Abilene Reporter News Newspaper Archives

- Page 1

Issue Date:
Pages Available: 26

About Abilene Reporter News

  • Publication Name: Abilene Reporter News
  • Location: Abilene, Texas
  • Pages Available: 844,884
  • Years Available: 1917 - 1977
Learn More About This Publication

About NewspaperArchive.com

  • 2.17+ Billion Articles and Growing Everyday!
  • More Than 400 Years of Papers. From 1607 to Today!
  • Articles Covering 50 U.S.States + 22 Other Countries
  • Powerful, Time Saving Search Features!
Find Your Ancestors Now

View Sample Pages : Abilene Reporter News, May 24, 1944

Get Access to These Newspapers Plus 2.17+ Billion Other Articles

OCR Text

Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 24, 1944, Abilene, Texas t BOND BOX SCORE Since Pearl Harbor May Quota itay v Abilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE'ICH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT MORNING VOL. L.XI1I, NO. 341 A TEXAS ABILENE, TEXAS WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 24, 1944 PACKS Asscclated {API Vnlltd Preti (VJ-.i PRICE FIVE CENTS 'Democrats Split Into Rival Conventions TEXAS DELEGATES DIVIDE .Germans, Allies Waging All-Out Battle Jn Italy; Destiny of Area War at Stake JOIH SIDES OPEN MAJOR OFFENSIVES; ALLIES GAIN ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May Massed Allied Armies on (he Anzio beachhead and on (he main Italian front offensives today, touching off a great battle which may determine the fates both of Rome and of the German 10th army within the next Qfew days. Paced by a terrific aerial onslaught which rained thous- ands of bombs on Nazi troop concentrations and communi- cations, American and British troops of the Fifth Army lashed out from the beachhead less than 20 miles from the of Rome under the personal direction of Lt. Gen. TVIark W. Clark, who had established field headquarters in the battle zone. Polish Patriots Go to Moscow :or Conference LONDON, Wednesday, May The pro-Russian national :ouncil of Poland has sent repre- ;entatives lo Moscow from Ger nan-occupied Polish territory, the vtoscow radio announced today, raising the possibility that the So- I'let union may recognize the coun- cil as the legal government of Po- tHouse Repeals Rail Rate Cut lo Government WASHINGTON, May a standing vote of 236 to 16 the today passed and sent to the legislation repealing "land grant" rail rate schedules under which the government enjoys a 51 per cent discount on shipments o! men and supplies of Ihe.-armed forces. ft The measure was approved after it had been attacked by opponents ?'ho contended, it would give the rail carriers additional-revenue o belween and annually at the expense of the. na- tion's taxpayers. 9 Prior -to passage, an unsuc- cessful attempt was made to amend the measure to provide for a uniform national freight rate structure on all rail ship- ments, a goal long souyht by the sonlh and southwest to elimi- nate what those, sections regard as discriminatory zone differen- tials. Between 1850 and 1870. the gov ernmcnt granted huge traces ot Ian from the public domain to railroac Ato encourage them to extend the' lines across the unsettled west. The land grants were made wit the agreement that all governmen shipments would be handled free o charge, but the carriers and th government compromised in 18' fcind agreed that the governmei should pay half regular commercia rates. Congress in 1940 passed law eliminating the reduction o all but military movements. Some acres of feder Jands were granted to the railroac 'An additional acres we granted, without rate concession by various states Including acres in Texas. Rep. Poage (D-Tex.) tried In vain to get the bill amended to provide a uniform rate structure. The Texan offered two other amendments, but they were rejected by a voice vote. One would require the railroads to return to the gov- ernment an estimated acres, exclusive of rights of way. they still possess. The other would require a general rate revision to reflect the additional revenues the railroads would get. land. The wording of the announce- Nazi-controlled radios said 'night that "American para- nrlists jumped in the Anzio eachhead attack, but German ositions are intact." The attack WES carried into Its tird straight night by RAFbomb- s which were heard 'roaring to- ard fortress Europe. Laater the erman radio reported "nuisance aiders" 'over Brandenburg prov- ice terrilory. Berlin lies in Bran enburg province. The broadcasts, from Berlin am 'aris, quoted Reinhardt Albrecht, German war reporter. It was not pedfied in what-area of the beach- cad the American parachute troops vere used or how many participated. Albrecht was quoted: "A general ffensive against all German fronts in" Italy had been launched with un- equalled fierceness. Drumfire of artillery continues without nterval. Concentrated fire 'from Allied naval'guns joins In." .j I Veteran American infantrymen' track toward Cistema in order to cut the Germans' principal line of communication with the 'main Italian front, and British Tommies hit directly toward Rome. The Swiss radio reported that Al- lied troops also were attacking at .he eastern extremity of the beaeh- .lead and had reached Lake Di Fog- llano, south of Uttoria and only SO miles from the main battleline near Terracina. On Ihe main Italian front Britons, Canadians and Poles of the. Eighth Army at the same time, smashed furiously at the main Hitler line defenses in the Liri valley, 35 miles east of the beachhead, and American and French divisions battered ahead on a rugged front extending from Pico down to Terracina on the sea. ment broadcast in the Russian language under sponsorship of the union of Polish Patriots In the So- viet capital suggested that the USSR had given up virtually all hope of conciliation with the led-PoIish government in Txm- Allied Bombs Continue Rain On Nazi-Land LONDON, May American heavy bombers es covted by the greatest fighte force ever sent on a single mis sion blasted Nazi air fields freight yards and other tar gets in occupied France am military objectives in wester: Germany today, rounding 1 hours of assault in which Allied planes rained ton of bombs on the enemy. More than 1.000 Thunderbolt n. Lightnings and Mustangs, some "In conditions which had arisen dfd duty ty descem ing to. strafe ground targets, a companied a force of Liberators an Flying Fortresses about 150-stroi on the daylight offensive inlo Frar.i and Germany. The escort force was In Poland under the bloody yoke of the German invaders It has be- come necessary to set up a cen- ter which would organize the struggle against Ihe Germans and which would coordinaate all the efforts of the Polish people In the cause of liberation ot their moth- erland from the the broadcast said. It was announced that the na- tional' council at its first meeting had decided to form a United Peoples Army (Lyudoviu Armiu) by merging all guerrilla groups, arm- ed detachments and military for- mations Nazi -Invar live vfs. .-V The broadcast said the represen- atlves of the council had come o Moscow -to establish contact with the USSR and other Allied overnments. the statement was issued y the Union of Polish patriots in he Soviet Union, the fact that it was broadcast from Moscow sug- ested that It had the approval of 'remier Stalin. DAN MOODY 3an Moody Made Delegation Head lo Convention AUSTIN. May Governor Dan Moody of Austin to day was named chairman of th Texas delegation lo Ihe Democratic national convention and George A.! Butler of Houston, chairman of the stale executive committee, was named vice-chairman of the dele- gation. Don Hinga of Houston was chos- en secretary. Governor Coke R. Stevenson had been mentioned as a possible head of the delegation but had not given assurances that he would accept. Oilman Dies f WICHITA FALLS, May L-. Graharn, Wichita holder of extensive oil properties, j died of a heart attack here today. It was the greatest Allied slrik- Ing force yet thrown into battle in this war outside the-Russia front. The foe, 17 divisions strong, was known to have been committed lo battle by Field Marshal Gen. Aiber Kcsselrlng in the hope of slaving off the disaster which Geri. Sir Harold Alexander promised him. The final battle for Rome migh not be long delayed. Newly-pre pared German defense lines aioni which the Allied command predicted the enemy would make his last slan before yielding the Eternal City i roughly only seven miles north o the beachhead perimeter. Allied men and armor on .th beachhead struck out savagely a hour before dawn In the direction of Cistema on the ancient Applan way. Daniel De Luce of the Associated from a forward field Rehabilitation Plans Outlined OVER ROOSEVELI SUPPORT AUSTIN, May the first time in recent his. lory, Texas today had two rival, irreconcilable Democratic conventions. The party was sharply split on the question of whether to send a delegation to the national convention in- structed for re-nomination of President Roosevelt. A caucus of Roosevelt Democrats who walked out on stale convention grew into n full-fledged convention by pass- ing a resolution to that effect offered by Alvin J. Wirfz, mer undcr-sccreiary of the interior. Meanwhile, the convention organized by the slate's regu- lar party set-up wheeled rap- idly through its business, nam- ing presidential electors and an uninslruclcd delegation to the Chicago convention. The unlnslructed convention con- cluded its business u-lth adoption of a scries of resolutions critical of See Page Seven convention stories. for other Sedition Trial Has Excitement Ihe national administration and declaring that If the national con- vention seats delegates from the "boilers' rump convention" the doctors of the regular convention hall not be bound to support the and vice-presidential ominccs ot the national conven- on. Instead, said t. re-solution on the inject adopted with uproarious ap described officially as history's greatest. As the tonnage in five days of a great pre-invasion onslaught mount- ed to (he German air force summoned only a loken force to oppose the daylight blows, which the Germaji-controlled Paris radio aid were "systematically paralyz- ng" communications. One Ameri- can bomber and three fighters were oil. The weather, which had pro- vided cloud cover for Ihe Amer- ican Liberators and Fortresses in their attacks on airdromes, freight yarn's and other military targets, improved tonight and .air lanes across the straits again were cloygcd iriih attack- ing Allied planes. American Marauders were seen reading across the channel and another force, believed also to be Marauders, winged toward Boulogne later. The Vichy radio network left the nlr early tonight and the Ger- man radio still broadcast warnings of Allied planes over western Ger- many, i German fighters in fierce baltles! counsel for Eugene N. Sanctuary, before dawn today brought down 35 one of the defendants, planes from an RAP force of 1.- I Klein had told the jury that Presi- dent Roosevelt ordered the trial to "cover up the crimes of govern- WASHINGTON, May 23-MV- Afler five weeks -ot preliminary maneuvering.- the. inais sedition trla finally reached 'the '.evidence-'taklng stage today with Peter GlsstW. wh identified himself as former leader ot the Chicago German-American bund, relating how the bund was organized. From the witness stand, Gissibl pointed out three1 of the 29 defend- ants as fellow members of the bund. They were Wilhelm Kunze. former national leader; August Klnpprotl, deputy national leader, and Her- man Max Schwtnn, west coasi lead- er. Justice Edward C. Eicher, pre- siding in U. 5. district court, over- ruled a prosecution motion to strike from the record mosl of the opcn- ing statement of Henry H. Klein. English Quads Reported Well LONDON, May a T h Moxham quadruplets-rthrce boyi reporled In a tern. porarily satisfactory condition n the Eouthend Municipal hosplla tonight, but the survival chances for two were described as pre- carious. Dr. s. Gleman. superintendent o the hospital, said Ihe babies, bon last night 'o Mrs. Daisy Moxhani were "immature, not premature." "Tho condition of nil four Is sat he said. "There is a gooc chance of the tiro bigger babies sur viving. but the two smaller or.es ar r.ot s'.ich a good risk. The mothe was not very well last, night bu she is progressing." The falhcr. an RAP flying offl 000 heavy and light bombers which AIR WAR, Fg 2. Col. 1 Sec The Initial meeling of the local committee of the veterans employment program was hole Tuesday night in the U. S. Employ- ment office when members outlin- ed their activities and funclions in regard to the rehabilitation of the scrrice man now and after the war Committee members elected O. R Rexiden, stabilization and place- ment supervisor, chairman. Those present were Clarence Daniel, pas commander of Veterans of Foreign Wars; C. C. Chenowelh and O. P Thrane, selective service committee- men for boards one and two, Fred Brookman, veteran's sen-ice officer; W. H. Donathan. Texas unemploy- ment compensation commission rep- resenlallve: Mrs, Edith Staples, Red Bulgaria as tension mounted In Cross representative; E. G. Cooper, j Hitler's satellite nations, chief of employment di- German troops now quartered in vision, OSES; Joyce Rogers, stale j Bulgaria are believed to total less service office; R. C. Barton, utillza-: than two divisions and Nazi con Nazi Commander Rushes to Sofia LONDON, May -Field Marshal Gen. Maximilian Von Weichs, German commander in the Balkans, was reported by the Mos- cow radio tonight to have arrived in Soria to review Nazi troops in and said the defense would ccr. was standing by with his othe five children, whose ages range from five to 16 years, "trying to get use to this pleasant surprise." He hn not been aHou-cd to see the quad ruplcts yet. Revenuer Ambushed On Mississippi Road GULFPORT, Miss. li AUSTIN, May Minnie Fisher Cunningham of Now Waverly, who recently an- nounced her candidacy for gov- ernor, lodav was named parlU- mcularlan of tlie Texas Roose- velt Democratic convention. iroval, the electors shall suppor some other Democrat of their owi hoice." The series of rcsolullnns gave national convention delegates no specific as lo presidential and vlec-presiden- tlal nominee; condemned itrljiea by tm- plovers; opposed federal legis- lation seeking lo over any funclions of Hit slale; Inslrucl- cd national convention dele- Rales lo oppose any proposal lo "brinr about social enual- favored a constitutional amendmenl lo make Ihe qual- ifications for supreme court membership Ihe same as for president; condemned creation ot additional boards, bureaus and commissions; disapproved Ihe supreme court decision permitting negroes to vole in Texas primaries; ami tlircclcd delegates lo work for restora- tion of the two-thirds vote rule (or nominating presiden- tial anil viec-presldcntlil can- didates. The resolution directing tor res toration of the two-thirds rule as did Hie one referring to the seat- Ing of "rump" delegates to the Chi- cago convention, declared that un- itss Ihe rule Is restored Texas presidential electors shall not be show the President Is under "com- plete control" of Premier Stalin of KU5Sia. IjULifl'lJit 1" Ainy V" Mmuunai titti-Jis junn nut In the first hour Gissibl was fl Rcrti for the I bound to vole for the nominees of the stand. Prosecutor Joseph W of Fcderal Buras. managed to ask only about cohol Tax nni( 5Ustalncd buckshot a dozen qucst.ons wounds yesterday when the car In After each question, practically al hl, WM ot the defense attorneys jumped and prisoners was to Iheir feel to make arguments. nmmishcd in a rural scclion of Afler hearing one or two of Ihcm. I Hancock county. Justice Eichcr then called the role c w MccXs exas Battling lighlights Day :or Politicians The Associated Tresi. Texas Democrats, torn by dis- enslon over the fourth term und thcr Issues, yesterday split Into factions each of which will end delegations demanding to catcd at the party's national con- entlon., Amid scenes of turbulence, back- 's of a proposal to pledge tho tale's 48 deietste? to the nallonal onvcnllon lo renominalion of 'rcsidenl Roosevelt withdrew from he regular slate convention after being beaten twice on test votes. Governor Thomas E. Dewey, meantime, picked up slill more delciafe. support for Ihe. Re- publican presidential nomlna- llon. i Maryland's 16 plumped Info Iht Deitey column of pledged nr claimed voles when the slale Republican convection adopted a resolution recom- mending; Ihit the delegation support (he A'cir Vork rj-Jrtr- nor. Technically, Iht rtfleia- tfon will jo unpledged zlnce IMs IFSJ the decision of the voters Jn Ihe presidential pref-. erence primary In which Dtw. I ey Has jiot a candidate. Maryland's 16 raised the Dewey total to 373 with 530 convention votes required to nominate. A factional Republican fight de- veloped In Georgia, resulting In two separate conventions yesterday and rival delegaltons lo Ihe na- tional convention. One group In- slruclcri 14 delegates for Dewey. The other chose four uninstruclcd delegates-at-large. The Issue be- tween the groups was reported be solely the question of conlrol of the stale parly. In the Florida Democratlcguber- nalorlal run-off nomination con- test, former Congressman Mlllard Caldwell of Tallahassee took an early lead over Congressman R. A. Lex) Green of Starke when he ;alnrd the bulk of the vote In pop- ilous Dade i.Mlaml) county. Dem- ocratic nomination usually n election In the st.ttc. In the Florida new sixth con- _ of altorneys so that all their ub-, lor in chargc [or Mississippi, said jections would be noted. In between the shouted protests. I Gissitl managed to say that lie and ere today that Reed and Tnvcs- W. W. frost had raided two Press wrote post: "Trained especially with tanks for trie past month, the doubh- Sce ITALY, Ff. 2, Col. 6 -REDS SEEK INFORMATION JNTO TRENCHES OF NAZIS LONDON. Wednesday. May Red army patrols are jumping right into German trenches: in search of information for the Doming offensive, Moscow reported "oday, although there were few other signs of a major new break on the eastern front. Southwest of Tiraspol a Russian reconnaissance party wiped out nearly a company of Nazis in hand- fighting and took dozens of prisoners. Ihe Moscow TF alo said In its midnight supplemr it to the regular communique, recorded by the Soviet monitor. In another sector Red artillerymen battered concentrations of German ar.d "inflicted heavy losses on the said the supplement. It added that snipers west of Mozyr reported killing "dozens of Hitler- ites." Two hundred more Germans were Declared killed southeast Stan- In old Poland, when Red supervisor of USES. Unable to attend were Don Marshall, Civil Service Commission local represen- tative, and Jess Warren, comman- trol of the country apparently de- pends on how well the leaders can keep in check any effort to revolt by the people. the national convention. Mayor Tom Miller of Austin was named temporary chairman of the Roosevelt convention. "I did not bolt Ihe Democratic he said. "I left a Republi- can convention." There were approximately 400 der. American Legion. j Should Bulgarian army leaders Chairman Rodden pointed out': balk at German demands for great- thai the object of the program is to I participalion in the fighting by develop such methods, procedures, Bulgaria they have sufficient fore-1 community relationships, and rela-1 c-s available lo defeat Nazi troops tionships with military establish-; now in the country, according to ments, veterans organisations and other agencies necessary lo piovide an effective counseling and place- ment service for veterans. In a roundtable discussion mem- bers exchanged Information regard- ing their various activities, pointed See REHABILITATION, -.tills and were proceeding on a his iwo brothers, Andrew colimrv with the (natives of Germany, came lo when Ihe Rimfire came from a dus- counlry in 1323 and helped organize tcr 0[ bushes. The ambush the Tculonia society in Chicago, one I of the forerunners of the German-1 pros: nnd one of the prisoners American bund. He said the pur- received superficial wounds, Mceks pose of this organization was to j Stfi. recruit young German and that the society dcmanrfcd that A r-kl Rnnffl they follow the "naliona! socialist BOtjru rianb way of thinking." advices from Istanbul. There was a possibility Ger- many's satellite nations would time their retaliation tn hit Hitler from inside his rfcftnsM just after the Allied western invasion. Chaplain Says Vets Plan House Cleaning Thursday Meeting HOUSTON. May 23- Texas college hoard of direc- tors mfct In College Station persons seated In the hall where Ihe session was held. Miller referred to leaders of the uninstruclcd convention as "those evil men who would destroy the President, our Commander-in- chief." Every delegate stood to subscribe to a pledge lo support President Roosevelt. Not since Ihe hislorie inter- parly belviecn James Ste- phen floff and Genrtc Clark of Waco for the covcrnorshlp, Sec DEMOCRATS, fir. 2, Cols. 1-2 Workers Killed 'dominating the locality" and beat off German counter blows. Most of the ground activity re- ported in the supplement was in the south, but airmen ot the Red Ban- ner Baltic fleet on Monday sank two German of 6.- 000 tons and the other of 3.000 tons the Gulf of Finland. The operational bulletin broadcast by the Russians said only: "During May 23 there were no essential changes on the fronts. During May 12 fourteen enemy p'.anes were shot down in air combat or by anti-air- craft fire." The Nazis' broadcast communique was similar, saying, "on the eastern front there was limited local ac- tivity. Otherwise the day was quiet." The Germans reported completing mopping up operations in the lower Dnestr in which they.said they took more than prisoners. <7 tanks, 11 guns rruch war rr.aUrial In house when they get back home." Chaplain Workman, just back Bulgaria was undergoing two-way from a to'.ir of fighting fronts In pressure from Germany, which Is i the Atlantic and European areas, seeking Increased military aid. and added at a press conference: "T ex- from Rus-V.a. attempting to budse j peel them to do it In a Democrats her from her lukewarm Axis align- I way." menr. He made his cnrr.mrnt after be- Thursriay to consider routine busi- ness, PrcslrieiH F. M. Law said to WASHINGTON, May Capt. Robert D. Workman, chief I-aw slated tint Ihe bnard un of Navy chaplains, said today that douV.cdly will consider the matter. navy men overseas expect to "clean of 'he presidency. He did nol com- C. Wilhcrspoon. A third man. r.'oyd i reservoir to the theater ot opera- n-.ent further. I Woods, was Injured. 1 tions." MONAHANS. May A slccl derrick collapsed on an oil lease near here yesterday killing two workers. Earl Mitchell and M. Rrcssional district L. L. Stuckcy of 'aliokee was lending Rogers of Fort Lauderdale. In early icturns. Florida's five Incumbent :ongrcssnien were either renoml- nalcd or unopposed In the first irimary, Pacific Supplies Seven Times More PEARL HARBOR, T. J., May 23 Admiral J. J. Gaffney, head ot Ihe Navy's vast supply sys- tem In Ihe Pacific, declared today Ihat "the turnover and volume of supplies handled here arc seven times greater than on this area last he's_ still not guessing about the future. "Our Job grows by geometrical progression." Ihe genial South Car- olinian said in an Interview "but we don'l guess al future require- ments. We have a hard and fast malhematlcal formula which gives us a pretty accurate, idea of what each new operallon will require. "It's this: 'Difficulty of supply Increases with the square of tha dls'.nr.cc from Ihe main supply CHINESE CUT OLD BURMA ROAD, LAUNCH irrr.y unil4 captured a height ties addition to inflicting heavy casual- crt IhBTider A.M. sridif and In stath Fteih Iht TEMPERA-TIKIS on, TIM. HOIR I......... XT Suniel till Sanrlie Ihll Sanxl lojil[ nlfhl: mernln J'Kaloff. president of the- natin.nal n; asemb'jy. was to be formed, while I the Stockholm Tidningen's Bern correspondent reporter! that Pre- mier Dobri Bojilov resigned last Sunday, afler receiving a Russian warning to drop military coopera- tion with Germany. Bulgaria Is not formally at war with the Russians. EKewliere in the Ralkans, Tass, the Soviet news apenry, reported more than 100 persons in Gcrmin-dominalrd Roman- ia had been executed in Hie past mrtnth for "spreadinz i panic rumors" antl "anli-gov- I ernmenl agitation." walking out. strikes arc ll-.ing you can't explain tn a Kuejacket." War Sdllnr Chinese forces have cut the old Burma road. This sinkii-c; development In the Asiatic war thcalrr was announced by the Chinese high rommanrl yes- terday. A'ir.rvst simultaneously re- perls from (he field raid Chinese Ralph P. Holloway III, four-year- troops hart launched a major coun- old son of Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Hoi- te-r offensive far to Ihe r.orth In lowoy Jr.. 1035 North 18th, was j Hoiian province. There- they were slruck by an niplit isaitl to Imc re-eaiiird some as he attempted to cross thr street! cic fmni the Jap.ir.e-se. in front of his home. j Meanwhile the U. K. Navy msin- The child was treated for bruises.; la-..-.cri strict silence concerning the and abrasions at Hendrick Men-.rir- I Japanese-reported American task lal hospital and liis condition was! force aem! strike- acatr.st Marcus rol considered serious, acco.-ding to island. !e-ss than 1.200 from attendants. iTckyo, but armour.ccd continued Child Struck by Car, Not Seriously Hurt positions in the Marshalls. The Chunfklnf com- mand said (he Chinese offen- sive from the Salrtcen river dls- Irlcl of Yunnan province car- ried one spearhead across the oM road Chetanic, only 28 miles cast of the Raima border. The Japanese garrison at Chefanj was encircled and wiped out. .More Hun 200 Jap- anese died there and rmieh war material was rar-turert. The op- eration lefl Ihe only an Inferior trail supply line (o southern China. Heavy- monsoon rains, general area, delay- ed Allied operations asainst Japanese Myitkylna base. Previous reports pictured house-to-house! fighting in the city with the Allies holding a third of the place. The Chinese were making pro- gress on o'h'er Yunnan and Burma fronts. The Allied southeast Asia com- mand announced there wsre Indi- cations Ihat the Japanese in the Impha) sector of India, 220 miles west ot MyitkyitiK, received some, reinforcements and were attempt- ing to take the initiative. The Jap- anese wrre reprised with ar- tillery support, they counter-attack- See CHINESE Pj. 2, Col. I ;