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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 23, 1944, Abilene, Texas Texas Demos Vole 940 to 174 for Uninstructed Conclave Delegation BOND BOX SCORE Since Pearl Harbor $16,954,468.00 May Quota    $ 231,700*00 May    $    96,340.50 ®fje Abilene Reporter WITUCKI! OR WI    Til OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE    WORLD    EXACTLY    AS£_GOES-By _______ —  ——  ---------- ----A tannintpA Prn%n EVENING FINAL VOL. LXIII, NO. 34C A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE. TEXAS TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 23, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES Associated Pre**    {APIUnited Pens (VT.t    PRICE FIVE CENTS Parley Chief BULLETIN AUSTIN, May 23—I UP)-Mrs. Alfred Taylor of Austin led a bolt of the pro-Roosevelt Dem-) ocrats from the regular Democratic state convention this afternoon. Singing “The Eyes of Texas a group marched to the house of representatives at the opposite k end of the state Capitol. AUSTIN, May 23.-(AP)-Texas Democrats in state con* vehtion here today voted 940 7-12ths to 774 5-12ths to kill q proposal binding delegates to support the party’s presidential nominee. The dead proposal, favored by pro-Roosevelt forces, would have replaced former Governor - Dan Moody with former Gov. * ernor James V. Allred as temporary convention chairman. The motion to amend the committee recommendation came from Alvin Wirtz of Austin, former undersecretary of the interior and "loor leader of pro-Roosevelt delegates. Without comment Merrit Gibson of Longview, one of 18 floor leaders for the delegates opposing a Roosevelt instructed delegation, moved to table the amendment, t 0    • 1 Parliamentary procedure leading to a vote on Gibson’s motion had been agreed on in advance in order to give a clear cut test vote by roll call. Wirtz wanted the amendment because Allred “is prepared to discuss the issues that should be discussed here today" and “because I believe it should bt left to the conscience of the men and women here to decide for themselves whether they #will support the Democratic nominee for president no matter who he is.” • * * Herman Jones of Austin, young \ attorney, struck at Gibson’s tabling motion and reminded that pamphlets distributed through the convention hall had advertised that if Texas instructs for a fourth term it will play into the hands of the enemies of the South. “So far as I am concerned there is no north and south. Its all America,” Jones shouted. “The issue is whether we will repudiate the war leadership of this nation." lembers of the pro-Roosevelt tion have protested that the; te executive committee-whicn | , been advocating an uninstruct- J delegation—had jammed the tter of the meeting place down ; j throats of the convention. [he primary business of the con- I Ilion was to name 54 delegates Beachhead Opens Assault Germans Evacuate Pico *■ mmp'" '    ~    1    rn    ■>    ijp**    ______ AMER.CAN ENGBERSCLEAR SnuestJr3l7veThey    - Mon: Stilwell in Burma Rumored Loan Of Warship to Russia Scored By The Associated Press Monsoon rains forced a slowdown in the Allied drive to seize the key Burma city of Myitkyina today and another big operation in the Pacific war—the presumed attack on Japanese-held Marcus island-lay hidden in radio silence. Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell s Chinese and Americans fought on through the heavy rains to wipe out the enemy still holding a third of NIPS GET CART BEFORE HORSE Myitkyina in northern Burma. A glimpse of the difficulties involved was given in a Stilwell headquarters announcement: “The slow work of eliminating savagely resisting pockets of Jap- WASHINOTON, May 23 —C/Pt— Senator Bridges (R-NHi told the senate today he was informed that ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples, May 23.-(UP) —Allied troops struck out from the Anzio beachhead today in an offensive co-ordinated with the campaign of the main Italian front in a bold bid to trap the 17 German divisions south of Rome. The Fifth army forces in the long dormant beachhead attacked the German perimeter early this morning, and were fighting under cover of a heavy bombardment by massed Allied planes pounding a 50-mile radius around Rome. American warships supported the drive by shelling enemy positions. An official announcement of the beachhead offensive said no details of the days fighting were available yet. 0 0 0 Reports of airmen flying over the new battle zone indicated that the beachhead forces were pushing out southeastward toward the German swing line” on the main front, squeezing the Nazis between their fire and Allied artillery in action to the south. The announcement of the beachhead offensive said that with its launching the battle in Italy entered a new rhase as the Fifth and Eighth armies pressed their campaign designed to crush the German forces on the Peninsula. American battleships off Anzio WHERE ALLIED ADVANCE CONTINUES-Arrow. in*-cate Allied cains against the Germans in Italy. American troops reached Terraria on the coast and inland captured MI. San Biagio while Allied troops cut (he Contecorvo Clco road to capture MI. Lcucio. Polish forces wert fighting in Piedimonte. Troops in the Auric beachhead launched a (torte attack on the northeast sector.-!AP Wirephoto)._ Heavies Smack Invasion Blocks Sr-lTSSWrSr ^ one    units    of    the    African “ die ta their dugouts and behind — — —    “    “<“• log entrenchments, continues Continuation of fighting, however, suggested that General Stilwell planned to keep right on going in his drive to link the Burma and Ledo roads into China, despite the monsoon. inMDON May 23 —(/Pi—Approxi* ers and three fighters failed to u-, -----    .    ,    JSXTmo Anted pieties tottered , tarn. The smith night attacks cost an American cruiser had been)8heiied the German lines around rn«e^ Europe today in a daylong 35 RAF planes.    . ... ^ transferred to Russia, and demand- the beachhead last night prelimi- Hitler * Europe ay than 5.000 The Vichy radio network left the ira    ’    -    -    -    nary    to    the    offensive,    and    also    sup-    assault    ^ ^ w ^ a|tln early tonight, signaling ported it throughout the early ' airdromes freight yards perhaps a last-minute pickup I morning.    in    the    the day s assault which may make The battleships, air fleets and ar-    ^    renfwe(1    preinva-    them among the wars heavie t. ed to know the truth of such reports-    . •Reports have reached me that By the Associated Press The Germans announced today the evacuation of Pico, central bastion of the Hitler line 60 miles southwest of Rome. The withdrawal was made as Allied troops, fighting against German reinforcements hastily flung into battle, struck deeper into the Germans’ mountain barrier only 22 miles from the Anzio beachhead. “The Germans are receiving one of the greatest thrashing in their history from the forces under Gen. Sir Harold Alexander." the British minister of information, Brendan Bracken, said, lie declared the fighting in Italy "is beyond ail description." Alexander’s communique listed small gains around the west coast of Italy, including the American seizure of commanding heights around coastal Terracina at the edge of the Pcntine marshes. The last available German reserves fallow Rome were reported officially to have been committed to th* great battle of at ti it ion. Besides the fifth army advances northeast of Terracina, the Eighth army penetrated the Nazi defenses farther northeast in the HH valley. Chinese aiming at a junction with Stilwell^ forces captured Chefang rn the old Burma road, isolating the main enemy base at Lulling, about 60 miles from the Burma border. The Chinese were within IOO airline miles of^a junction with niiu untv*    „ nr metre units ox me aiuc»*v«*»    ——-----■—»    - -    ,,    t    fifth    riav    of    the    renewed    preinva temps have been made to seek either a confirmation or a denial cf Bv United Press . .    ,    . Japan’s latest plans for “post- ITiiweii’s farce*. The capture ion was to name 54 delegates w&r treatment" of the United i    t    0{f    Lunling    from    its alternates who will cast Texas states caU for the complete destruc-, Cheung —    sess‘on.    and    tkm Qf American naval power and Mandalay soppy h    at merchant shipping, abolition of    Harbor remained as silent private banking and labor unions I Pearl Harbor retrial » . i    r    f    rn    IlfiH ’•otes at the Chicago session, and ne the 23 presidential electors the state. in on Paid News oadcasts Asked WASHINGTON, May 23.—(ZP)—A I against the commercial spon->hip of news broadcasts was hided iii a’ series of sweeping endments to the Federal Com-nications act presented for con-?ration today to the senate Instate Commerce committee, thairman Wheeler (D-Month o said the proposal evoked “plen-of controversy” in a closed Combee session, described the tenta-? bill draft as the handiwork of nself and Senator White <R-Me> o have held conferences looking Yard a compromise of their views an overall domestic radio policy. octuplets Born )NDON, May 23. — (ZP) — Mrs v Moxham of Southend, wife of RAF flying officer, has given i to quarruplets—three boys a girl—it was announced to-Mother and children were re ed well. The Weather [LENE AND VICINITY—Fair this loon. tonight and Wednesday, not change in temperature. ST TEXAS-Fair this afternoon, to-and Wednesday except scattered iershowers in northeast portion and upper coast this afternoon. Not change in temperature IST TEXAS Fair this afternoon, ht and Wednesday. Not much ?p in temperature, ximum temperature yesterday, 89. itmum this morning. 66. MPI RATURE8 ■ Mon Mon-Sun M Hour PM. 71— I- 75 80 63- 2- 80 81 59.— 3— 84 83 60— 4— 85 88 60— 5— 88 84 60— 6— 89    84 60- 7 - 87 81 60— 8- 76 77 61— *- 74 74 64—10— 72 7.1 71-11— 71    72 73— 12— 69 71 ise this morning ............6:37 and formation of a Tokyo-controlled puppet government, according to a Domel news agency broadcast recorded by U. S. government monitors.    „ _    , The Japanese “terms. Domei said, were drawn up by two naval and economic experts who proposed that “after the United States surrenders” Japan should maintain strict supervision over all Amel lean affairs for IO or more years “or perhaps indefinitely.” The experts recommended tnat all American warships and ocean liners be confiscated by Japan, that production of steel and oil should be restricted, and that Americans must refrain from stock market speculation.    .    ,,    .. The expense of taking over the United States’ shipping would be borne by America, and indemnities of IO times the construction cost should be exacted for every ship scuttled, they proposed.__ Recapture Nazi At Fort Worth FORT WORTH, May 23.—(ZP)— An anonymous telephone tip at 7 a. rn. today brought capture in a residential district of Helmut Tum-mer. 24, one of two German prisoners oi war who escaped last week from Camp Maxey. Tummer, who speaks English haltingly, declined to give police details of his whereabouts. He had obtained khaki trousers to replace his uniform, and on his person police found a knife with a 7-inch blade. as the grave in the face of a Japanese announcement an Allied task force had aerially attacked Marcus island, 1,190 miles from Tokyo, throughout Saturday and Sunday. Tokyo said carrier planes struck at Marcus seven times. Around Kohlma rn eastern India the British were mopping up, tine the tone of a headquarters announcement was confident Progress has been made in all sectors of the Assam front xxx. 0*0 CHUNGKING. May 23-(^--Field dispatches said tonight th Chinese army had started a counter offensive in Honan proc-hue, regaining a number ct impoi-tarn Strategic points. No detail were available immediately. Bud Russell Quits Hauling Prisoners this information which has been bandied about among many people for fhe past few weeks." Asserting that substantial supplies of tanks, planes, guns, ammunition, food, machinery and other vital materials had gone to Russia under lcnd-lrase, Bridges said that the transfer of any part of the navy to Russia “is a wholly different story.” “I cannot understand the purpose for this transfer of part of our Navy unless it is a part of our patchwork policy of appeasing Rus-sia." President Roosevelt announced several weeks ago that Russia would obtain the equivalent of a portion cf the Italian fleet taken over by tile Allies. He did not specify how this would be accomplished. Steel Firm Freed Of Fraud Charges PITTSBURGH, May 23. AV-J federal court jury today acquitted the Carnegie-Illinois Steel corporation of a government charge of concealing and falsifying records of tests on steel plates. The verdict was reached last night by tile jury of six women and six men, and opened in court this morning. MacArthur, Halsey Plan Jap Trouble days after the Fifth and Eighth armies drove forward on the main line. Inside an arc radiating 50 miles around Rome the Flying Fortresses and Liberators dropped their big loads of heavy fragmentation bombs on supply dumps and troop concentrations. They encountered no German air opposition and only J slight anti-aircraft fire. \ 0 a * The report of the beachhead offensive came only 12 hours after a spokesman at Allied headquarters in Italy disclosed that the Germans had withdrawn strong forces, including the 26th panzer division,, from the beachhead area to bolster their crumbling defenses to the south. At the northeast corner of the beachhead, Allied forces were within a few miles of < Is* See ITALY Page 12 Col. 2 An armada of up to 150 American Liberators and Flying Fortresses began the daylight smashes in a dawn attack on French and German targets afer more than 1,000 British night bombers had hit Dortmund ami Brunswick in Germany and other continental objective*..... Of the more than 1,700 planes American daylight raid, three bomb-including fighters - making the lax Simplifier lo Roosevelt WASHINGTON, May 33w—(ZP)—In I an emphatic answer to the annual! March tax howl over decimals and lpm among inc wars Heaviest,. j in the town of Piedimonte. Iou The first crack of dawn brought miles west of Cassino, the * nemy lout the day attackers. While the s(1u was clinging to strong points I American heavy bombers were en- while Eighth army troops, includ-loading their deadly cargoes on a ing Poie>s were on three sides of wide assortment of Installations | slronR natural position Street figuring importantly In the Gel - J fighting was raging in some pat ta I man s plan to combat the lmpcnd-1 ing invasion, many of the Mustangs, Lightnings and Thunderbolts in the unusually strong fighter escort probably swooped low to shoot up other objectives Still other fighters—RAP Musings — carried out supporting sweeps ranging over miles of enemy-held territory to strafe target* of opportunity in a continuation of of the town. (Last night the Morocco radio said Eighth army forces had captured Piedimonte.) While American patrols which entered Terracina yesterday later withdrew, other American units advanced on Mc lite Croce, an important hill overlooking the town. Americans also have occupied or of opportunity in a conunimuo.. u. ...    occupying    va *,«, ct.Oj.wrtwj- reuth ...«    Pta    m to a Clark Establishes Beachhead Post ON THE ANZIO BEACHHEAD May 23 (ZP)—Lt. Gen. Mark W. Claik established a Fifth army advanced command past on the beachhead after inspecting American troop* hire y esterday. (A Swiss broadcast today said Allied troops have reached Lake Fog-liano in enlarging the beachhead eastward. The Swiss radio, heard by U. S. government monitors, said war carried out by low-fiying Ann 1 lean and British fighter plane*.^ Counted together, the night and day assault*, saw approximately 3,300 Allied planes roar out from British bases and hurl an estimated 5,000 short tons of bombs on continental targets. tax howl over decimal.-nu Congress today sent to the o{ cxpl(lMVes dumped by Allied an -House legislation simplify- j craft flying from both Britain and in. th. return proem for    In- income taxpayers.    |    r.QUS kamCiS between the German Leaders said the president cer- ajr force and American raiders attaint will sign the “streamliner” tacking targets in France today bm into law. Passed unanimously by the house, and by a voice vote in rious other high mountain mass from Terracina. Monte Capiccio, points in the running inland These include Monte Autone, digits, White ! M'ate Calvo and Monte Marino. Reds Get Ready For 'Offensives’ MOSCOW, May 23.—(UP'—The Red army is preparing for “fieroe battles which He ahead.” it was an- made no mention immediately of sky fights over Germany itself J** j bounced" today with the disclosure RAF’s massive night bombing fleet .    •    0prman attacks had 1111 MIV* #**«»»■>    _ tonight*.    .8)39 U. S. Crude Flow Up 14,350 Daily TULSA, Okla., May 23.—(ZP)— United States crude oil production increased 14,350 barrels daily in the week ended May 20 to 4,525.950 barrels daily, the Oil and Gas Journal said today. Illinois output was put 10,000 barrels a day to 214,100; California, 4,650 to 836,250; Kansas, 5,800 to 1283,800; Oklahoma, 350 to 33,850; I Texas. 300 to 1,995,590 and the Rocky mountain area, 3,900 to 120,-100. SOMEWHERE IN AUSTRALIA, ^ _    ___...... May 23—(ZP.—Gen. Douglas Mac- ^ ~AU7edn attack was "developing Arthui and Adm. William F Halsey; succcasfully ln the direction of Ut-I conferred here officially last week,    „    ^ north q[ Lflke Gognano. BI UM Tex May '23.—(ZP)—Bud j concerning future operations against, Tnis’ laIw ^ three miles Past of Russell, chia! transfer asem torAdmiral Botany woo ‘he the Texas prison system tor 39    0(    Vtot-MmThomas Kin-: repoi^d positions o!' AI led troops years, has    announced    hor retire-    commander ct .he 7th U    s.    :    rn the beadohe;ad.    AUIs «:st rn menu    ,    fleet    In the Southwest Pacific    lite    ,    end- the lake Is JO    miles from Ter* Oil leave    since    April    I with the    ^    whlch supported MacArthur’*;    racina where the    main Fifth army understanding he    could return to;    Hollandia-Aitape landings.    I    is fighting). his job any time, Russell ald ne had decided to retire to his 805-. acre stock farm in this Brazos river bottom of Hill county. Russell, 69, a native of this coun- ^ ty has been a farmer, cowboy, and prison agent. As prison agent, he traveled 3.900,OOO miles and delivered 115.000 prisoners. He added t proudly that he never killed a man and let only one escape, _ the senate, the "painlexx” (a* hill would relieve some 30,000,-000 persons »f the necessity of rver computing another federal income tax return, in addition it simplifies tax paying procedures for the other 10,000,000. Final action came a.* the house, on a motion by Chairman Houghton ,n-NC) of the ways and means committee, accepted technical senate amendments. The measure rearranges the whole individual incowe tax structure, discarding the two-year-old wartime “victory” tax and letting new normal and surtax rates and exemptions—while keeping actual tax burdens at substantially present levels for most persons. ran into stiff opposition from the Nazis over both Dortmund and Brunswick.    _ Chapel Rites for W. W. Halliburton As Factor in Seizure as racror in seizure— NLRB MEMBER CITES WARD'S LABOR RECORD t union’* resentment wt i iv/1*** VV VA    .    . rn that only local German attacks had broken the month-long lull on the eastern front. Soviet forces shot down 17 German planes Sunday, but there were “no changes” yesterday, a comuni-que reported.    The    communique* have failed to    mention any major fighting since    April    22, with the exception of a    brief    drive in early \*av which resulted lr the captuie Funeral for W W Halliburton, 60. (‘)f'Spva,t,ipol and the completion who died Monday ta Hendnck ^ Cnmean campaign. Memorial hospital, will be conduit-j Locgl (ierman attacks were ed at 4 p. rn. Wednesday in Elliot    „ed    vfSterdav    in the Stins- chapel by the Rev J H Hamblen, i lawow arpa of soUtheaatem Po-pastor of First Methodist < bure lr    u    |he ,owfr Reatdent of Abilene .ne pa* 30,    ,^tr   of Ii- years, Mr. Halliburton us survived    unfair by his w ife two soils Robert^ oi T German communique said thai Fort Worth and Thomas Paul Hal-    out    an    en- rS    si si,rn,sxatrsr    ■ i38mll“north' Mr. Halliburton, whose family I W€st of Tl * 1 Blasts Halt Yanks WITH FIFTH ARMY TERRACINA, Noon May 23—(UP) —An American armored column assaulted Terracina today, but was halted by explosives which Germans dropped from a sheer, 75 foot cliff overlooking the Appian Way. Three U. S. tanks were knocked out, but WASHINGTON, May 23 -(4 | Gerard Reilly, member of the National Labor Relations board, asserted today that the Montgomery I Ward company had a long record BEFORE of violating labor laws. Appearing before a special house committee investigating government seizure of the company’s plant at Chicago. Reilly said the asserted violations were in the Kansas City, Portland, Orc, and St. Paul plants, and “undoubtedly this background Vj ian*.S Wvlv hllVVnVU I; U > I Will (Alt VA    V-* Allied infantry was moving swiftly j of unfair practices played » large through the mountains in an at tempt to close in on the town. part” as a precipitant of the celebrated Chicago strike which led to seizure Reilly declared that the pany: 1. Attempted to form a rom pany union in Kansas ( ily and sought to “prevent success" of other unions. 2. Refused to bargain “in good faith” at Portland and provoked a strike by “stalling tactics.” 3. Maintained “a system of espionage    involving    employ ment of labor spies at St. Paul, These factors found by the NLRB. Reilly said, were “an important contributory factor to the Chicago union’s resentment when this la-com-' test dispute arose. I Reilly said the NLRB under its rules and regulations was unable to conduct a new election in the Chicago plant before it did, a focal point in the entire controversy. He said the company at one point refused to consent to a new election and at another point the union submitted “a novel” brief simply seeking to be re-certified as the bargaining agent. This brief included charges of unfair labor practices and could not be considered spe cif ira lly as a request for a election. residence Is 2134 Cottonwood, was employed by the Abilene candy company. Pallbearers will be S A. Bacon, Gaston, Bell. J L. Collett. P B. Wheeler. R. L. Holley and Quinton Ba ker Burial will bx' in Cedar Hill cemetery. Liquor Imports High .Another German broadcast said that Nazi troops were being massed on the central sector to stem the Red flood when it starts rushing in agata” A third broadcast vaid heavy German bombers were being '-ent into action to “spoil preparations for a fresh large-scala Soviet offensive which can be observed.”) 102 in Valley WESLACO, May 23- WASHINGTON, May 23.-(f)-    WESLACO, -3-(jP’ A max* Liquor imports in April reached the unum temperature of liL degrees, second highest monthly total on :highest of tile y.*r. record-5,183,000 gallons-on the yesterday by the Wo Grande val basis of internal revenue stamp , ley experiment sub-stauon. located sales reported today by the tress- between Mercedes and J ^estaco, ac new I un This was 685,000 gallons less cording to a st atame t than the record month of March. 'Friend, employed at the station. ;