Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 28, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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VOL. LXIII, NO. 345 A TEXAS 2mUf NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 28, 1944 —-THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN TURKE SKC IIONS
Associated Press (AP) United Press (UP.) PRICE FIVE CENTS
infantrymen Invade Hew Pacific Island
Heavy Shellfire Pours Into Nazis Escape Route
ALLIES GAIN STEADILY ■ALONG 80-MILE FRONT
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May 27—(AP)— ^.merican armored forces fought their way into the town of Artena, only 2 1-2 miles from the strategic Cassina highway, and tonight began pouring a heavy shellfire into this main escape route for eight German divisions comprising the bulk of the Nazi forces below Rome.
While American tanks and field guns kept the enemy Retreat line under fire, other American Fifth Army forces in their closest drive toward Rome threatened the town of Velletri, 18 miles from the outskirts of the capital. Velletri already was shrouded in smoke from blazing fires.
The Germans, apparently
‘Army Engineers City-Slicker” Fifth's Recons
By GEORGE TUCKER ^ EIGHTH EVACUATION HOSPITAL, Fifth Army in Italy, May 27—(/p)—Fifth Army combat engineers pulled a fast one on their pals of an advance Fifth Army reconnaissance group—and thereby participated in the historic handshaking when junction with the Anzio beachhead forces was made two
Pie. Daniel P. Duffy, Charlestown. ^Mass., laughed as he told how the engineers had “city-slicked" the reconnaissance group which fqr days had been counting on being the first to break through and greet the advance beachhead units. va “Recon’ couldn't get by until we repaired the bridges," said Duffy, now confined to the hospital with pneumonia, an illness he had disregarded to be in on the big show.
• We would arrive at a bridge just after it had been blown up by th* ^Germans, That’s how close we were behind them. When we got to the last culvert scores of Italians swarmed around cheering and helping us fill the road. Since there wasn't anything for our platoon to do we hurried up the road and made 6* contact with the beach forces" Twenty minutes later the reconnaissance group roared up.
“I've never seen a madder outfit than when they found we'd already done the handshaking and had our (J pictures taken,” Duffy said, adding that the captain was “as mad as a wet hen.”
“ ‘This is the lousiest trick I ever heard of.’” the engineer quoted the captain as saying.
MAJOR EQUALS GENTILE MARK
alarmed over the plight of their large forces to the southeast, threw reserves into the fight to keep the Americans from blocking the all-important Via Casilina—Highway Six—Associated Press Correspondent Daniel De Luce wrote from the front tonight.
In the town of Artena American doughboys wrere waging a house-to-house battle with the Germans, De Luce reported. Artena. itself an important road junction behind the retreating Nazi Tei*.h army was reached after a spectacular drive of nine miles in one day.
De Luce said the Germans had attempted a sharp counter-attack on the secondary highway between Velletri and Artena but that American artillery was covering the Via Casilina and shells were falling on German positions 15 miles from Rome.
The Allied armies advances steadily along the entire 80-mile active front today.
American Fifth Army forces forging a ring around the Pontine marshes stormed through the mountain town of Sezze, the largest town yet taken in the Allied offensive, developing a second threat to the main German forces.
Gift of $50,000 to the Hardin-Simmons university $500,-000 building and endowment fund by an ex-student and his wife was announced last night by J. D. Sandefer Jr., at the annual banquet of the Ex-Student association.
Sandefer, chairman of the HSU board of trustees, did not announce the name of the donors.
The $50,000 will be paid over a period of several months and is to be applied on construction of a Sandefer Memorial Building, in memory of Dr. Jefferson Davis Sandefer. for 34 years president of Hardin-Simmons. The donors were very close friends of Dr. Sandefer and his family.
The gift raised the total pledged sofar in the campaign to $125,000. Previously Baptist churches of Abilene had pledged $50,000 and others had pledged about $25,000. Of this amount more than $25,000 has been paid.
The drive was launched early this year, and will be extended through the fall.
Plans call for use of $200,000 for endowments and $300,000 for building, the Sandefer Memorial being the principal building planned. During the summer various members of the Hardin-Simmons administrative staff and friends of the university plan to visit churches of Texas to outline objectives of the campaign and to show how Christian education may be supported through contributions. Mast of the Baptist churches in the Abilene vicinity expect to participate in the program.
Because of Rain
By HARRY HOLT
Nurtured by the week-long gentle rains, the scrawny small grain crop of a blustery April is going to turn intu a full-fledged golden harvest in June ... a harvest that will put at least five million clinking dollars in the pockets of
The fields of half-ripe wheat today are waving in a mild May breeze only because of patience of farmers who still believe the law of average allows them to make enough wheat to keep their seed. These same windy spring days that finally delivered a face-lifting rain lapped the grain crop to within a hair’s breadth of destruction, for during the first IO days of this month most growers were on the veige of grazing the fields to salvage what they could.
The picture didn t change overnight. but it did over a 10-day period, beginning May IR when the
LEAP 200 MILES NEARER PHILIPPINES, EAST INDIES
By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor
American infantrymen fought their way ashore on Biak island in the Schouten group yesterday in another 200 mile leapfrog advance toward* the western tip of New Guinea, established a firm beachhead and began driving toward
three Japanese airdromes.
* For strategic purposes this marks the end of the New Guinea campaign,” Gen. Douglas MacArthur said in announcing the action today. “We have now secured bases of departure for an advance to the vital areas of the Philippines and the Netherlands East Indies.”
American and Australian cruisers and destroyers engaged in an artillery duel with shore guns before infantrymen landed in the face of Japanese mortar and automatic weapon fire. Some of the j Allied naval craft were damaged in the exchange between the big guns, but infantry j losses were reported light.
From their beachhead a seven mile fight raced the landing forces before they could reach the near-cst of Biak’s three airdromes, the ; Dutch New Guinea. May 27—
. —. _ I tfL-i-. 4 Ka A On ,x> Va i nnnd I Alif
Island Invasion Moves Smoothly, On Old Pattern
BV ASAHEL BUSH Associated Press War ( orrespondent
U. S. ARMY HEADQUARTERS,
CLARK DECORATES LAWN SOLDIER—Proud keepers of Ilr,'t general rains fen SmcP then center of an enemy's aerial hornet’s Thrice the AJO whipped low os_« the picture reproduced above are Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Patter- there has hardly been a let-,,r> onH n,*sf !he beachhead an rom
son of Lawn. It shows Gen. Mark Clark, commander of the the cool weather afforded
there has hardly been a let-up and nest.
American 5th Army in Italy, pinning the Silver Star medal upon their son, Sgt. Robert E. Patterson, 636th Tank Destroyer battalion. The picture was taken in Italy March ll. Sergeant Patterson volunteered three years ago, was placed in the 36th division at Camp Bowie, and has served with the “Texas” outfit continuously, including all the North African and Italian campaigns. His 15-year-old son resides with his parents at Lawn.
Berlin, French Coast Shaken by Bombs
that time has allowed kernels of bardment which preceded the in wheat, oats and barley to stretch j vasion cut American losses, but did
The heavy naval and air bom- pit we could see the invasion rf
Biak island proceeding along a
Caldwell Asks For Bond Buyers
War Finance Chairman C. M.
Capture of Sezze brought the Americans squarely up against a new defense lipe which two German divisions have tried to establish in the Lepini hills northeast of the marshes to protect the flank of the German troops in the Liri valley
and their principal route of retreat ___
along the Via Casilina toward Caldwell appealed to Taylor coun-
The main bodies of the tw Army forces, whose patrols joined earlier in the week, now were less than IO miles apart.
The Germans, apparently growing desperate about the plight of their forces at the center of the front near the junction of the American
their rusty sides under the protecting umbrella of dripping clouds. When the sun returns, they will have stretched to the point that the grain harvest in 12 West Texas counties will be about double what it would have otherwise been, and about three times the 1943 yield.
• * •
A survey of the 12 counties shows that there are approximately 260.000 acres of reheat to be harvested and It Is estimated that the yield will average from nine to IO bushels per acre, or a $3,000,000 wheat crop. The income from oats will almost equal that of wheat, (hie to the higher yield of spring oats and the favor-
growdngly familiar pattern.
It was two hours after the Initial wave of veteran infantrymen—had
not prevent the Japanese from putting up a strong defense both against the landing and the start hit the shore. Already troops were
• * * ,.. a. 4 Vt a tfaa _ I irs Ari
of the march inland.
From Biak's airdromes MacArthur'* bombers would be within easy bombing range of the Philippines. OOO miles to the northwest.
“Results of the offensive launched in this theater eleven months ago," MacArthur said, “have more than fulfilled my most optimistic expectations."
Two hundred miles back of the latest invasion, sharp fighting was reported around the Maffin air-
fanning out along the tree-lined roast on southeastern Biak. One large column progressed at least a mile and a half along a road running west toward Bosnek village and the yellow coral Mokner airstrip beyond.
Thcie were beach fires in two places. Biak is a large island, with plenty of space for the enemv to regroup and reorganize. The prospects are for at least a strong defense in the vicinity of the airfields.
i / I . .1* V ll drome. U. S. Sixth army troops cap
able price for the favorite of entitle! of equipment. They
I he estimated yields by counties 13TSfc»"®f fleld
From a 200-foot altitude, there
_ _r _ was little sign of activity in the
co I in" rd "22 5 dead Japanese around zone beyond the American line of
runs from five and six bushels in
Nolan and Scurry counties, w-here 1 a*new offensive in central China
advance. Bosnek village, some three Japanese war lords have launch- miles west of the beachhead, ap-
the drouth was more prolonged, to I new series of attacks was re-
LONDON Sunday May 28—(AP)—The great Allied pre- 12 to 15 bushels for Callahan. Run- yesterday bv Chungking.
invasion annal offensive, which sent nearly 6,000 bombers -“J ^.7" I “* *Mto"
and fighters thundering against Hitler’s transportation ays- | bush'els per vm reportcd tem yesterday, roared on past midnight with alerts sounding in Berlin and the English shores shaking from violent explosions along the French coast.
The Folkestone area, across 1
the narrow Strait of Dover from France, got one of its
tians Saturday nhht to “take up £reatest jpltings of the war- me mgm Air raia v
,’o Fifth iv u.. i iv, mint v' vvmH h°uses shaking, furniture sounde<j in the Berlin
I the slack in the county * bond sales i : hun pi rift rn nm ttutirr,* in nth
fighters getting 36.
Apparently the Allied aerial attacks were being carried on into the night. Air raid warnings were area and the
LONDON. May 27—UP)—Maj. James A. Goodson, commander of a P-51 Mustang squadron, has destroyed 15 planes in the * air and 15 on the ground-m equalling the mark of 30 for this theater set by Capt. Don Gentile of Piqua, Ohio.
Goodson's record was disclosed today when he was among five American airmen decorated by Lt. Gen. Carl A. Spaatz, commander of U. S. Strategic Air Forces, at Air Force headquarters.
See ITALY, P*. 13, Col ^
Munitions Output Behind Schedule
WASHINGTON, May 21—(IP)— Munitions production in April dropped 3 percent behind schedule and 2 percent under March.
The War Production board, reporting this today, described the slump as "a definite lag behind the rising schedule which was planned from March until November." and not a continuation of the planned decline in January and February.
Chairman Donald M. Nelson revealed for the first time that the production goal for 1944 has been cut to “somewhat less than $69,-000,000,000” from the original objective of $82,000,000,000.
— still more than $100,000 short of the month’s $231,700 quota.
May sales stood at approximately $111,000 yesterday.
In a statement to The Reporter-News, Mr. Caldwell said:
"I’m sorry we didn't make the quota in April and am just expressing hope that the good citizens of Taylor county will rally to the need of our government and especially our men in service and put over the May quota.
“We are more than $100,000 short. I believe there are 3,000 persons rn Taylor county who could buy an $18.75 bond now. I believe there are 2,000 who could buy a $37.50 bond. I believe there are 1.000 who could buy a $75 bond. IOO a $375 bond and 50 a $750 bond. Tills would put us way over the quota Let s do that, friends, for our boys."
bouncing and doors banging! radio stations in other cities told again and again from the vi-jof the penetration of enemy planes
® - - * a I srsirx Dolob
brations of the cross-channel j in,° the Rclch explosions. Flares and bomb explosion flashes lit the channel sky.
The attack yesterday was one of the greatest coordinated blows ever struck from bases in England and Italy as wave after wave of bombers and fighters roared over the European continent.
A DNB broadcast said Berlin had had a half-hour alert when Allied bombers approached from the north along the Elbe estuary.
Hamburg also had an alert of about the same duration and Allied activity over the industrial Rhineland and Westphalia was reported.
However, at 4 a. rn. <9 p. rn CWT* the German air force network reported the Reich was clear of raiders.
A possibility that the Mediterranean air force was striking into the Balkans at night also was indicated as the Budapest radio left the air before midnight.
From Britain a force of approximately 2,000 American heavy bombers and figKters struck deep into trance and Germany in a six-pronged attack on Rhineland rail hubs and aircraft factories and airdromes.
This report, obtained from AAA offices, where farm figures are compiled. show that there are approximately 50.000 acres more wheat In tile 12 counties than In 194J and that the acreage of Otis is considerably larger.
Runnels county has the largest wheat acreage, 35,000 acres, which is 10,000 acres larg'T than a year ago. Triple-A committeemen in that county placed the county-wide yield at 12 to 15 bushels. Oats are not as good as wheat and harvest of this crop had started before the rain, with buyers coming to the farmer's field and paying 75 cents per bushel for the feed. .
At the Mokmer airstrip, another
four miles west, the runway, taxiways and dispersal areas looked completely devoid of planes, vehi-! des, stores or any usual Impedimenta cluttering airfields.
Berakot airdrome, second of the J chain of three Biak strips, was visible in the distance. It too appeared desolated.
At 7:15 a. rn., barge-bome infan-! try from destroyer transports first
I hit the beach east of Bosnek vil
lage. They were followed by infantry from landing craft which Grady Fulbright Jr., 23. of Waco, were able to tie up to Japanese-
died at the American Legion swim- built jetties and send troops ashore
Hee BIAR, Pg. IT. rot *
Waco Man Dies Swimming Here
ming pool at noon Saturday.
Bovs who were with him said hp
without getting a single foot wet. The secondary landing was made
was sitting on the diving board • at Cape Garfia. cast of Bosnek. to and fell off backwards, hitting the protect the right flank of the
Slain Doctor Had Gun, Witness Soys
WASHINGTON, May 27—i.TV-Testimony that Dr. John E. Lind had been seen with a gun in a large envelope on three occasions in 1939
At least 12 important railroad junctions, five airfields, two aircraft repair factories and several railroad bridge were among the targets blasted by well over 6,000 tons of exploding steel.
Some of the attackers eneounter-
was introduced today by counsel for fighter opposition while others explosives on the Ludwigshafen rail
At the same time fighter-escorted American “heavies based in Italy thundered into southeastern France for the third straight day, lashing at rail installations, in heavy blows at Nimes, Avignon and Marseille.
Between 750 and 1.000 Liberators and Fortresses from Britain pound- j n*»* sund»y, wiih K»u»r«d thawers
rail it Manti ■*nd thundershower* In net Ria—I Atis
ed German rail center at Mann pggg Artd gnd eg*i „f the rem* river.
helm, Ludwigshafen, Saarbrucken Monday parti % flood), warmer In Pan-and Karlsruhe, the Rhineland in- h«ndl« *n\^UiMR at URI s dustrial city 150 miles north of Munich.
They dumped some 2,500 tons of
water very hard. He was under the beachhead surface, they said, for about a minute before they realized he was „ . „ . . , not clowning. They dived for him,
Haskell county has a large acreage anc) firM al(lers policemen and
firemen were summoned Dr. Erie D. Sellers, who was called to the pool said it was not determined whether the boy drowned, or died from injury received when he fell.
Artificial respiration was given
See GRAIN ( ROP, Pg. 13, Col. 7
The Japanese fired anti-alr-eraft guns from ridge positions behind the bearh. The first and second waves drew enemy fire.
Bv the time our planes arrived. the destroyers and cruisers which delivered the prelanding bombardment were firing into the hills.
I), a. DEPARTMENT OF COM ME IU E VV FATHI K RI RI Vt
ABILENE AND VK (MTT: < on*ld-
rnblt cloudiness today and Monday. Scattered showers and thunderstorms today.
FAST TEXAS: Considerable cloud!
ness Sunday and Monday. Scattered showers and thunderstorm* Sunday and In north port'on and upper coast area Monday Fresh wind, on the roast.
WEST TEXAS: Considerable
Apparently the ground force*
for about an hour and 15 minutes. foun(j other enemy gun positions The bodv was taken to Laughter on a low wooded hill behind Mok-funeral home.
An ambulance from
mer. Our fight of Bostons from Wilkerson tlle “devil's own” unit were asked to
and Hat* h of Waco was to come them over.
The pilot of the 'Tiny Might" born Oct. 12, 1920. was j swept Uie length of the hill in a quick survey run, then twice retraced the route, e ing bombs and sir gun fire. Other planes in the flight
See BYE WITNESS, Pg. IS. Col. •
for the body Saturday night.
Fulbright, visiting his aunt, Mrs. Roy Caw-eiYudi-1 thon. 1002 Palm He was the son of tYaced the route, each time unloos-Mr. and Mrs. Grady Fulbright of mK bombs and streams of machine Waco.
No funeral arrangements had been made Saturday night.
Robert I Miller, accused of murder ing the doctor.
Shortly before the defense rested its case. Archie K. Shipe, an attorney and surprise witness, testified that in professional contacts with Dr. Lind five years ago he had seen the doctor with a gun which resembled one found in an envelope in Lind's car February 21 when he was shot and killed on a downtown street.
made their raids unmolested, the U. S. Eighth Air Force said in announcing that 24 bombers and seven fighters were missing. In addition ll U. S. medium bombers were lost in other phases of the widespread assault
yards, at yards in southwest Germany and on aircraft engine repair plants in the French chias of Metz | and Strasbourg.
The Allied Expeditionary Ail! Force sent hundreds of lighter craft against Hitlers westwall de-
— HI ..
— HI ..
At least 49 Nazi planes were shot fenses from British bases, and the down in the main attacks by the ; Paris radio said three suburban fleeting flying from Britain, bomber , districts of the former French cap-gunners claiming 13 and escorting I ital were among the targets.
Hi — SLI ...... in ...... — HT
ll — HS .... n ...... — HI
T I — SS ll . . — KS
High and low temperatures to Ll p in. *9 and H'J,
High and low ssme date lait year 98 and 13
Hansel last night 8:37.
Sunrise this morning 6:34.
Sunset tonight: 8:38.
BIG PUSH-SWEATING, PRAYING, SWEARING, SHAKING
Bv KENNETH L. DIXON
ON THE ITALIAN FRONT. May
the night through barbed wire.
thev close in on 1 OU shaking
minefields and booby traps which and wrecking the whole world
to those who now remain behind. (They don’t have screams back
• Delayed)—i/Pi—You read about ^aVp been months In preparation and then you disperse and take at the training camp
IT’S MONSOON TIME AGAIN—Monsoon time—a period of ^Jieavy, relentless rain—is on its way again in the Burma* ^ndia theater to slow up Allied operations against the Japanese. This map shows the way the wind blows and the degrees of rain during the summer monsoon, which usually lasts from June until September.
the big push in the papers. Maybe you understand what it means to the soldier,--maybe you don’t, being as far from Italy as you are.
Anyhow, here are a few notes which have nothing to do with maps and pins or world strategy but which are
part of the push just same: kinnitm l Dixon
“It means starting forward in
. seeing out of the corner of cover. There is no cover so you j It means hearing thf German your eye but refusing to look when scratch frantically at the dirt to machine gunsI and machine pistols
bursts of exploding flame mark the get Just a little protection spot to right or left where someone : (You
firing from well protected nests
used to read about such somewhere ahead ... and knowing
took his last step . . . gritting your ' barrages and imagine yourself in that someone will have to go in and
teeth, sweating, praying, swearing, the middle of them, but you always try to get them , . . th y
but still go-; thought about the shells bursting be you and ii it is ta
• ... _I.**fVvat \ tViQf VAH ll nAVpr cfi home hlirhi
now you know that I that you’ll neve; go home again
It means stepping on bodies at
ing forward. . .
(In some cases our engineers I often they don’t Just tall around thpm in
have stealthily cleared out mine- you—and you know the next ones night and out 01 , .
fields ahead of the troops in tile probably will burst light on you )
night, and when the men charged across them they found the Oer- of the wounded and
some are newly slain
iDuaui) n iii wuihv * v I * WWvaF __
It mew. lignin* is men X'd.ed fight! pVis'on'er‘S,,f'war sitby Hie roadside watching as Allied ar
mg over these sectors months ago ,nored vehicles speed onward to form that junction between
GERMAN PRISONERS WATCH ALLIED MIGHT—Nail
mans had re-sown as stealthily.!
It means when the enemy alerts
the mines Just to turn back to help them . and you’re not sure that mavbc it isn t
and you notice that in death
easier to keep going ahead than to there lin t a great deal of difference
Ii means »lien me cueing ^aoic, w —— ----
to the advance the barrages begin | face the horror of what happened | in friendly and enemy boules.
the Fifth and Eighth Armies, against which they had fought so madly for so many months. (NEA Telephoto),ti