Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 27, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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• VOL. LXIII, NO. 344
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 27, 1944 -EIGHT PAGES
Associated Preu (AP) United Preu (UJP.) PRICE FIVE CENTS
Allied Trap Closing on Germans
By the Associated Press
A More rain was in prospect for saturated Texas areas today, to add new threat to thousands of acres of farm land in Central Texas already under water left by down-•pours during the last two days.
Valley farms along: the Lampasas river were covered by runaway waters, and many more acres in the three forks area A south of Temple, where the ^ Lampasas and Leon rivers converge to form the Little river were inundated. The Little river, already rampaging, apparently awaited the influx of Lampasas river floodwaters be-A fore spreading out over lands in the Milam county sector.
In other Texas farming areas the weather situation, described as "serious,” was hampering crop operations.
RADIO PREPARES NAZIS FOR ROME’S FALL Troops Two
LONDON, May 27—(IP)—'The Germans have opened a propaganda campaign preparing for the fall of Rome, and through the Vichy radio have spread reports that Nazi forces would retire to a new defense line to the north without defending the city.
Quoting a German military spokesman, the Vichy broadcast last night said capture of Rome "would bring no new element in the general conduct of the war except for the prestige which would be gained by this success.”
Announcement that the city would not be defended was seen in London as possibly carrying a double purpose:
1. To ease the shock among the German people and Hitler’s satellites when the city falls.
2. To set the stage for placing responsibility on the Allies for any damage the Eternal City
With the Fifth army driving against the last line of defense less than 20 miles to the south, gunfire already could be heard in Rome—pictured by neutral reports as a city of confusion, rumors and hunger.
Competent military men in London feel Rome itself is incapable of withstanding a long siege and that once the last defenses have been broken the enemy possibly may withdraw into the mountains above the city.
While on various occasions the Germans have tried to designate Rome as an open city, their claim never has been accepted by the Allies. From a military standpoint it would be virtually impossible for them to make any stand in front of the city without at least using it as a military depot, because of its position as the hub of rail traffic.
# Rains were fairly general from the Panhandle to the Texas Gulf and the Louisiana border. The Brazos river was due for a rise at Waco.
In Amarillo 2.02 inches of rain had fallen over a 24-hour period,
Sky Invaders Strike
FOUR GERMAN AND TWO FRENCH CITIES BLASTED
Rainfall here in 24 hours to 7:30 a. rn. was .32 inch, the weather bureau reported. This brought the month's total to 4.71 inches and the year to 10.22 inches. The forecast was for continued showers.
and steady rains were reported over the entire Panhandle. Precipitation at Pampa had amounted to 2.77.
A genera! rain soaked the South Plains during the past 48 hours. V Western Lamb and eastern Bailey counties reported an estimated 4 50 inches Thursday and Friday, while 1.38 inch was gauged in Lubbock. The rain extended from Floydada to Seminole, from Post to Muleshoe Aand Plainview to Lamesa, ranging • from .50-inch to 2.50 inches.
LONDON, May 27.—(A*)—An armada of up to 1.000 American Lib-1 eratoi s and Flying Fortresses smashed railroad targets at four German towns and aircraft plants in two French cities today in a powerful renewal of the Allied preinvasion aerial battering of Hitler’s Europe.
The German centers of Karlsruhe, Mannheim, Ludwigshaf-
Italian Bombers Assault France
en and Saarbrucken, and craft plants at the French cities of Metz and Strasbourg were pounded by the giant forces.
The American headquarters announcement said the heavy bombers were out in ' very strong forces'' —750 to 1,000 in number.
Britain-based heavy craft were grounded yesterday because of weather conditions, but the Allies kept the day-night assault thundering with attacks on Europe by lighter craft from Britain and with Italy-based four-enginer bombers striking southern French rail centers.
WAR AT A GLANCE
ITALY—Germans defeated in tank battles; Fifth army closing in on Nazis’ last escape route.
GERMANY—American bombers resume sky invasion of Europe.
RUSSIA— Russian bombers blast German troopships in Barents sea north of Norway.
BURMA—Allied troops gain ground at Myitkyina; Chinese rapture Warong; Japs suffer heavy casualties.
The Lubbock Avalanche-Journal said the Plainview wheat area was greatly benefitted, that some row crops would have to be replanted. a but that the moisture was "general-• ly welcomed.”
Precipitation was slow and soaking—totaling 1.02 inch Friday—at Wichita Falls. Bowie got 1.25, Graham .75 and .20 of an inch at Eleo tra.
m Additional rainfall amounting to .35 fell Friday night at Stamford.
Parley Majority 'Not Democrats’
AUSTIN, May 27,-(UP>-Rep. ^Lyndon B. Johnson of the 10th Tex-
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Na
pies, May 27. — (/P) — Italy-based American heavy bombers today attacked rail facilities in southeastern France for the third successive day.
Four railroad yards, inclvraing two at Marseille, and two airdromes, were blasted, an announcement said.
Tactical airforce fighter bombers found fewer targets today on Italian roads, but destroyed and damaged at least 128 vehicles, it added.
A force of Liberators with Lightning escorts blasted railyards at Nimes, 30 miles inland in the Rhone valley, hitting tracks and shops.
Fortresses bombed the Avignon railyards, 40 miles from the south of the Rhone while other formations hammered the two railyards at Marseille and enemy airdromes at Salon, 20 miles northwest of that French city, and at Montpellier-Airmargues, 15 miles southwest of Nimes.
A few enemy fighters were met near Nimes, the bulletin said, but the other Allied formations were bothered only by moderate flak.
The Yugoslav port by Razanik. IO miles north of Zara on the Dalmatian roast, also was bombed by Fortresses.
It was the second assault In a little more than 12 hours on the chemical center of Ludwigshafen, hit last night by RAP Mosquitos which also pounded the Rothe Erde rail yards at Aachen.
Tfte Btrlin radio said the Rhineland cities of Karishruhe and Mannheim had been hit with "substantial quantities” of explosives and incendiaries. It added that weather conditions had kept all but a few of Germany's fighter interceptors from making contact with the American bomber formations and their escorts.
London observers said that Allied formations including hundreds of Flying Fortresses and Liberators crossed the channel for three hours
Nazis Refuse to Protect Airmen
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May 27.—(AP) —Thrusting close to the Via Casilina, last German escape route from the main front, Fifth army reconnaissance elements were reported today in the vicinity of Artena, about two and a half miles from Valmontone, strong point in the center of the Nazi defense line below Rome.
Thirty-six miles to the southwest of this spearpoint flung out of the Anzio beachhead, Germans on the main front were defeated in heavy tank fighting and fell back, leaving masses of equipment, including tanks, behind them.
Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark’s reconnaissance troops in the Artena area* pacing the drive from the beachhead, had advanced about 12 and a half miles north of the former
beachhead perimeter after the Allies beat back sharp enemy counterattacks, in which 15 huge Tiger tanks participated.
An official report said the enemy appeared to be pulling back heavy artillery from the Cisterna-Val-montone road.
See AIR WAR Pg. 2 Col. 3
RAF Mines Virtually Halt Danube's Traffic
as district today said the pro-Roosevelt group that held a separate convention here Tuesday did not bolt a Democratic convention.
"Never have I bolted a Demo-c r a 11 c convention.” Johnson * said. "I use the word never advisedly. Before Democrats withdrew Tuesday and organized their convention in the house hall, the majority in control of the senate gathering demonic strated by four acts that they were not democrat^”
Johnson specified as these acts a refusal to pledge support to the nominees: selecting electors to support nominees only upon conditions: »setting up machinery to prevent ^Texas electoral vote being counted for the national nominees; and rejection of majority rule.
He said never before had one state the “gall” to lay down an ultimatum to the other 47.
Former Gov. James V. Allred whom the pro-Roosevelt forces had put up for temporary convention chairman and numerous other pro-Roosevelt supporters did not leave with Johnson and others, m Buck Taylor, candidate against ^Johnson, also issued a statement saying: “The people of this district have a right to know whether their congressman has forsaken the Democratic party of the state."
Exchange Vessel Docks at Belfast
BELFAST, May 27.—((P)-The Swedish liner Gripsholm, carrying British, Canadian and American prisoners of war and civilians who were exchanged for Germans at Barcelona, arrived off Belfast today.
She sailed from Algiers last Sunday after discharging some of her passengers who were too ill to travel.
George Moore Dies
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May 27.—i/P)—A new series of mining operations, covering hundreds of miles of the Danube river —the vital water highway of the Balkans—has been completed by Royal Air Force Liberators and Wellingtons of the strategic air force, it was announced officially today.
Minin? of the Danube, carried out at low altitude and at night, has effectively reduced German waterway traffic to the eastern front
"The difference in Danube traffic now, compared with the first time we went out, is like the difference between Main street on Saturday night and a country lane,” said an RAF Liberator rear gunner, Sgt. William MacGuffie, Whitehaven, Cumberland, England.
STOCKHOLM, May 27—(/Pi Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels writing in the Volkischer Beobachter declared today that the Nazi government no longer w’ouid give Allied airmen bailing out over Germany police and military protection against wrathful civilians.
"Anglo-American terror fliers,” he wrote, "in recent w'eeks, besides bombing at random residential quarters, have openly and directly without showing any respect for international war conventions, started an attack on the German civilian population, firing at them and murdering them cold-bloodedly.”
"It is only possible to protect the life of an enemy pilot shot down after such an attack with the aid of armed force as they would otherwise by lynched by the affected population,” Goebbels said, then added:
“It would be asking too much of us if we were expected to employ German soldiers to protect the murderers of children against parents seized by panic and rage.”
The article did not say whether German civilians had attempted to attack British or American airmen forced to land in the Reich.
OPA Writ Against Ward Is Affirmed
CHICAGO, May 27—(ZP)—An injunction restraining Montgomery Ward and company from selling any goods at prices above Office of Price administration ceilings was upheld yesterday by the U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
The injunction, issued last Sept. 7 by Federal Judge John P. Barnes, covered all the items sold by the company the OPA having asked for the order after originally charging that the mail order house sold women's and children's outer garments at above-ceiling prices.
Surging up the Liri valley, the Eighth army defeated the Germans in a furious tank battle west of the Melfa river, knocking out 12 tanks.
Then Canadian and British forces pushed to within two miles of Arte, near the confluence of the Liri and Sacco rivers, and to within two or three miles of Ceprano. important road junction on the C'as-sino-Rome highway.
These vital road junctions control communication* at the head of the Liri valley where Highway Six (the Via Casilinia) begins its long, straight stretch through a wide valley to Rome.
Desperate Nazis threw in rein forcements at several danger points,
NEW YORK, May 27—</P>— I>avid Anderson in a NRC report from London quoted the Vichy radio today as saying the Russians have started an offensive on the eastern front.
No details were given and there was no confirmation from any other source.
ALLIED FORCES MEET IN ITALY—One of the first pictures showing the main body ol the 5th army uniting with Anzio beachhead forces depicts Sgt. W. Cumber, London, greeting Sgt. I). Russell, St. Louis, Mo., in the Pontine marshes of Italy. General Mark C lark, commander of the 5th, is pictured in the bottom photo as he arrived at the Pontine marsh juncture point with British troops. A U. S. officer from the main 5th army stands at right with Clark. These are ofticial British photos, top by NEA and bottom by AP. _
England, Reich Clear Rails for Invasion Traffic
Burma Bastion Falls
and used more armor and mobile forces against the Eighth army's Liri valley thrust than at any previous time in the Italian campaign.
Field Marshal Albert Kesselring rushed a hurried assembled battle group of the 334th German infantry division from the Adriatic sector into the line against the Fifth army forces, including the French, who are advancing northward toward Ceprano.
But these reinforcements were beaten back and the Allies captured both San Giovanni and Pastena, both heavily-defended strong points.
Boring steadily into enemy defenses further west, the French seized Monte Rotondo and Monte Quattodorci, and yesterday reached the outskirts of Amasemo, eight miles west of Pastena,
An Allied official spokesman declared "a tremendous amount of motor movement” was observed further southwest, where other Fifth army troops crossed the As-emo river and took the village of Castella Valentino.
“AU the German divisions
George R. Moore. 1826 Sycamore, died about 9 a. rn. today in his typewriter exchange office, 542 Pine Funeral arrangements will be announced from Laughter funeral home.
^Alcohol Diversion For Liquor Urged
WASHINGTON. May 27—— Chairman McCarran (D-Nev) of *the senate liquor shortage investigating committee was understood today to have drafted a report suggesting that at least 20,000,000 gallons of alcohol could be diverted to whisky manufacture without injury to the war program.
^ The tentative findings, submitted to other members of the committee. it was learned, contain a warning that the nation can not ignore "social evils” growing out of the ihortage of a safe supply of alcoholic beverages.
I S. DEl’ARTMl NT OF COMMISCE WEATHER HI KEA I
ABILENE AND VICINITY: Mostly cloudy with occasional thunderstorms this afternoon, tonight- and Sunday. Continued mild temperature!..
EAST TEXAS Considerable cloud) ness and scattered thundershowers, except on the lower coast and in the Rio Grande valley this afternoon, tonight and Sunday.
WEST TEXAS -Considerable cloudiness this afternoon, tonight and Sunday with light rain in the Panhandle and South Plains area this afternoon and tonight. Warmer in Panhandle Sunday afternoon.
Maximum temperatures ............ SH
Minimum temperatures ........... 62
Total precipitaion since 7:30 a. rn. yesterday. .32 inch.
Total this month, 4,61 inches Total since first of year. 10.22 inches Total same period last year, 8.12 inches.
Normal, 9.49 inches.
Sat-Fri Fri-Thu A M Hour P M
63— I— 64 62 - I — 06 61- 3— 67 til— 4— 67
61— 5— 66
62— 6— 66 HI _ 7— 67 61— 8— 66 sa- »— 66
83— lf)— 64 65—11— 64 65-12— 63
lo Chinese Soldiers
I Troop Ships Sunk by Reds
LONDON. May 27—f/Pi—The Russians reported today an air attack on German troop ships in the Barents sea north of Norway. It was the first time in months large-scale German troop movements had been noted in Arctic waters.
The midnight war bulletin from Moscow said two transports and a destroyer were sunk and three other ships damaged. Whether the ships were carrying new German forces to Norway or withdrawing some was not specified.
Earlier the Germans claimed to have shot down 69 of the 80 attacking Red fleet air force, but the Russians said only seven bombers were lost and ten German planes were downed.
Skirmishes southeast of Stanis-lawaw in old Poland comprised the only activity reported on the long eastern land front. German commentators claimed the high command knew the sector from which the Reds were expected to launch their new offensive.
Imperial Palace at Berlin Destroyed
SOUTHEAST ASIA HEADQUARTERS, Randy, Ceylon, May 27.— (UP)—Chinese forces have captured Warong, Japanese stronghold 12 miles northeast of Kamamg in northern Burma, while in the Bis-henpur area a Japanese battalion virtually was annihilated and its commander killed, an Allied com munique said today.
Warong fell to a unit of the 38th Chinese division wltfch killed more than IOO Japanese lr the attack. The Chinese forces also inflicted heavy casualties on the Japanese north of Kamaing and captured a huge enemy supply dump after am-bashing a party of 16 Japanese, killing 14.
American and Chinese forces under Ll. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, advancing against heavy enemy fire from mortars and automatic weapons, drove a mile and a half closer to Myitkyina, where other Sino-American troops were still fighting the trapped Japanese defenders of the city.
StUweU's troops struck from Zig-yun, a few miles south of Mitkyina.
LONDON. May 27— <UP '—Both Britain and Germany ordered further cuts in train service today aa a step toward clearing railway lines for essential militfuv traffic in connection with the invasion and subsequent battles.
British railways announced that cheap fare railway journeys foi wives of British. Dominion. Colonial and Allied servicemen aould be reduced drastically beginning June I "due to the need for a progressive reduction in passenger services ”
All British passenger trains already were subject to cancellation without further notice. Despite the possibility that they may become straned in the country, however, thousands of londoners lined up at stations for available trains to the northwestern and Welsh coastal areas for the annual Whitsun holiday.
A Madrid dispatch to the London Daily Sketch told of the latest reduction in train service in Germany. All passenger travel in western Germany, presumably as far north as Denmark, has been banned from June I and inhabitants of Hamburg, Bremen, Essen, Dusseldcrl and Cclogne were warned to be prepared to go inland on 30 minutes' notice, the dispatch said.
Berlin Pledges Full : Reports on Invasion
Sunrise this morning
Sunset tonight ........... 8 37
WHERE ALLIES GAIN NEAR ROME ANI) CASSINO—Arrows show Allied drives on the Italian front. Beachhead forces took Coli, southeast of Rome, and drove on within two and a half miles of Valmontone, threatening to cut the Via Casilina escape route for Germans in the Liri valley. Vellctri was under attack. In the Cassino sector. Rorcasccca and Mt. Cairo were captured. Broken line shows where Germans were attempting to form a new front between Cor! and Pico. (AP Wirephoto).
STOCKHOLM. Mav 27 — (ZP)—The famed Imperial palace in Berlin was damaged badly ii. recent daylight raids, travellers arriving here from Germany reported.
Tie great throne room was hard hit, as was the chapel in which Frederick the Great was baptised. Since the Weimar republic the castle i as been used as a museum.
Twelve miles south of Bishenpur, Japanese counter attacks were repulsed and the enemy suffered heavy casualties.
Southeast of Kohtma. Allied forces occupied more enemy positions and south of Kohima, where the enemy had been showing signs of increased activity, a japanese raiding party was thrown back.
Heavy bombers of the eastern air command raided Naba, junction on the Myitkyina-Manadalav railway line on Thursday. R.A#' fighters and dive bombers hit Paletwa in Arakan on Thursday and Friday and long-range RAF fighters damaged a locomotive. rolling stock and railroad shelters in attacks on rail communications Friday north and west of Mandalay.
LONDON. May 27- T — Berlin radio told its listeners today it would give 'quick, reliable and elaborate” reports on the Invasion ol western Europe.
The station said that since presumably the main front would be in western Europe, "Werner Lo-jewskl, who hitherto has held an important post in the Berlin head office, will take over reporting aa a special correspondent from France."
(In New York the CBS listening post recorded a Berlin broadcast of an article by Propaganda Minister Goebbels in which the latter declared the entire Reich has to work in these weeks and months as if ii were a matter of life and death, and then added:
"No sign of weakness or resignation shall have a place among us. We fight for our naked existence. We know only too well what is at stake and we cannot afford to pass with empty phrases over the actual seriousness of the situation.**)
Returning Troops To Corry Malaria
LONDON, May 27.--<AP)—Radio France at Algiers, in a broadcast quoting Zurich reports, said today that after the Allied raid last Thursday on the French city of Mlhouse, prisoners of war interned in that region escaped. Mulhouse is 20 miles northwest of the junction of the French, German and Swiss I borders.
WASHINGTON. May 27.-uP'~-Malaria experts estimate that ovei a million troops will return to tim country as malaria carriers, say* Surgeon General T bemas Parran, of the U. S. Uublic Health service, and strict protective measures will be required to prevent outbreaks.
The estimate was disclosed beton the house appropriations commute! in hearings made public today.
Haze Over Straits
BARI. Italy. May 27—t.-P)—Mass desertions by Bulgarian troops in southeastern Yugoslavia were reported by the headquarters of the Yugoslav Partisan military mission today, with a spokesman asserting that morale is weakening noticeably as tension mounts rn the Balkans.
DOVER England. May 27.—</FV-Light clouds and a haze hung ovet the straits today and a mist in th< early hours made visibility poor A light southwesterly wind rippled the sea. The temperature a 9am was 56 degrees. The rometer rose during th* night.