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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 23, 1954, Abilene, Texas SCATTERED SHOWERS^Wlene ReporterSUNDAY'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron VOL, LXXIir, NO. 340 Asêociated Pre$$ (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 23, 1954 —SIXTY PAGES IN FIVE SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe U. S. Attempts to Stop Guatemala Gun Ships HALF WAY TO HANOI — Private Marcel Champougny, French soldier wounded in the face during the defense of Dien Bien Phu, is transferrea from a helicopter to a waiting transport plane at Luang Prabang, in northern Indochina. The injured soldier was among the first group of wounded evacuated by air from the fallen fortress and flown to Hanoi by way of Luang Prabang. PUZZLING PUPIL PROBLEM States Hit by Segregation Ruling Divided on Action ATLANTA, May 22 i^P-States affected by the Supreme Court decision outlawing racial segregation in schools are widely divided on W'hat to do about the ruling. They generally agreed on carrying out a vast building program which was aimed at saving segregation. Five days after the historic decision—not yet put into effect by court decrees—eight states seem pri^ared to accept the verdict with varying degrees of reluctance. The remaining nine are seeking means to circumvent the ruling and maintain racial separation in public school classroms. This “boxKCore” is a highly tentative lineup, however. Intrastate and interstate meetings are being held or planned throughout the area and only after much discussion will concrete plans emerge, state by state. But, everywhere except in North Carolina and South Carolina, there is no inclination to interrupt the billion dollar effort to achieve “separate but equal’’ facilities for white and Negro students. It was the “Deep South” states that made the greatest effort to improve admittedly inferior Negro schools and to comply with the 75-year-old "separate but equal” doctrine. which the Supreme Court •truck down last Monday. Seven of those states have authorized or spent more than 900 million dollars for new schools in recent years. About 288 millions went specifically for Negro schools, and 383 millions for white schools, with about 40 millions not earmarked, and 215 millions not yet allocated. And in those same states is the greatest reluctance to accept the end of segregation. This ranges all the way from Georgia Gov. Herman Talmadge’s determination to “resist if we must stand alone,” to expressions of hope that segregation “in fact” can somehow be continued even after the court decree becomes final. Apparently resigned to compliance with the unanimous Supreme Court verdict that segregation is in itself unequal are Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, West Virginia, Kentucky, Missouri and Maryland. In acMitton to Georgia, studyhsg the Supreme Court decision and apparently willing to circumvent it if means can be found, are Louisiana. Tennessee, North Carolina and South Carolina, Missis- sippi, Virginia, Alabama and Florida. Some pattern may begin to emerge after attorneys general of some of the affected states meet here with Georgia Atty. Gen. Eugene Cook next Wednesday. The two most widely discussed possibilities for continuing segregation in face of the Supreme Court ban art a private tchool system with the state subsidizing the student instead of the school; and authorizing individual school boards, as an administrative measure, to .assign students to various schools. Mundt Says Hearing May End Quickly WASHINGTON. May 21 Ut^Sen. Mundt (R-SD) predicted today that the McCarthy-Army hearing, which resumes Monday, will be completed within two weeks. The chairman of the televised hearings said the Senate subcommittee “certainly will go ahead” and write a report on its findings, regardless of the outcome of a cur- { rent Republican-Democratic row involving monitored telephone calls. Mundt said he intends to call the hearings back into session Monday, and keep them going without further interruptions until the evidence has been completed. No Recesses The senator said specifically he intends no recesses to deal with the issue of how to handle records of telephone calls from senators and others to the Pentagon. The four Republicans and three Democratic members of the subcommittee have signed sharply different statements on methods for admitting any of the monitored talks into evicence. V. W. BRADLEY . . purchasing ofBcer FRANK JUNELL . . . ftnancial veep H-SU Juggles 4 Administrators THINGS TO COME? McCarthy Gives Ike Hint Of Teapot Dome Scandal China Seeks U.S. Help TAIPEH, Formosa, Sunday, May 23 (4V-Gen. James A. Van Fleet, checking for President Ei.senhower into Far East military needs, arrived last night amid reports that Nationalist China seeks U.S. help in protecting Islands 85 miles off Red China. Gen. Van Fleet flew in for his second round of talks with President Chiang Kni-shek a few hours after U.S. Defense Secretary Charles E. Wilson departed, following conferences with Chiang. Van Fleet, who was here between May 12 and 16 on his Far East survey tour, said last night on arrival from Korea he would spend about two weeks on Formosa, then return to Korea and Japan. Recent air and naval clashes on a small scale between Nationalist and Red Chinese forces off Chekiang Province have focused attention on the Nationalist-held Tachen Islands. The NationalisU report the Reds are massing Russian-supplied equipment for a possible invasion. Air Force headquarters said two Nationalist propeller-type planes, F47 Thunderbolts supplied by the United States, clashed briefly ^ Chekiang yesterday with six Red Russian-made MIG j*îts. Van Fleet declined comment on the clashes, saying he was nrt up to data on the situation and that, kl any cast. 11 wasn’t withbi the «cope of his present mission. FORT ATKINSON, Wis., May 22 iiV-Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis), outlining his side of his row with the Army in an address tonight, declared he wanted to “remind” President Eisenhower of precedents established in the Teapot Dome investigation. McCarthy said he was going to call to the President’s attention "what happened back in 1924. You will remember that in 1924 we had a Republican president then also. The attorney general in the Teapot Dome scandal refused the congressional committee’s access to files for grand corruption. “The committee w'anted to question the attorney general. The attorney general refused. After his refusal President Coolidge demanded his resignation and ordered that if any of his Cabinet members know anything about this, to freely testify and give all the facts.” McCarthy, speaking in shirtsleeves, declared “This is no attack on the President.” Wisconsin's junior senator told a Chamber of Commerce banquet, “but I am going to remind him about his statement he made at Abilene, Kan., some time ago. He said, ‘Now that town had a code and I was raised from a boy on the code that we should meet anyone face to face with whom you disagree — not to come up behind him. ‘“If you took the same risk and met him face to face you could get away with almost anything.’” “And here not only are they denied the right to meet face to face those who made the charges,” McCarthy said, “But they are denied the right to know who they are.” Mundt contends that unless the Democrats back up from their stand the Army may refuse to hand over any of the stenographic transcripts it has. Mundt said be !• writing to Joe-eph N. Welch, special counsel for the Army, asking whether the Army construes the differing letters of consent from the Republicans and Democrats as sufficient to let the Army legally hand over records of the calls. Welch contends it is legal to record calls secretly, but that the law requires consent from all concerned before they can be disclosed. Both Democrats and Republicans on the subcommittee insist they want any pertinent calls placed on the public record. The Democratic members—Senators McClellan (Ark), Symington (Mo) and Jackson (Wash)—have specified in writing that they "do not consent to any limited, restricted or partial disclosure of these See MUNDT, Page 8-A, Col. 1 Changes in administrative assignments involving four members of the Hardin - Simmons University staff were announced Saturday by Dr. Evan A. Reiff, president. E. W. Ledbetter, business manager and acting athletic director, has been named full-time director of athletics and special events. Frank Junell, vic^-president in charge of public relations and development. wlU hereafter Mrve as financial vlce-pr«ildei*t. Virgil Bradley, manager of the H-SU Bookstore since 1947, was named to a newly-created posi tion of purchasing officer and manager of university stores and supplies. Tom Guimarin, formerly assistant business manager, was previously named manager of university housing last week. ’ These changes in duties are in line with a program of realignment, redistribution, and clear definition of responsibilities to aUow each staff member involved more time ior actual duties of maage-ment,” Dr. Reiff said. “Mr. Ledbetter has served most faithfully in the many and detailed routine duties as business manager of the university since 1943. His unusual abilities, however, in Two More Red Shipments Due WASHINGTON, May 22 (AP>--Rep. Hillings (R-Calif.) said today the United States is trying to stop at least two more arms ships believed bound for Guatemala from behind the Iron Curtain, He also said a special house committee on communism may investigate alleged Red inroads into the Central American republic which received a 2,000 ton shipment of arms this week from Stettin in Red-dominated Poland. The State Department has called! this an “important arms ship-] ment” and President Eisenhower has termed the news very disturt)-ing. Hillings, a member of the special i committee, said ha hat be«i told that two and perhaps mora vessels are bound for Guatemala with Communist - produced arms. He| said tha United States has asked officials of friendly ports to inter-! cept the ships if they put in from C.D. Grimes, 62, Prominent Merkel Businessman, Dies POOR BOX THIEF IN COURT DRAMA — Joseph P. Kowalski, 46, kisses the hand of Rev. Patrick J. Mulloy in gratitude after the priest recommended a year term for him after being charged with stealing money from the poor box at St. Leo Roman Catholic Church in Chicago. Kowalski has been convicted three times previously and will face a life prison term if found guilty as a habitual criminal. Kowalski was caught as he fled from the church with $15 in small change, but denied he was the one that emptied the poor box. Others are unidentified. MERKEL, May 22 (RNS)-Charlei Dee Grimes, 62, prominent Merkel businessman and active church and civic worker, died at 11:15 a.m. Saturday. He had been seriously ill since October and had become critically ill Wednesday. Although in ill health, Mr. Grimes had remained active in his business, the Bragg’s Department Store, until becoming critically ill. Funeral will be conducted at S p.m. Sunday in the First Methodist Church here. Officiating will be the Rev. Aubrey White, pastor, assisted by the Rev. Hugh H. Hunt of the StanUm Methodist Church, and the Rev. Sam E. Tullock, pastor of the Merkel First Baptist Church. Burial in Rose Hill Cemetery will be directed by Starbuck Funeral Home. Mr. Grimes moved to Merkel in 1905. He had served the First Methodist Church since 1932 as a steward and as chairman of the board for five years, and as an usher for 12 years. He was a trustee of the church for 14 years and when the church had been rebuilt about three years ago he served on the buildiiig committee. He was also a large contributor to the building fund. Mr. Grimes helped organize the Merkel Lions Club and served several terms as city alderman. He was a Mason. A licensed pharmacist, Mr. Grimes had at one time been in the drug business here with his father, T. L. Grimes. He was married June 24. 1920 to Mias Mary Bragg of Merkel. They moved to Oklahoma in 1920, returning that tame year to Merkel where Mr. Grimes entered the dry goods business with his father-in-law. T. G. Bragg. Mr. Grimes had movsd to Merkel hoin Bell County whers be was bom March K im. He finished high school at Merkel. Survivors besides his wife and father are two daughters, Mrs. Jerry Warren of Abilene, and Mrs. Stewart Dean of Corpus Christi; a sister, Mrs. Dick Musser of Arlington: three brothers, Luther Grimes and Emmett Grimes, both of Georgetown, and Ennis L. Grimes, president of a bank at Quanah; and his step-mother, Mrs. T. L. Grimes. Four Abilene men are cousins. They are Frank Grimes, editor of the Reporter-News; L. A. Grimes, retired city water superintendent; M. Leslie Grimes and Earl Grimes. THE WEATHER V. s. DEPASTMKNT OP COMMKSCX WEATHSa BUSEAU ABILENE AND VICINITY — llcwtly cloudy wlUi scattered showers or thundershowers Sundsy. becoraias partly cloudy Monday. Low t>oth days near fS and high both days about 15. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS:    lloaUy cloudy, scattered showers and local thua-derstorms and cooler northwest portioa Sunday i Monday partly cloudy and cooler in east and south portion. WEST TEXAS: Parity cloudy aad cooler, scattered thuadcratorms east portioa of Panhaadte and South Plains aad east of the Pecoe vaUey Sunday; Monday, partly chMtdy and nUld. EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly cloudy and naUd. scatered thunder-storau la aorthwect portion and widely ecatcred showers elaewhera Sunday: Monday. partly cloudy cooler la the north portioB. Bcattered ahowere near the ooast; moderate to fresh southeaM wiada oa the coast. TBMPEHATrBJW Sat. A.M. ‘ S .V.. 7« .... 61 .... «7 .... €7 .... 71    ... 75 .... 75 .... 7« .... Sat P.M.  M .... S3 ... S4 ... »I .... S3 71 77 77 ... !;3S .. ....... .. I;» ....... .. 4:30 ....... .. 5:30 ....... .. 0:30    ..... .. 7:30 ....... .. t:30 ....... .. 3:30 ....... ..    10:30 ............ — •0 ............ 11:30 ............ — U   IS:3C ............ — Hifh and lev temperataroa tag S4 Iwan ended at 0:30 p.m.: 15 aad 01. High aad lew idmperaturee mbm date last yemr: 104 aad 7t. fttaaet last aMM 7:SS p.at> SeBrlee today l;M am. Sunset loalght 7:31 p.m. Baremcter readiaf at >:» p.m. 3E01. Belattyo hwaidBy at |:ll ».m. 00 por the fields of athletics and promotion have suggested that he is the logical man to strengthen and coordinate the athletic and special events programs. He will work direcUy from my office and serve as my repres^itative in his new assignment.” he said. Dr. Reiff said that because of expanded activities in the business operations of tha school, the business crfficj will probaMy be headed by a comptroUer-buslness manager who will devote full-Ume to these activities under the direction of Vice-President Junell. A member of the H-SU staff for two years, Junell has served also, since November of 1953, as investment officer for university endowment funds. His new assignment will centralize his responsibilities as co-ordinator of all business and promotional activities, Dr. Reiff said. Dr. William O. Beazley, assistant to the president, will assume additional responsibilities in the field of public relations. Bradley will be in charge of purchasing all supplies and equipment and will continue as manager of the boi^tore. Ali changes are effective June 1, Dr. Reiff said. NEWS INDEX SiCTION A OM new*.......... 12-11 SECTION B City Hell Beef...... .... 1 DitoWer Scropbeok .. .... 9 Editeriols ......... ... 10 ButineM Outlook . ... ... 12 SECTION C Petkionokly Spoekinf ____7 Gerdea Topic*...... ...10 Amutomenta ....... . 12-13 SECTION D Sport*.......... 1, 2, 3. 4 Form nows......... ... 11 Ckwrck ........... ... 12 Radio « TV lofl..... ... 12 Navy Men Saved From Plane Ditch PEARL HARBOR. May 22 (D-The U.S. destroyer Radford raced at top speed for Pearl Harbor today with four survivors of a Navy plane crash at sea but four others were believed lost. The Radford was due at about 1 p.m. (6 p.m. E^ST) from the crash scene 400 miles northeast of the island of Oahu. The four rescued were Lt. L. W. Reher, pilot, of Imperial Beach, Calif., suffering from shock and exposure; Lt. (j.g.) J. A. Holmes, copilot, of Huntsville, Ala., exposure and fatigue; Machinist Mate I.e. H. R. James Coronado, Calif., broken leg, minor abrasions, lacei-atlons, exposure and fatigue: and Radioman 2.C. R. W. Findly of Grovetown, N.H., uninjured. A brief message from the Radford said ali four were “progressing well.” The rescued men said there was little chance the cXher four had survived the crash from 1,700 feet up after the second of two engines failed on a P5 Martin seaplane, one of IS in flight from San Diego to Honolulu. The crash occurred before dawn yesterday. The other four were identified by the Navy as: Lt. (j.g.) K. F. Sout, navigator. Daytim, Ohio; Machinist’s Mate a.C. A. V. Borraann. Los Angeles: Radioman S.C. D. B. Hidu. Cairo, III.; and Electronioi-roan S.C. J. G. Goodrich. Victoiis. T«l sea. The congressman did not say on what legal basis the ships might be stopped. State Department officials said they have received reports that additional arms shipments are on the way to Guatemala, but did not say whether the reports are true or whether pre ventive measures are being taken. Hillings said in an interview that iU. S. authorities were tipped to search a vessel of unspecififd nationality for weapons a few days ago In San Juan. Puerto Rico. ’The Up proved false, he said. The Californian said investigators for the special congressional committee may be sent to Mexico City to interview Guatemalan exiles as the first step toward a congressional investigation of the whole Guatemalan situation. Such a congressional probe would be justified, he said, because of the “serious .situation” created by alleged Red control of the Guatemalan government and the recent arms shipment which he termed “far too large for defensive purposes”. “It is obvious from recent developments,” he added, “that the Kremlin is stepping up its drive to establish a beachhead” in the Western Hemisphere. The special committee is charged with pricing Communist techniques of capturing satellite nations. It is authorized to travel throughout the rest of the world and is planning to go to Europe in June. Hillings predicted that some of the Latin American countries soon would invoke the Rio de Janeiro pact calling for united Inter-American consideratiim of the Guatemalan situation. He said he had conferred today on “private matters” with the Nicaraguan ambassador but the congressmen did not indicate whether invoking the Rio pact was discussed. Nicaragua has broken diplomatic relations with Guatemala and has raised the possibility of invoking the Rio treaty. The congressman said “Russian submarines are known to have reached Guatemala” in ths past and speculated they might also have delivered weapons. F CHARLES LANDERS . . . slate president    i CWilansDue Here in '55 AUSTIN, May 22    — Abitena swept the honors at the state Civi-tan Club's convention here today. Charles Landers. 33. Abilene ar> chitect, was madp governor-elect for 1955-56. The 1955 convention was awarded Abilene. Abilene won this year's convention attendance award. I>anders will succeed Judga Mace 'Thurman Jr., Austin. Rain Washes Out Bridge See More oa WEST TEXAS RAINS. Page 8-A. Col. 4 A bridge between Guthrie and Paducah on U.S. Highway 83 over the North Fork of the Wichita River was washed out for the second time within recent weeks Saturday night, the Highway Patrol reported. Traffic was being routed over U.S. Highway Et and State Highways 70 and 283. A squall line which earlier Saturday dumped .48 of an inch of rain at Lubbock moved into the Paducah area early Saturday night and caused a heavy downpoui’. Farther north Quanah reporti^ J» of an inch. The squall line was located at Seymour at 10 p.m, Saturday. A light sprinkle was rep<nted lU Winters at 9 p.m. Heavy Air Blows Stagger Rebels HANOI. Indochina. May 22 (f^ Heavy French air assaults ripped at the major Vietminh fin-ces edging toward the rich Red River Delta from Dien Bien Phu today. Armored relief columns inside the area liberated two small defense po^s from enemy encirclement. A third fort in the southeastern delta fringe at Anxa, garrisoned by 160 men and French noncommissioned officers was overrun in a night assault by superior numbers of Communist-led Vietminh. A French Cixnmand sp^esman said the shifting of the victorious but battered Vietminh divisions fn»n Dien Bien Phu was “not yet causk4i us any great worry.” He declared «nphaticaUy; “The Viet-minh are not marching on Hanoi.” But the Frencfa admit the situatiim in the rice-rich delta area—infiltrated by 100,000 Vietminh regulars, guerrillas and lympathixers—is §•-rious. The Vietminh have It battaHoiis poised just below the strategic road junction town of Phuly, only 30 miles south of Hanoi. Elements of this enemy fwct drew siege rings around the little defense forts at Anxa, Yen Phu and Coquan, apparently aiming at a direct assault on Phuly. French mobile columns yesterday slashed through the Vietminb, inflicting heavy rebel losses, to rescue the forts at Yen Phu and Coquan after Anxa fell to a thousand rebels armed with heavy mortars, 90 mm. bazookas and machine guns. n»e Vietminh also blew up sections of the vital highway linkii^ this north Indochina metropolis with the big Tonkin Gulf pcurt of Haiphong, which funnels tons of American-supplied war materials to the Fren^. French «igineerf. protected by tanks and armored can, promptly repaired the breaches in the road. Bombers and fighters from latxl and carrier bases strtick at the rebels Ifarovfbciut the dslta sna. ;