoleone, and virtually destroyed three more German divisions of up to 45,000 men. All along the Italian front approaching Rome, the Allies of a dozen nations pressed forward, sometimes through des- f prate flame-thrower defense. Prisoners totalled more than 5,000 and headquarters said the German 71st, 94th and 715th divisions had been backed into bloody insignificance. Coupled with the winning of enormous stores of war gear, the picture was one of steady destruction of the 18 German divis ors originally comprising the German 10th and 14th armies imslow Rome. Lt. Gen. Sir Oliver Leese’s Eighth army moved six miles west from the main front through the Lid and Sacco valley, bridging both rivers. Arce was invested when the Allies surrounded dominating Monte Oreo. Ceprano was left six miles within Allied lines. The beachhead troops, paced by naval fire from a French cruiser, moved steadily across the creased gullies of the west coast below Rome toward the mouth of the Tiber. They cut the Anzio-Albano road, pressed upon the stronghold of Velletri and seemed to be outflanking the Alban hills, last natural obstacle before the Eternal City. The Germans announced abandonment of Aprilia, which has changed hands five times since the beachhead was established. Daniel De Luce of the AP said the roofless, shell-punctured town fell without a hand-to-hand struggle. Kesselring 53 BuT«re toSftiaVthe    “tfn* brawly to scrape up nit wui.    '    stimy reserves In north Italy to Abilenians Join Fighting in Italy ^ At lea-st two Abilenians, 1st Lt. Reed R. Jones, 31, son of Mr and Mrs. M. M. Jones of 1941 South 5th, and Lt. Col. Rupert R. Hark-rider, son of Mrs. Rupert Harkrider Vf 2026 North 3d, are known to be Va active duty with the Second Army corps which, it was disclosed yesterday, got its first taste of combat in a smashing attack on the German southern flank in Italy. Two divisions composing the |r>rps under the command of Maj. Gen. Geoftrey Keys, the 88th and all-selective service divisions to go to the front lines. Colonel Harkrider, with the 85th. volunteered for the service • nearly two years ago and was sworn in as a captain. He was sent to school in Washington and was then nam-d judge advocate of the 85th division while It was stationed at Camp Shel-m bv, Miss. He is a graduate of Abilene high school and of the University of Texas law- school and had his law office in Beaumont when he volunteered for service. His wife is now visiting In Abilene with his mother, a# Lieutenant Jones did not go into the division through the draft but through the National Guard of which he was a member 14 years. He as mobilized into the 36tjj division but, after being graduated tom Officers Training school at ;. Sill Okla., was sent to Camp Gruber near Muskogee. Okla., to help train the newly formed 88th. Lieutenant Jones, a field artillery officer, was graduated AV from Abilene high school In V See ABILENIANS, Pg. 8, Col. 7 Bombs Dumped on 6 Plane Factories LONDON, May 29.—(AP)—A thousand heavy American bombers and 1,200' fighters spanned the length of Germany today, bombing two aircraft factories in Poland and four in central and eastern Germany while other fleets struck up from the south at the Vienna and Wiener Neustadt areas. The sky-darkening fleet equalled that of yesterday, which was the largest ever dispatched by the U. S. air force!. The Polish factories were at Poznan and Kreishng. Those in Germany were at Leipzig. Tutow, Cottbus and Soran. The flight to Poznan entailed a roundtrip of at least 1,450 miles. Simultaneously, hundreds of lesser American bombers struck heavily and repeatedly at the French invasion coast, bombing bridges, railroads and airdromes. The attacking Fortresses and Liberators split into several spearheads in efforts to confound the enemy defenses. The German radio reported the fleets engaged in a number of sky battles. Enemy broadcasts said another Allied fleet was striking in the “lower Danube basin from Italy. The operations on his hot, summery day were in comparable to yesterday’s great outpouring when 6.000 bomb-ers and fighters flew from Cloudburst Cuts Highway at Gap CASSINO WIPED OFF THE FACE OF THE EARTH—Anrient Roman ruins stand as magnificent structures alongside this shambles of the once mighty Nazi bastion in Italy-Cassino. Utter desolation is the scene after huge Allied guns--and Germans, too—blasted the buildings to rubble, pockmarked the land with shell holes, and left only a vestige of th* famous St. Benedictine monastery standing on the lofty height. (NEA Photo). ___ College Builders Desperate Sinos Honored at ACC In 4-Front Fight patch up his shattered Nazi lines. Radio Algiers said the marshal’s men were "groggy and reeling’’ and "disengaging along the whole front.” awa In between on the Campoleone-Valmontone line, other forces fought in the outskirts of Velletri on the Appian Way, and closed upon Lanuvia, four miles southwest, where the Alban hills begin to rise from the Pontine plain. As the sound of the great battle rolled into Rome, the enemy in the mountains southeast of Valmontone was driven out of the towns of Sermoneta and Bassiano, below Norma, which was overwhelmed yesterday. Snipers were active in the hills beyond this area and Fifth army patrols were mopping them up. French forces meantime followed up their seizure of Ville Santo Stefano by taking off northward through the hills toward the Liri valley making only casual contact with the enemy and capturing Monte Siserno, 2.400 feet high. On the heels of the capture yesterday of the Important town of Ceprao on Highway 6 and the Liri river, the Eighth army pushed west and north. Throwing bridges rapidly across the Liri and Sacco rivers, where the enemy had blown up crossings. Lt. Gen. Sir Oliver Lcese’s troops swept westward six miles from Ceprano to Pofi. From the beachhead Fifth army By ROBERT VERMILLION troops met stubborn resistance ev-WITH THE FIFTH ARMY AT ery inch of the way in their drive Yanks Get Glimpse X)f Rome at Artena ARTENA. May 28— (Delayed)-(UP) fi-American troops deployed from his mountain town toward Valmontone today and said they hoped to be within Rome soon. They saw to crack tile Anzio-Albano highway, down which the Germans poured vicious attacks last February, and past the Aprilia highway, railroad and factory area, scene of much Rome for the first time yesterday of the bloodiest fighting since the Tribute to the builders of Abilene Christian college was made by President Don Morris, graduate of the 1924 class, this morning at IO a. rn. at a Builders Day program In the college auditorium. "This is a Builders Day program rather than a Founders Day. We are looking to the future as well as remembering the past,” President Morris declared. The Builders Day program, held during ACC’s 38th commencement is thq first of its kind. Theme of the commencement week, President Morris, said, is the fact that Abilene Christian college has become greater than any of the men who have worked with the institution. Former presidents of the school who attended the program were: A. B. Barrett of Henderson, Tenn., first president, 1906-8; H. C. Darden, 1908-09; ?.nd James F. Cox, 1911-12 and 1932-40. Other presidents were: R. L. Whiteside of Denton. 1909-11; J. P. Sewell, 1912-24 and Batsell Baxter, 1924-32. Presiding at the program was Frank Etter, vice-president of the ex-student association. Singing of the song, All Hail the Power of Jesus’ Name was led by W. H. Free, who has led the singing of this song for 37 years at commencement. Dr. Charles H. Roberson, head of the Bible department, read the Sec ACC, Pg. 8. Col. 3 HSU Degrees to S3 at Exercise By The Associated Press    Hardin-Simmons    university    to- China's armies fought desperately on four fronts today to thwart day concluded its 52nd annual com* British bases and 2,000 more struck from Italy, chiefly at the Italian battle area. The daylight assaults capped a night In which the RAF kept the snow-balling air offensive rolling unchecked by assaults on the northwestern French railroad center of Angers, the German chemical city of Ludwigshafen, and other targets on the French coast. The RAF operations last night, which also Included mine laving in enemy waters, cost one British plane. The railway center at Angers—a new objective—was the main target of the British night bombers. The attack was reported heavy, although the Air ministry indicated the force was not unusually large. aaa The Nazi report of the incursion from the south Into the Danube basin toward southeastern Germany offensives in seven years of warring the most ambitious Japanese against the Chinese. The Asiatic fighting overshadowed all other Pacific war fronts, including the progressing American invasion of the Schoutcns. because it was the most ominous. Chungking authorities felt that ( hina, beset in the north and east, may be entering its most critical period of the conflict. Japanese troops pushed down the Hankow-Canton railroad to within 80 milos of Changsha, a city the Chinese have seen fit to defend with    (.Warier great effort on three previous occasions, all successfully. Four enemy '•    ' columns pushed southward toward Changsha, apparently to gain full control of the rail line, which would women of character distinction "Society needs a group of people who will contend for the proven truths with new leal. mencement by graduating 81 men and women and granting master of arts degrees to two men in exercises in Behrens chapel. Dean John W. Cobb of Wayland college, Plamview, was the commencement speaker, urging upon each of the graduates the need for A L L IED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May 29.— (UP)—Italian-based American heavy bombers blasted German troop concentrations in Yugoslavia today in direct support of Marshal Titos Partisan armies. {rent Man Dies In New Guinea TRENT, May 29.— *Spl.)— Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Lowery Sr. have received word from the War department their son, to. Sgt. H C. Lowery Jr. was killed in action in New Guinea May 14. A graduate of Eskota high school, Sergeant Lowery lived most of his life near Trent. He was inducted into the Army Nov. 16, 1941, and was sent overseas immediately after completing basic training at Camp Wolters. He had had 25 months of foreign service. "The greatest need of the world today,” he .said, "is for men and help sew up a great segment China fronting on the Pacific. of Coupled with Japanese drives to win control of the Hankow-Peiplng or northern section of the railway, the enemy objective could be to .seal off all of eatstern China richest part of the country—against future Allied use as a base to bomb Japan.-Maj. Gen. Claire < hennault'f 14th U. S. airforce rushed into the Changsha fighting, strafing the road from Yoyang to Puchi, destroying trucks, troops, warehouses and barracks. .Farther north his airmen attacked barracks at Sinyang on the Han-kow-Pieping section. Fighting in Honan to the north raged on, at last report, but Chungking reports gave no new word on from this town. Pvt. Fred Hansen of Valley I Junction, Ore., said "seeing it doesn’t mean much, because there seem to be some Germans between here and there. But not too many. We hope to be in there pretty soon.” ^ Artena lies near the top of the highest peak of the Volscian mountains and two miles south of Highway 6, which now must be virtually impassable to German transport. From a high rock ledge above the town I looked down into Valmontone «nd saw the rubble of ruined build-igs piled high on the main street which is highway 6. beachhead was established. Woman Charged As Poison Seller NEW YORK, May 29—HP)—Mrs. Sophie Krisuinas, 31, was held without bail today on a charge of homicide following the death of six men in Brooklyn who drank what police believe was poison liquor. Victor Filipkowski, 58, was found dead yesterday as the latest victim after five men died Saturday. A bottle of liquor found near his body was sent to the city toxicologists for analysis. Angelo Girl Gravely Beaten; Negro Held SAN ANGELO, May 29.—i IP)— Peggy Arnold, 20. telephone operator, was near death here today from injuries received in a beating late Saturday night. Preparations were made to give her a blood transfusion. A negro soldier from Illinois, stationed at an airfield here, was held by military authorities. Miss Arnold was beaten at a bus stop. Military authorities said the sus- Before entering service he was an employe of the U. S. Gypsum [hWhinese counter-offensive company at Sweetwater. A brother-in-law, Sgt. Seth L. Rokes now in the Mediterranean area, has had 18 months foreign duty. pect had served time in a Texas military prison several months ago In Texas by a late count for an assault on a negro girl here. I four. Nation's Holiday Fatalities to 109 By the Associated Press A weekend death toll from traffic accidents, drownings and other mishaps stood at 109 today as the nation began the third day of a four-day Memorial holiday. Only 31 of the deaths reported today in an Associated Press survey resulted from automobile accidents while 45 wen from miscellaneous causes and 33 from drowning. California, with ll deaths, led in the number recorded. Illinois, Massachusetts and New York had IO dead each. Accidental deaths totaled The Central in the teachings of Jesus is the fact that man Is a peculiar creature. He is the one creature that must be treated as having divine likeness, divine responsibility, and divine destiny. He must not be thought of as a cog in a machine, as a slave of a party, state or church. "Each individual Is of infinite value, of such value that he must not be enslaved by anything. He is supremely responsible to God alone. He must ever be left free to exercise his abilities under the dominance of his creator, and along with his fellow creatures. • We are shedding the blood of our best young men to fight a defensive war for human freedom. This victory will soon be lost unless we can have a group cf trained leaders to fight an offensive war to teach en- Japanese crowed that in capturing d humanlty that freedom is the Loyang, key rail city, they had dealt, Allied plans for a China-based air    HSU,    l*g.    8,    Col.    2 offensive a mortal blow.    ---- -—---------------- On a third front Chinese troops slogged through rain, fog, mud and D-Doy Shadow sleet in Yunnan province, pursuing    _    .    , Japanese retreating toward the Bur-    Time    to    KeiCrl ma frontier. The Chinese, aiming at a junction with Allied forces in    LONDON,    May    29    -<IP Burmese Myitkylna, assaulted pre- mans’ invasion pared mountain positions indicated Mediterranean Allied air force bombers may be on an operation like last Wednesday, when they trounced a number of objectives around Vienna, Since dawn Saturday, exclusive of the latest night attack by British planes, about 14,500 tons of bombs have been loosed by Allied planes on countless continental objectives by some 12,-000 aerial sorties flown from Britain and Italy. This tempest of fire and steel saw the greatest American aerial armada ever sent on a single mission— a fleet of about 2,200 bombers and fighters—smash at synthetic oil plants and other installations in central and western Germany Sunday. • • • The American raiders delivered the major but not the only blows J of the heaviest single day in the western European air war. In allI more than 6,000 planes roared out from the British bases and rained more than 8,500 tons of bomb on targets ranging all the way from the channel coast to Leipzig. American losses were 34 bombers and 13 fighters, while 93 German planes were shot down. Fighters accounted for 61 of the total bag of enemy planes and bomber gunners got the rest. A cloudburst, with rainfall estimated up to as much as four inches in some areas, flooded fields In the south part of Taylor county Sunday, halted traffic at some crossings on Jim Ned and Elm creeks and Inundated flats in the area. While Abilene received only a sprinkling ,09 Inch, rain at Lake Abilene was measured at 2.41 Inches and In the Buffalo Gap area wa* estimated to be from three to four Inches, falling In some 40 minutes. Traffic was halted through Buffalo Gap west late Sunday as Elm creek widened from the normal IO feet to 400 yards. The road was opened this morning The Elm creek crest flattened out as It neared Abilene and the rise was measured at from eight to IO feet at the city this morning. aaa Rain estimated at 2.5 inches at Tuscola put Jim Ned creek out of banks and blocked traffic on some of the cross roads although the main crossings remained open. Fields In the areas were flooded by the washing rain and farmers in the area this morning believed most crops would have to be re-planted. Bradshaw', which had escaped heavy downpours since the present rainy season began, received an inch rain late Sunday. Precipitation in Abilene since the first of the year now totals 10.29 inches as against a fall of 8.21 to the same date last year and a normal fall of 9-69. The Ger- propaganda has eight! gone in for swing music. miles west of captured Tatangtzu village. Stilwell^ Chinese and Americans stormed into Myltkyina to within half a mile of the railway station. This was the first notable advance in days. The Myitkylna battle was a vital part of the China battle, for Stilwell needs it to link the Ledo and Burma roads for a supply line into China. A new hour-long swing program entitled "D-Day Calling" was pub on the air by the German radio last night, with 'lie theme song "When D-Day Comes” played to the tune of "When Shadows Fall.” The Weather Winters, Goree Men Prisoners of Nazis T-Sgt. Leroy R. Kraatz of Winters and S-Sgt. Doyce V. Burt of Goree are prisoners of war of Germany, it was announced by the War department today. Sergeant Kraatz, son of Mr. and Mrs. Fritz Kraatz of Winters, had AWEATHER, SMOOTH SEAS INVITE ALLIES TO CROSS CHANNEL LONDON, May 29— </P>—Invasion days—if summery weather and smooth seas are any criterion—lay benignly upon Britain today as Allied eagerness and Nazi apprehension read into nearly every fact or rumor some bearing on the long awaited and most wide-lyheralded military operation of all time. For the second successive day it was bright and hot along A Dover strait, w ith the temperature reaching IOO degrees shortly before noon. Nazi propaganda broadcasts asserted the Allied high command already had passed up its most favorable invasion opportunity because it had found out its legions of men and stupendous array of equipment were not as ready for the great event as it had thought. Berlin made a wild guess, also, that "Gen. Eisenhower is waiting for fresh troops from America” before giving the go-ahead for the western assault. "The Allied high command has allow'ed the past week—most favorable both from the point of view of tides and weather—go by because it has discovered flaws in armament and preparations of the invasion forces," proclaimed the German-controlled Brussels radio. There was invasion tenseness in this armed island over the sunny Whitsun weekend. The people remembered with gratification during these Dunkerque evacuation anniversary days how the war in Europe has sung in a full cycle from the dark days four years ago. Newspapers again told of invasion tenseness in the United States also. In hot and sunny weather yesterday shirt-sleeved folk on the south coast listened while “clouds" of planes—the weapons which former French Premier Paul Reynaud in 1940 beseached an unarmed United States to send France in the hour of her travail—headed over a shim mering sea against Nazi Europe. For 14 hours the sun blazed and the temperature rose to an unusual 94 in the sun and 79 in the shade, hottest of the jear, before thunderclouds brought heavy rains to the Strait of Dover. The people near the glistening cliffs of Dover heard day-long rumbling of bombs and anti-aircraft fire from France where the cliffs of Calais also shone In the sun. "The weather’s fine for the real thing,” the/ mused. "This is our b ggest moment since Dunkerque and just as trying a testing time for our nerves,” observed one British writer. June 1st THE REPORTER-NEWS CIRCULATION OFFICE WILL CLOSE AT 7:30 P. M. Please call before that time if you miss your copy of the paper. Open now until 8 P. M. a * WKATIII.R HI Kl Al ABILENE ANI) VICINITY- Considerable cloudiness, •< tittered thundershowers tonight and Tuesday. EAST TEXAS Considerable cloudiness scattered thundershowers in east and north portion this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday WEST TEXAS Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday Maximum temperature last 24 houri. 79 Minimum temperature last 12 houri, ST. Precipitation 24 houri ending 7 30 a. rn today. '*4 inch. Total precipitation since Jan. I, 1029 inches Total precipitation to date last year, 8 21 inches Ncrmal precipitation thia date, »69 inches. Riles Here for Gunshot Victim Charges of murder without malic# have been filed on Joe Guerrant, cafe operator of Lamesa, following the death of Albe E. Staggs, 34. former resident of Taylor county, Sheriff A M Bennett of Dawson county said this morning Funeral for Mr. Staggs, who died Saturday night in Guerrant’s cafe of gunshot wounds, will be conducted at 2 p. rn. Tuesday In Elliott chapel by Clarence Snodgrass, minister of the Church of Christ. Burial will be in the Tuscola cemetery-Guerrant has been released on $3,000 bond set by Justice of Peace I). M. Campbell of Lamesa. Bennett said. The shooting followed an argument In Guer-rant’s cafe, according to the sheriff. Staggs died Immediately. One bullet entered the upper part of his chest. Staggs had formerly lived in Lamesa, but had lately been employed in the oil fields 'at Odessa and had returned to Lamesa Saturday on a visit. He Is survived by his father and step-mother, Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Staggs of Tuscola; four brothers, M A and E E of Abilene, W W. of O'Donnell and Jasper Staggs of San Diego, Calif ; and a sister, Mrs. Harry Lowe of San Diego. Postoffice to Close Memorial Day will be observed Tuesday by the postoffice. O. A. Hale, postmaster, announced. Deliveries will not be made and no window service will be available. Nazi Re-Captured DALLAS, May 3!—(JPV-The Dallas office of the FBI said today a prisoner of war, Nicola Mangierei, who escaped a work detail near au c.MMMvv.  ...... — - bomber Monticello. Ark. May 26. was re- 82 land had been in England since captured the next day near Little TEMPERATURES Mon Sun Sun-Sat 62    ti Z—    I—    75    74 BO    60—    2—    78    76 59    SO—    3—    77    78 SH    60—    4 -    67    77 58    60    5—    70    74 57    SS    6-    72    64 59 59— 7— 71 63 I.    ,    ,    ,    ,, 85    hi    8 .    HR    68    been    missing    In    action,    since a raid .,<)    as    t -    45    vs    ovpr    Germany    March    23, He was 75    73 .-It    62    63    an engineer-gunner    on 78    75- -    12—    61 SERGEANT KRAATZ a Purim Sunset 5 34 .    morning    •    »    February it tonight  ........  8J» Rock, Ark. ;